Skip to main content

Full text of "The house of Gordon"

See other formats


TORONTO 



Aberdeen University 
Studies No. 8 




Tlie tlouse of Gordon 



UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN. 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATIONS. 

Convener: Professor JAMES W. H. TRAIL, M.A., M.D., F.R.S., Curator of the University 
Library. 

UNIVERSITY STUDIES. 



General Editor : PETER JOHN ANDERSON, M.A., LL.B., Librarian to the University. 

No. i. Roll of Alumni in Arts of the University and King's College of Aberdeen, 1596-1860. 
Edited by P. J. Anderson. 1900. 

No. 2. The Records of Old Aberdeen, 1157-1891. Edited by Alexander Macdonald Munro, 
F.S.A. Scot. Vol. 1. 1900. 

No. 3. Place Names of West Aberdeenshire. By the late James Macdonald, F.S.A. Scot. 
1900. 

No. 4. The Family of Burnett of Leys. By the late George Burnett, LL.D., Lyon King of 
Arms. 1901. 

No. 5. The Records of Invercauld, 1547-1828. Edited by the Rev. John Grant Michie, M.A. 
1901. 

No. 6. Rectorial Addresses delivered in the Universities of Aberdeen, 1835-1900. Edited by 
P. J. Anderson. 1902. 

No. 7. The Albemarle Papers, 1746-48. Edited by Charles Sanford Terry, M.A., Professor 
of History in the University. 1902. 

No. 8. The House of Gordon. Edited by John Malcolm Bulloch, M.A. Vol. I. 1903. 
No. 9. The Records of Elgin. Compiled by William Cramond, LL.D. Vol.1. 1903. 

No. 10. The Records of the Sheriff Court of Aberdeenshire. Edited by David Littlejohn, 
LL.D. Vol.1. (In the press.) 



The House of Gordon 



Edited by 

John Malcolm Bulloch, M.A, 



Volume I. 



Aberdeen 

Printed for the University 
1903 



THE ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY PRESS LIMITED 



cs 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

The purpose and the methods of this book ..... xiii 

Bibliography of Gordon genealogy . . . . . xxix 

Additions and corrections ........ Ixxiv 

The BALBITHAN MS (i) 

ABERGELDIE, by the Editor (69) 

COCLARACHIE, by the Rev. Stephen Ree, B.D (117) 

GIGHT, by the Editor (165) 

Appendices : Lists of Gordons in Scotland . . . . (311) 

I. Services of Heirs, 1545-1799 . . . . (325) 

II. Tollable Persons, 1696 ....... (453) 

III. Scottish Universities ....... (485) 

IV. Members of Parliament ...... (521) 

V. Advocates and Writers to the Signet .... (528) 



Abergeldie Castle from the North . . . . . Frontispiece 
(Photogravure by Annan.} 

Table showing the main divisions of the Gordons ix 

Table of the Gordons in the North of Scotland .... x 

Table of the Gordons in the South of Scotland xii 



BALLADE OF THE GAY GORDONS. 

In distant days of Border Raid, 

Ere Scot was Scot, and foe was foe, 

'Twas hard to tell the hostile blade, 
And harder still it was to know 
For whom to strike the battle blow 

The kindly keep, the adverse moat ; 
Yet, even then, in weal or woe 

The Gordons had the guidiri 1 o't. 

They fought and fell in sun and shade ; 

The battle sometimes brought them low ; 
Yet never were their sons afraid 

To face the risks of overthrow. 

The slogan rang from hearts aglow 
With courage 'neath the mailed coat : 

With " Bydand ! " cry and bended bow 
The Gordons had the guidin' o't. 

The March was mastered by their aid, 

And proudly did the king bestow 
The mighty track of glen and glade 

Athwart the Grampians' line of snow. 

And since the days of Long-Ago, 
Where'er they've stood, where'er they've smote, 

The stories of their prowess show 
The Gordons had the guidin' o't. 

ENVOY. 

Cock of the North ! To you we owe 

The hearts which, at your slogan note, 

Are fain to prove, by veldt and voe, 
The Gordons hae the guidin' o't. 

J. M. B, 



IX 



THE LAIRD OF GORDON, 

Berwickshire. 

(Tradition says he fell at the Battle of the 
Standard, 1138.) 



Sir Adam. 

i 
John. 



Sir John (d. 1394). 
Had two natural sons. 



Richard Adam 

of Gordon. of Huntly. 

Sir Thomas. Alexander. 

I ! 

Sir Thomas. Adam. 



Alicia, 
d. 1280. 



Sir Adam 
(d. on his way to the Crusade). 



Adam (fell at Dunbar, 1296). 

Sir Adam (got Strathbogie, 1319, and migrated north). 



Sir Adam. 

Killed at Homildon 

Hill, 1402. 



Sir William 
of Stitchel. 

Roger of Stitchel. 

Sir Alexander 
of Kenmure. 



' Jock " of Scurdargue. " Tarn " of Ruthven. Elizabeth=f Sir Alexander Seton. Roger of Stitchel. 
Had four sons. Said to have had eighteen | 

sons. Alexander, ist Earl of Huntly. William (" Young 

Lochinvar"). 



The cadets descended 
from "Jock" of Scur- 
dargue (North). 


The cadets of " Tarn " of 
Ruthven (North). 


The Ducal line: "Seton- 
Gordons" (North). 


The cadets of Lochinvar 
and in the South of 
Scotland. 



SKELETON TABLE OF THE HOUSE OF GORDON. 



John Gordon, grandson of Sir 



Sir John (d, 1394), had two natural sons. 



"Jock" of Scurdargue (Rhynie). 


Alexander, 


1 
John, 


William, 


1 
James, 


Hence 


Hence 
*~ 


Hence 

--L 


Hence 


Ardbroylach. 


Achanachie. 


Farskane. 


Ardmeallie. 


^\ 

Darley. 


Auchleuchries. 


Arradoul. 


Artloch. 


Fechil. 


Auchintoul. 


Dilspro. 


Balmuir. 


Auchenhuif. 


Auchmull. 


Glenbucket. 


Auchline. 


Dorlaithers. 


Bonnyton (Ayr). 


Buckie. 


Auchoynany. 


Gollachie. 


Auchmenzie. 


Drumbulg. 


Braco. 


Cairnfield. 


Avochie. 


Hilton. 


Badinscoth. 


Drymes. 


Fetterletter. 


Cracullie. 


Bad. 


Invermarkie. 


Balmad. 


Fernachty. 


Haddo. ^| 


Deskie. 


Balbithan. 


Kindrocht. 


Banchory. 


Fulziemont. 


Earl of Aberdeen. \ 


Drumin. 


Botarie. 


Kinmundy. 


Barnes. 


Johnsleys. 


Lord Stanmore. J 


Glengarrock. 


Cairnburrow. 


Lungar. 


Birkenburn. 


Kincraigie. 


Methlick. 


Inverharrach. 


Cairnwhelp. 


Park. 


Blelack. 


Kinnoir. 


Nethermuir. 


Knawen. 


Carnousie. 


Pitlurg. 


Bogardie. 


Knock. 


Savoch. 


Knockespock. 


Drumhead. 


Rothiemay. 


Bourtie. 


Law. 


Scotstown \ 


Minmore. 


Drumwhindle. 


Soccoth. 


Buthlaw. 


Leicheston. 


(in Renfrew)./ 


Netherbuckie. 


Edinglassie. 


Straloch. 


Cairness. 


Lesmoir. 


Sheelagreen. 


Prony. 




Techmuirie. 


Coclarachie. 


Manar. 


Tillytelt. 


Tulloch. 






Coldstone. 


Merdrum. 




Wellheads. 






Collithie. 


Newton. 










Coynachie. 


Oxhill. 










Cracullie. 


Terpersie. 










Craig. 


Tilliechowdie. 










Crichie. 


Tillyangus. 










Culdrain. 


Wardhouse. 





The cadets of "Jock" of Scurdargue. 



TENTATIVE TABLE SHOWING THE CHIEF BRANCHES 
The descendants of the brothers "Jock" and "Tarn" and of theii 



XI 



Adam, who got Strathbogie. 



Sir Adam (killed 1402). 



" Tarn," of Ruthven, 
Hence 
Ardmillan. 
Auchinreath. 


Elizabeth=j=Alexander Seton. 

1 
Alexander, ist Earl of Huntly. 

1 


Auchinstink. 
Balveny. 
Bochrom. 


George, 2nd Earl. 

1 


1 
Alexander, 
Hence 


Adam, 
Hence 


Braickley. 


| 


i 


l Abergeldie. 


Backies. 


Clunymore. 
Contlie. 


Alexander, 3rd Earl, 
Hence 


William, 
Hence 


James, Birkhall. 
Hence Craibstone. 


Beldornie. 
Drummoy. 


Daach. 
Railhead. 


Marquis of Huntly. 
Duke of Richmond. 


Ardlogie. 
Gight. 


Chappelton. Grandholm. 
Coffurach. Haffield. 


Golspitur. 
Sidderay. 


Kennertie. 


Earl of Sutherland. 




Cromellat. 


Wardhouse. 


Kethocksmills. 


Auchindown. 


Lord Byron. 


Corridoun. 




Kinernie. 


Auchdregny. 




Letterfurie. 




Noth. 


Birsemoir. 




Myrieton. 




Pethnick. 


Cluny. 




Orkney. 




Pitglassie. 


Cotton. 








Sauchen. 


Croughly. 










Delmore. 










Dunkinty. 










Gartay. 










Gordonstoun. 










Pittendreich. 










Ruthven. 











Tombae. 









" Tarn's" cadets. 



The Seton-Gordons. 



OF THE GORDONS IN THE NORTH OF SCOTLAND, 
(legitimate) cousin, Elizabeth, who married Alexander Seton. 



Xll 



Sir Adam Gordon, got the lands of Strathbogie, 1319. 



Sir Adam, 

Ancestor of the Gordons in the 
North of Scotland. 



Sir John, 

Hence 
Balmaghie. 
Barnbarroch. 
Buittle. 
Craichlaw. 
Culvennan. 
Gelston. 
Glenluce. 
Grange. 
Greenlaw. 
Holm. 
Kenmure. 
Lochinvar. 
Muirford. 
Penynghame. 



I 
Sir William, 

Ancestor of the Gordons in the 
South of Scotland. 

Roger of Stitchel. 

Alexander of Stitchel. 

I 
Roger of Stitchel. 

William of Stitchel and Lochinvar. 
(The famous "Young Lochinvar".) 



Alexander, 

Hence 
Airds. 

Auchendolly. 
Auchenreoch. 
Bar. 

Barharrow. 
Barnhead. 
Bristol. 
Burnshaw. 
Campbellton. 
Carleton. 
Colquha. 
Cullindoch. 
Earlston. 
Hallheath. 
Kilsture. 
Kirkconnel. 
Whytpark. 
Wincombe Park. 



George, 

Hence 
Troquhain. 



Roger, 

Hence 
Crogo. 



TENTATIVE TABLE OF THE GORDONS IN THE SOUTH OF SCOTLAND, NOTABLY THOSE OF 

LOCHINVAR. 

This table has been compiled chiefly from the Earlston MS. Most of the Gordons in Ireland and (via Ireland) 
in America are descended from the various branches of the family in the South of Scotland. 



THE PURPOSE AND THE METHODS OF THIS 

BOOK. 

You may remember the tragedy common-place enough, no 
doubt, and yet so true of Mr. Henry James's poignant little story, 
The Madonna of the Future. It tells of an artist who became 
possessed of a great desire to paint a picture of the Virgin which 
should be an epitome of the representations of all the ages and 
all the schools of thought and of art. For years he accumulated 
materials by ransacking the galleries of the world. He knew 
the Raphaels and the Rubenses by heart. He had sketches of 
Giotto and Titian : memories of Moroni and Murillo : notes 
on Diirer and the Dutchmen. But he never painted his 
Madonna : and when he died posterity discovered that his great 
canvas was nothing but a paralysed daub. The moral of that 
story is the inspiration of this book. 

The endeavour to paint the picture of the House of Gordon 
has been extremely disappointing. It began in the middle of the 
sixteenth century when the Piedmontese monk, John Ferrerius, 
confronted the task. He was followed by a long line of patient 
workers ; but the sum total of their labour bears no sort of pro- 
portion to the time spent upon it. Delay has increased the 
difficulty of the subject : the difficulty has made the desideratum 
seem all the greater : and the desideratum has set up a standard 
of definitiveness, which has resulted, to use Olive Schreiner's 
phrase, in " a striving and striving and ending in nothing ". The 
desire to compass the task, however it has arisen, has always 



XIV HOUSE OF GORDON. 

been strong : and makes it unnecessary for me to apologise for 
the present attempt to trace the history of the House throughout 
its numerous branches. I could become as cynical as any- 
body on the "waste" of labour involved in such an endeavour : 
and I could show cause why it need not be undertaken. But 
such a criticism would be wholly superficial, for the " waste " of 
labour is not inherent in the desideratum ; it is merely incident 
to the methods by which realisation has been pursued for more 
than four centuries. In short, if any apology were necessary, it 
would be not for the work undertaken, but for the work not 
undertaken, or rather not published ; for therein lies the crux 
of the whole matter. 

Premising then for the moment the immense fascination of 
the subject, we have to attribute the failure to do anything worthy 
of the name of a survey to the bogey of definitiveness, which by 
its very desirability has by a curious irony defeated itself, and 
resulted in a perpetual (and pathetic) pother. In speaking thus, 
I am far from belittling the industry of the many workers who 
have devoted so much time to the subject : but I can find no 
other phrase to describe the endless going over of the same 
ground, which manuscript after manuscript demonstrates in a 
melancholy way. Let me explain how the enthusiasm of the 
worker and the timidity of the publisher have operated against 
the progress of the task. 

Few men have had the temerity to propose a survey of the 
whole House, as their starting point. The worker has almost 
invariably begun on a particular branch of the family ; and, even 
at that, each enthusiast has had to begin, in the absence of the 
printed results of his predecessors' labours, not where they left 
off, but almost exactly where they started. Fascinated by the in- 
teresting side issues of his quest, he has hesitated on the brink ot 
the completed monograph, and has gone on accumulating material, 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. XV 

first on the environs of the particular sept on which he began, 
then on the wider issues of a leading line ; and lastly he has 
become possessed of the desire to tackle the whole subject. An 
examination of the manuscript collections of several workers has 
borne out this theory of the elusiveness of the subject, and I may 
be permitted to support it by my own experience, which is quite 
typical. 

Always fascinated by the Gordons as a mere boy I helped 
my father to accumulate much material for his Historic Scenes 
in Aberdeenshire at a time when greater attention to " versions" 
might have been more to the point I became thoroughly 
interested in the subject again in the summer of 1897 when the 
Byron revival began to attract notice. This resulted in the 
compilation of a rough (and incorrect) chart of the " Ennobled 
Gordons and Lord Byron" (Scottish Notes and Queries, Oct., 
1897), prepared with the view of tracing the poet's wayward- 
ness. The necessity of having to summarise the history of 
the Duke of Fife's fortunate family and the achievements 
of the Gordon Highlanders (apropos of their famous exploit 
at Dargai) led me further afield ; and before I knew where I was 
I found myself in possession of a great mass of collateral informa- 
tion, much of which had never been co-ordinated into readable 
form. The picturesque possibilities of the subject very soon 
became apparent, and, though many of these had been exploited, 
a great number had not been touched upon. There was, for 
example, the alliance of Lady Catherine Gordon with the Polish 
statesman and poet, Count Andreas Morsztyn, by whom she 
became the ancestor of Stanislas Poniatowski, the last King of 
Poland. There were the achievements of Colonel John Gordon 
of the Gight family, who was partly responsible for the assassina- 
tion of Wallenstein in 1634 : the Jacobite intrigues with Admiral 
Thomas Gordon, governor of Kronstadt : the escapade of young 



XVI HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Gordon of Wardhouse, who lost his head as a spy at Brest in 
1769; the crazy abduction of Mrs. Lee, De Quincey's "female 
infidel," by the two young Aboyne Gordons ; the elopement of 
Lord William Gordon, brother of the Rioter, with the charming 
Lady Sarah Lennox ; and so on. My point is this, that but for 
the inducement of being able to publish (in newspaper form) 
the result of my inquiries, I might have gone on, like so many 
of my predecessors, accumulating material for years, in the hope 
of one day being able to write a history of the House more or less 
definitive ; until I should have been too tired, or too paralysed 
by the vastness of the subject, to put anything on printed 
record at all. 

This is precisely what has occurred to so many workers in 
the same field. They have been immensely industrious : some 
of them have even been methodical : and most of them have 
collected much material, which would have been of great 
service to their successors if it had been printed. But how was 
that to be done, when the desire for a definitive work always 
loomed large before them, and when there was no fair chance 
of publishing the piecemeal effort ; for the commercial publisher 
has offered no inducement, and the antiquarian clubs have either 
tabooed the partial contribution or fought shy of a project which 
seemed to have no beginning and less of an end ? What has 
happened ? The enthusiast has passed away without being able 
to publish the results of his labour, without giving the next worker 
the chance of knowing what has been done, what might be taken 
as finished, and what line he might pursue to most advantage. 
Sometimes the very existence of the enthusiast has been forgotten 
and the benefit of his labour lost. His papers have been carefully 
guarded by his representatives for sentimental and sometimes 
dog-in-the-manger reasons ; or else they have been ignorantly 
consigned to the paper mill by executors who knew nothing, and 



XV11 



cared less, about the matter. In very few cases have collections 
such as these found their way into libraries available to the 
public. Even if they had, it will be found all too frequently 
that the material so laboriously gathered is in such a state of 
confusion that none but the original compiler could provide a key 
to it, for the worker with the best intentions in the world who 
has no hope of publishing his discoveries ceases to have a care 
for their manipulation by posterity. 

One of the most remarkable cases in proof of the point is 
the so-called Balbithan MS., which forms the first item in the 
present volume. Here is a document of unique interest ; a guide 
of first-rate value and validity, which covers ground traversed by 
no other work. And yet, notwithstanding the fact that it has 
been in existence for possibly two hundred years, the student has 
had to wait until now for the opportunity of seeing it in print. 
Meantime, the MS. has been copied by several workers ; these 
copies, in turn, have been re-copied ; and in the process endless 
errors have crept in, vitiating more than one printed deduction. 
The extraordinary neglect of the materials for a history of the 
House is further illustrated in the case of Sir Robert Gordon's 
Genealogical History of the Earldom of Sutherland. Written in 
1630, it was not put into type until 1813, and then less as a 
genealogical venture than as a matter of personal pride on the 
part of the Marchioness of Stafford, the last of the long line of 
Gordons who had borne the name of Sutherland. Sir William 
Fraser justly contrasted the attention which had been paid to 
Hume's History of the Douglases, written about the same time 
(1644) an d published in 1743. 

It might be argued with some show of reason that the earlier 
publication of material on the House of Douglas has been the 
cause of the more thorough investigation of the history of that 
family. Accepting this explanation, one is confronted with the 



XV111 HOUSE OP GORDON. 

fact that the published accounts of the House of Gordon are very 
inadequate and disappointing. I do not forget that seventeen 
years before Hume's book on the Douglases there had appeared 
the History of the Antient and Illustrious Family of Gordon by 
William Gordon ; but it is really a history of Scotland told in 
terms of the ennobled Gordons. Even at that, however, it might 
have been followed up by further inquiries. Yet how was this 
done? In 1754 a Charles Gordon (whose origin is uncertain) 
issued a Concise History of the House, which is more or less 
a condensation of William Gordon's two volumes, and even the 
reprint of 1 890 contained little more than can be found in a good 
modern peerage. In fact, the first real contribution to the history 
of the House was the publication of Sir Robert Gordon's great 
work in 1813. Excepting Sir William Eraser's Sutherland Book 
(1892), which was an expansion, based on charter chests, of Sir 
Robert's monograph, nothing of first-rate quality was done until 
1894, when the Records of A boy ne, edited by the present Marquis 
of Huntly, was issued by the New Spalding Club. 

In the intervening eighty years we had various efforts to ex- 
tend our knowledge of the subject, but nearly all of them were 
spasmodic and incidental. The publications of the old Spalding 
Club (1841-71) form an invaluable quarry of facts ; but the Club, 
with all its enthusiasm, shirked the task of compiling a special work 
on the subject. It discussed the matter at its initial meeting in the 
year 1839, and Mr. Murray Rose informs me that he has seen a 
letter in which Cosmo Innes referred to an elaborate history of the 
cadets of the House upon which a friend was engaged. Tran- 
scripts were made of all available Gordon charters ; but the scheme, 
if ever formulated, fell through, and the material seems to have 
been used up in various issues of the Club. With such a start, 
however, as the publications of the Club afforded, some one, it 
might have been supposed, would have taken up at least one line 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. XIX 

of cadets. What has been the result? Just three monographs 
two on the Gordons of Lesmoir and Terpersie by Captain 
Wimberley, and a pamphlet on the Gordons of Croughly by the 
late Captain Huntly Blair Gordon. It is somewhat remarkable 
that both these compilers were partly of English parentage. 
Each of these books, however, is mainly sectional, and even 
at that is by no means exhaustive. In any case, they form 
no part of a scheme to deal with the whole family, root and 
branch, and therefore they represent a vast mass of duplicated 
labour. Some of that labour might have been profitably ex- 
pended on other branches of the family, for it has to be noted 
that none of the printed histories touches that important branch 
of the Gordons who elected to remain on the Borders when the 
great exodus to the north took place. Not only so, but 
most of the printed histories deal \*ith the main line repre- 
sented by the Marquis of Huntly and the Duke of Richmond 
and their cadets. The other branches which spring from "Jock" 
and " Tarn " Gordon have been so much neglected that even 
Lord Aberdeen's family has gone without a chronicler. 

Disappointing as the direct work on the House of Gordon 
has been since the year when William Gordon issued his verbose 
history, there has been an increasing interest in topography 
and genealogy in general. We have had histories of nearly all 
the great Aberdeenshire families the Frasers, the Farquharsons, 
the Forbeses (very incompletely), the Skenes, the Bairds, the 
Burnetts, the Leslies, the Lumsdens, the Cadenheads, and so on. 
The contributions to topographical literature have even been 
greater, and have reached the general reader in a popular 
County Series (Blackwoods'). Kirk Session, Municipal and Uni- 
versity records have been ransacked, and though there has been 
a strong disinclination to co-ordinate the matter thus unearthed, 
there is scarcely a parish that has not had its chronicler. Most 



XX HOUSE OF GORDON. 

important of all is the splendid series of records, such as the 
Registers of the Privy Council, and of the Great Seal, pub- 
lished officially during the last twenty years, which make it 
unnecessary for the worker to spend money on having the 
Register House ransacked for his special benefit. True, there 
are sources of information, notably the treasures in the Aberdeen 
Town House and Sheriff Court House, which have been imper- 
fectly tapped : but if we are to wait until that is done thoroughly, 
we shall be as far from tackling the subject as ever. 

A cursory glance at the materials I have enumerated will 
soon convince the student that the ground to be covered is enor- 
mous. For instance, a searching inquiry into the history of one 
branch alone, the Gordons of Lesmoir, who were descended from 
"Jock" Gordon of Scurdargue, discloses the fact that they 
produced some thirty distinct branches, holding different estates 
in as many parishes scattered over five counties. In the entire 
survey of land-owning families bearing the name of Gordon, we 
have hundreds of families, the cadets descending from " Jock " 
of Scurdargue alone running into a hundred families. 

It ought to be noted here that in making this calculation I 
have not attempted to trace the family further back than their 
appearance in Scotland : and even then, their beginnings are 
very doubtful. For instance, the most recent critic of the origin 
of the Gordons, Mr. George S. C. Swinton, suggests (Genealo- 
gist, New Series, vol. xv.) that they were originally Swintons, and 
he places the traditional brothers, Richard and Adam, thus : 

Ernald or Hernulf of Swinton and of Aldcambus. 



Cospatrick de Swinton Richard de Swinton Adam 

(master of the Swinton family) (afterwards de Gordon ?) (de Gordon ?) 

Writing in Notes and Queries (March 29, 1902) he asks : 

Can any human being named Gordon or de Gordun be dated in Scotland 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. Xxi 

before 1200 ? That is the approximate date which, by comparing the witnesses 
with other dated charters, I give to charter cxvii. in Raine's North Durham 
in which Richard de Gordun and Adam de Gordun, the traditional brothers, 
made what is, I believe, their first appearance. Any way, this charter cannot 
be earlier than 1182, in which year its grantor, Patrick Earl of Dunbar, great- 
grandson of the above-mentioned Cospatrick, succeeded. 

Putting all other questions aside, we come to the solid fact 
that a Sir Adam Gordon got Strathbogie in 1319, and migrated 
from the Borders northwards. Thus the family split into two 
great halves. Sir Adam's eldest son, Adam, got the estates in 
the north ; and his descendants, mostly located in the counties of 
Aberdeen, Banff, Moray and Sutherland, represent the senior 
line. Adam's second son, William, retained the family holdings 
in the south of Scotland. 

Another great division then occurred among the Gordons in 
the north. Sir Adam (of 1319) had two great-grandsons, John 
and Adam. John had two natural sons, the traditional "Jock" 
of Scurdargue and " Tarn " of Ruthven. Adam, their uncle, had 
an only daughter, Elizabeth, who went to the south for a hus- 
band, Alexander Seton, and thus reinforced the northern strain 
with the old Border blood. She founded the so-called " Seton- 
Gordons," represented mainly by the ducal line. But the great 
majority of the cadets in the north are descended from "Jock" 
and "Tarn," who represent the senior line in its genealogical 
purity. 

The Gordons in the south of Scotland are believed to be 
descended from William, second son of Adam of 1319. Their 
history, as I have pointed out, has been followed with much less 
minuteness than that of the family in the north ; but enough is 
known to show that the southern cadets number many hundreds. 
They are particularly interesting as the ancestors of the Gordons 
in Ireland and of most of the old Gordon families in America 
(notably Virginia), who come of Scoto-Irish stock. 



XX11 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

The wide distribution and the fascination of the House of 
Gordon is not a mere theory put forward by the enthusiastic 
genealogist. A very curious example of the belief in the 
ubiquity of the race is afforded by Mr. Stead's never-ending 
story, " To be Continued in our Next," which was begun in the 
Review of Reviews, January, 1903. The story is a statement of 
the news of the day told in terms of fiction : 

We take the chief events of the month and use them as 
the central incident of a series of short stories, each of 
which ... is linked on to all its predecessors and 
those which will come after it by its bearing upon the 
fortunes of the Gordon family, whose widely scattered 
members are at the heart of most human affairs in all 
parts of the world. 

If this journalistic exaggeration is not quite valid, the 
task of tracing the fortunes of the House is so great that the 
individual worker, trammelled by the desire for definitiveness, 
can make no progress. For this reason the New Spalding Club 
has resolved to tackle the subject in a piecemeal way by issuing 
monographs on different cadets without reference, for the pre- 
sent, to a general scheme for a history of the family. This book, 
while aiming ultimately at definitiveness, starts primarily in the 
interests of the monograph. The issue of several of these mono- 
graphs under one cover, as in the present instance, is mainly 
accidental. The collected form has been adopted here as an 
earnest, an advertisement if you will, of the desire of the New 
Spalding Club to undertake a task which is so great a desidera- 
tum for all genealogists and topographical students. But the 
essential characteristics of the monograph are preserved, most 
notably in the separate pagination of the account of each family, 
so that those who wish to bind them up in their ultimate sequence 
may be able to do so. Indeed, it was the original intention to issue 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. XXlii 

the monographs separately from time to time as occasion offered ; 
and once the old manuscript accounts of the family, hitherto unpub- 
lished, are printed off this will be done, for it is of the utmost 
importance to put into type as much matter as has been prepared. 
The idea of the Club has been to make a start, to do something to 
place ascertained facts on record ; and to this end the monographs 
that were actually ready have been printed. There has been no 
attempt to begin with any branch on the ground of its seniority. 
But it may be said that the Gordons of the direct line have been 
purposely passed over for the present, for they have been done 
over and over again ; not exhaustively, it is true, but with 
sufficient clearness to offer an accurate idea of their develop- 
ment. What has hitherto been neglected are the descendants 
of the other great line of the Gordons in the north, the descend- 
ants of " Jock " and " Tarn " ; while the smaller cadets on both 
sides have been scamped, although the mere fact that their 
poverty made men of them by driving them abroad as, for 
instance, the Russian General, Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries 
gives them an interest reaching far beyond the confines of 
their paternal acres. 

But if the selection of the families to be dealt with has been 
to this extent haphazard, the method of dealing with them will 
be found to be more or less on a definite plan. The method em- 
ployed is that of the undisguised chronological compilation of 
actual facts, set forth without comment. Each entry opens with 
the year, the month and the day, and closes with the citation of 
the authority. For the most part there has been no attempt 
to " run on " the matter thus brought together, for nothing 
is so irritating in genealogical books as the method of 
"setting" them as if they were connected narratives, whereas 
in the great majority of cases they are merely chronological 
compilations, with unavoidable lacunae, which make a narra- 



XXIV HOUSE OF GORDON. 

tive almost impossible. In a few cases, such as that of Colonel 
John Gordon, of Wallenstein notoriety, it has been possible 
to cast the known facts into something like the shape of a 
story, but the general method is chronological. It need hardly 
be said that if, in the present state of our knowledge, we cannot 
write a story, the construction of a history, in any sense worth 
speaking of, is still more remote, because it is essentially a de- 
finitive process ; and definitiveness, as I have argued, cannot be 
aimed at in the present state of our knowledge. In any case, 
the book suitable for the man who runs and reads and several 
such could be written about the sensational adventures of the 
Gordons is quite beyond the scope of an organisation like the 
New Spalding Club, the duty of which, I take it, is to supply a 
quarry rather than create a structure. 

The plan, then, has been to take the laird, or at any rate 
the senior representative (for the time being) of each cadet, as a 
unit. After a very brief introduction and summary of his posi- 
tion, his career is built up in a series of extracts (chronologically 
arranged), compiled from ail sorts of sources. Furthermore, 
these extracts have been printed in smaller type, as an indication 
that the busy reader may conveniently skip them if he so choose. 
By means of the chronological introduction of each paragraph 
the reader can discover at a glance whether certain facts which 
he may have come across are stated. At the close of these 
extracts, the facts about the "unit's" marriage are given, and 
these are followed by an account of his children and their de- 
scendants set out in the orthodox genealogical manner. His 
children are indicated by Arabic figures and one indent : his 
grandchildren by Arabics - within - brackets and two indents : 
his great-grandchildren by Roman figures: and so on as 
follows : 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. XXV 



2. > the Children of the unit. 
3- ) 

(0) . 

(2) > the Grandchildren of the unit. 



2 
(3)) 



ii. > the Great-grandchildren of the unit, 
iii. ) 

V) 
(ii) > the Great -great-grandchildren of the unit. 

The surname of descendants has not been given except in cases 
where it is something other than " Gordon ". 

The families treated in this volume illustrate some of the 
leading characteristics that have made the name of Gordon 
famous all over the world. The House of Abergeldie, always 
strong territorially, and still powerful in the regions of its ancestors 
of four centuries ago, gave the world an intrepid soldier in the 
person of Sir Charles Gordon, who, in his thirst for adventure, 
showed the Prussians how to beat the Dutch at Amstelveen, in 
1787 : while his brother, William, distinguished himself at the 
capture of Martinique and endeared himself to the people of 
Barbadoes. The Gordons of Coclarachie were the ancestors of 
Major-General Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul, who began his 
career in the army of Peter the Great, and put his experience to 
such use as a Jacobite leader. The Gordons of Gight, the 
most unruly family that ever reigned in Aberdeenshire, pro- 
duced the man who checkmated Wallenstein, and gave us the 
brilliant Colonel Nathaniel Gordon, of anti-Covenanting fame : 
while they are known universally as the maternal ancestors of 
Byron, who displayed so many of their lawless characteristics 
throughout his life. 



XXVI HOUSE OF GORDON. 

In addition to these monographs, the volume contains some 
very valuable repositories of facts in general about the Gordons. 
First and foremost is the unique Balbithan MS., which is 
printed for the first time. It affords the most minute account of 
the descendants of "Jock" and "Tarn" Gordon, and forms a 
most appropriate set off to a volume which starts with cadets 
and not with main lines. The index to Gordons in the Retours 
and the Services of Heirs supplies another want, for though 
the volumes are to be found in most public libraries they are 
indexed in a very puzzling way, and are not always available to 
the genealogist who is beyond the reach of libraries. Then there 
is an index to the invaluable Poll Book of Aberdeenshire, which 
was compiled in 1696 and printed, with a most inadequate index, 
in 1844. The other indexes tap various sources of information, 
and should prove of assistance in identifying members of the 
House. 

This opening volume is far from exhausting the material 
which has already been brought together. The present writer 
alone has ready for the printer monographs on the Gordons of 
Pitlurg, Cairnburrow, Park, Glenbucket, Auchleuchries, Knockes- 
pock, Rothiemay and the minor septs attaching to the same. He 
has compiled an alphabetically arranged list of Gordons who dis- 
tinguished themselves in every conceivable activity, in every part 
of the world, but whom he is at present unable to assign to the 
particular families to which they belong. Over and above that, he 
has notes, gathered from time to time in conducting systematic 
researches, on no fewer than 369 families who possessed lands ; 
and of those ninety belong to one great branch, the Gordons of 
Lochinvar. Captain Wimberley, the historian of the Gordons 
of Lesmoir and Terpersie, has placed his material, greatly 
enlarged since the publication of his monographs, at the disposal 
of the Club, and this will be printed in the second volume, 



PURPOSE AND METHODS OF THIS BOOK. XXV11 

The justification of the piecemeal method here adopted 
and deliberately advocated has been proved by the fact that 
the announcement that the Club was to deal with the House 
led Rev. Stephen Ree to place at its disposal his admirable 
deduction of the Gordons of Coclarachie. Again, the know- 
ledge that I was interested in the subject led the late Father 

O -' 

William Gordon, Superior of the Brompton Oratory, to give me 
the elaborate notes which he had been compiling for years on 
his family, the Gordons of Kethocksmill, near Aberdeen. These 
I was able to print in Scottish Notes and Queries the very month 
in which he died. But for that publication his work might have 
been lost sight of altogether. The intense interest in the whole 
subject is evidenced by the many communications I have re- 
ceived from all parts of the English-speaking world. The most 
recent came from an American, Mr. John Gordon late of Buenos 
Ayres, who belongs to the Gordons of Holm, cadets of the 
Lochinvars. For years he has been making elaborate (and ex- 
pensive) researches into the history of his line, and he has placed 
all his material at the disposal of the Club. American genealo- 
gists, always keen on origins, have been particularly enthusiastic. 
I am especially indebted to the Hon. Armistead C. Gordon, 
Staunton, Virginia, whose work has disentangled the history of 
the Gordons in Ireland. Mr. Henderson Smith, Edinburgh, has 
come forward with his knowledge of bookplates belonging to the 
family, while scores of other correspondents have plied me with 
letters of inquiry on doubtful points in their pedigree. 

A glance at the skeleton tables of the cadets of the Gordons 
prefixed to the volume will show the wide extent of ground to 
be covered. Indeed the work is so vast that one can well un- 
derstand how it could never be attempted on a definitive basis, 
nor even by preconceived co-operative methods. But there 
is no doubt whatever that it can be ultimately overtaken in a 



XXV111 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

piecemeal way : and, if not completed, much may be done, with 
enthusiasm and industry, to realise the desideratum of centuries. 

The accompanying bibliography, incomplete in itself, indi- 
cates what has already been achieved. The scheme of the Club 
is to focus those spasmodic and tentative efforts, and produce a 
work more or less worthy of the great family, which, under the 
most varied conditions, has distinguished itself all over the world. 

I have to thank many helpers for suggestions, assistance 
and encouragement. In particular, I am indebted to Mr. P. J. 
Anderson, the secretary of the Club ; to the Rev. Stephen 
Ree, who has thrown himself with immense enthusiasm into the 
whole scheme ; to Captain Douglas Wimberley ; and to Mr. 
Murray Rose, whose vast knowledge has always been placed 
at my disposal. Special thanks are due to Mrs. Skelton, who 
undertook the very laborious task of indexing the Poll Book 
and the Services of Heirs, besides making tedious transcriptions 
with rare accuracy for other parts of this volume. 

In conclusion, let me say that the Club will be only too glad 
to hear of any research that has been made, with a view to its 
incorporation in the present scheme. The great difficulty involved 
in devising a plan of operation must be held responsible for the 
blunders and omissions in this opening volume. 



J. M. BULLOCH. 



118 PALL MALL, LONDON, 
October, 1903. 



APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

A SKETCH BIBLIOGRAPHY OF GORDON GENEALOGY. 

THE following list does not pretend to be a complete bibliography of the 
genealogy of the Gordons. Anything approaching dermitiveness would cause 
endless delay : and even then the list would be incomplete. So this biblio- 
graphy is the merest skeleton of the data which I have gathered for years, 
and only the shadow of the material that is available : but it deals with all the 
leading lines both in the north and south of Scotland. The literature of the 
Gordons in the north of Scotland is familiar. The great store-houses of 
information to the north-east of Scotland are the Antiquities of the Shires 
of Aberdeen and 5a^"(Spalding Club, 5 vols., 1843-69) and Lord Huntly's 
Records of Aboyne (New Spalding Club, 1894). The history of the Gordons 
who remained in the south has, as I have noticed in my preface, been more 
neglected, but the prominence of the family may be gauged from the fact 
that in P. H. McKerlie's Lands and Owners in Galloway, 1870-79, there are 
164 entries dealing with Gordons possessing land, and fifty-nine other 
entries giving only Christian names. 

This list has been prepared chiefly on the principle of citing monographs 
on different branches, and of noting books where they are mentioned, but where 
one might not naturally search for them. No attempt has been made to 
include any of the printed public records, for the searcher instinctively turns 
to them for information, which their elaborate indexes readily supply. These 
records are : 

Scots Acts of Parliament (1124-1707). 

Services of Heirs (1545-1799). 

Registrant Magni Sigilli (1306-1651). 

Register of Privy Council (1545-1630). 

Exchequer Rolls (1264-1588). 

Accounts of Lord High Treasurer (1473-1513). 

Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland (1108-1435). 



XXX HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Calendar of State Papers, Scotland (1509-1603). 

Calendar of Scottish Papers (1547-1569). 

Documents illustrative of the history of Scotland (1286-1303). 

Laing Charters (854-1837). 

Scots Testaments (1514-1800). 

Historical MSS. Commission Reports. 

As an example of the richness of these records, I may cite minor 
families of Gordon noted in the Scots Acts of Parliament alone : 

Aberdour (1787-93) ; Achomachy (1698) ; Adiwell (1581) ; Aikenhead ; 
Airtloch (1662-1703); Ardlogie (1639-56); Ardoch (1748-57); Aroquhain 
(1674) ; Arradoull (1663-92) ; Auchinachie (1643-1782) ; Auchinangzie (1573) ; 
Auchincairne (1662) ; Auchindore (1591-1633) ; Auchindoun (1587-1600) ; 
Auchinhalrigg (1724); Auchinhannok (1655-1710); Auchinhove (1678); 
Auchinreith (1647-65); Auchlean (1652); Auchlyne (1714-34); Auchmull 
(1744); Auchmunziel (1745); Auchridie (1702); Auchtirairne (1574); Bac- 
charowe (1690) ; Balcomy (1686-1703) ; Balcraig (1608) ; Balery (1607) ; 
Balgown (1786) ; Ballegorno (1743) ; Ballone (1649) ; Balmade (1673-74) ; 
Balmeg (1648-1794) ; Balmuir (1790) ; Banchory (1740-51) ; Bandane (1607) ; 
Bandloch (1645); Barharrow(i662); Baranrine (1595-1654); Barnfalzie(i662); 
Barnharnie (1690); Barns (1698-1740) ; Barrelmad (1661); Barroch (1662); 
Bellieturey (1649) ; Beoche (1607-16) ; Bermart (1662) ; Birkenbush (1754-70) ; 
Birkinburn (1647); Birness (1751-56); Blackford (1645) ; Blaikat (1548-1634) ; 
Blairmad (1728) ; Boddam (1685-89) ; Boghall (1661) ; Boigs of Darley (1681) ; 
Boytath (1720); Braichlie (1663-1704); Branelane (1669); Brora (1649); 
Buitle (1645-58); Cairstown (Kerston) (1750-99); Camdell (1685-96); Carrell 
(1643-1766) ; Carron (1797); Castraman (1610) ; Chirmers (1656-62) ; Clerkseat 
(1740); Clone (1596); Cloinyard (1687); Cloves (1718); Coldwells (1766-83) ; 
Colholstane (1559); Coliston (1690-1719); Combrie (1665); Corachrie (1622); 
Cowbairdy (1773-82) ; Coyanach (1704-99) ; Crabstoun (1735) ; Crago (1620) ; 
Craigellie (1704) ; Craigieheid (1682) ; Craigmyle (1763) ; Cranach (1689- 
90); Crathienaird (1767); Creiche (1553-1663); Crimonmogate (1685-89); 
Cringlay (1663); Culreoch (1646) ; Cumry (1779) ; Cults (1662) ; Cuffurroch 
(1724); Dallochie (1685-1770) ; Dendeuch (1737); Deskfurd (1556) ; Doil (or 
Doll) (1648-85); Dorlathers (1753); Drumjoy (1648); Drumrash (1773); 
Drumwhyndle (1693-1735) ; Dungeuch (1695); Dundeauch (1682-90); Eaynbo 
(1648); Edintore (1742-63); Enrick (1649); Farnachtie (1737); Fetter- 
angus (1768); Fidderey (1649); Forskan (1713); Gaitley (Gaithy) (1700- 
02); Gallachie (1647); Gararie (1672-1704); Gartie (Garve) (1678-1704); 
Gedgill (1662); Glascoforrest (1574); Glasnick (1649); Glass (1645-46); 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XXXI 

Glassauch (1643-49); Gleanicht ( ); Glencatt (1744); Glendaveny 

(1774); Glenderrick (1734); Glenlady (1662); Glenluce (1610-49); Gordons- 
milne (1639-50); Govell (1704); Greencastle (1776); Grievshop (1778); 
Hallcraig (1706); Railhead (1685-1704) ; Hillhead (1712); Hilton (1735-44); 
Hospidell (1704); Humetoun (1686); Innermarkie (1628-33); Invergordon 
(1766); Invernaver (1667) ; Kegnith (1702) ; Kilgour (1723) ; Killileoch (1697) ; 
Killielour (1657-62); Kinaldie (1740); Kinbo (1664); Kincaldrum (1659); 
Kingoodie (1697); Kingsgrange (1774-77) ; Kinmundy (1704-41) ; Kinnedour 
(1718); Kirkdaill (1628) ; Kirketilbreke (1644); Kirkhill (1694-1708); Kirkland 
(1617-1731); Knarie (1605); Knockgrant (1645); Knockgray (1643-90) > 
Knockreoch (1610); Langdale (1661-63); Langwell (1704); Largmoir (1648- 
1704) ; Laussie (1741); Law (1645-96) ; Little Cocklaw (1766-74); Littleknox 
(1788); Littlemylne (1647) ; Logic (1704-52) ; Lumsdeall (1661-62) ; Makait- 
nay (Mercartney) (1607-62); Midgarthie (1663-67) ; Midmar (1621); Migstrath 
(1690); Mill of Esslemont (1744); Mill of Kincardine (1744-70); Minidow 
(1759); Minybowie (1662); Moy (1649); Mundork (1626) ; Mureick (1645-46); 
Nether Boddom (1698) ; Newbigging (1704) ; Newcoundaw (1647) ; Newhall 
(1764-87); Newmilne (1649); Newtoun (1644); Newtyle (1681-85); ^ver- 
barr (1690-1708); Overhall (1647-1704); Oxhill (1647); Pennyghame (1648); 
Pinkaitland (1690) ; Pittendreich (1645-63) ; Rainieshill (1731) ; Rany (1645) ; 
Rathleif (1678) ; Robertoun (1646-62); Rogart (1667-85); Rothiemurkus 
( ); Rovie (1663-85) ; Sallach (1649) ; Sands (1732) ; Seaton (1690-1704) ; 
Shives (1546-65) ; Skibo (1678) ; Spedoch (1687) ; Strangaslyle (1650) ; 
Strathdoun (1567-1606) ; Swellend (1669); Techmuir (1648-1747) ; Thornbank 
(1661-85); Tilliangus (1567-1663); Tillisoules (1696); Tillythroskie (1639) ; 
Towie (1712); Tulloch (1637-56); Uppat (1649); Waterside (1662); Wet- 
crage (1598) ; Whiteley (1783) ; Whitepark (1612-28) ; Woodhall (1704-46) 5 
Zeochrie (1694). 

In this bibliography I begin with the MS. genealogies, and go on to a 
classified list, arranged alphabetically according to the lands held by them. I 
am deeply indebted to Rev. Stephen Ree for his invaluable help in examining 
several of the MSS. 

I. MANUSCRIPT SOURCES (a) ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. 

Ferrerius MS. Historiae compendium de origine et incremento Gor- 
doniae familiae, Joanne Ferrerio Pedemontano authore, apud Kinlos, 1545, 
fideliter collectum. 

Ferrerius, who was an Italian from Piedmont, was brought in 1528 to Scotland from 
Paris by Robert Reid, afterwards Abbot of Kinloss and Bishop of Orkney, and for 



XXX11 HOUSE OP GORDON. 

some time taught the monks of Kinloss in Morayshire. A notice of him will be 
found in Stuart's Records. of Kinloss (p. xiii.-xxii.). The preface to his history of the 
Gordon family is addressed to George, fourth Earl of Huntly, and is dated at Kin- 
loss, March 30, 1545 ; and in it he says that the history was written at the request 
of the Earl's kinsman and secretary, Mr. William Gordon, who had supplied him 
with an outline in Scots (idiomate vestro) of the family history. He further states 
that he had read the histories and annals of Scottish affairs, except those that were 
written in the vernacular, and that his history is based upon what he found in the 
public chronicles (in publicis historiarum monumentis). William Gordon, the his- 
torian of the house, who made use of a copy of Ferrerius, says : " That History is 
very short and superficial, and comes no further down than the Year 1545 ; it may be 
printed in less than two Sheets of Paper, and so must be very defective, as indeed 
it is." There are several transcripts of the MS. two in the Advocates Library, 
Edinburgh, two in Gordon Castle. The laird of Parkhill owns a fifth. 

Macquair MS. Vera narratio ingentis et miraculi plenae victoriae, 
partae apud Avinum in Scotiae borealibus partibus a Georgia Gordonio 
Huntlaeo et Francisco Haijo Errolio Catholicis principibus contra Archim- 
baldum Cambellum Argadorutn impcratorem 5 Nonas Octobris anno domini 
1594- 

This MS., consisting of twenty folio pages, is now in the Advocates Library, Edin- 
burgh (MS. 33.2.36). The writer was a priest who accompanied Huntly's forces, 
and is said to have been Alexander Macquair, S.J. An English translation, 
slightly abridged in some parts, is given (vol. i., pp. 136-52) in Sir John Graham 
DalyelPs Scotish Poems of the Sixteenth Century (Edinb., 1801). In vol. i., pp. 
255-70, of the Spottiswoode Miscellany (Edinb., 1844), there is printed " Account of 
the Battle of Balrinnes 3d of October, 1594 ". This account is " from a MS. 
formerly belonging to the Rev. Robert Wodrow, now in the Library of the Faculty 
of Advocates," and is founded on the Vera Narratio, though containing some addi. 
tional information. The MS. of the Narratio was probably written previous to 
1629, as the cover of the volume in which it occurs bears that it was presented 
to Camden in that year by Sir Robert Cotton. The hand is early seventeenth 
century. The volume contains the Battle of Balrinnes (ballad) in a different hand. 

Domus Gordon Comes Huntley. 

A genealogical table in the same volume in the Advocates Library as contains the Vera 
Narratio (MS. 33. 2. 36). The descent terminates with the sixth earl, and is 
accompanied by two coats of arms : the Earl of Huntley and the Lord Seaton. 

MS. of circa 1600. 

A MS. of nineteen folio pages, without title or date, is in the possession of Mrs. Elphin- 
stone Dalrymple, of Kinellar Lodge. It is called " a Gordon Pedigree of 1580 " in 
Records of Aboyne, p. vii., but that date is clearly erroneous, as the Battle of Glen- 
livet is unmistakably referred to on page 16. The MS. deals with the Houses 
of Petlurge, Carnburrow, Haddoch, Auchmeinzie, Tilleminnatt and Lesmoir. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XXX111 

MS. of circa 1610. 

A MS. of sixteen pages folio, without title, is in the Advocates Library, Edinburgh 
(MS. 35.5.50). It begins "This George Gordone first Marquis of Huntley suc- 
ceeded his father George the yeir off God ," and ends abruptly with the account 
of the battle between the Macleans and the Macdonalds in 1597. It was written 
in the lifetime of the Marquis, after 1607 and before 1620. 

Alexander Ross's MS. Sutherlandiae Comitum Annales : in quibus 
eornm origo et incrementa, vitae et res hello paceque gestae dilucide explicantur : 
multa quoque notatu digna in regionibus Scotiae vltra Caledonios, a Scrip- 
toribus nostris vel breviter tacta, vel penitus omissa, fusius proponuntur. 
Authore Alexandra Rossaeo Aberdonense Scoto, 1631. 

The original is in Dunrobin. A quarto MS. ("penes Dom. Robertum Sibbald") is 
mentioned in Nicholson's Scottish Historical Library, 1702 (p. 245 f). The " dedica- 
tion bears date from Ross's study at Southampton, August i, 1627. He begins with 
a description of the county, and largely proceeds with the Annals of the Earls to 
1625." In the Advocates Library, Edinburgh, there is a small quarto MS. (34, 6, 18) 
with the title: Gordoniorttm et Soiithirlandorum historia dttobus libris descripta: 
quorum prior Huntileae familiae res gestas a Joanne Ferrerio Pedemontano conscriptas 
complectitur ; posterior vero Southirlandiae comitum originem et incrementa, vitas et 
res bello paceque gestas, in quo multa notatu digna in regionibus Scotiae ultra Cale- 
donios, a scriptoribus nostris vel breviter tacta vel penitus omissa, fusius explicantur. 
Authore Alexandra Rossaeo Aberdonense Scoto. The portion containing the Southir- 
landiae comitum Annales, etc. .extends to eighty-one pages, of which four are blank. 
The dedication begins: Viro stemmatis splendore et virtutibus eximio, D. Roberto 
Gordonio, equiti aurato, Britanniarum regi ex interioris cubiculi familiaribus, 
Alexandri Southirlandiae comitis filio secundo-genito, jam Southirlandiae Tutori, 
et primo Scotiae (ut vocant) Baronetto, Alexander Rossaeus S.P.D., and ends : 
Ex musaeo nostro Southamptoniae primo die Januarii anno millesimo sexcentesimo 
vigesimo sexto. A different but contemporary hand has corrected Januarii into 
Augusti and sexto into septimo, and the same hand (apparently the author's) has 
made frequent corrections throughout the volume. In the dedication Ross states 
that he had the " Annales " ready for publication several years before, but the 
volume had been lost ; that he had now prepared them anew at the request of Sir 
Robert Gordon, and had dedicated them to him for various reasons, but chiefly 
because Sir Robert had not only incited him to write the history, but had also sup- 
plied him with his own observations and collections. Sir William Fraser, in the 
Preface to his Sutherland Book, describes Ross's " Annales " as only an abstract 
in Latin of Sir Robert Gordon's work. It would probably have been better to 
say that Sir Robert Gordon, recognising that Ross had worked up only the mate- 
rial he had supplied, had so freely used Ross's MS. in writing his own history, that 
Ross's " Annales," though written first, serves as an abstract in Latin of Sir Robert's 
work. Sir William Fraser deals not only with the Dunrobin copy of the MS., but 
also with two in the possession of Mr. Gordon of Halmyre (descended from the 
Gordons of Gordonstoun), 



XXXIV HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Funeral procession of the first Marquis of Huntly, 1636. 

An apparently contemporary representation in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland. The painting is on a roll of paper measuring 16 ft. 9 in. in length, by 
8 in. in breadth. The dresses and armorial bearings are of great interest. 

Records of the Regality of Huntly (1640-1744). 

These are preserved in H.M. General Register House, Edinburgh, and the following 
description has been kindly furnished by Dr. Maitland Thomson : 

" i. Deeds, i vol., 20 Oct., 1686 5 Jan., 1734. 

2. Homings and Inhibitions, vol. i., 15 Oct., 1687 14 Apr., 1710. 

3. vol. ii., ii Nov., 1717 ii Jan., 1748. (This volume, though not used till 1717, was 

issued by a Clerk of Session on n July, 1710). 

4. Court Book, 7 Oct., 1697 30 Mar., 1711 (Huntly). 

5. 10 July, 1724 2 Feb., 1739 (Huntly). 

6. 24 Nov. 1721 10 Aug., 1733 (Fochabers and Gordon Castle). 

7. 30 Apr., 1698 25 Aug., 1736 (Badenoch and Lochaber). 

8. Volume of original papers, 19 Mar., 1700 27 Aug., 1744, with a few earlier documents 
(1640 onwards) added at end (Badenoch and Lochaber)." 

Prony MS. 

It will be seen from the Balbithan MS. (59, 60), that there was a " manuscript that goes 
under Proneys name ". The Gordons of Proney were cadets of the Buckie family. 
William Gordon in his History (i., 5) says, " I have an old MS. before me written 
by one, John Gordon, son to George Gordon of Prony ". What has become of the 
Prony MS. nobody knows. It was used by Theodore Gordon in his MS. history 
of the Gordons, and there are copies of fragments of it in the Lyon Office. 



MS. of circa 

The University Library, Aberdeen, possesses a fragment of a quarto MS. account of the 
Gordons. It begins at page 31 and ends abruptly at page 46. This MS. must have 
been used as the basis of some of the Balbithan MS. and is possibly part of the 
Prony MS. 

Delmore MS. A Genealogical Account of the Family of Gordon and 
their Cadets, with a note of their Lives and Fortunes. 

William Gordon of Delmore (fl. 1553-1604), son of Alexander (who was the second son 
of the third Earl of Huntly), is said to have spent his leisure hours in writing a 
history of the Gordons, which about the middle of the eighteenth century was in the 
possession of James Man, a historian resident in Aberdeen. The history, of which 
no trace has since been discovered, is thus described by Man (Gordon's Scots 
Affairs, i., p. xxxii.). " There is little in it but mere genealogy till we come to 1630 ; 
and the rest of it has been engrossed, almost word for word, by Spalding in his 
Memoirs. So there needs nothing more to be said of it, only it goes a little further 
than Spalding into the year 1645." " The whole of it could not have been written 
by William as he did not live so long." (The Cronghly Book, by Capt. G. H. B. 
Gordon, 1895, pp. 59, 60). He was the ancestor of the Gordons of Croughly. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XXXV 

Sir Robert Gordon's Tables, compyled and collected together by the 
great paines and Industrie of Sir Robert Gordon, Knight baronett of Gordon- 
stoun, sone of Alexander Earl of Southerland, copied out of his papers and 
continued be maister Robert Gordone his sone, 1659. 

A folio MS. in Dunrobin Castle containing Genealogical Tables of Huntly, Suther- 
land, Gordonstoun, Ferack, Garty, Lochinvar, Drummoy, Sideray, Enbo, Backies, 
Craighton and Overskibo ; apparently framed by Sir Robert to accompany his Earl- 
dom (cf. p. 104, 1. 7 from foot). A transcript for the use of the Club has been 
kindly supplied by the Rev. J. M. Joass, LL.D., Golspie. 

Straloch MS. Origo et progressus familiae Gordoniorum de Huntly in 
Scotia. 

The author was Robert Gordon of Straloch, the mapmaker, who died 1661. It was 
written in his old age, and William Gordon (History of Gordons, i., p. xxiv.) says that 
Straloch's " old Age and the Situation of his Dwelling hindred him from searching 
into the Registers and publick Records, so that it is in many Things very defective. 
But what we have of it is very well done, and deserves the greatest Credit, for he 
was a Gentleman of the strictest Veracity ". The original is now in Gordon Castle, 
having been presented to the Duke of Gordon in 1773 by John Gordon of Craig ; 
and consists of forty-one pages folio, with forty-nine or fifty lines on the page. On 
blank pages at the end are pasted two small sheets, the one having notes by Mr. 
Robert Burnett of Crimond. the other having notes by Dr. George Middleton, Prin- 
cipal of King's College (1684-1717). James Man (Gordon's Scots Affairs, i.,p. viii.) 
says Straloch's " History of the illustrious Family of the Gordons, which is carried 
down only to the year 1595, is writ in a clear and concise Latin style and very exact 
as to the geography of places, with which he was so well acquainted. I have seen 
the original MS. of this book (which has been composed after 1655, as appears by 
his mentioning Spotswood's and Johnston's Histories, which were not published till 
that year) with the Remarks of Mr. Robert Burnett of Crimond and Dr. George 
Middleton, Principal of the King's College of Aberdeen, upon it. I have likewise 
seen several copies of it." A transcript is in the Advocates Library, Edinburgh, but 
the first leaf is wanting. A transcript is in the possession of the laird of Parkhill ; 
this was copied in 1763 for Rev. Theodore Gordon, and the copy is now in Gordon 
Castle. A transcript (including Principal Middleton's notes) was in the possession 
of Rev. Dr. Woodward, Montrose, and at his death passed into the hands of A. W. 
Macphail, bookseller, Edinburgh, who offered it in December, 1899, for 2 155. and 
subsequently sold it. 

MS. of circa 1670. A genealogie of the name of Gordon with the 
branches and cadets thereof. 

This is a quarto MS. of 12 pages, and is bound up (with copies of the MSS. of 
Ferrerius and Straloch) in a volume now in the possession of the laird of Parkhill. 
It deals with Huntly (to about 1668) and with " Jock " and " Tam ". A copy of 
the part dealing with " the genealogie of Thomas Gordon of Daach," made on a 
foolscap sheet about 1760 for (or by) John Gordon of Craig, is now in the Univer- 
sity Library, Aberdeen. 



\\XV1 liorsi- 0|- (iOKDON. 



Buniet MS. Tlif pout-trait <;./" true loyalty exposed in the Family of 
ic it lion t ititei rnptioti to this present year 1691. with a relation of the 
siege of flu- C./.v//f '/ /',/<':/';////< /;/ the year 1689. 

I In . M i ; is now in Hlairs rollej-.o, near Aberdeen. It is a quarto volume (it VM paR s . 
and has the hook pl.nr .<( tin- Bootl College at Paris. The dedicatory letter, ad- 
dressed " i<> ih< Ui;.;hi IIon.'m.iMe du F.ule <>l Hnntly," extends to four pages (not 
numheinU .nui ionihi.1i--; "My I. .ml, voiu 1 o. inosl humble ;vtld most ohedient 
servant, W. R." William Gordon in his //;*/, v (p. xxiv.) s.i\ - it "wftl written 
(as I am told) by one Mi. Minuet. a Priest of the Romish Church, who lived in 
Scotland in King James VI I. 's Time, and I am sorry I can give no further Account 
of him, only I've been told he was a Mearns Gentleman ". The copy of Gordon's 
History in the University I.I!M.II\. Aberdeen, has the following note in the hand- 
writing of Professor Thomas Gordon : " This author's name was David [Burnet]. 
He studied in the Scots College at Rome from the year 1661 to 1669, when he 
\\.i-- ordained a piicst and came as a missionary to Scotland, where he remained 
for seven years. From 1676 to 1680 he was Prefect of Studies in the Scots College 
of Paris. In 1680 he returned to Scotland and died anno 1695. He was for several 
years Chaplain to the family of Gordon at Gordon Castle, where he was much 
esteemed. This information from Bishop John Geddes. T. G." William Gordon 
desoibes the author as "honest, loyal, and a Man of j;ood 1 earning " ; and savs 
also, " as he continues his History much further than any of the former Authors I 
have mentioned, so he is more exact and full than any of them : yet in many Things, 
even of Moment, he is very defective, and gives but a lame Account of what happened 
to the l-'amily of Gordon in the Time of the Rebellion against Charles I. and II. It 
appears he did never see Sir Robert Gordon's MS. History, nor has he at all looked 
into the Registers or Records, and so behooved to be guilty of many Omissions. 
He seems to have been pretty well acquainted both with the Scots and English 
HI--IIMI.UIS ; hut hciin; an entire Stt.uu;ei to our Ke^isters, has with them fallen into 
a good many chronological Mistakes." Lord Huntly had the use of this MS. in 
preparing his Records of Aboyne (p. vii.). There is a transcript in the Advocate 
I il<i .u \ . Kdinburgh, a small quarto of 62 pages, written about 1750 ; and on the margin 
Of the title page there is this note : " The most part of this MS. is printed in Gordon's 
History of the Family of Gordon ". 

Mackenzie MS. Collections of the most remarkable accounts that relate 
to the families of Scotland. 

This MS., which is in the Advocates Library (34. 3. 19), was begun by Sir Patrick Lyon 
Of Carse (d. 1695 ?) ar >d annotated by Mackenzie. It deals with the supposed 
French origin of the Gordons; the Huntly and the Gordonstoun famih- 

MS. of circa 1700. The abridged history of the antiente and most 
illustrious family of Huntly and Duke Gordone togither with the gencalogic 
and armes blazoned in abrupt lynes. 

Thit it a small quarto volume in Gordon Castle. Its contents are : The names of the 
anthores trom which the history is compyled, i p. The epistle to the reader, 6 pp. 
The Armes (pen and ink), i p. The Armes of that most noble and antient house of 



HIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XXXV11 

Huntlie blazoned in som abrupt lynes, 12 pp. The genealogy of that noble and 
illustrious family of Huntlie or the lyne of the ancestores of Duk Gordone according 
to the best and most exact genealogies and accountes thereofe, 18 pp. The history 
of the most antient and illustrious family of Huntlie or ane account of the trans 
actiones of the ancestoures of Duk Gordone, 197 pp. A table or index of the most 
materiale points contained in this traitaise, 15 pp. The history ends with a brief 
notice of Lewis, the third Marquis. The author's name is not given. This MS. 
is probably that referred to in the following note by the late Mr. C. Elphinstone 
Dalrymple. " Mr. Spottiswood of Spottiswood (then an old man), writing to 
William Gordon of Harperfield in 1781, says : ' I was told by my father's clerk, 
who served him all his life, that he was employed by the old Duke of Gordon, who 
held out the Castle of Edinburgh against King William, and in this cause he had 
occasion to give a history of the family, with which his grace was so pleased that 
he ordered the clerk to make a copy of it to be deposited in his charter kist ; which 
he did, but he had forgot the particulars and the year, which according to my con- 
jecture behoved to have been about the year 1703 or 1704'." 

R. M.'s MS., 1707. Genealogie of the familie of Gordon, collected by 
R. M. Anno. Dom. 1707. 

This MS. is referred to by Joseph Robertson in a footnote (p. 38) to his edition of the 
Diary of Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (Spalding Club). The MS. was then in 
the Skene Library. In 1899 when part of that library was sold, the Duke of Fife 
informed the present writer that he knew nothing of the MS. 

Balbithan MS. 

This unique document is reprinted in the present volume from a copy in the possession 
of Mrs. Charles Elphinstone-Dalrymple, of Kinellar Lodge. It is valuable mainly as 
a guide to the descendants of " Jock " Gordon of Scurdargue. 

Lesmoir MS. Genealogy from father to son of the House of Lesmoir, 
(j.s /'/ was painted on the chimney of the said House, and bears date 1405, 
transcribed therefrom by Dr. Thos. Gordon ofCraigelly. 

It is printed in Captain Wimberley's Memorials of Lesmoir, p. 99. The date 1405 is 
probably a mistake for 1505. The pedigree comes down to the issue of Sir James 
Gordon, XIII. of Lesmoir, but does not give his son George as baronet. As Sir 
James died about 1743, the pedigree must have been made before that date. 

Theodore Gordon's MSS. A Genealogy of the name of Cordon " with 
the branches and cadets thereof agreeable to the preceding histories of 
Straloch and Ferrerius, and likewise to ane old MS. written by John Gordon 
son to George Gordon of Proney, and several other unexceptionable authori- 
ties ". By Theodore Gordon, minister of Kennethmont. 

Rev. Theodore Gordon was the son of William Gordon, Drumbulg, and married Anne 
Gordon, youngest daughter of Professor George Gordon, professor of Hebrew, 
King's College, Aberdeen, a member of Kethocksmill family. Theodore Gordon 
died in 1779. A copy of his work (made by the late Dr. Burnett) is in the Lyon 



XXXV111 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Office, Edinburgh. There is also a copy of the MS. somewhere in Aberdeen, where 
it was copied by the late Rev. William Gordon, superior of the Brompton Oratory. 
He could not remember, however, who lent him the MS. In Gordon Castle 
there is a small quarto volume containing (i) a copy of the Ferrerius MS. ex- 
tending to thirty-one pages ; (2) a copy of the Straloch MS. extending to 160 pages ; 
and (3) continuatio historiae ac series rerum illustrissimae familiae Gordoni- 
orum, extending to forty-three pages and dealing only with the Huntly family to 
1760. There are several marginal notes on (i) and (2), and at the end of (i) there 
is this note : Quae etiam ego transcripsi anno 1763 ac stricturas quasdam in margine 
adjeci. T. G. The volume is not in the handwriting of Professor Thomas Gordon, 
who was the brother-in-law of Theodore, but there is inserted at the beginning of 
the volume the following : 
" Acco 1 Profr Gordon To James Dalgarno D r 

To copying 31 sheets at 2 d per sheet o 5 2 

To 2 Quires of 8d paper 014 



6 6 

OLD ABERDN, 19 Sept., 1751. 

Received payment of the above Accot and the same's hereby discharged by 

JAS. DALGARNO.'' 

From letters in the possession of the late Mr. C. Elphinstone-Dalrymple, it appears 
that Professor Gordon got the above copy made for Rev. Theodore Gordon. In 
Gordon Castle there is another MS. copy (24 pp. folio) of (3) Continuatio, etc., with 
this inscription : " Presented to His Grace the Duke of Gordon by John Gordon of 
Craig, 1781 ". 

Harperfield MS., 1784. Tables of Pedigree of the Family of Gordon in 
Scotland . . . 1057-1784, by William Gordon, of Harperfield, 1784. 

A copy of these tables is in the Advocates Library, Edinburgh, and another was sold at 
Dowell's, Edinburgh, on December 3, 1878, for 4 173. 6d. I have failed to trace 
this copy. The compiler (born 1720) was the fifth son of Dr. John Gordon, of Hilton, 
and brother of Dr. James Gordon of Pitlurg. He was a barrister of the Middle 
Temple, and bought Harperfield in Lanarkshire. He died in 1787 and left Harper- 
field to his nephew, Colonel Thomas Gordon. Several of his tables are printed in 
Wimberley's Gordons of Lesmoir. 

Tilphoudie MS., 1788. 

The family of Tilphoudie is dealt with in a MS. of 1788, of which a copy, filling thirty- 
four folio pages and endorsed by " John Stuart, Gen. Reg. Ho.," Edinburgh, is in 
possession of the New Spalding Club. It goes into details of genealogy in the 
eighteenth century. 

Brydges MS. 

A MS. by Sir Egerton Brydges [1762-1837], bought from the Phillipps collection, is 
in the Advocates Library (6. i. 17). It deals with the Gordons of Embo. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XXXIX 

Deuchar's MSS. " Genealogical Collections relative to the Family of 
Gordon." 

These are mentioned in an editorial note in Notes and Queries for 3oth March, 1867. 
Alexander Deuchar was a seal engraver in Edinburgh. 

Sinclair MS. Memoranda relative to the Families of Gordon and 
Forbes in Mr. Alexander Sinclair's collections now in Crawford Priory 
Library. 

Alexander Sinclair (1794-1877) was the second son of the Right Hon. Sir John Sinclair 
of Ulbster, ist Bart. He was a very learned genealogist and wrote an essay on 
Heirs Male. Col. Robert Boyle writes to me : " Mr. Sinclair made many notes, but 
they are not of much use to others, as they are mostly undated, and give no 
authorities ; and one of his notes is frequently contradicted by another, presumably 
later in date ; but there is no means of knowing which of the two is the first and 
which the revised edition. The notes that I saw were chiefly in the form of frag- 
mentary tables of pedigrees." This is so typical of Gordon genealogy, as I have 
pointed out in my Preface. 

Ronald MS. 

A history of the Gordons in the Cabrach was compiled by William Ronald, M.A. (K.C.), 
1822, schoolmaster of Cabrach. 

I. MANUSCRIPT SOURCES (b) ARRANGED ACCORDING TO OWNERSHIP. 
Abergeldie MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, vL, 712. 

Aboyne MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, ii., 180. To a considerable extent the earlier papers 
have been printed in Lord Huntly's Records of Aboyne, but several old rentals of 
Mar are still in MS. An inventory (MS.) of the muniments is in existence. 

Blairs College MSS. 

The Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, ii., 201, gives the titles of two manuscripts: The 
genealogies of the families of Scotland, collected by Sir George Mackenzie [1636-91], 
His Majesty's Advocate; and An account of various noble Scottish families with 
topographical notes, written in 1728. The college authorities decline, meantime, to 
permit examination of these MSS. See also Burnet MS. (supra). 

Charleton MS. Memoirs of the Origin and Descent of several Branches 
of the Surname of Gordon, 1822. 

Mr. More-Gordon of Charleton, Montrose, tells me that he has " a MS. book written by 
Cosmo Gordon in 1822, containing the history of several families of the name of 
Gordon ". It was given to Mr. More-Gordon's grandfather, Harry Gordon, by 
Cosmo Gordon, Liverpool, who was a cousin. A copy of it is now in possession of 
Miss Jean Anne Gordon, Elgin, daughter of the late Rev. George Gordon, LL.D., 



xl HOUSE OF GORDON. 

minister of Birnie, near Elgin. It is a quarto volume of about 318 pages and deals 
with the ducal Gordons (pages 1-246) and the Beldornie Gordons. 

Dunrobin MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, ii., 177, which refers to an inventory of the papers. See 
also Sir Robert Gordon's Tables and Alexander Ross's MS. (supra). 

Earlston MSS. A Short and Concise Abridgement of the origin of 
the name and illustrious family of Kenmure, with their no less renowned 
descendants. 

This manuscript contains the most elaborate account of the Gordons in the south of 
Scotland that I have come across. It is a folio of 101 pages, written by the fourth 
baronet of Earlston, Sir John Gordon (born 1720 : died 1795), and is divided into 
three main sections. The Kenmure family gets thirty-one pages, the families of 
Airds, Ayton and Earlston thirty-eight ; while the author devotes twenty-nine 
pages to his autobiography, in which he describes at length his experiences as an 
officer in the Scots Brigade in Holland. The manuscript, which is exceedingly 
interesting, if a little prolix, is now in the possession of Sir William Gordon, Bart., 
of Earlston, whom I have to thank very much for his courtesy in allowing me to 
examine it minutely. 

Fyvie MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, v., 644. A number of documents dealing with the 
Fyvie Gordons are in the possession of the Rev. Dr. Milne, Fyvie. 

Gordon Castle MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, i., 114. Selections from these papers were printed in 
1846-49 by the Spalding Club : Miscellany, vols. iii. and iv. A detailed MS. inven- 
tory in Gordon Castle makes the documents accessible. See also Ferrerius's MS. 
and Straloch MS. and MS. of circa, 1700 (supra). 

Gordonstoun MSS. 

" The more important part of the papers at Gordonstoun consists of the correspondence 
of Sir Robert Gordon, of documents which he collected, or which came at a later 
period into the family archives through connections formed by the marriages of his 
descendants. ... A record of the Barony of Gordonstoun is preserved, beginning 
in 1663. . . . The collection is very extensive and miscellaneous, and contains many 
authentic materials for the domestic history of the North of Scotland during the 
seventeenth century" (Dr. John Stuart in Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, vi., 681-88). 
Sir William Gordon-Gumming has courteously granted permission to Mr. Ree to 
examine the enormous (and uninventoried) collection at Gordonstoun. 

Haddo MSS. 

See Hist. MSS. Comm. Report, v., 608. These papers include many charters of the 
lands of Haddo, Kellie, Methlick, Auchtercoull, etc. A portion of the correspond- 
ence was printed in Letters illustrative of public affairs in Scotland, 1681-84 
(Spalding Club, 1851). The papers are being examined by the Rev. James Brebner, 
M.A., with a view to a deduction being contributed to The House of Gordon by the 
Earl of Aberdeen. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. xli 

Pitfour MS. Genealogical Notices of the Gordons of Cairnburrow, 
Rothiemay, Glenbucket, Park, Farskane and others (ten pages}. Compiled 
by James Mitchell, Factor, Pitfour, circa 1830. 

Mitchell was a native of Banff, and entered the service of James Ferguson of Pitfour, 
M.P., as a lad. He was factor from 1789 to 1839, and died about 1840, leaving 
between 3,000 and 4,000 invested at 3^ per cent., the interest being divided 
yearly among the schools in Fetterangus, Longside, Rora, St. Fergus and Banff, 
and a sum of i IDS. every second year amongst " old men and women, widows, 
natives of and residing on the Pitfour estates, who have never been under church 
censure ". There is no date on the MS., but it is written on foolscap, bearing the 
watermark " Wallyfield, 1815 ". Mitchell was apparently keenly interested in local 
history. This volume, which belongs to the Pitfour family, and is now in the hands 
of the assistant factor, Mr. John Fullerton, himself an industrious antiquary, contains 
an account of the Duff family, running into eleven pages : notes of " Tryals " from 
1537-1701 (ninety-six pages) ; copies of documents regarding the liberation of two of 
the domestic servants of Sir John Gordon of Haddo (eight pages) ; facsimile of the 
signatures of the Earls of Huntly (two pages) ; an account of the Abbey of Deer, 
with copies of charters (twenty-six pages) ; copy of tack by William Earl Marischal, 
1699; rental of Marischal's lands in Buchan, 1712; sale of the forfeited estates of 
Marischal, Panmure and others, 1764 ; remarks on the purchase of Marischal's lands 
in Buchan by Ferguson of Pitfour (eighteen pages) ; notes on monuments in the 
Abbey Church of Deer (two pages), and charters by Fergus, Earl of Buchan (seven 
pages). Some of the items have been printed in Scottish Notes and Queries by Mr. 
Fullerton. The MS. deals with the families of Cairnburrow, Rothiemay, Glenbucket, 
Park, Edinglassie, Carnousie, Farskane, Artlock, Balbithan and Edinglassie. 

II. PRINTED SOURCES (forming also an Index to the " Balbithan MS."). 

Aberdeen (Earl of). See Haddo. 

Aberdour. Family of Dingwall-Fordyce ; Jervise's Epitaphs, 56, 57; 
Pratt's Buchan (1901), 305. 

Abergeldie. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 596-97 ; Macfarlane's 
Geneal. Coll., i., 378, 379; ii., 414; Records of A boy ne, 22, 219-26, 227, 
275> 2 78, 3 86 5 2I J Records of Invercauld, 29, 30, 31, 35, 38, 40, 41, 66, 
80, 83, 84, 86, 94, 98, 105, 112, 116, 117, 120, 155, 167, 169, 170, 172, 
173, 176, 180, 182, 183, 186, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 239, 260, 262, 
264, 278, 293, 297, 338, 361, 366, 367, 389, 390, 428, 434, 463, 465, 471, 474. 
Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 161-62 ; also infra under Huntly. 

Aberlour. Forfeited Estates papers in H.M. Register House; Macfar- 
lane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 18; Cramond's Annals of Banff, ii., 191. 

Affleck. Spalding Club Misc., Hi., 127. 

Afton. McKerlie's Lands and Owners in Galloway, iii., 416, 421, 424, 
426 ; Book of Robert Burns, ii., 351, 352. 



xlH HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Aikenhead. See Earlston MS. 

Airds. McKerlie, iii., 67, no, 160, 164, 190, 204, 313, 389, 390, 408, 
412, 414, 416, 418, 423, 424: iv., 54, 73, 78, 282, 298, 302, 305, 318, 408, 
447 ; v., n, 52, 121, 202, 301, 361. 

Altyre. Betham's Baronetage, v., 547-56 ; Burke's Peerage, under 
Gordon-Gumming. Roualeyn George Gordon-Gumming, second son of 2nd 
bart., is sketched in Diet. Nat. Biog. See also Gordonstoun. 

Ardbroylach. Balbithan MS., infra, 57, 61 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. 
Coll., ii., 489. 

Ardestie. Cadet of Gight. 

Ardlogie. Cadet of Gight. 

Ardmachar. Cadet of Gight. 

Ardmeallie. Balbithan MS., 53 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 232 ; ii., 382. 

Ardoch. Chambers's Book of Days, ii., 41, 42 ; People's Journal, March 
i, 1902. 

These articles deal with the two daughters of Adam Gordon, who married successive 
Earls of Kellie : and how they rescued a baby from the sea. 

Ardwell. McKerlie, iii., 19, 21; iv., 261. 

Arradoul. Cramond's Church of Rathv en ; Donean Tourist; Balbithan 
MS., 64; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 386. 

A MS. account of this family in the handwriting of Major-Gen. Gordon on paper water- 
marked 1861 is in possession of Rev. John Allan, Birch Cottage, Elgin. 

Artloch. Balbithan MS., 33, 41, 47. 

Ashludie. Scottish Notes and Queries, May, 1902. Harrow School 
Register, 427, 441. 

Auchanachie. Balbithan MS., 40 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 22, 
60, 188, 446 ; Buchan's Ancient Ballads, ii., 127-9. 

Great confusion arises out of old-fashioned spellings. It is confused with Auchynachy, 
Auchanassie and Auchoynany, all of which are different estates. 

Auchendolly. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 600, 601. 

A curious fact about this estate is that it was given by Miss Gordon of Auchendolly 

to Michael Biddulph, the well-known London banker, because he was connected 

with the Gordons of Abergeldie (see infra, p. 104). 

Auchenreoch. McKerlie, iii., 223; iv., 54, 73, 79, 82, 470; v., 194, 
308-10. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. xliii 

Auchinarrow. Balbithan MS., 67, 68. 

Auchindoir. Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 286 ; ii., 208, 209 ; Macfarlane's 
Geneal. Coll., ii., 25, 31, 37, 222. 

Auchindoun. Balbithan MS., 22, 23 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 
92, 419. 

John and then his brothers, Adam and Patrick, sons of the 4th Earl of Huntly (Records 
of Aboyne, 468-69), were lairds of Auchindoun. Adam is supposed to be the " Edom 
o' Gordon " (of the ballad) who burned Tovvie Castle. 

Auchinhuif. Balbithan MS., 53, 57, 60, 61-63; Macfarlane's Geneal. 
Coll., ii., 15. 

Auchinreath. Balbithan MS., 66 ; Scottish Notes and Queries, ii., v., 14. 

Auchintoul. Balbithan MS., 52, 65 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 235 ; For- 
feited Estates papers in H.M. Register House. 

Auchleuchries. 

The interest of this family centres in General Patrick Gordon of Peter the Great's army, 
who left a very valuable diary, published in German under the title of Tagebuch 
des Generals Patrick Gordon [1655-1669], by Obolenski and Posselt ; vol. i., 
Moscow, 1849; vols. ii. and iii., St. Petersburg, 1851, 1853, 8vo. A summary of 
this book was published by the Spalding Club in 1859, edited by Joseph Robertson, 
under the title of Passages from the Diary of General Patrick Gordon, 410, pp. 244. 
This edition contains an appendix dealing, from the documentary point of view, 
with the family of Auchleuchries : Patrick Gordon, by Alexander Brueckner, St. 
Petersburg, 1878 (pp. 184 : in Russian). See also " The Last of a Long Line : the 
Decay of the Gordons of Auchleuchries," by J. M. Bulloch, Aberdeen Free Press, 
April 6 and 13, 1901. Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 313. Temple's Thanage of Fermartyn, 
p. 309. Pratt's Buchan (1901), 450. Notes and Queries, 2, ii., 344; iii., 118. 

Auchlync. Balbithan MS., 47, 48. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Auchmenzie. Theodore Gordon MS. ; Balbithan MS., 50 ; Macfar- 
lane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 238. 

Auchmull. Balbithan MS., 40. 

Auchnastink. Balbithan MS., 67. 

Auchoynany. Balbithan MS., 36, 39, 47. 

Auchterarne. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Auchynachie (or Auchindachy). Balbithan MS., 49. 

Avochie. Balbithan MS., 32, 39, 40 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 232 ; ii., 
382, 383 ; Burke's Landed Gentry (1898). i., 597, 598 ; and under Forbes-Gordon. 



xliv HOUSE oF GORDON. 

Backieleys. Balbithan MS., 52. 

Backies. See Sir R. Gordon's MS. Tables (supra). 

Bad. Cadet of Avochie. 

Badenscoth. Balbithan MS., 37, 46, 47, 48 ; Temple's Fermartyn, 
103-5. Pratt's Biichan (1901), 387. See also under Lesmoir. 

Balbithan. Balbithan MS., 139 ; Temple's Fermartyn, 350. 

Balcomie. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Balmad. Cramond's Annals of Banff, ii., 253, 254, 267, 322. 

Balmaghie. Burke's Landed Gentry, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th editions ; 
McKerlie, iii., 106, 112. See under Portugal. 

Balmuir. Cadet of Auchleuchries and Nethermuir. 
Banchory. Balbithan MS., 51. 

Bar. McKerlie, iii., 191, 313, 408; iv., 14, 19, 27, 59, 75, 263, 282, 293, 
32, 33> 3 22 3 2 7 345- 

Barharrow. McKerlie, iii., 223; v., 173, 309. 

Barnbarroch. McKerlie, iii., 17, 220, 348, 349 ; iv., 55, 115. 

Barnes. Cadet of Lesmoir; Balbithan MS., 47. 

Barrack. Pratt's Buchan (1901), 189. 

Barskeoch. McKerlie, iv., 78-80, 97, 99, 447 ; v., 310, 312, 313. 

Belcherrie. Balbithan MS., 31, 32, 42, 65. 

Beldornie. Balbithan MS., n, 12, 57, 65 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., 
i., 237 ; ii., 47, 414. See also Charleton M.S. (supra). 

Bellabeg. Balbithan MS., 42, 43. 

Binhall. Scottish Notes and Queries, Feb., 1901 ; May, 1902. 

Birkenburn. Balbithan MS., 33, 43, 45, 46, 49 ; Pedigree of the Gordons 
of Birkenburn, Cadets of Lesmoir (a single sheet folding genealogical table 
by Captain Wimberley in 1898); Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 165, 360. 

Birkenbush. Add. MSS., Brit. Museum, 28, 231 f. 176; 28, 235 ff. 
187, 193. 

Birkhall. Cadet of Abergeldie. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. xlv 

Birsemoir. Balbithan MS., 21 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 246, 
248 ; ii., 69, 83. Patrick Gordon, Governor of Pennsylvania, belonged to 
this family, Burke's Commoners, iv., 9. 

Blaiket. McKerlie, iii., 372, 394; iv., 75 ; v., 300, 301. 

Blelack. Balbithan MS., 42, 43 ; Michie's Logie-Coldstone ; Jervise's 
Epitaphs, i., 275. 

Bochrom. Balbithan MS., 67. 

Bogardie. Balbithan MS., 43. 

Boghole. Balbithan MS., 45. See also Crichie. 

BoigS. Balbithan MS., 31, 63, 64. 

Bonnyton (Ayrshire). Cadet of Nethermuir. 

Botarie. See under Pitlurg; Balbithan MS., 28, 30. 

Bountie. Balbithan MS., 51. 

Bovaglie. 

This family, farmers on the estate of Abergeldie, are said to be cadets of Hallhead. 
Mr. D. S. R. Gordon has a MS. account of this family. 

Braco. Balbithan MS., p. 54, 55 ; Scottish Notes and Queries, 2, i., 
28; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 19, 21. 

This family was dealt with by J. M. Bulloch in two articles, " How the Queen might 
have had no Birthday," Aberdeen Free Press, May 24 and 25, 1899. 

Braickley. Balbithan MS., 47, 64; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 377, 
379; iii., 252 ; Taylor's Braernar Highlands, 160-64 ; Michie's Deeside Guide ; 
Records of Invercauld, 35-43, 73, 251, 254, 278, 285, 356, 357, 475. "The 
murder of the Baron of Brackley (1666)," in the Aberdeen Free Press, Nov. 
19 and 22, 1901 ; London Mag. (1824), ix., 355-6. 

The " Ballad of the Baron of Brackley " will be found in nearly all ballad collections, 
notably Buchan's Gleanings of Scotch . . . scarce old ballads, pp. 68-70. 

Broadland. Balbithan MS., 44. 

Buckle. Balbithan MS., 28, 56-59, 65; Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, i., 
175 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 281, 282, 346. 

Buthlaw. Temple's Fermartyn, 272-75 and 476, 477; Burke's Landed 
Gentry (1898), i., 601, 602. 

The most distinguished member of this family was Thomas Gordon of Cairness (1788- 
1841), major-general in the Greek army, son of Charles VII. of Buthlaw. He is 



xlvi HOUSE OF GORDON. 

dealt with by Mr. Gordon Goodwin in the Dictionary of National Biography. 
Reference may also be made to the general's History of the Greek Revolution (pub- 
lished by Blackwood), 2 vols., 8vo, 1832. 

Cairn ban noch. Balbithan MS., 15. 

Cairnbulg. Burke's Landed Gentry, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th editions ; 
Pratt's Buchan (1901), 241, 245, 248; Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 58. 

Cairnburrow. Temple's Thanage, 220-25 ; Balbithan MS., 30, 32-38, 
45, 57, 58, 59, 62 ; see Pitfour MS., supra ; see also under Park ; Macfarlane's 
Geneal. Coll., ii., 3, 8, 64, 237, 238, 421, 490. 

Cairness. Cadet of Buthlaw. 

Gairnfield. Balbithan MS., 65 ; Burke, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and gth 
editions; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 275. 

Cairn whelp. Balbithan MS., 15, 36, 40. 

Campbelton. McKerlie, iii., 52, 220, 228, 248, 373, 496 ; iv., 119, 120, 
289 ; v., 202, 205, 209, 278, 279, 304. 

Cardoness. McKerlie, iii., 7, 15, 18 to 24, 57, 209 ; iv., 448. 
Garleton. McKerlie, iii., 190-95, 210, 314, 408, 417, 423 ; iv., 76, 100, 
29 1 * 33> 3 22 > 480, 481. 

Carnousie. Balbithan MS., 36, 38 ; Pitfour MS. (supra). 
Carroll. 

Anne, the daughter of Joseph Gordon, W.S., of Carroll, married Sir William Siemens, 
and a good deal about the Carroll family will be found in Pole's Life of Sir William 
Siemens, 1888. The will of Joseph Gordon, sometime of Jamaica and lately of 
Navidale, and brother of John Gordon of Carroll, is a lengthy document in the 
Edinburgh Commissariat Testaments, cxxxi., part 2. 

Chapeltown. Balbithan MS., 54 ; Temple's Fermartyn, 284, 285 ; 
Family of Leslie, iii., 317. 

Lord Brougham's great-grandmother was a member of this family. 

Clashtirum. Scottish Notes and Queries, May, 1902 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, 
i., 274, 278. 

James Gordon, a distinguished prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who became vicar 
apostolic of Scotland, belonged to this family. He is dealt with in the Dictionary 
of National Biography. 

Clethins. Balbithan MS., 49. 
Cloves. Cadet of Lesmoir. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. xlvii 

Cluny. Balbithan MS., 19-22, 62 ; Records of A boy ne, 229-36 ; G. E. 
C.'s Complete Baronetage, ii., 297; Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 48, 127, 129-32; 
Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 258 ; ii., 27, 28, 62, 447. 

Patrick Gordon the author of Britane's Distemper (Spalding Club), belonged to the Cluny 
family. See also Hartpury, Burke's Landed Gentry, 4th 5th and 6th editions. 

Clunymore. Balbithan MS., 67. 

Cobairdy. Gen. Acct. of James Young, etc., p. 139. Cadet oFPark. 

Cochlarachie. Balbithan MS., 51-53; Temple's Fermartyn, 276-79; 
Records of A boy ne 167-70. See Mr. Ree's deduction in the present volume. 

Coldwells. Mair's Presbytery of Ellon, 190; Pratt's Buchan (1901), 
433- 434- 

To this family belonged John Gordon, Bishop of Galloway (1644-1726), described in 
the Diet. Nat. Biog. ; and Col. Fabian Gordon of the Polish Cavalry, fl. 1783 
(Services of Heirs). 

Collieston. Cadet of Pitlurg. 

Collithie. Balbithan MS., 36, 51. 
Comray. Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 258, 259. 
GontlyBalbithtin MS., 66, 67. 
Cormellat. Balbithan MS., 32, 41, 59. 
Corrachree. Balbithan MS., 50. 
Cotton. Balbithan MS., 20, 21. 

Captain John Gordon, of the Swedish army, belonged to this family. See Deeds of 
Montrose, 283-85. 

Goynachie. Cadet of Birkenburn. 

Gracullie (or Craigtullie). Balbithan MS., 20, 42, 43, 61, 62, 64. 

Craibstone. Balbithan MS., ii, 37. 

Craichlaw. McKerlie, iii., 46, 296, 297, 315 ; iv., 54, 245 ; Scottish 
Nation, ii., 322. 

Craig. Balbithan MS., 49-5 1, 52 ; Harperfield MS. ; Jervise's Epitaphs, 
ii., 208, 209 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 247. 

Craigston. Balbithan MS., 33. 

Crichie. Cadet of Lesmoir; Balbithan MS., 43, 45. 

James Gordon, Jesuit priest, of this family, is sketched in the Diet. Nat- Blog. 



xlviii HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Crogo. McKerlie, iii., 82, 95, 96, 303. 

Ooughly. The Croughly Book, complied by Captain George Huntly 
Blair Gordon, R.E. ; edited by J. Percy Gordon, and printed by subscription 
for private circulation, 1895, 8vo, 103 pp. 

The family of Croughly in the parish of Kirkmichael are descended from Alexander, 3rd 
Earl of Huntly (died 1524). This pamphlet, which opens somewhat cynically in 
sketching the decay of the power of the Gordons, gives a very complete record of 
the later members of the Gordons of Croughly, who have been distinguished as a 
Service family, the most notable active member being General Redmond Gordon of 
the 15th Hussars, a brilliant cavalry leader in the South African War of 1899-1901. 
The author of the book, Capt. G. H. B. Gordon, R.E. (born 1857), succumbed to 
pneumonia, Nov. 18, 1897. He was the great-grandson of James Gordon of 
Croughly (1726-1818). He collected a good deal of matter on other branches of the 
Gordons. It is still in MS. (in the possession of Rev. Andrew Meldrum, Logierait), 
but is not of great value. The editor was his cousin, John Percy Gordon (born 
1840), a solicitor in London. See also Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 70. 

Culdrain. Cadet of Birkenburn. 

Cullindoch. McKerlie, iii., 16, 17; iv., 271, 282-90; v., 205, 278. 

Cults. Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 322, 323 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 
379- 

Culvennan. Burke's Commoners, iii., 610 ; Landed Gentry, 2nd, 3rd, 
4th, 5th, 6th editions; McKerlie, iii., 276, 365, 367, 395, 396; iv., 132, 266, 
277 ; v., 94, 133, 255 ; Scottish Nation, ii., 322. 

Cushnie. See Hallhead. 

Dallachy. Cramond's Annals of Banff, ii., 323. 

Dalmore. Balbithan MS., 68. 

Dalpholly. This family held a baronetcy created 1704. Rev. Sir Adam 
(died 1817) is biographed in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 87, p. 556. 

Davoch (or Daach). Balbithan MS., 66-68 ; Scottish Notes and Queries, 
May, 1902. 

Delamont (Co. Down). See Florida. 
Deskie. Balbithan MS., 65. 
Deuchries. Balbithan MS., 55. 
Dilspro. Balbithan MS., 43. 
Dorlathers. Balbithan MS., 52. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. xlix 

Drimnin. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 601. 

This family, which has remained Roman Catholic, is a branch of the Minmore line, and 
that in turn of the Knockespock. The present Roman Catholic Bishop of Jamaica 
is a brother of the present laird of Drimnin. See Medical Directory, 1903. 

Drumbulg. Balbithan MS., 43, 45, 59, 60. 
Drumearn. 

Edward Strathearn Gordon, a Lord of Appeal, was created Baron Gordon of Drumearn, 
1876. The peerage became extinct 1879 (see G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage, iv., 53), 
but his issue will be found in the peerages since 1897, when a royal decree granted 
the courtesy title of Honourable to the children, of both present and deceased life 
peers. Lord Gordon was the son of Major John Gordon, 2nd Queen's Regiment, 
who was the son of Adam Gordon, of Griamacharry, Kildonan (1750-1831), beyond 
whom the family cannot be traced. Sir Thomas Edward Gordon (see Debrett's 
Knightage, 1902) is the son of Captain William Gordon, who was a son of this Adam. 
Lord Gordon's daughter Ella married Gen. Sir John James Hood Gordon. 

Drumhead. Balbithan MS., 40. 
Drumhill. Balbithan MS., 67. 
Drumin. Balbithan MS., 57, 58, 59. 
Drummoy. Balbithan MS., 12, 13, 32. 
Drummuir. Cadet of Park. 
Drumwhindle. Balbithan MS., 37, 41. 
Drymies. Balbithan MS., 50. 
Dunkinty. Balbithan MS., 23, 24. 

Earlston. The family, created baronets 1706, is described in all 
the baronetages, notably Burke and Debrett. See McKerlie, iii., 30, 85, 98, 
145, 181, 1916, 195, 197, 229, 297, 307, 308, 314, 318, 321, 367, 387, 399, 
4146, 427, 429, 435, 436, 438, 440, 441, 443; iv., 26, 61, 62, 63, 66, 76, 78, 
80, 100, 282, 291, 302, 306, 318, 480, 481 ; v., 37, 43, 60, 121, 198, 300, 301 ; 
Scottish Nation, ii., 325; Records of the Corrie Family, A.D. 802-1899, by 
J[essie] E. Corrie; London: Mitchell & Hughes, 1899; vol. i., 109-129. 
Miss Corrie's book includes pictures of Earlston Castle, the arms of the Earlston 
family ; of Sir William Gordon of Afton, brother of Sir Alexander Gordon of Earls- 
ton ; and of the oak cabinet carved in captivity by John Gordon of Earlston. The 
connection between the families is clearly stated in a pedigree by Miss Corrie, 
printed on one sheet (57 inches by 30 inches), entitled Genealogical Table of the 
Houses of Gordon, Corrie and Goldie, published 1897. The Earlston family, 
who were zealous Protestants, figure very largely in Covenanting literature. 
In the Dictonary of National Biography there will be found good summaries of 
the line of Alexander Gordon (1587-1654), of his second son, William (1614-1679), 
and of the latter's son, Sir Alexander (1650-1720), all by Mr. Henry Paton. 



1 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Edinglassie. Balbithan MS., 33, 36, 38. 

Edintore. See Memoir of Dr. John Gordon by Daniel Ellis, F.R.S.E. 
(Edin. 1823). 

Edinvillie. Balbithan MS., 58. 

Ellon. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 602 ; Temple's Fermartyn, 
502, 503 ; Chambers's Domestic Annals, iii., 422 (for the murder of two sons) ; 
Times, June 9, 1873 (for the declaration of marriage by George John Robert 
Gordon a very strange case) ; Seven Gardens, by E. V. B., 1900 ; Sutherland 
Edward's Life of Sir William White, 75; Mary Boyle, 176, 177; Aberdeen 
Free Press, Feb. 17, 1903; Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 121. 

Embo. The Gordons of Embo, created baronets in 1631, will be 
found in any baronetage, notably G. E. C.'s, ii., 392 ; Scottish Nation, ii., 
324; Burke's Royal Descents, 116. See Sir R. Gordon's MS. Tables; 
Brydges M.S., supra. 

Enniskillen. See Notes and Queries, 2, x., 90. 

Essie. Balbithan MS., 57, 63. See also Scurdargue. 

Esslemont. See Hallhead. 

Farskane. Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 274. Cadet of Cairnburrow. 

Panmure Gordon, a well-known London stockbroker (died Sept. i, 1902), belonged to 
this family. J. M. Bulloch has in his possession a volume compiled of numerous 
cuttings about his curious career, and containing catalogues of his extraordinary 
collections. 

Fechil. Temple's Fermartyn, 504-6 ; Gen. Acct. of James Young, etc., 
p. 226. Cadet of Pitlurg. 

Ferack. See Sir R. Gordon's MS. Tables, supra. 
Fernachty. Balbithan MS., 33. 
Fetterangus. Cadet of Lesmoir. 
Fetterletter. Balbithan MS., 15, 53, 54. 

Florida (Co. Down). Burke's Commoners, iv., 376 ; Landed Gentry, 
9th edition, ii., supra 172, 173: Dartmouth Papers, Hist. MSS. Com. 

Sir Lionel Smith, Bart, (created 1838), married as his second wife (in 1819), Isabella 
Curwen, youngest daughter of Eldred Curwen Pottinger of Mount Pottinger by 
his wife Anne, daughter of Robert Gordon of Florida ; and his son Lionel (and 
bart. , born 1833) assumed the additional name of Gordon in 1868. James Bentley 
Gordon (1750-1819), historian, and George Gordon (1806-79), horticultural writer, 
both of Irish birth, are described in the Diet. Nat. Biog. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. H 

Fulziemont. Balbithan MS., 42, 50. 

Fyvie. Temple's Fermartyn, 28-31, 45, 46; Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 29, 
124 ; Burke's Visitations, and series, i., 10-12. See also FyYie MSS. (supra) ; 
the Gordons, baronets of Halkin, in any Baronetage. 

Garie. Balbithan MS., 44. 

Garty. Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 420. See Sir R. Gordon's MS. 
Tables, supra. 

Gight. Temple's Fermartyn 72-78 ; Methlick, Haddo House, Gight 
and the Valley of the Ythan, 67-79 ; Lord Huntly's Records of A boy ne, 53-56 ; 
also deduction in the present volume. 

Glascoforest. Cadet of Lesmoir. 
Glassaugh. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Glen. McKerlie, iii., 5, 33, 34, 74, 89, 159, 179, 219, 313, 334, 348, 382, 
437, 488, 501, 502 ; iv., 54, 55, 92, 253, 281, 285, 290, 291, 302, 434 ; v., 194, 
197^ 202, 204, 209, 292, 294, 313. 

Glenbucket. Balbithan MS., 36, 37, 38 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 69 ; 
Allardyce's Historical Papers of the Jacobite Period (1895-96,) ; 288, 310, 353, 
354. 355' 37 2 > 39 1 . 397. 39 8 and 545- See also Pitfour MS. and under 
Knockespock. 

John Gordon, the famous Jacobite leader, held these estates, which have been owned by 
several branches of the Gordons. The editor has prepared a lengthy deduction. 

Glencat. 

This family produced a notorious swindler whose career is detailed in two pamphlets 
entitled Memoirs of John Gordon of Glencat, " who was thirteen years in the Scotch 
College at Paris, wherein the absurdities and delusions of Popery are laid open," 
i2mo, 1733. The Masterpiece of Imposture, " or the adventures of John Gordon 
and the Countess of Gordon, alias Countess Dalco, alias Madame Dallas, alias 
Madame Kempster, containing the reality of an history and the amusement of a 
romance ; being an answer to the late Memoirs of the said John Gordon of Glencat. 
Done with authentick account by Elizabeth Harding : London, printed for the 
author," 8vo, 1734. 

Glendaveny. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Glengarack. Balbithan MS., 63. Presbytery Book of Strathbogie. 

Glenluce. C. A. Gordon's Concise History of the Gordons (1890), pp. 
125-30. 

Rev. Robert Gordon, the last of the Non-juring Bishops, belonged to this family. See 
Lathbury's History of the Non-Jurors and The Jacobite Lairds ofGask. 



lii HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Gollachie. Balbithan MS., 33. 

Golspitur. See Pitcairns Criminal Trials, iii., 231 ; Balbithan 
MS., 13. 

Gordon, Parish of. See Old Stat. Acct., v., 88 ; New Stat.Acct., ii., 33 ; 
Chalmers's Caledonia (ed. of 1888), iii., 385. 

Gordonbank. See Nisbet's System of Heraldry (1804), vol. ii., Appx., 
p. 220. See under Portugal. 

Gordonstoun. See Eraser's Sutherland Book ; Douglas's Baronage, 
p. 2 ; G. E. C.'s Complete Baronetage, ii., p. 277 ; Foster's Members of Parlia- 
ment : Scotland; also Sir R. Gordon's MS. Tables, Gordonstoun MSS., supra. 

Grange. McKerlie, -iii., 111-277 5 i y -> 2 3 6 > 2 37> 2 99 5 v -> *95> 2 9 2 > 3 6 
37- 

Greenlaw. Cadet of Kenmure. Also McKerlie, iii., 146, 365-68, 395, 
423, 507 ; iv., 62, 66, 68, 69, 207, 235, 266 ; v., 61, 119, 232 and 387. 

Haddo. Balbithan MS. ,53-56 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 23-25 ; Macfarlane's 
Geneal. Coll., i., 138 ; ii., 23, 37, 48, 235, 240, 482 ; Temple's Fermartyn, 1-16 ; 
Methlick, Haddo House, Gight and the Valley of the Ythan, 53-64 ; the 
Gordon letters, Spalding Club Misc., vol. iii. ; G. E. C.'s Complete Baronet- 
age, ii., 451. "A Gordon Vendetta of Last Century: how [the 2nd] Lord 
Aberdeen's son [Hon. Cosmo Gordon] killed an officer in a duel," by J. M. 
Bulloch, Aberdeen Free Press, Feb. 27, 1899 ; " Waterloo Day : the price 
that the North paid for the victory [by the death of Sir Alexander Gordon, 
grandson of the 3rd Earl of Aberdeen]," by J. M. Bulloch, in the Aberdeen 
Free Press, June 17, 1899. The ennobled Gordons of Haddo, Lord 
Aberdeen's family, are described in all the peerages of course. Case on behalf 
of the Rt. Hon. John Campbell, Earl of Aberdeen in the Peerage of Scotland, 
claiming a writ of summons to Parliament as Viscount Gordon of Aberdeen, 
in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1872, 121 pp. Minutes of Evidence 
Taken before the Committee for Privileges to whom was referred the petition 
of the Rt. Hon. John Campbell, etc., 1872, 81 pp. (The official account of the 
death of the sailor Earl.) Baron Stanmore (created 1893), son of 4th Earl 
of Aberdeen, belongs to the Haddo family. 

Haffleld. Burke's Commoners, ii., 219; Landed Gentry, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 
5th and 6th editions. Cadet of Abergeldie. 

Halkin. Cadet of FyYie. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Hii 

Hallhead. Balbithan MS., 17 ; Temple's Thanage, 512-17 ; Records of 
Aboyne, 27; Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 599; Scottish Notes and 
Queries, March and May, 1898; Pratt's Buchan (1901); 435, 438. See also 
Gordon-Gilmour, Burke's Landed Gentry (1898) i., 585. 

Adam Lindsay Gordon (1833-70), the Australian poet, belonged to this family. See 
Diet. Nat. Biog : A. Patchett Martin's Beginnings of an Australian Literature : 
Walbrook's Life, 1891 : Percy F. Rowland's New Nation, 1903. 

Hallheaths. Cadet of Kenmure. 
Harperfield. Cadet of Pitlurg. 

Hartpury. Family name Gordon-Canning, descended from the Cluny 
Gordons. See Burke's Landed Gentry (gth edition), i., 233, 234. 

Holm. McKerlie, iii., 19, 746, 77, 82, 83, 89, 90, 93, 109 ; iv., 53, 86, 
300, 306, 307, 342, 440 ; v., 195. 

Mr. John Gordon, 22 South Audley Street, London, has made large collections on the 
history of this family and has placed his material at the disposal of the Club. 

Huntly. 

It is a curious fact that this family, the Gordons of Huntly, both in the main and ducal 
line, and in the matter of its cadets, should have had more attention paid to them 
than any other branches of the House of Gordon. This is all the more strange in 
that they were not of pure Gordon blood. They were " Seton Gordons," a term that 
has been used (one recalls Mrs. Byron's reference), and is still sometimes spoken of 
with a touch of contempt. And yet nearly all the printed histories and most of the 
manuscripts devote themselves to this line as if it summed up the family. I have, 
therefore, included under the title of " Huntly " those books which really deal with 
this line, under the guise of histories of the whole race. 

Genealogie de I'illustre et ancienne maison de haut et puissant prince 
Mylord Due de Gourdon, Marquis de Huntly, Comte d'Ainzie, Seigneur 
de provinces de Badenots et Lokaber, Baron de Stradoun, d'Achindoun, de 
Strabolgy, etc., Pair d'Escosse, descendant par les Rois d'Escosse, des Rois 
d'Angleterre, des Rois de France et d'autres Princes Souverains. [Circa 
1700]. 

A folio volume of six pages printed on parchment and now in Gordon Castle. In the 
same volume there is a MS. translation into English made by Archibald Anderson, 
library keeper at Gordon Castle, in 1748, followed by a continuation of the genealogy 
to 1748, and by a " short account of the principal transactions during the time of 
Alexander, second of that name and fourth Duke of Gordon," beginning in 1758 and 
ending abruptly in 1765. This volume is referred to on p. 61, of C. A. Gordon's 
Concise History. A MS. copy of the genealogy in French is mentioned in Nichol- 
son's Scottish Historical Library, 1702, as being then penes Dom. Robertum Sibbald. 

The History of the Ancient, Noble and Illustrious Family of Gordon, 



Hv HOUSE OF GORDON. 

from their first arrival in Scotland in Malcolm III.'s time to the year 1690 ; 
together with the history of the most remarkable transactions in Scotland from 
the beginning of Robert I., his reign, to the year 1690, containing the space of 
400 years : all faithfully collected from ancient and modern Scots and foreign 
historians, manuscripts, records and registers of this nation. In two volumes. 
By Mr. William Gordon, of Old Aberdeen. Edinburgh : printed by Mr. 
Thomas Ruddiman, for the author, 1726-27. 8vo. Vol. i., pp. xxxi., 440 ; vol. 
ii., pp. viii., 624. 

This is an account of the Gordons told in the terms of the general history of Scotland. 
In his Preface to the second vol. he says " I have already, in the Introduction to 
the First Volume, accounted for the motives that induced me to publish this History, 
and the Authors from whom I collected it. In that Introduction I promised to 
bring down the History of the Nation, with that of the Family of Gordon, to the 
year 1689 ; but the many and various Accidents that happened during the Rebellion 
in King Charles I. 's Time having swell'd this Volume to a greater Bulk than is 
proper for an Octavo Book, I was forced to break it off abruptly at the martyrdom of 
that most excellent Prince, and confine myself to the History of the Family of Gordon." 
Next to nothing is known about the author save that he was a student at Marischal 
College, 1694-98. In his History (ii., 405), he says: " I shall give an account of 
it [the taking of Kelly in 1644], as I had it from an uncle of my own, Gilbert Keith 
of Caldhome, who was there with his chief the Earl Marischal, and other gentlemen 
who were present". Scott (Fasti Eccles. Scot., iii., 589), says that William Gordon 
minister of Kintore, 1679 to 1695 (ejected), and died 1697) married Janet Keith, 
and had two sons Alexander and James, and two daughters Catherine (married 
Mr. Rob. Keith, min. of Ballantrae) and Anna. Munro's Old Abdn. (i., 280), shows 
that in 1702 " Mr. Wm. Gordon, merchant burgess of Aberdeen, sone to Mr. 
Wm. G., min. at Kintore," was admitted a burgess of Old Aberdeen. Thus the 
min. of Kintore had at least one son more than those mentioned in Scott's Fasti. 
May not the Mr. Wm. Gordon, burgess of Old Aberdeen, in 1702, whose mother 
was Janet Keith, be the historian, " Mr. William Gordon of Old Aberdeen," whose 
uncle was Gilbert Keith ? Gordon's book is not very useful, but it is rising in price. 
Wodrow in a letter to Dr. James Fraser dated Aug. 27, 1728 (Analectci Scotica, i., 3, 20-1) 
says: " I am told Mr. Gordon of Aberdeen, who was at Sheriffmuir and who hath 
lately published the History of the Gordons designes an answer to my book. If he 
support what he sayes by no better vouchers, and breath the same bitter and violent 
spirit of slavery, that in my opinion is pretty plain in his History of the Gordons, I 
imagine, if I live to see his book, I shall notice it as little as I have done the pelts I 
have got from some Jacobite and high-flying writers on the other side." 

A concise history of the Antient and Illustrious House of Gordon, from 
the origin of the name to the present time : together with an account of the 
pedigree of his grace the Duke of Gordon and of the Right Honourable the 
Earl of Aboyne, and the Lord Andrew, Count Gordon, nearest collateral 
branches of the illustrious family ; all faithfully collected from Scotch and 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Iv 

Foreign historians, manuscripts, records and registers. By C [harles] A. 
Gordon. Aberdeen: printed for the author, 1754. 8vo. Pp. xi., 320. It 
was reprinted by D. Wyllie & Son in 1890 (8vo ; pp. xi., 155): edited by 
A. M. Munro. 

Nothing is known of the author of this book (which is mainly a condensation of 
William Gordon's work) except his own statement that he was " a stranger in 
this country ". 

Surgundo. Edinburgh : Thomas G. Stevenson, 1837. 

This metrical history of the Gordons written in some 2000 doggerel couplets is really 
entitled The Valiant Christian, and was edited by Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, who 
printed fifty copies in 1837 as a quarto of 69 pp. The original is in the Advocates 
Library, Edinburgh. There is no vestige of the author's name ; but at the bottom 
of the first page is this memorandum : " Lent by Patrick Gordon of Bonhall 
[Binhall ?] to Glenbucket " ; and on the blank page at the end : " John Gordon of 
Glenbucket ". Its argument runs : 

" The Authores Proheme poyntes at his sadde fate. 

Gordone Duke Raymore [Moray] killes, vhich breids debate. 

The Gentilles rysse in armes, and him assealles ; 

Chrystes lawe he doeth professe, and stille preveilles." 

The names of persons and places in the poem are written as anagrams. Thus Aber- 
geldie appears as " Rabidegell " ; Avochie as " Chiava " ; Knockespok as Eaes- 
seneok and so on. The hero Surgundo [Gordonus] is the first Marquis of Huntly. 

The Records of Aboyne, MCCXXX-MDCLXXXI. Edited by Charles 
XL, Marquis of Huntly, Earl of Aboyne, P.C., LL.D. Aberdeen : printed 
for the New Spalding Club, 1894, 4to, pp. xliii., 589. 

This is a brilliant piece of genealogical work, in which Lord Huntly had the able assist- 
ance of Mr. D. Murray Rose (cf. Notes and Queries, 8, iv., 287). It contains an 
excellent sketch of the rise of the Gordons, and takes the reader down to Charles I., 
Earl of Aboyne. While primarily dealing with the ennobled Gordons of Huntly, it 
contains brief deductions of various cadets who crossed their path in the innumerable 
land transactions recorded in Lord Huntly's charter chest. It is a model of how 
such a book should be done. 

A history of the Family of Seton during eight centuries. By George 
Seton, advocate, M.A. Oxon. etc. Edinburgh : privately printed by T. & A. 
Constable, printers to her Majesty, 2 vols., 1896. 

These volumes, forming probably the most sumptuous of Scottish family histories, 
treat the Huntly branch as cadets of the great Seton family (pp. 375-459). 

Genealogical Collections concerning families in Scotland made by Walter 
Macfarlane, 1750-51, 2 vols. Edinburgh: printed for the Scottish History 
Society, 1900. 

" GORDON from the printed and MS. histories of that name composed, as also observa- 
tions thereon deduced from original writers." See vol. ii., pp. 409-23. 

h 



Ivi HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Minutes of evidence taken before the Lords Committees to whom was 
referred the petition of George, Earl of Aboyne, stating his right to the titles, 
honours and dignities of Marquess of Huntley, Earl of Enzie, and Lord 
Gordon and Badenoch, 1838, 43 pp. 

The Earl of Aboyne presented a second petition claiming the older title of Earl of 
Huntly, but this claim was not pressed. Lords Journals, Ixix., 27 ; Ixx., 329, 342, 
35 8 , 383, 402, 47 1 - 

Claim of George, Marquis of Huntley to be added to the Union Roll of 
the peers of Scotland, 1838, 14 pp. and pedigree. 

When the Union Roll was drawn up the Marquisate was merged in the Dukedom. 

Memorials of the Troubles in Scotland and England, A.D. 1624 A.D. 1645, 
by John Spalding, 2 vols. 4to. Spalding Club, 1840-1. 

This classic contains the best account of Gordons who took part in the religious struggle 
mentioned. Among the families more elaborately treated (see index) are the 
Gordons of Ardlogie and Gight, Haddo, Newton, Birkenburn, Cairnburrow, Park, 
Glenbucket, Straloch, Buckie and Rothiemay. 

Inquiry into the Law and Practice in Scottish Peerages. By John 
Riddell. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1842. Huntly, pp. 341-2, 526, 872-93, 1032-3. 

Caledonia. By George Chambers. Paisley, 1888. See ii., 544 ; v., 
396. 

Pedigree of Gordon of Huntly and A bergeldie. 
Privately printed by Sir Thomas Phillipps, bart. 

The Earls of Huntly with regard to filii carnales. By Alexander 
Sinclair. In Herald and Genealogist, vi., 595. 

Marquisate of Huntly, in Maidment's Collectanea Genealogica (Edinb., 
1883), p. no. 

Arms of Dukes of Gordon are dealt with by G. E. C. and illustrated in 
Howard's Miscellanea Genealogica, iii., 133. 

The seals of the early members of the Huntly Gordons were described by P. J. 
Anderson (with illustrations) in Scottish Notes and Queries, i., xi., 65-6. 

The Gordon Book, edited by J. M. Bulloch, 1902. 

This volume (8vo, pp. 84) was published in connection with the Fochabers Reading Room 
Bazaar. It contains fourteen full-page pictures and articles by the editor on Jane 
Maxwell, wife of the fourth Duke of Gordon and on her daughter the Duchess of 
Richmond besides a list of all officers of the name of Gordon, who fought in the 
South African War, 1899-1901. A good deal of out of way gossip about Jane 
Maxwell has been contributed by J. M. Bulloch to Bon-Accord (Aberdeen), July 3, 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ivil 

10 and 17, 1902 ; pet. 2 and 9, 1902, and July, 16 and 23, 1903. The later volumes 
of Scottish Notes and Queries contain a great deal of matter about the Duchess. 

The Gay Gordons, in the Scottish Review, xxv., 246-69. April, 1895. 
Also under same title by J. M. Bulloch, in Blackwood's Magazine, Feb. 1898. 
The Gay Gordons is also the name of a volume of " Ballads of an ancient 
Scottish Clan". Edited by Armi stead C. Gordon, Staunton, Virginia. 1902. 

Mr. Gordon is a lawyer in Staunton, is descended from an Irish branch of the Gordons 
who were probably descended from the Gordons of Craichlaw in Wigtonshire. 
The volume (of which 250 only were printed in black and red, Jensen type) is an 
octavo and contains the ballads of " Edom o' Gordon," "Gordon of Brackley," 
" Knockespock's Lady," " Kenmure," " Young Lochinvar," " Lewis Gordon," " O 
Where, tell me Where, "The Baron of Brackley," "Kenmure," 1715, "Castle 
Gordon," " Suspense " (by a Virginian Gordon, written upon " Chinese " Gordon at 
Khartoum) the "Gay Gordons" by Henry Newbolt," and "Ivy" by the editor. 

InYercharrach. Balbithan MS., 57, 67. 

Invergordon. The correspondence of Sir jfohn Gordon, baronet, of 
Invergordon, on occasion of the Rebellion, Autumn, 1745, containing some 
particulars of those Times. Edited by James Maidment (Edinb., 1835). See 
also Eraser's Earls of Cromartie. 

Inverlochy. Cadet of Croughly. 

Invermarkie. Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 335; ii., 243, 483. Cadet 
of Cairnburrow. 

Invernettie. Temple's Fermartyn, 266, 267. Cadet of Lesmoir. 
Johnsleys. Balbithan MS., 44. 

Kenmure. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 595 ; McKerlie, ii., 66, 
74, 216, 243, 244, 254, 312, 365, 389, 410, 411, 421 ; iv., 42, 53-68, 70, 72 ; 
v., 199 ; G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage, iv., 344-46 ; Fergusson's Laird of Lag, 
38, 50, 51, 90, 91, 126; Hewlett's Scotch Dignities, 49; Forfeited Estate papers 
in H.M. Register House. John and William, ist and 6th viscounts, are dealt 
with in the Dictionary of National Biography. A tabular pedigree of the 
family written on the opening of a sheet of folio paper was sold at Sotheby's 
in the Phillipps Collection, on May i, 1903. It was undated, but the water- 
mark was 1802. The pedigree went as far as Robert, " who but for the attainder 
would have been Lord Kenmuir ". Add. MSS. (Brit. Museum), 33, 596, f. 33. 

Kennertie. Records of A boy ne, pp. 22-29 an( ^ I2 6-3i> 226-29. 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Kethocksmill. 

An attempt to deal with this family was made (pp. 615-23), in Virginia Genealogies ; 
a genealogy of the Glassell family of Scotland and Virginia, also of the families 
of Ball, Brown, Bryan, Conway, Daniel, Ewell, Holladay, Lewis, Littlefrage, 
Moncure, Peyton, Robinson, Scott, Taylor, Wallace and others, of Virginia and 
Maryland. By Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M.A., Wilkes-Barre, Penn., 1891-97 
8vo., 759 pp. The late Rev. Father William Gordon, Superior of the Oratory, 
Brompton (1827-1901), spent the latter years of his life in investigating the history of 
his family, and the present writer was greatly indebted to him in compiling the 
descent of the family in Scottish Notes and Queries, July, 1900, and May, 1902. 

Kincraigie. Balbithan MS., 47, 51, 67. 

Kindroch. Balbithan MS., 31, 32. 

Kinellar. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Kinernie. Balbithan MS., 67. 

Kinmundy. Temple's Fermartyn, 309-14; see also under Pitlurg. 

Kinnoir. Balbithan MS., 42, 43. 

Kirkconnell. McKerlie, iii., 21, 314; v., 194, 195, 281. 

Knawen. Balbithan MS., 55, 56, 57, 60, 61. 

Knock. Balbithan MS., 45 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 252. 

Knockbrex. McKerlie, iii., 199, 210, 211 ; iv., 171. 

Knockespock. Balbithan MS., 17, 43, 48, 57, 63, 64 ; Burke's Landed 
Gentry, 2nd and 3rd editions; Scottish Nation, ii., 321 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, 
ii., 87. 

Law. Balbithan MS., 47, 48. 

Leicheston. Balbithan MS., 33, 43, 47, 49. 

Lesmoir. Balbithan MS., 43-45. The Genealogy front father to son of 
the House of Lesmoir, as it was painted on the chimney of the said house, 
transcribed therefrom by Dr. Thomas Gordon of Craigelly, and printed on 
pp. 99, 100 of Memorials of the family of Gordon of Lesmoir, in the County of 
Aberdeen, by Captain Douglas Wimberley, late of the 79th, or Cameron 
Highlanders : printed for the author at the office of the Northern Chronicle, 
Inverness, 1893, 4to, pp. 170. Printed statement of the claim to the Baronetcy, 
by Captain Herbert Spencer Compton Gordon, 1887 ; Douglas's Baronage, 
30; Temple's Fermartyn (260-71); Records of Aboyne, 75-86 and 193-99 ; 
G. E. C.'s Complete Baronetage, ii., 299, 300. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. lix 

Letterfourie. Balbithan MS., 18, 19, 57 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 277 ; 
Scottish Nation, ii., 323. See any Baronetage. 

Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, second son of Adam, Earl of Sutherland, was created 
premier baronet of Nova Scotia, 1625, and on the death of his great-great-grandson 
in 1795, without issue, this baronetcy passed to James Gordon of Letterfourie, who 
was descended from James I. of Letterfourie, brother of Adam, Earl of Sutherland. 
A branch of this family settled in Holland, and the Biographisch Woordboek der Neder- 
landen states that Solomon Gordon, of the Swiss Regiment in Holland, was the great- 
grandson of James I. of Letterfourie. Solomon's daughter, Gertrude (born 1669), 
was a poet, and is biographed in the Woordboek. Another member of this family 
was Otto Dirck Gordon, Colonel of a Company of the Civil Guards, Utrecht. 

Lettoch. Scottish Notes and Queries, 2 ; iv., 141. 
Loch Dougan. Earlston MS. 

Lochinvar. Balbithan MS., 7-9; G. E. C.'s Complete Baronetage, ii., 
314, Wood's Walter Pringle, 93-6, 103, 107. Add. MSS. (Brit. Museum), 
33, 531, f. 213. 

Scott's ballad of " Young Lochinvar " refers to this family. Another version appears 
in Buchan's Gleanings of . . . old ballads, 74-5. 

Logic. Pratt's Buchan (1901), 243 ; see under Ardmeallie. 
Lungar. Temple's Fermartyn, 310. See also under Pitlurg. 

Manar. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 598 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 
360 ; Scot. Notes and Queries, 2, iv., 141 ; Dingwall Fordyce, Family Record, 
ii., 24, 25. Gordons as Watchmakers, Scot. Notes and Queries, 2, v., 51. 

Merdrum. Balbithan MS., 52. 

Methlick. See Haddo. 

Midmar. See Abergeldie, and Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 323, 414. 

Milrig. Burke's Landed Gentry, i., 233. 

Minmore. Jervise's Epitaphs, i., 146 ; Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), 
i., 60 1. Cadet of Knockespock. 

Monaughty. Cadet of Lesmoir. 

Murfad. McKerhe, iii., 35, 414; iv., 56, 57, 61, 262, 281, 282, 292; 
v., 59, 292. 

Netherbuckie. Balbithan MS., 57, 65. 

Nethermuir. Balbithan MS., 35, 55, 56 ; Dingwall Fordyce, Family 
Record, i., 153, 154. Paterson's History of Ayr, i., 220, 221. See also under 
Auchleuchries and Bonnyton. 



Ix HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Newark-upon-Trent. Betham's Baronetage, iii., 316, 317. 

This family was descended from the Gordons of Craichlaw. They were created baronets, 
1764. The baronetcy became extinct, 1831. Add. MSS. (Brit. Museum), 32, 718, f. 60, etc. 

Newtimber (Sussex). Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 599. 

Newton. Temple's Fermartyn, 263, 264; Balbithan MS., 44 ; Jervise's 
Epitaphs, ii., 326 ; Scottish Notes and Queries, 2, iv., 162 ; Macfarlane's 
Geneal. Coll., i., 257, 335; ii., 27; Family Bible at Newton owned by Mr. 
A. M. Gordon. 

Noth. Balbithan MS., 16, 50, 51, 60. 

Overskibo. See Sir R. Gordon's MS. Tables, supra. 

Oxhill. Balbithan MS., 43. 

Park. Balbithan MS., 36-39 ; Temple's Fermartyn, pp. 221-26, 282, 
283; Riddell's Inquiry, pp. 709-10; Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 428, 
429 ; Notes and Queries, 6, vii., 415. Forfeited Estates papers in H.M. 
Register House. Cadet of Cairnburrow. 

Parkhill. See Pitlurg. 
Parkmoir. Balbithan MS., 67, 68. 
Pethnick. Balbithan MS., 66, 67. 
Pitglassie. Balbithan MS., 67. 

Pitlurg. Balbithan MS., 28, 30, 31. Jervise's Epitaphs, ii., 30, 31. 
" The Straloch Papers " in the Miscellany of the Spalding Club, vol. i., 
3-58. These letters date from 1586 to 1646, and are addressed chiefly to Sir 
John Gordon of Pitlurg and Robert Gordon of Straloch, the map-maker. 
See also Temple's Fermartyn (pp. 303-17); Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), 
ii., 1356-57 ; Scottish Nation, ii., 321 ; John Gordon of Pitlurg and Park- 
hill, 1885. See lives of Robert Gordon, founder of Gordon's College, by A. 
Walker (1876), and R. Anderson (1896). 

Pittendreich. Balbithan MS., 17, 20, 21. Cadet of Cluny. 

Prony. Balbithan MS., 32, 41, 42, 55, 58, 59, 60 ; Macfarlane's Geneal. 
Coll., ii., 410. See Prony and Theodore Gordon MSS., supra. 

Rhynie. Balbithan MS., 45, 52. 

Rothiemay. Balbithan MS., 24, 57, 65; Temple's Fermartyn, 144-150. 

This family were notorious in connection with the bloody vendetta which they carried 
on with the Crichtons of Frendraught. The first laird of Rothiemay (who belonged 
to the Cairnburrow family) was killed in a march dispute with Crichton in January, 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixi 

1630, and his son, the second laird, was burned at Frendraught House in the follow- 
ing October, along with John, Viscount Aboyne, son of the first Marquis of Huntly. 
An enormous amount of literature deals with their feud, notably in the Privy Council 
Register. Reference may also be drawn to D. Shearer's Notes on the Parish of 
Rothiemay (Huntly, 8vo, 36 pp.) and Cramond's Rothiemay House (Banff, 1900). 

Rothney. Scot. Notes and Queries, 2, iv., 141 ; Jervise's Epitaphs, 323. 

RUSCO. McKerlie, iii., 34, 35, 46, 159, 219, 334, 348, 437, 488, 501, 
502; iv., 27, 262, 281, 282, 322; v., 85, 86, 294. 

Saphak. Cadet of Crichie. 
Sallagh. 

Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh continued Gordon's Earls of Sutherland from 1630 to 1651. 

Sauchin. Balbithan MS., 66, 67. 
Savoch. Balbithan MS., 54, 55. 
Schives. See Gight. 
Scotstown. 

The Gordon-Oswalds are descendants of Gordon of Balmuir, a descendant of the 
Nethermuir family. See Walford's County Families, 1902. 

Scurdargue. 

"Jock" Gordon of Scurdargue was one of the two illegitimate cousins of Elizabeth 
Gordon, the heiress who founded the ducal line, and it is his descendants who 
occupy the main part of the Balbithan MS. 

Seaton. Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 217. 

Sempill. Add. MSS. (Brit. Museum), Catalogue for 1882-7. 

Shalloch. Earlston MS. 

Sheelagreen. Temple's Fermartyn, 264-66 ; Balbithan MS., 55. See 
under Newton. 

Shirmers. McKerlie, iii., 63, 76, 78-83, 90, 96, 104, 410 ; iv., 62 ; 
v., 58. A pedigree (MS.) of this family, prepared by the College of Heralds, 
is owned by Major Evans-Gordon, M.P. 

Sideray. See Sir R. Gordon's MS, Tables, supra. 
Smithston. Balbithan MS., 36. 
Soccoth. Balbithan MS., 45, 62. 

Sorbie. See Knowles' Account of the Coultharts, 1855 Burke's 
Visitations, 2nd series, i., 47, 271. 



Ixii HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Stanmore (Baron). See Haddo. 

Lord Stanmore, youngest son of the 4th Earl of Aberdeen, and created Baron, 1893, was 
associated when young with Bentley Priory, Stanmore. It is a curious fact that 
Bentley Priory is now in the possession of Mr. Frederick Gordon, the founder of 
the Gordon Hotels of London and elsewhere. Mr. Gordon was born in Herefordshire, 
but he writes that his family came originally from Aboyne. His son Vivian is an 
officer in the ist Gordon Highlanders. Lord Stanmore's son is an officer in the 
3rd Gordons so that the two families, totally unrelated, have joined a common 
cause. 

Stitchel. See Lochinvar. 
Straloch. Cadet of Pitlurg. 

This family, which is descended from the Gordons of Pitlurg, included some notable 
men. Robert Gordon (1580-1661), of Straloch, together with his son James Gordon 
(1615 ?-i686), the famous parson of Rothiemay, contributed greatly to the maps of 
Scotland in Bleau's "Atlas". In addition to the Straloch MS., see the Straloch 
papers (Spaldlng Club Misc., 1-58) ; Scots Affairs (Spalding Club, 1841). 

Strathdon. Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., ii., 60, 217, 218, 418, 419, 446. 
Sutherland. 

After the Huntly Gordons themselves, the history of their cadets who became Earls of 
Sutherland and used the family name of Gordon until the time of John, Earl of 
Sutherland (1660-1733), wno "quitted" it at a date unknown has been more 
elaborately dealt with than that of any other branch of the family. The published 
histories are as follows : 

A Genealogical history of the Earldom of Sutherland, from its origin to 
the year 1630. Written by Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, Baronet. 
With a continuation to the year 1651 [by Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh]. Pub- 
lished from the original manuscript. Edinburgh : printed by George Ramsay 
& Co., for Archibald Constable & Company, Edinburgh ; and White, Cochrane 
& Co., London, 1813. Folio. Pp. xvi. + 575 + xi. 

This fine folio is printed from the MS. in possession of the Duke of Sutherland. The 
writer, Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, who dedicated his work to John Earl of 
Sutherland, dating from Dornoch 1630, was the nth Earl of Sutherland's second 
surviving son by Lady Jane Gordon, daughter of the 4th Earl of Huntly. He died 
1656. The work was continued (pp. 447-562) by Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh. The 
oldest MS. of Sir Robert Gordon is preserved at Dunrobin. It is a folio of 
228 pages, to which is prefixed (according to the Sutherland Book, i., x.) : 

(1) An elaborate title page, extending over the whole page ; 

(2) Catalogue of the principal authors consulted, including volumes collected by 

the learned William Camden, 2 pp. ; 

(3) " The Epistle dedicatorie " to John, i3th Earl of Sutherland (2 pp.) ; 

(4 & 5) Descriptions of the armorial bearings of the Earl of Sutherland and Sir 
Robert Gordon (one page each) ; 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixiii 

(6) " The description of the provvince off Sutherland with the Commodities 

thereoff " : 7 pp. ; 

(7) The Preface, one page. 

Appended to the Genealogie proper there is a short discourse of the Earle of Southir- 
land his precedencee in Parliament of the Earle of Catteyness, wryten the year 1617 
by Sir Robert Gordoun, 12 pp. The volume is beautifully bound in russia leather, 
and on a fly leaf of the modern binding is the following note holograph of the second 
Duke of Sutherland : " This manuscript of the History of the Family of Sutherland 
was given to me by Mr. Richard Gordon, descendant of Sir Robert Gordon in 1643 
Sutherland." Underneath that note is another " This volume is altogether in the 
handwriting of Sir Robert himself." This second note is in pencil by the late Mr. 
Cosmo Innes. Sir William Fraser took a different view. " Throughout the copy 
there are many additions and alterations in the undoubted handwriting of Sir Robert, 
extending occasionally to whole pages, while his marginal additions are numerous. 
These certainly show that the finely engrossed copy was made from an earlier draft 
which had been superseded by the copy on which the author made his additions and 
emendations from time to time. In this way the copy of the original draft had come 
to be considered as the original." Sallagh's continuation extends to sixty-three 
folios. This and a copy of Sir Robert's manuscript belong to Sir Robert's son, 
Robert Gordon of Cluny. It was acquired by Lady Jean Wemyss, the Countess of 
the i4th Earl of Sutherland, and presented by her to her son the isth Earl in 1705. 
It is this copy that was printed. It was entrusted by the Marchioness of Stafford to 
Archibald Constable in October, 1806, to be printed privately as a presentation 
quarto, but it did not appear till 1813, and then it came out as a folio in the ordinary 
way. It was edited by Henry Weber (1783-1818), the crazy Anglo-Westphalian, 
who was Scott's amanuensis. He challenged Scott (see Lockhart's Life) in a 
moment of madness to a mortal duel in the year of the publication of this book. 
There are three other MSS. besides the Dunrobin one in existence : and the Duke 
of Sutherland possesses some interesting supplementary tables by Sir Robert, 
supra, p. xxxv. While dealing primarily with the noble house of Sutherland, 
Gordon's work throws a flood of light on other branches. 

The Sutherland Book, by Sir William Fraser, K.C.B., LL.D. In three 
volumes [vol. i., Memoirs, pp. xlvi. + 520 : vol. ii., Correspondence, pp. 
xxxviii. + 38i : vol. iii., Charters, pp. lix. + 357]. Edinburgh, 1892. Printed 
by Constable. 4to. 

This bulky work forms a dry-as-dust supplement to Sir Robert Gordon's very readable 
work. It is very similar to the other family chronicles by Sir William Fraser (1816- 
1898). 

A large amount of valuable genealogical matter appeared in connection with the 
succession of Lady Elizabeth Sutherland to the Earldom, 1766. The i8th earl (and 
his wife) died of " putrid " fever at Bath in June, 1766, leaving an only daughter, 
Elizabeth, then thirteen months old. Her claim to succession was opposed by 
(i) Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, as heir male of the body of Adam Gordon, 
Earl of Sutherland, by his wife suo jure Countess : (2) by George Sutherland of 
Forss, as heir male of the first Earl of Sutherland. The literature bearing on this 
subject consists of 

i 



Ixiv HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Case of Sir Robert Gordon, Bart. : to be heard at the Bar of the House 
of Lords, March 16, 1769 : 15 pp., 4to. 

Supplemental Case of Sir Robert Gordon, Bart., in which all facts and 
arguments in support of his claim are stated, and the inaccuracies in his 
original case and appendix (which were printed before the proofs arrived from 
Scotland) are corrected : To be heard at the Bar of the House of Lords before 
the Committee of Privileges day of , 1770 : 40 pp., 4to. 

Pedigree of Sir Robert Gordon (in connection with the case) : one page. 

Brief for the Counsel of Sir Robert Gordon, Bart. : To be heard at the 
Bar of the House of Lords before the Committee of the Privileges on the 
day of March, 1771: 158 pp., 4to. ["Lady Elizabeth Sutherland's 
voluminous additional case was not delivered to Sir Robert till Nov. 9 last, 
and six weeks were employed in examining it, and in detecting the errors 
with which it abounds. There remained, therefore, a very short and inade- 
quate space of time for the preparing and the printing of the present brief. 
On this foundation Sir Robert Gordon rests his apology for the inaccuracies 
of language and errors of small moment which may appear in it."] 

Append' x (32) to the Case of Sir Robert Gordon : 35 pp., 4to. 

Pedigree of the claimant, George Sutherland of Forss, Esq., as set forth 
by himself : one page. 

The additional Case of Elizabeth claiming the Title and Dignity of 
Countess of Sutherland by her guardians : wherein the Facts and Arguments 
in support of her Claim are more fully stated, and the Errors in the additional 
cases exhibited for the other claimants are detected : 177 pages. 

The Sutherland Peerage, 1771, with an appendix of notes on Lord Mans- 
field's speech, 1771, 30 pp. 

The House of Lords decided on March 21, 1771, in favour of Lady Elizabeth Sutherland. 

Earldom of Sutherland in " Reports of Claims preferred to the House of 
Lords". Edited by James Maidment, Edinb., 1840 (pp. 55-83). See also 
Riddell's Inquiry, p. 606. 

A lost chapter in the History of Mary Queen of Scots Recovered : Notices 

of James, Earl of Bothwell, and Lady Jane Gordon, and of the dispensation 

for their marriage ; remarks on the law and practice of Scotland relative to 

marriage dispensations. By John Stuart. Edinburgh: 1874. 4to, pp. 115. 

Lady Jane Gordon, daughter of the 4th Earl of Huntly married (i) in June, 1565-66, 

James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell. On May 7, 1567, this marriage was annulled as 

being within the fourth degree of consanguinity, and on May 15, Bothwell married 

Queen Mary. Lady Jane married (2) Dec. 13, 1573, i2th Earl of Sutherland. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. IxV 

Swiney. Henderson's Caithness Family History, p. 336. 

Tarmore. Cadet of Cluny. 

Techmuiry. Cadet of Pitlurg. 

Terpersie Gordons. Balbithan MS., 39, 46-49, 50; Temple's Fermartyn, 
103 ; Notes on the family of Gordon of Terpersie, with a table of their descent. 
By Captain Wimberley. Inverness : printed at the Northern Chronicle Office, 
1900. 8vo, 17 pp. 

Captain Wimberley who was born in 1828 is the second son of the Rev. Charles 
Wimberley, Chaplain H.E.I.C.S., who married in 1825 Mary, daughter of Major 
General Charles Irvine (son of the ijth laird of Drum), by Diana, second daughter 
of Sir Alexander Gordon, 6th Bart, of Lesmoir. Captain Wimberley, who is to 
contribute an account of the Lesmoir Gordons to the next volume, has compiled 
deductions of the families of Irvine of Drum, of Wimberley and of Campbell. 

See also Scottish Notes and Queries, Nov., 1900 ; Forfeited Estates 
papers in H.M. Register House. 

Threave. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 661 ; McKerlie, iii., 118, 
127, '481, 482. 

Tilielt. Mair's Presbytery of Ellon, 20, 21, 30, 31, 36, 38, 47, 75, 76, 
no, 111-14, 122, 123, 130; Balbithan MS., 54, 56. 

Tillyangus. Balbithan MS., 50, 63. 

Tillyfour. Balbithan MS., 48. 

Tillyminnat. Balbithan MS., 42. 

Tillytermont. Balbithan MS., 30, 41-43, 49-51. 

Tilphoudie. Balbithan MS., 51 ; Records of Aboyne, 97, 140-44, 208-19, 
270-75. See also Tilphoudie MS., supra. 

Toldu. Macfarlane's Geneal. Coll., i., 252. 

Tombea. Balbithan MS., 21 22. 

Torrisoul. See under Avochie, Beldornie, Wardhouse. 

Troquhain. McKerlie, iii., 68, 70, 71, 96, 191, 250, 277, 408, 412, 429; 
iv., 54, 74, 97, 173, 299, 302, 303, 306, 307, 313, 314, 316, 317, 427, 462 ; v., 
36, 280-282, 306, 307, 319. 

Tulliegreig. Temple's Fermartyn, 457 ; Records of Aboyne, 236-40. 

Tulloch. Balbithan MS., 62, 63. 

Wardhouse. Balbithan MS., 48, 50 ; Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), 
i., 598-9 ; " an Aberdeenshire Dreyfus " (Alexander Gordon) by J. M. Bulloch, 
Aberdeen Free Press, Aug. 26, 1898 ; Scottish Notes and Queries, Nov., 1898 ; 
Bcntley's Miscellany, Nov. and Dec., 1868 ; " The Romance of a Waistcoat," 



Ixvi HOUSE of GORDON. 

by J. M. Bulloch, in Black and White, Nov. 19, 1898 ; Catalog^te of the 
Wardhouse Silver Plate (sold in Aberdeen Nov. 3, 1898) ; Admiral Sir James 
Alexander Gordon, Macmillan's Mag., Feb., 1868 ; Laird Clowes' History of 
the Navy, vol. 6, and Diet, Nat. Biog. The ballad of "Annie Gordon of 
Wardhouse and Peter Smith of Auchline " is given in a MS. in the possession 
of Mr. Compton Smith ; see also Scot. Notes and Queries, iii., 191 ; iv., 46, 191. 

Waterton. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 601, 602. 

Wellheads. Balbithan MS., 57, 65. 

Whiteley. See under Pitlurg. 

Wincombe Park (Wilts). Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 101. 

GORDONS ON THE CONTINENT OF EUROPE. 

Austria. 

John Gordon of the Gight (q.v.) family assisted at the assassination of Wallenstein at 
Eger, 1634. 

France. 

Some genealogists, notably Rymer (Foedera, i., 791), maintain that the Gordons originally 
came from France. The Abbey of Gourdon (department of Lot) was the scene of 
many " treasure " digging expeditions down till 1842 (Chambers Journal, Nov. 20, 
1897). Bernard Gordon, a notable physician, wrote a book De Curandis Mortis, 
1305 (see Larousse). M. de Gourdon was Governor of Calais, and owned ships. 
He betrayed Gravelines to the Spaniards in 1578 (Calendar of State Documents, 
Foreign Papers, 1560-78, and Gordon's Earls of Sutherland, 137). The " Counts 
of Gordon " descended from the Glenluce family are dealt with in C. A. Gordon's 
Concise History of the Gordons (reprint 1890), pp. 125-130. Several soldiers 
of the name are dealt with in Father Forbes-Leith's Scots Men at Arms of 
France. Angelique Gordon, poet, is biographed in Larousse. A Gordon family in 
Alsace (consisting of Gilbert Gordon, Captain of the Bourbon Regiment, chief sur- 
veyor for the town of Lichtenberg, and his brother John, Captain of the Navarre 
Regiment) were recognised by the Duke of Gordon as kinsmen in 1722 (quoted in 
Aberdeen Free Press, Sept. 15, 1887). A Capt. Gordon, who invented a flute, who 
was a member of the Swiss Guards in Paris and threw himself into the Lake of 
Geneva in 1847, was dealt with by J. M. Bulloch in the Aberdeen Philharmonic 
Society's Bazaar Book, Feb., 1899. Adjutant Commandant Gordon of the French 
army, murdered in 1815, is dealt with in Scottish Notes and Queries, 2nd series, 
vol. ii., 31, 79. Arthur Young in his Travels in France describes a Gordon who 
was imprisoned in the Bastile for thirty years. Mirabelle de Gordon, a French 
engineer, came to Scotland with the Jacobite leaders, 1745 (Chevalier Johnston's 
Rebellion, edited by Winchester, i., 70, 71, 81, 83). Alexander Gordon of Ward- 
house was executed at Brest for espionage, on Nov. 24, 1769. In May, 1900, a 
Colonel Gordon was arrested while sketching from a boat, Fort Taureau, at 
Finiste're. A great many Jacobite refugees named Gordon sought sanctuary in 
France. Members of the family (notably the Hallhead Gordons) landed at Bou- 
logne and Bordeaux, Rouen and Paris. William Gordon, the banker in Paris, 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 



Ixvii 



figures frequently in Jacobite literature : see specially " a letter dated March 20, 1723, 
directed to Monsieur G[ordon], London, folio 1723 ". For priests of the name see 
Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus, 7 vols., 8vo, London, 1877 ; 
also Diet. Nat. Biog. for James Gordon (1553-1641) confessor to Louis XIII. Adam 
Lawrence Gordon was rector of Douai about 1666 (Hist. MSS. Com., v., 654). 
Father Gordon was principal of the Scots College at Paris, 1751 (Oliphants of 
Gask). Lady Henrietta Gordon (fi. 1658), daughter of John, Viscount Melgum, 
was maid of honour to Princess Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans (see Blakhal's Three 
Noble Ladies, 1844). For the Gordons at Waterloo see Dalton's Waterloo Roll 
Call, 1890. See also Diary of the Scots College at Douai. 

Germany. 

A great many Gordons became traders in Germany. The references are too scattered to 
be noted here, but special attention may be called to Mr. Th. A. Fischer's excellent 
books: The Scot in Germany (1902), pp. 8, 26, 33, 58, 60, 113, 118, 133, 162, 218 
and 255 ; and The Scots in Eastern and Western Prussia (1903), pp. 37, 105, 199, 
203, 205, 223. Andrew Gordon (1712 1751), professor of natural philosophy at 
Erfurt, gained a great reputation as an electrician (Diet. Nat. Biog.). Gordons at 
German universities will be found in various university Fasti. 

Greece. See Cairness. 
Holland. 

Many officers of the name of Gordon are dealt with in Ferguson's Scots Brigade in 
Holland. The Biographisch Woordboek der Nederlanden deals with Gertrude 
Gordon (born 1669), poet: and Otto Dirck Gordon, a soldier, both said to be 
descended from the Letterfourie Gordons. Robert Jacob Gordon, Dutch Com- 
mander-in-chief at the Cape, who committed suicide there in 1795, was dealt with 
by J. M. Bulloch in the Anglo-Saxon Review, Dec., 1900; see also Kaye's Life of 
Sir John Malcolm (1856). Presbyterian ministers of the name are dealt with in 
Steven's History of the Scots Church at Rotterdam ; also Scott's Fasti, i., 154, 182, 
543. For traders see Munro's Lord Provosts of Aberdeen, 200; Cramond's Banff, 
ii., 220; (English) Privy Council Acts, i., 235, 416 ; Birth Brieves in Spalding Club 
Misc., vol. 5 (see under Abergeldie, infra, pp. 98-9). 

Italy. 

For priests see Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus, 7 vols., 1877. 
Francis Gordon, who died in the service of the King of Naples, belonged to the 
Craig family (Wimberley's Gordons of Lesmoir, 107). 

Poland. 

In the year 1727 Mr. Finch, " late Envoy from the King of Great Britain to Poland," 
wrote a letter to the Duke of Gordon (probably at His Grace's request) giving the 
descent of Lady Catherine Gordon, daughter of the 2nd Marquis of Huntly and wife 
of Count Morsztyn. This document seems to have been highly prized, for I have 
seen two copies of it (it fills a sheet and a half of foolscap). One is in possession of 
Rev. Dr. Milne, of Fyvie, and the other belongs to the New Spalding Club. There is 
also a copy in Gordon Castle. Taking this document as a basis, the present writer 
has written several articles "The Last King of Poland," in the Aberdeen Free 



Ixviil HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Press, May 3, 1898, and the Aberdeen Evening Gazette, Nov. 17, Dec. 15, 1902 ; 
and " The Gordons in Poland," in Scottish Notes and Queries, May, July, Sept. 
and Dec., 1898, Aug. 1902. Col. Fabian Gordon of the Coldwells family was in the 
Polish service (see Services of Heirs). A notorious character, Patrick Gordon, nick- 
named " Steelhand," who gave the Covenanters a lot of trouble, went into the Polish 
cavalry. He is dealt with in the Diary of Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (Spald. 
Club), and in articles by J. M. Bulloch on "Mercenaries" in the Aberdeen Free 
Press, Jan. 24-25, 1901. His origin has not yet been settled. For Sir Francis 
Gordon, H.M. Agent in Poland, see Braco. Robert Gordon, founder of Gordon's 
College, Aberdeen, was a merchant in Dantzig. See biographies of him by 
Alexander Walker (1876) and Robert Anderson (1896). 

Portugal. 

Lieut.-Col. John Gordon, died 1785, was in the Portuguese army. He was a brother 
of George Gordon of Gordonbank (Edin. Commissariat, vol. 126). Alexander 
Gordon, of Funchal, Madeira, is described, in 1764, by Lord Adam Gordon as " my 
relative and kind host " (Genealogist, xiv.). The wine firm of Cossart, Gordon 
& Co., Madeira (so called since 1861), was founded in 1745. In 1758 Thomas 
Gordon entered into partnership with Francis Newton. He came from Kirkcud- 
brightshire, and purchased the estate of Balmaghie (q~v.). John Gordon, of Lisbon, 
had a son, Edward, who entered Christ Church, Oxford, in 1781 (Foster's Oxford 
Graduates). 

Russia. 

Owing to the fact that many Russian and Polish Jews have taken the name of Gordon 
some say from the town of Grodno the genealogist of the Scots house encounters 
great difficulties not only with the Gordons in Russia and ancient Poland, but also 
in every corner of the world to which the Hebrew, driven from the Pale, has 
betaken himself. The great authority on the subject of the Gordons in Russia is 
the Diary of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries (q-v-), the favourite of Peter 
the Great. See also The History of Peter the Great (1755), by General Alexander 
Gordon of Auchintoul, the son-in-law of the above Patrick. Admiral Thomas 
Gordon, who was Governor of Kronstadt, was dealt with by J. M. Bulloch in the 
Aberdeen Free Press, Sept. 3, 19, 1898, and in Scottish Notes and Queries, Dec., 1898, 
and Jan., 1900 ; also in The History of the Russian Fleet under Peter the Great, 
edited by Admiral Sir Cyprian Bridge (Navy Records Society). Admiral Gordon's 
ancestry is not known. The famous Jacobite, General John Gordon of Glenbucket, 
had a son in the Russian Navy. 

Spain. 

There have been many Gordons in Spain. Captain Juan Gordon was killed on the San 
Felipe, one of the Spanish Armada (Spanish State Papers). Godfred Gordon, "a 
Spanish lord, descended from a noble house," behaved with great gallantry at the 
siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, 1588 (Gordon's Earls of Sutherland, 197). The Gordons 
of Wardhouse (q.v.) have long been in Spain, and the present family is almost 
Spanish. A William Gordon was in the Spanish army, 1719 (Jacobite Attempt of 
1719). William Gordon, a Scoto-Hispano Jesuit priest, went to convert the North 
American Indians, and wrote Historia de las Missiones Jesuitas en la California 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixix 

baja desde su establecimento hasta, begun at La Paz, 1734, ended at Santiago, 1737. 
The MS. (small 410, 360 pp.) is described in Quaritch's great catalogue (vol. v.) as 
"very charming". America returned the compliment in the person of Mrs. Alice 
Gordon Gulick (died Sept. 14, 1903), who was president for thirty years of the 
International Institute for Girls in Spain (Times, Sept. 15, 1903). Mrs. Gulick 
(whose maiden name was Gordon) belonged to an American family. 

Sweden and Norway. 

The wars of Gustavus Adolphus took several Gordons to Sweden, notably Col. John 
Gordon of the Cotton family (see Wishart's Deeds of Montrose, edited by Morland 
Simpson, 282-6). Col. Alexander Gordon, grandson of Bishop William Gordon of 
Aberdeen, was also in the Swedish army (Gordon's Earls of Sutherland, 477-8). 
See also Spottiswoode, Misc., ii., 384, and Donner's Brief Sketch of the Scottish 
Families in Sweden and Finland, Helsingfors, 1884. William Gordon of the 
Farskane family was a merchant at Christiansand, circa 1758. William Gordon 
was a merchant in Gothenburg in i8ik (Scots Mag.). George Gordon, vice-consul 
for Sweden at Algiers, belonged to the Lesmoir family (see Wimberley's Gordons 
of Lesmoir, 71). 

GORDONS IN AMERICA. 

Many branches of the family of Gordon are to be found in America. Several emigrated 
from Scotland to Virginia, as in the case of the ancestors of Mr. John Gordon, of Rio 
de Janeiro, who is now working on the history of the Gordons of Holm. His 
brother, Mr. Seton Gordon, of New York, is also a great enthusiast. Another 
branch settled in Massachusetts, where Mr. G. A. Gordon has compiled a good deal 
of material on the family. As an indication of the prominence of the family in 
America it may be noted that in the American Who's Who, 1901-2, seventeen Gor- 
dons are biographed as against twelve Grants and three Forbeses. The family figures 
in many of the genealogies which Americans are so fond of compiling, and which 
unfortunately are so rarely to be found in libraries in this country. There is a good 
deal about it in Hanna's Scotch Irish (New York, 1902). Mr. Armistead Gordon, 
of Staunton, Virginia, has collected a vast amount of matter (still in MS.) on the 
family in America. Descended from the Gordons of Sheepbridge House near 
Newry, co. Down, he has directed his attention specially to the Gordons in Ireland. 
He writes to me : " I have lists of all Gordons now [1903] living in New York City, 
Chicago, Philadelphia and Toronto, with their street addresses, and in the four 
cities they number something over 1,200. Among these, however, are many 
Russian and Polish Jews." Captain Charles Gordon of U.S. Chesapeake (38 
guns), was dealt with by J. M. Bulloch in the Banffshire Journal, Sept. 9, 1902. 
General Patrick Gordon, the first Governor of Pennsylvania (born 1644, died 1736), 
belonged to the Birsemoir family (see Appleton's Encyclopaedia ; Dalton's Blenheim 
Roll : Burke's Commoners, iv., 9). Rev. William Gordon (1728-1807), the historian 
of the United States, was a Herts man (Diet. Nat. Biog.). The following 
references to the family of Gordon are given in the index to American Genealogies, 
5th edition, Albany, N.Y., 1900 (pp. 136, 137) : 

American Ancestry, iii., 23, 105 ; iv., 155 ; vii., 50 ; viii., 53 ; x., 56, 



Ixx HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Bedford, N. H. Centennial, 308-10; Bell's History of Exeter, N. H., 21-24; 
Chandler's History of Shirley, Mass., 426; Cochrane's History of Antrim, 
N. H., 510-12 ; Cogswell's History of Henniker, N . H., 590-94 ; Cothren's 
Woodbury, Ct., ii,, 1498-1501 ; Dearborn's History of Salisbury, N. H., 
170; Goode's Genealogy, 122; Green's Kentucky Families ; Hall Genealogy 
(1892), 66-72 ; Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 249-53 ; Hayward's History 
of Hancock, N. H., 610-13 5 Lincoln's History of Hingham, ii., 277 ; Mor- 
rison's History of Windham, N. H., 538-42 ; Old North-west Genealogical 
Quar., ii., 49 ; Richmond, Va., Standard, iii., 31-47 ; Ridton's Saco Valley, 
Me., Families, 701-5 ; Robertson's Pocahontas Descendants, 236 ; Slaughter's 
Bristol Parish, Va., 203 ; Smith's History of Peterborough, N . H ., 93-95 ; 
Walworth's Hyde Genealogy, 667-69 ; Washington, N . H., History, 448-50 ; 
Whitehead's Perth Amboy, N.J., 60-68. Mr. Armistead Gordon supplies 
the following additional references to the Gordons in America, and especially 
in Virginia: Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison (Keith, 1893), 4%> Albemarle 
County (Va.), History of (Woods, 1901), 211, 212, 379, 381, 382, 383, 384, 
404; Debates of the Virginian Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830; 
Journal of a Young Lady of Virginia in 1782 (1871), 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 20; 
Hening's Statutes at Large of Virginia, 1619-1800, ii., 370, 378, 557, 583; 
vii., 188, 215, 608 ; viii., 57, 610 ; xi., 369 ; xii., 215, 216 ; xv., 184 ; xvi., 37 ; 
Historic Homes of the South West Mountains of Virginia (Mead, 1899), 231- 
40 ; Culpeper County, History of (Green, 1900), i., 7, 34, 66 ; ii., 23, 26, 33, 
35, 40, 41, 51, 55, 114, 124-26, 145, 158; Appleton's Cyclopcedia of American 
Biography, 685-87, including biographical sketches of fourteen Gordons in 
America; Middlesex (Virginia) Parish Register from 1653 to 1812 (1897), 
23, 94, 99, 100, 174, 177, 180; Memoir and Correspondence of Thomas Jeffer- 
son (Randolph, 1829), iv., 336, 414; Letters and Times of the Tylers (Tyler, 
1885), i., 343, 399, 476, 508, 527, 584; ii., 48; Virginia and Virginians 
(Brock, 1888), ii., 828, 829 ; Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia 
(Meade), i., 153, 165, 192, 285, 364,445; ii., 10, 13,212, 213, 276, 285, 318; 
Grigsby's Virginia Convention of 1776 (1855), 190, 206; Grigsby's Virginia 
Convention of 1788; Sketches of Virginia, first series (Foote, 1850), 359-70; 
North Carolina Historical Register, i., 546, 547 ; The Virginia University 
Memorial (1871), 752, 755 ; Proceedings of the jth Congress, Scotch Irish 
Society in America (1895), *74> 3 6 > 37> 374 > Virginia Historical Magazine, 
vii., 9, 16, 79, 205, 311, 312, 398, 404, 414, 438; ix., 222, 265, 326; x., 96, 
106, 210, 279, 291, 308, 309, 315, 324, 432 ; William and Mary College 
Quarterly, i., 116, 139, 147, 170; ii., 76; iii., 68, 221 ; iv., 119, 284; v., 60, 
20(, 255; vi., 22, 82, 155, 168, 186, 188, 260; vii., 181, 190, 198; viii., 29, 
48, 49, 91, 189; ix., 32, 33, 41, 49. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixxi 

GORDONS IN BRITISH COLONIES. 



Africa. 



For the Gordons who fought in the South African War of 1899-1902 see a list by J. M. 
Bulloch of " The Gordons as Campaigners in Africa," printed in the Gordon Book 
(1902), 75-84. See also under Holland (supra) for Robert Jacob Gordon, the 
Dutch commander-in-chief at the Cape, who christened the Orange river. 

British Columbia. The Gordons of Nanaimo and Cemox ; (Burke's 
Colonial Gentry (1891), vol. i.). 

Canada. Canadian Men and Women of the Time, ist edition, 1898. 

The best-known Canadian of the name is the Rev. Charles W. Gordon, of Winnipeg, 
who has made a great success with some novels written under the name of " Ralph 
Connor ". His father, Rev. Daniel Gordon, belonged to Blair Athole, and was at 
Marischal College, 1842-6. He emigrated to Canada. This Daniel is not to be 
confused with the Rev. Daniel Miner Gordon (son of William Gordon, a native of 
Sutherland) who made a great tour, in 1879, which he described in Mountain and 
Prairie, a Journey from Victoria to Winnipeg via Peace River Pass (Montreal, 
1880, pp. 310). The Rev. Charles Gordon's ancestry was dealt with in the Aberdeen 
Free Press, Feb. 23, 1889, Dec. 29, 1900, Jan. 2, 1901. His English publishers 
have issued a leaflet entitled Ralph Connor : an Interpretation. 

Egypt. 

The outstanding Gordon in the history of Egypt is Charles George (" Chinese ") 
Gordon (1833-1885) the hero of Khartum. An immense literature has been written 
about him, the British Museum catalogue containing 90 items, including lives by 
M. A. de Bovet, Boulger, Sir W. Butler, Forbes, Haines, Hake, Swaine, Tabarie, 
Walch and others. But his connection with any line of the Scots house is still 
untraced. Tentative solutions have been offered by J. M. Bulloch in the Genea- 
logical Magazine, Oct., 1898, Scottish Notes and Queries, Nov., 1898, Feb., 1901 
and Jan., 1903. 

India. The appearance of the Gordons in India has mainly been in the 
Army or the Civil Service. For notices of them reference should be made to 
Dodwell and Miles's Alphabetical Lists of (i) Officers of the Indian Army 
(1760-1837); (2) Medical Officers of the Indian Army (1764-1838); (3) The 
Honourable East India Company's Bombay Civil Servants (1798-1839) ; 
(4) Bengal Civil Servants (1780-1838); (5) Madras Civil Servants (1773- 
1839). For more modern services see the India List published annually by 
Harrison, the Indian Army List, Thacker's Indian Directory. 

Jamaica. Scottish Notes and Queries, May, 1902. The Antiquary 
(ed. Jewitt), iv., 129, 130, has an article by Charles Sotheran on Gordon and 
French families. 

k 



Ixxii HOUSE OF GORDON. 

FAMILIES WITH COMPOUND GORDON NAMES. 

A considerable number of families have hyphened " Gordon " either before or after other 
surnames. In many cases it is easy to trace the reason of this. In others the 
reason is not so obvious. The Army List, the happy home of the hyphen, contains 
the greatest number of those compound names, showing at least that the Gordons 
are still animated by their old martial spirit. It may be noted as proof of the right- 
ing faculty of the Gordons that in the Monthly Army List of Aug. '1903, there were 
86 officers of the name (and 18 with the hyphened name) wearing the king's uni- 
form ; against 93 supplied by the Burnetts, Forbeses, Farquharsons and Leslies 
perhaps the most common Aberdeenshire surnames after Gordon, 

Gordon-Browne. See Cambridge Matriculations, 1851-1900. 
Gordon-Canning. See Hartpury. 
Gordon-Gumming. See Altyre. 
Gordon - Gumming- Skene. See Pitlurg. 
Gordon-Dalrymple. 

Mr. Arthur Dalrymple Gordon-Dalrymple of Greenknowe, Gordon, Berwickshire, and 
Langlee, Roxburghshire, is the son of the late Mr. Arthur Forbes-Gordon of Rayne, 
Aberdeenshire (whose father, born Forbes, assumed the additional name of Gordon 
under the entail of his cousin, John Gordon of Avochie). His mother, Christina 
Dalrymple, was co-heiress of the laird of Greenknowe and Langlee. This lady's 
mother (Catherine Milne) was an Aberdeenshire woman (see Tancred's Annals of 
a Border Club). 

Gordon-Dill. 

This family claims descent (via Ireland) from the Gordons of Glenbucket. See Cam- 
bridge Matriculations, 1851-1900 (under "Dill"); Medical Directory, 1903; Army 
List, 1903; London Directory, 1903. 

Gordon-Duff. See Drummuir. 
Gordon-Gilmour. See Railhead. 
Gordon-Hallyburton. 

Lord John Frederick Gordon, third son of the ninth Marquis of Huntly, took the ad- 
ditional name of Hallyburton. See Add. MSS. (British Museum), 35,798, f. 383 ; 
35,802, ff. 56, 556; 35,800, f. 102 ; 35,802, f. 510; Foster's Members of Parliament 
(Scotland), 152. 

Gordon-Hogg. See Medical Directory, 1903. 

Gordon-Ives. Burke' s Landed Gentry (1898), i., 801. 

Col. Gordon Maynard Ives of Bentworth Hall and Gaston Grange, Hants, son of John 

Robert Ives by the Hon. Emma, daughter of third and last Viscount Maynard. He 

adopted the additional name of Gordon in 1897. 

Gordon-Leith. See Thacker's Indian Directory, 1903. 
Gordon-Lennox. Family name of the Duke of Richmond who repre- 
sents the senior female line of the Dukes of Gordon. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixxiii 

Gordon-Moore. 

In 1850 Lord Cecil Gordon, fifth son of the ninth Marquis of Huntly, adopted the 
additional name of Moore. 

Gordon-Munn. See Medical Directory, 1903. 
Gordon-Oswald. See Scotstoun. 
Gordon -Paterson. See Navy List, 1903. 
Gordon-Sims. See Thacker's Indian Directory, 1903. 
Gordon-Smith. See London Directory, 1903 ; also Medical Directory, 
1903. 

Gordon- Yaudin. See Navy List and Crockford, 1903. 
Gordon-Woodhouse. See Kelly's Titled Classes, 1903. 
Gordon- Wright. See Kelly's Clergy List, 1903. 
Conway-Gordon. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), v., 602. 
Duff-Gordon. See Fyyie and Halkin. 
Evans-Gordon. See Shirmers. 

This family is descended from the Gordons of Shirmers. Major W. E. Evans-Gordon, 
M.P., has in his possession a pedigree of the family compiled at the Herald's 
office. His arms are given in Fox-Davies' Armorial Families. 

Fellowes-Gordon. See Knockespock. 

Forbes-Gordon. Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), i., 599. 

Arthur Forbes (died 1873) assumed the additional name of Gordon on succeeding to the 

estate of Rayne, under the entail and settlement of his late cousin, John Gordon of 

Avochie (q.v.). 

Forlong-Gordon. See Pitlurg. 

William Forlong of Erins, Argyllshire, married Crawford, daughter of the Lieut.-Gen. 
Gordon-Cumming-Skene of Pitlurg, and their son Thomas Alexander George (b. 1831) 
of South Erins, Argyllshire, assumed the name of Gordon on succeeding to his 
mother's estates (Walford's County Families, 1903). 

Hamilton-Gordon. Family name of Lord Aberdeen and Lord Stan- 
more. 

McHaffie-Gordon. Walford's County Families (1903). 
Maitland-Gordon. See Kenmure. 
More-Gordon. See Gharleton MSS., supra. 
Pirie-Gordon. See Buthlaw. 
Smith-Gordon. See Florida. 
Wolrige-Gordon. See Railhead. 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 
ABERGELDIE. 

[NOTE. The pagination referred to is that at the bottom of the page.] 

Page (72). RACHEL GORDON, X. OF ABERGELDIE, and not her husband, 
Charles Gordon, was the issue of Alexander, VIII. of Abergeldie. The brass 
in the table is placed wrongly at this point. 

Page (75). ALEXANDER GORDON OF MIDMAR. Instrument of compromitt 
of the brief of perambulation of the marches between the lands of the barony 
of Stonywode, belonging to Andrew Frissal, and the lands of the Forest of 
Cordyce, belonging to Alexander Johnston of that ilk, to William Earl 
Marischal, and Alexander Gordon of Midmar, dated November 13, 1499 (In- 
ventory of papers formerly belonging to the family of Johnston of Caskieben, 
but now in the possession of Lord Saltoun). 

Page (77). The 3rd Laird. Penuet, February, 1530. James Cheyne, 
Procurator to the laird of Abirgeldie, " requirit Dauid Andersoun and Maister 
Androwe Tulydef, bailzeis, to mak ane esy gait and passage betuix the brig 
of Dee and chapell of the samyn, quhairthrow thai may eselye without 
impediment, wyrk and lawbour thair watteris, protestand alwayis quhat 
damnage or skaith thai sustenit thairthrow suld cum on the toune and nocht 
on thame, and that in name and behalf of his master the lard of Abirgeldy, 
quhilk send with him seruand to that same effect" (Stuart's Extracts from 
Aberdeen Council Register, vol. i., p. 129). 

Page (83). The 4th Laird. The name of his daughter who married 
Thomas Menzies, " de Balgony," was Margaret. They had a son Michael 
who was at Douai as a boy of 14 in 1655 " ad figuras " (Diary of Scots Coll. 
at Douai). 

Page (88). The 6th Laird died in March, 1631, not in 1630 as stated 
(Privy Council Reg.). 

Page (89), line 13. Auchmill should be Inchmill. In any case the sen- 
tence quoted refers to the 6th laird, not his son William (who is mentioned 
in the Balbithan MS.). 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. JXXV 

Page (89), lines 14 and 15. Thomas Gordon, " Abergeldie filius, annorum 
17, pro figuris," was dismissed from the Scots College at Douai in 1633 
" propter ineptitudinem in Maio ". On the same date (Jan. 6, 1633) his 
brother James, aged 14, " pro trivialibus scholis, dimissus propter ineptitud- 
inem in Sept." (Diary of Scots Coll. at Douai). 

Page (go). The 7th Laird. Alexander Gordon, fiar of Abergeldie, was 
prosecuted, Jan. 25, 1631, for carrying arms (Privy Council Reg.). On 
Aug. ii, 1631, Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie petitioned the Privy Council 
as follows : Some years ago, he was heritably infeft in the lands of Aber- 
geldie under reservation of the liferent of his father, William Gordon of 
Abergeldie, who died in March last. He shortly afterwards obtained warrant 
from the Lords of Session for the inventorying of the goods within the place 
of Abergeldie and his own entering on possession ; and his mother Elizabeth 
Seatoun, widow of William Gordon, left the place and went to Knock of 

which she was life rentrix. " But on " she came back to Abergeldie 

and " has taken possession thereof with her family and will not remove ". 
He craved that letters should be issued "charging her to remove" and the 
Privy Council agreed to this. On July 2, 1632, Donald Farquharson of 
Inchetnarrow was cautioned for Abergeldie to appear before the Council to 
underlie their censure touching his misbehaviour towards his lady under pain 
of 500 merks, and commanding him not to visit Jesuits and Papists (Ibid.). 
On Sept. 6, 1632, the tack granted to Lady Abergeldie of her conjunct fee 
was cancelled by the Council (Ibid.). Alexander Gordon, VII. of Abergeldie, 
owed in 1633-4 the following sums : 200 merks to John, son of Alexander 
Keith, portioner of Duffus ; 300 merks to James Irving in Cullairlie ; 1,000 
merks to James Irwing (second lawful son of John Irwing of Artamphart) and 
Anna Keith his spouse, lawful daughter of the late Alexander Keith, portioner 
of Duffus ; 1,400 merks to Robert Irwing of Fedderit ; 1,000 merks to Arthur 
Ross of Sterein on the lands of Brasbeig ; 9,225 merks to Mr. William Burnet, 
minister at Kinnernie in a woodset on the lands of Badinleithe and Kinnernie 
(Spald. Club Misc., iii., pp. 89, 108, in, 116, 130 and 138). 

Page (97). CHARLES GORDON, i2th Laird, had a book plate described by 
Mr. J. Henderson Smith, Edinburgh, thus : (Motto over crest " God with 
us"). Quarterly: ist, azure, 3 boars heads couped ; 2nd, or, 3 lions heads 
erased gules ; 3rd, azure, 3 fraises ; 4th, or, 3 crescents within a treasure flory 
counter-flory gules ; all four quarters within a bordure company of 6 pieces or, 
8 gules. A rare Chippendale plate of date c. 1740-1750. The shield is set in 
a rococo frame with floral accessories, and the helmet is set affrontee ; which 
it should not be. The crest is a greyhound trotting. 



IxXVl ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

Page (105). COSMO HUNTLY GORDON was at Harrow School, April, 1869 
Dec. 1871. He entered the Buffs 1874, and became a major 1891. He was 
A.D.C. to the governor of the Straits Settlements, 1880- 1, and at the Staff 
College, 1887-8 (Harrow School Register, p. 373). He is now (1903) Deputy 
Assistant Adjutant-General at Barbadoes. His half-brother, CHARLES, is now 
in the 4th East Surrey Regiment. GEORGE HAMILTON GORDON is in the 
Artillery, not the Engineers as stated on page 105. 

Page (no). LEWIS GORDON, i8th Laird, died at Lee, Kent, May 27, 
1903. He was in business for 50 years, retiring in 1897. He had a paralytic 
stroke in July, 1900, and from that time to his death was an invalid. He was 
succeeded by his son Reginald Hugh Lyall Gordon, igth Laird of Abergeldie. 

GIGHT. 

Page (189). The second Laird's wife. The Balbithan MS. statement 
that the second laird of Gight married a daughter of Robert Gordon of 
Fetterletter seems corroborated by a letter in the Morton Charter Chest, for 
a copy of which I am indebted (since writing about my inability to get it on 
page 211) to Mr. Murray Rose. The letter is written "to my werray guid 
my Lord Erll Mortoune " by "Dame Elizabeth Gordoun Lade of Gycht," 
who dates from Fetterletter, Oct. 21, 1597. The letter runs: 

My Lord eftir my maist hairtlie commendationes of service I haif desyrit the Laird of 
Bolquhallie [Mowat with whose family the 5th laird of Gight had a vendetta in 1601] to spek 
your lordship sundrie tymes lyk as I spakyour lordship with the Laird Bolquhollie in Aberdein 
at your lordships last being ther with the King's Maiestie for the Waird landis of Fettirlettir 
and Lethinthie and will maist ernistlie requeist your lordship to latt me haif eis and eis thairin 
as your lordship hes done to utheris obefoir And your lordship sail find me as freindlie and 
thankfull thairin as ony wtheris that hes delt with your lordship. And thairfoir I send this 
Lettir with the young Laird Bolquhollie to your lordship luiking for favor and ressonabill eis 
herin seing the samyne hes been left and na effect takin therin. I will request your lordship 
for ane favorabill answer with this berar in writt wtherwayis your lordship may appordone me 
to sek the best reminde I may for my landis as wtheris wassellis to my Lord Buchan hes done 
afoir, quhilk I will be lothe do except your lordship refus ressone quher of your lordship hes 
nocht bene in us. 

Page (263). The 6th Laird's daughter MARY, wife of ALEXANDER INNES, 
of Coxton. This lady proved nearly as troublesome as the rest of her kins 
folk. On Dec. 24, 1640, Gilbert Ross, minister of Elgin, is appointed to go 
to the goodman of Cokstoune and his wife Marie Gordon " that she may quyte 
her obstinacie in poperies, repair to the kirk, and hear the word and partake of 
the Sacrament " (Cramond's Churches of the Parish of St. Andrews-Lhanbryd, 
p. 6). On Feb. 18, 1641, the goodwife of Cokstoune is to reply within eight 
days. On April 29 she promised to go to church. On Jan. 27, 1642, the 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. Ixxvii 

minister reported that he had good hopes for her conversion. For the 
present she is sick unto death, so no process is to be used against her. On 
July 27, 1643, she was to be processed if she be not a constant hearer of the 
word and " vse conferences, reading to the good meanes whilk may most con- 
duce for her conversione from poprie and superstitione ". On Aug. 10 she 
declares herself to be a Protestant and of the reformed religion and promises 
to be a constant hearer of the word. On Nov. 2 she is to be excommunicated 
if she do not " constantlie heare the word ". On Nov. 15 she promises to hear 
the word " if it should pleas God her health sould serve ". On June 18, 1646, 
the Presbytery ordained that some of the brethren should go and speak with 
the " goodwyf of Cockstoun ". On Aug. 6 it was reported that she had gone to 
Balvenie, " but Cockston did deale with her and be a good instrument to mov 
her to giv satisfaction to the kirk ". On May 7, 1647, it was ordained that if 
the goodwife of Coxton conform not, the process of excommunication is to go 
on against her. She died Aug. 20, 1647. ^ n Lhanbryd old churchyard there 
is a stone tablet on the side wall of the aisle in her memory, erected by her 
husband Alexander Innes of Coxtoun. "Two shields of arms Innes with- 
out difference, but without Aberchirder, and Gordon also, I think, without 
difference " (Family of Innes, p. 258). 

Page (264). The 7th Laird. The Book of Annualrentaris shows he was 
a good deal in debt. In 1633-4 George Gordon "younger of Gicht " owed: 
1,000 merks to Alexander Keith, portioner of Duffus ; 3,000 merks to 
Alexander Lyon of Muiresk ; 4,000 merks to Patrick Wod in Litill Ardo on 
the lands of Chapeltoun of Schives ; 100 merks to William Watson at the 
Mill of " Tollie " (Spalding Club Misc., iii., 96, 132). 

Pages (270-1, 273). The 8th Laird's daughter, MARIE. Marie Gordon 
married Lieut. -Col. John Gordon. In a single page manuscript deduction 
of the Newton family, in the possession of Mr. A. M. Gordon of Newton, it 
is stated that John Gordon, son of James Gordon of Newton (" who married 
Auchmacoes daughter"), married " the Ladie Gight ". This clearly means 
the Marie Gordon who puzzled me so much. She and her husband seem to 
have acted as tutors for her brother " Sir George's " daughter (Mrs. Davidson). 
The Newton deduction further solves the difficulty (stated on page 273) about 
the two John Gordons. 

Page (270). The gth Laird. " Georgius Gordon, films Baronis de 
Gight," entered Douai " aetat 12 ad figuras," on Nov. 9, 1663 (Diary of Scots 
Coll. at Douai). 

Pages (280-1). The nth Laird's issue. I find from papers in the posses- 
sion of Mr. A. M. Gordon of Newton that it was only the second son of the nth 



Ixxviii ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

laird of Gight who took the name of " Davidson ". The rest called themselves 
Gordon. The second son, Alexander Davidson of Newton, had a son Alexander 
Davidson alive in 1784 when his grandmother, Mrs. Margaret Duff Gordon, 
widow of the nth laird, bequeathed 200 to her son Lieut. Archibald Gordon, 
failing whom to Alexander Davidson, the son of her second son, and "100 to 
each of the latter's daughters, Mary and Margaret. She left her daughter 
Elizabeth her sole executrix. Robert Gordon, youngest son of Alexander, XI. 
of Gight, was alive in 1772, when it is stated that his patrimony, 400, had 
gone to purchase him an ensigncy in the 44th regiment. I find that Ensign 
Robert Gordon of the 44th Foot was gazetted a lieutenant in the 35th Foot 
in July, 1776 (Gent.'s Mag.). 

Page (281). The i2th Laird. Details about his connection in the estate 
of Newton, which his father owned, will be given at length in the section 
dealing with Newton. 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



THE BALBITHAN MS. 



NEW SPALDJNG CLUB. 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

THE valuable genealogical account of the family of Gordon, 
known as the Balbithan MS., is set in type here for the first 
time. It is printed from a small octavo volume of 159 pages, 
in a handwriting of the beginning of the eighteenth century. 
There is no title on the back, and no title page, but the late 
Mr. Charles Elphinstone-Dalrymple, to whom the manuscript 
belonged, and whose widow has kindly lent it to the Club, had 
written on the fly-leaf the legend : " Copy of the Genealogical 
Account of the Family of Gordon, called the Balbithan MS. ". 
The origin of the document is far from clear. The 
Dalrymple volume may or may not be the original, but it is 
certainly the basis of most, if not all, of the transcripts that have 
been made during the last quarter of a century. Some idea of 
the mystery of the manuscript is conveyed by the fact that one 
genealogist, the Rev. Dr. Temple, Forgue, gives two different 
accounts of its authorship in four years. In a letter to Mr. A. M. 
Munro, dated i6th October, 1890, he declares that the manu- 
script " was compiled about 1730 by one of the Gordons of Craig, 
and came somehow into possession of Gordon of Balbithan 
hence the name ". In his Thanage of Fermartyn (Aberdeen, 
1894, p. 350), the same writer tells us that "James Gordon, I. 
of Balbithan, was the author of a MS. history of the Gordons 
of date about 1730, called the Balbithan MS. ". Which of these 
statements is correct, I cannot say ; nor do we know how Mr. 
Dalrymple, who was a keen genealogist, and who married one of 

(3) 



4 PREFATORY NOTE. 

the Gordons of Parkhill, came to possess the B albit han MS. ; 
nor whether his was the original. The number of obvious mis- 
spellings of place names suggests that it was only a copy. 

One thing, however, is certain. The manuscript of 1730 
is identical in parts with an older one of 1644, a fragment of 
which, written on quarto sheets of paper and beginning at page 
31 and ending abruptly at page 46, is now in the University 
Library, Aberdeen. There has, however, been a slight re- 
arrangement of the text. Thus the 1644 fragment begins with 
the Cluny Gordons (page 1 9 of this Balbithan reprint) and goes on 
to page 24. It then turns back to pp. 7-9, and afterwards jumps 
to pp. 56-65. Equal obscurity overshadows the authorship of 
the 1644 MS. ; but the bare fact that both it and the Balbithan 
MS. deal at greatest length with the descendants of "Jock" 
Gordon of Scurdargue, suggests that the compiler, whoever he 
was, belonged to one of the many cadets of " Jock's " house. He 
only touches on the Lochinvar Gordons " I leave it to others 
to fill up what remains, not being informed thereof". He deals 
very briefly with the ducal line ; and in the case of the descen- 
dants of "Tarn" Gordon, the brother of "Jock," he soon finds 
himself " run aground for want of further and better information ". 

It is difficult to say when the Balbithan MS. was first used 
by genealogists. The manuscript pedigree of the Drummuir 
family, made about 1821, and now in the possession of Mr. 
Thomas Gordon Duff of Drummuir, was plainly based on it. 
Dr. Davidson seems to have made use of it in his Earldom 
of the Garioch, 1878, while Dr. Temple in the Thanage of 
Fermartyn, 1894, makes constant use of it, having had a 
transcript of Mr. Dairy mple's copy. 

Whatever the origin of the Balbithan MS., there can be no 
doubt as to its great value to the genealogist, for a reference to 
state documents and other historical sources corroborate its 

(4) 



PREFATORY NOTE. 5 

validity. As a whole it is wonderfully correct, especially in its 
details, coming down to beginning of the eighteenth century. 
Some cadets are brought down to a later date than others. 
Thus the Gight family is made to stop short at the eighth laird, 
though the existence of his daughter, the tenth laird (who died 
in 1 740), is just mentioned without a name. Other families, for 
instance, Park and Craig, are dealt with much more minutely 
during the period 1720-30. 

The Balbithan MS. has been printed exactly as it is written ; 
it is for the compilers of the pedigrees of the various branches of 
the house of Gordon, to deal with any emendations or additions 
that may be necessary. The variants of the 1644 MS. have 
been noted. 

In conclusion, it should be stated that the Gordons of 
Balbithan were cadets of the Gordons of Park, and did not 
purchase Balbithan until eighty-one years after the 1644 manu- 
script was written. One of the supposed compilers, James 
Gordon, I. of Balbithan, was not very fortunate in his own 
descendants, for his male issue died completely out in the person 
of his son, General Benjamin Gordon, II. of Balbithan. The 
estate then passed to a Forbes, and then to an Abernethy ; an 
ironic comment on the point of view which flouted the " Seton 
Gordons," and reminiscent of Sir Walter Scott's luckless attempt 
to found a line bearing the magic name of Scott. 

J. M. BULLOCH. 

jth November, 1901. 



THE BALBITHAN MS. 

To begin this History I propose this method to myself. First of all, I 
shall give an account of the Cadents of Huntley their descent, as they 
happened by prioritie of time, beginning from Sir Alexander Gordon 
the fourth of that Family of Huntly, who flourished in the Reign of 
K. Alexander the first Sirnamed the fierce about the year 1107, and 
so go on till our times. 

As for the Families of Jock and Thorn two Cadents of Huntly in 
the Reign of King Robert the Second about the year 1388, tho' I say 
these two Brothers were the first Cadents of Huntly, after Lochnavarr 
for any thing we read of, and so might claim a priviledge to be inserted 
in order of time yet upon the account of their Legittimacie being Con- 
traverted by some I shall here leave their Geneaoligie to be treated of 
in the last place. 

LOCHNAVAR. 

The first Cadent I find of the Family of Huntly is Robert Gordon 
of Stitchel third son to S r Alexander Gordon of Huntly the fourth of 
that Family, who lived in the Reign of King Alexander Sirnamed the 
fierce anno 1107. This Robert Gordon was also the third brother to 
S r William Gordon the fifth of Huntly who dyed in Affrica fighting in 
Support of Lewis the ninth King of France against the Saracens anno 
1260. This S r William dying without issue the Estate of Huntly fell 
to his Second Brother S r Adam Gordon, and before the said S r William 
left his native Country he left to this Robert Gordon the third Brother 
the Lands and Barronie of Stitchel. The King gave him the Lands 
of Ballachlaggan and Kenmoirdy for killing the wild Scot in Galloway. 
The said Robert married a noble and rich Heiress in Galloway by whom 

(7) 



8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

he had the lands called Glen Lochnavar and Kenmuire ; upon this lady 
he begot two sons S r John Gordon of Lochnavar and Robert Gordon 
of Glenturk, of whom the family of Glenturk is descended, he had also 
a natural son Adam Gordon, whom the great Sir William Wallace 
made Governour of the Castle of Wigtoun, of whom the Family of 
Vigtoun is descended. Their Father departed 

His Son Sir John Gordon of Lochnavar married , 

who begat three sons S r Robert Gordon of Lochnavar, William Gordon 
of Park of whom the family of Park, his third son Alexander Gordon of 
Muirfadd of whom the Family of the Haddibeys are descended. Their 
Father departed 

His son S r Robert Gordon of Lochnavar married Elizabeth Corson 
Heretrix of Glen, and begat three sons S r William Gordon of Lochnavar, 
and John Gordon of whom the familys of Knockenard and Garry are 
descended ; his third Son Robert Gordon called red-haffet of whom the 
family of Collithy's come. Their Father departed 

His son S r William Gordon of Lochnavar married my Lord 
Sachar's Daughter Chrichton and begot two sons, S r John Gordon of 
Lochnavar, and William Gordon of whom the families of Arieck and 
Crastanount and Killenoch are descended. Their father dyed 

His Son S r John Gordon of Lochnavar married Elizabeth Maxwell 
daughter to my Lord Haries with whom he begot three Sons, S r 
Robert Gordon of Lochnavar and William Gordon, of whom the 
families of Denmuckham [Den and Muckham *] are descended, his 3d 
Son Alexander Gordon of whom the family of Burdcross is descended. 
Their father dyed 

His Son S r Robert Gordon of Lochnavar conquest the Lands of 
Badenoch [Bannoch 1 ] and Boyll in Ireland; he married Elizabeth 
Ruthven daughter to the Earl of Gaurie and begat four sons, John 
Gordon Viscount of Kenmore, his second William Gordon of Butole 
and his family, James Gordon of [Upper 1 ] Burdcross and his family, 
his fourth son Alexander Gordon of Arrick and his family. Their 
father departed in peace 

His son John Gordon ad Viscount of Kenmore married the Earl of 
Argyle's Daughter Campbell and sister to the M. Argile and begot sons 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(8) 



BALBITHAN MS. 9 

and daughters who all dyed in their nonage. S r Robert Gordon of 
Lochnavar brothers son, son to William Gordon of Butle is now called 
James Gordon Lord Lochnavar and Viscount of Kenmore who Lived 
1664, [Lives in this present year 1644 *] an< ^ here I leave it to others 
to fill up what remains not being informd thereof. 

The next Cadents I read of was Jock and Thorn two sons of Lord 
Adam Gordons Lord of Huntly and Strathbogie and the Eleventh of 
that noble Family begotten upon Elizabeth Cruickshank, Asswanly's 
daughter about the year 1376, but for the above reason I pass by them 
and proceeds to the next Cadents viz. 



THE FAMILY OF ABERGELDIE. 

The Geneologie of Alexander first Earle of Huntlys second son Sir 
Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie begotten on Chancellour Chrichton's 
Daughter about the year 1445. Here the Manuscript that goes under 
Proneys name is guilty of an double error: the first in calling the 
forsaid Alexander Gordon of Abergeldy the third son of Alexander first 
Earl of Huntly, whereas indeed he was the second son begotten on 
Chancellour Crichtons daughter ; the second error is in asserting the 
forsd Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie to be not only the third son of 
the first Earl of Huntly but also begotten on the Heiress of Enzie 
^Egidia Hay, whereas indeed as above he was the second son of the 
said first Earl begotten on Chancellour Crichtons daughter. As for 
the Heiress of Enzie Aegidia Hay she only bore to the said first Earl 
of Huntly only one son named Alexander, and after that was divorced. 
Her son Alxr. got from his Father the first Earl the Lands of Tough 
and Tillabody in Stirlingshire wherewith he rested satisfied retaining 
the name of Seton to this day. 

Having cleared this I return to S r Alexander Gordon first Laird of 
Abergeldie who married the Earl of Errols Daughter Hay, upon whom 
he begot two sons and four daughters. His Eldest son George Gordon, 
his second son William Gordon Laird of Netherdealls who dwelt in 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(9) B 



10 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Ruthven of Cromar ; his eldest daughter married my Lord Lovat, the 
second married the Laird of Craigevarr Mortimer, the third married 
the Laird of Clova Ogilvy, the fourth married the Laird of Derlaithers 
Garden (of whom is come the family of Mr. Robert Garden of Bellie- 
more) and after his decease she married the laird of Achlossen Ross. 
Their Father the said S r Alexander Gordon dyed 

His eldest Son George married Grizal Stuart the Earl of Buchan's 
Daughter with whom he begat a son called Alexander Gordon, he had 
also a Natural son called William Gordon in Logics. Their father the 
said George Gordon and second Laird of Abergeldie dyed 

His son the forsaid Alexander third Laird of Abergeldie married 
the Heiress of Barns Jean Leith Lady Meldrum, with whom he begat 
three sons viz., Alx r Gordon, the second James Gordon of Lastis, and 
Mr. William Gordon. Their Father dyed 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon 4th Laird of Abergeldie married 
the Laird of Drum's daughter Irvine, with whom he begat six sons and 
six daughters, his eldest son Alexander Gordon, the second Mr. William 
Gordon of Stering, the third John of Craibstone, the fourth George 
Gordon who was killed at the Battle of Glenlivet 1594, the fifth son 
Thomas Gordon of Grandhome, the sixth James Gordon of Eston ; his 
eldest Daughter married Alexander Gordon of Tulloch Chancellor of 
Murray, his 2d Daughter married Mr. Thomas Menzies Provost of 
Aberdeen, the 3d Daughter married the Laird of Achenhoove Dugat 
and after his death she married the Laird of Ballquhain Lesly, the 
fourth Daughter married Patrick Mortimer, the sixth a natural 
Daughter married James Farquherson of Inveray. Their father dyed 
at home. 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon fifth Laird of Abergeldie married 
Margaret M c intosh, Lady Grant and Lady Pitsligo. He dyed without 
issue. 

His brother Mr William Gordon of Stering succeeded being the 
sixth Laird of Abergeldie, he married the Laird of Peitbroths. 
Daughter Seton with whom he begat five Sons and two Daughters, 
his eldest son Alx r Gordon of Abergeldie, 2d John Gordon, 3d 
William Gordon, 4th Thomas Gordon, the 5th Son James Gordon ; 
his eldest daughter married Donald [Farquharson] son of Mon- 
altrie, the 2d Mary, married the Laird of Sheves Gray. Their 

(10) 



BALBITHAN MS. II 

Father the 6th Laird of Abergeldie dyed in the House of Abergeldie 
1630. 

His Eldest son Alexander Gordon yth Laird of Abergeldie married 
Mr Thomas Nicollsons daughter who had succession. [Alex r married 
Euphemia Graham of Morphie by whom he had an only child Rachel 
Gordon, heiress of Abergeldie, who married Captain Charles Gordon, 
son of Peter Gordon 2nd son of Minmore from whom the present 
family derive. 1 ] 

THE CADENTS OF ABERGELDIE. 

Sir Alexander Gordon first Laird of Abergeldy his second son 

W m Gordon of Netherdeal married and begat a Daughter who married 

, and got with her in Tocher the Lands of Netherdale. 

The said Mr William Gordon was killed in Ruthven by John Gordon 

alias John Geer. 

James Gordon of Lestis married Donald Coutts daughter of Kinarnie 
with whom he begat three sons, viz. Thomas Gordon, John Gordon in 
Letach in the parish of Skene, and James Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen, 
and Alexander Gordon. 

This forsd. William Gordon married Janet Cairngill and with her 
he begot Alexander Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen. 

John Gordon of Craibston married and had succession. 

Thomas Gordon of Grandhome married Alexander Forbes of Miln 
of Gellans Daughter and had succession, and after her Death he married 
the Laird of Lesmoirs daughter Lady Frendraught. 

James Gordon of Eston married Marion Scrimgeour and with her 
he begat one Son appearand Heir of Eston. 

The forsd William Gordon natural son to George 2d. Laird of 
Abergeldie married the Laird of Tullochs daughter Irving with whom 
he begat five sons Alexander, Robert, James, and John Gordons of 
Coull. 

BELDORNIE. 

The Cadents of Mr Adam Gordon 3d son of Alexander first Earl of 
Huntly begotten on Chancellour Crightons Daughter comprehending 
the familys of Beldorny Drummois and Golspeter in Sutherland. 

1 Added by Mr. Dalrymple. 



12 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

This Mr Adam Gordon Dean of Caithness and Governour of Petty 
begat three natural sons and a Daughter on a Gentlewoman viz. Mr 
George Gordon of Beldorney, John Gordon of Drummoyesin Sutherland, 
and Mr William Gordon Chancellour of Dunkell ; his Daughter married 
the Laird of Findlater Ogilvy and after his death she married John 
Gordon son to George 5th Earl of Huntly. The forsaid Laird of Findlater 
Ogilvy disponed the Lands of Findlater and Achindown to the said 
John Gordon Laird of Findlater who married his Lady. 

The said Mr George Gordon of Belldornie married the Barren of 
Killravocks Daughter Ross, with whom he begot two sons and two 
Daughters viz. his eldest son Alexander Gordon of Belldornie, the 2d 
son George Gordon dyed without succession ; his Eldest Daughter 
married John Gordon of Bucky, the 2d married the Goodman of 
Kinninvie Lesly. Their Father the said George builded the House 
of Belldorney and dyed 

His Eldest Son the forsaid Alx r Gordon of Belldorney married the 
Laird of Grants Daughter with whom he begat four sons and three 
Daughters viz. his eldest Son George Gordon of Belldorney, 2d Alex- 
ander Gordon of Kyllehon in Badenoch, 3d son Adam Gordon 
Glenrinnes ; his Eldest Daughter the Laird of Asswanly, his 2d 
Daughter married William Gordon of Farnachty, his 3d married 
Alexander Grant in Tulloch. Their Father the said Alexander 
dyed 

His Eldest Son George Gordon of Belldorney married the Laird 
of Newtowns Daughter Gordon, with whom he begat Sons and 
Daughters. 1631 his eldest son Gordon of Belldorney married 
the Laird of Muirhouse daughter Lyon with whom he begat 



DRUMMOYES. 

Mr Adam Gordons second Son John Gordon of Drumois married 
the Vicar of Kilmachlys daughter Sutherland, with whom he begatt 
four sons viz. Hugh Gordon of Belnatom, Alex 1 Gordon of Sidera, John 
Gordon of Golspiter, and little John Gordon of Bakes. Their father 
the said John Gordon of Drumoye died 

His Eldest Son Hugh Gordon of Belnatome married Ossala Tulloch 

(12) 



BALBITHAN MS. 13 

the Provost of Forres Daughter with whom he begat Oliver Gordon 
of Drumoye ; he had two natural sons viz. John Gordon in Gartly and 
Thomas Gordon in Helmsdale. Their Father Hugh Gordon dyed 
His son Oliver Gordon married Andrew Minro Miltons daughter with 
whom he begat three sons viz. Hugh Gordon of Bellentome, Mr Gilbert 
Gordon and John Gordon of Killmalyie mar. ; and to his second wife 
he married the Daughter of James Clunas burgess in Cromartie with 
whom he begat three Sons and two Daughters. 

John Gordon of Drummoy his zd son Alexander Gordon of Sidera 
married William Innes of Daughter with whom he begat a 

daughter who married Charles Peop, and to his 2d wife he married the 
Parson of Duffus daughter Keith with whom he begat John Gordon 
fiar of Sidera, who married Jannet Symer daughter to Mr. Symer 
Burgess in Edenburgh who had succession. 

John Gordon of Drummoys third son John Gordon of Golspeter 
married and begat three sons and four daughters viz. John Gordon 
younger of Golspeter, George Gordon of Rogey, and Hutcheon Gordon, 
he had also a natural son called Alexander Gordon of Uppat. Their 
Father the said John Gordon of Golspeter dyed . His son John 

Gordon younger of Golspeter married the Laird of Findracies daughter 
Lesly who had Succession. His natural son Alexander Gordon of 
Uppat married the Laird of Pullrosies daughter who has succession. 

John Gordon of Drumoyes 4th son little John Gordon of Babeys 
married Margaret Innes daughter to with whom he begat three 

sons, viz. Robert Gordon who dyed unmarried, Adam Gordon of 
Gillecalmorell, and Alex r Gordon of Savach ; he had also two natural 
sons viz. Gilbert Gordon of Ruging and John Gordon of Brora. Their 
father the said Little John Gordon dyed . His son Adam 

Gordon married Mackeys Daughter and has succession ; his second son 
Alexr Gordon of Savach married Hector Monro's Daughter of Pitfower 
and has succession. 

SUTHERLAND. 

The Cadents of George ad Earl of Huntly's second Son S r Adam 
Gordon, begotten on Errol's sister; of whom is descended the Family 
and Earl of Sutherland about the year 1479. 

(13) 



14 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

S r Adam Gordon Lord Aboyn married the Heirress of Sutherland 
with whom he begat three sons and one daughter, viz. Alexander 
Gordon second Earl of Sutherland, Mr Gordon and Mr Adam Gordon ; 
his daughter married George Gordon of Tillachawdy ; he had also 
a natural son Thomas Gordon in Mallades. Their father the forsaid 
Adam first Earl of Sutherland died 

His eldest son Alexander 2d Earl of Sutherland married the Earl 
of Athols daughter Stuart with whom he begat John Gordon 3d Earl 
of Sutherland. His Father the said Alexander dyed 

His son John 3d Earl of Sutherland married the Earl of Argile's 
Daughter Countess of Murray, she died without succession ; he 
married to his 2d wife the Earl of Lennox's Daughter Countess of 
Errol, with whom he begat Alexander Gordon 4th Earl of Sutherland. 
His Father dyed 

His son the forsd. Alexander Gordon fourth Earl of Sutherland 
married the Earl of Huntly's daughter Margaret Countess of Bothwell 
with whom he begat three sons and two daughters, viz. his eldest son 
John Gordon 5th Earl of Sutherland, Robert Gordon Knight Barronet, 
and Sir Alex r Gordon of Newdells ; his eldest Daughter married the 
Laird of Ballnagown Ross, the 2d Daughter married Mackey Laird 
of Strathnaver : the 4th Earl of Sutherland dyed 

His eldest son John 5th E. of Sutherland married my Lord 
Elphinston's daughter with whom he begat three sons and two 
daughters viz. John Gordon his eldest son 6th Earl of Sutherland, 
Adam Gordon, and George Gordon ; his eldest daughter married the 
Laird of Frendraught James Crighton, his second daughter married 
the Laird of Pitfodells Menzies. Their father dyed 

His eldest son John 6th E. of Sutherland married my Lord 
Drummond's Daughter and begat sons and daughters, viz. John and 
George Gordons; after her death he married my Lord Lovat's 
daughter. 

THE CADENTS OF THE FAMILY OF SUTHERLAND. 

The first Earl of Sutherland's 2d. son had one Daughter who 
married John Gordon of Golspiter. 

Mr. Adam Gordon of Farar his Brother married the Goodman of 



BALBITHAN MS. 15 

Cairnborrow's daughter Margaret Gordon first spouse to my Lord 
Salton's Son Michael Abernethie. This Margaret Gordon, after her 
second Husband's death viz. the said Adam Gordon of Farrar, married 
to her 3d. Husband the Laird of Lesmoires Second son Alexander 
Gordon of Birkenburn. 

Adam first E. of Sutherland his Natural son Thomas Gordon 
of Meillades married and begat sons. 

Sir Robert Gordon Knight Barronet 2d. son of Alexander 4th E. 
of Sutherland begotten on the E. of Huntly's daughter Countess of 
Bothwell married Mr John Gordon Dean of Salisbury's daughter a near 
Relation of George 4th E. of Huntly, of whom is come the Family of 
Gordonston. His son Gordon heir of Mowney married Mr 

Robert Farquhar of Mownie his Daughter. 

Sir Alex r Gordon of Newdale married and 



GIGHT. 

The Cadents of George 2d. E. of Huntlys third son William 
Gordon Laird of Gight and Sheeves, begotten on Errolls Sister, about 
the year 1479. 

Sir Patrick Maitland Barren of Gight and Sheeves leaving only 
three Daughters, Earle George got the gift of the Ward of their 
marriage, and his said third son William Gordon not being willing to 
marry any of the three daughters, Earl George provided them of other 
Husbands, with whom he transacted for the Lands of Gight and 
Sheeves, which he gave to his son the said William. 

This William Gordon Laird of Gight married Jannet Ogilvy Laird 
of Boyn's daughter, w 4 whom he begat three Sons, and a Daughter. 
His eldest son Sir George Gordon of Shives, 2d. James Gordon of 
Cairnbanack, and John Gordon of Ardmachar ; his Daughter married 
John Grant of Bellindalloch. Their father the forsd. William Gordon 
first Laird of Gight was killed in the Battle of Flowden 5th Septr. 1513. 

His eldest son S r George Gordon of Sheeves and 2d. Laird of 
Gight married a daughter of Robert Gordon of Fetterletter, who was 
brother to the Laird of Haddo. The said Sir George Gordon built the 
House of Gight and dyed without issue. 

(15) 



l6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

His brother James Gordon of Cairnbannack succeeded, the 3d. 
Laird of Gight, and married the Laird of Strathloch's daughter Cheyn, 
with whom he begat two sons, viz. the eldest son Alexander Gordon 
Laird of Gight, and Mr. William Gordon, who perished in the water 
of Boggie without succession ; he had also a natural son John Gordon 
in Milltown of Noath. Their father, the forsd. James Gordon of Cairn- 
bannack dyed 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon 4th Laird of Gight married 
Agnes Beton daughter to the Cardinal, with whom he begat one 
daughter who married S r George Hume Earl of Dunbarr. He was 
killed on the shoar of Dundee by the M r of Forbes and the Goodman 
of Towie Forbes, where the Laird of Gight and the Goodman of Towie 
killed each other. 

His Uncle John Gordon of Ardmather married James Gordon's 
Daughter who was the first Laird of Lesmore, with whom he begat 
four sons and daughters : his eldest son succeeded to the Estate of 
Gight and was called William Gordon, the 2d. son Captain John 
Gordon was killed at Dunniebirsell, the 3d. son Alexander was killed at 
the wars in. Holland, the 4th son George Gordon was killed by the 
M r of Monteith ; his eldest Daughter married the Laird of Strichen 
Chalmers and after his death she married the Laird of Philorth's 
brother, the 2d. daughter married the Laird of Hay and after his 

death she married Patrick Grant of Rothemurcus, his 3d. daughter 
married the Laird of Achynachie Sinclair, the fourth married the Laird 
of Banchory Garden, the 5th married the Goodman of Clackriach Keith, 
and one married the Laird of Haddo's brother. Their father the said 
John Gordon of Ardmather dyed 

His eldest son the said William Gordon succeeded to the Estate 
of Gight, being 5th Laird of Gight, he married the Laird of Kellies 
daughter Achterlownie with whom he begat seven sons and seven 
daughters ; his eldest son George Gordon Laird of Gight, John Gordon 
of Ardlownie, William Gordon killed in Turreff, the 4th Patrick Gordon, 
and Adam Gordon killed by Francie Hay, Alex r Gordon, and Robert 
Gordon. One daughter married S r Adam Gordon of Park and Glen- 
buicket, one married the Laird of Bucholly, another married the Laird 
of Cults Alexander Innes, one James Cheyne of Pennin, one the 
Goodman of Harthill Leith, one married Alexander Gordon of Tulloch 

(16) 



BALBITHAN MS. 17 

and after his death she married Thomas Gordon of Pittendreich brother 
to the Laird of Cluny, and another married George Gordon of Cushney. 
Their father the forsaid William Gordon dyed 

His eldest son George Gordon Sixth Laird of Gight, married the 
Laird of Bonnytown's Daughter Wood, with whom he begat two sons 
and three Daughters, his Eldest Son George of Gight, one Daughter 
married William Hay Broth r to the Earl of Errol, one married the Laird 
of Foverin Turin, one married the Goodman of Coxton Innes ; and after 
the death of the Laird of Bonneton's Daughter he married my Lord 
Salton's daughter Abernethie with whom he begat one son and a 
daughter, his Son Geo. Gordon of Ardestie married the Laird of Cars 
Daughter Monteith. Their father the said George dyed anno 1641. 

George Gordon 7th Laird of Gight married my Lord Ogilvies 
Daughter and begat two Sons and a Daughter. 

George Gordon 8th Laird of Geight married the Laird of Ludqu- 
harn's Daughter Keith, and begat a daughter and dyed 



THE CADENTS OR 20. SONS OF GEIGHT. 

Captain John Gordon married the Laird of Shevthins Daughter 
Affleck with whom he begat two Daughters and was killed at Dinniber- 
sell without more succession. 

John Gordon of Ardmather's son Alexander married a Gentle- 
woman in Holland and begat with her Captain Alx r Gordon in Holland. 
This Alexander married in Holland and begat a Son who was a Captain 
anno 1633. Captain George Gordon son to John Gordon of Ardmather 
married the Lady Skillmaroch and begat one Daugh r . 

John Gordon of Ardlogie married Cap 1 Thomas Keir's Daughter, 
with whom he begat four sons and two daughters, Captain Adam, John, 
Collonel Nathaniel Gordon, Captain Gordon ; one Daughter married 
Cap 1 . John Gordon Son to Knockespack. 

Patrick Gordon Son to William Laird of Gight married Margaret 
Ereskin Daug r . to the Laird of Ardeslie and has succession. 

Adam Gordon Son to William Laird of Gight married 
Daughter to of that Ilk. 



l8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Robert, William Laird of Gights Son married Ogilvie Kempkairns 
daughter. Alexr. Married daugr. of Hay. 

James Gordon of Cairnbannacks natural son in Milltown of Noath 
married and 

LETTERFURIE. 

The Genealogie of George 2d. Earl of Huntly's youngest and 4th 
Son James Gordon of Letterfurie. 

James Gordon of Letterfurie married the Laird of Germachs 
daughter Jannet Butter with whom he begat four Sons, viz. his 
eldest Son John Gordon of Curriedown, Patrick Gordon of Letter- 
furie, Wm. Gordon in Orkney, and Alexander Gordon of Crommellat. 

John Gordon of Comedown married Elizabeth Currour, with whom 
he begat John Gordon of Curriedown ; he married to his 2d. wife the 
Goodman of Muiraik's Daug r Gordon, and with her he begat John 
Gordon of Chappelton, he married the Goodman of Achanachies 
daughter Gordon, with whom he begat Adam Gordon who was killed 
by one Leslie in Keith 1634, and James Gordon in Dunbanane some- 
time Baillie in Strathbogie. 

Patrick Gordon of Letterfurie married the Goodman of Drainies 
daughter Innes, with whom he begat five sons and Daughters, his eldest 
son James Gordon of Letterfurie, John Gordon of Coffurach, Tho. 
Gordon of Currydown, Robert Gordon Burgess in Elgin, and Mr 
Patrick Gordon ; one Daughter married the Goodman of Tannachy 
Stuart, one married John Ross of Bellivate, one married Walter Ross 
of Badyvochell. Their Father the said Patrick Gordon dyed 

His eldest son James Gordon of Letterfurie married the Goodman 
of Buckie's Sister Gordon, and dyed without issue. 

To him succeeded John Gordon, Thomas Gordon his eldest Son, 
who married Gordon of Achintoulls Daughter and with her 

begat one son called James Gordon of Letterfurie who married Grizell 
Dunbar daughter to Sir William Dunbar of Durn, with whom he begat 
four sons and four daughters, viz : his eldest son Pat. Gordon, William 
Gordon, James Gordon, and Alex r Gordon; his eldest daughter Jannet 
Gordon, his 2d. daughter Anne Gordon married to Logic Ogilvie, his 
3d. Jean Gordon who dyed unmarried, and the youngest Mary Gordon ; 

(18) 



BALBITHAN MS. IQ 

all these save Jean yet live. The forsaid John Gordon after his wife 
Gordon of Auchentoull's daughter her death married to his 2 d wife 
Mary Innes Achluncharts Daughter on whom he begat a son Alexander 
Gordon present Governour of Port S 4 - Ferara. 

The forsd. Thomas Gordon married the goodman of Buckie's 
daughter who has succession seven sons and one daughter married 
on Walter Ogilvie of Ragell. 

John Gordon of Coffurach married Jas. Harper's Daughter who 
has succession. 

Robert Gordon married William Lesly's Daughter Burgess in 
Elgin with whom he had succession, and after her Decease he married 
the Goodman of Coxton's daughter Innes ; his children with the first 
wife James Gordon of Ardneadlie Baillie of Eurie [Enzie] , John Gordon 
of Achinhallrick, and Thomas Gordon of Myreton, and one Daughter 
married to Innes of Drainy and after to Hay of Knocken. 

William Gordon in Orkney married there and has good succession. 

Alexander Gordon of Crommellat married a Brother Daughter to 
Abernethie Lord Salton, and begot with her three^sons, his eldest son 
John Gordon in Littlemill, Alx r . Gordon in Craigyhead, and 
Gordon who married Ritcheson's daughter in Haughs of Grange and 
got with her the Woodsett of Walkmill of Rothiemey ; and after her 
Decease the said Alexander married the Goodman of Muraicks daughter 
Gordon with whom he begat sons and daughters, his eldest son Adam 
Gordon at the Miln of Gartley. 



CLUNY. 

The Cadents and Geneaologie of Alexander Laird of Strathawen 
and Cluny, the 3 d son of Alexander 3 d Earl of Huntly. 

The manuscript here under Proneys name has fallen into another 
mistake in calling this Alexander Laird of Strathawen the second son 
of Alex r third Earl of Huntly, whereas indeed he was only his third 
son : for the said Alexander third Earl of Huntly had only four Sons, 
viz. George the Eldest who died without succession and of whom there 
is no memory, John the Second Lord Gordon of whom is come the 
Family of Huntly, Alexander the third Son who was Laird of Strathawn 

(19) 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

and thereafter of Cluny of whom is come the Family of Cluny, and the 
4th son William Gordon who was Bishop of Aberdeen. 

The said Alexander first Laird of Strathawen married the Laird of 
Grants Daughter with whom he begat two sons and four daughters, his 
eldest son Alexander, heir of Strathawen, and John Gordon. His eldest 
daughter married the Laird of Altar Gumming, one married the 
Laird of Pitsligo Forbes, one married Pat. Gordon Goodman of Oxhill, 
the 4th daughter married Andrew Halyburton of Drummoys. The 
said Alexander their Father excambed (with his father) the Lands of 
Strathawen, with the Lands of Cluny in Mar, reserving his own liferent, 
and the Heritable Right of Blairfindy. He dyed in peace in Drummin. 
It seems also that the said Alexander first Laird of Strathawen first 
married my Lord Glames Daughter, by whom he had no children, and 
after her death he married Grants daughter as above. 

His eldest Son Alexander Gordon heir of Strathawen married the 
Laird of Banff's Daughter Ogilvy with whom he begat a daughter, 
who married James Gordon of Birkenburn. He died without further 
succession. 

His Brother John Gordon succeeded to the Estate of Cluny. He 
married Thomas Gordon of Auchenheif and Goodman of Cracullie's 
daughter Margaret Gordon with whom he begat two sons and five 
daughters, his eldest son Sir Thomas Gordon, and John Gordon of 
Bissmoire ; his eldest daughter married the Laird of Pitcaple Lesly, 
one married the Laird of Cubbardy Murray, one the Laird of Craigie- 
varr Mortimer, one married the Laird of Pittodrie Ereskine, and 
the fifth married John Grant of Carron. Their Father the said John 
Gordon Laird of Cluny built the Castle of Blairfindy and dyed therein 
anno 1586. 

His eldest son S r Thomas Gordon Laird of Cluny married the 
Earl of Angus Sister Dam Elizabeth Dowglass with whom he begat 
six Sons and a Daughter, his eldest Son Sir Alexander Gordon of Cluny 
Barronet, Patrick Gordon of Ruthven, William Gordon of Coxton 
[Cottone *], Mr. Thomas Gordon of Pittendreich, Mr George and John 
Gordons ; his Daughter married James Gumming Laird of Alter. Their 
Father the said Sir Thomas married to his second wife Grizall Stuart 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(20) 



BALBITHAN MS. 21 

the Earl of Atholls Sister with whom he begat two Daughters, the one 
married the Laird of Carnousie Ogilvy, the other the Laird of Birkenbog 
Abercromby. The said S r Thomas died in Cluny. 

His eldest Son S r Alexr. Gordon Barronet of Cluny married the 
Laird of Craigstons daughter Urquhart who was tutor of Cromarty, 
with whom he begat one son Sir Alexander Gordon heir of Cluny, who 
married the Laird of Wardhouse daughter who dyed in France without 
succession. His father the said Sir Alexander Gordon of Cluny married 
to his second wife the Laird of Newtons daughter Lady Wardess. 

THE CADENTS OF THE FAMILY OF CLUNY. 

John Gordon of Bissmoire married the Laird of Lesmoirs daughter 
who was first Lady Auchintowell and after married [afterward 1 ] 
Lady Ballindalloch with whom he begat two sons, his eldest son 
Patrick Gordon of Bissmoir, his second John Gordon of 
Their father the said John Gordon of Bissmoir was killed at the ride 
of Tarnway by ane shott from the House 1591. 

His eldest son Patrick Gordon of Bissmoire married Jean Lesly 
Daug r to the Provost of Aberdeen and has succession, viz : Alexr'. 
Gordon of Bissmoir who married Patrick Lesly Provost of Aberdeen's 
daughter. The Provost Sir Patrick Lesly purchast the Lands of Eden. 
His brother John Gordon [married *] and has succession. 

Patrick Gordon of Ruthven married the Laird of Cowdies Murray's 
daughter and has succession. 

Wm. Gordon of Cottan married Gordon and has succession. 

Mr Thomas of Pittendreich married the Laird of Gights daughter 
Gordon, and has succession. 

George Gordon married the Parson of Kinairnies daughter Burnet. 

Sir Thomas youngest son John Gordon married ane Captains 
daughter in Holland. 

This Alexander Gordon who was first Laird of Strathawen had 
two natural sons, viz : George Gordon of Tombea, and William Gordon 
in Dellmore. This George Gordon of Tombea married Jannet Grant 
and begat with her two sons and a daughter viz'. Alex r Gordon in 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(21) 



22 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Tombea, and James Gordon in Achdrigny; his daughter married 
Alexander Grant in Inverury. Their father George Gordon died in 
Tombea. His son Alexander Gordon in Tombea married Jannet 
Stuart with whom he begat four Sons, Geo. Gordon in Tombea, 
Jo., Patrick and William Gordons. Their Father dyed [in peace 1 ]. 
James Gordon in Achdrigny begat one son called William Gordon ; 
this forsd. William Gordon in Achmoir [Delmoir 1 ] married Issabel 
Grant with whom he begat four sons viz : Alexander Gordon who 
dwells [dwelt 1 ] in Cruchly, Thomas Gordon in Neve, John in 
Inverury, and Adam Gordon in Achnascra. Their father was killed 
by some of the Clanchattan in Dellmore, his fourth son married and 
had succession in Strathawen. 

THE CADENTS OF JOHN LORD GORDON. 

Alexander Bishop of Caithness had a son Dean of Sutherland 
[Salisberry x ] whose Daughter married Sir Robert Gordon brother to 
the Earl of Sutherland and James Gordon Chancellour of Murray, who 
dyed without succession. 

THE CADENTS OF WILLIAM GORDON, BP. OF ABERDEEN 

fourth son to Alexander 3 d Earl of Huntly. 

This William Gordon Bishop of Aberdeen had two natural Sons, 
viz. M r John Gordon who coft some Houses in the Old town of Aberdeen, 
and Mr Walter Gordon ; the said M r John Gordon dyed without Suc- 
cession, his brother M r Walter succeeded to his Houses and Lands 
and married and begat a son called W m Gordon. 

THE CADENTS OR SECOND SONS OF GEORGE 4TH EARL OF HUNTLY. 

John Gordon 3 d Son to George fourth Earl of Huntly married the 
Lady Findlater, daughter to Sir [Mr 1 ] Adam Gordon Dean of Caithness 
and Governour of Petty ; he was execute at Aberdeen after the battle 
of Corrichie 1563 ; he had no Children. 

Adam Gordon Laird of Achendown the fourth son fought first 
the battle of Tillyangus against the Forbesses, where my .Lord 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(22) 



BALBITHAN MS. 23 

Forbes Brother [Son l ] black Arthur was killed, with severall others ; 
and within forty days thereafter fought the Battle att Craibston 
near Aberdeen, where my Lord Forbes eldest Son was taken prisoner ; 
the Forbesses killed, and quite defeat. Immediately thereafter at the 
Bourd of Breichen he chased fourteen Earls Lords and Barrons 
taking many Prisoners ; he also took in the Houses of Drumminor, 
with several other houses belonging to the Forbesses ; he banished the 
Forbesses out of the North to Dundee where they remained three 
Quarters of a year, he possessed their Houses [with his Captains and 
friends l ] and took up their Rents during that time. He dyed in peace 
in the Town of Perth the second of Deer : 1580. 

His Brother Sir Patrick Gordon succeeded to the Lordship of 
Auchindown and Gartly, he married the Lady Gights Daughter [Gight 
Dam 1 ] Agnes Beton, he was a brave Champion like to his brother 
Adam, and did good service to his Nephew Geo: first Marquise of 
Huntly in time of his troubles ; he was killed in the Battle of Glenlivat 
[Oldchonachon in Strathawin 1 ] I4th. Octr: 1594; he had no succession 
save only a natural son, Captain in the French Guards. 

Mr James was a religious man and dyed in France as did Mr 
William his brother who was designed for Bishop of Aberdeen. 

Mr Thomas Gordon married the Lady Innes, he had a natural 
daughter married Thomas Hamilton in Caithness. 

The youngest Brother Mr Robert Gordon was killed rashly and had 
no Succession. 

THE CADENTS OF GEORGE STH EARL OF HUNTLY. 

Alexander Gordon Laird of Strathawn Second Son to George fifth 
Earl of Huntly married the Earl of Caithness daughter Sinclair Countess 
of Erroll with whom he begat a son Alexr. Gordon Lord of Dunkintie, 
and three daughters. Their father the said Alexander dyed in peace att 
CambellfCamdell 1 ]. 

His Son Alexander Gordon Laird of Dunkinty married the goodman 
of Ballindalloch's daughter Margaret Grant with whom he begat five 
sons and three daughters ; his eldest son George Gordon, Alexander 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(23) 



24 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

and John Gordons. He excambed the Lands of Strathawen for the 
Lands of Dunkinty and got a great sum of money. He and his eldest 
son George were killed at the Stalking in the forrest of Glenawen 9 [19 l ] 
August 1633 by some of the [rogues of the 1 ] Clachattan lurking there 
and were buried in the Gordons Isle in the Chanry Kirk of Elgin. 

THE CADENTS OF GEORGE FIRST MARQUISE OF HUNTLY. 

Francis Gordon the Second son died young while he was Student 
at the Colledge. 

Lawrence Gordon his fourth Son died in Strathbogie of Eighteen 
[20 l ] years of age. 

His fifth son Lord John Gordon of Melgin [Melgum *] and Aboyn 
married Sophia Hay daughter to the Earl of Errol with whom he begat 
one Daughter Henret Gordon ; the said Lord John was burnt in the House 
of Frendraght and John Gordon Laird of Rothemay, with four Servants 
Gentlemen, upon Fridays night the eight of October 1630 and buried in 
the Isle of Gairtly. It's here remarkable that before this tragical 
accident the said Family of Frendraught was in a very flourishing 
condition as any of their rank in the North, and tho' they were not to 
be reached by the Law after tryal, yet it seems the Secret but Just 
Judgment of God so pursued them that their Estate suddenly vanished 
away like the morning dew, and their posterity evanished, scarcely 
being any now living to represent them, and besides all whoever 
matched with that family were liable to signal misfortunes. Meldrum 
of Hatton being put to a legal Tryal for that horrid murder suffered 
upon the account of malum minatum et damnum secutum. 

THE CADENTS OF GEORGE SECOND MARQUISE OF HUNTLY. 

His eldest Son George Lord Gordon was killed at the Battle of 
Alford. 

James Lord Aboyn the second Son dyed in France of sickness 
and toil contracted in Montrose Wars. 

Lord Lewis the third son married the Laird of Grants daughter, 
Argile then being in possession of the whole Estate of Huntly; and 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(24) 



BALBITHAN MS. 25 

the other two above Brothrs. dying without children the said Lord Lewis 
succeeded and was reponed to his Parentall Estate of whom is come the 
Family of Gordon. The said Lord Lewis begat on Grants Daughter 
one Son, Lady Anne, Lady Mary, and Lady Jean Gordons ; his eldest 
son George first Duke of Gordon who succeeded his Father and got the 
gift of his forefaulted Estate from King Charles the Second. The 
eldest daughter Lady Anne never married, the second daughter Lady 
Mary first married the Laird of Meldrum Urquhart, and after his Death 
she married the Earl of Perth Chancellour in King James the yths 
time, and was by him Created Duke and Duchess of Perth. Lady 
Jean Gordon the 3 d daughter married the Earl of Dumfermling Seton 
who died in France without succession. 

Charles Earl of Aboyn Etc. 4th Son to the said George 2 d Marquise 
of Huntly married the Laird of Drum's daughter Margaret Irvine who 
had no children. The said Earl Charles of Aboyn married to his second 
wife the Earl of Strathmores daughter Lyon, with whom he begat three 
sons and daughters, his eldest son who succeeded to his Father, 

Mr George and Mr John Gordons. His eldest forsd. Earl of 

Aboyn married the Earl of Strathmores daughter Lyon, with whom 
he begat John Earl of Aboyn now in Life, and three daughters Lady 
Helen the eldest married to the present Representative of Kinnaird, 
the second Lady Elizabeth and the 3 d Lady Grace Gordons. The said 
John present Earl of Aboyn married the Lord Carnwaths daughter 
Lockart. 

My Lord Hary Gordon 5th Son to George Second Marquise of 
Huntly married Madam Rulten but had no succession, he dyed att 
Drumdellzie in Strathbogie. 

George Lord Gordon who was killed att Alford had a Natural Son 
James Gordon of Achmull, who has a son James Gordon in Loanhead 
now in life. 

I need not here inform my Reader that George first Duke of 
Gordon having married Elizabeth eldest daughter to the Duke of 
Norfolk had no more Children but only one Son and a Daughter, his 
Eldest and only Son Alexander Second Duke of Gordon married the 
Earl of Peterborrows daughter his Sister Lady Jean Gordon married 
my Lord Drummond thereafter Earl of Perth and by King James the 
Seventh Duke of Perth. 

(25) D 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

JOCK AND THOM. 

The Geneaology of Jock the Heiress Eldest Brother and stock of 
Pittlurge. 

I proceed now to account for the genealogie of Jock and Thorn 
the Heiress two Brothers begotten by Adam Gordon fifth Lord of 
Huntly on Elizabeth Cruickshank Aswanlies daughter in the Reign of 
King Robert the Second about the year 1383. 

Here indeed occurs no small difficulties raised and objected by the 
contending Partys pro et con, the Family of Huntlys disputing the 
Legittimacy of the said two Brothers Jock and Thorn their birth ; the 
second difficulty is, allowing their birth to be good and Lawfull, the 
Cadents of Jock who was undoubtedly the Eldest brother and so owned 
nemine contradicente spleet amonst themselves ; some contending Buckies 
Family was Jocks eldest son, others again contending and that not 
without Reason that Pitlurge's predecessors was undoubtedly Jocks 
eldest son begotten in a Lawfull and regular marriage. 

In these straights it is hard, yea simply impossible, to satisfy all 
Parties, as I observed before, only as a Lover of the truth without 
being attached to either of the contending partys I shall without 
prejudice or favour plainly set down, what is commonly alledged by 
each to support their pretensions, and what has been most commonly 
and universally received about these disputes, from the beginning to 
this present Age ; and Last of all I shall Leave it to the impartial 
Reader to make a Judgment according to the strength and weight of 
the Evidences brought and Examined by both sides in sober cold blood. 

As to the first, the Legittimacy of Jock and Thorn their birth, it's 
questioned on these Heads. First, that it was inconsistent with the 
Honour and Prudence of Lord Adam Gordon to have married so meanly 
and far below his birth, as this Elizabeth Cruickshank was, who at the 
best must claim no higher than the station of a private and obscure 
Gentlewoman and a mean Vasalls daughter; and the rather to 
confirm this, it was never alledged they were formally and Lawfully 
married, but only hand fasted, and if there was any private promises 
made twixt the parties spe matrimonii, yet the same were not binding in 
Law, and accordingly the said Lord Adam annulled the same by his 
entering into a lawfull and regular marriage w* another the Earl of 

(26) 



BALBITHAN MS. 27 

Sommerveile's daughter, and Esto they had been Lawfully married, yet 
on second and Just considerations the first marriage might have been 
annulled by Divorce or non adherence etc. 

To this its answered that inequality of Birth does in no ways 
dissanull marriages, many Instances might be adduced where great 
and noble persons have married below their birth meerly for fancie and 
pleasure ; and if the marriage was clandestine and not so formall 
Lawfull and regular as it ought to have been, its to be remembered 
that Church discipline or Ceremonies of the Church were not then so 
strictly observed as now they are, especially having to do with a person 
of Lord Adam's Birth, honour and great Interest and Sway in the 
North. Consensus et Copulatio facit matrimonium, only the Church by 
the Ceremony, declares the marriage Lawfull, which was real before 
their declaratory Sentence, and we know that a Justice of Peace in 
England [Scotland] may Lawfully marry where both parties are 
willing and Consenters. 

2 do its answered inequality of Birth in that marriage was the ruin of 
Jock and Thorn, they not being capable by Friends to Copp or debate 
with the Heiress their Sister, or claim any share in their Father's 
inheritance save only what he pleased to give them out of his free good 
will. 

Lastly its answered their Legittimacy was owned in so far, as Jock 
and Thorn and their posterity to this hour were allowed to bear and 
keep in their publique Ensigns and Coats of Arms, upon all publick and 
private occasions, the bare and simple Arms their father and all the 
Family of Huntly had used from their first arise in Scotland till then ; 
without any addition or alteration, far less any mark of Bastardie ; and 
to be sure (as was observed formerly) the office of herauldrie and giving 
out Coats of Arms and bestowing other such honours was the Kings 
province the fountain of all honour who very well knew how to bestow 
honours on such as were worthy and deserving of them, and if any 
should take upon them to assume to themselves such Coats of Arms as 
they deserved not, they were severely handled by authority for their 
presumption, and if there was any blot in their birth be sure it was 
insert in their Scutcheon, and there were narrow Inquiry of this taken 
by the King and others he employed for that purpose. Now the Lairds 
of Pittlurge Jocks Representatives being frequently honoured with the 



28 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

dignity of Knighthood by the Kings, and having also att Pinkie and 
several other publick Battles and appearances still carried in their 
Banners and Coats of Arms the Antient Arms of the House of Huntly 
without any mark of Bastardie, could they have done this so avowedly 
publickly and without challenge had they not been truly thought deserv- 
ing of the Same as their right and proper heritable due. I shall trouble 
my Reader with no more on this first objection viz : Jock and Thorn's 
Bastardie. 

I proceed to the second difficultie viz : whither Pittlurge or Buckie 
be the eldest son of Jock both laying claim to it, whose pretensions and 
reasons shall be impartially examined and weighted. Its beyond 
Contraversie that Jock and Thorn were the two sons begotten by Lord 
Adam Gordon fifth Lord of Huntly and Strathbogie upon Elizabeth 
Cruickshank Asswanlie's daughter before the said Adam his second 
marriage with the Earl of Somervills daughter, and that of these two 
Brothers Jock was the eldest ; in this all parties agree. But then comes 
the competition who was this Jocks eldest Lawfull son ? Buckie and 
these come of him assert that this Jock was first married to Hanault 
Mccleud of Heiras daughter, Sister to the Lady M c intosh at that time, 
with whom he begat a Son called Alexander Gordon of Essy of whom 
Bucky is come. 

Pittlurge and all come of him absolutly deny this marriage, tho' 
they own that Jock begot on this M c Leod the said Alexander Gordon, 
who was only a Bastard begotten on a free woman but not of a married 
Couple. 

Pittlurge further advances that his predecessor the said Jock was 
never Lawfully married save only to the Laird of Gights daughter 
Maitland with whom he begat three sons viz. John Gordon of Botarie, 
William Gordon of Tillytarmount, and James Gordon of Haddo. 
Their Father the said Jock or John Gordon the Heiress brother 
gave Botarie and the Lands of Langar in the Merns which he 
conquest, to his eldest Lawfull son John of Botarie and gave 
the lands of Essy and Scordairg to his Bastard Son the forsd 
Alexr. Gordon of Essie. For Confirmation of Pittlurge's pretensions 
its further advanced that both parties Buckie as well as Pittlurg doe 
own Jocks marriage with the Laird of Gights Daughter Maitland, and 
the issue proceeding therefrom to be Lawfull, which never any to this 

( 2 8) 



BALBITHAN MS. 2Q 

hour made ever the least objection or exception against ; whereas all 
come of Pittlurg did ever and constantly deny any Lawfull marriage 
twixt Jock their sd predecessor and Mackleod of Haris daughter. 
Again, the Lairds of Pittlurg as the eldest Sons of Jock were richly 
provoided, at first with large provisions of Lands by their Fathers, viz, 
the Lands of Pittlurge Boaterie and Langor, were advanced and 
dignified with the Kings honours, and on all publick occasions behaved 
and were owned by all as the Representatives and Chiefs of Jocks 
Family without any opposition Contradiction or Challenge or pretensions 
to the contrary ; till of Late the last Duke of Gordon coming North 
with his Lady to Aberdeen, and being to be publickly entertained by the 
Magistrates of that Burgh, the throng of Gentry and others attending 
them was very great and pressing up stairs who could first make his 
entry, by chance Bucky went up some steps of the stair before the 
Laird of Pittlurge, and Pittlurge in the throng takes hold of Buckie's 
coat to win up. Buckie not out of any design sets Pittlurge back, only 
to keep himself free of the Press. Pittlurge takes this as a design of 
Buckies to take place before him, whereas indeed there was no such 
thing in Buckies mind : however Pittlurg retires and is highly offended. 
The Duke and Dutchess missing Pittlurge call for him again and again, 
till the story is told that had passed, the Duke and Dutchess send for 
Pittlurg to his Quarters, telling they would not sit down to Dinner till 
he came. Upon this Pittlurge comes and is placed at the Head of the 
Table on the Dutchess Left hand the Duke being on her right hand, and 
the Laird of Buckie had his place below the Duke. By this Situation 
and preferment of place att Table, both Duke and Dutchess seemed to 
give the precedence to Pittlurge, and did all they could for to humour 
him and take away the quarrel. Pittlurg not satisfied with all this, 
sends Buckie a Challenge to fight, the Duke and Dutchess finding 
matters come to that height interpose at Meldrum, and in a publick 
company Buckie offers satisfaction to Pittlurge, assuring he had no 
such Design against him to strive for Place or Precedence, and in 
testimony thereof drank first to Pittlurg his Service, whereupon the 
Seeming mistake was comprimised and Pittlurg satisfied. This tedious 
but true relation I had from severall good Gentlemen witnesses present 
to all had passed. Besides I have known Buckie express himself very 
modestly and mannerly on that head without the Least tincture of 



30 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

pride vanitie or affectation, only the grand Objection they insisted upon 
was this, that M c leaod of Haris daughter being of such account and 
following they could not imagine how Jock in point of good manners 
could or was safe, to get her with child, and not marry her. However 
this might be answered, I think these nice and frivolous intestine 
debates amongst friends ought not to be too passionately insisted upon, 
especially considering both Partys own Jock for their common un- 
doubted parent and therefore let none take it ill that I begin and go on 
with the Laird of Pittlurge's Genealogie as Representative of Jock, 
seeing antiquity tradition and uninterrupted possession seems all to 
concur to give Sentence in his and predecessors favour ; reserving all 
due honour and respect for the Family of Buckie, which all must own 
is truly antient and honourable. 



PlTTLURGE. 

To return then as I hinted before John Gordon the Heretrix 
brother married to his Lawful! wife the Laird of Gights daughter 
Maitland with whom he begat three sons viz. his eldest son John 
Gordon of Boterrie of whom Pittlurg is come, his 2 d son William 
Gordon of Tillytermont of whom- Blelack Lesmoir and Craig are come, 
and James Gordon of Meithlick thereafter Laird of Haddo his third 
Son of whom are come the Earl of Aberdeen. Their father the said 
John Gordon dyed and was buried in the Kirk of Essy, others say in 
the Kirk of Botarie. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Botarie Langar and Pitlurge married 
my Lord Pitsligo's daughter Forbes, with whom he begat two sons John 
Gordon Laird of Pittlurge Botarie and Langar, his second son James 
Gordon of Cairnborrow. Their father the forsd. John Gordon ex- 
cambed the Lands of Langar with the Barroney of Travechin, he 
conquest the Lands of Pittlurge. He dyed in peace and was interred 
in the Burial place of the Kirk of Botarie. 

His son John Gordon second Laird of Pitlurge married the 
Earl o Athols daughter Stuart, with whom he begat a son John 
Gordon third Laird of Pittlurg; likewise he begat on a Gentlewoman 
Maitland two natural sons and two daughters viz. William Gordon of 

(30) 



BALBITHAN MS. 31 

Belchirrie and George Gordon of Kindrught ; one daughter married 
the goodman of New Forbes, another married Menzies Provost of 
Aberdeen. Their Father the forsaid John Gordon 2 d Laird of Pittlurg 
was killed at the battle of Pinkie anno 1547. [He married secondly 
Margaret Drummond. It was his son who fell at Pinkie. 1 ] 

His son John Gordon 3 d Laird of Pittlurge married Jannet Ogilvie 
of Cullen's daughter, with whom he begat a Son John Gordon of Pitt- 
lurge. Their father died. 

His Son John Gordon fourth Laird of Pittlurg married my Lord 
Forbes daughter with whom he begat two Sons [and a daughter 
Barbara married Hon. Alex. Elphinstone, 3 d son of fourth Lord 
Elphinstone l ] viz. John Gordon fifth Laird of Pittlurg and Mr Robert 
Gordon of Strathlock. Their Father dyed in Kinmundy and interred 
in their ordinary burial place in Martinkirk anno 1600. 

His Son John Gordon sixth Laird of Pittlurg married the Laird 
of Kinnairds daughter Kinnaird, with whom he begat a daughter 
married to Thomas Gordon son to John of Bagos sherriff Deput 
of Aberdeen. 

His Brother Mr Robert Gordon seventh Laird of Pittlurg and 
Strathlock married the Laird of Lenturks daughter Irvine, with whom 
ne begat Ten sons and six Daughters : viz : the eldest son Robert, 
John, Mr. William, Alexander Advocate in Edenburgh, Mr James 
Parson of Rothemey, George, Hugh, Arthur, Patrick and Lodvick 
Gordons ; one daughter married Alexander Urquhart of Craighouse 
in Ross, Mary was married to the Goodman of Achencreive Richard 
Maitland, Jean, Barbara, Margaret, and Anne his daughters. 

His eldest son Robert Gordon eight Laird of Pittlurge and Strath- 
lock married the Laird of Leyes daughter Burnet. 

The Genealogy of the Laird of Pittlurg's natural sons. 

William Gordon of Bellchere married Janet Gordon the Goodman 
of Blelacks daughter with whom he begat two Daughters, one married 
Thomas Spens in Brunstone the other married William Grant of 
Blairfindie. His Second natural Son called George Gordon in Fyvie, 
who married and begat John Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen. His 3rd 

1 Added by Mr. Dalrymple. 



3 2 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Natural Son George Gordon of Kindrught was Master-hushold to the 
first Marquise of Huntly who married 

CAIRNBORROW. 

The Cadents or second Sons of the Laird of Pittlurge viz James 
Gordon of Cairnborrow gotten upon the Laird of Pitsligo's daughter 
Forbes. 

James Gordon of Cairnborrow was the ist Laird of Pittlurg's 
Second Son and first Cadent of that family begotten upon the Laird of 
Pitsligo's daughter Forbes. The said James Gordon of Cairnborrow 
married the Laird of Barns daughter with whom he begat three sons, 
viz. his Eldest son George Gordon of Cairnborrow, his second son 
William Gordon of Abachie, and his third Son M r James Gordon of 
Cromellat. Their father the said James Gordon of Cairnborrow dyed 
and was interred amongst his predecessors in their ordinary Burial 
place of Martin or Botarie Kirk. 

Here again Abachie's people do pretend to be the said James 
Gordon of Cairnborrows eldest son, but very unjustly ; for it does not 
consist with reason, prudence, or practice, that the Father should leave 
the greatest and far better part of his Interest, and that by which he 
and his successors were designed and tituled to his second son George 
Gordon of Cairnborrow (as Abachies people would have it) and only 
leave Abachie) which was but a small and inconsiderable part of his 
Estate to his eldest son by which the father nor his eldest sons were 
never designed nor took the Title thereof; but on the contrair the said 
George Gordon the eldest son and Representative of his father retained 
the paternal Estate and Title, and he and his has been so owned even 
by Abachie and Achanachie giving Cairnborrow the preference, as their 
Paternal and heritable due and right, whereof Instance could be adduced 
were it proper. 

So I go on with the Genealogie of this eldest Son George Gordon 
of Cairnborrow who married Alexander Gordon of Drumoyes 
Daughter, Sister to Alex r Gordon of Proney, Katharin Gordon who was 
spouse to Achencrive Maitland, next to the Laird of Ardneidlie Baylie, 
and thereafter married the said George^Gordon of Cairnborrow with 
whom he begat a Son and two daughters viz : John Gordon of Cairn- 

(32) 



BALBITHAN MS. 33 

borrow: his eldest daughter Margaret Gordon married first my Lord 
Salton's Son Michael Abernethie with whom he begat a Daughter 
married to John Gordon of Licheston, the said Margaret was second 
spouse to M r Adam Gordon son to the Earl of Sutherland and after his 
death she married Lesmoir's son Alex r Gordon first Birkenburn ; George 
Gordon of Cairnborrows second Daughter Katharine Gordon married 
first Drainie Innes and after his death she married the Goodman of 
Coxton Innes. Their Father the said George was killed in the Battle 
of Pinkie 1547. 

His Son John Gordon of Cairnborrow married Bessy Gordon 
Buckies daughter with whom he begat Eight Sons and three Daughters, 
his eldest Son John Gordon Laird of Cairnborrow and Edenglassie, the 
second George Gordon of Sockach, the third son James Gordon of Far- 
naughtie, the fourth Son M r William Gordon who coft Cairnborrow, 
the fifth M r Arthur Gordon, the Sixth Son M r Thomas Gordon of 
Artloch, 7 th Son Robert Gordon of Gollachie, Eight Son Patrick Gordon 
of Craigston in Sutherland ; all these Eight sons with their Father 
each having a Jackman and a footman went with the Earl of Huntly 
and Erroll from Cairnborrow to the Battle of Glenlivat, a good Company 
being twenty Seven well mounted men out of one Family. His eldest 
daughter married the Laird of Eden Meldrum, and after his death she 
married the Laird of Craigston Tutor of Cromarty her name was in 
the Said House of Craigston. His Second daughter Margaret Gordon 
first maried the Goodman of Craighead M r John Duff who bore to him 
Eleven Sons of whom is come Braccho, and all the opulent Sir-name 
of Duffs; after the Craigheads Death she married the goodman of 
Milton Ogilvie in the parish of Keith ; she built the House of Craighead, 
which is now reazed, she built the House of Milton, Achoynanie and 
the Steeple of Keith ; her name and Husbands is on the House of 
Achoynanie dated 1601 ; she was interred in her Paternall Burial place 
in the Kirk of Botarie. His third daughter married M r Alex 1 Gordon 
of Tulloch Chancellour of Murray Glengerack's Predecessor. Their 
Father the said John Gordon of Cairnborrow dyed in Cairnborrow and 
was honourably buried in Martin kirk. 

His Son John Gordon Laird of Edenglassie and representative 
of the Family of Cairnborrow married first the Laird of Wattertons 
daughter Bennerman now Lairds of Elsick, with whom he begat three 

(33) E 



34 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Sons and two daughters, his eldest son William Gordon Laird of 
Rothemey and Stock of Cairnborrow, his second Sir Adam Gordon 
of Park Glenbuicket Innermarkie Edenglassie and Achinandach, his 
third son John Gordon Laird of Invermarkie Edenglassie etc. ; his 
eldest daughter married the Laird of Brux Forbes, his second 
daughter married Robert Coutts Laird of Achterfoull. The said 
John Gordon Laird of Edenglassie etc. married to his second wife the 
Lady Benum and Lady Foveran, her name is on the House of Glen- 
buicket which he built but by that Lady he had no Succession. He 
coft the Lands of Benum, had also Caffurrach Tynet and Tulloch 
in the Enzie ; he sold the Lands of Benum again and with the 
money thereof he assisted his two eldest sons to buy the Lands and 
Estates of Rothemey and Park from the Lord Salton Abernethie, which 
cost them very dear, not only the price of the Lands but also continual 
trouble and Law pleas, and the life and blood of two worthy Gentlemen 
Lairds of Rothemey the father and the Son Successively. Their father 
dyed in peace in the House of Edenglassie, and was honourably buried 
in the Kirk of Edenglassie, but should have been in the Kirk of Botarie 
the Ordinary Burial place of their family and good Ancestors. 

His Eldest Son William Gordon Laird of Rothemey and Repre- 
sentative of Cairnborrow married first the Barron of Killravock's daughter 
Ross Lady Foules who had no succession ; after her death he married 
my Lord Forbes daughter Katharin Forbess with whom he begat two 
sons and five daughters. His Eldest Son John Gordon Laird of Rothe- 
mey unmarried was burnt in the House of Frendraught with Lord John 
Gordon of Aboyn 8 th of October 1630. His Second Son James Gordon 
a Student at the Colledge who succeeded to his father and Brother. 
The forsaid William Gordon Laird of Rothemey their Father was killed 
by the Laird of Frendraught and the Laird of Banff Ogilvie, they 
being five score of men horse and foot and the Laird of Rothemey 
being but ten Horsemen 2 d January 1630, so that if you reckon right 
you'll find only ten months twixt the killing of the Father and the 
burning of the Son. 

It's credibly reported of this worthy and brave Gentleman that 
finding Frendraught's Party too strong for him, he was reasonably 
averse to go out and encounter them (the contraversie being about 
some Marches and a little parcel of Contraverted ground) till his Lady 

(34) 



BALBITHAN MS. 35 

insinuate if he did not go, it would be a reflexion on his Honour. This 
if it was true, was but bad Counsel!, and unadvisedly offered. Rothemey 
upon this goes out with only ten of his menial Servants mounted in 
haste on horse and engages Frendraught and Bamff and being over- 
powered with numbers his Horse is killed under him and falls to the 
ground with his Rider. In this fall Rothemeys Helmet went off and 
ere he could recover himself he received his Death wounds in the Head, 
notwithstanding of which he gets hold of a firelock and with one shot 
he killed one Adam Gordon of Frendraughts Partie and wounded some 
others fighting Couragiously till he gott another Horse which he 
mounted and made a honourable retreat and comes home with his 
Servants to the House of Rothemey, and seeing his Lady tells her he 
had faced Frendraught, and called for a Drink to his Servants who had 
behaved themselves as became and desired his Piper to play and with 
his Servants he Danced round about the Hall and having lost much 
blood and finding himself faint, he desired his Lady to make his Bed 
and told her he would never rise again in life. 

After the death of the said William and John Gordons father and 
son the said James Gordon a Student then at the Colledge succeeded 
to the Estate of Rotheymey. He married the Laird of Pittfoddells 
daughter Menzies, with whom he begat sons and daughters, his eldest 
son John Gordon Laird of Rothemey and Representative of the family 
of Cairnborrow. 

His eldest son the said John Gordon married Elizabeth Barcley 
Heiress of Towie and with her got the Lands of Towie. With her he 
begat two Daughters viz M rs Anne Gordon who dyed unmarried of 
a Decay, the .second daughter M rs Beattie Gordon married first Sir 
George Innes of Coxton who dyed at Scoon after Shirriff-muire ; with 
her the said S r George begats sons and daughters. The said John 
Gordon of Rothemey begat on his Lady the Heiress of Towie a son 
called Peter, who being next dore to an Idiot was induced to Dispone 
the Lands of Towie to the said Sir George Innes his Brother in law 
who now possesses the Estate of Towie, the right Heir only retaining 
ane Aliment during life. 

James Gordon Laird of Rothemey had Several daughters, one 
married To Nethermuire Gordon, one married to Wartle Elphinston, 
one married to David Tyrie of Duniedeer. 

(35) 



36 HOUSE OF GORDON. 



PARK. 

It's here to be remembered that the Family of Rothemey being 
terminated and Extinct in the person of the said Idiot, the Right of 
Representation fell in to S r John Gordon of Park as Heir to his Grand- 
father S r Adam Gordon of Park who was the second brother to the 
said William Gordon first Laird of Rothemey and representative of 
the family of Cairnborrow ; and therefore I go on with the Genealogie 
of the said S r Adam Gordon of Park with Heirs Successors and 
Cadents. 

Sir Adam Gordon of Park was the second son of John Gordon 
of Edenglassie etc., begotten on the Laird of Watterton's daughter 
Benerman. He married to his first Lady the Laird of Gight's daughter 
Gordon, with whom he begat two Sons and a Daughter, viz. S r John 
Gordon Second Laird of Park Glenbuicket Edenglassie Invermarkie 
Auchinhandoch Achoinane and Cabrach, his Second Son Captain Adam 
Gordon married to Cairnwhelp's daughter ; their Sister Issabel Gordon 
married John Innes of Coldcoats of whom is come the present Laird of 
Dunkintie. The said S r Adam Gordon after his first Ladys death 
married to his second Lady Helen Tyrie the knight of Drumkilbos 
daughter, with whom he begat three sons, viz, Patrick Gordon Laird 
of Glenbuicket, his second son Francis Gordon who went to Polland 
and married a rich match there, he dyed in Polland without succession, 
His third son who was Father to the tutor of Glenbuicket ; 

one daughter married John Innes of Codrain Father to S r Alexander 
Innes of Coxton of whom the Towie Innesses alias Barcley are come, 
one Daughter married David Tyrie of Duniedeir, another married 
Thomas Gordon of Milne of Smithston, another Magdalen married 
Gordon of Collithie alias Paullie. Their Father the s d Sir Adam 
Gordon dyed in Glenbuicket Septr 1629 and was Interred in the 
Church of Glenbuicket. 

His eldest son S r John Gordon second Laird of Park etc. married 
Hellen Sibbald daughter to S r James Sibbald of Ramkiller in 
Fifeshire with whom he begat three sons and three daughters, viz. 
his eldest son S r John Gordon of Park and Cluny, his second son 
S r George Gordon of Edenglassie Invermarkie Auchinhandoch Carnousie 

(36) 



BALBITHAN MS. 37 

and Crannoch, his 3 d son Mr David Gordon of Achoynanie, he had also 
a natural son Patrick Gordon of Rhynie ; One of his Daughters married 
the Laird of Muirhouse Lyon, another married the Laird of Eden 
Leslie, the third daughter married the Laird of Tillery Cuthbert. 
Their Father the said S r John Gordon second Laird of Park dyed and 
was honourably Interred in his Isle of the Kirk of Park. 

The said S r John's Brother Patrick Gordon of Glenbuicket married 
the Lady Leyes Couts with whom he begat a Son Gordon Laird 

of Glenbuicket who married the Laird of Glenbervie's daughter Dow- 
glass, with whom he begat three Sons and a Daughter, viz. his eldest 
son Captain Adam Gordon Laird of Glenbuicket who dyed abroad in 
Holland of a Decay, his Second Son Lifetennant Robert Gordon who 
married and yet lives, his 3 d Son Ensign Alexander Gordon who 
yet Lives ; their Sister dyed. The said Patrick Gordon Laird of Glen- 
buicket dyed att Aberdeen and was buried in the Gordons Isle in the 
Cathedral Kirk of Oldmacher being Laid down by my Lord Gordon's 
side who was killed at Alford being both of them very Intimate in their 
life, and brave men as the Age produced, and now no doubt are more 
ardent in Love and affection in heaven. The said Patrick Laird of 
Glenbuicket had a Brother who was father to John Gordon tutor of 
Glenbuicket who married Agnes Gordon Badinscoth's Daughter with 
whom he begat three sons and two daughters, viz, George, Alexander, 
and little Captain Adam Gordon ; One Daughter married John Ogilvy 
heir of Kempcairn. 

The said Sir John Gordon second [sic] Laird of Park and by 
Rothemeys death representative of Cairnborrow married four times 
honourably. First he married my Lord Dundees Aunt Graham, with 
whom he begat one daughter Hellen Gordon married to the Laird of 
Achlunchart Innes, who yet lives. After his first Ladys death he 
married M re Jean Forbes sister to S r Alexander Forbes of Tallquhon 
with whom he begat a Daughter Mrs Beattie married on John Gordon 
of Drumwhyndle now of Craibston who yet lives ; After his second 
Ladys death he married Mrs Katharine Ogilvy of Kempcairns daughter 
with whom he begat two daughters Mrs Anne married Arradoull Anderson 
who yet lives, another Mrs Margaret who married Innes of Knockorth 
she also lives ; Lastly after his third Ladys death he married Dame 
Helen Ogilvy (who yet lives) the Earl of Airly 's daughter with whom 

(37) 



38 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

he begat one son (who succeeded his father), Viz. Sr James Gordon 
fourth Laird of Park and representative of Cairnborrow. His Father 
the forsd S r John Gordon third Laird of Park dyed and was honourably 
interred in his Isle within the Church of Park. 

His Second Brother S r George Gordon of Edenglassie Carnousie 
Sherriff-principal of Bamffshire and Captain of the Independent Troop 
of Horse that belonged to the Earl of Annandale married Mary Aber- 
cromby daughter to S r Alexander Abercromby of Birkenbog, with 
whom he begat two sons and four daughters, Viz. his eldest son John 
Gordon Laird of Edenglassie, and George Gordon his second son now 
Laird of Carnousie and Cranoch who lives ; his eldest daughter married 
the Laird of Boynlie Forbess to whom she bore one daughter married 
to the present John Gordon Laird of Glenbuicket, his second daughter 
married the Laird of Diple Duff to whom she bore this present Laird 
of Bracoe Duff and severall Sisters, his 3 d daughter Mary died un- 
married, the 4th daughter Elizabeth married the Laird of Lewchars 
Innes, and bore to him the present Laird of Lewchars and daughters. 
The said Sir George Gordon of Edenglassie and Carnousie dyed att 
Carnousie and was honourably and splendidly buried in the Isle of 
Corncairn or Ordewhill his whole Troop in Mourning and a great 
retinue of his friends accompanying his Interment with all Martial 
Solemnitie. 

His eldest Son John Gordon Laird of Edenglassie married 
Mary Gray Coheiress of Ballegerno with whom he begat a Son 
George Gordon who married a Gentlewoman of the Sirname of 
Carnegie, the said George Gordon went abroad and being a sprightly 
and handsome Gentleman and great Schollar lives very genteel as I 
am told in Holland. 

His second Son George Gordon present Laird of Carnousie and 
Cranoch married the Laird of Brux daughter Forbes, with whom he 
begat four sons and four daughters, viz Arthur Gordon young Laird 
of Carnousie, the Second Roderick Gordon, Charles and Alexander 
Gordons ; his eldest Daughter married the Laird of Law and Ward- 
house, the second married Sir William Gordon of Lessmoir. His 
eldest son Arthur Gordon of Carnousie married the Lady Lessmoir 
Mary Duff with whom he begat 

S r John Gordon second Laird of Park his third son M r David 

(38) 



BALBITHAN MS. 39 

Gordon Laird of Achoynane married Jannet Gordon daughter to the 
Laird of Terpersie with whom he begat a son James Gordon of Achoy- 
nane now of Balbithan [the Author of this Memoir ?] and a daughter 
Mary Gordon. The forsaid James Gordon of Achoynanie married first 
Elizabeth Burnet Sister to Sir Alexander Burnet of Craigmyll with 
whom he begat severall sons and daughters who dyed in their nonage 
and after the death of his s d first wife he married Towie Innes daughter 
Grandchyld to the Laird of Balvenie Innes, with whom he begat one 
son Benjamin Gordon, and three Daughters viz Isabel, Henret and 
Hellen Gordons. 

The forsaid Sir James Gordon fourth Laird of Park and Represen- 
tative of the family of Cairnborrow married to his first Lady my Lord 
Saltons daughter Helen Frazer, with whom he begat two Sons and a 
daughter, viz, his eldest Son S r William Gordon of Park the fifth and 
present Laird, his second son John Gordon ; his daughter Mrs Hellen 
Gordon married to Culben Duff. After the death of Saltons daughter 
the said Sir James married the Lady Ballquhain my Lord Elphinstons 
Sister with whom he begat one Son Laird of Cobbardie and three 
daughters viz. Mrs Ann Mrs Beatty and Mrs Mary. The said S r 
James their father dyed of ane Apoplexy in his journey to Aberdeen att 
Pooll Wells and was honourably transported from thence to the Church 
of Park and interred in his own Isle, his death was very much Lamented 
by all, being a brave and good Gentleman snatched away in the flower 
and prime of his years. 

ABACHIE. 

The Genealogie of William Gordon of Abachie second Son of James 
Gordon of Cairnborrow begotten on the Laird of Barns Daughter. 

The said William Gordon of Abachie married Robert Innes of 
Drainies daughter with whom he begat ;a Son and two daughters, his 
eldest Son James Gordon of Abachie ; his eldest daughter married the 
Laird of Ardneidlie Thomas Baylie, his second daughter married the 
Laird of Pittcaple Leslie. Their father the said William Gordon dyed 

His son James Gordon of Abachie married the Laird of Foverans 
daughter with whom he begat four Sons, viz : John Gordon of Abachie, 

(39) 



40 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

George Gordon in Drumhead, Alexander Gordon in Baid, and William 
Gordon in Auchmull. Their father the said James Gordon dyed 

His eldest Son John Gordon of Abachy married the Laird of 
Netherdales daughter Abernethy with whom he begat three Sons and 
five daughters ; his eldest Son John Gordon of Abachie, Adam Gordon 
of in Kaithness, and Patrick Gordon of Cairnwhelp ; the eldest 

daughter married the Laird of Muiresk Dempster, one married James 
Duff of Tillysoull, one married Andrew M c pherson of Cluny in Bade- 
noch, one married George Ogilvy of Achairn, one married James Gordon 
of Davoch in Ruthven. Their father dyed in Achanachie. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Abachie married my Lord of Inver- 
achies daughter Sister to the Earl of Athol Stuart, with whom 
he begat four sons and daughters, his eldest Son John Gordon 
fiar of Abachie, George Gordon of Achanachie, James and Thomas 
Gordons. 

The forsd John Gordon fiar of Abachie married the Laird of 
Wardhouse daughter Leslie, with whom he begat one Son called John 
Gordon of Achanachie. The forsaid John fiar of Abachie dyed in the 
flower of his Age before his father. 

His Son John Gordon married the Laird of Talquhons brother 
daughter Forbes. 

The Second Sons of the house of Abachie and Achanachie. 

George Gordon of Drumhead married and begat John Alexander 
and George Gordons and one Daughter who married John Lesly of 
Haughs thereafter married Tho : Gordon of Artloch. 

Alexander Gordon of Baid married and begat Alexander Gordon 
who married Jannet Slorach. He died in Baid without Succession. 

William Gordon of Achmull and Adam Gordon in Kaithness 
married and begat. 

Patrick Gordon of Cairnwhelp married Dunbar with whom 
he begat Sons and Daughters, his daughter married Captain Adam 
Gordon Son to the Laird of Park his eldest Son Gordon in Tillysoull 
married Skipper Anderson's daughter, one daughter married Lachlan 
Ross of Comedown. 

George Gordon of Achanachie married the Earl of Mortons brother 
daughter w l whom he begat four Sons John Gordon. 

(40) 



BALBITHAN MS. 4! 

CROMMELLAT. 

The Genealogie of Mr James Gordon of Crommellat third son of 
James Gordon of Cairnborrow begotten on the Laird of Barns Daughter. 

This Mr James Gordon of Crommellat married Alexander Gordon 
of Pronies daughter Issabel Gordon with whom he begat two Sons, 
Viz John Gordon of Crommellat, and Thomas Gordon Constable of 
Strath bogie. The said Mr James their father was killed by a Gentle- 
man of the Name of Birnie who was execute for the same. 

His eldest Son John Gordon married the Laird of Netherdales 
daughter Jannet Abernethy with whom he begat a Son called John 
Gordon who went to Pole and married a rich merchants Daughter there 
and became very rich and has Succession. The forsaid John Gordon 
of Crommellat begat two natural Sons, William Gordon who dwelt in 
Sutherland, and Mr Thomas Gordon in Overhall Pedagogue to my 
Lord Gordon second Marquise of Huntly. The forsd William married 
in Sutherland, Mr Thomas Gordon in Overhall married the Goodman 
of Achanachie's daughter. 

Mr James Gordon of Crommellat's second Son Thomas Gordon 
married and begat two Sons and a daughter, viz : Alexander Gordon 
married M rs Dempster and was servitor to my Lord Gordon, and John 
Gordon servitor also to my Lord Gordon he married Alexander Gardens 
daughter of ; Thomas Gordons Daughter married Patrick 

Gordon in Collithie. 

Before I end the Genealogie of Cairnborrow and their Cadents I 
must tell you that Severalls of their Posterity are extinct, only the 
family of Artloch is represented by William Gordon of Drumwhyndle 
and William Gordon of Farsken, two Brothers, sons of William Gordon 
a Second Son of Artlochs who first coft Farsken. 

TILLYTERMONT, 

The Genealogy of William Gordon of Tillytermont, Second Son to 
Jock the Heiress Brother, begotten on the Knight of Gights daughter 
Maitland his Last Wife. 

Here indeed I must own that this William Gordon of Tillytermont 
being the first Cadent come of Jocks Family should have had the first 

(41) F 



42 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

place, Cairnborrow being only the second Cadent taking place next 
to Tillytermont or whoever is representative of that Family ; this 
acknowledgment will plead my Excuse and therefore I proceed. 

This William Gordon of Tillytermont married Sir John Rutherfords 
Sister with whom he begat two Sons viz. George Gordon of Fewllmont 
of whom the house of Blelack and Lessmoir, and Patrick Gordon of 
whom the Family of Craig are descended. 

The forsaid George Gordon of Fewlement married Innes 

of Meillers daughter with whom he begat four sons, viz : Alexander 
Gordon of Tilleminnat, James Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir, William 
Gordon of Breaklay and Thomas Gordon of Bowmakellach. Their 
father the said George Gordon dyed in Tilly minnat 1481. 

His eldest Son the said Alexander Gordon of Tillyminnat married 
the Laird of Lessendrums daughter Bisset, with whom he begat James 
Gordon of Blelack. His Father the said Alexander was killed in the 
Battle of Flowden 9* Septr 1513. 

His Son James Gordon of Blelack married Margaret Calder the 
Laird of Asslowns daughter, with whom he begat three Sons and two 
daughters, viz John Gordon of Blelack, George Gordon of Kinnour, and 
Alexander Gordon of Waternadie ; his eldest daughter married George 
Gordon of Proney, his second daughter married William Gordon of 
Bellchirie. Their father the said James Gordon of Blelack was killed 
in the Battle of Corrichie 16. Octr. 1562. 

His eldest Son John Gordon of Blelack married M r Matthew 
Lumsdells of Tillyangus daughter with whom he begat five sons and 
four daughters, viz; his eldest Son Alexander Gordon of Blelack, 
John Gordon of Bellabeg, James Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen, George 
Gordon of Cracullie, and Robert Gordon in Dubbs ; his eldest daughter 
married William Gordon in Dasky, one married James Calder, one 
married Alexander Midleton of Kincrage, and one married George 
Lesly of Monelie. Their father the said John Gordon dyed 

His eldest Son the said Alexander Gordon of Blelack married the 
goodman of Achmeddens daughter Katharine Baird with whom he had 
no succession. The said Alexander Gordon bought the Lands of Proney 
and died in Peace in Culldrain in August 1650 years. 

His brother Son John Gordon of Blelack succeeded and married 
the goodman of Finzeans daughter Elizabeth Farquherson. 

(42) 



BALBITHAN MS. 43 

The Genealogie of the Second Sons of the Family of Blelack. 

George Gordon of Kinour married Robert Middletons of Borlands 
daughter, with whom he begat two Sons and daughters viz, his eldest 
Son James Gordon of Bogardie, his second Son Alexander Gordon. 
Their father the said George died in Kinoure January 1586. 

His eldest Son James of Bogardie married the goodman of Kirktons 
daughter Carnegie with whom he begat Sons and daughters, his eldest 
son George Gordon. James Gordon of Bogardie married to his second 
wife the Lady Cubardie Dunbar, and had Succession by her. 

James brother Alexander married and has succession. 

John Gordon of Ballabeig married the goodman of Pittalochies 
daughter Forbes with whom he begat three Sons and daughters : His 
eldest Son John Gordon succeeded to the Lands of Blelack, his second 
Patrick, and third Son Alexander Gordon. 

James Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen married Alexander Calder of 
Eastermigvies daughter, after her death he married Katharine Forbes 
with whom he begat Sons, viz, John Gordon etc. 

George Gordon of Cracullie married James Gordon of Knockespacks 
daughter Bessie Gordon with whom he begat three sons and daughters, 
viz, William, James and Geo : Gordons. 

Robert Gordon in Dubbs married Jannet Lesly with whom he 
begat a Son Mr Alexander Gordon. 

LESMOIR. 

The Genealogie of George Gordon of Fewlmonts Second Son James 
Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir. 

The forsaid James Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir married two 
Ladies, his first was a daughter of Patrick Stuart of Lethers Lady 
Eden, with whom he begat Six Sons and three daughters, viz, his eldest 
Son George Gordon 2d Laird of Lesmoir, his second Son James Gordon 
of Crichie, 3 d Son Alexander Gordon of Birkenburn, fourth son Mr 
William Gordon of Terpersie, fifth son Patrick Gordon of Oxhill, and 
the Sixth Son John Gordon of Licheston. The said James married to 
his second Lady the Laird of Findlaters daughter Ogilvy Lady Gartlie, 
w l whom he begat two Sons, Hary Gordon of Dilespro or Savach, and 
Thomas Gordon of Drumbuilg. His eldest daughter of the first 

(43) 



44 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

marriage married John Gordon of Ardmather, the 2 d married the Laird 
of Ludquharn Keith, and the third married the Laird of Meldrum. The 
said James Gordon their father first Laird of Lesmoir died in Lessmore. 
His eldest Son George Gordon second Laird of Lessmoir married 
the Laird of Towies daughter Forbes, with whom he begat three sons 
and three daughters, viz, his eldest son Alexander Gordon third Laird 
of Lesmoir, James Gordon of, and John Gordon of New- 

town ; his eldest daughter married the Laird of Tallquhon Forbes, one 
married the Laird of Carnousie Ogilvy, one married the goodman of 
Achintowll Innes, and after his death she married the goodman of 
Bellendalloch Grant, and after his death she married John Gordon of 
Birsmoire brother to the Laird of Cluny who was killed at the ride of 
Tarnway. Their Father the said George died in Lessmoir. 

His eldest Son Alexander Gordon third Laird of Lesmoir Married 
the Laird of Pittsligos daughter Margaret Forbes, with whom he begat 
four sons and three daughters, his eldest son James Gordon fourth 
Laird of Lesmoir, Mr John Gordon Parson of , George 

and Alexander Gordons ; his eldest daughter married the Laird of 
Watterton Bannerman, one married the Laird of Leyes Burnet, the 
third married the Laird of Frendraught Crighton, he had a natural son 
called Ja : Gordon in Buchan. Their father the said Alexander dyed 
in Lessmoir. 

His eldest son James Gordon fourth Laird of Lessmoir married the 
Laird of Inverrugies daughter Keith, with whom he begat three Sons 
and a Daughter, viz, his eldest Son James Gordon fiar of Lessmoir and 
fifth Laird, William Gordon Laird of Broadland, Alexander Gordon of 
Gerry or Johnsleyes ; his daughter married the goodman of Cocklairachy 
younger, and after his death she married the Laird of Craig Gordon. 

His Son forsaid James Gordon fiar and fifth Laird of Lessmoir 
married the Sherriff of Cromarties daughter Urquhart, with whom he 
begat James Gordon younger of Lessmoir and Sixth Laird. His 
Father the said James of Lesmoir dyed in France before his father, 
being cutt of the Stone Sept r 1633. 

This forsaid James Gordon younger of Lesmoir and Sixth Laird 
married the Laird of Pittfoddels daughter Menzies, with whom he 
begat two sons ; and dyed in July 1634 before his Grand father and 
was honourably interred in the Kirk of Essy 6 th of August 1634. 

(44) 



BALBITHAN MS. 45 

The Cadents or Second Sons of the House of Lessmore. 

James Gordon of Crichie married the Laird of Gartlys daughter 
Barcley with whom he begat three sons, George Gordon of Crichie, Mr 
James Gordon a Jesuit who lived 1634, and John Gordon of Rhynie, 
their father James Gordon departed 

His eldest Son George Gordon of Crichie married Katharin 
M c intosh, with whom he begat Adam Gordon of Boghole. He 
repudiate the said Katharin M c intosh and married the Laird of Gights 
daughter Jean, with whom he begat two sons and daughters, his eldest 
Son William Collonell Gordon. 

The forsd John Gordon of Rhynie married the goodman of Altowr- 
leys daughter, with whom he begat Hary Gordon who dwelt in Toma- 
clagan in Strathawen, and he married. 

BlRKENBURN. 

The Genealogie of Alexander Gordon of Birkenburn third son of 
James Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir. 

The said Alexander Gordon of Birkenburn married the Goodman 
of Cairnborrows daughter Gordon, with whom he begat James Gordon 
of Birkenburn Barren of Monaltrie ; after her death he married the 
Laird of Abergeldies daughter Gordon, with whom he begat Hary 
Gordon of the Knock, Duncan and James Gordons. Their Father the 
said Alexr dyed 

His eldest Son James Gordon of Birkenburn married Alexander 
Gordons daughter of Strathawen, with whom he begat four Sons, his 
eldest son Alex r Gordon of Birkenburn, George William and John 
Gordons. Their father was killed att the Hunting by Alaster Calder a 
Gentleman. 

His eldest Son Alexander Gordon of Birkenburn married Thomas 
Gordon Drumbuilgs daughter Margaret Gordon, with whom he begat 
sons and daughters, James and Adam Gordons. His eldest son James 
Gordon married the goodman of Achencrives daughter Maitland, with 
whom he begat sons and daughters, viz, Alexander Gordon of Birken- 
burn, His second Son William Gordon of Sockach married the good- 
man of Merdrums daughter Elspet Gordon. 

The Last named Alexander Gordon of Birkenburn married Hellen 

(45) 



46 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Bisset Lessendrum's daughter, with whom he begat three Sons, viz 
Alx r Gordon his eldest Son who dyed unmarried, James Gordon the 
second Son who also dyed unmarried both in the flower of their Age, 
William Gordon his third Son now present Laird of Birkenburn married 
Magdalen Duff Provost William Duffs daughter in Inverness with whom 
he begat 

Hary Gordon of the Knock married Walter Barcleys, daughter he 
was killed att the Hership of Glenmuick and Abergeldie 1592. 



TERPERSIE. 

The Genealogie of Mr William Gordon of Terpersie fourth Son 
of James Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir. 

The forsaid Mr William Gordon of Terpersie married the Laird 
of Bamffs daughter Ogilvy Relict of Sir Alexander Gordon younger of 
Strathawen, with whom he begat George Gordon younger of Terpersie 
commonly called Ho ! ho ! The said Mr William Gordon was att the 
Battle of Corrichie with his Chief the twenty Eight of October 1563, 
and ten years thereafter was with Adam Gordon Laird of Auchindown 
att the Battle of Tillyangus where he killed Black Arthur Forbes my 
Lords Brother and the champion of that Sirname and Family. He 
was also with the said Adam Laird of Auchindown att the Battle of 
Craibstone att Aberdeen, and with him at the Bourd of Brechin, where 
the sd Adam was still victorious. He built the house of Terpersie and 
cast a ditch about it hard on the Marches twixt my Lord Forbes and 
him. The said Mr William Gordon of Terpersie was forefaulted with 
his chief, as were all the Gentlemen of the name of Gordon and others 
present with their Chief att Corrichie. He dyed in the House of Ranes 
in the Enzie and was honourably interred in Rannes Isle within the 
Church of Raphven. 

His son the forsd Geo : Gordon of Terpersie succeeded, who 
married the Laird of Inverquharities daughter Ogilvy with whom he 
begat three sons and a daughter, viz William Gordon of Terpersie his 
eldest son, John Gordon of , and Patrick Gordon of 

Badenscoth ; his daughter married the Laird of Culter Cumming. 
Their father was a great purchaser of Lands and departed in peace 1634. 



BALBITHAN MS. 47 

His eldest Son William Gordon of Terpersie married the blind Lady 
Litchestons daughter Gordon, whose mother was a daughter of the 
Earl of Findlaters Ogilvy, with whom he begat five Sons and two 
daughters, viz, his eldest Son Alexander who dyed unmarried, the Second 
James Gordon who succeeded to the Estate, the third John Gordon 
Laird of Law, the fourth William who dyed unmarried, and the 
youngest son Hary Laird of Achlyne ; one daughter married young 
Kincragie Gordon, another married Robert Stuart of Newtown. John 
Gordon of married the Barron of Braichleys daughter with 

whom he begat sons and daughters. The said William Gordon of 
Terpersie died at Terpersie and was interred att the church of 
Tillynessle. 

His son the said James Gordon of Terpersie succeeded, he married 
Anne Gordon the Laird of Craigs Sister who was educate in France 
with whom he begat a Son George Gordon of Terpersie and two 
daughters, one married Leith of Threefield, another married Mr David 
Gordon of Acheynanie. Their father the said James Gordon dyed at 
Terpersie and was honourably interred in the Church of Tillynessle. 

His son the said George Gordon Laird of Terpersie succeeded, 
who married Anna Burnet Sister to Sir Alex r Burnet of Craigmyle, 
with whom he begat two sons and four daughters, viz, Charles Gordon 
present Laird of Terpersie and Thomas Gordon ; one daughter married 
Patrick Leith who should have been heir of Threefield and Whitehaugh, 
the 2 d married Mr William Leslie minister at Craigfergus. Their 
father the said George Gordon dyed and was buried amongst his 
Ancestors in their burial place within the Church of Tillynessle. 

His eldest Son Charles Gordon present Laird of Terpersie succeeded 
who married Adam Gordon at the Mill of Artlocks daughter, with whom 
he begat 



THE CADENTS OF THE FAMILY OF TERPERSIE. 

Patrick Gordon of Badenscoth married the Laird of Blackfoord's 
daughter Gordon, and after her death married the Laird of Bamffs 
daughter Ogilvy with whom he begat Three sons and two daughters, 
viz, Geo : Gordon of Badenscoth, James Gordon of Barns, and John 

(47) 



48 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen ; one daughter married the Laird of 
Knockespack Gordon, of whom is come the present Laird of Glen- 
buicket, another married the Tutor of Glenbuicket John Gordon. 

John Gordon of Law Second Son to William Gordon of Terpersie 
married Issabel Gordon daughter to Leicheston, with whom he begat 
three sons, viz, John Gordon younger of Law, James Gordon of 
Darley, and Hary Gordon in Drumhead who yet lives. Their father 
dyed and was buried in the Church of Kinnethmont. 

His Eldest son John Gordon of Law married the Laird of Culters 
daughter Cumming, with whom he begat John Gordon his eldest Son 
present Laird of Law and Wardess. His father the said John Gordon 
of Law fell in an accident of killing a Gentlewoman in Fivy as was 
alleadged but could not be proven ; the brave young Gentleman how- 
ever dyed of Melancholly in the flower of his Age. 

His son John Gordon of Laws and Wardess was three times 
married, first he married Mr Robert Irvine Minister of Towies 
Daughter with whom he begat a son Arthur Gordon present Laird 
of Law and Wardess younger, he married to his second Lady Mary 
Gordon daughter to Achlyne, and after her death he married Hay Lady 
Crimon, with both wch. Last named Ladies he had no succession. 

The forsaid Hary Gordon of Achline, William Gordon of Terper- 
sies youngest Son, married Innes of Tillbouries daughter with whom 
he begat three sons and a daughter, viz, his eldest James Gordon of 
Achlyne and Newbigging, George Gordon of Knockespack, and John 
Gordon Burgess in Aberdeen ; and his daughter married John Gordon 
Laird of Law. Their father the said Hary Gordon dyed and was 
interred in the Church of Clat. 

His eldest Son James Gordon of Newbigging married Rachel 
Burnet Craigmyles Sister, with whom he begat two Sons and two 
daughters, viz ; Alexander Gordon his eldest Son who dyed unmarried 
before his father's death, the second Son James Gordon of Tillyfour 
who married Craibstons daughter Sandilands with whom he begat a 
Son James Gordon who succeeded to his Grand father and is now 
present Laird of Achlyne and Newbigging ; the said James his eldest 
daughter married Mr Robert Leslie second Son to Kininvie who yet 
Lives, the Second daughter Barbara Gordon married Mr Fairbairn 
present Minister at Gartly who yet lives. 

(48) 



BALBITHAN MS. 49 

Having ended the Genealogie of Terpersie and finding no memory 
of Patrick Gordon of Oxhill Lesmoirs fifth son, I come now to the 
Genealogie of John Gordon of Licheston the Sixth and youngest Son 
of James Gordon first Laird of Lesmoir. 

LICHESTON. 

The forsaid John Gordon of Licheston married my Lord Saltons 
brothr daughter Abernethie with whom he begat four Sons, James 
Gordon of Licheston, William Gordon of Clethins, Geo : Gordon of 
Cowtfield, and John Gordon Goldsmith. The forsaid John Gordon of 
Licheston married to his second wife the Laird of Findlaters daughter 
Ogilvy Lady Birkenbog, with whom he begat two Sons and three 
daughters, viz, Alexander Gordon Laird of Achynachie, and Hary 
Gordon of Glasshaugh ; one daughter married William Gordon of 
Terpersie, one married the Laird of and thereafter Archi- 

bald Grant in Belnatome, and one married John Gordon of Artloch. 
Their father the said John Gordon dyed 

His eldest Son James Gordon of Licheston married the goodman 
of Tullock's daughter Beatrix Gordon and begat Sons and daughters, 
viz, Geo : James Alexander and William Gordons ; one daughter 
married James Young Burgess in Elgin, Bessy and Margaret. Their 
father the said James dyed 

George Gordon of Licheston married the goodman of Birkenburns 
daughter with whom he begat three Sons and two daughters. 

There are severall others come of the Family of Lesmoir who are 
now in a manner extinct, others whose Genealogie I am a stranger to, 
which for the said Reasons I am here forced to pass over in Silence, 
and therefore shall proceed to William Gordon of Tillytermont his other 
Sons. 

CRAIG. 

The Genealogie of Patrick Gordon of Craig Second Son of William 
Gordon of Tillytarmont. 

This Patrick Gordon coft the Lands of Craig and was the first 
Laird thereof, he married the Laird of Towie Barcley's daughter with 

(49) G 



50 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

whom he begat five sons, viz, his eldest Son William Gordon Laird of 
Craig, his second Son Patrick Gordon of Achmenzies of whom the 
family of Tillachowdie, Thomas Gordon, M r John Gordon Chaplain of 
Coclairachie, George Gordon of Milltown of Noth forbear of the family 
of Coclarachie. Their Father the said Patrick Gordon dyed 1513 killed 
at the battle of Floudon. 

His eldest son William Gordon Second Laird of Craig married the 
Laird of Laithers daughter Stuart, with whom he begat two Sons and a 
daughter, viz, Patrick Gordon third Laird of Craig, and James Gordon 
of Tillyangus ; his daughter married the goodman of Corsindea Forbes. 
Their father the said William dyed 1555. 

His Eldest Son Said Patrick Gordon third Laird of Craig married 
the Laird of Wardess daughter Lesly, with whom he begat four sons, 
and William Gordon fourth Laird of Craig and John Gordon of 
Drumes. Their father the said Patrick was killed at the Battle of 
Pinkie 1547 [and three sons]. 

His Son William Gordon fourth Laird of Craig married the Laird 
of Strathlochs daughter Cheyn, with whom he begat two sons, viz, 
John Gordon 5 th Laird of Craig and Patrick Gordon of Foulzement. 
Their father the said William Gordon dyed 1607. 

His eldest son said John Gordon 5 th Laird of Craig married the 
Laird of Towies daughter Barclay, with whom he begat two Sons, viz, 
John Gordon Sixth Laird of Craig, and Patrick Gordon ; one daughter 
rriarried Patrick Murray of Auchmull in France, another married Robert 
Stuart of Newtown. Their father said John dyed in April 1634. 

His Son said John Gordon Sixth Laird of Craig married the Laird 
of Lessmoirs daughter relict of Geo : Gordon fiar of Coclarachy, with 
whom he begat a son and a daughter, viz, Francis Gordon Seventh 
Laird of Craig ; his sister Anne Gordon married James Gordon Laird 
of Terpersie. Their Father the said John Gordon Laird of Craig, went 
to France with a Company of Soldiers and dyed there anno 1643. 

His Son said Francis Gordon Seventh Laird of Craig being also 
bred in France returned to his native Countrey and Heritage and being 
Popish he married first the Laird of Pittfoddels daughter Menzies with 
whom he begat a Son called Francis Eight Laird of Craig, and after 
her death he married Gordon of Corrachries daughter with whom he 
begat a son John Gordon who was Page to the first Dutchess of Gordon. 

(50) 



BALBITHAN MS. 51 

Their Father the said Francis Laird of Craig dyed a Little after the 
Revolution 1689. 

His eldest son Francis eight Laird of Craig married my Lord Bamff 
Ogilvey his eldest sister, with whom he begat Sons and daughters, his 
eldest son Francis Gordon ninth Laird of Craig ; one daughter married 
the Barren of Lesmurdie Stuart, another Mary married M r George 
Skine Parson of Kinkell, another Barbara. Their Father the said 
Francis was taken Prisoner att Sherriffmoor and dyed in Stirling 1716. 

His Son said Francis Gordon ninth Laird of Craig married first 
Ballfluig's daughter Forbes, with whom he begat a son John Gordon 
tenth Laird of Craig ; he married the Lady Towie Barcley to his 
Second Wife, and after her death he married the Lady Montcoffer with 
these two last he had no succession [by the last two Sons, Francis and 
William]. 1 Their Father the said Francis Gordon Laird of Craig dyed 
in England Anno 1727. 

His Son said John Gordon tenth Laird of Craig married the Lady 
Achlyne with whom he begat three Sons and a daughter. [He dyed 
anno 1740. His eldest Son John Eleventh Laird of Craig is married to 
Ann the Eldest Daughter of James Gordon of Banchory, and by her has 
children Marg*- Ann, James and Francis Gordons. He was married 
2 dl y- to Maria Cumine eldest daughter of Charles Cumine of Kenin- 
month. Died i March 1800 Years. Succeeded by his Eldest Son 
James, 12 th Laird, married Ann Elizabeth daughter of John Johnstone 
of Alva in Stirlingshire, an advocate at the Scots bar. 1 ] 

The First Cadents of Craig were the Family of Tullochaudie which 
indeed was numerous, prolifick and considerable, having by one 
marriage Nine Sons besides daughters of whom came the Gordons 
Kingcragie, Bagown, Bunty, Collithie, Drumgask, Pot, Cults. The 
most of these are now extinct and their descendants not well known 
by me, fon which reason I pass over them and proceed to the next Cadent 
of Craig which I find to be Coclearachie. 

COCKLEARICHY. 

The Genealogie of George Gordon of Milltown of Noth fifth son to 
the first Laird of Craig. 

1 Added in a later hand. 



52 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

This George Gordon of Milltown of Noth married the Laird of 
Berrydales daughter Oliphant Lady Asslown, with whom he begat his 
son George Gordon of Cockclearachy, his father dyed 

His son George Gordon of Cockclearachie married the Earl of 
Sutherlands brother daughter, with whom he begat George Gordon of 
Cockclearachie. His father was execute by Queen Mary for his Chiefs 
Cause the Earl of Huntly after the Battle of Corrichie. His Son Geo 
Gordon of Cockclearichie married James Duncan of Merdrums daughter 
with whom he begat four sons and three daughters, viz, George Gordon 
his eldest Son fiar of Cockclearichy, Alexander Gordon of Merdrum, 
Hugh Gordon of , M r William Gordon Doctor of Physick ; his 

second daughter married M r Robert Bisset Laird of Lessendrum, one 
married the goodman of Rhynie George Gordon, one married Seatton 
of Mymmes. Their father the said George dyed in Cockclearichie 

1633- 

His Eldest Son George Gordon fiar of Cockclearichie married the 
Laird of Lessmoirs daughter (who after his death married John Gordon 
Sixth Laird of Craig) with whom he begat two sons, George Gordon 
fiar of Cockclearichie, and Mr James Gordon. The said George Gordon 
fiar of Cockclearichie departed before his father. 

His Son George Gordon fiar of Cockclearichie married Grizell 
Setton the Laird of Pittmeddens daughter, with whom he begat sons 
and daughters, George, Alexander and James Gordons. George dyed 
young. Alexander married Issabel Gray daughter of with 

whom he begat three sons and daughters, viz, his eldest son Alexander 
Gordon made Major General in the Muscovite Service, George Gordon 
of Dorlethers his 2 d son, and James Gordon of Backieleys his 
third Son ; the said Alex r their father was made one of the Senators 
of the Colledge of Justice 1687, and dyed sometime thereafter att Ach- 
intowll ; his eldest Son said Major Generall Gordon married abroad 
Livetennant Generall Gordons daughter and besides his paternal 
estate of Achintowl he purchased the Lands of Lethers ; the Second 
Son George Gordon of Dorlethers married Barbara Mackenzie 
daughter to the Laird of Ardloch, with whom he begat three 
sons and a daughter all yet alive, their father the said George 
perished by Sea going to Holland 1716 ; James Gordon the third 
son first married Barcley of Cottcairns daughter and after her 

(52) 



BALBITHAN MS. 53 

death he married Margaret Chalmers daughter to Chalmers 

writter in Edinburgh. 

James Gordon of Ardmellie Second Son of George Gordon of Cock- 
clearachie married Issabel Meldrum daughter to the Laird of Lethers, 
with whom he begat three sons and a daughter, viz, Peter Gordon his 
eldest son and Laird of Ardmellie now alive, his Second son Alexander 
Gordon Laird of Logic in the parish of Crimon, his third son James 
Gordon of Banchry present merchant in Aberdeen ; his daughter 
M rs Mary Gordon married Laithentie Skeen and dyed 

William Gordon Second Laird of Craig had a second son James 
Gordon of Tillyangus whose descent is now extinguished save only 
James Gordon now of Cairnbrogie who is Representative of the said 
Family ; their Cadents I know not. 

HADDO. 

The Genealogie of James Gordon of Methlick or Haddoe the third 
son of Jock begotten on the Knight of Gights daughter Maitland his 
Lawfull Wife. 

The said James Gordon purchased [His wife was Canea Harper 
"half portioner of Methlick" of which her father "Johannes de 
Citharista " was the owner ; James G. or his son acquired the other 
half of the barony, and thus arose the Gordons of Haddo 1 ] the 
Lands of Methlick and thereafter the Lands of Haddo being the 
first Laird thereof. He married Anna Harper w l whom he begat four 
sons and four daughters, viz, his eldest son Patrick Gordon Laird of 
Haddo, Robert Gordon of Fetterletter, Mr Alexander Gordon first 
Chancellor of Murray and Chanery of Ross and thereafter Bishop of 
Aberdeen, and George Gordon of Achenniff in Buchan ; his eldest 
daughter married the Laird of Allardes, the Second married Eraser 
Laird of , the third married Andrew Prott Burgess in Aber- 

deen, the fourth married George Gray Burgess in Aberdeen. Their 
father dyed 

His eldest son Patrick Gordon second Laird of Haddo married the 
Laird of Findlater's Daughter Ogilvy with whom he begat three sons 
and three daughters, viz, his eldest Son George Gordon third Laird of 
Haddo, Mr James Gordon Parson of Lonmey, and Alexander Gordon 

1 Added by Mr. Dalrymple. 
(53) 



54 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

first Goodman of Bracoe ; his eldest Daughter married the Laird of 
Towie Forbes, another married the Laird of Altar Gumming, the third 
married the Goodman of Blairy or Kilravoch Dunbar. Their father 
the said Patrick dyed 

His eldest son George Gordon third Laird of Haddoe married the 
Laird of Delgaties daughter Hay, with whom he begat his eldest son 
James Gordon fourth Laird of Haddo. His father the said George 
dyed 

His Son said James Gordon fourth Laird of Haddoe married 
Gilbert Menzies Provost of Aberdeens Daughter, with whom he begat 
five sons, viz, his eldest son George Gordon fifth Laird of Haddo, 
Robert Gordon of Savoch, David Gordon of Nethernure, John Gordon 
of Tillyhilt, and James Gordon ; and a Daughter who married Essle- 
mont Cheyn, their father the said James dyed 

His eldest son George Gordon fifth Laird of Haddo married the 
Laird of Muchels Daughter Fraser. with whom he begat a son James 
Gordon Sixth Laird of Haddo. His father the said George dyed 

His Son said James Gordon Sixth Laird of Haddo married the 
Earl of Marshal's daughter Keith, with whom he begat two sons, his 
eldest son George Gordon Seventh Laird of Haddo ; their father the 
said James Gordon Sixth Laird of Haddo married to his second wife 
the goodman of Tillyhilts daughter Gordon. Their Father the said 
James dyed 

His eldest son George Gordon seventh Laird of Haddo married 
the Laird of Wattertons daughter Bennarman with whom he begat a 
son John Gordon eight Laird of Haddo who married the Laird of 
Talquhons daughter Forbes, and with her he begat sons and daughters, 
his eldest son Patrick Gordon ninth Laird of Haddo, and Charles 
Gordon. Their Father the said John Gordon eight Laird of Haddo 
was execute att Edenburgh by the Covenanters in July 1644. 

The Cadents of James first Laird of Haddo. 

Robert Gordon of Fetterletter married and begat a daughter who 
married Sir George Gordon Laird of Gight and Shives ; he had a 
natural Son Alexander Gordon, who begat William Gordon att the 
Mill of Idoch in Buchan. Their father departed 

George Gordon of Acheniff or Chappellton married Marion Meldrum 

(54) 



BALBITHAN MS. 55 

daughter to the Laird of Fyvie, with whom he begat two sons John 
and James. 

Mr Alexander Gordon Bishop of Aberdeen had many Bastard 
Children, viz, David Gordon of Savoch, etc. 

Alexander Gordon of Braccoe married Issabel Annan Daughter 
to the Laird of Achterellon with whom he begat sons and daughter ; 
his eldest son Patrick Gordon of Bracoe married Jannet Seton Easter- 
disblairs daughter. His father said Alexander dyed 

His son- Patrick Gordon second of Bracoe married and begat three 
Sons, viz, John Gordon of Bracoe, Mr. Patrick Gordon who coft Bracoe, 
and Alexander Gordon of Shellagreen. Their father dyed 

His eldest son John Gordon third of Bracoe begat James Gordon of 
Bracoe, Alexander, Sir Francis Gordon, and John Gordon of Deuchries. 

James Gordon forsaid of Bracoe married Sarah Lesly, with whom 
he begat John Gordon, he sold the Lands of Bracoe to Alexander Lyon. 
The forsaid Mr. Patrick coft the Lands of Bracoe from the said 
Alexander Lyon ; the said Mr Patrick married the Laird of Pittoderies 
daughter Ereskin with whom he begat sons and daughters ; Mr Patrick 
dyed 1643. The said Family is extinct save only one Charles Gordon 
who was Ensign to the Towns Company of Edenburgh and Contem- 
porary with Captain Peter Ghrame anno 1686. 

Alexander Gordon of Shellagreen married 

Sir Francis Gordon was Embassador to the King of Britain in Pole 
and dyed in Aberdeen 1643. 

John Gordon of Deuchries married the Laird of Burlies brother 
daughter and begat James Gordon. 

Robert Gordon of Savoch married the Laird of Shethons Daughter 
Affleck, with whom he begat three sons, viz, George, James and 
Gordons, and a daughter who married the goodman of Craig- 
ston Forbes, and thereafter married William Gordon of the House of 
Proney, one Daughter married Edward Crawford of Corbshill, and 
another George Forbes. 

David Gordon of Nethermure married the goodman of Achencrives 

daughter Maitland, with whom he begat two Sons and Daughters, viz 

Gordon of Nethermuire and James Gordon of Knawen. Their 

Father dyed . His Son Gordon of Nethermuire married 

the Parson of Kinkells daughter with whom he begat five sons, viz, 

(55) 



56 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

George Gordon of Nethermuire, Gilbert Gordon now of Knowen. Sir 
James Gordon of Knowen married Elizabeth Jamieson alias Johnston 
with whom he begat two sons and daughters, viz, Patrick and Thomas 
Gordons, and a daughter who married William Gordon fiar of Tilly- 
angus. 

John Gordon of Tillyhilt married the goodman of Achanachies 
daughter Gordon and begat James Gordon of Tillyhilt. 

Having in the former part of this Book treated of the Genealogie 
of Jocks Posterity begotten on his Lawfull Wife the Knight of Gights 
daughter Maitland, viz, his eldest son John Gordon of Botarie of whom 
Pittlurg, and William Gordon of Tillytermont His second Son of whom 
Blelack Lessmoir and Craig, and his third son James Gordon of 
Methlick of whom Haddo are come ; my proposed method requires that 
in this place I should touch the Genealogie of Jocks Posterity begotton 
on M c leud of Harris Daughter who (tho' the legittemacy of that 
marriage be Contraverted) was a Gentlewoman of good and honourable 
Descent and every way suitable to have been his Lawfull wife, upon 
which consideration their issue deserves all due respect and honour 
without the Least contempt or unnatural and fruitless contraversies 
and therefore I proceed to their Genealogie. 

BUCKIE. 

The Genealogie of Jock the Heretrix Brother begotten on M c Leud 
of Harris Daughter. 

The said John Gordon as is storied was sent to M c leod of Harris 
Family of purpose to care for his Education in the Highland Tongue 
which was then of no small accent ; and having there contracted an 
Intimacy with his daughter Hanault [Hamiltone 1 ] M c Leod being the 
second daughter and sister to the Lady M c intosh att that time, on her 
he begat a Son called Alexander Gordon of Essy of whom Buckie is 
come. His Father dyed in Essy and was interred in the Kirk of 
Essy. 

The said Alexander Gordon his eldest Son (begotten before his 
Fathers marriage with the Laird of Gights daughter Maitland) suc- 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(56) 



BALBITHAN MS. 57 

ceeded to his Possession of Essy and married the Laird of Ballquhoins 
Daughter Lesly ; with whom he begat four Sons and two Daughters 
viz, his eldest son John Gordon of Essy, Alexander Gordon of Drumin 
Duncan Gordon of Knowen, and James Gordon of Ardbroilach in Bade- 
noch [Badegott *] ; his eldest Daughter married the Laird of Caskyben 
Johnston, his Second married Gilbert Hay of Achlochyries in Buchan. 
Their Father the said Alexander Gordon of Essy Killed the Barronbog 
of Strath Earle att the hunting in Badenoch for which he sustained 
great trouble, and dyed in Essy and was buried besides his father 
in the Kirk of Essy. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Essy married the Heretrix of Bodom 
Spens, with whom he begat four sons, viz, Alx r Gordon of Buckie 
Constable of Bog of Gight, Thomas Gordon of Auchinheives goodman 
of Craicullie, William Gordon of Knockespock, and David Gordon. 
Their father the said John of Essy sold the Lands of Boddam and coft 
the Lands of Buckie ; he dyed in peace. 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon of Buckie married Jannet Drum- 
mond daughter to the Laird of Inchpafra, with whom he begat two 
Sons and a Daughter, viz, his eldest Son John Gordon of Buckie, and 
William Gordon of Aradowl ; his daughter Bessy married John Gordon 
of Cairnborrow ; also the said Alexander Gordon of Buckie begat on 
a Gentlewoman Margaret Ellis four natural Sons, viz, Thomas Gordon 
of Deskie, Alexander Gordon of Netherbuckie, George of Wellheads, 
and James of Invercharrach. Their father the Said Alx r Gordon dyed 
[in peace 1 ]. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Buckie married Mr George Gordon 
of Belldornys Daughter, with whom he begat three Sons and two 
Daughters, viz, his eldest son George Gordon of Buckie, Mr William 
Gordon of Cairnfield Baillie of Enzie, and Alexander Gordon of 
Rothmeys ; his eldest daughter married James Gordon of Letterfury, 
the second married Donald Irvine Burgess in Elgin. Their Father 
was killed in the Battle of Tillyangus 1571 and honourably buried in 
the Kirk of Dunbennan. 

His eldest son George Gordon of Buckie married the Laird of 
Craigston's daughter Beatrix Urquhart Tutor of Cromarty, with whom 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(57) H 



58 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

he begat two sons and three Daughters, viz, his eldest son John Gordon 
fiar of Buckie and Laird of Hillton, and William Gordon ; his eldest 
Daughter married Thomas Gordon of Edenvilly brother to the good- 
man of Letterfury, his second Daughter married Thomas Stuart of 
Drumin son to the Barren of Kinmaichly, his third daughter married 
Alx r Dunbar of Aslesk. 

His eldest son John fiar of Buckie Laird of Hillton married the 
Laird of Glenveichy's daughter Cambell, with whom he begat 
three Sons, of whom some dyed in their Nonage ; and John Gordon 
Heir [fiar 1 ] of Buckie forsaid married the Laird of Glenurchies 
daughter, and after her death he married Jean Scott Daughter to S r 
John Scott of Scotstarbet he had no Succession by her; he dyed in 
Aberdeen before his father anno 1630. 

The Cadents of the House and Family of Buckie. 

Alexander Gordon of Drumin married the Laird of Lochstericks 
daughter [Christan 1 ] Logan with whom he begat four Sons and 
daughters ; his eldest Son Alx r Gordon of Proney, David Gordon of 
Incharny [Lincharne 1 ] and Braikleys, William Gordon of Tom- 
breachly, and Mr James a religious man ; his eldest Daughter 
Katharine married the goodman of Achencrive Maitland and after his 
death she married the Laird of Lammentons Son Thomas Baillie of 
Ardmylies and to her third Husband George Gordon of Cairnborrow, his 
second daughter married the Laird of Achynachie Saintclare, his third 
daughter married W m Craig of Craigston, he had a natural Daughter 
married W m Middleton of Boreland of whom the Middletons of Glentaner 
are come, he was Baillie of Badenoch and Strathawn. In his time John 
Stuart son to Sir Walter Stuart who disponed Strathawn to Alexander 
third Earl of Huntly made a great uproar assisted by the Grants and 
Clanallan, moved the Country to shake off Huntly's Authoritie ; upon 
which the said Alexander Gordon of Drumyn came out of Badenoch 
with two hundred men in Arms upon Saturdays night to the Wood 
of Fegan anent Kirkmichaell and understanding that the said John 
Stuart with his principall Associats the Grants and Clanallan were 
within the Kirk on the Sabbath day, he caused every man of his 

MS. of 1644. 
(58) 



. BALBITHAN MS. 5g 

Party cutt a faggott and carry along with him, and coming quietly to 
the Kirk he filled the Doors and Windows with the said Faggotts, and 
then called for fire to burn them, whereupon all within were glad to 
give out pledges to the said Alexander Gordon for their Obedience and 
good Behaviour in all time coming, which were sent to Strathbogie 
to the Earl Alexander. The forsd. Alexander Gordon of Drumin dyed 
in the Castle of Drumyn and was interred in the Kirk of Inverawn 

1504. 


PRONEY. 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon of Proney who dwelt in Drum- 
builg married the Laird of Tallquhons daughter Mary Forbes, with 
whom he begat four Sons and two daughters, his eldest Son Alx r , and 
Second John both killed at the Battle of Pinkie 1547 with their father, 
James of Eastermigvie killed in the Battle of Corrichie 1563, and his 
youngest son George of Proney ; his eldest daughter married Thomas 
Baird [of Odrinhuifes ^ Baillie in Bamff, the second married Mr James 
Gordon of Crommellat brother to George Gordon of Cairnborrow. This 
Alexander was Baillie of Strathbogie and Mar, he was M r Household 
to the then Earl of Huntly, he took in the House of Rothemay with 
the confedrates within the same who Banded against the House of 
Huntly. He was killed bearing the Earl of Huntly's Standard w 4 his 
two forsd Sons Alexander and John, and his Brother David Gordon of 
Inchairne [Sincharny 1 ] and Braikleys in the forsd Battle of Pinkie, 
where the Earl of Huntly was taken Prisoner anno 1547. 

His youngest son George Gordon of Proney married James Gordon 
of Blelacks daughter, Elspet Gordon, w* whom he begat four sons and 
a daughter, his eldest son James Gordon of Proney, Alexander Gordon 
in Drumbuilg killed in the Battle of Glenlivet [Oldchonachen l ] 1594, 
William Gordon thunder slain 2oth of July 1612, and John in Proney ; 
one Daughter married Alexander Forbes in Keithmore, one married 
Alexander Cumming in Ruthven. Their Father said George of Proney 
dyed in Hilltown of Drumbuilg and interred in the Kirk of Gartly 15 th 
of July 1654 [1604 x ]. 

His eldest son James Gordon of Proney married the Laird of 

1 MS. of 1 6 44 . 

(59) 



6o , HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Craignetties daughter Bessy Farquerson, with whom he begatt six 
Sons and a Daughter, his eldest son Patrick Gordon of Proney, George 
who dyed of Eighteen years of Age, Thomas who dyed of the Same Age, 
John Burgess in Stricken, William and Arthur Gordons who both dyed 
young ; his daughter married Hugh Calder brother to the Laird of 
Asswanlie [Aslonie] . Their father dyed in Hilltown of Drumbuilgh 
1614. 

His eldest son Patrick Gordon of Proney married the Laird of 
Balvenies Sister Issabel Innes, with whom he begat a Son and a 
daughter, his son called George dyed without issue. His father dyed 
in Drumbuilg 1624. 

John Gordon Lawfull Son to George Gordon of Proney married 
Elizabeth Johnston daughter to James Johnston in Bunhill [Brunhill 1 ], 
with whom he begat three sons and daughters, viz, W m , Thomas, and 
George. The forsd William in Monthgatlehead [Montgarryhead ?] 
married Margaret Burnet. 

Alexander Gordon heir [yor 1 ] of Proney had a Natural Son called 
Alexander, who married Issabel Strachen with whom he begat two 
sons viz, Alexander Gordon in Noth, and Robert in Scurdarg. Their 
father was killed and his son Alx r married and begat James 

Gordon a Merchant. 

James Gordon of Proney had two natural sons, viz John Gordon 
who dwelt in Corriedoun [Corstasten *] and Alexander in Gairtly ; this 
John married Innes, with whom he begat John Gordon. 

KNOWEN. 

Duncan Gordon of Knowen third [fourth 1 ] son to Alexander Gordon 
of Essy married the Goodman of Mellat's daughter Maitland, with whom 
he begat Eight sons, viz, his eldest son William Gordon of Knowen who 
dwelt in Kinmundy, the forsd Duncan Gordon had three sons fighting 
about the Earl of Huntlys standart killed in the Battle of Pinkie 1547. 

Duncan Gordon's son Thomas [of Qtbog 1 ] married Jean Forbes 
of the House of Tallquhon, with whom he begat Alexander Gordon 
of Achenhieff and George Gordon their father [this word not in 1644 

1 MS. of 1644. 
(60) 



BALBITHAN MS. 6l 

MS.] married two wives, first Elspet Meldrum Daughter to the good- 
man of Achenhive, with whom he begat Robert Gordon in Proney, his 
second wife was Jannet Maitland with whom he begat Six Sons and 
three daughters, viz, John, William, Peter Merchant in Pole, M r James 
Parson in Kinnore etc, married Agnes Barclay daughter to Mr Adam 
Barcley Minister att Alford, Alexander his fifth son, and Richard his 
sixth son. 

ARDBROGLACH. 

James Gordon in Ardbroglach [Ardbryloch l ] in Badenoch fourth 
[third l ] son to Alexander Gordon of Essy married and begat Adam 

Gordon of Ardbroglach, and two Daughters ; his eldest Daughter married 
Donald Og M c quherson, who bore to him [four l ] sons [James l ] Paul 
and William M c quhersons, Euen Mcpherson of Cluny in Badenoch etc ; 
his second Daughter married one of the Chiftains of the Clancameron 
[special of the Glencameron 1 ] called Donald M c martin, of whom some 
of the Lairds of Mcmartin are come, their father dyed 

His son Adam Gordon of Ardbroglach married and begat 

Alexander Gordon of Ardbroglach and James Gordon. Their father 
the said Adam Gordon was killed att the Battle of Pinkie 1547. 

Alexander Gordon Adams son married Stuart and begat 

Alaster Gordon in Ardbroglach who dyed without succession. 

[James Gordon of Ardbryllochs second son Alexr. married and 
begatt a son called James Gordon in Ardbryloch. This James begatt 
Adam and Alexr Gordons in Ardbrylloch. This Adam begatt a son 
John Gordon who lives 1631 years. 1 ] 

ACHINHIFF, 

The Cadents of John Gordon of Essy begotten on the Laird of 
Bodams Daughter Spense, viz, Achinhiff or Cracullie. 

Thomas Gordon of Auchinhiff or Cracullie Second Son to John 
Gordon of Essy married the Laird of Inchpafra's daughter Drummond, 
with whom he begat four sons and a daughter, viz, his eldest son 
Alexander [Thomas 1 ] Gordon of Cracullie, James Gordon of Achenhiff, 

1 MS. of 1644. 
(61) 



62 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Mr Alexander Gordon of Tulloch, and George who dyed without heirs ; 
his daughter Mary Gordon married John Gordon Laird of Cluny. 
Their father the said Thomas was killed att the Battle of Corrichie 



His eldest son Alexander [Thomas *] Gordon married the Laird of 
Pittmeddens daughter Panton, with whom he begat one daughter who 
married James Gordon son to Cairnborrow who dwelt in Finnachty. 
Her father said Alexander dyed wkmt more children. 

His Brother James Gordon of Achenheiff succeeded, who married 
Bessy Rutherford with whom he begat two daughters, the Eldest 
Barbara Gordon married the Laird of Assloon Alexander Calder, the 
Second married the Goodman of Harthill Leith ; and after his first 
wifes death the forsd James Gordon married my Lord Saltons Daughter 
Lady Innes, they had no Heirs. The forsaid James of Achinheiff or 
Cracullie had a Natural Son called Alexander Gordon in Mortloch who 
married Anderson with whom he begat two sons and daughters, 

his eldest Alexander, his second Gordon. The forsaid James 

was Baillie in Strathbogie and dyed in Cracullie 1586. 

His brother [M rl ] Alexander Gordon of Tulloch Chancellor of 
Murray succeeded to his Brothers Lands, and he married three wives. 
His first was the goodman of Balfluigs daughter Forbes, with whom he 
begat a Daughter, who married Geo : Gordon of Sockach brother to 
Cairnborrow. His Second Wife was the Laird of Abergeldies daughter 
Gordon with whom he begat three Sons and two daughters, viz, Jas, 
Thomas, and John Gordons they dyed young; his eldest daughter 
married Duncan Grant of Belnatome, the second married Adam Duff of 
Drummoor. His third wife was Bessy Gordon a Daughter of Cairn- 
borrows with whom he begat two sons, viz, Alx r Gordon of Achinhiff 
and Tulloch, and Robert Gordon. [Lykewayes the forsd M r Alex r . . . 
son Hugh Gordon portioner of Dummoys who m . . . the Laird of 
Thomastowns daughter Forbes with whom he begat a Son John 
Gordon in Abercattie. Their father dyed in Tulloch. 1 ] 

The forsaid Alx r Gordon of Auchinheiff and Tulloch married the 
Laird of Gights daughter with whom he begat two sons, his eldest son 
W m Gordon of Achenhiff and Tulloch, and Gordon. 

1 MS. of 1644. 
(62) 



BALBITHAN MS. 63 

The forsaid W m Gordon married the Laird of Cluny's daughter 
Gordon, with whom he begat two sons and a daughter, his eldest son 
Alexander Gordon of Glengerrak and Thomas Gordon of Cranoch, the 
Daughter married Lesly of Bochrome, the said William went to France 
and was a Captain there and dyed in France. 

His eldest Son Alexander Gordon of Glengarrak sold Tulloch and 
coft the Lands of Newmills in Strath[i]sla, he married Keith, Brodie 
Lethenties daughter w l whom he begat a son called Cha : Gordon 
and four daughters ; one daughter married first the Laird of Buckie 
of whom this Buckie is come and after his death the Laird of 
, a Second Daughter married Easter Binns in Murray, the 
third daughter Mary Married Brodie of Windyhills, the fourth married 
James M c ky in Newmills. Their Father said Alexander took Patrick 
Roy M c grigour ane Catharine and another John Drum who were 
execute att Edenburgh, he also killed another Associate of Roy's att 
Keith where they fought valiantly upon Pauls day or rather the Even- 
ing anno 1667. He built the New House of Newmills in Strylla and 
dyed in Killbruiach in Murray. 

His Son Charles Gordon of Glengerach married Bracoe Duffs 
Daughter with whom he begat Sons and daughters. 

KNOCKESPOCK. 

The Genealogie of William Gordon of Knockespock third son of 
John Gordon of Essy begotten on Bodoms Daughter Spense. 

The said William Gordon of Knockespock married the Laird of 
Achinhives daughter Dowgat with whom he begat two Sons, his eldest 
son Alex r Gordon of Knockespock, and Hary Gordon who dyed without 
Heirs. Their father dyed [in peace l ] . 

His son Alexander Gordon of Knockespock married the Laird of 
Ardneedlies Daughter Bailie, Lady Asswanly, with whom he begat four 
sons and daughters, his eldest James of Knockespock, M r Al xr Burgess 
in Elgin, Robert in Clat, and John Gordon of Bouges sherriff depute of 
Aberdeen ; his eldest daughter married William Gordon of Tillyangus. 
Their forsaid father dyed [in peace 1 ]. 

1 MS. of 1644. 
(63) 



64 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

His eldest Son James Gordon of Knockespock married William 
Gordon of Ardneidlies daughter, with whom he begat three sons 
and three daughters, viz his eldest son William Gordon of Knocke- 
spock, Captain John Gordon, and M r Thomas Gordon, the eldest 
daughter married Donald Farquherson of Inchmarnoch, one [the 
youngest 1 ] the Barron of Braichley, one Mr George Gordon of Cracullie. 
Their father dyed in Knockespock Sep tr 1631 and was buried in the 
Kirk of Clatt. 

His eldest son William Gordon of Knockespock married the Laird 
of Gairns [David Garden of Garden's] daughter with whom he begat 
sons and Daughters viz James Gordon and Captain Alexander Gordon. 

The s d James married the Laird of Lessendrum's Daughter Bisset 
and begat . . . The said James went to France Captain in a Regiment 
and dyed there 1643. 

The Second Sons of the House of Knockespock. 

Mr Alexander Gordon Burgess in Elgin married Marjory Grant 
with whom he begat two Sons James and Hugh Gordons, after his first 
wifes death he married Anne Gordon the Laird of Strathawns daughter. 
The forsd Alexander Gordon had a Natural son gotten with a Gentle- 
woman of the Sirname of Stuart called William Gordon of Menmoir, 
who married Jannet Grant with whom he begat four sons viz, Alx r , 
Patrick, [The 2nd son Patrick or Peter married Janet Gordon of Cluny 
and had a son Charles who married Rachel Gordon, heiress of Aber- 
geldie, and from them come the present family of Abergeldie. 2 ] Hary 
and John Gordons ; he married to his second wife Grant of Achoro- 
chans daughter. 

John Gordon of Bouges sherriff deput of Aberdeen married 
Arbuthnet with whom he begat two sons, viz, Thomas and Hary 
Gordons who was killed in Germany. 

William Gordon of Arradowl [or Fochabers 1 ] second son of 
Alexander Gordon of Buckie married the Lady Innes with whom he 
begat a Daughter married to Jas. Gordon of Knockespok. He dyed 
in peace without further Succession, he had only a Natural Son called 
William Gordon in Lunan. 

1 MS. of 1644. 2 Added by Mr. Dalrymple. 

(64) 



BALBITHAN MS. 65 

John Gordon of Buckies Second Son Mr William Gordon of Cairn- 
field begotten on Belldornies daughter married three wives, his first 
wife was the Laird of Achintowls daughter Forbes with whom he begat 
a son John Gordon of Cairnfield, his second wife was the goodwife of 
Skeith, his 3 d wife was the goodwife of Findochty thereafter goodwife 
of Drainie. He dyed 5 th Janry 1632 [in Cairnfield in peace 1 ]. 

John Gordon of Buckies third son Alexander Gordon of Rothmeys 
married the Laird of Tillymorgens daughter Cruckshank, with whom 
he begat two sons John Gordon of Rothmeys and . . . 

The Genealogie of Alex r Gordon of Buckies Natural Sons. 

Thomas Gordon of Deskie married John Gordon Vicar of Keith's 
daughter with whom he begat four sons, viz, William Gordon in Daskie, 
John, Alxr., and James Gordons. Their father dyed . His son 
William Gordon of Dasky married John Gordon of Blelacks daughter 
Issabel Gordon, w l whom he begat three Sons, viz, Thomas, John and 
Alexander Gordons ; the forsd Thomas married the Barren of Ken- 
maichleys brother daughter Stuart. 

Alexander of Buckies second Natural Son. Alexander Gordon of 
Netherbuckie Baillie of Enzie married Christian Duff and begat a Son 
called William Gordon who married the Parson of Rivens daughter 
Hay, with whom he begat two sons, viz, William Gordon in Tar- 
naughty and John Gordon in Nether Bucky. Their father and grand 
father both dyed in Netherbukie. William Gordon in Tarnaughty 
married the goodman of Belldorneys daughter Gordon with whom he 
begat sons. John Gordon in Netherbukie married the goodman of 
Kininvies Daughter Leslie with whom he begat sons. 

Alexr Gordon of Buckies third Natural Son. George Gordon of 
Wallheads married the Laird of Asswanlies daughter Calder with whom 
he begat four Sons viz Alexander Gordon in Bellyhill, Thomas Gordon 
in Fochabers, and John and Peter Gordons. Their father dyed 
His eldest Son Alexr married Achintowls daughter Forbes and begat 
George Gordon. Tho : Gordon in Fochabers married Robert Gordon 
of Belcheries daughter, with whom he begat George Gordon of Wall- 
heads ; he had a Natural Son Archibald Gordon who begat Robert 
Gordon who married one called the White Hen of Dundee. 

1 MS. of 1644. 

(65) i 



66 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Having now gone through the Genealogie of the Family of Huntly 
and their Cadents as also having discussed the Genealogy of Jock the 
Heiress eldest Brother with the Cadents and descendants come of him, 
Order now requires that in the Last place we treat of the Genealogie of 
Thomas Gordon of Davoch the Heiress second Brother begot on Eliza- 
beth Cruickshank Laird of Asswanlies daughter. 

DAVOCH. 

The Genealogie of Thomas Gordon of Davoch the Heiress Second 
Brother. 

The forsaid Thomas Gordon of Davoch married three wives with 
whom he begat Sixteen Sons. I find no succession but by five sons. 
The said Thomas married to his first wife S r Thomas Hay of Enzies 
Sister, with whom he begat a Son Patrick Gordon of Achinreath Corrie- 
doun and Cotton hill, which he excambed with the Lairdship of Sauchen. 
The said Thomas married to his second wife S r Walter Innes 
Daughter of that Ilk, with whom he begat four sons, viz, W m Gordon 
of Ballvenie, M r Adam Gordon chancellor of Murray and Parson of 
Kinkell whose name is upon several places of the said Kirk in Gilded 
Letters yet extant with their date, his third son Tho : Gordon of 
Kenchie or Braikleys, the fourth George Gordon of Cushney or Hall- 
head. The forsd James Gordon married to his third wife Chisolm 
of Straglass Daughter, with whom he begat John Gordon who got the 
possession of Davoch from his Father. The said Thomas had other 
sons, but I have not their Names and find no Succession come of them. 
Their Father said Thomas dyed in Davoch and was interred in the 
Church of Ruthven whose monument is there yet extant. 

His son Patrick Gordon first Laird of Sachen married two wives, 
with the first he begat Patrick Gordon second Laird of Sachen ; he 
married to his second wife the Laird of Pittmeddens daughter Panton, 
with whom he begat Alexander Gordon of Pethnick and Contly in 
Stryla who dwelt thereafter in Parkmore in Balvenie and was forbear 
of the House of Invercharrach. Their father Patrick Gordon first 
Laird of Sauchen dyed 

His eldest son Patrick Gordon second Laird of Sachen married the 
Laird of Achlossens daughter Ross, with whom he begat three sons 

(66) 



BALBITHAN MS. 67 

and daughters, his eldest Son Alexander dyed without Succession, the 
Second William Gordon Laird of Sachen, the third son John Gordon 
in Brunhill of Cromar. Their father Patrick Gordon Second Laird 
of Sachen dyed 

His son William Gordon third Laird of Sacken married 
Forbes with whom he begat Patrick Gordon fourth Laird of Sacken. 
His Father the said William dyed 

His son Patrick Gordon fourth Laird of Sacken married 
Burnet with whom he begat two Sons, his eldest Son William Gordon 
fifth Laird of Sachen married the goodman of Kincragies daughter 
Gordon with whom he begat sons, viz, Alx r Gordon fiar of Sachen, and 
John Gordon. Their father the said William Gordon became in such 
dangers that he passed into Ireland and dyed there 1639. 

His eldest son Alexander Gordon fiar of Sachen married Robert 
Gairn of Tillyfruskies daughter who dyed in England without Succes- 
sion 1654. 

John Gordon of Drumhill first married Jannet Coutts, with whom 
he begat John Gordon younger of Drumhill Forrester of Cullblean who 
dyed also without Succession. 

The Second Sons of Robert Gordon first Laird of Sachen. 

Alexander Gordon of Pethnick and Cantly who dwelt in Parkmore 
married the Laird of Badenoch's daughter Symmer, with whom 
he begat five Sons, viz, John Gordon of Invercharrach, Duncan 
Gordon of Clunymoir, Alexander Gordon of Bochrome, James 
Gordon in Parkbeig, and Alex r alias Alaster Gordon in Achorlise. 
Their father the said Alexander dyed in peace and was interred in the 
Kirk of Mortleach. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Invercharrach married the Heretrix 
of Invercharrach and the Barren of Carrons Sister, with whom he begat 
Gordon Barren of Achnastink who dyed w l out Succession. 
He married to his Second Wife the goodman of Drainies daughter 
Innes with whom he begat five Sons, viz, W 7 illiam Gordon of Inver- 
charrach, Robert Gordon of Pittglassie, James Gordon of Kinernie, 
William Gordon of Achinarrow, and Alexander Gordon of Parkmoir, 
all in the Parish of Mortleack. The forsd John Gordon of Inverchar- 
rach had a Natural Son begot on a Gentlewoman called Alastair Gordon 

(67) 



68 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

att the Mill of Botarie. Their father the said John Gordon of Inver- 
charrach dyed in peace, he was very Hospitable and a good Hunter. 

His eldest son John Gordon of Achinstink married, and begat 
William Gordon of Achnstink, who married and begat Alex r Gordon of 
Achinstink, who married Issabel Gumming and begat Sons who dwelt 
in Mortlach. 

John of Invercharrach's second Son dyed without Succession. 

James, Robert, and Alexander of Parkmoir dyed without Suc- 
cession. 

John Gordon of Invercharrach's son W m Gordon of Achinarrow 
married and begat Alaster Gordon of Achinarrow, John Gordon in 
Easterkinmaichly, and James Gordon of Craiggon of Delmore. The 
said William there father dyed in Peace. 

And here I find myself run aground for want of further and better 
Information concerning the Family of Davoch, whose Representative 
this day is hard to be condescended upon, many of the forsaid Families 
and also their descendants being now extinct and without Succession ; 
So that my Reader I hope will excuse this rude and imperfect draught 
of the whole, and if any more versant in antiquity and Genealogy shall 
make up my defect, I'll reckon it good service done to the truth and 
Sirname of Gordon. 



(68) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



ABERGELDIE. 

BY 

JOHN MALCOLM BULLOCH, M.A. 



NEW SPALDING CLUB. 

K 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

THERE are various sources of information on the family of Aber- 
geldie. There is a pedigree in the Balbithan MS. (pp. 9-11); 
in Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898 (corrected by the late Hugh 
Mackay Gordon, XVII. of Abergeldie) ; by Rev. J. G. Michie 
in the Crathie Church Bazaar Book Under Lochnagar, 1894, 
and in Lord Huntly's Records of Aboyne ; while there is a brief 
account of the contents of the charter chest in the sixth report of 
the Historical MSS. Commission, appendix (p. 712) ; and various 
stories are given in Rev. J. G. Michie's Deeside Tales. Many 
references to the Abergeldie family, more particularly in con- 
nection with various land transactions and march disputes, will 
be found in Mr. Michie's Records of Invercauld. Two articles 
on the Abergeldie Gordons by the present writer appeared 
in the Aberdeen Free Press of loth and iyth Nov., 1900. He 
is indebted for special information to the late Mr. Hugh Mackay 
Gordon, who told him that many family papers were destroyed 
by a fire in 1812 ; to Mr. Kenneth Gordon, Lee, Kent; to Dr. 
Charles Gordon, Pietermaritzburg ; to Mr. D. Murray Rose and 
to others. The picture of Abergeldie Castle which is repro- 
duced in this monograph is from a photograph by Annan of 
Glasgow, and represents the fine old structure from the north. 

J. M. B. 

118 PALL MALL, S.W., 
February 10, 1902. 



THE LAIRDS OF ABERGELDIE. 

ALEXANDER GORDON, ist Earl of Huntly. 
SIR ALEXANDER GORDON, I. of Abergeldie. 

GEORGE, II. of Abergeldie. 

I 
JAMES, III. 

ALEXANDER, IV. 



ALEXANDER, V. 



JOHN, IX. 



PETER, XIII. 



WILLIAM, VI. 

I 
ALEXANDER, VII. 

ALEXANDER, VIII. 



RACHAEL, X. = CHARLES GORDON. 

I 
PETER, XI. 

CHARLES, XII. 



DAVID, XIV. 



MICHAEL FRANCIS, XV. 



ROBERT, XVI. ADAM. 

I 



HUGH MACKAY, XVII. 



LEWIS, XVIII. 



(7*) 



ABERGELDIE. 

The lands of Abergeldie lie in the parish of Crathie, Aberdeenshire. 
The meaning of the name is the " confluence of the Geldie " with the 
Dee at the west end of the castle. The derivation of "geldie" is very 
uncertain. (Macdonald's Place Names of West Aberdeenshire, p. 2.) The 
lands have been held by the same family of Gordon, descendants of the ist 
Earl of Huntly, practically since 1449, though actual possession did not 
come until 1482. The interest in the family has been heightened by the 
fact that Queen Victoria as owner of the neighbouring estate of Balmoral, 
rented Abergeldie during many years, and that her mother, the Duchess 
of Kent, and her son, King Edward VII., as Prince of Wales, used to live 
there. He is still the tenant (until 1922), at a rent of 4500 a year. 
The Empress Eugenie, who is descended from the old Scots family of 
Kirkpatrick, has frequently stayed at Abergeldie. 

The castle, which stands on the south bank of the Dee about six 
miles above Ballater and two below Balmoral, has been much altered 
and added to ; but, according to MacGibbon and Ross's Castellated and 
Domestic Architecture of Scotland, which contains a view of the building 
from the north-east (figure 520), it still retains the original tower which 
formed the nucleus of the whole, and which with its rounded angles, its 
crow-stepped gables and its somewhat elaborately corbelled angle 
turret, is a good and picturesque example of a sixteenth century manor 
house in Aberdeenshire. The means of access from the north bank of 
the river was formerly by a picturesque contrivance called a " rope and 
cradle " bridge, the bridge being really a rope from which the cradle or 
basket containing the passenger was suspended, and along which it ran. 

The arms of the Gordons of Abergeldie as registered 1676, are : 
Quarterly: ist, Azure, three boars' heads couped or ; 2nd, Or, three lions' 
heads erased gules; 3rd, Or, three crescents within a double tressure 

(73) 



6 HOUSE OF GORDON, 

flory counterflory gules ; 4th, Azure, three fraises argent ; the whole 
within a bordure quarterly argent and gules. Crest: A deerhound 
argent collared gules. Motto: "God for us". 

ALEXANDER, IST EARL OF HUNTLY. 
(Died 1470.) 

Abergeldie appears in the hands of the Gordons for the first time in 
1449, when it was in possession of Alexander, the first Earl of Huntly, 
who got it from the king for his services in suppressing the rebellion 
headed by the Earl of Douglas. 

Abergeldie was originally part of the vast possessions of the notorious 
Earldom of Mar. Thomas, Earl of Mar, the last of the direct male line 
(he died in 1376), granted " Abbirgedly " in 1358 to " Duncan son of 
Roger," who was bound to give suit at the Earl's three courts held " apud 
lapidem de Mygvethe " a stone at the Earl's great manor of Migvie in 
Cromar. In 1435 James I. boldly claimed the Earldom for reasons 
denounced by all the genealogists. In 1436 the lands were in the hands 
of John Mowat, for in 1438, according to the accounts of the Chamberlain 
of Mar, a payment is entered out of the rents of Cambusnakist by the 
King's grant of 10 to John Mowat for his right of the lands for the 
two previous years. In 1445 and 1446, the receiver of the king's rents 
is ordered to inquire carefully who is in possession of the lands, and 
what is their value, and in 1449 he reports them to be in the 
hands of Alexander, ist Earl of Huntly, and in 1451 the Chamberlain 
accounts for 10 as the rent of Abergeldie, which is said to be in the 
Earl's hands. But the Roger claim was still recognised so late as 1507 
as I shall show. 

The Earl of Huntly married Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Crichton, 
Chancellor of Scotland, and had (Records of Aboyne) : 

1. GEORGE, 2nd Earl of Huntly, who married the daughter of James I. 

2. Sir ALEXANDER, I. of Abergeldie. 

3. ADAM, Dean of Caithness, ancestor of the Gordons of Beldornie, Drummuy, 

and Sidderay. 

4. JANET. 

5. ELIZABETH, mar. (i)the 2nd Earl of Erroll, and (2) John, Lord Kennedy. 

6. CHRISTIAN, mar. William, Lord Forbes. 

(74) 



ABERGELDIE. 



SIR ALEXANDER GORDON, I. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of ist Earl of Huntly : died before 1504.) 

Sir Alexander Gordon clinched the hold that his house had got on 
Abergeldie. He received various lands in the barony of Midmar. The 
following dates bear on his annexation of Abergeldie and other estates : 

1482. Dec. 26. By deed of gift, James III. granted the lands of Abergeldie 
to Alexander Gordon (Records of Aboytte, p. 219). 

1485. He had a lease from David, Abbot of Arbroath, of the great tithes of 
the churches of Coull and Kinernie (Antiquities of Aberdeen and Banff, ii., p. 28). 

1488. Nov. 22. He got a charter of the lands of Tullitermont from his brother, 
Lord Huntly (Aberdeen Burgh Sasines, vol. i.). 

1489. Jan. 23. He got a grant of the lands of Eastoun in Cromar from the 
King upon the resignation of John Rutherford of Tarland (Great Seal). 

1501. Nov. i'. His charter on Abergeldie and Eastoun, which were incor- 
porated in one free barony, was confirmed (Great Seal). 

1503. He sold Old Midmar to James, Lord Ogilvie of Airlie, who however was 
to " tak na profit of the said lands " until Gordon's grandsons Alexander or James came 
of age to complete a marriage either with Janet or Marion, Lord Ogilvie's daughters. 
If the marriage did not take place, the lands were to remain in the hands of the 
Ogilvies until the sum of 600 merks was paid (Abergeldie Charter Chest, quoted in the 
Records of Aboyne, p. 220). 

Sir Alexander, who died before January, 1504, married Beatrice Hay, 
daughter of the Earl of Erroll. On Oct. i, 1504, when she was a widow, 
she was found entitled to her terce of the lands of Carnetralzeane and 
others in Kinellar, of the davach of Abergeldy and of Easton, and of the 
lands of the barony of Midmar (Antiq. of Aberdeen and Banff, iii., p. 242). 
The first laird of Abergeldie had, according to the Balbithan MS. : 

1. GEORGE, II. of Abergeldie. 

2. WILLIAM, of Netherdale, who lived in Ruthven of Cromar. In 1522 he 

raided the Corryhoul lands of Agnes Grant, the widow of John McAllan, 
in Inverernan and took away much booty (Antiq. Aberdeen and Banff, 
iv., p. 477). In April, 1530, James Gordon of Abergeldie as surety 
for William, was ordered to pay to Agnes " sex score of yowis price 
of the pece v schillingis, Ix of wedderis & yeild scheip price of the 
pece iiij schillinges, & foure score of lambs price of the pece ij schillings. 
And for the proffictis of the said vj* x . yowis in woll, mylk, & lammis 
xxvij pundis. The proffictis of the saidis Ix wedderis & yeild scheip 
sen the tyme of the said spulye three pundis. The proffictis of the 
said Ixxx lammis sen the said spulye as saidis iiij pundis" (Acta Dom. 

(75) 



8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Cone.}. On March 8, 1532-33, King James V. granted a charter to 
Agnes Grant, who had by that time married Thomas Cuming, of six 
bovates of the sunny half of the lands of Craibstone, apprised from 
James Gordon of Abergeldie for 126 marks due by him as surety for 
William Gordon's plunder of 60 rams & barren sheep, 100 wethers 
& 80 lambs (Great Seal). His nephew James, the third laird of Aber- 
geldie, became surety for him. The Balbithan MS. says he was killed 
at Ruthven by John Gordon alias John Geer. He married and had 
MARGARET, who got Netherdale as her tocher (Sasine, 26 May, 

1530). 

3. JANET, married before Oct., 1501, at which date she was living, Thomas 

Fraser, Lord Lovat, and had a son 

HUGH FRASER, Lord Lovat, who was slain by the Macdonalds at 
Lochlochy, 1544. He was the ancestor of the present 
Lord Lovat. 

4. Daughter, married Mortimer, the laird of Craigievar (Balbithan MS.). 

5. Daughter, married Ogilvy of Clova (Balbithan MS.). 

6. BEATRIX (alive 1555), married (i) Garden of Dorlaithers ("of whom is 

come Mr. Robert Garden of Belliemore ") : (2) Ross of Auchlossin 
(Balbithan A/5.); she was alive in 1574 (Records of Aboyne, p. 222). 
In 1487 there was a marriage contract (Antiq. Aberdeen and Banff, Hi., 
p. 299) between the heir apparent of Alexander Irvine of Drum and 
a daughter of Alexander Gordon of Midmar ; but the ceremony never 
seems to have been solemnised, and the girl may have been one of the 
four daughters mentioned in the Balbithan MS. 

GEORGE GORDON, II. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of I.: died before 1523.) 

This laird is distinguished by the fact that he got complete and 
indisputable possession of the lands of Abergeldie. Like everything 
connected with the Earldom of Mar, his tenure had been, to 'say the 
least of it, shaky. The Crown still put forward claims and the Roger 
family also had a claim. Gordon first cleared off the claim of the 
Crown : 

1507. Feb. 25. The Privy Council decided that George Gordon was " quit fra" 
the petition of the Crown, which claimed the lands, " because it was clearly sene 
. . . that the said lands of Abergeldie war destynct and separate lands fra the 
properte of [the Earldom of] Mar, when it was cled with ane Earl, and quhen it 
wes uncled with ane Earl, as our soverane Lordis old rollis sene and considered 
propertis" (Records of Aboyne, pp. 220-1). 

(76) 



ABERGELDIE. g 

Then he got rid of the Rogers' claim : 

1507. March 24. By a notarial instrument (in the Abergeldie Charter Chest) 
dated March 24, 1507 (a month after the Privy Council decree), wherein it is set forth 
that in the Court of the King's Justiciar held at Dundee, there appeared Thomas, 
son of Alexander, asserting himself to be heir of Christina Roger, his great grand- 
mother, in the lands of Abergeldie and others in the Earldom of Mar, and confessing 
that he had been fully satisfied and paid by George Gordon of Midmar, his rights 
therein being thereby renounced, and the original charter granted by Thomas, Earl of 
Mar, to his predecessors being now delivered to the said George (Hist. MS. Com., 
6th Report, Appendix). 

The second laird was alive in 1510, but died before 1523. He 
married Margaret Stewart (the Balbithan MS. calls her " Grizal "), 
daughter of the Earl of Buchan. She died in 1534. They had : 

1. ALEXANDER, alive in 1503 (Abergeldie Charters), but apparently dead 

before his father (Records of Aboyne, p. 221): though the Balbithan 
MS. gives him as third laird. 

2. JAMES, III. of Abergeldie. 

3. WILLIAM, in Logics (an illegitimate son), who married the daughter of 

Irving of Tulloch, and had five sons. The Balbithan MS., how- 
ever, names only four, namely, Alexander, Robert, James and John 
Gordon of Coull. 

JAMES GORDON, III. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of II. : killed at Pinkie, 1547.) 

On April 24, 1523, the young laird, " having arrived at the years of 
' discretion and marriage,' petitioned his guardian [Walter Ogilvie in 
Boyne] that he might be ' coupled ' in lawful matrimony. Ogilvie . . . 
offered him his choice of two damsels in every respect equal to himself 
Janet Sinclair and Elizabeth Ogilvie" (Records of Aboyne, p. 221). But he 
scorned them both and married Janet Leith, daughter and coheir of 
George Leith of Barnes, and widow of Alexander Seton of Meldrum. He 
was returned heir to his father only on October 6, 1534. In 1528 he 
had confirmation of a charter by John Stewart, Earl of Buchan (his 
uncle or grandfather), of the lands of Grandoum, Auchmull, Perslie, and 
others (Great Seal). 

Abergeldie, as I have shown, had to pay dearly for his uncle 
William's raid on Agnes Grant. He had to surrender six bovates 
of the sunny half of the lands of Craibstone. The other part of 

(77) L 



10 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Craibstone, in the barony of Grandholm, he sold to James Cheyne, 
burgess of Aberdeen. Abergeldie was to pay Cheyne " the sovme 
of sewyntene scoire of merkis in gold of angell nobilis crovnis of 
weicht unycornis and Leitht crovnis . . . witht ane sufficient lettre 
of tak . . . of the said landis ... for all the termes ... of fyf- 
teyne zeiris . . . followinge the rademynge ... of the said landis for 
tene merkis of pennye maill . . . monye of Scotland and als one 
sufficient lettre of balyerye of the said landis ... for the said 15 zeiris 
. . . thane. ... I sail ranunce the said landis ... to the said James " : 
witnessed 5th August, 1536 (Antiquities of Aberdeen and Banff, iii., p. 
222). This transaction gave rise to a feud between the Aberdeen 
burgh authorities and Forbes of Strathgirnock, who had some claim 
on the property. 

The third laird was killed at Pinkie in 1547 (Exchequer Rolls). He 
had three sons and at least one daughter : 

1. ALEXANDER, IV. of Abergeldie. 

2. JAMES of Lastis. Mr. Michie says he killed Gilbert Knowles and his 

son at the Calsayend. The Balbithan MS. says he married (Dec. 
i, 1574) the daughter of Donald Coutts of Kinarnie and had : 

(1) THOMAS. 

(2) JOHN, Ledach, Skene. 

(3) JAMES, burgess of Aberdeen. 

(4) ALEXANDER. He may have been the merchant in Aberdeen 

who wrote very many poems in the Scottish language (Maid- 
ment's Catalogues of Scotish Writers, p. 120). 

3. Mr. WILLIAM, married Janet Cairngill and had Alexander, burgess in 

Aberdeen (Balbithan MS.). 

4. BETRIX. She had for liferent the lands of Knock. This is mentioned in 

the precept of sasine given to her in 1556. It is unusual to sign 
sasines, and the designation is curious. The sasine, which is in the 
Abergeldie charter chest, has been summarised by Mr. D. Murray 
Rose as follows : " Alexander Gordon de Perslie dilectis meis Johanni 
Leyth . . . ballivis meis in hac parte Salutem Quia vendidi . . . 
dilecte mee Beatrice Gordon, sorori honorabilis viri Alexandri Gordon 
de Abirgeldy, in vitali redditu . . . terras meas de Knock cum suis 
pertinentiis jacentes in parochia de Glenmyk infra vicecom. de 
Aberdeen tenandas in capite de me . . . vobis . . . precipio . . . quatenus 
. . . sasinam dictorum terrarum cum suis pertinentiis dicte Beatrice in 
vitali redditu . . . certo attornato . . . per lie thak et raip ut moris 
est . . . tradatis Reservando tamen . . . libere tenementum dictarum 
terrarum . . . Jacobo Gordon de Leismoir patri meo pro toto tempore 

(78) 



ABERGELDIE. Il 

vitae sui. In cujus rei testimonium presentibus mea manuali sub- 
scriptione subscriptis sigilum meum proprium est appensum apud 
Aberdene decimo tertio die mensis Julii Anno Domini Millesimo 
quinquagesimo Sexto Coram hiis testibus Thoma Chalmer de Cultis 
Alexandro Chalmer ejus filio Willelmo Cristesoun Magistris Gilberto 
Murray et Johanne Nicholsoun notariis publicis cum diversis aliis. 
Alex. Gordon of Parsle Brynkburn with my hand." She was the 
second wife of Alexander Gordon (3rd son of James Gordon, I. of 
Lesmoir), I. of Birkenburn. She was the mother of: 

(1) HARRY, in Knock. He was killed in Nov., 1592, by the raiding 

party of Mackintoshes who also killed the Baron of 
Brackley (Earls of Sutherland, p. 217). 

(2) DUNCAN of Perslie. 

(3) JAMES. 

5. HELEN, "daughter of James Gordon of Midmar and Abergeldie," apparently 
the 3rd laird, married Thomas Fraser of Durris (Macfarlane's Genea- 
logical Collections, ii., 323) and became the grandmother of Sir Alexander 
Fraser, the famous physician who trepanned Prince Rupert, and 
whose daughter, Carey Fraser, married (about 1678) the third Earl of 
Peterborough. Sir Alexander's son Charles translated Plutarch (Diet. 
Nat. Biog.). 



ALEXANDER GORDON, IV. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of III. : died 1596.) 

This laird signed a bond against the regent, 27th April, 1560 (Cat. 
Scottish Papers L, p. 383), " to expel the French maintained by the Queen 
dowager and take plain part with the Queen of England's army, sent by her 
for that purpose ". He was known as " Black Alister," and Mr. Michie 
(Deeside Tales, p. 140) relates some wild legends about him notably one 
concerning an attack which he made on the Forbeses of Strathgirnock, 
who had a bitter feud with the Gordons of Knock. Abergeldie surrounded 
Strathgirnock's house and broke into it. Forbes was knocked down by 
a musket ball, and then hanged, and Abergeldie served himself heir to 
the lands of Strathgirnock, and came into the lands of Knock as nearest 
of kin. Certain it is he took part in Huntly's rebellion in 1562, and 
was compelled to ward in St. Andrews (on Oct. 30) under penalty of 
5,000 merks. Alexander Irvine of Drum was co-cautioner with him 
(Privy Council Register). In 1564 his lands were restored to him by 

(79) 



12 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Queen Mary (Records of A boy ne). The following items in his career 
are interesting : 

1565. Oct. 12. Abergeldie was one of the assisors at the trial of Alexander 
Lyon of Aberdeen and his wife for the murder of John Wood of Colpna (Pitcairn's 
Criminal Trials, i., 471). 

1566. May 4. Tack by James, Lord St. John, Preceptor of Torphichen, to 
Alexander Gordon of Abergeldy and his heirs and assignees "ane or ma being of na 
hiar degre nor himself," of the teynd schevis of the Kirkis and parochynnis of Tullich 
and Oboyne, with their pertinents, lying within the diocese and Sheriffdom of Aberdeen 
for the space of 19 years, which shall begin at the out running of the tacks made by 
the said Lord St. John to Beatrix Gordon, Lady Auchlossin [who was, according to 
the Balbithan MS., the grand aunt of the 4th laird] and Mr. Robert Gardyn, hir sone, and 
to their assignees of the saidis kirkis and teyn sheves for 19 years following the feast of 
Lammas 1555 : The said Alexander Gordon entering thereto at the feast of Lammas 
1574 and paying yearly of teind duty the sum of 75 merks within the burgh of Aber- 
deen at the feast of St. Bartholomew in August, or at the farthest in a whole yearly 
sum . . . , within one month next thereafter. At Edinburgh 4 May 1566. Witnesses 
John Forbes of Brux, Patrick Leyth of Harthill, Robert Abercromby, James Boyd, 
servant to the said Lord St. John (Records of Aboyne, p. 222). 

1568. May 8. The laird of Abergeldie was one of those (including 9 earls, 9 
bishops, 18 lords and others) who signed the bond of adherence to Mary against 
those who had threatened to " tak hir majesties lyfe maist unjustlie from hir, expres 
aganis all lovable law of God and man " (Calendar of Scottish Papers II., p. 404). 

1574. Sept. i. "The quhilk day in presens [at Aberdeen] of my Lord Regentis 
Grace and Lordis of Secreit Counsaill, compeirt Alexander Gordon of Abirgeldy and 
producit ane vallentyne deliverit to him for presenting of Matho Frig befoir the 
Justice or his deputtis, quhilk he ressavit upon the fourteene day of August last 
bipast : and that same nycht he send away spyis to se gif he was at the Mylne of 
Hoill, quhair he remainit with his fader. And the spyis remainit thair quhill the 
deponaris weir cuming, quhilk wes from the day of the same moneth. And efter 
the resett of this valentyne [Abergeldy] depones that the said Matho come to his 
faderis hous, and how sone he come the spyis quhom the deponar directit come bak 
agane and tauld the deponar that he [Frig] wes thair, supponand he sould not haif 
past away. Notwithstanding befoir the deponaris cuming he wes eschapit." Aber- 
geldie denied that he gave the spies orders to arrest Matho. On the same day James 
Gordon of Haddo was surety that Alexander Knowis, younger, burgess in Aberdeen, 
would be " harmless " of Abergeldie whose uncle James had killed Gilbert Knowles 
and his son in Aberdeen. Penalty 1,000 (Privy Council Register). 

1578. He took part in the attempt to decide a dispute between the Forbeses and 
the Gordons (Acts of Parliament). 

1588. He subscribed a bond at Aberdeen in defence of the " trew religion" and 
his Majesties government (Privy Council Register). 

1592. Sir Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, p. 218) says that Abergeldie as 

(80) 





ABERGELDIE. 

baillie in Badenoch to Lord Huntly was ordered by his master to raid ti. 
Mackintoshes in Petty for the slaughter of the Baron of Brackley. 

1594. Oct. 3. At the battle of Glenlivat Lord Huntly was supported on the 
left by ' the laird of Abergeldie " (Earls of Sutherland, p. 227). 

His son Alexander is called " apparent " as late as Oct. 24, 1594, 
but "of Abergeldie " in 1598. 

The fourth laird, who "dyed at home," according to the Balbithan 
MS., married Janet Irvine, daughter of Alexander Irvine, VII. of Drum 
( Wimberley's Family of Irvine, p. 6), and had six sons and six daughters : 

1. ALEXANDER, V. of Abergeldie. 

2. Mr. WILLIAM, VI. of Abergeldie. 

3. JOHN of Craibstone : alive 1614; he "had succession " (Balbithan MS.). 

4. GEORGE, killed at the battle of Glenlivat, 1594. Birrell in his diary, 

as quoted by Pitcairn (Criminal Trials, i., 361), says : " The goodman 
of Dorth and his son were slain at Balrinnes. This Dorth was the 
brother of Abergeldie." Mr. Michie says he got Knock from his 
father, who bought the property. There seem, however, to have been 
two different families of Gordon in possession of Knock. 

5. THOMAS of Grandholm. A charter was granted on July 25, 1604, by 

William Allan, burgess of Aberdeen, with assent of Andrew Hervie of 
Alrik, and James Hervie, his eldest son and heir, for their interest in 
terms of a contract between the granter on the one part and Thomas 
Gordon of Grandholm for himself and Margaret Forbes his wife on the 
other, granting to them and their heirs male in feu farm the town and 
lands of Carnefield (i.e. Balgownie) with manor house, etc., also the 
lands of Danestoun and Corthyburn (St. Machar) : to be held from the 
granter of the Principal, regents, etc.. of King's College (Laing Charters, 
P- 357;- O n March 4, 1606, Thomas Gordon of Grandoun was admitted 
a burgess of Aberdeen (New Spald. Club Misc., i., 101). In 1607 Thomas 
Gordon of Grandholm granted a letter of reversion in favour of 
George, Marquis of Huntly, over the lands of Auchoilzie in Glen- 
muick as principal, and the lands of Brodland, Newton of Watter- 
nady, as in warrandice, which Huntly had sold him redeemably for 
2,000 merks (Records of Aboyne). In the same year Robert Stewart, 
burgess in Aberdeen, became bond for Gordon in 1,000 merks that he 
would not reset or intercommune with Patrick and Thomas Fraser, 
sons of Thomas Fraser, elder of Durris, who had been put to the horn 
for the slaughter of William Irvine and Robert Burnet. According 
to the Collections on the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff (p. 231), Grandholm 
was called Dilspro "while possessed by the Jaffrays". In 1626 
Thomas Gordon of Dilspro was caution in 20 (Privy Council Register) 
that Sir James Gordon of Lesmoir (whose sister Thomas Gordon of 

(81) 



14 HollSE OF GORDON. 

Grandholm married) should pay his College of Heralds bill (Sir James 
was made a baronet in 1625). Dilspro had belonged to the Lesmoir 
Gordons, for the first Laird of Lesmoir had a son Harry of Dilspro. 
In Nov., 1638, Thomas Gordon, "late of Dilspro," resigned the shady 
half of the lands of old Govill in New Machar to John Kintie. 
Thomas of Grandholm married (i) Margaret Forbes, daughter 
of Alexander Forbes at the Mill of Gellan, and they had sasine on 
the lands of Carnfetie, July 2, 1604. He married (2) Janet, daughter 
of Alexander Gordon, 3rd Laird of Lesmoir, and widow of James 
Crichton of Frendraught, whose son was the host of Lord Aboyne 
when the latter was burned at Frendraught in 1630. (A Thomas 
Gordon appears in 1635 as one f the Gordons called on to 
give caution for their good behaviour, especially in view of the 
Frendraught affair.) A Thomas Gordon of Dilspro married Margaret, 
daughter of John Allardyce of that Ilk. (Information from Mr. D. 
Murray Rose.) Again Thomas Gordon " of Grandhum " was married to 
Elspet Grant, apparently a widow, for (according to the Privy Council 
Register, x., p. 486) on March 28, 1616, Alexander Watsoun, messenger 
in Aberdeen, complained that when he went to summon James Murray, 
brother of the Laird of Cowbardie, and others, to appear before the 
Council to answer the charge of ravishing Marjorie Fergusoun, 
daughter of Elspet Grant (" now wife of Thomas Gordoun of Gran- 
dum "), and was executing the charge against Arthour Chalmer, in his 
house in the Kirktoun of Kinnoir, he was attacked by the said Arthur, 
who " preassit to haif rivene his Majesties blasin of his breist," struck 
him with " fauldit nevis," and pulled out a long dirk, with which he 
would have slain pursuer, had he not escaped. Pursuer having gone 
afterwards to the house of Alex. Mathesoun, messenger, " and efter 
supper haveing past to his bed for taking the nichtis rest thairintill," 
the said Arthour, accompanied by Johnne Abircrombie in Sandistoun, 
and other accomplices, to the number of ten, all armed, came to the 
house about midnight, surrounded it, " strak in at the windois " with 
swords and long weapons, forced an entrance at the door, and there- 
after most cruelly assaulted pursuer, who " narrowlie eschaipit from 
thame ". The Lords order Chalmer and Johnne Abircrombie to be 
denounced rebels. The Thomas who married Elspet Grant may 
have been the son of Thomas of Grandholm, who, according to the 
Balbithan MS., " had succession " by his first wife. It is just possible 
that these Grandholm Gordons represented different cadets (which 
may account for the several marriages mentioned). A Thomas 
Gordon of Grandholm had at any rate a daughter : 

AGNES, who married Rev. Thomas Forbes, minister of Keig, son 
of the 6th Laird of Corsindae. They had : 

(82) 



ABERGELDIE. 15 

ISOBEL FORBES, who married Robert Lumsden of the 
Cushnie family (Lumsden's Forbeses). 

6. JAMES of Easton. In 1609 (July 13) he brought an action against 

David Kynnynmonth of Craighall, William Gray of Bandirrane, and 
George Seton of Parbroth, for remaining unrelaxed from homings of 
Feb. 20 and June 23 (1609), for not paying complainer as assignee to 
his brother (William) 6,000 merks as principal and 1,000 expenses, 
with 720 merks over and above. He married (according to the 
Balbithan MS.) Marion Scrimgeour, apparently a relation of Sir 
James Scrimgeour of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee, who frequently 
was surety for his brother. He had a son by her (Balbithan MS.). 
Sir John Scrimgeour of Dudhope married Margaret Carnegie whose 
sister was the wife of a Gordon of Cairnburrow. Was this James 
laird of Balmoral ? 

7. Daughter, married as his second wife Alexander Gordon of Tulloch, 

Chancellor of Moray, a cadet of the Buckie family (Balbithan MS., 
p. 62). She bore him three sons who all died young. 

8. Daughter, married Thomas Menzies, Provost of Aberdeen (Balbithan MS.). 

9. MARJORIE, married (i) Robert Duguid of Auchenhove; and (2) John Leslie, 

XI. of Balquhain (died 1638) (Balbithan MS.). Duguid was first married 
to Janet Forbes who divorced him for adultery in 1583. He then con- 
tracted a marriage with Marjorie Gordon, "as then held incompetently" 
(Leslie's Leslies, Hi., 442): but on account of his extreme youth, King 
James VI. granted him remission and dispensation, July 29, 1589, as 
if he had married Marjorie Gordon for his first wife. By Duguid she 
had a son William, VI. of Auchenhove, and Robert (Birth Brieve), who 
married Marie Forbes and had a son Robert in Poland. 

10. Daughter, married Patrick Mortimer of Enzie. 
n. Daughter. 

12. CATHERINE (natural), married James Farquharson, I. of Inverey (Michie's 
Records of Invercauld, p. 112). 



ALEXANDER GORDON, V. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of IV. : died 1601.) 

This laird was an ardent Roman Catholic. The following items 
refer to him : 

1593, March 3. Alexander Gordon apparent of Abergeldie as Principal and 
Sir James Scrimgeour of Dudhope (probably a relation of his sister-in-law, Marion 
Scrimgeour, the wife of James Gordon of Easton) as surety gave 2,000 merks assurance 
not to join the Catholic Earls (Privy Council Register), 

(83) 



l6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1593. May 26. Sir John Gordon of Pitlurg was caution in 2,000 merks for 
Alexander Gordon, apparent of Abergeldie (i) that by June 15 he should return to 
the Clerk of Council a bond subscribed by Alexander Irving apparent of Drum, (2) 
that he should keep ward besouth the water of Dee till he return Lord Marischal's 
letter allowing his liberty. In respect of the surety he is relieved of his present ward 
in Edinburgh (Privy Council Register). 

1594. June 12. Alexander Gordon apparent of Abergeldie is charged to appear 
before the King to answer for his good rule and loyalty (Privy Council Register). 

1594. July 1 1. He was denounced (along with John Gordon of Newton, Robert 
Gordon of Savoch, and George Gordon of Cochlarachy and others) for not appearing 
to answer the charge of being "treasounable practizaris and conspiratoris aganis the 
true religioun " (Privy Council Register). 

1594. Oct. 24. The Privy Council ordered the forfeit of the caution given on 
June 13, 1593, by Gordon as principal and Alexander Irving younger of Drum as surety 
for him in 2,000 merks to appear before them. On Nov. 4 there is a warrant under 
the sign manual freeing Irving as surety (Privy Council Register). 

1598. Dec. 9. Registration by John Halyday as procurator of bond by Sir James 
Scrymgeour of Dudhope, constable of Dundee, for Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie in 
2,000 merks not to harm John, Earl of Mar. Subscribed at Dundee, Nov. 30, 1598 
(Pnvy Council Register). 

The fifth laird of Abergeldie married before 1586 Margaret 
Mackintosh, daughter of William of that ilk, who had previously been 
the wife of Duncan Grant, Laird of Grant, who died in 1581, and of 
the Laird of Pitsligo. On April 2, 1604, she had sasine on the lands 
and barony of Abergeldie (Aberdeen Sasines). On Dec. 21, 1604, she 
married William Sutherland of Duffus (Great Seal, Nov. 25, 1608) who 
died before 1616 ; she was alive in 1627 (Eraser's Chiefs of Grant, vol. 
i.). The Balbithan MS. says he died without issue, but he really left 
an only daughter : 

BEATRICE, who had sasine on the lands of Waukindale, Tollibog, Hilloch, 
Auldtoun, etc., on Jan. 20, 1601 (Aberdeen Sasines, vol. ii.). 

He also seems to have had an illegitimate son, for according to the 
Privy Council Register a commission was granted in June 16, 1629, to 
the lairds of Pittodrie, Glenkindie, Invercauld, Monaltrie, and others 
to arrest : 

" ALEXANDER GORDON, the natural son of Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie, 
Alaster McComeis McFerrucher, his brother on the mother's side, 
and Robert Smith in Clauch, ane toune in the barony of Abergeldie, 
who on May 27 were put to the horn at the instance of Marjorie 
Brebner with Duncan Stewart as son, Robert Stewart in Aberardour 

(84) 



ABERGELDIE. 17 

and Arthour and James Stewart as brothers, and the remaining kin 
and friends of the deceased John Stewart in Aberardour for failing to 
answer for the slaughter of the said John Stewart. Power is given 
of fire and sword and there is a clause of immunity." 

The fifth laird died in 1601 and was succeeded by his brother, 
WILLIAM GORDON, VI. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Younger son of IV. : died 1630.) 

He was retoured heir to his brother on May 30, 1601. He had 
originally got Birkhall (formerly Stering) from his father. The most in- 
teresting incident in his career was his connection with the Catholic plot 
usually known as the " Spanish blanks," by which a Spanish invasion of 
this country was to be manoeuvred. The chief figures in the business 
were a Scots priest William Crichton and Father James Gordon, the son 
of the Huntly who had fallen after Corrichie. Young Abergeldie's con- 
nection with the scheme may be told thus : 

1591. March 7. Row says that on this date William Crichton ("quho hes re- 
mained in Spaine these two yeares") sent William Gordon, "sonne to Abergeldie, with 
letteris to M r James Gordon Jesuit to let Papists heir know quhat travel Crichton 
had taken with the King of Spaine since his arriving thither": and that the King of 
Spain was to invade England and alter the religion of Scotland by Crichton's advice. 
Therefore Crichton craved, " be this gentleman," so many blanks and procurations 
to be sent to him, as could be had of the noblemen here, " for the assureance of his 
trafficke ". Upon the receipt of the blanks, it was proposed to send, at the end of 
the spring of 1592, an army of 30,000 men, landing either in the Clyde or in Kirkcud- 
bright. The answers were taken by George Ker, but he was apprehended at the Isle 
of Cumbray. He bore many letters. One of them was written in French by Huntly 
and signed by two other noblemen, regretting " the defeate of the Navall Armie 
quhilk the King of Spaine called blasphemouslie The Invincible Armado ". Huntly 
is said to have averred that the Navy had not taken the right time in view of the 
great winds in harvest " forgeting," adds Row, that " the Lord of Hosts, who 
comands winds and seas, did avowedlie fight against him, proving his ' Invincible 
Armado ' verie easilie vincible ". 

1593. March 5. William Gordon and others were denounced as rebels for 
having failed to appear before the Privy Council to answer " touching the hearing 
of mess and resetting of priestis and papistis " (Privy Council Register). 

1594. Oct. 3. He was present at the battle of Glenlivat, for he got remission 
in 1603 (Spalding Club Miscellany, vol. iv., p. 159). His old friend Father Crichton 
has left a curious account of the battle (printed by Father Forbes Leith in his Narra- 
tives of the Scottish Catholics, 1885). 

(85) M 



l8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1602. April 13. Notwithstanding that Huntly had been ordered to arrest 
certain Papists, it was announced by the Privy Council that Abergeldie and others 
had not " purged themselves of the excommunication under which they live, but still 
remain in this country practising against the true religion " (Privy Council Register). 

1602. Nov. 21. He had sasine of the lands of Ballogie, Mill hole, etc. (A berdeen 
Sasines, vol. ii.). 

1602. Dec. 20. He had sasine of the Barony of Midmar (Aberdeen Sasines, 

vol. ii.). 

1603. July 20. William Gordon of Kennertie was caution in 2,000 merks that 
Abergeldie should not harm John and Harry Stewart of Ballagan, Andrew M'Andow, 
John Moir M'Allaster, Donald M'Allaster (his brother), John M'Comie, John Ker, 
John Gordon, and James M'Patrick (the last three in Crathie). The bond was 
signed at Abergeldie before James Gordon, Abergeldie's brother, and others (Privy 
Council Register). 

1605. June 10. Alexander Montgomery, citizen of Old Aberdeen, was caution 
in 300 merks that Abergeldie should enter John Donald, Findlay Dow and Patrick 
Ewen in Stradie, ""alleged to be his men, to answer to the Council for going to the 
house at Craigmonth of Ogle, occupied by William Johnston, tenant of James 
Fenton of Ogle and breaking up the doors spoilying the goods (Privy Council 
Register). 

1605. July 18. Fenton got Abergeldie and his associates denounced as a 
rebel for robbing and wounding Johnston. In 1608 Abergeldie's brother-in-law 
Patrick Mortimer of Enzie was surety in 1,000 that Abergeldie should bring his 
three servants to the Council. Fenton himself was put to the horn in 1609 for an 
offence of his own (Privy Council Register). 

1607. Feb. 21. John Scrimgeour, apparent of Dudhope, was caution in 1,000 
that Abergeldie should not reset his kinsmen Thomas and Patrick Fraser, sons of 
the laird of Durris, who had been put to the horn on July 22, 1606, for the slaughter 
of William Irvine of Glassick (Glassel), who married a Margaret Gordon, and Robert 
Burnet of Cowcardie in June, 1606. On Jan. 13, 1607, Abergeldie reset the Erasers 
and was fined 1,000 merks (Privy Council Register). 

1607. Aug. 13. He had charter under the Great Seal of the lands and barony 
of Abergeldie. 

1608. Feb. 5. Abergeldie was caution in 2,000 for Alexander Irving of Drum 
(who in turn was caution for his brothers Robert, James, William and John) not to 
harm the Forbeses, of whom a list is given (Privy Council Register). 

1608. Nov. 26. Abergeldie and his old Catholic associate Patrick Butter, son 
of Patrick, sometime of Marytoun, found caution in 500 merks not to wear hagbuts 
or pistolets in future (Privy Council Register). 

1609. June. He was made a Justice of the Peace for Aberdeenshire. 

1611. January 10. Two of Abergeldie's tenants on Easton and Loichmaynis, 
George and James Ross, complained that albeit the reset and intercommuning 
with that " vnhappie and rebellious race and handful of wicked people callit " the Clan 
Gregor was strictly discharged, yet on Aug. 27, 1610, Nicol Davie, accompanied by 

(86) 



ABERGELDIE. Ig 

ten or twelve armed men went to the market of St. Mary's and felled them (the 
Rosses) to the ground, and wounded them with drawn swords ; and all the people 
bolted in fear. Davie was denounced as a rebel (Privy Council Register). 

1611. Jan. 15. Abergeldie, Sir Robert Gordon of Lochinvar and James 
Gordon of Lesmoir were caution for the conduct of Lord Huntly after his present 
ward in Stirling Castle in the sum of 20,000 merks (Privy Council Register). 

1611. Dec. 3. Abergeldie was ordered to arrest Coutts of Auchtercoull 
(Privy Council Register). 

1612. Jan. 23. He was ordered to arrest several of the Leslies (Privy 
Council Register). 

1612. July 28. He was ordered to arrest James Gordon of Auchdryne and 
other " broken men " (Privy Council Register). 

1614. April i. The Aberdeen Register of Deeds (as quoted by Mr. Rose) records a 
contract between Arthur, Lord Forbes, on the one part and William Gordon of Aber- 
geldie on the other; whereby, for 18,000 merks, the said Lord dispones to the said 
William Gordon heritably without reversion or regres the town and lands of Lairie 
with the croft thereof, callit Carrieauchtane, town and lands of Strathgirnock, with the 
pendicles thereof called Tarnagowne, Candacraig, Lynefork, otherwise called Over- 
pleuche of Strathgirnok : the town and lands of Easter and Wester Abirgardynes, 
Kirktown of Abirgardyne, with woods, boiges, fishings on the water of Dee, and 
Glengardyne scheilling, commonties, common pasturages, pertaining to the said lands 
and specially to the lands of Lairie, Strathgirnok and Abirgardyne, with the manor 
place and stanehous foundit upon Wolt on the said lands of Easter Abirgardyne ; all 
lying in the parish of Glengardyn, barony of Aboyne and shereffdom of Aberdeen : 
And likewise in security of the said sum the said Lord Forbes has constitut the said 
William Gordon, his heirs, etc., to be assignees in and to the contents of a reversion 
given to him by Arthur Forbes of Boigis and Margaret Forbes, his spous, for redeem- 
ing from them or their heirs the town and lands of Sonehume(Sonehinnie ?) with the 
pertinents and teynd sheaves thereof lying in the parish of Midmar, barony of Cluny 
and Sheriffdom of Aberdeen ; by payment of 300 merks : and farther, for security to 
the said William Gordon of the said lands of Sonehume, the said Lord Forbes has 
sold the said lands to him : constituting here also the assignee in and to a letter of 
tack of the teind sheaves of the town and lands of Lairie, etc., above mentioned 
made to the said Lord Forbes by the Principal, Masters, Regents, and Members of 
the King's College of Auld Aberdeen for the space of a liferent and two 19 years tack 
of date at Aberdeen Oct. 13, 1608: And in and to another letter of tack and 
assedation of the teind sheaves of the said lands, granted to the said Lord Forbes by 
M r John Strathauchin, person of Kincardine, with the consent of the patron Bishop, 
Dean, and Chapter of the Cathedral Kirk of Aberdeen, for the space of two liferents 
and three 19 years, for the yearly payment of 8 merks teind silver and two bolls 
meall, of date at Aberdeen, Oct. n, 1611. Reserving to the said Arthur Forbes of 
Sonehume and his said spouse, their right and tack of the teind sheaves of the said 
lands of Sonehume, during the next redemption thereof from them ; And seeing that 
the said Lord Forbes has disponed heritably to Alexander, Master of Forbes, his 

(8?) 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Lordship's son, the said whole lands, mills, etc., above specified, with the whole living 
and lordship of Forbes under revision of an angell of gold ; Therefore the said Lord 
binds himself to give to the said William Gordon a declarator and decreit of the 
Lords of Council and Sessions upon the lawful redemption of the said lands in favour 
of the said Lord Forbes, finding and declaring the same to be lawfully redeemed from 
the said Alexander, Master of Forbes, his son. At Aberdeen, ist April, 1614. Wit- 
nesses, M r Thomas Menzies of Balgownie, Thomas Gordon of Grandoum, M r Robert 
Forbes, portioner of Fynnersie, etc. 

1617. Sept. 10. He was one of those who appeared before the Privy Council 
on behalf of the Gordons when the latter and the Hays "choppit hands" and buried 
the hatchet that had been sharpened over the extraordinarily barbaric murder of 
Francis Hay, who had shot (in a duel) Adam Gordon of the Gight family (Privy 
Council Register). 

1621. March 14. He was retoured heir to James Gordon, his grandfather, in 
the lands of Carntralzane, Beldestone and others (Inquis. Spec. Aberdeen). 

1621. Dec. 6. He was ordered to arrest certain Macgregors for the murder of 
William Macpherson (Privy Council Register). 

1623. N v - 7- When the Justices of the Peace for Aberdeenshire were ordered 
to appear in the Tolbooth of Aberdeen all did so except Abergeldie, Gordon of Brackly 
and another, who, giving no excuse, were each fined 40 (Privy Council Register). 

1628. March 20. "Sir" William (he is thus described) was commissioned to 
arrest several Highland thieves in Braemar and Perthshire (Privy Council Register). 

1630. March 25. Robert Skene, younger, Burgess in Aberdeen, son of 
Robert Skene of Slydie and Erdifork, got decreit against William Gordon of Aber- 
geldie on a bond to the late Robert Skene, dated May 29, 1618. There was a similar 
decreit on July 19, 1634, and again on July 22, 1642 (but these last two must have 
been against the next laird) (Skene's Skenes, p. 76). 

The sixth laird of Abergeldie, who died at Abergeldie in 1630, 
married Elizabeth Seton, the " Laird of Peitbroth's " (Parbroath's ?) 
daughter (Balbithan MS.). Burke (Landed Gentry, 1898) says that he 
married (i) Francisca daughter of Andrew Lord Gray, but I cannot 
verify the statement: which "has always been handed down in the 
family ". According to Baird's Genealogical Memoirs of the Duffs (pp. 137, 
138), Catherine Ruthven, daughter of - - Ruthven, provost of Perth 
and brother of the Earl of Gowrie, married " Gordon of Abergeldie " 
(William ?) and had a daughter Jean, who married Adam Duff of Drum- 
muir, who died about 1660. He had five sons and two daughters : 

1. ALEXANDER, VII. of Abergeldie. 

2. JOHN. The " Livetennand Colonell Gordon, brother to the Laird [of] 

Abirzeldie," who in 1642 ''schippit " at Aberdeen men for Lord Argyll's 
regiment in France, as mentioned by Spalding (Troubles, II., 187), may 
(88) 



2. 



ABERGELDIE. 21 

be the John Gordon in Littlemill who had been in perpetual service 
with the rebels fighting at Inverlochie, Kilsyth and other battles 
first as captain, then as major and then as Lieut. -Colonel. He 
appeared before the General Assembly Commission at Aberdeen in 
May, 1647, and begged for pardon. There was a John Gordon in 
Littlemill in Ruthven son of Alexander Gordon of Cromellat and 
grandson of James Gordon, I. of Letterfourie. A John Gordon in 
Littlemill was excommunicated as a papist, Nov., 1643. A John 
Gordon in Littlemill was made a burgess of guild of Aberdeen on 
March 16, 1663, and similar honour fell to his son Patrick Gordon on 
Oct. 12, 1664. 

3. WILLIAM. He was served heir to his father in the lands of Grandoun, 

Auchmill, Perslie and Craibstone, June 17, 1607 (Inquis. Spec.). 

4. THOMAS. 

5. JAMES. 

6. MARGARET, married Donald Farquharson of Monaltrie (known as Donald 

Oig). He was an enthusiastic anti-Covenanter ,<* i frequently 
figures in Spalding and in Brltane's Distemper. On Marcu 15, 1645, he 
was slain "anent the court de guard a brave gentilman, and ane 
of the noblest capitans amongis all the hielanders of Scotland ". 
Next morning his body was found in the "calsey stript naikit, for 
they had tirrit from of his bodie ane ritche stand of apparrell bot 
put on the samen day. His corpis ar taken \vp the wynd, and put in 
ane cloiss kist and had wp to the Cheppelhill, thair to ly on the Castel- 
hill." On the following day, Sunday (March 17), " Donald wes buriet in 
the Laird [of] Drumis lyll, with mony wo hairtis and dulefull schottis " 
(Spalding's Troubles, II., 455-7). Britane's Distemper gives Farquharson 
a fine character. He was " beloued of all sortes of people ... he gaue 
proofe of alse much true curraige as any man could hawe. . . . There 
was no man more humble, no man, saue a prodigal, that cared lesse 
for to morrow. . . . He was upon a sixe monthes stay at court, so 
become so weell lyked of, and in so good grace with, his soueraine 
lord, as he euer after called him his man. ... In fine, nether is my 
judgment nor my experience able to give a true charectore to the 
lyfe of this gentleman's singular and most commendable parts." 

7. MARY, married a Gray of Schivas and thus increased the influence of 

the Abergeldies in Buchan, for her brother-in-law Farquharson was 
the constant companion of Nathaniel Gordon of the Gight family, 
who was ultimately executed. She gave a great deal of trouble to the 
Ellon Presbytery, which excommunicated her in 1668 (Mair's Ellon 
Presbytery Records). " A View of the Diocese of Aberdeen " (Collec- 
tions for a History of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, p. 334) declares 
that the Grays of Schivas were "still Roman Catholicks" in 1732. 

(89) 



22 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

ALEXANDER GORDON, VII. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of VI. : died 1655.) 

Like his father before him he was all for the old order : and neces- 
sarily a strong anti-Covenanter. He figures frequently in Spalding, 
and suffered for his faith : 

1626. Sept. 12. Alex. Gordone, " fiar of Abirzeldie," was admitted a burgess 
of Aberdeen (New Spald. Club Misc., i., 142). 

1635. Aug. 7. Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie and other Gordons were 
summoned before the Privy Council to find caution for their good behaviour (Privy 
Council Register). His rents this year were 1368 135. 4d. (Michie's Records of Inver- 
cauld, p. 464). 

1639. May. Abergeldie was one of the gentry who gathered round Lord 
Aboyne at Aberdeen as a counterblast to the meeting of the Covenanters at Turriff 
(Spalding's Troubles, vol. i., p. 88). 

1644. March. Abergeldie was one of the lairds who met Lord Huntly in Aber- 
deen (Spalding's Troubles, vol. ii., p. 330). 

1644. July 6. Thomas Nicolson, advocate, Procurator for the Estates of the 
Kingdom, complained to the Parliament that he had " by great chairge and expense 
acquyred not only y e heritable right and property of the landis of Aberzeldie, bot 
also hes obteint y e gift of ye single escheit and escheit of lyferent of Alexander 
Gordon of Aberzeldie from y e Kingis Majestic off all landes haldine be the said 
Alexander of the king, be vertew q r of I [Nicolson] have y e only good and undoubted 
right to y e said lands of Aberzeldie and to ye mailles and dewtyes therof which I 
have bestowed and imployed yearly for y e mentinance and intertenement of Katherine 
Nicolsone my sister, spous to y e said Alexander Gordon and of her sevine childrene. 
Till latlie dureing the tyme of thir troubles in y e north there are thrie hundreth 
men and above of these [belong to the Laird of Glenorchy's regiment], which wer 
leveyed for pacifieing y e saides troubles, who have entered wpoun y e saides landes 
of Aberzeldie (since the returne of my Lord Marques of Argyle from y e northe) : 
and [they] satt doune wpoun y e poore tennentes, and quartered therewpon full thrie 
or four dayes and are as zit ye most pairt of them, wpoun y e saides boundes as I am 
informed quherby they have not only impoverished and depeopled y e tennents by 
destroyeing and takeing away all ther cattell, sheepe, and horse, bot also have eatine 
and distroyed y e haill growand corn wpoun y e saides landes, both of that pairt which 
wes labored be y e tennentes, and of y e other pairt thereof, which wes in mainesing, 
[sic] wherby the tennentes will not only be alluterly [sic] wnable to pay me y e fermes 
for ye next cropt, but also y e poore tennents, and I my selfe, will otherwayes susteine 
great loses throw y e impoverishing and herrying of y e ground in maner foirsaid ; and 
yo r lo[rdshi]ps supplicant will be put to great chairges and expens for ye mentin- 
ance of my sister and her childrine without yo r lo[rdshi]pis provyd remeid." He 

(90) 



ABERGELDIE. 23 

begs for an order for the removal of the soldiers so that his sister and her children 
" who are now dispersed in ye cuntry of Angus in severall strangeres houss attending 
till y e Lord provyde remeid" may return to their home. He asks also that a sum 
of money should be granted by the Parliament to his sister and her children " who will 
be destitute of interteinment and mentinance this yere to come in respect of y e dis- 
troying of y e grounds, goudes and comes ". The Parliament remitted the matter to 
the Committee of Estates, which declared "that to be publict debt dew" to Nicolson 
which the Committee "eftir consideratioune and tryall shall think fitting to be re- 
stored" to him (Acts of Parliament). Spalding (Troubles, II., 418) says that Argyll 
did not leave " ane four futted beaste " in Abergeldie. 

1644. Aug. 9. Notwithstanding Nicolson's petition and position Abergeldie 
was one of the castles that the Covenanters " be the sond of the trumpet " at the 
cross of Aberdeen ordered at this date to be razed. But the castle " standis still " 
(Spalding). In 1732, according to Sir Samuel Forbes, it was "ruinous". 

1644. Sept. 16. Abergeldie and Donald Farquharson of Tulligarmont or Monal- 
trie (his brother-in-law) with several other distressit gentilmen j^ ; - Montrose in 
Aberdeen and marched to Inverurie (Spalding's Troubles, II., 413). 

1644. Nov. Abergeldie was one of those regarding whom the Estates 
ordered the authorities to " mell with the papistis rentis " in order to recompense 
Forbes of Echt (Spalding's Troubles, II., 433). 

1645. Feb. Abergeldie joined Montrose in his expedition to Lochness 
(Spalding's Troubles, II., 443). 

The seventh laird, who died in 1655, married (contract 8 (12) May, 
1624) Katherin, sister of Thomas Nicolson, advocate, Edinburgh, the 
ancestor of the Nicolsons of Glenbervie. They had : 

1. ALEXANDER, VIII. of Abergeldie. 

2. JEAN. 

3. ANNA, married Cruickshank of Tillymorgan. In 1689 she is described 

as a widow, and at the same date she and her sister Jean are stated 
to have been granted a pension (Calendar of Domestic State Papers). 
The dates suggest that they were the daughters of the yth laird. 
Mr. Michie (Records of Invercauld, pp. 239, 260) says that William 
Farquharson of Inverey married as his second wife Ann Gordon, 
" daughter of Abergeldie ". She brought Balmoral to the Farquhar- 
son family. 



ALEXANDER GORDON, VIII. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of VII.) 

The eighth laird was involved in the feud which arose between John 
Gordon of Braickley and the Farquharsons of Inverey in September, 



24 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1666 (Macfarlane's Genealogical Collections, vol. i., pp. 377-380). In the 
course of the quarrel Braickley and his brother William and James 
Gordon of Cults were killed. The affair is recounted in the well-known 
ballad on the Baron of Braickley. 

It seems to have been during the life of the 8th laird that Abergeldie 
was garrisoned by General Mackay's troops. In 1689 Mackay set out 
to arrest Viscount Dundee, who escaped to Glen Ogilvie and thence to 
Braemar, where he was protected by Colonel John Farquharson of 
Invereye (the notorious "Black Colonel"). As Invereye House was 
very small, Dundee transferred himself to the stronghold of Abergeldie 
and from there directed the insurrection. Mackay burned the country 
for twelve miles round Abergeldie, destroying 1,400 houses. He burned 
Invereye and then descended on Abergeldie, which was held by 72 of his 
soldiers in 1689. David Guthrie, of Castletoun, minister of Glenmuick, 
preached to the garrison on Nov. 3, 1689 (Gideon Guthrie, 1900, p. 38). 

The record of Privy Seal, as quoted in Amelia MacGregor's History 
of the Clan Gregor, notes under August 13, 1685 : " Eschait Liferent of 
Alexander Gordon of Aber/eldie, James McGregar, in Glencallater, 
James McGreigar ther Alexander McGrigar ther James McGrigar ther 
given to Charles, Earl of Marr, - fferquharsone of Invercald and 

Mclntosh, Lady Invercald, his mother ". The Particular Register 

of Sasines for Aberdeenshire notes (vol. xiii., p. 279) that in February 16, 
1689, there was recorded " Sasine to Allaster Mcgrigor, sometime in Bal- 
nacroft, now in Tornawarran, on heritable bond by Alexander Gordon of 
Aberzeldie, under reversion of 1,000 merks in the lands of Tornawarran. 
Witnesses Gregor McGregor in Belno, Robert and John McGregors, sons 
to John McGregor, Portioner of Wester Micrae." The record of justiciary 
as noted in Amelia MacGregor's History of the Clan Gregor (vol. ii., p. 
14) notes that on June 13, 1692, Malcolm McGregor of Ballater and 
Alexander McGregor, sometime in Clachenturne, now in Tilliechurder, 
were charged along with Gordon of Abergeldie, at the instance of Robert 
Steuart of Innerchat with burning his house. 

The eighth laird married Euphemia Graham, daughter of Robert 
Graham, the laird of Morphie. She was alive in 1696 (Poll Book). 
They had : 

1. JOHN, IX. of Abergeldie. 

2. RACHEL, X. of Abergeldie. 

(92) 



ABERGELDIE. 25 

JOHN GORDON, IX. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of VIII. : died 1698.) 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of (the late) Hugh Rose, XIV. of 
Kilravock. The marriage contract, which is dated Dec. II, 1694, is 
witnessed at Kilravock by Sir Charles Ramsay of Balmain, Alexander 
Rose of Clova, Hugh Rose of Broadly, Captain Charles Gordon in 
Pitchaise, Mr. William Falconer, minister at Dyke ; and Mr. David 
Guthrie of Castleton, minister of Glenmuick, Alexander Falconer in 
Kinstearie, and Henry Rose of Ardersier (Register of Sasines, Elgin, 
vol. v.). In the Family of Kilravock (page 385) she signs her " deed of 
destiny" as Betsy Rose, in what Cosmo Innes calls a "s.. Roman 
hand". Her brother, Kilravock, "instantly makes payment of 7,000 
merks in name of tocher. She is to be infeft in 1,400 merks of yearly 
rent out of y e barony of Abergeldie, and to have the manor house of 
Abergeldie to live in if she becomes a widow during the life of Euphemia, 
Abergeldie's mother, and after Euphemia's death to have the house of 
Knock as a dowery house." The house of Knock was described by 
Mr. R. A. Profeit in Under Lochnagar. John Gordon died in 1698 
without leaving issue and was succeeded by his sister Rachel. In 1696 
the value of Abergeldie's property in Glenmuick was "430 out of the 
total of ;i,i22, and in Kincardine 140 (Poll Book). 



RACHEL GORDON, X. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Daughter of VII.} 

Rachel succeeded her brother John in 1698. She married (before 
July 5, 1698) Captain Charles Gordon of the Minmore family, which 
was a cadet of the Knockespocks and descended from " Jock " Gordon 
of Scurdargue. Thus, though the direct male line of Gordon of 
Abergeldie was broken, the name was retained, for Abergeldie is one 
of the very few estates in Aberdeenshire which have been retained by 
the same family for so long a period as four centuries. The captain's 
descent runs as follows (Balbithan MS.} : 

(93) N 



26 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

"Jock," of Scurdargue, illegitimate cousin of Elizabeth Gordon, had a son, 
Alexander, of Essy, who had a son, 
John, I. of Buckie, who had a son, 

William, I. of Knockespock, who had a son, 

Alexander, II. of Knockespock, who had a son, 

Alexander, burgess in Elgin, who had a natural son, 
William, of Minmore, who had a son, 

Peter, of Minmore, who married Janet Gordon 

of Cluny and had a son, 
Charles, married Rachel Gordon of Abergeldie- 

Charles Gordon who, described as "in Pitchaise," witnessed his 
brother-in-law's marriage contract in 1694, signed a bond for the Earl 
of Aboyne insuring the peace of the country in 1700 (Allardyce's Jacobite 
Papers, p. 21), and he was made a Commissioner of Supply in 1704 
(Acts of Parliament). He built the house of Birkhall in 1715. He had : 

(1) PETER, XI. of Abergeldie. 

(2) ALEXANDER. He was at the Grammar School and at Marischal College 

1706-1710, and was an advocate and merchant in Aberdeen. An 
Alexander Gordon, who had served his apprenticeship with Alexander 
Thomson, was admitted a member of the Aberdeen Society of Advo- 
cates, June 4, 1718. One of his servants, Charles Davidson, was im- 
prisoned at Aberdeen for taking part in the rebellion of 1745 (Allar- 
dyce's Jacobite Papers, p. 237). He acted as tutor and guardian to his 
nephew Charles, XII. of Abergeldie. He is apparently the Alexander 
Gordon in Aldihash, Glenmuick, "sometime merchant in Aberdeen," 
who died Nov., 1751, Charles Gordon of Abergeldie being his executor 
dative qua creditor. Charles had paid 165 133. 4d. for his grave 
linen, coffin and funeral expenses ; 36 to a physician " for his pains 
and trouble " in coming about 18 miles and attending the defunct 
during his sickness whereof he died ; together with other sums paid 
to John Watt, Charles Stewart, James Glass, James Mackandrew, 
Thomas Ogilvy and others. The inventory contains the sum of 225 
8s. Scots, as the value of the defunct's household furniture, cow, calf, 
an old horse and other effects, rouped on Dec. 24, 1751, by Samuel 
Gordon in Miltown of Braickley and Charles Farquharson in Drum- 
napark, Joseph Gordon in Birkhall being judge of the roup (Aberdeen 
Commissariat Testaments). 

(3) JOSEPH, in Birkhall, was cautioner for his brother Peter's widow, as 

executrix to Peter's will, Nov. 29, 1735 (he was alive Dec., 1751). 
I think it was his wife who sheltered the Oliphants of Gask when the 
latter were in hiding after Culloden. Old Gask, Laurence, 6th laird, 
lived in the moors near Birkhall for six months under the name of 

(94) 



ABERGELDIE. 27 

"Mr. Whytt," while his son, the 7th laird, took the name of " Mr. 
Brown," and this disguise they kept up for 20 years. Gask landed at 
Maisterland, Sweden, on Nov. 10, 1746. His escape was planned by 
Mrs. (Eliza) Gordon of Birkhall as described here in a letter to Gask's 
wife as follows (see the Oliphants of Gask) : 

Madam The bearer, John Glass, tould me you asked him for a mare I 
should have of Gasks. When I had the honour of seeing him first, he had 
a big brown mare. He desired me either to sett her att liberty in the hills, or 
send her to any place I thought she was safe in. Andrew Forbes, younger of 
Balfour, came here two days after I gott that mare. He took her along with 
him and put her into Parks in the Mearns. One Baillie Arbuthnott att Edin- 
burgh proved the mare to be hiss. Your nephew the Master of Strawthallan 
knew all the story and seed the threatening letters I gott about her. My 
nephew Abergeldie when he has the honour of seeing ycur ladyship will inform 
you likewise. Andrew Forbes sent me an account frorr ^e time off Culloden 
to August for keeping the mare in Parks, which accoun . have not paid nor 
do I desire to pay, because I think it reasonable the gentleman who has the nag 
ought (to) pay that himself. If you please to inform yourself concerning the 
mare, you will find all to be Truth I have wrote you. All I have belonging 
your husband is a silver snuff box, which he oblidged me to take as a memo- 
randum off him. Whenever you please to call for it, I have it ready. No doubt 
there might have been some small things lost, as I was oblidged to remove 
them oft times from place to place. If it pleases God to send Gask to his 
Native Country, he will do me the justice and honour to acknowledge me one 
of his friends. His watch which I caused mend, he sent an express for it two 
days before he left Glenesk. I seed a letter from a gentleman, written from 
Gottenborg, who writes me Mr. White and Mr. Brown is in very good health. 
I trust in Almighty God you'l have the pleasure off seeing them in triumph soon, 
and I am with regard and esteem 

Your Ladyship's most 

humble servt. 

ELIZA GORDON. 



PETER GORDON, XL OF ABERGELDIE. 

(Son of X. : died 1733.) 

He entered Marischal College in 1706. He was three times married, 
(i) to Margaret, daughter of Peter Strahan, Edinburgh ; (2) to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Lord Gray ; (3) to Margaret, daughter of Sir George Foulis 
of Dunipace, and sister of Sir Archibald Foulis, who assumed the name 
of Primrose and was executed as a Jacobite at Carlisle at the same 
time as the laird of Terpersie, Nov. 5, 1746. Peter Gordon died in 
Sept., 1733, and left his widow as his executrix. According to his will, 

(95) 



28 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

which was confirmed Nov. 29, 1735, with his brother Joseph Gordon in 
Birkhall as cautioner, there was owing to the laird the following sums: 

775 3 s - 4 d - Scots, the value of his " sheep, some kine and young store " which 
were rouped, with Thomas Gordon, portioner of Crathienaird, and John Gordon, his 
son, as judges. 

475 I2S. Scots, the estimated value of his riding horses, plough oxen and some 
young store on the Mains of Abergeldie. 

250 155. Scots, "as the amount of the whole produce of the Mains of Aber- 
geldie in Peter Gordon's own hand, cropt 1733, that cropt being for the most part bad 
or wrong in the High Country ; and to which the sums last mentioned, the said rideing 
horses, oxen, and grain, etc., were appretiate by John Bowman in Gowindargue and 
John Gordon in Balmorall ". 

The Bond of Caution by Joseph Gordon, dated Abergeldie, Nov. 22, 
I 735> an d written by John Gordon, the eldest son of Thomas Gordon, 
portioner of Crathienaird, is witnessed by Alexander Gordon, Abergeldie, 
merchant, Aberdeen. The following entries in the Aberdeen Inventories 
also refer to the will : 

1737. March 24. Peter's widow, who had by this time married Harry Lumsden 
of Cushnie, appeared before the Commissary of Aberdeen, and reported that she had 
added, eiked and conjoined to the sums of money formerly given up the sum of 149 
2s. 6d. received by her for wood sold since the last confirmation. David Lumsden> 
eldest son to the late Charles Lumsden of Harlaw, was her cautioner. 

1740. March i. She accounts for 9 stg. as the price received by her for a 
"yellow horse," which had belonged to Abergeldie. 

As stated, Peter's widow, Margaret Foulis, married Harry Lumsden 
of Cushnie, as her second husband. Peter Gordon had the following 
children, by which wife I cannot say : 

1. CHARLES, XII. of Abergeldie. 

2. JANET, died unmarried at Edinburgh, Feb. 14, 1811, aged 87 (Scots Mag.). 

3. RACHEL, died unmarried. 

4. EUPHEMIA, married in or before 1752 James, 5th Viscount Strathallan, 

whose father had been killed at Culloden. Her husband held the 
peerage for four days, April 14-18, 1746, when it was forfeited. He 
died 1765, and she on July 5, 1796. They had : 

(1) James Drummond (de jure), 6th Viscount Strathallan. He 

was an officer in the navy, and died unmarried 1775. 

(2) Andrew John Drummond (dejure), jth Viscount Strathallan ; a 

general in the army. His petition for the restoration of the 
peerage honours was rejected by the House of Lords 1790 ; 
and, as he died unmarried, the Abergeldie strain in the 
Drummonds died out. The family honours were restored 

(96) 



AbERGELDlfi. 2Q 

in 1824, to his cousin, the great-grandfather of the present 
Viscount Strathallan, who was born in 1871, and is heir- 
presumptive to the Earldom of Perth. 

5. JEAN, died unmarried (Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898). 

6. BARBARA (daughter by the second wife), married David Hunter of 

Burnside. 



CHARLES GORDON, XII. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of XL : died 1796.) 

He was born in 1724 (Scots Mag.). He was served heir to his 
father in 1737 and to his grandfather Charles in 176 He entered 
Marischal College in 1739. The principal improvements on Abergeldie 
Castle were made by him. He voted in 1786 for Skene of Skene in 
the Parliamentary contest against Ferguson of Pitfour. 

He married (contract Oct. 6, 1750) his cousin Alison, daughter of 
David Hunter of Burnside "and widow of one Paterson ". "They 
lived together," says their tombstone in Glenmuick churchyard, " nearly 
half a century in this part of Deeside, the best of parents, giving a 
good example in every way and serving to the utmost of their power all 
who stood in need." 

The I2th laird died at Birkhall, March 19, 1796, aged 72 (Scots 
Mag.), and his wife died in March, 1800. He left his eldest son Peter 
his executor under date Feb. 8, 1783. From the will (Aberdeen Inventories 
in the Register House) it appears that he had acquired since his marriage 
in 1750 the following lands : 

From James Farquharson of Invercauld. The Town and Lands of Toldow, 
Tombrack, and Altveit, in Glenmuick in excambion for the lands of Dilliefour and 
Broghdow and the Glen of Glencallater in Braemar and Glenmuick. 

From Charles, Earl of A boy tie. The Forest of White Mounth and the Haugh of 
Achallie, commonly called the Haugh of Dalmullachie, in Glenmuick. 

All these lands, together with Abergeldie, he left to his eldest son 
Peter. To his other sons, he left 100 merks Scots each, to be paid out 
of the sums and subjects conquest and acquired by him during his 
marriage. His daughter Margaret (Mrs. Skene) was excluded as she 
had already got her marriage portion. There were owing to him at the 
time of his death the following sums : 

(97) 



3O HOUSE OF GORDON. 

14 155. stg. and interest thereof, since due, contained in a bill dated May 
20, 1794, drawn by James Gordon, then in Spittal of Glenmuick, now in Tombrack, 
upon and accepted by John Thow in Haugh and John Donaldson in Lochside. 

i 55. stg. as the expense of raising and executing horning at the defunct's 
instance against the said John Thow and John Donaldson, on the foresaid bill. 

The I2th laird had the following children : 

1. PETER, XIII. of Abergeldie. 

2. DAVID (3rd son), XIV. of Abergeldie. 

3. CHARLES (2nd son), born 1756. He assisted in raising the 7ist Fraser 

Highlanders formed at Glasgow during the early part of the American 
War by Lt.-Gen. the Master of Lovat, and got a lieutenancy in the 
regiment in April, 1776. He went with it to America and got a company 
in the 26th Cameronians on Jan. 8, 1778. When the Cameronians 
arrived home in a skeleton state in February, 1780, he became regi- 
mental major and obtained a brevet lieut.-colonelcy in April, 1783. 
In 1787, when French intrigues led to the invasion of Holland by the 
Prussians under the Duke of Brunswick (for according to the Gent's 
Mag. he possessed a " perfect acquaintance with the topography of 
Holland" and spoke several continental languages), Gordon accom 
panied the Duke, and planned the capture of Amstelveen, which 
was the key of the defences of Amsterdam. As an attack in front 
was impossible the Duke determined to take the enemy in the rear. 
Thomas Rowdier in Letters written in Holland says that, to deter- 
mine if this was possible, Gordon, " who had acted as a volunteer 
throughout the expedition, was directed to proceed in a boat along 
the Harlem Meer and make as accurate a survey as possible of the 
ground behind Amstelveen. This dangerous but important service 
was executed with courage, ability and success, and our countryman 
passed several of the enemy's batteries. He proceeded along the 
Harlem Meer to the further part of it where the lake terminates in 
a long narrow tongue, which is called the Nieuve Meer. He examined 
the situation of the ground near the water and returned in safety to the 
Duke, making his report that the enterprise though difficult was not 
impracticable. The Duke immediately resolved to undertake it, and 
a detachment of between 600 and 700 men embarked in float-boats at 
the valley of Aalsmeer. The troops were ordered to proceed along 
the Harlem Meer to endeavour to land and gain the high road between 
Amsterdam and Amstelveen, and then by attacking the post in the 
rear to make way for the entrance of the Duke's army. As this object 
was of the greatest importance, the Duke for fear the detachment 
which crossed the lake should not be successful ordered two companies 
to endeavour, under cover of the night, to proceed along a footpath 

(98) 



ABERGELDIE. 31 

by the edge of the water, and in like manner to get the road at the 
back of Amstelveen. The charge of the embarkation was committed 
to the same British officer [Gordon]. Under his direction the whole 
was conducted in such a manner that not one boat was overset, nor 
one man lost either in embarking or landing the soldiers [at Leile]. 
After the troops landed they were forwarded under the command of 
a Prussian officer." Gordon seems to have been recalled to England 
and made lieut.-colonel of the 4ist Regiment which had till then been 
a corps of invalids. "Viator A," who had investigated Gordon's 
career, writing to the Gentleman's Magazine (vol. lx., p. 1066), speaks of 
Gordon's " intrepidity, activity and military knowledge ". He adds : 
" Upon the probability of war between the Hou ^s of Austria and 
Brandenburg, he joined the Prussian army in Sile; in the course of 
last spring [1780], and from the great estimation in which he was 
held by the chief personages, there it is probable he would have been 
conspicuously employed there had a rupture actually taken place. 
Sensible of the services rendered in Holland by Colonel Gordon, and 
highly pleased with his intelligence and activity, the King of Prussia 
not only treated him with every mark of flattering attention, but 
invested him with the [Prussian] Order of [Military] Merit [which 
like all foreign Orders, until 1814, carried knighthood with it in 
England. He got permission to wear it in England, Aug. 3, 1790. Up 
to 1793 he was the only foreigner on whom this decoration had 
ever been conferred.] The King of Prussia also I believe gave him 
the strongest letters of recommendation to the Sovereign of this 
country. When Colonel Gordon passed through Saxony a short 
time since upon his return to England, I heard the highest praise 
bestowed on him by the first military characters in the Electoral 
service. At Brunswick I heard him mentioned with the greatest 
esteem and commendation by the most illustrious personages at the 
Court, and the reigning Duke of Brunswick gave him letters for this 
country full of approbations and esteem." A letter from Gordon to 
the Duke of Leeds, dated Dresden, April 3, 1790, says the Duke of 
Brunswick wished him for his A.D.C., and the Dictionary of National 
Biography says that Gordon " appears to have gone through the 
campaign of 1791-2 as British Military Commissioner". In 1793 
a large expedition (4,891 strong) went to the West Indies under 
Sir Charles Grey (ist Earl) and Admiral Jervis. Gordon was one 
of the three brigadiers (pending the arrival of the Duke of Kent) 
who commanded the attack on Cas de Navire, at the attack on Mar- 
tinique, and was thanked in general orders (see Rev. Cooper Willyams' 
Account of the campaign, 1796). He was employed at the capture of 
St. Lucia and was made governor of the island. Difficulties and 
disputes as to prize rights in property in the captured islands led to 

(99) 



32 HdUSE OF GORDON. 

the most unfounded charges of confiscation and extortion against the 
sea and land commanders of the expedition. Against Gordon like 
accusations proved either better founded or more successful. Formal 
complaints were made against him, in his capacity of governor of St. 
Lucia, of extortion and taking bribes from disaffected persons to allow 
them to remain in the island and afterwards breaking faith with them. 
Gordon was court-martialled and sentenced to refund the money and 
be cashiered. In consequence of his past services and circumstances 
disclosed at the court-martial he was allowed to receive the value of 
his commissions, for the sentence of cashiering was confirmed neither 
by the authorities in the West Indies or at home. He survived his 
dismissal more than forty years. He appears to have been in Holland 
in 1803 and in communication with the home authorities just after 
the Peace of Amiens. He died in Ely Place, London, 26th March, 
1835, aged 79. According to Mr. Hugh Gordon, the iyth laird of Aber- 
geldie, Sir Charles, was constantly employed by the Foreign Office in 
various capacities on the Continent from 1799 to 1815. " I well 
recollect him visiting at my father's house at Blackheath, when I 
was a boy, as a fine, upright old gentleman, and I have a good portrait 
of him painted some years earlier." 

4. ADAM, of Denmark Hill, London, was born in 1758. He and his 
brother David, who married sisters, were members of the firm of 
Gordon & Biddulph, iron manufacturers, engineers and shipbuilders. 
Mr. John Biddulph, their partner and brother-in-law, was also a 
partner in the banking firm at Charing Cross, now Cocks, Biddulph 
& Co. The Biddulphs are an old family, who settled at Ledbury 
in Hereford in the i7th century. One of them was married to 
the sister of Major-General Shrapnel, the inventor of shrapnel 
shell (1793). Adam Gordon married Penelope, the daughter of 
Michael Biddulph. He died on the 28th May, 1800, leaving an 
only son : 

WILLIAM, of Haffield, Hereford, born Dec. 8, 1794. He matricu- 
lated at Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1812 (Foster}. He 
was High Sheriff in 1829. He married at St. George's, 
Bloomsbury, Dec. 21, 1820, Mary, eldest daughter of William 
Wingfield, a Master in Chancery, by Lady Charlotte Digby 
(Burke's Commoners). Besides two daughters, Charlotte 
Florence and Caroline Anne, he had a son : 

REV. EDWARD WILLIAM, born May, 1828. He was 
educated at Christ Church, Oxford, 1847-1851 ; 
M.A. 1854 > an d was called to the bar at Lincoln's 
Inn 1860 (Foster). He married, at Florence, on 
May 5, 1855, Mathilde Henriette Adelaide Heloise, 

(100) 



ABERGELDIE. 33 

daughter of Baron de Hagermann, and died April 
29, 1879, leaving issue : 

(i.) ARTHUR MICHAEL WINGFIELD, born May n, 1859. 
(ii.) HERBERT EDWARD, born March 4, 1862. 
(iii.) CLARA GEORGINA MARY, born Dec. 26, 1856. 
(iv.) EDITH LUCY, born Oct. 23, 1860. 
(v.) ALICE EMILY, married Arthur Midgley Kettlewell. 

WILLIAM. He was born in 1765 and was a tertian and magistrand at 
Marischal College, 1778-80. Then he entered the 6oth Regiment, now 
the King's Royal Rifles. He was captured (Oct. 19, 1781) at the 
siege of Yorktown, Virginia, where he commanded the light infantry 
company of the 7ist Regiment (Michie's Records of Invercauld, p. 
184). In recording his death at Dominica on July 6, 1793, in the 
28th year of his age, the Scots Magazine says : " It was owing to 
Major Gordon's gallant conduct at the head of the storming part}' 
composed of a small column of light infantry, who dashed into 
the enemy's walls and forced the commandant to surrender at 
discretion, that the island of Tobago was captured. [The I7th 
laird of Abergeldie possesses several letters by him dealing with 
Tobago, copies of resolutions in praise of him passed by the Council 
of the island. The silver vase, which was presented to his father 
in his memory, is still preserved as an heirloom in the family.] 
For during the event, Brigadier-General Ayler, who commanded 
the main body of the troops, had been obliged to fall back and 
knew not that the fort had been taken till the fact was announced 
by the firing of the morning gun and the hoisting of the British 
colours by Major Gordon. When the attack on the island of Martinique 
was afterwards determined on, Major Gordon was appointed to the 
command of the light infantry companies of all the regiments in the 
Leeward Islands, in which important situation he evinced the same 
intrepid spirit. And at the landing of the troops on that expedition 
he pushed forward and penetrated upwards of six miles into the island 
under every possible disadvantage, exposed to a heavy fire from the 
enemy, almost incessant rain succeeding scorching sun, and during 
forty hours under arms, without a morsel to eat or any other cover- 
ing but the heavens. The House of Assembly at Barbadoes, in which 
island Major Gordon had commanded the battalion many months, 
voted to him in June last [1793] an elegant sword as a token of their 
respect and expression of their approbation of the uniform regularity 
and good conduct of his troops. And the inhabitants in general 
testified their regard to him by stocking with every kind of refresh- 
ment the man-of-war on which he embarked against Martinique, 
where his gallant and soldier-like conduct in repulsing an attack of 

(101) 



34 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

the enemy was so peculiarly distinguished that the Comrnander-in- 
Chief returned particular thanks in public orders." 

6. ALEXANDER SINCLAIR, d. s.p. June 30, 1837, a S ecl 77- He was adjutant to 

the London and Westminster Volunteers. The Abergeldie family 
possess an oil portrait of him on horseback, with drawn sword, in the 
uniform of the regiment (Scottish Notes and Queries, 2nd series, i., 95). 

7. JOHN, died young. 

8. MARGARET, married Oct. 26, 1769, Dr. George Skene, physician in 

Aberdeen, VI. of Dumbreck. He was made Professor of Natural 
Philosophy in Marischal College at the age of 19. Mrs. Rodger 
(Aberdeen Doctors, p. 68) says a portrait of his wife "shows a lady of 
keen Aberdeenshire features in a mob cap and ribbons ". Dr. Skene 
died suddenly March 25, 1803, aged 61 : his wife died Jan. 16, 1802, 
aged 51. He had five sons and six daughters (Anderson's Fasti 
Academiae Mariscallanae, ii., 46). His fourth son, 

ANDREW SKENE, became Solicitor-General for Scotland (Skene's 
Skenes, pp. 73-4). 

PETER GORDON, XIII. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Son of XII. : died 1819.) 

He was born in 1751 and entered Marischal College in 1762. He 
was one of the assessors to the Lord Rector in 1804 (Fasti Acad. Marisc., 
vol. ii., p. 19). Mr. Michie (Under Lochnagar) says he was captain in the 
8ist Regiment, which was raised by Colonel William Gordon, brother 
of the Earl of Aberdeen, and disbanded in 1783. In Deeside Tales Mr. 
Michie says he was a lieutenant in the Gordon Highlanders, and was 
instructed to get recruits for the new regiment (1794). The Peter 
Gordon, however, who was a lieutenant of the Gordons at that date is 
stated in Gardyne's Gordon Highlanders (p. 20) to have died in 1806. 

It was in his time that Keith wrote (Agriculture of Aberdeenshire, 
1811) 

Abergeldie abounds in so many natural beauties as are seldom to be met with 
in one place ; and it is at least doubtful whether the present venerable mansion 
would not in this Highland district be preferred by a person of taste and sensibility 
to a modern house of the most correct architecture. 

He married (i) Mary, daughter of John Forbes of Blackford (Landed 
Gentry, 1898), and (2) at Glenkindy in April, 1803 (Scots Mag.), Eliza- 
beth Ann, second daughter of Alexander Leith of Freefield (by Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of James Gordon of Cobairdy). Her brother, Sir 

(102) 



ABERGELDIE. 35 

Alexander Leith, the " Knycht of Glenkindie," was a notable soldier. 
His second wife died without issue at Palmer's Cross, Morayshire, 
Oct., 1855, an d was buried in Elgin Cathedral (Descendants of James 
Young, p. xvi.). It was probably in honour of one of the thirteenth laird's 
wives that Robert Petrie (1767-1828), the famous Strathardle fiddler, com- 
posed the air known as " Mrs. Gordon of Abergeldie," to which Mr. W. 
M'Combie Smith has written a ballad called " A' for Love". It may 
be noted that Burns's song, " The Birks of Aberfeldy," was founded on 
an earlier song in which Abergeldie was the place mentioned. 

The thirteenth laird died at Aberdeen on Dec. 6, 1819, aged 68 
(Scots Mag.}, and was buried in Glenmuick Churchyard, and was suc- 
ceeded by his brother David, for his only daughter (by his first wife), 

KATHERINE, died at her uncle's house, Dulwich Hill, Camberwell, January 
26, 1802, in her i8th year (Scots Mag.). 

DAVID GORDON, XIV. OF ABERGELDIE. 

(Younger Son of XII. : died 1831.) 

Born in 1753, he is probably the David Gordon who was at 
Marischal College 1768-72. He began his career in the army, for he 
was captured at the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, Oct. 19, 1781, along 
with his brother William (Michie's Records of Invercauld, p. 184). He 
was back at Birkhall by Aug. 24, 1782 (p. 191). He was, as stated, a 
member with his brother Adam of the firm of Gordon & Biddulph. He 
married June 15, 1789,1118 brother's wife's sister Anne, daughter of Michael 
Biddulph of Ledbury. Mr. Michie says that it was in his time that there 
arose a complication of march interests between the estates of Abergeldie 
and Birkhall which was finally settled in the law courts in an action 
by the late laird Mr. Hugh Mackay Gordon and King Edward VII., 
then Prince of Wales. The Laird of Abergeldie lost his case. David 
Gordon was served heir to his brother Peter on Feb. 28, 1820 (Services of 
Heirs). He died Oct. 22, 1831, aged 78. Mr. A. I. McConnochie states 
(The Royal Dee, p. 77) that the last occasion on which we have mention 
of birch wine being produced at Abergeldie was at the funeral of this 
laird. In 1810 the author of The Scenery of the Grampian Mountains 
got some of the " excellent birch wine" from the thirteenth laird, and 
it seemed to him to be " superior to the finest champagne ". David 
Gordon's wife died Feb. 26, 1841. He had four sons and three 

(103) 



36 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

daughters. I may say that all these later descents are taken from the 
article in Burke's Landed Gentry (1898), which was specially corrected 
by the late Mr. Hugh Mackay Gordon : 

1. CHARLES DAVID, born October 30, 1790. He was at Harrow with Lord 

Byron, with whom he was a great favourite. Letters from Byron to 
him (dated Aug. 4 and 14, 1805) are printed in Mr. Prothero's Byron. 
In the latter Byron says: 

Believe me, my dearest Charles, no letter from you can ever be unenter- 
taining or dull, at least to me. On the contrary, they will always be 
productive of the highest pleasure as often as you think proper to gratify. 

Byron once visited him at Abergeldie. He married, April 22, 
1819, Marian, eldest daughter of Robert Phillips of Longworth, Here- 
ford (by a daughter of Michael Biddulph of Ledbury). He died 
Nov. 24, 1826, leaving four daughters : 

(1) ANNA MARIA, married in 1871 Count von Schmising Kerssen- 

brock, and died May, 1889. She had the superiority 
rights over Birkhall. They were bought up by the Prince 
of Wales, now King Edward VII. 

(2) KATHERINE FRANCES, married in 1842 Duncan Davidson of 

Tillychetly, Aberdeenshire, and died Feb., 1868. She had 

an only son : 

Henry Oliver Duncan Davidson of Tillychetly (born 
1856), who is an assistant master at Harrow 
School. He is married and has issue. 

(3) ISABELLA MARGARET, married (i) in 1854 Anthony Gibbs of 

Merry Hill, Herts, brother of the ist Baron Aldenham, and 
(2) in 1866 R. H. Lee Warner of Tyberton Court, Hereford. 
She died March 15, 1895. 

(4) EMILIA LUCY. 

2. MICHAEL FRANCIS, XV. of Abergeldie. 

3. ROBERT, XVI. of Abergeldie. 

4. ADAM, born March 30, 1801. He married at Topsham Church, Devon, 

Nov. 8, 1825, Susan, sixth daughter of Rev. John Swete of Oxton 
House, Devon, and lived at Blackheath near Charlton, Kent. He 
died Jan. 14, 1839. She died March 21, 1861, leaving seven sons 
and a daughter. 

(1) HUGH MACKAY, XVII. of Abergeldie. 

(2) LEWIS, XVIII. of Abergeldie. 

(3) CHARLES VINCENT, Colonel, Madras Corps, born Dec. 2, 1829. 

He went through the whole of the Mutiny. He married 
(i) June 15, 1854, Emma Morgan (died 1859), second 
daughter of Charles Godwin, and (2) in 1866 Frances 
Edith, eldest daughter of George Olliver of Kingston, 

(104) 



ABERGELDIE. 37 

Sussex. He died June 6, 1897, having had two sons by 
his first wife and the rest of his children by his second : 

i. COSMO HUNTLY, born June 13, 1855. Major in the 
Buffs (East Kent Regiment). He went through the 
Zulu War. He married, Oct. 19, 1892, Ida Mary, 
daughter of Captain O. W. Ford, late Bengal Army. 

ii. ROBERT FRANCIS, born Aug. 24, 1856 ; died May 
30, 1861. 

iii. CHARLES GERALD, born Oct. 15, 1868; Captain Stein- 
acker's Horse in the South African War, 1900-1. 

iv. GEOFFREY SETON, born Nov. 2, 1880; Lieut. East 
Yorkshire Regiment (gazetted May 26, 1900). 

v. JOHN EDMUND, born June 9, 1887. 

vi. FLORENCE. 

vii. HELEN BLANCHE. 

viii. CONSTANCE EVELYN. 

(4) REV. ADAM STEPHENSON, was born on Nov. 27, 1831, and 

was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, 1850-1854; M.A. 
1856. He was curate of Chelsfield, 1855-69. He lives at 
the Villa Gourdon, Cannes. He married Aug. n, 1869, Julia 
Isabella, daughter of Rev. I. W. Baugh, rector of Ripple, 
Worcester. She died Feb. 9, 1892. 

(5) DUNDAS WILLIAM, born March 24, 1833. He entered the 

Bengal Artillery, and was killed at Lucknow on Jan. 8, 1858. 

(6) COSMO, born Nov. 2, 1837 ; Major, Madras Staff Corps, died 

July 19, 1878. 

(7) JAMES HENRY, C.B., D.S.O., born Jan. 25, 1839. He entered 

the service of the East India Company and was attached to 
the 4&th Madras Native Infantry in 1857, and entered the 
Madras Staff Corps in 1869. He became Colonel in 1883, 
and served in the Burmese War, 1885-6. He was granted 
the D.S.O. in 1887 and created C.B. in 1893. He married, 
Jan. 28, 1869, Arabella, 2nd daughter of the late Charles 
Hewit Sams of Lee, Kent (his brother Hugh, the late laird 
of Abergeldie, married her elder sister), and has 

i. CHARLES CECIL, Captain, Royal Scots, born Sept., 
1871 ; died April, 1899. 

ii. GEORGE HAMILTON, Captain, Royal Engineers, born 
March 29, 1875. 

iii. LUCY, married 1889, Lieut. -Col. Willoughby Verner 
Constable, R.E. 

iv. JULIA MARGARET ARABELLA. 

(8) ANNE CECILIA GORDON. 



38 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

5. ANNE PENELOPE, died 1868. 

6. HARRIET MARGARET, died 1865. 

7. MARY ANNE, married, May 6, 1824, Rev - William Swete, brother of the 

wives of her brothers Adam and Michael, and died 1859. 



MICHAEL FRANCIS GORDON, XV. OF ABERGELDIE. 

(Son of XIV. : died 1860.) 

He was born April 21, 1792, and married, at Kenton, Devonshire, on 
Aug. 31, 1820, Caroline, fifth daughter of Rev. John Swete of Oxton 
House, Devon. His brother Adam married her younger sister, while 
his sister Mary Anne married the latter's brother. The fifteenth laird 
died Dec. 31, 1860, and was succeeded by his brother, Admiral Gordon, 
for his sons predeceased him. He had : 

1. FRANCIS DAVID, born July 24, 1821. Was a law student at Edinburgh, 

1839-40. He was killed at Jhansi in 1857 during the Mutiny. 

2. JOHN HENRY, born Jan. 7, 1824 ; died April 20, 1848. 

3. MICHAEL LAWRENCE, born Sept. 3, 1833 ; died Oct. 27, 1850. 

4. WILLIAM HERBERT, born May 29, 1840; died Dec. 6, 1850. 

5. CAROLINE ANN, married, 1854, E. P. St Aubyn, Lt.-Col. Madras Army, 

and has issue. 

6. MARGARET, married Rev. F. Cardew and has issue. 

7. BERTHA, married at Gettisham, Devon, on October 4, 1855, Charles 

Gordon, a doctor at Pernambuco, Brazil, where she died Dec. 4, 1857. 
Dr. Gordon, who is the son of James Gordon, Ballater, was a bajan 
and magistrand at Marischal College, 1846-48. He took the M.D. 
of King's College, 1850. From Pernambuco he went to Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal, where he and his brother were living in Feb., 1900. 
He married again. He had two daughters by his first wife : 

(1) MARGARET ALICE, died at Algiers, March 23, 1883. 

(2) BERTHA, died at Bath, Jan., 1872. 

(3) CHARLES AUSTIN, the son by the second wife, was educated 

at Oxford and became a mining engineer. When the Boer 
War broke out in 1899 he joined the Imperial Light Horse, 
and was present at Elandslaagte, being afterwards be- 
sieged in Ladysmith. On Dec. 17, 1900, he was accidentally 
wounded at Johannesburg, and lost his left leg. 



(106) 



ABERGELDIE. 3Q 

ROBERT GORDON, XVI. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Brother of XV. : died 1869.) 

Robert Gordon was born Sept. 7, 1796. He entered the Navy, May 
24, 1810, as a second class volunteer on board H.M.S. Phcebe (44 guns). 
In this vessel subsequently to the reduction of the Isle of France he 
contributed (May 20, 1811), while cruising off Madagascar in company 
with H.M.S. Astrea, Galatea and Racehorse, to the capture, after a long 
and trying action with the French, of three 4o-gun frigates. The Phcebe 
had seven men killed and twenty-four wounded. On May 25, five days 
later, he was present at the surrender of the Nereide and of the settlement 
of Tamatave, and in the following summer he co-operated in the conquest 
of Java. Becoming a midshipman (Jan., 1813) on H.M.S. Centaur, he 
cruised in the North Sea and Channel, and was transferred (Jan., 1814) 
to H.M.S. Tonnant bearing the successive flags on the North American and 
Cork stations of Sir Alexander Cochrane and Sir Benjamin Hallowell, 
under the former of whom he took part in many operations against the 
Americans, and was present at the attack on New Orleans. On July, 
1816, he was transferred to H.M.S. Queen Charlotte, the flagship of Lord 
Exmouth, who invested him with the rank of Acting Lieutenant, thus 
enabling Gordon to share in that capacity in the bombardment of Algiers, 
Aug. 27, 1816. He subsequently served on H.M.S. Iphigenia (at Jamaica), 
Ontario and Confiance, Herald and Pearl (on the West India Station). This 
last vessel was put out of commission in Dec., 1834, and by 1849 he had 
not been employed again. He attained post rank 1857 (O'Byrne's 
Naval Biographical Dictionary}. He was sometime Deputy Master 
of the Corporation of Trinity House. He died s.p. Feb. 18, 1869, and 
was succeeded by his nephew. 

HUGH MACKAY GORDON, XVII. OF ABERGELDIE. 

(Nephew of XVI. : died 1901.) 

He was born on Sept. 24, 1826. Col. Munro, A.D.C. in Jersey to 
General Hugh Mackay Gordon, was his godfather. He was a retired 

(107) 



40 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Lieut.-Col. and Hon. Col. of the 2nd Volunteer battalion of The Queen's 
Own (Royal West Kent) Regiment. On May 19, 1859, he married Susan 
Amelia, elder daughter of the late Charles Hewit Sams of Lee, Kent, 
whose younger daughter married his brother, Colonel J. H. Gordon, 
D.S.O., C.B. He died at the Courtyard, Eltham, at 10.30 A.M. on 
March 19, 1901, leaving no issue. 

Mr. Gordon, who had a house and stayed during the summer months 
at Ballater, took a very great interest in the history of his family he 
communicated with the present writer on a point of genealogy only 
six days before his death. He had resided in Eltham over thirty years, 
and took the keenest interest in the affairs of his parish and its neighbour- 
hood. Indeed he was so closely connected with Eltham that the local 
paper, the Eltham Times, in a long obituary (March 22) made no mention 
of his having been laird of Abergeldie. The journal says : 

He was for twenty-five years a member of the Eltham Vestry, retaining his 
seat upon that body until its dissolution last year under the new London Local 
Government Act. It was an anomaly of the Local Government Act of 1894 tna t the 
formality of appointing a chairman at each meeting had to be respected. But Colonel 
Gordon, whenever present and it was seldom he missed an attendance was elected 
to the chair, and the kindness, courtesy and ability with which he presided over the 
deliberations of that sometimes turbulent body can only be properly appreciated by 
those who were privileged to sit under his presidency. Colonel Gordon was one of 
those who were strongly opposed to Eltham being included in the Woolwich Muni- 
cipal Borough. He felt that Eltham, having more in common with Lee than with 
Woolwich, which comprised the area administered by the Lee Board of Works, should 
be itself created a Municipal Borough. But when it came to be officially decided that 
Eltham must be annexed to Woolwich, Colonel Gordon threw his whole heart into 
securing for the parish such representation upon the Borough Council as should 
make the new alliance, so far as Eltham was concerned, a success. Those who 
attended the inquiry held by the Commission under the London Government Act for 
the purpose of hearing evidence prior to the final adjustment of the proportion of 
representatives for the three parishes comprising the Woolwich Borough were struck 
with the force and pertinacity with which he, in his capacity as representing the 
parish, argued in favour of Eltham's representation being increased. Had his health 
permitted, there js no doubt that Colonel Gordon wouhl have been Eltham's first 
Alderman upon he new Borough Council. 

For manyjears Colonel Gordon was a churchwarden of the Parish Church, an 
office from wh ; jft he retired in 1898. He was a trustee of all the Eltham charities, 
was treasure 6f the Eltham National Schools since 1876, and formerly twenty years 
treasurer of oe Eltham Cottage Hospital, until he resigned the appointments this 
( 1900-1901 N ,.Xnter in consequence of failing health. To mark their appreciation of 

(108) 



ABERGELDIE. 41 

Colonel Gordon's great services to the Cottage Hospital, of which he was one of the 
founders, and largely instrumental in establishing the new hospital, the subscribers 
at the annual meeting a fortnight ago gave directions for a resolution of thanks to 
be engrossed on vellum and presented to him ; and, anxious that he should not 
entirely sever himself from an institution which owed so much to his kindly interest, 
elected him president for the ensuing year. The managers of the Eltham National 
School, at their meeting on 6th March, when Colonel Gordon's resignation from the 
treasurership of the schools was before them, passed a resolution placing on record 
their great regret that he had found himself obliged to resign the office he had held 
for so many years. . . . Colonel Gordon was also, up to the time of his death, presi- 
dent of the Eltham Rose and Horticultural Society. 

But Colonel Gordon did not confine his services entirely to the parish in which 
he had made his home. He was a Justice of the Peace for the counties of London 
and Kent, and there was no more regular attendant than he upon the judicial bench 
at Clerkenwell ; he was also a familiar figure upon the magisterial bench at the 
Blackheath Petty Sessional Court. He was chairman and treasurer of the Green- 
wich Pier Company, a liveryman of the Goldsmith's Company, and a prominent and 
ardent freemason, as well as an honorary member of the Oddfellows. Colonel 
Gordon was a colonel of the West Kent Volunteers, from which he retired, with the 
long service medal, Upon attaining the age limit. He was one of the original volun- 
teers, joining the ranks of that useful arm of the Imperial forces when it was first 
established. All classes learned to love and respect him and the poor had no truer 
friend. 

His estate was valued at 68,746 i6s. yd. gross, and 67,669 
os. i id. net. He bequeathed 

To the executors 500 for accumulation until the lease of Abergeldie Castle to 
trustees for Queen Victoria shall expire, and then to apply this sum to put in order 
the roads on the Abergeldie estate, many of which in his opinion had not been kept 
in proper order ; and the trustees may also apply this fund in payment of the expenses 
of contesting the claim of the Duke of Fife to seats in the Parish Church of Crathie. 
He bequeathed also 2,000 in trust for accumulation until the expiration of the lease, 
and then, if it shall not be renewed, for the purchase of furniture for Abergeldie 
Castle and Abergeldie Mains or farmhouse, to devolve as heirlooms with Abergeldie, 
also the sword given to his great-uncle by the Westminster Light Horse Volunteers ; 
and the vase of Dresden China flowers brought over by Sir Charles Gordon as a 
present fol the Prince Regent. To his god-daughter, Arabella Sams, 500 ; to other 
children of Mr. J. S. Sams, 250 each ; to his brother James Henry, 500 ; to his 
nephew Cosmo Huntly Gordon, 1,500; to his sister Anna Cecilia, 2,000; to his 
sister-in-law Mrs. Francis Edith Gordon, 100 and cottages at Preston, Sussex ; to 
the children of his late brother Charles Vincent Gordon, other than Cosmo, 1,000; 
to the children of his brother James Henry, 1,000; to his brother Lewis Gordon, 
his wife, 1,000 ; and to the children of his brother Lewis, other than his eldest 
son, 1,000; to his cousin Margaret Cardew and her children, 200; and to 

(109) P 



42 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Margaret Mabel Lennox, daughter of his partner, 100 ; and to his wife 1,000, the 
furniture of his house at Eltham, and the income of a sum of 30,000, which, subject 
to her life interest, is to be in trust as to one-third for his brother James Henry 
and his children, as to one-third for his said sister Cecilia during her life, with power 
of appointment to her of 5,000, and as to the remainder of her share for his brother 
James Henry and his children ; and as to the remaining one-third for his nephew 
Cosmo Huntly Gordon for life, and subject to his life interest, as to 5,000 as he may 
appoint and as to the remainder of his share for the other children of the testator's 
brother Charles Vincent ; he devised the house which he had lately built at Ballater 
in trust for his wife during her life and subject to her life interest ; for his brother 
James Henry during his life and subject to his life interest for his nephew Cosmo 
Huntly ; and the effects at Ballater are to devolve as heirlooms therewith. Mr. 
Gordon left his residuary estate to his wife. 



LEWIS GORDON, XVIII. OF ABERGELDIE. 
(Brother of XVII.) 

The present laird was born on Jan. 23, 1828. He married, July 17, 
1862, Louisa Isabella, 4th daughter of William Lyall, and has 

1. REGINALD HUGH LYALL, born July 14, 1863. He is married and has 

one daughter, Gertrude Alice Margaret. 

2. BERTRAM FULLER, born March 10, 1868 ; married Florence, 2nd daughter 

of Charles Lorking Rose ; no issue. He is in business. 

3. LEWIS MALCOLM, born May 13, 1873. He is 2nd officer in the P. and O. 

Company, and a sub-lieut. in the R.N.R. 

4. KENNETH FRANCIS, born Feb. 2, 1877. He is curator bonis of his father. 

5. WILLIAM MAURICE, born 1880. He is in business. He is serving (Nov., 

1901) with a section of the London Scottish Volunteers who are 
attached to the Gordons in South Africa. I am indebted for this 
information about his brothers and sister to Mr. Kenneth Francis 
Gordon. 

6. EMILY FLAXMAN, 



ABERGELDIE. 43 



OTHER GORDONS IN THE ABERGELDIE. COUNTRY. 

Several Gordons in the district of Abergeldie are difficult to 
connect. Some of these may be connected with the Gordons of Knock 
or the house of Braichley. I simply print my notes on them for the 
use of other investigators. 

Abergeldie. Maidment in his Catalogues of Scotish Writers (p. 120) prints a 
manuscript (in Wodrow's hand) which states that " Mr. Alexander Gordon, a mer- 
chant in Aberdeen of the House of Abergeldie, wrote very many poems in th& 
Scottish tongue which were very elegant and learned, for all his letters he wrote 
to his wife were poeticall ". 

Jervise (Epitaphs, II., 164) says that a daughter of Abergeldie married a medical 
officer in India named Gordon, the son of a notorious poacher " Jamie " Gordon. 

Mary (?) Gordon married Nathaniel (?) Morren. Mrs. Harper, Aberdeen, tells the 
present writer that her ancestor Nathaniel (?) Morren married a Mary (?) Gordon of the 
Abergeldie family about 150 years ago. "This Morren returned from France or Belgium 
with one of the Gordons as secretary, valet, barber surgeon or in some other more or 
less menial capacity. He fell in love with one of the daughters, Mary Gordon. The 
family opposed the marriage, and the pair went off. together, but were shortly after 
forgiven and received back to Abergeldie. A farm was bought for them, and they 
settled somewhere near Rayne (Barflet may have been the name). My grandmother, 
Harriet Morren, was the grand-daughter of this pair, and the Gordon Christian 
names remained in his family George, Hugh, etc." I cannot trace this alliance. 

Aucholzie. The estate of Aucholzie, pronounced " Achwillie," is dealt with at 
length in Michie's Records of Invercauld (pp. 26-37), Aucholzie. The estate was long 
held by a family named Stewart, and on July 9, 1714, we have the marriage contract 
registered between Anna, daughter of Robert Garden of Corse, and Alexander, son 
of William Stewart of Aucholzie (Records of Invercauld, p. 28). The Earl of Aboyne 
ultimately became proprietor of the lands in consequence of the debts due to him by 
James Stewart. The lands passed in 1766 to the Farquharsons of Invercauld, 
and were finally sold to Sir James Mackenzie of Glenmuick. A family of Gordons 
occupied Aucholzie from about 1750 to 1875 (with the exception of the years 1815-17 
when it was let). In 1875, when Aucholzie was sold to Mackenzie, the grazing was 
turned into a deer forest. The founder of the family, so far as I have been able to 
discover, was 

(m) 



44 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

DONALD, who went to Aucholzie, about 1750, from Bridge of Lee, Glenesk. 
According to Mr. John Gordon, Cullisse, Nigg, he married Small, 
Altonree, Glenmuick. Her sister Euphemia married Peter Gordon, 
in Ardmeanach, Glenmuick, who is now represented by Mr. D. Stewart 
Ramsay Gordon, Edinburgh. According to another account Donald 
Gordon married (possibly as his second wife) Elspet Taggart, a 
widow (she is described on the stone in Glenmuick Churchyard ,as 
Elspet Donald, probably her maiden name). She and her husband 
died in 1810, aged 80 (Jervise's Epitaphs, and information from Mr. 
William Gordon, Auchallater). Donald Gordon had 

i. JAMES, born 1757 ; married (i) about 1786 Ann Leys (died 
1791), and (2) Ann Gordon (died 1827). James had 

(1) WILLIAM (by the first marriage), born 1788, died 

1875. He married (1833) Helen Fletcher, and 
had 

i. JAMES, died young, 
ii. WILLIAM, went in 1870 to Auchallater, 

where he still resides, 
iii. JOHN, died young, 
iv. ANNIE, married John Watson, and has 

a son and two daughters, 
v. MARGET, married her cousin, James A. 
Gordon, Arabella, and died 1900. 

(2) DONALD (by first marriage, died young). 

(3) ALEXANDER (by second marriage), born Feb. 8, 

1794. He married and had issue : now all dead. 

(4) SAMUEL (by second marriage), born March 24, 1798. 

He went to Ross-shire in 1854. He married 

Helen Hunter of Polmood,Forfarshire,and had 

i. JAMES A. GORDON, of Arabella, Nigg, 

Ross-shire. He married his cousin, 

Marget Gordon (died 1900), and has 

four daughters, Annie, Elizabeth, 

Meta and Ada. (Information from 

Dr. J. Scott Riddell.) 

ii. JOHN, at Cullisse. He married Jane 
Forbes Paterson. He has 
(i.) ALEXANDER PATERSON. 
(ii.) SAMUEL HUNTER. 
(iii.) ANNIE HUNTER. 
(iv.) JANE GRINDLEY, married to 
Dr. John Scott Riddell, 
surgeon, Aberdeen. 

(5) JANE, born Feb. 9, 1804. 

(112) 



ABERGELDIE. 45 

Ardmeanach. I am indebted to Mr. D. Stewart Ramsay Gordon, Edinburgh, 
for some details of this family. A John Gordon was tenant in Ardmeanach, Glen- 
muick, in 1696 (Poll Book}. He may have been the father, or grandfather, of 

i. JOHN GORDON, born at Ardmeanach about 1720. Mr. D. S. R. Gordon 
says that tradition assigns the origin of the Ardmeanach Gordons to 
the family of Knock, and an old aunt of his, Margaret Stewart, "said 
her mother prided herself on belonging to the Gordons of Braichlie ". 
Mr. Gordon also tells me that his family claims kin with some Gordons 
in Lethnot, Forfarshire. To return to John, born about 1720, he 
married in 1752 - Watt, and had 

(1) PETER, married Euphemia Small, Altonree, Glenmuick, whose 

sister married Donald Gordon, Aucholzie. As a marriage 
present Peter got a punch bowl from the laird of Abergeldie. 
It is now in the possession of Mr. D. S. R. Gordon. 
Euphemia Small lived to be nearly a hundred years of 
age. Peter had 

i. SAMUEL (the youngest of the family), born at Upper 
Aucholzie, July, 1797. He married in 1832 
Mary Ramsay, of Newbigging, Forfarshire (de- 
scended from William Forbes VI. of Newe). 
He went to Bellamore in 1805, and died there 
at the age of 88. He owned Woodside, near 
Brechin. He had 

(i.) D. STEWART RAMSAY, born at Wood- 
side in 1845. He married Mary 
Glegg, and has a son 

a. REGINALD GLEGG, born at 
Valparaiso, Chili, Sept. 
26, 1878. 

(2) SAMUEL, tenant of Tombreck, died Dec., 1798, aged 48 

(Jervise's Epitaphs). He had a daughter 

i. JANE, who died at Newton of Tullich, May 9, 1874, 
aged 103 (Jervise's Epitaphs). 

Balmoral. The first reference I can find to Balmoral occurs in the Exchequer 
Rolls of Scotland under 1539, when Alexander Gordon and John Gordon appear as 
tenants of Balmoral, while John Reid Gordon was a tenant of Crathienaird. There 
was a James Gordon of Balmoral in 1633 when the Book of Annualrentaris (Spalding 
Club Miscellany, Vol. III.) was compiled. He owed money to Alexander Keith, por- 
tioner of Duffus, and to George Irvine of Dorvattie (Dornasillie ?). In 1629 the King 
granted Patrick Gray of Invergowrie and his heirs and assignees the lands of Hayis- 
toun and Scrogiefield in Forfar which James Gordon of Balmoral resigned (Great Seal). 
I suggest that this James who is described as " of Balmorall," valued at 88, in 

("3) 



46 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1635 (Michie's Records of Invercauld, p. 463) is the James of Easton (son of the 4th 
laird of Abergeldie) the husband of Marion Scrimgeour, who apparently was a 
relative of Sir James Scrimgeour of Dudhop, Constable of Dundee. In 1696 Charles 
Farquharson was laird of " Balmurell " (Poll Book). He was the second son of 
William Farquharson of Inverey, by his second wife, Anne Gordon, " daughter of 
Abergeldie," who brought the estate of Balmoral to the Farquharsons. They held 
it until it was bought by Earl Fife, from whom it passed, after a tenancy by Sir 
Robert Gordon, brother of the (premier) Earl of Aberdeen, to Prince Albert. 

The Aberdeen Inventories in the Register House contain the will of John 
Gordon in Balmoral, who died 1750. He declared in his will that he " cannot write ". 
The will is dated Oct. 9, 1750, and the executor is James Gordon in Balmoral, the 
testator's eldest son. He left 10 merks Scots for the poor of Crathie. There 
was owing to him 600 merks contained in a bond dated Nov. 22, 1714, granted by 
him to the now deceased James Farquharson of Balmoral. The will was confirmed 
Feb. 4, 1767, James Gordon in Belnacroft being cautioner (bond signed at Abergeldie, 
Jan. 26, and witnessed by Charles Gordon of Abergeldie). John Gordon married 
Margaret M'Donald and had 

1. JAMES, "eldest son". Executor of his father's will, 1767. He was left 

the " equal half of the croft " (of the tack held by his father) for the 
year 1751 ; and the other half to be divided between his wife Margaret 
M'Donald and his second lawful son, 

2. DONALD. 

3. JEAN, "my youngest daughter," spouse to Robert Mitchell "presently" 

(1750) in Balmoral got 50 Scots under her father's will. 

Crathie. Thomas Gordon, Crathie, had a son James who was at Marischal 
College, 1767-71 (Anderson's Fasti Academiae Mariscallanae}. 

Littlemill (Crathie). A broken headstone in Glenmuick Churchyard refers to 
Alexander Gordon of Littlemill, and his wife Bessie Smith who came from Birse. 
I have an interesting letter from Mr. J. Leask, Bombay, bearing on this descent. 
Alexander Gordon died in 1809, aged 82, and his wife in 1800, aged 59. They had 
a son 

i. GEORGE, who died at Leith, 1834, aged 64. Like his forbears for genera- 
tions he was a farmer at Littlemill. He married Betty Gauld (died 
at Littlemill, 1866, aged 80). Betty Gauld was the daughter of a 
farmer at Migvie who had married Mary Moir. Her brother Donald 
had a daughter who married John Skeen of Tarland and had, among 
others, Surgeon William Skeen (three of whose sons are doctors) 
and Surgeon Andrew Skeen, whose widow married in 1887 Sir Henry 
Thoby Prinsep, High Court Judge at Calcutta. George Gordon and 
Betty Gauld had a large family. Among these : 
(i) GEORGE, died at sea. 
(a) JOHN, engineer, London. 

("4) 



ABERGELDIE. 47 

(3) WILLIAM, began life as a planter in Ceylon, and then 

farmed at Littlemill. He died in 1897. His 
Daughter married Mr. J. Leask, Bombay. 

(4) DUNCAN, died in Ceylon. 

(5) JAMES, died in Ceylon. 

(6) MARY (Mrs. Lancaster, London). 

(7) AGNES, married Simpson, Aberchirder, and is dead. 
John Gordon, weaver, the brother of Alexander Gordon, who married Bessie 

Smith, was the father of 

1. GEORGE, - 

2. ALEXANDER, ) brewers > Caledonian Road, London. 

3- J OHN 

4. JAMES, 

5. DOUGLAS. 



j- mechanical engineers, London. 



LIEUTENANT-GENERAL HUGH MACKAY GORDON. 

There was a lieutenant-general in our army at the beginning of the 
century who bore the same name as the I7th laird of Abergeldie, 
and yet, though he is said to have been " in some way " connected 
with that family, the precise relationship is difficult to trace. 

His father, according to information sent me by the late laird of 
Abergeldie, was an Alexander Gordon of Boston (Mass.), a merchant. 
His mother was Miss Jean Mackay, " who was said to have been born 
at Inverness about 1718, and who was a grand-daughter of Captain 
Hugh Mackay of Scoury, Sutherlandshire. She died in Edinburgh," 
on June 29, 1789 (according to the Scots Magazine), when she was a 
widow. Mr. George H. Gordon of Somerville, Mass., tells me, how- 
ever, that Gordon was named after Dr. Hugh Mackay, a Scots resident 
in Boston, who was a friend of his father. He was the fourth son. 
His eldest brother, George, was baptised in Boston, Aug. 6, 1755 ; 
Alexander, the second, on Aug. 21, 1757, and a sister Anabella on 

("5) 



48 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

April 27, 1758. Mr. G. H. Gordon also notes that Hugh M. Gordon, 
who was baptised in King's Chapel, Boston, on Sept. 5, 1760, was a 
pupil at the Boston Latin School 1766-7, at which he had as a school- 
mate Sir David Ochterlony, a general in the East India Service. 
Mr. B. F. Stevens, in his Campaign in Virginia, and Cannon, in the 
Historical Record of the i6th Regiment, give these particulars about 
him : 

He served as a volunteer under Sir William Howe in America, 1775-6; was 
ensign in the 715! Regiment, 1777 ; lieutenant in the i6th Regiment, 1778 ; and sailed 
from New York for the West Indies, joining his regiment at Pensacola in January, 1779. 
He stayed there until 1780, when he was sent to solicit reinforcements from the 
Commander-in-Chief, returning to Pensacola in 1781. He was taken prisoner while 
A.D.C. to Major Campbell. He got his company in 1788, and went to the East 
Indies in the following year. He was present at the capture of the Cape of Good 
Hope in 1795. He became brevet major in 1796. He was Quartermaster-General 
in Bengal, 1797. He became brevet lieut.-col. in 1798; and major in 1799. He re- 
turned to England in 1801. He was military secretary to the Commander-in-Chief 
in Ireland in 1805, and Lieutenant-Governor in Guernsey in 1816, in which year he 
was colonel of the i6th Foot. He was a lieut.-gen. in 1821. 

He also commanded the British forces in Madeira for a time. 
The I7th laird of Abergeldie possessed two most interesting views of 
the town of Funchal dedicated to the general and drawn by one of his 
A.D.C.'s, a Portuguese officer. He also had a large mass of his letters 
and papers at Eltham, and a portrait of him by Opie. General Gordon 
died in Dean Street, Mayfair, on March 12, 1823, and was buried in a 
vault under St. James's Church, Piccadilly. 



(116) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



COCLARACHIR 



THE REVEREND STEPHEN REE, B.D. 



NEW SPALDING CLUB. 

Q 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

A GENEALOGICAL deduction of the Gordons of Coclarachie is 
given in the Balbithan MS. (pp. 51-3), and it is singularly 
accurate as far as it goes. This deduction is reproduced, with 
additions, in Temple's Thanage of Fermartyn (pp. 276-9). The 
early members are briefly noticed in Lord Huntly's Records of 
Aboyne (pp. 168, 210). The present accounts are drawn up 
according to the scheme of the general editor, Mr. J. M. Bulloch. 

Mr. W. F. D. Steuart of Auchlunkart has kindly granted 
me free access to his charter chest, and also permission to publish 
the documents that form the Appendix. For the families of 
Auchintoul and Ardmeallie I have had the use of all the notes 
that Mr. Bulloch had collected regarding them, and have also 
received much aid from Dr. Cramond, Cullen. Assistance has 
also been readily given in various ways by Rev. James J. Calder, 
Clerk of Strathbogie Presbytery ; Mr. J. G. Fleming, Solicitor, 
Keith ; Mr. R. B. Gordon, Procurator Fiscal, Elgin ; Mr. Muir- 
head, Commissioner for the Duke of Richmond and Gordon, 
Fochabers ; Sir J. Balfour Paul, Lyon King of Arms ; and 
Captain Wimberley, Inverness. 

S. R. 

BoHARM, February, I0O2, 



THE LAIRDS OF COCLARACHIE. 



JOHN GORDON of Scurdargue. 

WILLIAM of Tullitermont. 

I 
PATRICK of Fulzemont, 

GEORGE, I. of Coclarachie. 



GEORGE, II. 
I 




I 
GEORGE, III. 
I 




GEORGE. 

i 




1 
GEORGE, IV. =;= 


HN 

larachie. 




ill Jo 
GEORGE ALEXANDER JAMES V. of Coc 
l.ofAuchintoul. II. of Auchintoul. of Ardmeallie. 


JAN 
VI. of Cot 


[ES 

Jarachte. 


1 1 1 
ADAM. JOHN. HARRIET. 
Died 1779. Died young. = Andrew Steuart 
of Auchlunkart. 


\ 
CHRISTIAN. 
Col. James 
Abercrombie 
of Glassaugh. 



PATRICK STEUART. 

I 
ANDREW STEUART. 

I 
WILLIAM F. D. STEUART. 



(120) 



COCLARACHIE. 

The lands of Coclarachie lie in the parish of Drumblade, Aberdeen- 
shire. 

On December 6, 1425, Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar and 
Garioch, granted the half of the lands of Culclarochy and the sixth part 
of the lands of Gerry to Alexander Seton, Lord Gordon (Antiq. Aberd. 
and Banff, iii., 517-8). These lands were apparently given to found the 
chaplaincy of St. Mary of Coclarachie, for on March 20, 1557, Mr. 
David Carnegy, rector of Kinnoul, and possessor of the chaplaincy, 
feued the lands to Mr. Thomas Ker (Ibid.}. On December 9, 1564, 
Thomas Ker of Coclarachie granted a letter of reversion of the lands 
of Begeshill in favour of William Leslie of Balquhain, and renewed it 
in November, 1566 (Leslie's Family of Leslie, iii., 44-5). Afterwards 
this half came into the possession of the Marquis of Huntly, and in 
1617 was acquired by George Gordon. 

The other half of Coclarachie was held in 1504 by Alexander 
Winton of Andat, in the parish of Tarves, for in a Head Court held at 
Aberdeen on January 9 of that year the Laird of Andat was found in 
default for his lands of Coclarachie (Coll. Aberd. and Banff, pp. 111-3). 
This half passed to his two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. 

Elizabeth Winton was the second wife of George Gordon of Milton 
of Noth, and her only child, Jonet Gordon, succeeded to a fourth part 
of Coclarachie. Jonet Gordon married Patrick Forbes of Kinmuck, in 
the parish of Keithhall, and her son, Alexander Forbes, in 1560 sold his 
fourth part to his mother's half-brother, George Gordon of Blairdinnie. 

Margaret Winton received sasine on a fourth part of Coclarachie in 
1518 (Exchequer Rolls, xiv., 606). She married William Leslie, eldest 
son of George Leslie of Aikenway in the parish of Rothes, Morayshire, 
and grandson of George, first Earl of Rothes; and her son, George 

(121) 



6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Leslie, was served heir to her in a fourth part of Coclarachie on October 
i, 1549 (Retours). On July 15, 1557, George Leslie obtained from the 
Marquis of Huntly the lands of Tocher in the parish of Rayne, Aberdeen- 
shire, in exchange for his fourth part of Coclarachie (Reg. Mag. Sig., 
December 12, 1557). This fourth part was acquired by George Gordon 
in 1587. 

Coclarachie remained in possession of this family till 1767. The 
arms borne by Gordon of Coclarachie, not recorded, appear to have 
been : Azure, three boars' heads erased within a bordure or. 



GEORGE GORDON, I. OF COCLARACHIE. 
(Died before 1534.) 

George Gordon, of Milton of Noth in the parish of Rhynie, also 
designed " of Coclarachie" in right of his second wife, was a son of Patrick 
Gordon of Fulzemont. According to the Balbithan MS. (p. 51) he 
was the fifth son, but according to Lord Huntly's Records of Aboyne 
(p. 210) he was the fourth son. 

"George Gordoun of Coclaraquhy" is one of the sureties nominated 
in a contract, dated at Elgin, November 9, 1527, between Elizabeth, 
Countess of Sutherland and her husband, Adam, Earl of Sutherland on 
one part and their son and apparent heir, Alexander, Master of Suther- 
land, on the other part ; but he is not among the sureties who took oath, 
on November 17 following, in accordance with the contract (Orig. 
Paroch. Scot., ii., 664-5). This absence may point to his death at that 
time : he was dead before May 18, 1534, when his daughter had sasine 
on Coclarachie. 

George Gordon of Milton of Noth married (i) a daughter of 
Oliphant of Berridale, widow of Calder of Asloun, and by her had (Rec. 
of Aboyne, p. 210) : 

1. GEORGE, afterwards of Coclarachie. 

2. JAMES. 

3. BESSIE. Probably this is the Bessie Gordon who married Laurence 

Leith of Kirkton of Rayne, from whom descend Leith-Hay of Leith- 
hall (Burke's Landed Gentry Leith-Hay). 

(122) 



COCLARACHIE. 7 

He married (2) about 1512 Elizabeth Winton, daughter of Alex- 
ander Winton of Andat, who was heiress of a fourth part of Coclarachie, 
and who died in 1526. The only child of this marriage was 

4. JONET, who as heir to her mother got sasine on a fourth part of Coclarachie, 
May 18, 1534 (Appendix I.). She married Patrick Forbes of Kinmuck 
(brother of Mr. Duncan Forbes of Monymusk), who appears, as 
portioner of Coclarachie, on a jury of appretiators of Middle Pitfodels, 
June 6, 1539 (Reg. Mag. Sig., iii., 2133). On June 23, 1554, Alexander 
Forbes was served heir to Jonet Gordon, portioner of Coclarachie, in 
a fourth part of Coclarachie, etc. (Retours). By a charter, dated at 
Aberdeen, November 15, 1550, and confirmed under the Great Seal, 
December i, 1554, Alexander Forbes son and heir of the late Patrick 
Forbes of Kynmukkis (with consent of Mr. Robert Lumisden, his 
curator) sold his fourth part of Coclarachie to his paternal uncle, Mr. 
Duncan Forbes of Monymusk, with reservation of his liferent of the 
same. This sale must either have been a formality during his 
minority, or have been afterwards cancelled, for on February 10, 1560, 
Alexander Forbes sold the lands to George Gordon of Blairdinnie. 



GEORGE GORDON, II. OF COCLARACHIE. 
(Son of I.: executed 1562.) 

George Gordon of Blairdinnie, in the parish of Clatt, was the 
eldest son of George Gordon of Milton of Noth and Coclarachie. By 
a charter, dated at Aberdeen, November 16, 1556, and confirmed under 
the Great Seal, August 13, 1586, William, Bishop of Aberdeen, feued to 
George Gordoun of Blairdynnie, " the hauch of Bogy " in the parish of 
Clatt. On February 7, 1560, George Gordon bought the fourth part 
of Coclarachie that belonged to Alexander Forbes, the son of his half- 
sister, and he got sasine thereon on February 10 following, being 
described in the instrument of sasine (Appendix II.) as " Georgius 
Gordoun hereditarius de Blairendenny ". He was taken prisoner at 
the battle of Corrichie in October, and was executed at Aberdeen on 
November 2, 1562, at the same time as Sir John Gordon, second son of 
the Marquis of Huntly (Balbithan MS., p. 52 ; Macfarlane's Genealogical 
Collections, i., 237). 

He married a daughter of John Gordon of Tilphoudie, who was 

(123) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



second son of Adam Gordon of Aboyne and his wife Elizabeth, Countess 
of Sutherland, and by her had : 

1. GEORGE, his successor (Rec. of Aboyne, pp. 42, 210). 

2. BESSIE (Temple's Fermartyn, p. 277). 



GEORGE GORDON, III. OF COCLARACHIE. 
(Son of II. : died 1633.) 

George Gordon, III. of Coclarachie, was a minor at the time of his 
father's forfeiture and execution, but was included in the remission for 
Corrichie, granted February 26, 1567 (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 155). 
On November 20, 1587, he bought from the Earl of Huntly a fourth 
part of Coclarachie (Appendix III.). Having joined the Earl of Huntly 
and having been present at the Battle of Glenlivet in October, 1594, he 
was again forfeited, and did not obtain remission till April 2, 1603 
(Spald. Club Misc., iv., 159). On March 16, 1615, he obtained con- 
firmation under the Great Seal of the charter of February 7, 1560, by 
which his father had acquired from Alexander Forbes a fourth part of 
Coclarachie, it being explained that the delay in obtaining confirmation 
had been caused by his father's death soon after the purchase and his 
own minority at the time of his father's death. Having resigned the 
fourth part purchased in 1587, he received from the Marquis of Huntly 
on May 21, 1617, a charter on the three fourth parts of Coclarachie, 
redeemable on payment of 6,000 merks (Appendix IV.). He thus obtained 
the whole of Coclarachie, which remained in possession of his descend- 
ants till 1767. This laird also acquired other lands in Aberdeenshire. 

1582. He is said in Records of Aboyne, p. 168, to have been made a burgess of 
Aberdeen in May, 1582, along with other followers of Huntly. This is probably 
founded on the extract in Spald. Club Misc., v. 52-3, where the entry " Ge. Gordoun 
of Clockrachy " occurs, but in New Spald. Club Misc., i., 77, the entry is given as 
"Go. Gordoun of Clochrathn". 

1590. August 8. He found James Gordoun of Knokespik cautioner for him that 
James and George Leslies in Tailyeauch shall be harmless of him (Privy Council 
Register). 

1591. July 23. Bond of caution of date July 17, for 1,000, by him for John 
Lumsden of Cuscheny that he will not harm James Robertson in Westir Lochell. 
John Lumsden of Cuscheny grants a bond of same date and for same amount for 

(124) 



COCLARACHIE. 9 

William Strachan of Glenkindie that he will not harm the same James Robertson 
(Ibid.). 

November n. He was witness of a notarial instrument executed at Lesmoir 
(Rec. of A boy ne, p. 170). 

1593. March 3. He was surety in 1,000 marks for John Gordoun of Auchan- 
nachie that he should do nothing in hurt of his Majesty's government nor take part 
with George, Earl of Huntly, etc. (Privy Council Register). 

1594. June 12. He was charged to appear before the King and Council to 
answer concerning " persute and invasioun of his Majesties declairit tratouris, re- 
bellious and unnaturall subjectis, treasonable practizaris and conspiratouris aganis 
the trew religioun presentlie professit within this realme, his Majesties persone and 
estate and libertie of this countrey". Failing to appear on July n, he was then 
denounced rebel (Ibid.). 

1600. He was tenant of Huntly's lands of Learge in Cabrach (Spald. Club Misc., 
iv., 281). 

1602. He and Bessie Duncan, his spouse, had sasine on the third part of lands 
of Corbanchrie, Overtouris, Cokstoun, Jempsone, Duncanstown and New Merdrum, 
Balnakellie, etc. (Records of Aboyne, p. 168). On ijth May there is sasine on the 
half lands of Merdrum and Balnakellie in favour of him and Bessie Duncan, his 
spouse, in liferent, and to Alexander and George Gordon, their sons, heritably (Ibid., 
p. 168). 

1603. By a charter dated at Huntlie, May 23, 1603, and confirmed under the 
Great Seal, January 12, 1604, George, Marquis of Huntly, sold to him Birkinhill, 
Fidlerseat, Bordelseat, and Kirkhill in the parish of Gartly, redeemable on payment 
of 6,000 merks. 

1607. He and George Gordoun, his son and heir apparent, were witnesses to 
a charter, dated at Grantulie and Buckie, April 28 and May 13, 1607, and con- 
firmed under the Great Seal, July 4, 1608, by which Alexander Gordoun of Baldornie, 
George Gordoun, his elder son and heir apparent, and John Gordoun of Buckie for 
his interest, sold to Abraham Forbes of Blackton the lands of Waster Foullis, Craig- 
mylne and Eister Lochill in the lordship of Monymusk. 

To him was directed the precept of sasine in the charter, dated at Aberdeen, 
May 27, 1607, and confirmed under the Great Seal, February 14, 1609, by which 
Arthur, Lord Forbes feued to Robert (Forbes), commendator of Monymusk, the 
lands of Tilliryauche and Tullauchvayneis in the barony of Cluny. 

He was a witness of mutual bonds of caution, dated at Aberdeen, December n, 
1607, by Robert (Forbes), commendator of Monymusk, and Abraham Forbes of Black- 
toun that they would not harm Alexander Irving of Drum (Privy Council Register, 
viii., 636-7). 

1608. December 10. He got sasine on Tailzeoche (Sasines). 

1612. By a charter dated at Aberdeen, June 4, and confirmed under the Great 
Seal, July 28, Francis, Earl of Errol sold to him the town and lands of Bomatuithill, 
the shady half of the Maynis of Slaynis, the town and lands of Auchmabo, the town 

(125) R 



io HOUSE OF GORDON. 

and lands of Brogane, with the mill of Brogane in the parish of Slains. George 
Gordoun, apparent of Coclerauchie, was one of the witnesses. 

July 28. He was one of those to whom a commission was granted to apprehend 
and try according to law certain persons of the names of Gordon and Grant in Upper 
Banffshire, "brokin men, committing oppin reiffis, privie stouthis, slauchteris, mutila- 
tionis, soirningis and utheris insolencyis " upon the good subjects in the adjacent 
parts (Privy Council Register}. 

1617. "George Gordone of Blerindinie and Talzeauche " was one of the feuars 
of the Bishopric of Aberdeen within the parish of Clatt (Munro's Old Aberdeen, i., 57). 

1619. May 13. He and his sons, Alexander and Mr. William, gave their con- 
sent to the sale, by James Ogilvy of Auchleuchries and Marjorie Gordoun, his spouse, 
of Waster Auchleuchries (Gen. Pat. Gordon's Diary, p. 205). 

1629. May 17. With consent of his sons, Alexander Gordon of Merdrum and 
Mr. William Gordon, doctor of medicine, he made provision for his grandson, George 
Gordon, in view of his marriage with Grissell Seton, daughter of Alexander Seton of 
Pitmedden (Appendix VI.). 

George Gordon, III. of Coclarachie, married Bessie, daughter of 
James Duncan of Merdrum. Bessie Duncan survived her husband. 
In a court held at Aberdeen, February 20, 1634, by William Cordoner, 
sheriff-depute, " Bessie Duncan, relict of umquhill George Gordone of 
Coclarachie, declarit be Doctor Williame Gordoun, doctor of medicine, 
her sone, that shoe hes hir lyfrent of the third pairt landis of Coclar- 
achie, wedset of the Merques of Huntlie for the soume of 6,000 merkis. 
Quhairof thair is to be defaisit that the said Bessie is restand to Mar- 
jorie Duncan, hir sister, the yeirlie annuelrent of 2,000 merkis, with the 
quhilk yeirlie annuelrent the wodsett is granted and no uther wayes ; 
and that shoe is restand to Alexander, Mr. Hew and Williame Gordones, 
hir children, Mr. Robert Bisset of Lesindrum, George Gordoun of 
Raynie, and Williame Seatoun of Hadow, equallie amongs them, 600 
merkis ; to George Gordoun of Coclarachie, 500 merkis " (Spald. Club 
Misc., iii., 123). In 1636 " the guidwyff of Coclarachie " was residing 
in Old Aberdeen (Munro's Old Aberdeen, i., 354) ; and probably the 
charter of liferent to Grissell Seton on December 15, 1643 (Appendix VII.), 
was granted shortly after Bessie Duncan's death. This laird had four 
sons and four daughters. 

i. GEORGE, the eldest son, died before his father. He is mentioned in 
notices of his father, 1602, 1607, 1612; and was dead before June 18, 
1618, when his widow was wife of John Gordon, younger of Craig 

(126) 



COCLARACHIE. II 

(Reg. Mag. Sig.}. He married Jean, daughter of James Gordon of 
Lesmoir, and by her had : 

(1) GEORGS, IV. of Coclarachie. 

(2) JAMES (Balb. MS., p. 52) ; or ALEXANDER (Wimberley's 

Gordons of Lesmoir (1893), p. 109, from Prony MS. ; also 
Theodore Gordon's MS.). 

2. ALEXANDER, of Merdrum. On May 17, 1602, he got sasine on the half lands 
of Merdrum and Balnakellie. See notices of his father, 1602, 1619, 
1629. On December 18, 1634, he was one of those who were ordered 
to be summoned as witnesses regarding the disorders that had arisen 
in the north since the burning of the house of Frendraught (Spalding's 
Trubles, i., 423). On February 22, 1637, he gave evidence regarding 
certain accusations made by George Gordon of Rhynie against Mr. 
Henry Ross, minister of Rhynie. On October 20, 1638, he was chosen 
by the Presbytery of Strathbogie ruling elder to the General Assembly, 
and the same presbytery, on April 24, 1644, chose " for Rhynie and 
Essie, Alexander Gordon of Merdrum " as one of a " list of able men 
from euerie parochin for to be insert in a commission for sorcereris and 
charmeris". On July 26, 1646, he was one of those who were ap- 
pointed to "estimat and appreciat " the manse of Rhynie. He was 
one of the elders of Rhynie who were present at a presbyterial visita- 
tion of that parish on August 13, 1651 (Presbytery Book of Strathbogie, 
pp. 13, 19, 53, 67, 207). He married and had, at least, one son and 
two daughters : 

(i) JAMES, of Merdrum. James Gordon, younger of Merdrum, 
appeared before the Presbytery of Strathbogie on February 
23, 1648, and confessed his accession to the late rebellion, 
and was ordained to "satisfy" in his parish church; but 
on May 17 the minister of Rhynie reported that "James 
Gordon of Merdrum had fled the boundis for the tyme ". 
In 1651 the presbytery summoned before them all delin- 
quents who had not then obeyed their injunctions, and on 
October 29 " compeired James Gordon in Merdrum . . . and 
being humbled in sackcloathe was accused of quadrilaps 
in fornicatioune, deserting his repentance, contempt of the 
Session of Rynie, drunkenness, relapsing into rebellion 
with James Grahame, and the setting lightly of his father 
and his admonitiounes. Confessed all ... was ordained 
to satisfie the discipline of Rynie in sackcloath thrie 
quarters of a yeare, for purgeing away the long continued 
scandell of his former ill spent life in maner abouewritten 
. . . promised obedience therunto in euerie thing according 
to his abilitie" (Ibid., pp. 85, 89, 213). He had sasine on 

(127) 



12 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Merdrum in 1654 (Sasines). He married and had three 
daughters, Margaret, Jean, and Marie, who had sasine on 
New Merdrum in January, 1669 (Cadenhead's Family of 
Cadenhead, p. 36). 

(2) BARBARA, who married (i) Orem, and (2) on December 

24, 1663, William Lunan in Dallob, son of the Rev. 
Alexander Lunan, minister first of Monymusk and after- 
wards of Kintore. By her second husband she had a son, 
William, and a daughter, Anna, both of whom married and 
had issue (Ibid., pp. 32-6). 

(3) ELSPET, who married William Gordon of Sockach (Balb. MS., 

P- 45). 

3. HEW. He was witness of a bond of caution dated at Straloch July 16, 

1621 (Privy Council Reg., July 25, 1621). By a charter, March 9, 1633, 
James Ogilvy of Auchleuchries, proprietor of the lands afternamed, 
and Hew Gordon, lawful son to George Gordon of Coclarachie, with 
consent of Marjorie Gordon, spouse of the said James Ogilvy, granted 
certain parts of Auchleuchries to Marie Ogilvy, daughter of said 
James Ogilvy, and future spouse of John Gordon, third son of the 
deceased Patrick Gordon of Nethermuir, and to their heirs. By 
a charter, August 19, 1633, Sir Alexander Hay of Delgatie, immediate 
superior of the lands afternamed, granted to Hew Gordon, lawful 
son to the deceased George Gordon of Coclarachie, the lands of 
Easter and Wester Auchleuchries (Gen. Pat. Gordon's Diary, p. 207). 
[March, 1645] "as Montross is in Angouss, the Viscount of Fren- 
dracht, the Lord Eraser, the Maister of Forbes, thair freindis and 
folloueris leaves thair houssis and cumis to the feildis, and beginis to 
oppress whome they culd overtak. And first thay mell vpone the 
hie way with Hew Gordoun, sone to George Gordoun of Coklarachie " 
(Spalding's Trubles, ii., 462). 

4. WILLIAM, A.M., doctor of medicine. See notices of his father, 1619, 

1629, an d of his mother. He may have been the William Gordon, 
A.M., who was Mediciner at King's College, Aberdeen, from 1632 
to 1640 ; but no direct proof has yet been discovered. 

5. MARJORIE. She married (1604) James Ogilvy, younger of Blerack, and 

had a daughter, Marie, who married (1633) John Gordon of Auch- 
leuchries and had issue, of whom the second son, Patrick, became 
a General in the Russian army, and had, by his first wife, a daughter, 
Katherine Elizabeth, who married Major-General Alexander Gordon 
of Auchintoul. 

6. Daughter, who married Mr. Robert Bisset of Lessendrum, and had issue. 

7. Daughter, who married William Seton of Hadow. 

8. CHRISTIAN, who married George Gordon of Rhynie and Sheelagreen, and 

had issue. 

(128) 



COCLARACHIE. 13 

George Gordon, III. of Coclarachie, died in 1633 between March 9 
and August 19, as is shown by the charters referred to under notice of 
his third son, Hew. 



GEORGE GORDON, IV. OF COCLARACHIE. 
(Grandson of III. : died 1663.) 

This laird succeeded his grandfather in 1633, though he and his first 
wife had received, on the occasion of their marriage in 1629, a charter on 
Coclarachie and also on Overblairton and Pettens in the parish of 
Belhelvie, Aberdeenshire (Appendix VI.). On October 6, 1643, he sold 
the lands in Belhelvie to George Davidson, burgess of Aberdeen (Scottish 
Notes and Queries, ii., 102) ; but he also acquired lands in the parish of 
Marnoch, Banffshire, including the barony of Auchintoul. 

1635. He was one of those to whom a commission was granted on March 19, 
1635, to apprehend certain rebels and " brokin men " who were oppressing the Laird 
of Frendraught and his tenants; and on August 7, 1635. he was one of those who 
were charged to appear personally before the Lords of Council and to find sufficient 
caution "for observing his majestie's peace and keeping of good rule and quyetnes 
in the countrie under paine of rebellion " (Spalding's Trubles, i., 426, 429). 

1643. He was one of "the Committee appointed by the Estaitis for the taxa- 
tione and loane of moneyes within the shirefdome of Abirdein," which met at Aber- 
deen on October 3, 1643, and on that day he, Sir Robert Gordone of Straloch and 
George Gordone of Knockaspock, were appointed a sub-committee for the district of 
the Presbytery of Strathbogie. He was also present at meetings of the Committee 
on October 4, 1643, and January 6, 1644 (Spald. Club Misc., Hi., 143-7). 

He married (i) in May, 1629, Grissell, daughter of Alexander 
Seton of Pitmedden, by whom he " begat sons and daughters " (Balb. 
MS., p. 52) :- 

1. GEORGE of Auchintoul. See p. 17. 

2. ALEXANDER of Auchintoul. See p. 18. 

3. JAMES of Ardmeallie. See p. 27. 

4. MARIE, who married in March, 1659, John Grant in Lettoch, eldest son 

of James Grant of Auchernick (Elgin Commissary MS. Records, 26th 
June, 1684). 

Grissell Seton died in 1644, and George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie, 
married (2) in December, 1645, Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Fraser 
of Philorth, and widow of William Meldrum of Haltoun of Auchterless 

(129) 



14 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

(Appendix VIII.). Elizabeth Eraser had, by her first marriage, an only 
child, Isabella Meldrum, who married in May, 1664, William, eldest son 
of John Forbes of Asloun (Appendix IX.). The children of the second 
marriage were : 

5. JOHN, who succeeded to Coclarachie. 

6. CHARLES. 

7. JANET, who in September, 1696, became the second wife of Alexander 

Leslie of Little Wartle and had no issue (Appendix XL). 

George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie, died in 1663. On August 5, 
1664, a warrant was passed under the Great Seal appointing Elizabeth 
Eraser tutrix-dative to John, Charles and Jonet Gordon, her lawful 
children, mention being made therein that a year and a day had elapsed 
since the death of George Gordon of Coclarachie (Auchlunkart Charter 
Chest). 



JOHN GORDON, V. OF COCLARACHIE. 
(Son of IV. : died 1714.) 

John Gordon, V. of Coclarachie, the eldest son by the second 
marriage of George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie, was a minor when his 
father died in 1663, and received sasine on Coclarachie in February, 
1670. He was a student at King's College, Aberdeen, in 1668 (Fasti 
Aberd., p. 487). The valuation of Coclarachie in 1696 was 330 6s. 8d. 
Scots (Poll Book, ii., 271). 

He married in December, 1679, Anna, daughter of Sir James Baird 
of Auchmedden (Appendix X.), by whom he had : 

. lalive in 1696 (Poll Book, ii., 271), but died before their father. 

2* /\LEX AN D t/ Rj j 

3. JAMES, who succeeded to Coclarachie. 

4. CHRISTIAN. 

5. ANNA, who married in June, 1712, James Lunan, eldest son of Alexander 

Lunan, M.A., minister of Daviot, Aberdeenshire (Appendix XII.). 

6. ISOBEL. 

John Gordon, V. of Coclarachie, died on July 8, 1714. 

(130) 



COCLARACHIE. 



JAMES GORDON, VI. OF COCLARACHIE. 

(Son of V. ; died 1771.) 

James Gordon, VI. of Coclarachie, was served heir to his father on 
July 14, 1721 (Index of Heirs), and a Crown precept of sasine on a fourth 
part of Coclarachie was issued in his favour on July 24, 1721 (Auchlun- 
kart Charter Chest). He was elected a burgess of Banff on September 
30, 1727 (Burgess Ticket in Auchlunkart Charter Chest). 

On February 26, 1767, he sold the lands of Coclarachie to Alex- 
ander, Duke of Gordon, but sasine was not taken till May i, 1771 
(Index of Charters in Gordon Castle). 

He married, in 1730, Jane, daughter of Robert Bisset of Lessen- 
drum, by whom he had : 

1. ADAM, who died in 1779, his sisters being served heir to him on August 4, 

1779 (Index of Heirs). 

2. JOHN, who was a student at Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1772-73 

(Anderson's Fasti Acad. Marisc., ii., 344), and died before his brother. 

3. HARRIET, who married in December, 1778, Andrew Steuart of Auchlunkart, 

in the parish of Boharm, Banffshire, second son of George Steuart of 
Tanachie in the parish of Rathven, Banffshire. He was a Writer to 
the Signet in Edinburgh, being admitted on July 15, 1763, and he was 
elected a burgess of guild of Aberdeen in 1767. In 1771 he bought 
the lands of Auchlunkart. Andrew Steuart died at Peterhead on 
October 10, 1798, and his widow died at Auchlunkart on September 
10, 1814. Their children were : 

(i) PATRICK STEUART, of Auchlunkart, succeeded also to Tanachie 
on the death of his cousin, George Steuart. At Edinburgh, 
on June 21, 1800, he was admitted one of H.M. Royal 
Company of Archers (Auchlunkart Charter Chest). He 
married on November 9, 1820, Rachel Missing Duff, 
daughter of Lachlan Gordon of Park, by whom he had an 
only son, Andrew Steuart. He died at Paris on March 25, 
1844, aged 64, and his widow died at Auchlunkart on May 
8, 1872, aged 84. 

i. ANDREW STEUART, of Auchlunkart and Tanachie, 
B.A. Cantab., 1844 (First Class in Classical Tripos, 
and a Senior Optime), M.A., 1848, was M.P. 
for Cambridge, 1857-62. In 1885 he resigned 
Auchlunkart and Tanachie in favour of his only 



16 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

surviving son, William. He married, in 1847, 
his cousin, Elizabeth Georgiana Graham, third 
daughter of Thomas Duff Gordon of Park, and by 
her (who died on March 28, 1888) he had : 
(i) PATRICK STEUART, died in infancy, 
(ii) GEORGE ALEXANDER STEUART, scholar 
of Winchester College ; died June, 1865. 
(iii) THOMAS GORDON STEUART, died young, 
(iv) WILLIAM FRANCIS DAY STEUART, now of 
Auchlunkart and Tanachie, married in 
1899 Florence, daughter of S. Ham- 
mond, Woolwich. 

(v) HARRIET ELIZABETH STEUART, married 
in 1871 General William Gordon, C.I. E., 
youngest son of the late Adam Gordon 
of Cairnfield, Banffshire, and has issue, 
(vi) RACHEL ELEANOR STEUART, married, in 
1880, Hastings A. Clarke, Achareidh, 
Nairn, and has issue, 
(vii) LOUISA MARY STEUART. 
(viii) MABEL STEUART, married, in 1894, C. A. 
Seton, Preston, Linlithgow, and has 
issue. 

(2) JAMES STEUART, Captain, Royal Scots, killed at St. Sebastian 

on September 2, 1813, unmarried. "Captain Steuart's 
brilliant but short career was terminated in front of the 
castleof St. Sebastian while reconnoitring along with Major- 
General Hay, to whom he was aide-de-camp : he received 
a musket ball in the head and survived about an hour, 
leaving a character most honourable and as an officer most 
distinguished " (Scots Mag., Ixxv., 799). 

(3) GEORGE STEUART, Midshipman, R.N., died in February, 1820, 

unmarried. 

(4) MARY STEUART, who married David Monypenny (Lord Pit- 

milly), one of the Senators of the College of Justice, and 
died on December 2, 1808, without issue. 

4. CHARLOTTE, who married Col. James Abercrombie, of Glassaugh, Banff- 
shire, son of General James Abercrombie of Glassaugh, but had no 
issue. 

James Gordon, VI. and last of Coclarachie, died at Aberdeen on 
November 29, 1771, in the 77th year of his age (Aberdeen Journal). 



THE GORDONS OF AUCHINTOUL. 

GEORGE GORDON, IV. of Coclarachie. 



GEORGE, I. of A uchintoul. ALEXANDER, II. of Auchintoul. 

ALEXANDER, III. GEORGE of Dorlaithers. 

r ~1 

ALEXANDER, IV. GEORGE. 

! I 

) FREDERICA GORDON or 

ALEXANDER, V. CATHARINE, VI. DE ROSENWALD, VII. 

The arms of Gordon of Auchintoul as recorded in 1765 are : Azure, 
a mullet between three boars' heads couped or within a bordure of the 
last. Crest : a demi-boar proper. Motto : " Bydand ". 



GEORGE GORDON, I. OF AUCHINTOUL. 
(Son of George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie: died 1661.) 

George Gordon, I. of Auchintoul, was the eldest son, by the first 
marriage, of George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie. 

On July 8, 1646, the King granted the lands and barony of Auch- 
intoul, in the parish of Marnoch, Banffshire, to George Gordon of 
Coclarachie, in liferent, and to George Gordon, his eldest son, in fee, 
and to the heirs of the body of George Gordon, junior ; whom failing, 
to Alexander Gordon, second son of George Gordon, senior, and his 
heirs (Reg. Mag. Sig.). 

The " noblemen, gentlemen and heretouris" of Aberdeenshire held 
meetings at Aberdeen on November ir and December 2, 1659, at the 
request of General Monk, and elected commissioners to meet him and 

(133) s 



18 HOUSE OF GORDOtf. 

confer with him on the affairs of the time. Among those present at the 
first meeting was the " Laird of Auchintoull younger," and at the second 
meeting " Auchintoull Gordoune" (Rec. of A boy ne, pp. 319, 323). 

He died before his father in 1661, unmarried, and his next brother, 
Alexander, was served heir to him on July 24, 1661 (Retours). 

ALEXANDER GORDON, II. OF AUCHINTOUL, LORD AUCHINTOUL. 
(Brother of I '.: died 1710.) 

On the death of George Gordon, I. of Auchintoul, his brother 
german, Alexander Gordon, succeeded to Auchintoul in accordance 
with the provisions of the charter of July 8, 1646. 

1669. At a meeting of the Synod of Moray in April, 1669, the Presbytery of 
Strathbogie gave in a report regarding the papists within their bounds, among whom 
was Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul ; and the Synod enjoined the Presbytery to 
begin a process against him. The same injunction was renewed at next meeting of 
Synod in October following. In April, 1670, the Presbytery reported to the Synod 
that Auchintoul was under process. At subsequent meetings of Synod the same 
report was given in till April, 1672, when the Presbytery reported that he had been 
called before the Privy Council, and that consequently the process against him was 
laid aside (Synod of Moray MS. Records). 

1678. July. Infeftment was given in the town and lands of Auchintoul and 
others to Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul in liferent and to Alexander Gordon, his 
eldest lawful son, in fee; the liferent of Isobel Gray, spouse of the said Alexander 
Gordon, elder, being reserved, and the foresaid lands being erected into a barony to 
be called the barony of Auchintoul (Geneal. Mag., 1901, p. 361). 

1684. January 8. He was admitted an advocate (Brunton and Haig's Senators 
of the College of Justice, p. 431). 

1687. February 2. He witnessed a deed executed at Delmanie, in the parish 
of Boharm, Banffshire (Auchlunkart Charter Chest). 

1688. June 15. He was admitted an Ordinary Lord of Session (Fountainhall's 
Decisions, i., 506). As the Revolution took place soon after, he held office only for a 
few months, but continued to be known as Lord Auchintoul. 

1704. May 15. The list of papists given in to the presbytery of Strathbogie 
by the minister of Marnoch includes " Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul, sometym 
Senator in the College of Justice, baptized and brought up in the reformed protestant 
religion which he professed in his youth till he went to France, since which time he 
has been a professed papist ; his children all born and bred in the Romish religion, 
and forisfamiliat ; there are only two daughters with him, viz., Mary and Margaret, 
unmarried, both papists" (Blakhal's Narration, Spalding Club, p. xxxvi.). 

(134) 



COCLARACHIE. IQ 

1709. February 10. William Duff of Braco on February 21, 1707, sent his 
servant to the house of Auchintoul, who counted down " on the table in specie current 
at the time" the amount of the principal and interest of a debt of 1,000 Scots due 
upon bond by his deceased father to Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul ; and upon 
Auchintoul's declining to accept the money, the servant consigned it in the hands of 
Grant of Ruddry and protested that Braco was free of interest in time coming. Among 
other reasons for declining to accept the money at that time, Auchintoul alleged that 
"there was a rumour, then dispersed and which ultimately fell out, that the money 
of Scotland was to be called in and made conform to that of England in terms of the 
Union, and he apprehended that Braco was taking advantage to palm upon him the 
loss" that would thereby arise, and which he estimated would amount to about 500 
merks. The Lords of Session found that Auchintoul should have accepted the money 
when it was offered and that the loss must fall on him (Fountainhall's Decisions, 
ii., 490). 

Lord Auchintoul married Isobel Gray, " daughter of Gray of Braik 
and niece of Lord Gray" (Life, prefixed to Major-Gen. Gordon's Peter 
the Great}, "with whom he begat three sons and daughters" (Balb. MS., 
P- 52). 

1. ALEXANDER, succeeded to Auchintoul. 

2. GEORGE, was in Monedie in 1704, when he and his wife, Barbara McKenzie, 

with "but one chyld, on the breast," were returned as among the 
papists in the parish of Marnoch (Blakhal's Narration, p. xxxvi.), was 
in Monedie in 1709 (Strathbogie Presb. Rec.\ and was afterwards of 
Dorlaithers, in the parish of Turriff, Aberdeenshire. He perished at 
sea in 1716 on his way to Holland (Balb. MS., p. 52). He married 
Barbara, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie of Ardloch, and niece of 
Sir George Mackenzie, first Earl of Cromartie (Fraser's Earls of 
Cromartie, ii., 53), and by her (who died on May 26, 1762, aged 80) he 
had "three sons and a daughter" (Balb. MS., p. 52). The eldest son, 
Alexander Gordon of Dorlaithers, succeeded his uncle in Auchintoul. 
The second son, George, who died in July, 1762 (Marnoch Sess. Rec.), 
married, and had two daughters : the elder, Frederica, married 
Quieten de Rosenwald in the service of the Emperor of Germany, 
and in 1798 succeeded her cousin, Catharine Gordon, in Auchintoul ; 
the younger, Christine, married Theiner de Retheim, Major in the 
German army: and both were widows in 1798 (Auchintoul Titles). 

3. JAMES, "third son to the Laird of Auchintoul, living in the house of 

Cairnborrow," was included in the list of papists given in to the 
presbytery of Strathbogie by the minister of Glass on May ii, 1704 
(Blakhal's Narration, p. xxxvi.). He married (f) a daughter of Barclay 
of Cottcairn (Balb. MS., p. 52), and she died under circumstances 
indicated in two letters printed in Fraser's Earls of Cromartie (ii., 51-3). 

(135) 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

In one of the letters Sir George Mackenzie, first Earl of Cromartie, 
writing to John, Earl of Mar, on November 30, 1707, says: "This 
day one James Gordon, a sonne of the quondam Lord Auchintowl, 
had a persuit against Duff of Braco for comeing with 29 or 30 armed 
men to seaz the said James on account of a ryot committed by him 
on Alexander Alexander. Braco defended himself as being oblidged, 
as a baron, to seaz any committers of ryot, as also he had the shirrefs 
warrand to search and seaz the said James. The advocats for James 
alleadge this to be a gross ryot in Braco and ane infringment of our 
act of Habeas Corpus, &c. But unhappily, by Bracos clamorous 
irruption into the hous, his lady who was a while befor brought to 
bed did from the fright fall into a fever and dyed. Now that which 
is notable in this process is that Braco did raise a lybell against 
Gordon for raising so scandalous lybel against him and befor any 
procedur he pleaded that Gordon, the persuer, should also enter the 
pannell. . . . The Lords made Gordon also enter the pannel. . . . We 
are next day of court to hear them on the principal! cause." The 
other letter is from Barbara Mackenzie, wife of George Gordon, to 
her uncle, Sir George Mackenzie, first Earl of Cromartie, and, though 
not dated, was evidently written a short time before the Earl's own 
letter. 

MY LORD I took the freedom to writ in sommer with my husbands brother 
to your Lordship, who owns himself much bound and oblidged to your 
favour and civility, and I no less, who flatter myself with the fancy 
that a share of them were on my account, for which I render your 
Lordship my cordiall thanks, and intreats your protection and friend- 
ship to him in an action he has befor your Lordship wherin he pur- 
sues Braco for the death of his wife. I need not enter on the detail 
of the affair, you'll be sufficiently acquainted with it ; but one thing I 
must say, the poor gentilman has but too great raison to pursue Braco 
in this affair, he having occasioned the death of a very good wife, my 
particular friend, their being no room left to doubt but his affrighting 
of her was certainly the occasion of her death, who was known befor 
that, particularly to myself, to be one of the strongest and healthfullest 
women in the countrey. My Lord, I must sollicit your favor and beg 
your justice not only in my brother-in-laws behalf but likewise in my 
own and all women who are bearing children, for how can we secure 
ourselves against the being affrighted out of our lives if this go un- 
punished ? These people, with whom my brother has to do, boast so 
much of their wealth that they undervalue and despise men of meaner 
fortuns and think to do all and secur for themselves against all events 
with their money. But I have no fears on that head, being long agoe 
convinced of your Lordships judgement, integrity and justice. My 



COCLARACHIE. 21 

Lord Auchintoulle, who presents you with this, can inform you better 
than any man, having been witnesse to all the sad tragedie ; and I'le 
assure you, my Lord, that nothing, no not his sons concern, will 
make him say any thing contrary to truth. 

I'm always glaid to hear of your Lordships health, and wishes and prays 
for the continuance of it. My husband kisses your hands and longs 
to be known to you. My sister Mary do's the same but particularly, 
my Lord, 

Your most obedient neece and humble servant, 
BARBARA MCKENZIE. 

James Gordon married (2) Margaret Chalmers, daughter of a solicitor in 
Edinburgh, who survived him and died at Edinburgh on January 21, 
1739, leaving two daughters (Edinb. Commissariat, Dec. 12, 1740). 

(1) KATHERINE, died abroad, unmarried, in 1768 (Edinb. Com- 

missariot, April n, 1769). 

(2) CLEMENTINA, married at Edinburgh in 1751 James Elphinston, 

and died at London in 1778. Elphinston was a native of 
Edinburgh, who removed to London in 1753 and set up an 
academy at Kensington, which he successfully carried on 
till 1776. He died at London on October 8, 1809, aged 88, 
being survived by his second wife, a daughter of the Rev. 
James Falconar and niece of Bishop Falconar. He was a 
friend of Johnson and other prominent literary men of his 
time, and was himself the author of several educational 
works (GentJs Mag., Nov., 1809). 

4. Daughter, married John Gordon of Letterfourie (Balb. MS., p. 18). 

5. MARY, 



6. MARGARET, Darned '" 
Lord Auchintoul died at Auchintoul in 1710. 



ALEXANDER GORDON, III. OF AUCHINTOUL. 
(Son of II. : died 1751). 

The third laird, the eldest son of Lord Auchintoul, was the most 
distinguished member of the family. He was born at Auchintoul on 
December 27, 1669, and at the age of fourteen was sent to Paris to 
complete his education. During his stay in France he entered the 
French army and rose to the position of Captain. Returning to 
Scotland after the Revolution he did not find the position of public 

(137) 



22 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

affairs to his mind, and accordingly about 1692 he went to the continent 
and soon found his way to Russia. There he joined the Russian army, 
then under the command of his kinsman, General Patrick Gordon of 
Auchleuchries. His first commission was obtained under exceptional 
circumstances. Not long after his arrival he was present at a marriage, 
where some young Russians, notwithstanding his remonstrances, per- 
sisted in speaking in contemptuous terms of all foreigners, and specially 
of Scots. The dispute proceeded from words to blows, but ended in 
Gordon's favour. A complaint having been lodged against Gordon, he 
was summoned before the Czar himself to answer for his conduct. 
Having heard Gordon's account of the incident, the Czar said " Well, 
Sir, your accusers have done you justice in allowing that you beat six 
men ; I also will do you justice " ; and thereupon he gave him a Major's 
commission. In the same year Gordon was made a Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and three years later, in 1696, he had command of a regiment at the 
siege of Azof. When the Czar in 1700 gave liberty to the slaves on 
condition that they should become soldiers in his army, Col. Gordon 
specially distinguished himself by his skill in training the new men in 
the methods that had been adopted for reforming the army. At the 
disastrous defeat of the Russians by the Swedes at Narva on November 
30, 1700, Col. Gordon became a prisoner of war, and remained in the 
hands of the Swedes for nearly seven years, having been released by 
exchange only in September, 1707. Immediately after his release he 
met the Czar at Pleskow, was ordered to accompany him to St. Peters- 
burg, had frequent conferences with him there, and was raised to the 
rank of Brigadier. In the following year he was made a Major-General, 
in reward for the successes he had gained over the Polish troops. While 
in service in Poland in 1711 he heard of his father's death, and having 
obtained permission to leave the Russian service he returned to Scot- 
land in the end of that year. He at once began to make several im- 
provements on the house of Auchintoul, and he also enlarged his estate 
by the purchase, in 1712, of the lands of Laithers in the parish of Turriff, 
Aberdeenshire. On June 27, 1713, he was served heir general to his 
father (Index of Heirs). 

In the rebellion of 1715 he took a prominent part. He attended 
the Earl of Mar's hunting-match at Braemar on August 27, and was 
also present at the meeting at Aboyne on September 9, at which it was 



COCLARACHIE. 23 

decided that the time had come to take up arms. Thereafter he was 
sent into the Highlands to raise the western clans, and soon collected a 
body of over 4,000 men. An attempt to surprise Fort William proved 
unsuccessful, and he then marched towards Inverary with a view to 
giving the Jacobites of Argyleshire an opportunity of joining his 
standard. After Gordon had been some time before Inverary, thereby 
preventing the Earl of Islay from taking action, the Earl of Islay in 
October "appointed Clanronald and Glengary to treat with Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Lochnell and Lieut.-Col. Campbell of Finab on the part of 
General Gordon, and it was agreed that Gordon and his people should 
abandon Argyleshire and compensate the poor people for their losses, 
and on the other hand that the Hanoverian troops should not molest the 
clans " (Townshend MSS., Hist. MSS. Com. Reports, p. 164). There- 
upon Gordon withdrew his men towards Perthshire, arriving at Drum- 
mond Castle about the beginning of November, and on November 10 
joined the Earl of Mar's army. At the battle of Sheriffmuir on 
November 13 the centre of the first line, which proved victorious over 
the Government troops, was under the command of Gordon. When 
the Chevalier's army reached Montrose on February 3, 1716, it was 
placed under General Gordon and he received from the Chevalier a 
commission "to command the army till dispersed and to act and in all 
things contribute as much as in him lay to the common safety " of the 
men. The army reached Aberdeen on February 6, when General 
Gordon intimated the instructions he had received ; and thereafter he 
conducted the march westwards to Badenoch, where the men who had 
not already withdrawn quietly dispersed. From the time that he 
received full command he conducted the march with such prudence and 
skill that, though closely pursued, he lost few of his men (Browne's 
Hist, of the Highlands, chaps, xii.-xiv.). Thereafter he retired to the 
Highlands and in 1717 escaped to France. In February, 1719, he was 
at Bordeaux in consultation with those who were planning the invasion 
of 1719, which ended in the defeat at Glenshiel on June 10, 1719. When 
it was reported that the Spanish ships were to sail from Passage on 
March 8, " General Gordon falling sick a few days after, it was found 
he could not make the voyage" (Oliphant's Jacobite Lairds of Gask, p. 
452) ; but in April he, with forty other officers, left Bordeaux in two 
Swedish ships (Dickson's Jacobite Attempt of 1719, p. 247). He was 

(139) 



24 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

included among those attainted for treason, but by being misnamed 
Thomas in the Act of Attainder of 1716 he did not lose his estates. 

Major-General Gordon did not return to Scotland till 1727, and 
thereafter he lived quietly the life of a country gentleman. On June 
28, 1729, he received from James Mitchell of Auchanacie in the parish 
of Keith a discharge for 10,000 merks which had been borrowed on the 
security of the lands of Auchintoul (Sasines). He did not take any part 
in the rebellion of 1745, though the leaders of the rebel forces were in 
communication with him in February, 1746 (Oliphant's Jacobite Lairds 
of Gask, p. 182). The village of Aberchirder was founded by him in 
1746, the first feus being given off in that year (Dr. Cramond in Aberdeen 
Free Press, September 24, 1901). In his later years he occupied his 
time in writing a life of the Emperor of Russia, under whom he had 
served, which was published in two octavo volumes at Aberdeen in 1755, 
with the title The History of Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, to which 
is prefixed a short General History of the Country from the rise of that 
monarchy, and an account of the Author's life. 

Major-General Gordon married (i) in 1699 or 1700 Katherine 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of General Patrick Gordon of Auchleuchries, 
and widow of Colonel Strasburg of the Russian army, and by her (who 
died in December, 1739) he had several children who all died in infancy. 
He married (2) Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Moncrief of 
that Ilk, by whom he had no issue. His widow died at Edinburgh on 
September 19, 1788 (Scots Mag.). 

Major-General Gordon died at Auchintoul on July 31, 1751 (Scots 
Mag.), and was buried in the churchyard of Marnoch. Having no sur- 
viving issue he was succeeded in Auchintoul and Laithers by his nephew. 



ALEXANDER GORDON, IV. OF AUCHINTOUL. 
(Nephew of HI. : died 1763.) 

Alexander Gordon of Dorlaithers, eldest son of George Gordon of 
Dorlaithers, was served heir general to his uncle, Major-General Alex- 
ander Gordon of Auchintoul, on July 24, 1753 (Index of Heirs). Alex- 
ander Gordon of Dorlaithers joined the rebels as a volunteer in 1745, 

(140) 



COCLARACHIE. 2$ 

and in 1746 the rental of Dorlaithers was said to be 60 sterling, with 
a mansion house in "pretty good condition " (List of Rebels, Scot. Hist. 
Soc., pp. 30, 312). 

He married Helen, second daughter of Alexander Irvine of 
Drum, and by her (who died on December 6, 1764, aged 64) he had 
a son, Alexander, and a daughter, Catharine, who both succeeded to 
Auchintoul. 

The fourth laird died on June 2, 1763, aged 58 (Jervise's Epitaphs, 
ii., 224). 

ALEXANDER GORDON, V. OF AUCHINTOUL. 

(Son of IV.: died 1768.) 

Alexander Gordon, V. of Auchintoul, succeeded his father in 1763. 
He was an officer in the rebel army of 1745 (List of Rebels, Scot. Hist. 
Soc., p. 30) ; and was in France in 1748, when he received from the 
King of France a gratuity of 800 livres (Browne's Hist, of the Highlands, 
Stuart Papers, No. cxxiv.). From John Abernethie he bought the town 
and lands of Corskie in the parish of Marnoch and had sasine thereon 
on May 15, 1764 (Sasines). He died unmarried on March 30, 1768. 

CATHARINE GORDON, VI. OF AUCHINTOUL. 
(Daughter of IV. : died 1797.) 

Catharine Gordon was served heir to her brother, Alexander Gordon 
of Auchintoul, on August 12, 1768 (Index of Heirs). On September 19, 
1772, sasine was granted to Lord Adam Gordon of Prestonhall in 
liferent and Miss Katherine Gordon of Auchintoul in fee upon the 
barony of Auchintoul ; and on September 23, 1772, sasine was granted 
to James Irvine of Kingcaussie in liferent and Katherine Gordon of 
Auchintoul in fee upon the lands of Mid Culvie and others in Marnoch 
(Sasines). She died unmarried in June, 1797, and was succeeded by her 
cousin. 

FREDERICA GORDON OR DE ROSENWALD, VII. OF AUCHINTOUL. 
' (Cousin of VI.) 

Frederica Gordon, widow of Quieten de Rosenwald, was served 
heir of provision special to her cousin, Catharine Gordon of Auchintoul, 

(141) T 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

in the barony of Auchintoul and the lands of Laithers on July 12, 1798 
(Index of Heirs), and that year sold the lands to John Morison, after- 
wards of Bognie. On May 10, 1799, Christine Gordon, widow of 
Theiner de Retheim, Major in the service of the Emperor of Germany, 
resigned her half of the lands of Corskie in favour of her sister, 
Frederica Gordon, widow of Quieten de Rosenwald in the service of 
the Emperor of Germany ; and on June 17 Madame de Rosenwald 
sold the whole lands of Corskie to John Morison of Auchintoul 
(Auchintoul Titles). According to tradition, the weather of the first 
winter that Madame de Rosenwald and her sister spent in Scotland 
after the death of their cousin was so severe that they resolved to 
return to Germany ; but the vessel in which they sailed was never 
heard of again and was believed to have foundered in a storm (Banff- 
shire Journal, July 30, 1889). 



(142) 



THE GORDONS OF ARDMEALLIE. 

GEORGE GORDON, IV. of Coclarachie. 
JAMES, I. of Ardmeallie. 

PETER, II. of Ardmeallie. ALEXANDER, II. of Logie. JAMES of Banchory. 

I I I 

JAMES, III. of A rdmeallie. ROBERT, III. of Logie. THOMAS of Premnay. 

The arms of Gordon of Ardmeallie as recorded in 1721 are : 
Quarterly : ist and 4th, Azure, three boars' heads erased or within a 
bordure of the last charged with eight crescents (referring to the Seton 
descent) gules ; 2nd and 3rd (for Meldrum), Argent, a demi otter issuing 
out of a bar wavy sable. Crest : a boar's head erased or. Motto : 
" Byd bee ". 

JAMES GORDON, I. OF ARDMEALLIE. 
(Son of George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie ; died 1723.) 

James Gordon, I. of Ardmeallie, was the third son, by the first 
marriage, of George Gordon, IV. of Coclarachie. He obtained possession 
of the lands of Ardmeallie in the parish of Marnoch, Banffshire, between 
1672 and 1674. 

The former proprietor was John Gordon. There is recorded in the Elgin 
Commissary Records, on October 24th, 1681, a discharge, " written be Johne Gordone 
of Ardmellie and subscribed at Patrick Brouns hous in the Raws of Strathbogie the 
fourth day of July 1672 befor thir witnesses James Innes in Ardmellie and Johne 
Gordone of Ardmellie," by which James Gordon, merchant in Aberdeen, having 
received " nyne bolls and thrie firlotts of oats with the fodder," discharged his uncle, 
Robert Gordon sometime in Ardmellie, of a bond, dated May 17, 1672, for "thrie 
scoir and seven merks". James Gordon of Ardmeallie was the husband of Isobel 
Meldrum on January 16, 1674, when she and her two sisters were served heirs 
portioner to Mr. John Hay of Logie, their uncle (Rctours). 

(143) 



28 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Through his wife James Gordon of Ardmeallie became in 1674 
portioner of the lands of Logie in Crimond, Aberdeenshire. Mr. John 
Hay of Logie died 1673 and left these lands to the three daughters of 
his sister who had married Peter Meldrum of Laithers, and these three 
sisters were served heirs portioner on January 16, 1674. Mary, the 
eldest, had married David Stewart of Newton, commissary of Moray ; 
Isobel, the second, had married James Gordon of Ardmeallie ; and 
Elspet, the youngest, had married Mr. David Gumming, minister of 
Edinkillie in Morayshire. Before 1696 David Stewart and James 
Gordon had acquired Mrs. Cumming's right, as they alone appear as 
portioners of Logie in the Poll Book (ii., 48). David Stewart died in 
February, 1705, and his widow died in June, 1708 (Index of Heirs) ; and 
shortly after James Gordon acquired the whole of Logie. 

1679. December 15. He witnessed the marriage contract of his half-brother, 
John Gordon of Coclarachie (Appendix X.). 

1696. May 5. He had sasine on an annualrent of 6,600 merks out of Rattanach 
and Knachland in the parish of Rothiemay (Sasines). 

September 26. He gave his consent to the marriage of his half-sister, Janet 
Gordon (Appendix XI.). 

1700. November 7. He was chancellor of the jury that condemned James 
Macpherson, the freebooter (Cramond's Banff, i., 101). 

1708. March 15. He was made an ensign in Aberdeen on account of the 
threatened invasion of the French (Aberdeen Burgh Records). 

July 2. His wife was served co-heir to her sister, Mary, widow of David 
Stewart, commissary of Moray (Index of Heirs). 

James Gordon of Ardmeallie married Isobel, second daughter of 
Peter Meldrum of Laithers, by whom he had three sons and a daughter: 

1. PETER, succeeded to Ardmeallie. 

2. ALEXANDER, succeeded to Logie in Crimond before 1721 (Coll. Aberd. and 

Banff, p. 426). In 1746 the laird of Logie was said to have a rental 
of 260 sterling, with "a fine house" (List of Rebels, Scot. Hist. Soc., 
p. 305). He married, and had a son and two daughters : 

(i) ROBERT, succeeded to Logie. Robert Gordon, younger of 
Logie, joined the rebels at Edinburgh in 1745 (Ibid., p. 91), 
and was one of those who were excepted by name from the 
general pardon of June, 1747 (Gent.'s Mag., June, 1747; 
Chambers' Rebellion 0/1745-6, 7th ed., p. 482). On October 
4, 1752, he was served heir to his father (Index of Heirs). 

(144) 



COCLARACHIE. 29 

He seems to have sold the lands of Logic. He married 

and had twin sons and a daughter. 

i. JAMES, born at Milton of Drum in the parish of 
Peterculter, Aberdeenshire, was a farmer at Logic 
in Crimond and afterwards at Mains of Orrock in 
the parish of Belhelvie, and was distinguished for 
improvements in the cultivation of turnips. He 
died at Aberdeen on November 6, 1841, aged 89 
(Scottish Notes and Queries, viii., 99 ; Smith's Hist, 
of Aberdeenshire, p. 428). 

ii. ALEXANDER, twin brother of James, was a student 
in Arts at Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1763-67, 
and thereafter studied medicine at Aberdeen and 
Edinburgh. Having obtained a certificate from 
the Corporation of Surgeons, London, he entered 
the Royal Navy in 1780 as a surgeon's mate, was 
raised in 1782 to the rank of surgeon, and served 
on H.M.S. Otter. In 1785 he was placed on half- 
pay, and, after spending some time in London in 
the special study of midwifery, he went to Aberdeen 
and began general practice there. In 1786 he was 
appointed physician to Aberdeen Dispensary, and 
was annually re-elected till he left Aberdeen. 
While in Aberdeen he gave lectures on midwifery 
to medical students. In 1788 he received the 
degree of M.D. from Marischal College. In 
January, 1796, he relinquished his practice in 
Aberdeen, having been called on to resume active 
duty in the Navy ; and in the same year he was 
admitted a Member of the Corporation of Surgeons, 
London. In 1799 he was invalided home, and 
went to Logic, the residence of his brother, where 
he died on October 19, aged 47. In 1795 he pub- 
lished a Treatise on the Epidemic Puerperal Fever of 
Aberdeen, which was reprinted at Edinburgh in 
1822 as an appendix to Dr. William Campbell's 
Treatise on the Epidemic Puerperal Fever of Edin- 
burgh, 1821-22. Dr. Campbell says in his preface 
(p. xii.) "To the present work I have added the 
valuable essay of Dr. Gordon as an appendix, for 
it is now entirely out of print, although a publica- 
tion of the first practical utility, and one the 
possession of which must be desirable to every 
man in practice, since to its author we are 

(M5) 



3O HOUSE OF GORDON. 

unquestionably indebted for having been the first 
to prove that puerperal fever was not quite so 
untractable as the plague, but that it might on 
the contrary be successfully encountered ". The 
value of the treatise was again recognised in 1849, 
when it was reprinted by the Sydenham Society 
(Anderson's Fasti Acad. Marisc., ii., 131, 334; 
Scottish Notes and Queries, viii., 99 ; Biog. Note by 
his grandson, Dr. A. Harvey, in reprint of Treatise 
on Fever, 1849; Rodger's Aberdeen Doctors, pp. 46, 
67). Dr. Gordon married in 1783 Elizabeth 
Harvey, and by her (who was born on February 
21, 1760, and died on March 10, 1840) he had two 
daughters. 

(i.) MARY, born on November 12, 1784, 
married Dr. Robert Harvey of Braco 
near Inverurie, and died on June 14, 
1818, leaving, with other children,.a son 
Alexander Harvey, A.M., M.D., Pro- 
fessor (1860-78) of Materia Medica in 
the University of Aberdeen, 
(ii.) ELIZABETH, died on January 7, 1793, 

aged 6. 

iii. Daughter, died, unmarried, at Banff on July 29, 
1824, aged 70 (Aberdeen Journal). 

(2) ISOBEL, died, unmarried, at Aberdeen in March, 1780 (Aberdeen 

Commissariat, Gen. Reg. House, July 20, 1780). 

(3) ELIZABETH, died, unmarried, at Aberdeen on August 8, 1790 

(Aberdeen Journal). 

3. JAMES was a merchant in Aberdeen. He purchased in 1724 the lands 
of Banchory in the parish of Banchory-Devenick, Kincardineshire, 
but sold them in 1743 to Alexander Thomson, advocate in Aberdeen 
(Coll. Aberd. and Banff, p. 265; Henderson's Banchory-Devenick, p. 
20); and in 1741 possessed lands in the parish of Premnay of the 
annual value of 766 133. 4d. Scots (Scottish Notes and Queries, 2nd 
series, ii., 120). He died at Aberdeen on February 6, 1751, aged 67. 
" He acquired a considerable fortune by merchandize, with an irre- 
proachable character; was universally esteemed for many valuable 
qualities and distinguished for his benevolent and peaceable disposi- 
tion " (Aberdeen Journal). His brother, Alexander, had from him on 
loan 11,200 Scots (Aberdeen Commissariat, Gen. Reg. House, June 20, 
1753). He married (i) Margaret, daughter of Robert Cumming of 
Bjrness, and had two daughters, who on May 7, 1740, were served 



COCLARACHIE. 31 

heirs portioner to their aunt, Ann Gumming, daughter of Robert 
Gumming of Birness (Index of Heirs) 

(1) ANN, who married in 1757 John Gordon of Craig, and died in 

1774, leaving issue. 

(2) ISOBEL. 

He married (2) Mary, daughter of James Buchan of Auchmacoy, and 
had 

(3) THOMAS, who was served heir to his father on November 9, 

1751 (Index of Heirs). He succeeded to his father's lands 
in the parish of Premnay ; and also acquired Sheelagreen 
in the parish of Culsalmond, and in 1798 Heathcot in the 
parish of Maryculter (Henderson's Lower Deeside, p. 201). 
He died at Suffolk Street, London, W.C., on July 19, 1819, 
aged 73 (Gent.'s Mag.), and was succeeded by his sister, 
Mary. He bequeathed to the parish of Premnay 1,000 
and to the parish of Culsalmond 600, the interest of 
which sums is applied for the support of the poor of these 
parishes (Smith's Hist, of Aberdeenshire, pp. 462, 1166). 

(4) MARY, who married on January 21, 1768, Dr. (afterwards 

Sir) Alexander Bannerman, Professor of Medicine in King's 
College, Aberdeen, and had issue (Anderson's Officers, etc., 
of King's College, p. 38). She succeeded to her brother's 
lands, but soon sold them. 
4. MARY, married Skene of Lethintie (Balb. MS., p. 53). 

James Gordon, I. of Ardmeallie, died in 1723 ; for in June, 1723, 
it was reported to the Kirk Session of Marnoch that "James Gordon of 
Ardmeallie, lately deceased," had bequeathed 100 merks for the poor 
of the parish (Marnoch Session Rec.). 



PETER GORDON, II. OF ARDMEALLIE. 
(Son of I. : died 1762.) 

Peter Gordon, II. of Ardmeallie, was the eldest son of James 
Gordon of Ardmeallie. 

1709. April 24. Peter Gordon of Ardmeallie was one of the heritors of 
Marnoch (Marnoch Session Rec.). 

1726. August 10. He had sasine on part of the moss of Tilliedoun (Banff 
Sasines). 

1729. March n. He had sasine on an annualrent of 200 merks out of Haddo 
in the parish of Forgue (Sasines). 

(147) 



32 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1733. He bought the lands of Barrie in the parish of Marnoch from William 
Duff of Crombie (Antiq. Aberd. and Banff, ii., 426). 

1747. September 4. He and his spouse had sasine on a tenement in Portsoy 
(Sasines). 

1748. May 27. He was one of those qualified to wear arms after the Jacobite 
rebellion (Banffshire Journal, May 30, 1899). 

1750. March 20. The presbytery of Strathbogie visited the school of Marnoch 
and ascertained that, although they had on February 15, 1749, "recommended all 
schoolmasters to take particular care that the several schoolhouses should not be 
alienated to any other purpose than the teaching of youth allenarly, and had ordered 
every schoolmaster to get an extract of this resolution as a sufficient warrand for 
them not to give up the schoolhouses for to be used for selling of ale and other 
abuses at mercats or other publick occasions, which the presbytery understood had 
been frequently practised, particularly at Marnoch," yet Patrick Gordon of Ordmelly, 
after being shown a copy of the presbytery's resolution, had by letter demanded from 
the schoolmaster, John Smith, the keys of the schoolhouse for Marnoch fair on 
March 6, 1750, and " Mr. Smith still refusing to deliver up the keys, James Gordon, 
younger of Ordmelly, with several others in company, did on the said day in a 
violent and riotous manner break open the door both of the schoolhouse and school- 
chamber, breaking and destroying the seats belonging thereto, and making use of the 
schoolhouse through that day for selling of ale and other purposes. The presbytery 
looking upon this as a matter of publick concern . . . and having discoursed with 
Ordmelly thereanent," resolved that they would, " if he persisted in claiming any 
property in the said schoolhouse in time coming, take care to guard against any 
encroachments of the like nature, and this they intimated to him " (Strathbogie Presb. 
Rec.}. 

He married (i) in 1706 Ann, daughter of Robert Bisset of Lessen- 
drum (Temple's Fermartyn, p. 252), by whom he had three children 
who died young; and (2) Mary, eldest daughter of James Duff of 
Crombie (Baird's Duffs, p. 46), by whom he had : 

1. JAMES, who succeeded to Ardmeallie. 

2. ARCHIBALD, who received from his father, on June 30, 1733 (Sasines), the 

lands of Zeuchrie, part of Ardmeallie, but died, unmarried, in 
September, 1741, before his father. On April 5, 1753, his brother, 
James, was served heir to him in these lands (Index of Heirs), his 
father having renounced his right in the lands (Sasines, September 
28, 1753)- 

3. MARY, who married John Gordon of Avochie, in the parish of Huntly, 

and died on April 5, 1785, leaving issue (Jervise's Epitaphs, ii. 382). 

4. HELEN, who married John Innes of Muiryfold, in the parish of Grange, 

and had no issue. 

Peter Gordon, II. of Ardmeallie, died at Ardmeallie in April, 1762 

(Marnoch Session Rec.). 

(148) 



COCLARACHI^. 33 

JAMES GORDON, III. OF ARDMEALLIE. 
(Son of II. : died 1791.) 

James Gordon, III. of Ardmeallie, was the eldest son of Peter 
Gordon of Ardmeallie. In 1757 he had sasine on February 8 on 
Ardmeallie, on May 5 on Barrie, and on May 6 on Northfield (Sasines). 

He married on January 25, 1757, Janet, daughter of John Leith of 
Leith-Hall (Scots Mag.). 

He died at Ardmeallie on July 31, 1791 (Scots Mag.), and after 
his death the lands were sold to John Morison, afterwards of Bognie. 



(149) 



THE GORDONS OF COCLARACHIE. 
APPENDIX OF DOCUMENTS. 

I. 

In Dei nomine amen per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
evidenter et sit notum quod anno domini millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo quarto 
mensis vero Maij [die] decimo octauo Indictione septima pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris domini et domini nostri dementis pape diuini anno vndecimo in 
notarii public! et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus honestus 
vir Patricius Drum de Cardndavit atturnatus et eo nomine honorabilis domine 
Jonete Gordoun filie quondam Georgij Gordoun de cujus atturnatus mandate 
michi notario publico subscripto lucide constabat documento sub data apud Edin- 
brucht decimo die mensis Aprilis anno regnj supremi domini nostri regis vigesimo 
quiquidem Patricius Drum atturnatus nominatus quo supra quasdem literas papiro 
scriptas formam sasine et possessionis in se continentes a nobili et potente domino 
Jacobo murraue comite ac vicecomite principali de Aberdein sigillo sui officij 
varrantatas et munitas in medium produxit et presentauit fide digno viro Johanni 
Bessat vni de maris deputatis vicecomitatus de Aberdein vigore quarum literarum 
ipsarum Johannem Bessat requisivit quatenus sibi Patricio Orum nominate quo 
supra statum sasinam et possessionem omnium et singularum terrarum quarte partis 
terrarum de Kovclairochy cum quarta parte molendini et pertinentiis earundem cum 
dimedia sexte partis terrarum de Garrye et quarta parte terrarum de Drumdurnotht 
cum pertinentiis daret et deliberaret secundum vim formam et effectum dictarum 
literarum dicto maro directarum quasquidem literas per prefatum marum cum 
reverentia qua decuit receptas michique traditas et intellectas subsequente verborum 
forma perlegi et ad noticiam circumstantium deduxi James erl of murraif leftenand 
generall of Scotland and scheref principali of Aberdein to George Bessait mair of fee 
of the said scherefdoum and to his deputs greiting for samikill as we haif resauit ane 
precept of our souerane lords chappell charging ws to causs possessioun to be giffin 
to Jonet Gordoun or hir lauchfull attornay of all and haill the fovrt pairt of the lands 
of Kovclairoquhy with the fovrt pairt of the myll of the samyn and of the half of the 
sext pairt of Garry and of the fourt pairt of the lands of Drumdurnotht with thair 
pertinents as in our souerane lords precept derekit to ws thairapoun mair fullely is 
contenit of the quhilk precept the tenour follouis Jacobus Dei gratia rex Scotorum 

(150) 



COCLARACHIE. 35 

vicecomiti et balliuis suis de Aberdene salutem quia per inquisitionem de mandate 
nostro per vos factam et ad capellam nostram returnatam compertum est quod 
quondam Elizabet Wentoun mater Jonete Gordoun latoris presentium obijt vltimo 
vestita et saisita vt de feodo ad pacem et fidem nostram de totis et integris terris 
subscripts cum suis pertinentiis viz. de quarta parte terrarum de Kovclairoquhy 
cum quarta parte molendini eiusdem et dimedia sexte partis terrarum de Garrye et 
de quarta parte terrarum de Drumdurnotht cum suis pertinentiis jacentibus in 
regalitate de Gareacht infra balliuiam westram et quod dicta Joneta est legitima et 
propinquior heres eiusdem Elizabet matris sue de dictis terris cum quarta parte 
molendini prenotati cum pertinentiis et quod est legitime etatis et quod de nobis 
tenetur in capite Vobis precipimus et mandamus quatenus dicte Jonete aut suo certo 
atturnato latori presentium sasinam predictarum terrarum cum quarta parte dicti 
molendini cum suis pertinentiis juste habere faciatis sine delationesaluo jure cuilibet 
capiendo securitatem de Ixx libris de fermis dictarum terrarum cum quarta parte 
dicti molendini cum suis pertinentiis existentium in manibus nostris per spacium 
septem annorum vltra elapsorum ratione varde que ferme extendentes annuatim ad 
x libras nobis debite et hoc nullo modo omittatis presentibus post annum minime 
valituris teste me ipso apud Edinbrucht octauo die mensis aprilis anno regni nostri 
vigesimo primo We charge you therefor that incontinent thir our lettres sein ye 
pass with the said Jonet or with hir lachfull attornay to the said fovrt pairt lands of 
Kuovclarachy with the fort pairt myll of the samyn and to the half sext pairt lands 
of Garry and to the fovrt pairt lands of Drumdurnotht with thair pertinents and gif 
till hir or thaim heritabill stait and possessioun of the said lands with thair pertinents 
saiffand all vthir mens rychts becauss we haif takin ane honourable man Villiam 
Forbes of crossindavy cautionar and souertie for the byrunning malis of the forsaid 
lands awand to our souerane lord efter the form of his precept derekit to ws thair- 
apoun and this on na vaas ye leif ondoun as ye vill ansuyr to ws apoun the executioun 
of your office the quhilk to do we commyt to you coniunctly and seueraly our full 
povers be this our precept deliuering the samyn be you devly indorsait and execouit 
againe to the berar giffin wnder our seall of office at Aberdein the xvi day of Maij in 
the zer of God ane thousand vc xxxiiij zers Post quarumquidem literarum lecturam 
prefatus Johannes Bessait marus antedictus accessit ad dictam quartam par- 
tem de Kovclarrachy et ibidem super solum earundem per traditionem terre et 
lapidis ut moris est sasinam et possessionem dictarum terrarum quarte partis de 
Kovclarachy cum pertinentiis prefato Patricio Orum atturnato nominato quo supra 
tradidit et deliberauit ipsum Patricium nominatum quo supra in quodam domo dicte 
quarte partis includens igne extincto habitatoribus expulsis investiuit et inclusit 
secundario prefatus marus accessit ad quartam partem molendini de Kbvclarrochy 
et in omnibus fecit similiter tertio dictus marus accessit ad dimediam sexte partis de 
Garry et in omnibus fecit similiter quarto predictus marus accessit ad quartam 
partem terrarum de Drumdurnotht cum suis pertinentiis et in omnibus fecit similiter 
et in signum dicte sasine et possessionis antedictus marus elegit sibi bouem vnum 
nigri coloris cum cornubus albis pertinentem magistro Johanni Smolt tenenti in dicta 



36 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

quarta parte de Drumdurnotht Super quibus omnibus et singulis prefatus Patricius 
Orum dum ut premittitur investitus atturnatus nominatus quo supra a me notario 
publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit instrumentum vnum vel plura publicum vel publica 
Acta erant hec apud Kovclarrachy et molendinum eiusdem et Garry horis decima et 
vndecima ante meridiem vel eo circa et apud Drumdurnacht hora quarta post 
meridiem aut eo circa sub anno die mense indictione et pontificatu quibus supra 
Presentibus ibidem discretis et honestis viris magistro Johanne Gordoun Johanne 
Maky Johanne Covbayn Georgio Leslie Patricio Dauistoun magistro Johanne Smolt 
testibus ad premissa vocatis pariterque rogatis. 

Et ego Willelmus Dauidsoun presbyter Aberdonensis diocesis sancta 
apostolica auctoritate notarius publicus quia etc. 

ABSTRACT OF I. 

Instrument of sasine attesting that on May 18, 1534, Patrick Orum of Cardn- 
davit as "attorney for Jonet Gordoun, daughter of the late George Gordoun," pro- 
duced letters from James, Earl of Moray, Sheriff Principal of Aberdeen, containing 
Crown precept of sasine which enjoined sasine to be given to Jonet Gordoun, as 
legitimate and nearest heir of Elizabeth Wentoun, her mother, of the fourth part of 
Kovclairoquhy with the mill of the same, of the half of the sixth part of Garrye, and 
of the fourth part of Drumdurnotht, and stating that William Forbes of Crossindavy 
had become security for 70 Scots, feuduties resting for seven years ; and that 
accordingly John Bessat, one of the mairs of Aberdeen, gave sasine in presence of 
Mr. John Gordoun, John Maky, John Covbayn, George Leslie, Patrick Davistoun 
and Mr. John Smolt ; the notary being William Davidsoun. 

On the outside of the Instrument is this note: "23 Junij, 1554 product, et 
admiss. in assisa," i.e., " 23 June, 1554, produced and admitted in an assize " evidently 
the assize at which Alexander Forbes was found heir to his mother, Jonet Gordon. 

II. 

In Dei nomine amen per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
evidenter et sit notum quod anno incarnationis dominice millesimo quingentesimo 
sexagesimo mensis vero February die decimo Indictione quarta pontificatus Pij pape 
quarti anno secundo in mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentiis per- 
sonaliter constitutus honestus vir Georgius Gordoun hereditarius de Blairrendenny 
habens et tenens suis in manibus quandam cartam alienationis pergameno scriptam 
cum precepto huiusmodi sasine sub sigillo et subscriptione manuali honesti viri 
Alexandri Forbes sigillatam et subscriptam sibi Georgio Gordoun suisque heredibus 
et assignatis de et super totis et integris quarte partis omnium et singularum terrarum 
de Cokclaroquhy quarte partis ville et terrarum de Nevbiging quarte partis crofte de 
Futty vnacum duabus bovatis terrarum de Garry ac etiam quarte partis molendini 
de Cokclaroquhy nuncupati molendini de Ryalbain cum terris molendinariis et 
astrictis multuris omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum cum universis suis 



COCLARACHIE. 37 

pertinentiis jacentibus in dominio de Drumblait et infra [vicecomitatum de Aberdeen] 
per prefatum Alexandrum Forbes factam et concessam quamquidem cartam vnacum 
precepto sasine discrete viro Andrea Makie balliuo in hac parte dicti Allexandri 
Forbes et in huiusmodi precepto specialiter nominato exhibuit et presentauit qui- 
quidem balliuus dictam cartam cum precepto huiusmodi in manibus suis recepit et 
mihi notario subscripto deliberauit . . . quodquidem preceptum perlegi et exposui 
cuius tenor sequitur subsequenti verborum forma Allexander Forbes portionarius de 
Cokclaroquhy dilectis meis . . . coniunctim et diuisim balliuis meis in hac parte 
specialiter et irrevocabiliter constitutis salutem Quia vendidi et alienavi hereditarie 
. . . Cokclaroquhy suis heredibus et assignatis totam et integram quartam partem 
meam omnium et singularum terrarum et molendini subscriptarum viz. quartam 
partem ville et terrarum de Cokclaroquhy . . . mando quatenus sasinam et posses- 
sionem hereditariam . . . prefato Georgio Gordoun suis heredibus et assignatis . . . 
tradatis . . . sigillum meum proprium est appensum apud Aberdeen septimo die . . . 
Presentibus ibidem . . . Gordoun in Cokclarroquhy Jacobo . . . ibidem Wilhelmo 
Bisset ibidem et Johanne ... in Balquharne testibus ad premissa vocatis . . . 
Et ego vero magister Johannes Grey clericus, etc. 



ABSTRACT OF II. 

Instrument of sasine attesting that on February 10, 1560, "George Gordoun, 
hereditary proprietor of Blairrendenny " produced a charter of sale with precept of 
sasine, dated at Aberdeen February 7, 1560, by "Alexander Forbes, portioner of 
Cokclaroquhy," and received sasine in "the fourth part of the town and lands of 
Cokclaroquhy, the fourth part of the town and lands of Newbiging, the fourth part 
of the croft of Futty, with the two oxgangs of the lands of Garry, as also the fourth 
part of the Mill of Cokclaroquhy, commonly called the Mill of Ryalbane . . . lying 
within the barony of Drumblait and county of Aberdeen " ; in presence of ... 
Gordoun in Cokclaroquhy, James . . . there, William Bisset there, and John . . . 
in Balquharne ; the notary being John Grey. 

The instrument is to a large extent illegible through damp. The charter of 
sale of February 7, 1560, was confirmed under the Great Seal on March 16, 1615 
(Reg. Mag. Sig.}. 

III. 

In Dei nomine amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
evidenter et sit notum quod anno incarnationis dominice millesimo quingentesimo 
octuagesimo septimo mensis vero Decembris die secundo ac regni S.D.N. Jacobi 
sexti Dei gratia Scotorum regis anno. ... In mei notarii publici et testium sub- 
scriptorum presentiis personaliter comparuit Georgius Gordoune de Coclerathie 
tenens et habens suis in manibus quandam cartam nobilis et potentis domini Georgii 
Gordoune comitis de Huntlie etc. preceptum sasine in fine eiusdem continentem 

(i53) 



38 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

sigillo et subscriptione manuali dicti domini Georgii Comitis de Huntlie roboratam 
de data infrascripta per eundem dominum Comitem confectam datam et concessam 
dicto Georgio Gordoune de Coclerathie heredibus suis et assignatis de et super totis 
et integris [terris] quarte partis ville et terrarum de Coclerathie quarte partis de 
Newbiging crofte de Futtie et quarte partis molendini de Coclerathie nuncupati lie 
Myll de Ryalbane et quarte partis multurarum omnium et singularum predictarum 
terrarum et quarte partis silue et nemorum et quarte partis lie Cruikhaiches ex boriale 
partis aque de Bogy jacentis occupate per Joannem Strachin cum universis*et singulis 
suis pertinentiis jacentibus infra dominium de Drumblet et vicecomitatum de Abir- 
den provide viro Jacobo Duncan de Merdrem balliuo dicti domini Georgii Comitis de 
Huntlie in hac parte virtute dicti precepti specialiter constitute exhibuit et presentauit 
Quamquidem cartam preceptum sasine in fine eiusdem continentem prefatus balliuus 
ad manus recepit et mihi notario publico [subscripto] ad perlegendam publicandam 
et interpretandam contulit quam ego etiam ab eodem recipiens eandem . . . alta et 
intelligibili voce perlegi et in vulgari nostro idiomate exposui et publicavi cuiusquidem 
precepti in fine dicte carte [contenti] tenor sequitur et est talis Insuper Jacobo 
Duncane de Merdrem balliuis nostris coniunctim et diuisim presentium tenore 
irreuocabiliter constitutis precipimus et firmiter mandamus quatenus vos seu vestrum 
aliquis ad prefatas terras et molendinum accedat et ibidem per terre et lapidis fundi 
lie clap et happer vt moris donationem statum sasinam et possessionem hereditariam 
realem actualem et corporalem totarum et integrarum illarum quarteriarum seu 
quarte partis ville et terrarum de Coclerathie [etc. as above] prefato Georgio Gor- 
doune de Bleirdenie suis heredibus et assignatis vel ejus procuratori presentium 
latori juxta formam prescripte carte in omnibus et per omnia indilate tradatis vel 
tradat ad quod faciendum nostram plenariam et irreuocabilem tenore presentium 
potestatem In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti carte preceptum sasine in se 
continent! manu nostra vt sequitur subscripte sigillum nostrum proprium est appen- 
sum apud Essilmont vigesimo die mensis Novembris anno domini millesimo quin- 
gentesimo octuagesimo septimo coram his testibus domino Patricio Gordoune de 
Auchindoun milite Jacobo Abircromby et magistro Francisco Cheyne de Crage et sic 
subscribitur George Erll of Huntlie Post cuiusquidem precepti lecturam et publi- 
cationem vt supra dictus Georgius Gordoune dictum Jacobum Duncane balliuum 
antedictum humiliter et cum instantia requisivit etc. . . . et in signum huiusmodi 
possessionis dictus balliuus sibi elegit unam bouem arabilem nigri colons cornuatam 
et appretiari fecit ad nouem liberas pecuniarum huius regni super quibus etc. . . . 
Acta erant hec etc. . . . Presentibus ibidem Joanne Strachin in Balquharne Joanne 
Lyonne in Gerrie Wilhelmo Wat in Coclerathie Joanne Reidfurd illicdem Joanne 
Micheall illicdem et Joanne Gordoune seruitore dicti Jacobi Duncan de Merdrem 
testibus ad premissa rogatis pariterque vocatis. 

Et ego vero Georgius Cheyne clericus diocesis Aberdonensis regali 
auctoritate notarius publicus etc. 



(54) 



COCLARACHIE. 39 

ABSTRACT OF III. 

Instrument of sasine attesting that on December 2, 1587, " George Gordoune 
of Coclerachie " produced a charter (with precept of sasine) by George, Earl of 
Huntly, in favour of said George Gordoune which precept describes the lands as 
"the fourth part of the town and lands of Coclerachie, the fourth part of Newbiging 
and croft of Futtie, and the fourth part of the mill of Coclerachie now called myll of 
Ryalbane, with the mill lands, and the fourth part of the multures of the forsaid 
lands, of the wood and groves, and the fourth part of Cruikit Haiches lying on the 
north side of the water of Bogy occupied by John Strachin," and enjoins sasine to be 
given to " George Gordoune of Bleirdenie," and was signed and sealed at Essilmonth 
on November 20, 1587, before Sir Patrick Gordoune of Auchindoun, James Abir- 
cromby and Mr. Francis Cheyne of Crage and that sasine was given by James 
Duncan of Merdrem, in presence of John Strachin in Balquharne, John Lyonne in 
Gerrie, William Wat in Coclerachie, John Reidfurd there, John Micheall there, and 
John Gordoune, servant to the said James Duncan of Merdrum ; the notary being 
George Cheyne. 

IV. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Georgius Marchio de Huntlie 
Dominus de Enzie et de Gordoun et Badzenot hereditarius proprietarius terrarum 
aliorumque infrascriptorum Salutem in Domino sempiternam. Quia virtute cuiusdem 
contractus initi et confecti inter nos cum consensu et assensu nobilis et potentis 
principis Ludovici Lennocie ducis Comitis de Dernelie Domini de Tarbolton Methuen 
et Aubignay et Georgii domini Gordoun et Francisci Gordoun filiorum nostrorum pro 
eorum interesse super terras aliaque subscripta ab vna et Georgium Gordoun de 
Coclarachie et Elizabetham alias Bessie Duncan ejus sponsam partibus ab altera 
pro summa sex millium marcarum vsualis monete regni Scotie nobis per dictum 
Georgium Gordoun gratanter et integre persoluta predictum Georgium et dictam 
ejus sponsam heredes suos et assignatos in terris aliisque subscriptis modo subse- 
quente infeodare tenemur prout in dicto contractu de data presentium latius con- 
tinetur Noveritis igitur nos cum consensu et assensu personarum suprascriptarum 
dedisse concessisse vendidisse alienasse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse 
. . . memoratis Georgio Gordoun et Elizabethe alias Bessie Duncan ejus sponse 
eorumque alteri diutius viventi in conjuncta infeodatione et heredibus masculis dicti 
Georgii Gordoun et assignatis quibuscunque hereditarie totas et integras terras 
nostras tres quarterias seu quartas partes davate terrarum de Coclarachie viz. ville 
de Coclarachie et crofte vocate crofte de Futtye terrarum de Newbiging et Lytle 
Mylne et tres quarterias nostras molendini de Coclarachie molendini de Ryalebane 
nuncupati terrarum molendinariarum multurarum et sequelorum eiusdem cum 
omnibus et singulis earundem domibus . . . jacentes infra vicecomitatum de Aber- 
dene vnacum decimis garbalibus dictarum trium quarteriarum. . . . Tenendas et 
habendas totas et integras prefatas tres quarterias . . . de me heredibus meis 

(i55) 



40 HOUSE OF GORDON!. 

masculis et assignatis . . . Reddendo inde . . . vsualis monete regni Scotie . . . 
Et nos vero prefatus Georgius Marchio de Huntlie . . . prefatas tres quarterias . . . 
contra omnes mortales varrantizabimus . . . Insuper dilectis meis Johanni Leyth in 
Bucharne et vestrum cuilibet ... In cujus rei testimonium huic carte nostre ex 
chirographo magistri Roberti Bissat scribe manu nostra subscripte sigillum nostrum 
est appensum apud Huntlye vigesimo primo die mensis Maij anno domini millesimo 
sexcentesimo decimo septimo coram his testibus Hugone Gordoun de Cultis Patricio 
Mortimer filio quondam Johannis Mortimer de Cragivar Johanne Andersone in 
Dunbennan et dicto Magistro Roberto Bissat. 

To the charter this note is appended : 

Sasina data 23 Maij 1617 per Johannem Leyth in Bucharne balivum Hugoni 
Gordoun attornato dictarum terrarum inter septimam et octauam matutinam pre- 
sentibus ibidem Alexandro Pyrie Gulielmo Gallan Alexandro Gib in Coclarachie et 
Alexandro Laird servitore dicti Georgii testibus ad premissa vocatis et rogatis. 

M. R. BISSET, notarius publicus. 

ABSTRACT OF IV. 

Charter by George, Marquis of Huntly, in favour of George Gordoun of 
Coclarachie and Elisabeth, alias Bessie, Duncan, his spouse, of the three fourth 
parts of the davach lands of Coclarachie, in implement of a contract of sale of same 
date whereby the said Marquis sold the said lands for 6,000 merks to said George 
Gordon and his spouse, reserving power of redemption. The charter is signed and 
sealed at Huntlye May 21, 1617, in presence of Hugh Gordon of Cultis, Patrick 
Mortimer son of the late John Mortimer of Cragivar, John Andersone in Dunbennan, 
and Mr. Robert Bissat writer of the charter. 



V. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Georgius Gordoune de Coclarachie 
hereditarius proprietarius terrarum aliorumque subscriptorum salutem in Domino 
sempiternam. Quia virtute cujusdem obligationis per me factae datae et concessae 
dilectae meae Bessetae alias Elizabethe Duncan meae sponsae pro causis in eadem 
contentis ipsam in vitali redditu pro toto tempore vitae suae in terris aliisque sub- 
scriptis modo subsequente infeodare teneor prout in dicta obligatione de data apud 
Colpnay septimo die mensis Julii anno domini millesimo sexcentesimo decimo 
septimo latius continetur Noveritis igitur me dedisse concessisse et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmasse . . . memoratae Elizabethe alias Bessie Duncan meae sponsae 
in vitali redditu pro toto tempore vitae suae totam et integram meam quarteriam seu 
quartam partem davatae terrarum de Coclarachie viz. . . . jacentem in baronia de 
Drumblait infra vicecomitatum de Aberdeen Tenendam et habendam . . . Insuper 
dilectis meis ... In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti cartae preceptum sasinae 
in se continenti ex chirographo Magistri Roberti Bisset scribae manu mea subscriptae 

(156) 



COCLARACHIE. 41 

sigillum meum est appensum apud Coclarachie octauo die mensis Augusti anno 
domini millesimo sexcentesimo decimo septimo coram his testibus Alexandro Gordoun 
in Mairdrum meo filio Johanne Gordoun in ... ismilne et dicto Magistro Roberto 
Bisset. 

Alex r Gordoun vitns George gordoune 

Jhon Gordoun vitnes of Coclarachye 

M. R. Bisset witnes 

ABSTRACT OF V. 

Charter by which George Gordon of Coclarachie, being bound, by an obligation 
dated at Colpnay, July 7, 1617, to infeft his beloved spouse, Bessie Duncan, in certain 
lands in liferent, grants to the said Bessie Duncan his fourth part of the lands of 
Coclarachie in liferent. The charter is signed at Coclarachie August 8, 1617, in 
presence of Alexander Gordoun in Mairdrum, his son, John Gordoun in ... and 
Mr Robert Bisset, writer of the charter. 



VI. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Georgius Gordoun de Coclarachie 
proprietarius terrarum molendinorum aliorumque subscriptorum eternam in Domino 
Salutem. Quia virtute contractus matrimonialis initi et confecti inter me pro me 
ipso et onus in me pro Georgio Gordoun nepote meo suscipientem et dictum 
Georgium Gordoun juniorem pro se ipso suoque interesse cum consensu Alexandri 
Gordoun de Merdrum et Magistri Gulielmi Gordoun medicine doctoris cura- 
torum prefati Georgii Gordoun junioris pro eorum interesse dictumque Alexan- 
drum Gordoun de Merdrum pro se ipso jure et titulo suo ab vna et Alexandrum 
Setoun de Petmedden pro se et onus in eum pro Griselda Setoun filia eius legittima 
[suscipientem] dictamque Griseldam pro se et suo interesse partibus ab altera de 
data presentium teneor et astringor prefatum Georgium Gordoun juniorem in 
villis terris molendinis aliisque subscriptis modo et forma infra designatis infeodare 
Noveritis igitur me dictum Georgium Gordoun de Coclarachie pro perimpletione 
illius partis dicti contractus matrimonialis penes hoc infeofamentum conficiendum et 
intuitu dicti matrimonii secundum formam eiusdem contractus dedisse concessisse 
alienasse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse . . . dicto Georgio Gordoun nepoti 
meo et heredibus masculis inter eum et prefatam Griseldam Setoun procreandis 
quibus deficientibus dicto Georgio Gordoun juniori et heredibus suis masculis et 
assignatis quibuscumque omnes et singulas villas et terras meas de Overblairtoun 
alias vocato Colpnay ad boream cum pendiculo eiusdem vocato Vastburne cum 
molendino jam pridem super terris de Overblairtoun edificato cum terris molen- 
dinariis multuris sequelis croftis et pertinentiis earundem villam et terras de Pettens 
cum omnibus earundem domibus . . . jacentes infra baroniam de Baheluie et 
vicecomitatum de Aberdeen Reservando Jeanne Gordoun domine de Crag vitalem 

(i57) X 



42 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

suum redditum terrarum de Pettens cum pertinentiis et dimedii pendiculi terrarum 
de Wastburne juxta titulo quern de iisdem habet (sine periculo vitalis redditus dicte 
Griselde Setoun terrarum de Overblairtoun molendini eiusdem et alterius medii 
pendiculi de Wastburne et croftarum eedem dispositarum virtute dicti contractus) 
necnon totam et integram quartam partem lie Davauche landis de Coclarachie viz. 
. . . jacentem infra baroniam de Drumblaitt et vicecomitatum antedictum necnon 
alias tres quartas partes meas dictarum terrarum vocatarum Davauch landis 
de Coclarachie viz. . . . jacentes infra dictum vicecomitatum de Aberdeen . . . 
Reservando tamen mihi et Bessete Duncan mee sponse vitales nostros redditus totius 
dicte ville et terrarum vocatarum the Davache landis de Coclarachie . . . Et ego 
vero dictus Georgius Gordoun de Coclarachie heredes mei . . . omnes et singulas 
predictas terras . . . (exceptis vitalibus redditibus dicte Jeanne Gordoun et Griselde 
Setoun et annuo redditu dicto Alexandro Gordoun trecentarum marcarum spectanti- 
bus et exceptis vitali meo redditu et predicte mee conjugis terrarum suprascriptarum 
cum pertinentiis vt premissum est) contra omnes mortales warrantizabimus . . . 
Insuper dilectis meis ... In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee preceptum 
sasine in se continenti manu Magistri Gulielmi Barclay advocati scripte manu mea 
subscripte sigillum meum proprium armorum est appensum apud Coclarachie decimo 
septimo die mensis Maii anno domini millesimo sexcentesimo vigesimo nono coram 
his testibus Magistro Roberto Bisset de Lessindrum Alexandro Gordoun de Mardrom 
Johanne Jessiman meo servitore et Magistro Roberto Petrie scriba. 

Alex r Gordoun Vitnes George gordoune 

M. R. Bisset witness M. Robert Petrie witness 

Jhon Jessiman vitnes 

ABSTRACT OF VI. 

Charter by which George Gordoun of Coclarachie (in implement of a marriage 
contract of same date between himself and his grandson George Gordoun, with con- 
sent of Alexander Gordoun of Merdrum and M r William* Gordoun, doctor of medicine' 
as curators of said George Gordoun, junior, on the one part, and Alexander Setoun 
of Petmedden and his daughter, Grissell Setoun, on the other part) grants to George 
Gordoun, his grandson, " the town and lands of Overblairtoun otherwise called 
Colpnay on the north with the pendicle of the same called Vastburne, with the mill 
. . . and the town and lands of Pettens . . . lying within the barony of Baheluie and 
county of Aberdeen (Reserving to Jean Gordoun, lady of Crag, her liferent of the 
lands of Pettens . . . ), as also the fourth part of the davauche lands of Coclarachie 
... as also the other three fourth parts of said davauch lands of Coclarachie . . . 
(Reserving to himself and his spouse, Bessie Duncan, their liferents of said davauch 
lands of Coclarachie)." The charter was written by M r William Barclay, advocate, 
and signed at Coclarachie May 17, 1629, i presence of M r Robert Bisset of Lessin- 
drum, Alexander Gordoun of Mardrom, John Jessiman, servant to George Gordoun, 
senior, and M r Robert Petrie, writer. 

(158) 



COCLARACHIE. 43 

VII. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Georgius Gordone de Coclarachie 
hereditarius proprietarius terrarum aliorumque subscriptorum eternam in domino 
salutem. Noveritis me pro observatione certe partis literarum dispositionis per me 
Grissille Settone mee conjugi in vitali redditu durantibus omnibus sue vite diebus 
de data presentium factarum datarum et concessarum proque causis onerosis inibi 
expressis assedasse . . . prefate Grissille Settone mee conjugi in vitali redditu 
durantibus omnibus sue vite diebus totam et integram quartam partem ville et 
terrarum de Coclarachie quartam partem ville et terrarum de Newbigging quartam 
partem crofte de Futtie cum duabus davatis terrarum de Garrie ac quartam partem 
molendini de Coclarachie nunc vocatum molendinum de Ryalban cum terris molen- 
dinariis . . . jacentes infra dominium de Drumblait et vicecomitatum de Aberdein 
ad me hereditarie spectantes necnon totas et integras meas alias tres quarterias seu 
quartas partes dictarum terrarum de Coclarachie crofte de Futtie Newbigging et 
molendini de Coclarachie . . . jacentes vt supra. . . . Insuper dilectis meis . . . 
In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee manu Andree Massie notarii publici 
scripte manuque mea subscripte sigillum meum proprium armorum est appensum 
apud Aberdein decimo quinto die mensis Decembris anno domini millesimo sexcen- 
tesimo quadragesimo tertio coram his testibus magistro Alexandro Davidsone 
advocato Richardo Rutherfuird burgensi burgi de Aberdein et Andrea Massie 
predicto. 

ABSTRACT OF VII. 

Charter by which George Gordon of Coclarachie (in implement of letters of 
disposition of same date) grants to Grissell Seton, his spouse, his fourth part of 
Coclarachie and also the other three fourth parts, in liferent. The charter was 
signed at Aberdeen, December 15, 1643, in presence of Mr. Alexander Davidson, 
advocate, Richard Rutherfuird, burgess of Aberdeen, and Andrew Massie, notary, 
writer of the charter. 

VIII. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Georgius Gordoune de Cocklarachie 
hereditarius proprietarius terrarum molendini aliorumque subscriptorum salutem in 
domino sempiternam. Noveritis me pro perimpletione mee partis cuiusdam contracti 
matrimonialis inter me ab vna et Elizabetam Fraser relictam quondam Willielmi 
Meldrum de Haltoune ab altera partibus de data presentium initi et confecti virtute 
cuiusquidam contracti dictam Elizabetam Fraser in vitali redditu et pro omnibus sue 
vite diebus in terris molendino aliisque subscriptis modo subsequente infeodare 
teneor igitur dedisse . . . prefate Elizabete Fraser . . . totas et integras tres quar- 
terias davate terrarum de Cocklarachie viz. . . . ac etiam totam et integram illam 

(159) 



44 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

alteram quarteriam seu quartam partem dicte ville et terrarum de Cocklarachie . . . 
tanquam principales necnon totas et integras villas et terras de Altoune et Newtoune 
de Monedies terras et villam de Whytmuire terras et villam de Muireailhous villas 
et terras de Myresyde et villas et terras de Carnehills . . . omnes jacentes infra 
parochiam de Aberchirder et vicecomitatum de Banff et hoc in speciale varrantum 
et securitatem dicte Elizabete Fraser ... In cujus rei testimonium presentibus (per 
Patricium Fraserum scribam Edinburgi scnptis) manu mea subscriptis sigillum 
meum est appensum apud Fraserburghe die mensis tredecimo Decembris anno 
domini millesimo sexcentesimo quadragesimo qumto coram his testibus Alexandro 
Frasero de Philorth Joanne Fraser de Pittulie Joanne Baird clerico vicecomitatus de 
Banff et dicto Patricio Frasero testibus ad premissa vocatis rogatis et requisitis. 



ABSTRACT OF VIII. 

Charter by which George Gordoune of Cocklarachie (being bound by a matri- 
monial contract of same date between himself and Elizabeth Fraser, relict of the 
late William Meldrum of Haltoun, to infeft the said Elizabeth in the liferent of 
certain lands) grants to said Elizabeth Fraser in liferent the three fourth parts of the 
davach lands of Cocklarachie . . . and also the other fourth part ... as the principal 
lands, and also, as warrandice lands, "the towns and lands of Altoune and Newtoune 
of Monedies, the town and lands of Whytmuire, the town and lands of Muireailhous, 
the towns and lands of Myresyde, and the towns and lands of Carnehills ... all 
lying within the parish of Aberchirder and county of Banff". The charter was 
signed at Fraserburgh, December 13, 1645, in presence of Alexander Fraser of 
Philorth, John Fraser of Pittulie, John Baird, sheriff clerk of Banff, and Patrick 
Fraser, writer, Edinburgh, writer of the charter. 



IX.. 

In Dei nomine amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
evidenter et sit notum quod anno incarnationis dominice millesimo sexcentesimo 
sexagesimo quarto mensis vero Maii die vigesimo quarto regnique S. D. N. Caroli 
secundi Dei gratia Magne Britanie Francie et Hibernie regis illustrissimi fideique 
defensoris anno decimo sexto In mei notarii public! ac testium subscriptorum 
presentia in fundis terrarum molendini terrarum molendinariarum aliorumque sub- 
tusscriptorum personaliter comparuit Petrus Chalmer servitor Elisabethe Fraser 
domine de Cocklarachie procurator pro et nomine Issabelle Meldrum filie legittime 
quondam Willielmi Meldrum aliquando de Haltoun habens et tenens suis in manibus 
quendam contractum matrimonialem initum et confectum inter Johannem Forbes 
de Asloune pro seipso et onus in se suscipientem pro Willielmo Forbes ejus filio 
legittimo natu maximo et dictum Willielmum Forbes pro seipso cum speciali con- 
sensu memorati Johannis Forbes sui patris et utrumque cum uno consensu et assensu 

(160) 



COCLARACHIE. 45 

ab vna et dictam Issabellam Meldrum ab altera partibus de data apud Cocklarachie 
sexto die Maii proximo elapso Quis contractus continet preceptum sasine subinsertum 
in fine ejusdem. . . . Quemquidem contractum . . . prefatus Petrus Chalmer. . . . 
Waltero Forbes de Blacktoun balivo in hac parte per dictum preceptum specialiter 
constituto presentavit . . . cujus precepti sasine saltern partis hujus in favorem 
dicte Issabelle tenor sequitur et est talis And for infefting of the said Isabell 
Meldrum in her conjunct fee and warrandice lands particularlie aboverehearsed, the 
said John Forbes, elder of Asloun hes made . . . Walter Forbes of Blacktoun . . . 
his baillies in that pairt requyring and desyring them ... to passe . . . and give 
and deliver . . . possession of the saids ten chalders victuall besyds the customes 
(reserving two chalders of the saids ten in maner abovementioned) yeirlie to be 
uplifted foorth of the saids toifnes and lands of Dorrisaill, the Muir Badinapeat, the 
croft called the Brigend of Alfoord and of that pleughe of the Maynes called the 
Overtoun, and in speciall warrandice of the samen, of so much rent foorth of the 
saids lands and Maynes of Asloun and miln of the samen with the miln ... as will 
be answerable and equivalent to any prejudice or distres the said William Forbes 
or Issabell Meldrum his said future spous shall sustayne during her lyfetyme through 
want of any pairt or portioun of her lyferent lands abovewritten, to the said Issabell 
Meldrum. ... In witnes whereoff both the saids parties have subscribed thir 
presents with their hands (writtin be Alexander Cuie, servitor to Robert Sharp, 
shereff clerk of Banff) day yeir and place forsaids befor thir witnesses Adam Forbes 
late tutor of Brux and John Forbes and James Miln servitors to the said Elisabeth 
Fraser. . . . Post cujusquidem contractus . . . perlecturam etc. . . . Coram his 
testibus Roberto Forbes filio legittimo dicti Johannis Forbes de Asloun Petro 
Taylior in Asloun Willielmo Greinlaw servitore dicti Willielmi Forbes et Waltero 
Innes servitore dicti Walteri Forbes de Blacktoun et diversis aliis ad premissa rogatis 
et requisitis. 

Ego vero Walterus Simson clericus Aberdonensis diocesis . . . 
notarius publicus etc. 



ABSTRACT OF IX. 

Instrument of sasine attesting that on May 24, 1664, Peter Chalmer, servant 
of Elisabeth Fraser, lady of Cocklarachie, as procurator for Issabella Meldrum, lawful 
daughter of the late William Meldrum of Haltoun, produced a matrimonial contract 
(dated at Cocklarachie, May 6, 1664) between John Forbes of Asloune and William 
Forbes, his eldest lawful son, on the one part, and the said Issabella Meldrum, on 
the other part, by which she is to be liferented in ten chalders victuall of Dorrisaill, 
Muir Badinapeat, the croft called the Brigend of Alfoord, and of that pleughe of the 
Mayns called the Overtoun, and in special warrandice, in so much rent of the Mains 
of Asloun and mill thereof as will be equivalent to any prejudice sustained by want 
of any part of her liferent lands; and that Walter Forbes of Blacktoun, as bailie, 
gave sasine in common form, in presence of Robert Forbes, lawful son of said John 

(161) 



46 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Forbes of Asloun, Peter Taylor in Asloun, William Greinlaw servant of said William 
Forbes, Walter Innes servant of said Walter Forbes of Blacktoun, and other 
witnesses ; the notary being Walter Simson. 



X. 

In Dei nomine amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
evidenter et sit notum quod anno incarnationis dominice millesimo sexcentesimo 
septuagesimo nono mensis vero Decembris die decimo sexto et anno regni S. D. N. 
Caroli secundi Dei gratia Magne Britannic Francie et Hibernie regis fideique defen- 
soris trigesimo primo In mei notarii publici subscribehtis et testium subscriptorum 
presentiis personaliter comparuit egregius vir Georgius Keith de Northfeild tanquam 
actornatus et in nomine Anne Baird filie legitime honorabilis viri domini Jacobi Baird 
de Auchmedden militis et sponse apparentis honorabilis etiam viri Johannis Gordon 
de Cocklarachie . . . et accessit unacum discreto viro Johanne Symson in Cocklar- 
achie balivo in hac parte dictorum Johannis Gordon et Elizabethe Fraser domine de 
Cocklarachie ejus matris per preceptum sasine subscriptum ad effectum subtus- 
mentionatum specialiter constitute ad solum et fundum terrarum aliorumque sub- 
scriptorum habens et suis in manibus tenens quendam contractual matrimonialem 
initum et confectum inter dictum Johannem Gordon cum speciali avisamento et 
consensu dicte Elizabethe Fraser sue matris pro omni jure vitalis redditus. . . . 
et dictam Elizabethan! pro seipsa et eos unanimi consensu et assensu ab una et 
dictum dominum Jacobum Baird et Jacobum Baird de Auchmedden juniorem ejus 
filium legitimum natu maximum pro seipsis et onus in se suscipientes pro dicta Anna 
Baird et eandem Annam pro seipsa cum dicti sui patris et fratris consensu partibus ab 
altera datum apud Auchmedden et Cocklarachie tertio et decimo quinto diebus mensis 
Decembris instantis virtute cujus contractus dicti Johannes Gordon et Elizabetha 
Fraser contemplatione matrimonii tune contracti brevique (Deo juvante) solem- 
nizandi inter dictum Johannem Gordon et Annam Baird dictam Annam in conjuncta 
infeodatione et vitali redditu durantibus omnibus sue vite diebus in totis et integris 
terris aliisque subscriptis viz. . . . infeodare tenentur . . . quemquidem contractum 
matrimonialem preceptum sasine in se continentem dictus Georgius Keith . . . dicto 
Johanni Symson . . . exhibuit et presentavit . . . cujus precepti sasine tenor sequitur 
et est talis Attoure to the effect the said Anna Baird may be infeft and saised in the 
lands and uthers abovewriten . . . the said John Gordon and Elizabeth Fraser . . . 
hes made and constitute . . . John Symson in Cocklarachie . . . their balzies in 
that part commanding and requiring them ... to passe and give and deliver state 
and saising ... off all and haill the said two pleughes off land off the mayns off 
Cocklarachie, the pleughe off land off Meikletowne, the towne and lands off Fittie, 
the towne and lands off Coulles and haughe bewest the water off Bogie, the pleughe 
off land off Litlemilne with the newmilne off Cocklarachie milnelands multurs and 
sequelles theroff, the two crofts besyde the stainiewarde and Broomhill croft . . . 
to the said Anna Baird in lyffrent . . . reserving alwayes to the said Elizabeth Fraser 

(162) 



COCLARACHIE. 47 

her lyffrent off the said pleughe off land off Litlemilne, milne and milnelands off 
Cocklarachie, two crofts besyde the staniewarde and Broomhill croft. . . . Inwitnesse 
wheroff thir presents (written be John Urquhart servitor to the said Sir James 
Baird) are subscryved be bothe the saids parties with ther hands place day moneth 
and year off God respective abovewriten before thir witnesses Alexander master off 
Salton Alexander Bisset off Lessindrum James Gordon off Ardmellie William 
Symson notar publick in Turreff and the said John Urquhart George Keith off 
Northfield James Baird sone lawful to the said James Baird and John Symson 
servitor to the said John Gordon. . . . Presentibus ibidem Roberto Duncan in 
Boigheid Johanne Young Thoma Skinner Georgio Mill Alexandro Browster et 
Johanne Ogston in Cocklarachie testibus ad premissa rogatis et requisitis. 

Et ego vero Gulielmus Symson clericus Aberdonensis diocesis notarius 
publicus etc. 

ABSTRACT OF X. 

Instrument of sasine attesting that on December 16, 1679, George Keith of 
Northfield, as procurator for Anna Baird, daughter of Sir James Baird of Auch- 
medden, produced a matrimonial contract (dated at Auchmedden and Coclarachie 
December 3 and 15, 1679, and witnessed as above) between John Gordon of Cqc- 
larachie and his mother, Elizabeth Fraser, on the one part, and Sir James Baird of 
Auchmedden, and James Baird, junior of Auchmedden, his eldest lawful son, and 
Anna Baird, on the other part, whereby the said John Gordon bound himself 
to infeft the said Anna Baird, his apparent spouse, in liferent in certain lands of 
Coclarachie ; and that John Symson in Cocklarachie, as bailie, gave sasine in 
common form in presence of Robert Duncan in Boigheid, John Young, Thomas 
Skinner, George Mill, Alexander Browster and John Ogston in Cocklarachie; the 
notary being William Symson. 


XL 

Marriage Contract between Alexander Leslie of Little Wartle and Janet Gordon, 
September 26, 1696. 

At Coclarachie, September 26, 1696 years, it is aggreed finally ended and matri- 
monially contracted betwixt the parties following they are to say Alexander Lessly 
of Litle Wartle as haveing the undoubted heretable right of the lands and others 
underwrytten with the pertinents for himself on the one pairt and Mris. Jannet 
Gordone sister german to John Gordone of Coclarachie her brother for herself with 
his consent and he as takeing the sole burden on him for her and also with the 
speciall advyce and consent of Alexander Gordone of Auchintoule and James 
Gordone of Ardmeallie her other two brothers on the other pairt in manner . . . 
following ... In contemplatione of whilk marriage . . . the said John Gordone be 
thir presents binds . . . him ... to ... pay ... to the said Alexander Lessley . . . 

(163) 



48 HOUSfe OF GORDON. 

the soume of three thousand merks . . . whilk soume . . . are accepted ... in full 
contentatione and satisfactione to them of all bonds of provisione bairns pairt of gear 
deads third or other provisione naturall that they or ayther of them can ask or crave 
anie manner of way from the said John Gordone be or throw his deceis or be deceis of 
umquhill George Gordone of Coclarachie his father or umquhill Elizabeth Fraser 
his mother or be deceis of Charles Gordone his brother or ani wayes whatsomever 
... In witness wherof both the saids parties have subscribed thir presents with their 
hands (written be James Gordon second sone to William Gordone of Westseat) day 
moneth place and year of God abovewritten befor thir witnesses, M r James Lessly 
eldest lawfull sone to M r Alexander Lessly minister at Croill and the said William 
and James Gordone wrytter heirof. 

XII. 

Marriage contract between James Lunan and Anna Gordon, May 29 and 30, 
1712. 

At Logic and Culclarachie the twenty nynt and threttie day of May respective 
sevintein hundreth and tuelve yeires it is apoynted matrimonially contracted . . . 
betuixt the pairties following they are to say Master James Lunend eldest lawfull 
son to Master Alexander Lunend preacher of the Gospell att Daviot heretable 
proprietour of the lands teinds and others vnderwritten with advyce and consent of 
his said father and of Janet Elphingstoun his mother for all ryght of lyfrent . . . 
and the said Master Alexander Lunend as taikand burden on him for his said son 
and spous abovenamed and they all with one consent on the ane pairt and Mris. 
Anna Gordon second lawfull dochter to John Gordon of Culclarachie for herself with 
consent of her said father and he taikand burden in and upon him for his said 
dochter and they both with one consent on the other pairt in maner . . . following 
... in contemplation of quhilk marriage . . . the said Master Alexander Lunend 
. . . binds . . . him to ... saise the said Master James Lunend his eldest lawfull 
son and the said Mris. Ann Gordon his futur spous ... in the westsyd of the lands 
of Kirktown of Daviot . . . and also ... in the eastsyd of the said Kirktown of 
Daviot . . . lying within the parochen of Daviot and sherefdom of Aberdeen as also 
the libertie of ane weikly mercatt to be holden att the said Kirktown of Daviot and 
of ane yeirly fair or mercatt ther to be holden at St. Colme's day . . . Attoure . . . 
the said Master Alexander Lunen hes made . . . Alexander Gordon of Caldwells 
. . . his baillies in that pairt ... In witness wheroff both the saids parties have 
subscribed thir presents with ther hands (written be William Gordon of Westseat) 
day moneth places and yeir of God abovewritten befor thir witnesses . . . Sir James 
Elphingstoun of Logic Patrick Lunen lawfull son to the said Mr Alexander Lunen . . . 
Sir Samuel Forbes of Foveran Robert Crookshank gardner at Culclarachie and the 
said William Gordon wryter forsaid. 



(164) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



GIGHT. 



JOHN MALCOLM BULLOCH, M.A. 



NEW SPALDING CLUB. 

Y 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

THE great source of information about the Gight Gordons is 
the Privy Council Register, and the importance of the family 
is so great, and their lawlessness is so vividly described there, 
that I have not hesitated to quote at length. The Balbithan 
MS. contains a good account of the family (pp. 15-8). Dr. 
Temple in his Thanage of Fermartyn (pp. 72-8) gives a deduc- 
tion based on the Balbithan MS. I have consulted a great 
many other authorities, who will be found cited in the course 
of the history, which is an enlargement of two different sets 
of articles contributed by me to the Aberdeen Free Press, 
November n, 18 and 25, December 21, 1898, and March 25, 

1899, to Scottish Notes and Queries, February, iSgg-February, 

1900. I have been unable to discover the whereabouts of the 
contents of the Gight charter chest. I am indebted for help to 
Rev. Dr. Temple, Mr. Murray Rose, Rev. Dr. Milne, Fyvie ; 
Mr. A. M. Munro, Aberdeen ; and others, notably Rev. Stephen 
Ree, Boharm ; and Captain Wimberley, Inverness, who have 
read the proof sheets a very laborious task. I have dealt in 
a more or less narrative fashion with the two most famous 
members of the family, Colonel John Gordon, who was im- 
plicated in the assassination of Wallenstein, 1634, and Colonel 
Nathaniel Gordon, the Royalist, who was executed at St. 
Andrews, 1 646. 

J. M. B. 
118 PALL MALL, S.W., 

September 29, 1902. 

(167) 



THE LAIRDS OF GIGHT. 

GEORGE GORDON, 2nd Earl of Huntly = PRINCESS ANNABELLA STUART. 

SIR WILLIAM GORDON, I. of Gight. 

j 

I I I, 

GEORGE, II. JAMES, of Cairnbannoch. JOHN, IV. of Gight. 

I I I 

GEORGE, III. JOHN. WILLIAM, V. 

(now represented by | | 

several peers). COLONEL JOHN, GEORGE, VI. 

Assassinated Wallenstein. | 

GEORGE, VII. 

I 
GEORGE, VIII. 

GEORGE IX. 

I 
ALEXANDER DAVIDSON = MARIE GORDON, X. 



of Newton. 



of Gight. 



ALEXANDER GORDON, XI, 
GEORGE GORDON, XII. 

CATHERINE GORDON (Mrs. Byron), 
XIII., last of Gight, died 1811. 



(168) 



G I G H T. 

THE lands of Gight lie in the parish of Fyvie. The name " Gight " is 
possibly derived from the Gaelic word Gaothach, pronounced " Ghuach," 
meaning a windy place. Locally it is pronounced " Gecht ". The lands 
have been held by two different branches of the Gordons since 1467. 
In that year they came into the possession of Sir William Gordon, 
third son of George, second Earl of Huntly, and were held by his 
descendants until 1787, when they were sold to the third Earl of 
Aberdeen, representing the Gordons of Haddo, who are descended from 
"Jock " Gordon of Scurdargue, the natural cousin of Elizabeth Gordon 
who was the founder of the House of Huntly. The Gight Gordons 
have gained more notoriety than almost any other cadet in view of the 
fact that Lord Byron represented their line, and by reason of their 
extraordinary spirit of revolt which was exemplified in the poet's strange 
career, and is summed up in a number of well-known " frets " : 

(1) Twa men sat down by Ythan Brae : 
The ane did to the ither say 

"And what sic men may the Gordons o' 
Gight hae been ? " 

(2) When the heron leaves the tree 
The laird o' Gight shall landless be. 

(3) At Gight three men a violent death sail dee, 
And efter that the land shall lie in lea. 

The career of the first branch, which ended with the "unlucky" number, 
the thirteenth laird, was certainly crowded with murder and sudden 
death ; and from first to last was dominated by a spirit of revolt against 
the established order of things unequalled in the history of any other 
branch of the House of Gordon. Consequently, the career of the Gight 
family has been a happy hunting-ground for the modern theorists on 

(169) 



O HOUSE OF GORDON. 

"degeneracy," and a great deal has been written about the family, 
though, curiously enough, this is almost the first chapter-and-date 
investigation. It must however be admitted that in the case of the 
Gight Gordons, history completely verifies the traditionary character 
of the family. One may sum up the disasters which attacked the 
family in tabular form, so that the reader may see at a glance what 
to expect. 

The ist Laird of Gight fell at Flodden. 
One son killed at Pinkie (?). 
One son-in-law was murdered. 
One son-in-law fell at Pinkie. 

Three grandsons (including the 3rd Laird) were murdered. 
One grandson was executed. 
One grandson was drowned. 
One grandson fell in Holland. 
One grandson fell in Flanders. 

One grand-daughter's husband was murdered (by her own brother). 
Two great-grandsons were murdered. 
One great-grandson assassinated Wallenstein. 
One great-grandson fell in Holland. 
One great-grandson died in prison. 
One great-grand-daughter's husband was poisoned. 
One great-grand-daughter was arrested for an assault (on a man). 
One great-grand-daughter was excommunicated. 
One great great-grandson decamped to Germany. 
One great great-grandson was murdered. 
One great great-grandson was executed. 
One great great-grandson was killed in Paris (?). 

One great great great-grandson (8th Laird) besieged his own mother's house. 
The nth Laird (great-grandson of the 8th) was drowned (? suicide). 

His son, 

The i2th Laird, was drowned (? suicide). It was his daughter, 
The i3th and last Laird, who married Captain Byron. 

The house of Gight, which is now a complete ruin, stands most 
picturesquely on the brink of a rocky eminence, looking down upon the 
beautiful valley of the river Ythan. I cannot say exactly when the 
house became a ruin. In May, 1644, the Covenanters had done much 
to destroy it, as related by Spalding (The Trubles, Spalding Club 
Edition, ii., 369): 

(170) 



GIGHT. 7 

Thay [the Covenanters] tuke out the staitlie insicht and plenishing, sic as 
bedding, naiprie, veschell caldrouns, chandleris, fyre veschell, quhairof thair wes 
plenty ; kistis, cofferis, cabinetis, trvnkis, and all vther plenishing and armour 
(quhairof thair wes [of course] plentie . . .), quhilk thay could get careit on horss or 
foot, bot wes takin away south : togidder with the haill oxin, nolt, ky, horss, meiris, 
and scheip, quhilkis war vpone the said Maynes of Haddoche and Geicht, and not 
ane four footed best left that thay could get. When thir commodeteis wes plunderit 
and spolzeit, then thay began to wirk vpone the tymber warkis quhilkis war fixt, and 
thair thay cruellie brak doun the wanescot burdes, bedis, capalmries, tymber wallis, 
sylring, toome girnellis and the lyk, and maid fyre of all. Thay took out the iron 
yettis, iron stauncheouns of windois, brak doun the glassin windois and left nather 
yett, dur, nor wyndo onbrokin doun ; and, in effect, left thame desolat befoir thay 
removit. 

This was not the final finishing of the house ; but I suspect that the 
actual decay of the place began during the absences of Mrs. Byron's 
grandmother in Banff and of her father in England. That the place 
was going to rack and ruin during his ownership is shown by the 
observation of the writer of the article on Fyvie in the new Statistical 
Account (1845). He says : 

The burial place of the family of Gordon of Gight is in the parish churchyard. 
Formerly it was within the old church, and, upon the new church being built, my 
predecessor acquainted the Honourable Mrs. Byron of the altered situation in which 
it stood as being now exposed ; and put in her view the propriety of raising some 
protection round it, but without success. 

In Byron's time the castle was in ruins, for he described it in 
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (canto iii., stanza 47) as 

Worn, but unstooping to the baser crowd, 

All tenantless save to the crannying wind, 

Or holding dark communion with the cloud. 

There was a day when they were young and proud ; 

Banners on high and battles passed below ; 

But they who fought are in a bloody shroud, 

And those which waved are shredless dust ere now, 

And the bleak battlements shall bear no future blow. 

Sir William Allan, M.P., in the Rose of^Methlic, describes the ruins 

thus: 

Like some old eagle's barren nest, 
High perched upon a rocky crest, 
The ruined castle, grim and grey, 
Still beautiful in cold decay, 
Looks down upon the glen beneath, 
In silent majesty of death. 



8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

They were described in Sir Andrew Leith Hay's Castellated Architecture 
ofAberdeenshire; they were pictured by Mrs. J. B. Pratt in her husband's 
book on Buchan (1858). There is an excellent ground-plan of Gight 
Castle in Macgibbon and Ross's Castellated and Domestic Architecture of 
Scotland, 1888 (i., 322). The writers say: 

The plan of the ground floor is well preserved, and is somewhat remarkable. 
It is on the L plan, but the door enters in the centre of one limb, and has a long 
passage running right through the building to the staircase, which is in the centre of 
the back wall. The same arrangement may be observed at Craig Castle. From a 
bend in the passage a shot-hole commands the entrance door. In the vault of the 
lobby adjoining the door there is a small compartment of ribbed and groined vaulting, 
which is a feature peculiar to several castles in Aberdeenshire. The kitchen has the 
usual large fire-place, and a service window to the stair. The other compartments, 
which are vaulted, were bakehouse and cellars, one having the private stair down 
from the hall. The hall, which occupies the principal portion of the building on the 
first floor, was a spacious apartment, 37 ft. by 21 ft. It is entered in a peculiar 
manner, by a stair through one of the window recesses, the stair to the cellar, which 
was also continued up to the upper floors, also entering from a similar door in the 
opposite side of the window recess. A small vaulted room is obtained between the 
hall and the private room, and the walls of the latter are riddled with wall chambers 
in the manner common in the fifteenth century. From the thickness of the walls, 
and the number of wall chambers and other features, this castle evidently belongs 
to the fifteenth century, although probably it was remodelled at a later date. The 
remains of the tympanum of a dormer window still existing seem to point to this. 

One of the most recent descriptions of the ruin appears in a notable 
parish history, Methlick, Haddo House, Gight, and the Valley of the Ythan, 
1899, which was written co-operatively by members of the Methlick 
Free Church Guild. Mr. Alexander Keith, the editor of this volume, 
in describing the ruins (pp. 67-75), which are illustrated by wash 
drawings by Mr. David West, says : 

The part of the castle in best preservation is the doorway, formed of large 
dressed stones. Immediately above is a recess, where formerly had been the family 
coat of arms. Entering into the small dark porch, the visitor has his attention 
arrested by the finely groined arch, with the keystone in the centre. This stone [is] 
ornamented with symbols of Christ's passion and death. On the lower face, the 
pierced heart, surrounded by the crown of thorns, can be readily made out, while 
less clearly, on the sides, may be discovered the pierced hands and feet, the ladder, 
the hammer, the nails, the spear, and the reed. Facing the doorway is a large room, 
with an opening in the wall directly opposite the entrance door of the castle. On 
the left is the kitchen with its huge chimney. . . . Proceeding up, either over the 
ruins of what had once been a large circular staircase, or by the remains of a smaller 



GIGHf. 9 

and shorter stair, the great hall of the castle is reached, which had on its west side, 
where attack was least likely to be made, a large window. Amid the wrack and ruin 
... it is impossible to form an adequate idea of the appearance of the structure in 
its resplendent days. On the level of the hall [which is 37 ft. by 21 ft.] will be 
observed a triangular structure, consisting of three dressed stones, and surmounted 
by an ornamental carving. On the middle stone is a cross, and on the lowest are 
carved the letters M. A. R., with a heart pierced by a sword at the extreme base. 
This is commonly supposed to have been the upper portion of a dormer window, the 
remains of a private chapel or oratory dedicated to the Virgin. [This seems to have 
been the chapel which the General Assembly had ordered to be demolished in 1608.] 

The Arms of Gordon of Gight, as recorded 1775, are : Quarterly : 

1 and 4, Azure, a mullet argent between three boars' heads couped or ; 

2 and 3, Azure, on a fess engrailed between three pheons argent a buck's 
head erased of the field. Crest : a buck's head and neck affrontee issuing 
out of the crest wreath, charged on the breast with a star argent. 
Motto : " Bydand ". 



SIR WILLIAM GORDON, I. OF GIGHT. 
(Killed at Flodden, 1513.) 

Sir William Gordon, first of the House of Gight, was the third 
son of George, second Earl of Huntly (died 1500), by his second wife, 
Princess Annabella Stuart, daughter of James I. of Scotland. She 
had been married to Lewis, Count of Geneva, son of Lewis, Duke of 
Savoy, but the marriage was dissolved owing to the intrigues of the 
French King. She married Huntly in 1459, an< ^ was divorced from 
him under Papal law in 1471. 

The estate of Schives had belonged to the old family of Maitland. 
Sir Patrick Maitland died, leaving two sisters, Elizabeth and Janet. 
The second Earl of Huntly financed them, and they resigned Schives in 
his favour, as will be seen by the following documents now in the 
charter chest of Ellon Castle (transcribed by Mr. Murray Rose) : 

1467. May 25. Elizabeth and Janet Maitland, sisters, heirs of Sir Patrick 
Maitland of Netherdale, become bound and " oblist till ane noble and michte lord, 
our deirist lord George Lord Gordon, master of Huntlie [afterwards 2nd Earl of 
Huntly], for his gret lordschips favour in maintenance, supply and help done till us 
in supplying, helping and following and recovery of our said fadyr heritage . . . and 

(173) Z 



10 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

alsua for ye helping and furthering of us till oure marriages and for gret somys of 
gold, silvuyr and other moveabils, gudes giffine till us ... for the gret costs, 
expensis, travils, and labouris which the said lord has made. . . ." When they are 
infeft in their father's property they will make resignation thereof in the favour of 
Huntly. Dated at Methlick. 

1467. June 12. Resignation of Janet Maitland, in pursuance of the above 
bond, of the lands in the hands of the king as superior. Dated at Methlick. 

1467. June 12. The Royal Charter following on last, to George, Lord Gordon 
of Gight, Naterdale, Pettinbrinzeane and Drumnaketh. Dated at Perth. 

The Balbithan MS. account of the whole affair runs : 
Sir Patrick Maitland Barron of Gight and Sheeves leaving only three [only 
two are mentioned in the charters] Daughters, Earle George got the gift of the 
Ward of their marriage, and his said third son William Gordon not being willing to 
marry any of the three daughters, Earl George provided them of other Husbands, 
with whom he transacted for the Lands of Gight and Sheeves, which he gave to his 
son the said William. 

The elder daughter Elizabeth is stated (Temple's Thanage of Fer- 
martyn, p. 308) to have married "Jock" Gordon of Scurdargue, but the 
dates seem to suggest that "Jock's" consort was at least the aunt of 
Elizabeth mentioned in the charter of 1467. In the Sir Name of Baird 
(1870, p. 13) we are told that Huntly gave the other daughter, Janet 
Maitland, in marriage to her cousin-german, Thomas Baird, and with 
her the lands of Drumnaketh, Pettinbrinzeane and others in the Boyne, 
and several lands, fishings and houses about Banff, " particularly the 
lodging formerly belonging to Lord Airly and now to Lord Fife ". 
This Maitland-Baird marriage, according to the same authority, took 
place in 1490, " and is instructed by the following writs " : 

1505. April ii. Discharge: Thomas Baird and Janet Maitland, his spouse, 
to William Gordon of Gight, upon the payment of 3,000 merks in lieu of claims. 

1506. Charter by George, Earl of Huntly, upon the lands of Drumnaketh, etc., 
to Thomas Baird and Janet Maitland, his spouse. 

The Maitlands retained some hold on the lands of Schives, 1 for 
they received a charter of infeftment from the king on July 6, 1672 

1 There is much difficulty in distinguishing Gight from Schives, the land and barony of 
which is described in 1582 as the " dominical lands of the manor of Gight " with various 
other lands. The difficulty is increased by this reference. Captain Wimberley suggests that 
the barony may have been divided into at least two parts, distinct from the superiority. He 
asks: " If Lord Aboyne acquired the whole barony, how and when did the Maitlands get it 
to sell ? " 

(174) 



GIGHT. II 

(Acts of Parliament). On August 3, 1674, Sir Richard Maitland of 
Pitrichie, one of the Senators of the College of Justice, and his son, Sir 
Richard (as noted in the Records of Aboyne, p. 337), entered into a con- 
tract with Charles, Earl of Aboyne, whereby they sold to him the lands 
and barony of Gight, or Schivas, and, in terms of that contract, they 
resigned the lands. Thereupon Charles II. granted a charter under 
the Great Seal of the lands and barony of Gight in favour of the Earl 
of Aboyne, dated Edinburgh, August 4, 1675. On May 31, 1678, Sir 
Richard (the second) was served heir to his father, the Senator, in 
(among other places) the shady third part of Newton of Schivas, with 
the pertinents called Skillmanee, which lands were held " immediately 
in chief of Sir George Gordon of Gight and Robert Irvine of Fedderet, 
or either of them ... in feu farm and heritage for yearly payment of 
40 shillings Scots at two terms in the year ". He also held the double 
part of the towns and lands of Auchincrive from the same owners 
(Antiq. Aberdeen and Banff, iii., 76). On January 28, 1681, Charles 
Maitland was served heir to his brother, Sir Richard, in the lands and 
barony of Gight, with the tower, fort, manor place and tithes, which 
were all held in chief of the king in free barony and heritage perpetually 
(Ibid., iii., 559). 

On October 8, 1479, Huntly gave the estate of Gight to his second 
son, Adam, who married Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland, and who 
founded the Gordon line of the Sutherland family. Huntly dated a 
charter " apud le Geych " on May 4, 1481 (Ibid., ii., 271). Adam 
exchanged Gight for Aboyne with his younger brother, William 
("familiaris armiger"), on November i, 1490: 

Rex confirmavit cartam Georgei comitis de Huntlee et dom. de Badienach 
[qua pro filiali affectione etc. concessit filio suo carnali Willelmo Gordoun terras 
et baroniam de Scheves cum juribus et pertinentiis vie. Abirdene quas Adam 
Gordoun filius carnalis ejusdem comitis, in excambium quarundam terrarum baronie 
de Oboyne, vie. predict, in manus dicti comitis personaliter resignavit. Tenend. 
dicto Wil et heredibus ejus masculis de corpore legitime procreatis, quibus deficien- 
tibus heredibus dicti comitis quibuscunque reversuras. Faciend. regi servitium 
forinsecum quantum de terris et baronia de Scheves pertinet, et dicto comiti tres 
sectas ad tria placita capitalia de Huntlee apud principale messuagium ejusdem, 
necnon debita et consueta servitia]. Test. Alex, dom de Gordoun, David Ogilvy de 
Tolmad, Pat. Grantuly, rectore de Glas, .John Andree, vicario de Botary, And. 
Frasare et And. Nesbit : Apud Huntlee, 2 Oct., 1490 (Great Seal). 



12 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Another stage in the history of the estate was when Lord Huntly 
resigned Schivas, for on May 16, 1498, the king confirmed William's 
charter, settling the estate on him ; failing him, on his brother, James ; 
and failing him, on the earl and his heirs. 

On January 4, 1510-1 (Great Seal), the king again confirmed the 
charter by William Gordon and Jonete Ogilvy, his wife (mentioned 
here for the first time). 

On December 6, 1512, the king confirmed the charter by which 
William sold to Alexander Gray, burgess of Aberdeen, the lands of 
Newton of Schivas (Ibid.). This deal may explain the fact that Sir 
William was elected a burgess of Aberdeen in 1511-2, along with Robert 
Anthone, tailor (Miscellany of the New Spalding Club, p. 45). It shows 
that William was borrowing money and that the worthy burgess of 
Aberdeen had money to lend. 

On November 24, 1506, there is a deed of sasine in favour of John 
Gordon, son and heir of John Gordon, of Lungar, on charter of William 
Gordon of Schivas, of the lands of Petnagoak, in the barony of Schivas 
(Index to the Parkhill Charters, quoted in Temple's Thanage ofFermartyn, 
p. 309). 

On May 2, 1508, William Gordon of Schivas was one of the 
witnesses to the protest of John, Earl of Crawford, respecting the lands 
of Park and Kellie. 

Sir William Gordon, with his brothers, the Earl of Huntly and 
Lord Adam, fought at Flodden (September, 1513). Adam fled from 
the field ; Sir William was found among the dead (Earls of Sutherland, 
p. 86). 

He married Janet Ogilvie (who was alive in 1511), daughter of the 
laird of Boyne, " with whom he begat three sons and a daughter " 
(Balbithan MS., p. 15). 1 suggest another son and another daughter : 

1. GEORGE, II. of Gight. 

2. JAMES of Cairnbannoch. The Balbithan MS. makes James the third laird, 
but I cannot get corroborative evidence from official documents. As showing 
the difficulty of describing definitely the succession of the third and fourth 
lairds of Gight, the following statement (which contradicts itself) from the 
Familie of Innes (p. 248) concerning Colonel John Gordon, who helped to 
assassinate Wallenstein, may be quoted : 

"This Coll. John Gordon was near Cousin german once removed with John 
Innes of Leuchars, whos mother was Marjorie Gordon, dochter to William 

(176) 



GIGHT. 13 

Gordon [V.] of Gight, who was cousine german with the said Colonell Gordon. 
This Collonell Gordon's father was ane John Gordon sone to John Gordon of 
Kadenbanno, brother to ane Gilbert [really John] Gordon off Ardmachyer, who 
was father to William Gordon who fell in to be laird of Gight after the slaughter 
of Sir George. . . . This Collonell Gordon's father and William Gordon of 
Gight umquhill John Innes's grandfather war brother barnis. Collonell 
Gordon's guidsyr [was] Gordon of Kadenbanno and William Gordon of [Gight's 
father] was John Gordon of Ardmachy. Kaddenbanno and Ardmacher were 
twae brothers cadent neare cousins ather brothers or brothers sons off the 
laird of Gight." 

James at first had the lands of Cairnbannoch, which means the " peaked cairn " 
(Macdonald's Place Names of West Aberdeenshire, p. 84). Cairnbannoch, which 
is mentioned in a charter of Fergus, Earl of Buchan, in 1214, had originally 
belonged to the Abbey of Deer (Aberdeen and Banff, p. 470). Almost the only 
fact about Cairnbannoch that I have discovered is the statement in the Privy 
Council Register that William Gordon, V. of Gight, demolished the House of 
Cairnbannoch. James of Cairnbannoch married, according to the Balbithan 

MS., Cheyne, of the Straloch family. The Balbithan MS. says he begat 

two sons, "Alexander," who became laird of Gight, and William; but the 
third laird was undoubtedly George. I therefore give James's descendants as 
follows : 

(1) WILLIAM, who, according to the Balbithan MS., was drowned in the 
Bogie and left no issue. 

(2) JOHN, of Milton of Noth, described in the Balbithan MS. as a natural 
son. He seems to have gone abroad, for he is stated in the Familie of 
Innes to have been killed at the " battle of Flanders ". He is probably 
the " Captain Gordon " who, according to Ferguson's History of the Scots 
Brigade in Holland, was killed before Antwerp, August 13, 1584. Mr. 
Ferguson identifies him as the Gordon who served in the company of 
Colonel William Stuart in the brigade, 1579-81. He married Margaret 
Caldwell (Familie of Innes). On his death she married John Nairn, and 
had Juda Nairn (whose husband, - Gregor, merchant at St. Andrews, 
fell at the battle of Kilsyth "contra Montrose "). Margaret Caldwell 
married, thirdly, Lieutenant Weache, and had a daughter, Anna Weache, 

whose husband (Alexander Petrie, son of Petrie, minister of the 

Scots Church at Rotterdam) was Colonel Gordon's executor. Margaret 
Caldwell had by her first husband (John Gordon) a son 

COLONEL JOHN, who immortalised himself, in 1634, by helping to 
assassinate Wallenstein, the generalissimo of the Holy Roman 
Empire. He began life in the French army. Schiller, in his Death 
of Wallenstein, says that Gordon and Wallenstein "were pages at 
the Court of Burgau " at the same period. But this is merely 
poetical license. Certain it is that Gordon, though a Protestant, 



14 HOUSE OF GORDON. 



entered the army of the Emperor. Fischer (The Scots in Germany, 
p. 113) says that Schiller fused Walter Leslie and Gordon into 
one. Schiller's Gordon is " merely a creature of the imagination. 
History knows nothing of the days of his boyhood being spent 
together with Wallenstein at Burgau, neither is the Gordon of 
history the weak-minded old man such as Colonel Butler, the 
Irishman, describes him. It must be granted, however, that we 
know little enough of his life." The Rev. Walter Harte's Life 
of Gustavus Adolphus, London, 1759 (pp. 51-7), quotes Pufendorf 
to the effect that Wallenstein had " raised him from a private 
soldier". Burton passed him over in The Scot Abroad. The Dic- 
tionary of National Biography does not refer to him ; and the local 
genealogists are quite at sea. You must go to the extensive 
literature (in German) on Wallenstein to catch the slightest 
glimpses of him. The Protestantism of Gordon was so strongly 
marked that one of Wallenstein's correspondents (quoted by 
Forster in his Life of Wallenstein) declares that " der Calvinische 
Geist hat den Obrest Gordon zu einem Schelm gemacht"; while 
Andrew Leslie, writing to Father John Seton in 1638 (as quoted in 
the State Papers), complains that " Colonel Gordon is not yet a 
Catholic " ; as if strenuous efforts had been made to convert him. 
This is all the more strange in that the Gight family was defiantly 
Catholic, and at this very moment was fighting the Covenant with 
inveterate determination. But Gordon was first and foremost a 
soldier ; not a religionist. Had he been that, he would have 
entered the army of the Protestant champion, Gustavus Adolphus 
" that thundering scurge, that terror of Germanie," as Patrick 
Gordon calls him in Britane's Distemper. When or how Gordon 
entered the Austrian service I cannot say, but it was probably 
via France, and through the influence of Richelieu. Wallenstein's 
successes roused the jealousy of the hereditary princes of the 
empire, and he was dismissed in 1630 ; but, on the death of Tilly 
at Lech in 1632, he was recalled. On June 26 of that year 
Wallenstein appeared before Nuremberg, and on July 28 he was 
attacked vigorously by Gustavus. Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh, in 
his continuation of The Earls of Sutherland (p. 474), says that 
Gordon, who " is descended of the hous of Gight," had followed 
the Emperor (Ferdinand's) " parties since the last warrs in Ger- 
many. He was taken prisoner be the King of Sweden [Gustavus 
Adolphus] hard by the citie of Norenborgh, when he hade his 
leaguer about that town in defence thereoff. The King of Sweden 
issued out of his leaguer about Norenborgh with a party of a 
thousand foot and fyve hundredth hors, and rencountering with 



GIGHT. 15 

Collonel Spaw, Leivetenant-Collonel John Gordon, Captain Walter 
Leslie [son of John Leslie of Balquhain], and others leading a 
stronger and greater partie of the emperialists, the king invaded 
them and beat them, after a long and sharp fight : killed the most 
part of them ; tooke Spaw, Gordon and Leslie prisoners, and sent 
them into Norembourgh. [Nuremburg, Nov., 1631.] The king 
kept Leivetenant-Collonel Gordon prisoner with him six weekes, 
and then for his valour released him without ransome." They 
were complimented on their gallantry in the fight. But they 
were not allowed to leave the camp of the victors for five weeks, 
for Sir John Hepburn, Munro, and the other Scots soldiers in 
the strange army of Gustavus entertained them, and did not permit 
them to leave until the armies were once more ready to fight. 
The next great feature of the campaign was not Swede against 
Austrian, but Wallenstein against his own Emperor. Wallen- 
stein's victories had turned his head, and he plunged into a series 
of intrigues by which he hoped to gain high power, if not to 
found a dynasty. His treasonable enterprise had reached such a 
point that on January 24, 1634, * ne Emperor signed a secret patent 
removing him from his command. Wallenstein was not to be 
baulked, so he resolved to deliver the town of Eger, which is about 
twenty-five miles from Karlsbad to-day it has a population of 
some 19,000 souls into the hands of the Protestant enemy. On 
February 23 Wallenstein arrived in the little town with his friends 
and an army of a thousand men. Leslie discovered the plot, and 
reported it at once to Gordon, who was the commandant of the 
town. No time was to be lost to save the Emperor. Before a 
courier could reach Ferdinand the Swedes might be hammering at 
the gates. Only one alternative to surrender remained. Wallen- 
stein must be removed at once by the assassin's hand. Gordon 
was loth to countenance the stroke. He had fought with him 
on many a field, and had found him a great tactician and an 
inspiring leader. In The Death of Wallenstein Schiller emphasises 
(without historic support) this disinclination when he makes 
Gordon say: 

Seize him and hold him prisoner ; do not kill him : 
Murder's a black deed, and Nature curses it. 

Gordon listened doubtfully to the advice of his staff. Leslie was 
all for immediate action ; indeed, he is the heavy villain of the 
Tragedy of Albertus Wallenstein, by Henry Glapthorne, which was 
"acted with good allowance at the Globe on the Bank-side by His 
Majesty's servants " in London in 1639. In the first act Leslie 
tells Gordon : 



l6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 



This Wallenstein, like a good easie mule, 
Have I led on by th' nose to this rebellion ; 
Forc'd with such venom as will spread 
Like swift infection through his soul. 

There is no evidence that the tragedian's view is historical, but 
the play must have its villain. Colonel Butler, a fiery Irishman 
who commanded Count Tertzky's regiment, supported Leslie ; 
the generalissimo must be despatched at once. "Think of his 
greatness," says Gordon in Schiller's play (in a passage which is 
a paraphrase of the speech in Glapthorne) ; " he's himself so 
mighty : he seems above his part." Gordon still hesitates, and 
Butler scouts him (in Schiller) as " poor, weak Gordon," who 

Prizes above all his fealty. 
His conscious soul accuses him of nothing 
In opposition to his own soft heart. 

In the end Leslie and Butler triumphed, and a scheme was laid to 
nip the traitor's design in the bud. Wallenstein was staying at a 
house (which is still standing) on the tiny market-place. (A plan 
of the building and a copy of Gordon's signature will be found in 
Richard Wapler's Wallenstein's letzte Tage, Leipsic, 1884.) The 
chief officers of his staff, Count Tertzky, Count Kinsky, Colonel 
Illo and Colonel Neumann were invited by Gordon on Saturday 
evening, February 25, to a banquet in the Citadel. All went 
merry as a marriage bell for a time. Everybody was in the 
highest spirits, when, at a given signal, the room was filled with 
dragoons, who had been placed in the adjoining apartments. 
" Vivat Ferdinandus ! " they shouted, as with drawn swords they 
rushed on the guests. Before such forces the Counts and the 
Colonels had no chance. Illo and Kinsky were despatched on the 
spot. Neumann tried to scramble to the kitchen to summon his 
servant, but was slain in the attempt. Tertzky managed to get 
his orderly, but the two were overpowered and fell. Thus, in a 
twinkling, five men fell to save Ferdinand and the Empire ; 
though, if he had been guided by his religious creed, Gordon should 
have opened the gates to the Protestant troops. But the arch- 
traitor of all remained. Wallenstein's lodging had already been 
surrounded by loyal troops, and thither Gordon and his fellow- 
officers marched. To the last (Schiller's) Gordon protested, and 
was left to watch the door, while the Irishmen, Colonel Butler 
and Captain Devereux, accompanied by six Dutch soldiers, 
mounted the staircase to Wallenstein's room, which looked 
out on the street. He had just taken a bath, and was standing 
in his shirt at the windows listening to the tumult. Two of the 

(180) 



GIGHT. 17 

generalissimo's bodyguard and a servant had to be slain before 
an entry was effected. Devereux ran Wallenstein through the 
heart with his halbert, and the traitor sank without a sigh. The 
Empire had been saved. At first it was rumoured that Gordon 
himself had done the deed, but this is not so, though the drama- 
tists must needs change history. The ingenious Glapthorne makes 
Gordon say : " Come softly, and if my stroke miss, second me ". 
Gordon is then made to stab Wallenstein. Schiller even makes 
Wallenstein harangue Gordon : 

How the old time returns upon me. I 

Behold myself once more at Burgau, where 

We two were pages at the Court together. 

We oftentimes disputed. My intention 

Was ever good ; but thou wert wont to play 

The moralist and preacher ; and wouldst rail at me 

That I strove after things too high for me. 

Wallenstein then goes over his career, as a drowning man might 
do ; while Gordon bids him remember the " good old proverb " : 

Let the night come before we praise the day. 

I would be slow from long-continued fortune 

To gather hope ; for hope is the companion 

Given to the unfortunate by pitying Heaven. 

Fear hovers round the heads of prosperous men, 

For still unsteady are the scales of Fate. 

To which Wallenstein replies : 

I hear the very Gordon that of old 

Was wont to preach to me, now once more preaching. 

Gordon sent Leslie at once to the Emperor with the news. Leslie 
was created Count of Neustadt, and made a great marriage by 
wedding Princess Anna de Dietrichstein, the daughter of the 
Prime Minister. Gordon was created a Marquis, and was made 
Bearer of the Gold Key, as High Chamberlain to the Emperor. 
Never before nor since have any natives of Aberdeenshire struck 
a blow of such international import, for Wallenstein was the 
Napoleon of his age ; and his assassination in the town of Eger 
on February 25, 1634, made all Europe, then writhing in the 
Thirty Years' War, open its eyes in wonder. Gordon visited 
his kinsman, John Innes, at Leuchars in 1644, but "the intesten 
trouble of Scotland diverted him " from buying an estate in Scot- 
land. He died at Dantzig, and was buried at Delft, Sir John 
Hurry, the famous Covenanting General, being at the funeral 
(Familie of Innes, p. 248). He was never married, his property 
being inherited by his half-sister, Anna Weache, who married 

(181) AA 



l8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Alexander Petrie (son of Petrie, the minister at Rotterdam), whom 
Gordon left as his executor. There was some squabble about the 
property, in which Leuchars was involved. Gordon is said to have 
killed a young man who was "halff brother to his sister, called 
Weache ". According to Steven's Scots Church at Rotterdam (1836), 
a Col. John Gordon died at Delft and left a legacy to the Church 
in 1649. The same authority says that two silver communion 
cups were presented to the Scots Church at Rotterdam by Alex- 
ander Petrie, one being inscribed " In memoria nobiliss. Dni. 
John Gordonii, Equst. aur. dn. de Smidars," etc. The cups are 
now (1902) much battered, and the inscription indecipherable. 
They have been lent to the Scots Church at Brussels. The official 
burial record of the Nieuve Kerk at Delft, under date June i, 1649, 
gives " Johan Gordon, baron tot Sneidons [sic] Schrivius [Schivas ?] 
... collonel ". In a MS. at Delft, written and illustrated by 
Willem van der Lely, burgomaster at Delft, 1768, entitled Col- 
lectio Monumentorum sepulcralium, etc., a reproduction of Gordon's 
escutcheon is given, inscribed " Hie jacet sepultus Ds. Johanes 
Gordonius, Scotus Eques auratus, dominus in Smipars [sic] et 
Scrivan, Caesariae majestatis Chiliarcha orthodoxus, gubernator 
Aegrae, imperatori Ferdinando 2 do a cubiculis, obiit Dantisci 
ff decemb. Ao. 1648 " (Information from the burgomaster of Delft, 
who says that there is a little about Gordon in P. Fimareten's 
Versameling van gedenkshikken in Nederland, Delft, 1777, and in 
R. Boitet's Beschrejving der Stadt Delft, Delft, 1779). Colonel 
Gordon's will continued to be a subject of dispute for nearly forty 
years after his death. Fountainhall records that on November 16, 
1687, " Sir William Binning, late Provost of Edinburgh, pursued 
Hope of Carse on the testament of Colonel Gordon. This cause 
was res hactenus judicata in Holland and the Lady Carss assoylzied 
there. Answered, the process there was upon is previledge, as 
being testamentum militare : but here it is not insisted on super eo 
ntedio bot as holograph : and it is certain that res judicata takes no 
place except the two lybells be both super eodem media. . . . Lady 
Kerss had shunned these papers upoun oath and to evade it had 
reteired out of the kingdome to Holland and had assigned and 
conveyed her joynture and all her effects, particularly this right, 
to some confident for her son's behoff. Her son stated himself a 
party, and the Court of Session directed (Nov. 23) two commissions, 
one to Holland for her to depone anent the haveing, and to try, if 
this defence was proponed there, to take of the res judicata, and 
the other was direct to Lubick, where the testament was made, 
if holograph testaments, by their law be probative. The cost of 

(182) 



GIGHf. 19 

this process was of great importance, being upwards of 40,000 rix 
dollars ; and Sir William [Binning] in journeys to Holland and in 
processes had wasted more than 1,000 stg. on it" (Fountainhall, 
Historical Notices, ii., 827-8). 

3. JOHN, IV. of Gight. 

4. THOMAS. Mr. Murray Rose, who has mislaid his precise reference, tells me 

that on April 6, 1537, Thomas Gordon, " brother to George of Schives," 
witnessed a charter at Huntly. Thomas does not appear in Balbithan 
MS., and I have found no other reference to him. 

5. BARBARA, daughter of the first laird. The term " procreatis " in the extract 

from the Great Seal, November i, 1490, already quoted, proves that George, 
II. of Gight, who was born about 1502 was younger than his sisters. 
Married first William Hay of Lormy (Eraser's Chiefs of Grant, i., 520). 
In 1553 there was precept of sasine by George Earl of Erroll in favour of 
Barbara Hay as heir to William Hay of Lormy her father (" consanguineus 
noster") in the half of the town of Nether Leask (Antiq. Abd. and Banff, 
iii., 156). Barbara Gordon, who was probably the mother of this Barbara 
Hay, married secondly, in 1541, John Grant, the first laird of Ballin- 
dalloch (who was a widower at the time), and who was killed on September 
n, 1559, by John Roy Grant of Carron. As a sample of the idea that ill 
luck followed the Gight family, I may quote Sir Robert Gordon, who notes 
(in the Earls of Sutherland, p. 416) that, on the same day seventy-one years 
later (1630), when the "inveterat feid and malice" between the families 
were still rampant, John Grant of Ballindalloch, the great-grandson of 
Barbara Gordon's husband, killed James Grant of Carron. Sir Robert 
Gordon looked upon this as "the providence and secret judgement of the 
Almightie God ". He remarks : 

John Roy Grant of Carron [the murderer of 1559] wes left-handed : so is this 
John Grant of Ballendallogh [in 1630] left-handed also : and moreover it is to be 
observed that Ballendallogh, at the killing of Carron [in 1630], had vpon him the 
same coat-of-armour, or maillie-coat, which John Roy of Carron had vpon him at 
the slaughter of the great-grandfather of this Ballendallogh [in 1559] : which 
maillie-coat Ballendallogh had, a little befor this tyme [1630], taken from James 
Grant in a skirmish that passed betuixt them. Thus wee doe sie that the judge- 
ments of God are inscrutable, and that, in his owne tyme, he punisheth blood by 
blood. 

The "judgement of God," however, did not prevent Ballindalloch's being 
so harried by the Carrons that he had to "flie from the north of Scotland 
and live for the most pairt in Edinburgh ". In 1553 the queen granted 
a charter to John Grant (murdered in 1559). George Gordon "miles," 
apparently the second laird of Gight, his brother-in-law, and Mr. William 
Grant appear in it as the " curatores " of Patrick Grant, who bought the 
land of Tullochcarron at this date. It was he who carried on the 

(183) 



20 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Ballindalloch line. Barbara Gordon and John Grant, I. of Ballindalloch, 
had (according to Eraser's Chiefs of Grant] with other issue : 

PATRICK GRANT, II. of Ballindalloch, born before his parents' mar- 
riage, but legitimated October 22, 1542. He had five sons and 
three daughters, and was succeeded by his eldest son 
PATRICK GRANT, III. of Ballindalloch, who had a son 
JOHN GRANT, IV. of Ballindalloch, who had 

JOHN GRANT, V. of Ballindalloch (died before 1690) ; 
had 

JOHN ROY GRANT, VI. of Ballindalloch ; married 
Anne Leslie of Balquhain. Under him the 
estates became very much encumbered, and 
were taken possession of by his creditors, who 
sold them in 1727 to Colonel William Grant (of 
the regiment which is now the Black Watch), 
younger son of James Grant of Rothiemurcus, 
who thus became the founder of the present 
family of Grant of Ballindalloch. John Roy 
Grant had a son 

CAPTAIN JOHN GRANT, who entered the 
Dutch service in 1708. He died before 
1763. He had 

PATRICK LESLIE GRANT, who, though 
no longer holding the Ballindal- 
loch property, became a laird 
by succeeding his cousin, Count 
Ernest Leslie, as Protestant heir 
(he 'verted from Roman Catholic- 
ism) to the lands of Balquhain, of 
which he was the twentieth laird. 
He died unmarried, and was 
succeeded by his sister, 
ELIZA GRANT'S, husband, PATRICK 
LESLIE DUGUID of Auchenhove. 
They had no issue. Duguid 
married a second time, and had 
a son, John, the 22nd laird of 
Balquhain, the ancestor of the 
present laird (Leslie's Family of 
Leslie). 

6. CATHERINE GORDON. I think the " Catherine Gordon of Gight," who 
married James Innes of Rathmakenzie, as noted in the Familie of Innes 
(p. 201, and also in the Great Seal), was a daughter of the first laird, and 

(184) 



GIGHT. 21 

may have been named after his half-sister, Lady Catherine Gordon, who 
married Perkin Warbeck. James Innes was the son of Robert Innes of 
Cromy (that is Crombie, in the parish of Marnoch), who was the second 
son of Alexander Innes of that ilk (died 1491), armour-bearer to James 
III., by Janet Gordon, daughter of the first Earl of Huntly. James Innes 
of Rathmakenzie, who was his wife's cousin-german, fell at Pinkie, 1547, 
and his son 

ALEXANDER INNES of Crombie, was brutally murdered in Aberdeen, 
1580. Innes of Invermarkie had quarrelled with Crombie, and 
tracked him to Aberdeen. Simulating a fit, and crying " Murder ! 
Murder ! A Gordon ! A Gordon ! " outside Crombie's lodging at 
night, Invermarkie induced his enemy to come out, and then shot 
him dead, while his followers decorated the dead man's body 
with their dirks. Crombie's son, a young boy, escaped by the back 
door, afterwards finding shelter with his father's second cousin, 
Alexander Innes of Cotts, known as " Crag-in-Peril " on account 
of the part he played at the murder of Invermarkie. " Crag-in- 
Peril," as we shall see, married his cousin-german, a daughter of 
the fifth laird of Gight. (See the Familie of Innes, pp. 198, 201.) 



SIR GEORGE GORDON, II. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of I.) 

The second laird of Gight was a minor when his father, Sir 
William, fell at Flodden. This is shown by the entry in the Exchequer 
Rolls serving him heir in accordance with the Act of Parliament passed 
after the battle : 

1516. Sept. Vicecomes respondebit pro no li de firmis terrarum et baronie de 
Scheves cum suis annexis, unitis tenen. etc, cum pertinen. jacentium infra balliam 
suam existentium in manibus regis per spatium 3 annorum ult. elaps. sasina non 
recuperata et pro 40 li de relevio earundem, regi debitis per sasinam datam Georgeo 
Gordoun de eisdem apud Edinburgh 17 Sept., a. r. 4. per dispensationem et statutum 
quondam s. d. n. regis predict, ut patet in retornatu (Exchequer Rolls, xiv., p. 587). 

The following items refer to the second laird : 

1522. July 15. He was one of those who witnessed, in Lord Huntly's lodging 
in Edinburgh, Sir William Scott of Balweary's resignation of the lands of Parkhill 
in favour of his lordship (Records of Aboyne, p. 55). The same authority tells us (p. 54), 
that he and his wife, Elizabeth, were parties (no date is stated) to a contract with 
Alexander Con of Auchry and William, his son, wherein it was stipulated that " so 
soon as Sir George or his heirs gets lands paying 80 merks penny mail in Buchan or 

(185) 



22 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Garioch, and infefts said Alexander or William Con, or their heirs therein, by Charter 
and Sasine, they shall grant to said Sir George wadset right thereof, not to be re- 
deemed for 10 years, for the sum of 800, and a fifteen years' tack after redemption ". 
1528. Oct. 7. The king confirms the charter by George Gordon, who had 
sold to Robert Maitland and Marjorie Garden, his wife, the lands of Auchincreif in 
Schivas. The witnesses (at Aberdeen, Oct. 2, 1528) were Alexander Hay, Prebend 
of Turriff, Gilbert Hay of Schivas, Alexander Gordon, Mr. Gilbert Chalmers and 
Mr. William Hay (Great Seal). 

1530. March. He witnessed the marriage contract between the fourth Earl of 
Huntly and Lady Elizabeth Keith (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 139). 

J 53 O - June 25. "Geo. Gordoune of Geicht " was cautioner in 1000 that 
Alexander Eraser of Philorth would thole a great assise for the unjust acquittal of 
John Dempster of Auchterless (Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, i., 148*). 

1531. Dec. 16. Charter again confirmed, Gordon having sold "ingenioso 
juveni" Alexander Knowis, son and heir of the late James Knowis, burgess of 
Aberdeen, the lands of Newton of Schivas. Gilbert Menzies of Findon was young 
Knowis's tutor (Great Seal). 

1532. Feb. George Gordon, " of the Gycht," witnessed Hector Mackintosh's 
bond (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 152). 

1534. May 7. Gordon's charter confirmed, he having sold to Laurence 
Ogilvy (" consanguineo suo "), Newton of Schivas and Boquhanyoquhy in Schivas 
" Reservatis dicto Geo. arrendatione et fructibus diet, terrarum donee diet. Laurentius 
in terris de Newtoun molestaretur et regressu ad eas casu quo non molestaretur " 
(Great Seal}. 

George Gordon of Gight was witness of the warrandice of the lands of Migvie 
in favour of Walter Innes of Touchs. This deed, which is among the Innes Charters 
at Floors, is undated, but as the Earl has the consent of his curator, Alexander, 
Bishop of Moray, it must have been within 1526-30 (Information from Mr. Murray 
Rose. See also Exchequer Rolls, xvi., 22.) 

1536. June 10. George Gordon of " Gecht " witnessed, at Huntly, Garioch of 
Kynstairis bond (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 199). 

1536. Aug. 23. George Gordon of Gight witnessed, at Edinburgh, a charter 
to James Gordon of Coldstone (Great Seal). 

1537. Aug. 31. The Gordons are described for the first time as " de Geith " 
in the Privy Council Register. Till then they are described as " de Scheves ". 

1538. July 31. George Gordon of " Gycht " witnessed Lord Hume's bond at 
Edinburgh (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 203). 

1539. Feb. ii. The king confirmed the charter of George Gordon of Schives 
and Elizabeth Gordon, his wife, to the lands of Boquhanyochquhy, in the barony of 
Schives, which the said George resigned (Great Seal). 

1539. Dec. 4. John Abbot of Deer, having " sett in assedacioune to ane 
rycht honorabile man and our speciall louit frend, George Gordone of Scheues . . . 
all and haill our lands of Carnebannocht, Auchtmontzell and Ardmauchtar ... for 

(186) 



GIGHT. 23 

all the termis ... of nynetene yeris," charges his baillies to deliver sasine of the 
lands (Antiq. Aberdeen and Banff, iv., 552). 

1540. Feb. ii. The king confirmed the charter by Gordon to his wife in the 
lands of Boquhanochquy, which Gordon had resigned personaliter (Great Seal}. 

1540. April 18. George Gordon, "baron of Gight," as "oure" lord of _..v,^n 
Gray of Schivas figures in a march dispute about the lands of Sanquhat, the Master 
of Erskine's property, Auchnagatt and Guiltors (Aberdeen Papers, Hist. MSS. Com., 
5th Report, Appendix, p. 609). 

1543. July 18. Gordon's charter was confirmed on his selling to David 
Gordon in Savoch the lands of Newton of Schivas (Ibid.). On July 24 George 
Gordon of " Schewh " signed a bond made by Cardinal Beaton and others for mutual 
defence (Gairdner's Letters . . . of Henry VIII., i., 508). 

1546. Sept. 3. He witnessed, at Stirling, a charter of Alexander, Lord Elphin- 
stone, dealing with the lands of Corgarff, Skellater and others (Aberdeen Papers, 
Hist. MSS. Com.). 

1546. Aug. 13. The protection of Gight was proclaimed at the Cross of 
Aberdeen by Thomas Hunter as follows : " Maria dei Gracia Regina Scottorum, 
Omnibus probis hominibus suis ad quos litere pervenerint salutem Sciatis nos di- 
lectum nostrum Georgium Gordon de Schevas terras suas homines suos universas 
earundem silvas posessiones ac omnia bona sua mobilia et immobilia sub firma pace 
et protectione nostra juste suscepisse Quare firmiter imhibemus ne quis malum 
molestiam injuriam seu gravemen aliquod inferre presumat injuste super nostram 
plenariam forisfacturam. . . . Apud Edinburgh decimo tertio die mensis Augusti 
anno regni nostri quarto " (Information from Mr. Murray Rose). 

1546. Oct. 5. He was served heir to his father, William Gordon of Schivas, 
in the lands of Littil Geych within the barony of Schivas (Inquisit. Speciales). George 
had not got sasine on Little Gight as a minor in 1516, probably because it had been 
let on tack. 

1546. Nov. 151 The sheriff will answer for 3 6s. 8d. of fermes of the lands 
of Litill Geych, lying in the barony of Scheves and within his own bailiary, being in 
the hands of the King of the term of St. Martin's last past, sasine not having been 
executed : and for 6 135. 4d. for relief of the same due to the Queen for sasine 
granted to George Gordon : date as above (Exchequer Rolls). 

1547. March 27. George Gordon witnessed, at Edinburgh, a charter dealing 
with the Earl of Atholl (Great Seal). 

1547. May 8. The king confirmed the charter by Gordon and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Gordon, in the lands of Little Gight, Boquhannochquhy (with mill), which George 
resigned. On the same occasion he witnessed, at Edinburgh, one of Lord Huntly's 
charters. On May 10, George Gordon of Schivas witnessed a deed at Edinburgh (Ibid.). 

1547. May 20. He appeared, with some other lairds, on behalf of William 
Lord Ruthven, who brought before the Privy Council the dispute he had with Patrick 
fourth Lord Gray (Privy Council Register). 

1547. September 10. Sir Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, p. 128) says that 
" Gordon of Gight " was killed at Pinkie. It certainly was not the second laird. 

(187) 



24 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1548. He witnessed the contract of marriage between John, Lord Forbes, 
and Margaret, daughter of the fourth Earl of Huntly. Forbes afterwards repudiated 
the lady, and this added fuel to the feud between the Gordons and the Forbeses, in 
which the third laird of Gight lost his life (Records of Aboyne, p. 469). 

1562. Oct. George Gordon of Gight, along with the lairds of Haddo, Aber- 
geldie and Lesmoir (all Gordons), were ordered to keep within the burgh of Edin- 
burgh, and " remain within the same and four miles thereabout till freed by the 
Queen's Majesty " (Privy Council Register). 

1563. Sept. 8. Queen Mary presented to the Commendator and Convent of 
Aberbrothock George Gordon of Schivas (" eques auratus ") and his wife Elizabeth 
to be their hereditary tenants in the lands of Monkshill, the Kirklands, Mill, and 
brewhouse of Fyvie, and the lands of Ardlogy, previously held by George, formerly 
Lord Gordon (Antiq. Abd. and Banff, Hi., 550). 

1564. Oct. 12. George Gordon, " knycht," and George Gordon, " younger" of 
Gight, and eighteen others were arraigned before the Privy Council for the "crewale 
invassion of William Con of Auchry and hurting and wounding of him in divers 
parts of his body to the great effusion of his blude ; and striking and draging with a 
brydill three of Con's cottars and otheris". "My Lord of Cassillis, My Lord 
Barthwik, The Lord of Colsgaile, Hew Kennedy of Barquhynaycuire, procurators 
for the pursuers." The prolocutors for the panel were Mr. Tho. McCalzane, Mr. 
David Borthwik, George Baird of Auchmaddy, Mr. Tho. Gordoune. " Becaus 
sufficient noumer of Barronys and Pearis compeirit nocht to pass upon Assyise of 
the saidis Lairdis of Geycht elder and younger, the Justice ordanit Souarties to be 
ressauit of thame, for thair comperance the thred day of the next Justice-aire (Aber- 
deen) or soner vponne xv dayes warnyng to vnderly the law for the saidis crymes." 
Verdict " Acquittis James Cheyne and the other pannels." "The Lord of Pittindreych, 
George Johnestonne of Alychtmond, Mr. Duncan Forbes of Monymusk, and John 
Forbes of Fynzeak were the only Barons on the Assise. Among the Absentees was 
William Gordoune of Auchindoune " (Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, i., 453). 

1565. Nov. 29. George Gordon " miles " was served heir in the lands of Schives 
to his father William, who had been killed in 1513 (Retours). He probably considered 
the sasine in his minority as insufficient. If his mother survived till 1565 and had 
infeftment in conjoint fee in certain lands he could not serve himself as heir to his 
father in these lands until after his mother's death, as they were for all practical 
purposes her property till then in consequence of settlement of marriage. 

1568. George Gordon of " Shives, knycht," signed a bond for the Queen's 
service (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 157). On June 27, 1568, he witnessed, at Huntly, 
the Laird of Macintosh's bond of manrent to the Earl of Huntly (Ibid., iv., 225). 

1570. March. Vicecomes respondebit pro 148 de firmis terrarum de Newtoun, 
Schives, etc. . . . existentium in manibus regis et suorum predecessorum per spatium 
quinquaginta quinqua annorum et unius termini ultimo preteritorum partim ratione 
warde et partim sasina non recuperata videlicet, decem annorum priorum ratione 
warde et relinquiorum annorum ac termini sasina non recuperata, et pro 535. 4d. de 

('88) 



GIGHT. 25 

relevio earundem : regi debitis per sasinam datam Georgio Gordoun de Scheves 
(Exchequer Rolls, xx., 406). This entry gives a clue to Gight's age. 

1570. July 29. George Gordon of Gight was one of the arbiters for the Ear! 
of Sutherland in a dispute (Eraser's Sutherland, Book ii., p. 140). 

I 573- Oct. 21. Vicecomes respondebit pro 12 de firmis totarum integrarum 
terrarum de Littill Folay . . . existentium in manibus domini regis per spatium unius 
anni et unius termini ultime elapsorum sasina non recuperata : et pro 8 de relevio 
earundem regi debitis per sasinam datam Georgio Gordoun (Exchequer Rolls, xx., 449). 

The second laird married Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Robert 
Gordon of Fetterletter, son of James Gordon, I. of Haddo. Cullen in 
his diary (Spalding Club Misc., ii., 58) records that Elspet Gordon, Lady 
Schives, " depairtit at Aberdeen " on June 10, 1587. The Balbithan 
MS. (p. 54) says that the second laird had no issue, but the 1564 extract 
from Pitcairn already quoted seems to show that he had a son. 



GEORGE GORDON, III. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of II. : killed 1579.) 

After full consideration of all the documentary facts, I am com- 
pelled to forego the Balbithan MS. theory of the early Gight succession 
in favour of another as follows : 



WILLIAM, 

1 


I. of Gight. 


WILLIAM, I. of Gight. 

1 


I 
GEORGE, II., JA 
d., s.p. of Cai 

" ALEX 


1 i 

WES, III. JOHN, 
rnbannoch. ofArdmachar. 

ANDER," IV. WILLIAM, V. 


GEORGE, II. JOHN, IV. 
GEORGE, III. WILLIAM V. 


Balbithan MS. Theory. 


The Editor's Theory. 



I abandon the Balbithan MS. with reluctance, because as a rule it is 
very correct : but it is unquestionably wrong in calling the fourth laird, 
who, it says, married Agnes Beaton, " Alexander " ; while there is un- 
doubted evidence that John of Ardmachar was served heir to Schivas. 
I can find no documentary evidence whatever to show that James of 

(189) BB 



26 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Cairnbannoch ever succeeded to Gight ; while the 1564 reference in Pit- 
cairn, already quoted, to the two George Gordons, elder and younger 
of Gight, strongly suggests that the two were father and son. When 
George, III. of Gight, died his daughter was served heir to him (1580)^ 
while in 1581 his uncle John of Ardmachar was served second heir to 
him. In any case, George III. was undoubtedly a grandson of the 
first laird, and represented the third generation of the Gordons of Gight. 
Very little is known about him. As I have shown, he was delated in 
1564 with George Gordon of Schivas, " knycht " (II. of Gight), for 
the " crewale " invasion of Con of Auchry. The following items also 
refer to him : 

1568. George Gordon, " appearand " of Gight signs a bond for the Queen's 
service (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 157). 

T 575-6- March 10. On Sept. 13, 1580, John Leslie, of Balquhain, sheriff 
Wardatar of Aberdeen, acknowledges the receipt of 168 i6s. id. from the fermes 
of the lands and barony of Scheves (except certain lands in which Elizabeth Gordon, 
this laird's daughter, was conjointly infeft) of 37 IDS. 3d. ; and of 20 gs. from the 
relief of the excepted lands, all due to the Crown bysasine granted March 10, 1575-6, 
to George Gordon of the same (Exchequer Rolls). 

1576. May 24. George Gordon of " Geych " witnessed at Edinburgh a caution 
of Adam Gordon of Auchindoun on behalf of Allan Balfour (Privy Council Register). 

1576. June 26. George Gordon was one of the witnesses (at Huntly) of a 
deed, by which George, fifth Earl of Huntly, directed precept to Alexander Gordon 
of Toldow, his baillie, for infefting John Gordon, "now of Kennertie," as heir of late 
Thomas, his father, in the lands of Braeruddoch, holding in chief of the granter in 
blench ferm (Records of A boy ne, p. 128). 

1576. Oct. 26. George Gordon of Geycht finds surety to re-enter Linlithgow 
(Privy Council Register). 

1577. Nov. 22. The king confirmed Gight's charter : "qua pro observatione 
promissi facti quondam Mariote Ogilvy, domine de Melgem, pro variis gratitudinibus 
sibi ante complementum matrimonii sui prestitis " he sold to Agnes Betoun, his 
wife (and daughter of Lady Melgum), " during her lifetime," various lands, including 
Gight (" cum turre et fortalicio "). The deed was witnessed at Gight on Oct. 20, 
1577, by Gilbert Auchterlony (possibly a relative of the wife of his cousin, William 
Gordon, fifth laird, who married Isobell Ochterlony), John Gordon, servant of the 
laird ; John Gordon of Audiaill, and Mr. Patrick Bisset, burgess of Edinburgh 
(Great Seal). 

X 579- J an ' 30. The king confirms the charter "factam per Guilielmum 
Craig, dominum liberi tenementi de Craigisfintray ac terrarum subscript, et M. Tho. 
C, advocatum ac feoditarium earundem " by which to implement a contract of 
date December 18 and 22, 1578, a fourth part of the lands of Tullimald, in Turrifi, 

(190) 



GIGHT. 27 

had been sold to George Gordon and Agnes Betoun his wife (Great Seal). On Dec. 
10, 1579, the king granted to Patrick Cheyne of Esslemont ("pro bono servitio"' 
these same lands which Gordon and his wife resigned. A daughter of the fi{ a 
laird married a Cheyne of Pennan (Ibid.). 

1579. Feb. 20. Although there had been an act of caution on Nov. 6, 1576, 
by John Blacader of Tulliallane for the appearance of George Gordon of Gight when 
required, and also for the good behaviour of him and his under pain of 5,000, it is 
complained that Gordon " hes not keipit gude reule in the cuntrie sen the dait 
foirsaid of the said act, in sa far as he continewallie sen syne hes resset within his 
place of Geycht William Gordon, sone to John Gordon of Ardmauchar, oure 
Soverane Lordis rebell, and at the home for act and part of the cruell slauchter of 
umquhill Thomas Fraser of Straichin. and upoun diverse utheris landis within his 
boundis and jurisdictioun ; lyke as the said Williame presentlie dwellis and remanis 
upoun the said George proper landis and heretage of Litile Ardoch, quhairin he hes 
remanit this lang tyme bigane, suppleit, intercommonit with, fortiffiit and manteinit 
be him". It is represented therefore that the said Blacader, cautioner for Gordon 
of Gicht, " hes incurrit the foirsaid pane of five thowsand pundis ". Letters of 
summons having been issued, and " the said Johnne Blacader of Tullyallane com- 
peirand be Robert Erskin his sone in law and procuratour, quha enterrit and 
presentit personalie the said George Gordoun of Geycht, and tuke instrumentis that 
the said Johnne had satisfied and fulfillit the command of the saidis letters in that 
part," and there being no appearance for the prosecution in the person of the Lord 
Treasurer, the King's advocates or any other official, the said George Gordon of 
Geycht " askit instrumentis that his said souirtie and he had obeyit and fulfillit the 
command of the charge of the saidis letters, and that nane compeirit to persue 
him according thairto, and that he sould not be haldin to answer in tyme cuming, 
quhill he be first lauchfullie and ordourlie chairgit and his expenssis payit ". The 
Lords admit this protest of Gordon, " finding and declairing notwithstanding that 
the said Johnne Blacader, his cautioun, standis obleist as afoir according to the said 
act " (Privy Council Register). 

1579. Feb. 26. Caution was given by George Gordoun of Geycht for himself 
that he will appear personally before the Council at any time on a month's warning, 
and also that he, his kin, tenants and servants " sail keip gude reule in the cuntrie 
in the menetyme under the pane of 5000". In respect of this caution the Laird of 
Geycht for himself, the previous caution for him made by Johnne Blacader of 
Tulliallane is ordered "to be deleit, sa thot na executioun pas upon the same in 
tyme cuming" (Ibid.). 

1579. March 2. Representation by George Gordon of Geycht that he finds 
himself in difficulties in the matter of the caution he has given for his good 
behaviour in lieu of the former caution given for him by Blacader of Tulliallane. 
The conditions of this band " he myndis and sail, God willing, observe and keip, 
and continew trew and obeedient subject to his Majestic " ; but private parties have 
interpreted the band as entitling them to pursue him, for their own ends, in civil 



28 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

causes betwixt them and his tenants. Therefore " gif his Hienes and Lordshippis 
sail not yit gif thair interpretatioun how far, and to quhome, and for quhat caus the 
said band maid be him sail extend, he sail be continewallie trublit and callit upoun 
wrangus and sinister narrationis of sic as seikis na thing les then the observatioun 
and keiping of gude reule and quietnes of his Majesteis obeydient subjectis, to the 
greit hurt of the said George, his freindis and servandis ". His petition accordingly 
is that the King and Council " wald gif thair declaratioun quhidder the samyn sould 
extend for the said George obeydience and keiping of gude reule to his Hienes in 
tyme cuming allanerlie, or gif ony his Majesteis subjectis sould tak occasioun 
thairby, upoun sinister narratioun to be maid be thame, to call and persue him at 
sic tymes as pleisses thame thairupoun ". The decision is in his favour ; for it 
" ordanis and commandis the Secretar and his deputis to direct na letters for calling 
of the said George Gordon of Geycht for contravening of the act abovewrittin, 
without it be upoun speciale occasioun committit be him aganis the Kingis 
Majesteis self or his auctoritie, and that upoun directioun of his Hienes with avise 
of his counsale and na utherwyise " (Privy Council Register). 

1579. June 4. George Gordon of Scheves was one of a commission of 
justiciary (Exchequer Rolls). 

1579. Dec. 7. Caution in 2,000 merks by George Gordon of Gicht and 
Alexander Lindesey of Vane, James Leirmonth of Dersy, James Leirmonth 
apparent of Balcomy, Michael Balfour of Monquhany, and David Farrett of that 
ilk, for the good conduct of David, Earl of Crafurd, who is licensed to go abroad for 
three years (Privy Council Register). 

The third laird took a leading part in the bitter Gordon-Forbes 
feud, conducted under the direction of Adam Gordon of Auchindown 
(the notorious Edom o' Gordon), son of the fourth Earl of Huntly. 
In the famous ballad of the burning of the Forbes stronghold at Towie 
(1571), the imprisoned lady is made to express a preference for Gight. 
Although she declines to come down to Edom, she declares : 

But gi'e me Cluny, Craig, or Gight, 

Or gi'e me young Lesmoir, 
And I'll gi'e owre my bonny hoose 

To ony o' the four. 

In the beginning of 1574, according to Sir Robert Gordon of Gordons- 
town's history, Gight went across to France with Edom o' Gordon and 
six other gentlemen, and was entertained by Charles IX. They were 
followed by Arthur Forbes, son of Lord Forbes, who attempted to 
assassinate Auchindown. The French king sent out his guards, who, 
with the aid of the Gordons, killed Forbes. Auchindown recovered 
(dying in 1580). Gight had to pay the penalty of the act, for late in 

(192) 



GIGHT. 2g 

1579, or early in 1580 (Sir Robert Gordon gives 1579), he fought a 
duel with John Lord Forbes the Privy Council Register calls *.' 
antagonist Alexander Forbes, younger of Towie on the shore of 
Dundee. The Privy Council Register, under date January 30, 1580, 
refers to the affair thus : 

For sa meikle as upoun the occasioun of sum contentious wordis quhilk is 
laitlie happanit to fall out in presence of the Kingis Majestic betuix umquhill George 
Gordoun of Geicht on the ane part and Alexander Forbes younger of Tollie on the 
uther part, quhairupoun schortlie eftir followed baith thair slauchteris, the kin and 
freindis alsua of baith the saidis parties ar movit in quarrell and contraversie, ayther 
of thame aganis utheris : quhilk, gif the samyn be not removed and taiken away in 
tyme be sum mid and indifferent way to thair ease and weill, gretar inconveniensis 
is abill to follow, to the trubling of the gude and quiet estait of the haill cuntrie. 

Sir Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, pp. 174-5), who gives the 
name of Gordon's antagonist as John Lord Forbes, describes the affair 
in the following terms : 

The cause which the Lord Forbes pretended for this slaughter was that the 
Laird of Gight had given him some injurious words before the [Privy] Councell, 
which wes then by the lords reconciled in some measure. Yit the Lord Forbes 
returning into the north [apparently after the Council meeting in Edinburgh] did 
watch the Laird of Gight when he landed at the ferric of Dundie, wher the Forbesses 
shott him vnawars with musketts, besyd the wundmilne upon the shoar. He 
fought with them a long tyme after he wes shott and wounded, and pursued them 
eagerlie vntill he wes oversuayed with ther multitude. So he died feighting with 
great courage among them, haveing killed some of them at that instant. The Laird 
of Auchindoun [Adam Gordon] went about to pursue the Lord Forbesse by the 
lawes of the kingdome for this slaughter ; bot such wes the great malice of the ring- 
leaders then at court against the Gordons (the King being minor) that he culd have 
no justice at that tyme ; and so Auchindoun delayed the mater, thinking to repair 
that wrong by some other occasion ; bot he wes prevented by death [in 1580. 
The Privy Council tried to stop the feud in 1580, but it was still going on as late as 
1587, when the Council again intervened.] 

George Gordon married Agnes Beaton (she was alive in 1597), 
natural daughter of Cardinal David Beaton (murdered 1546) and 
Mariota Ogilvy, described in the Great Seal as Lady of Melgem, and in 
G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage as sister of Lord Ogilvy. She had a whole 
sister, Margaret Beaton, who married the tenth Earl of Crawford. An 
important reference to Agnes Beaton occurs in the Great Seal : 

1577. Nov. 22. The king confirmed the charter of George Gordon of Schives 
which " pro observatione promissi facti quondam Mariote Ogilvy domine de Melgem 

d93) 



30 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

pro variis gratitudinibus sibi ante complementum matrimonii sui prestitis venditit 
Agneti Betoun conjugi sue, filie dicte Mar., pro tempore ejus vite " the lands of 
Gight and others, to be held by the king. . John Gordon of " Audiaill " is one of 
the witnesses. 

Agnes Beaton, after George Gordon's death, married (before January, 
1583) Sir Patrick Gordon of Auchindown, Sheriff-Depute of Aberdeen- 
shire (killed at the battle of Glenlivat, Oct. 1594), the brother of Edom 
o' Gordon (her first husband's old friend) and of the fifth Earl of 
Huntly. Thus the Gights and the Huntlys were once more brought 
together. On July 26, 1597, Dame Agnes Beaton, Lady Auchindoun, 
complained to the Privy Council that in 

1595. Dec. Johnne Mulwart and Callum McCandrachie stole from her, at 
night, furth of her lands of Inach, 66 wedders. They had been convicted by an 
assize in a Court held at the place of Cambrathok, on November 20 last, by William 
Gordoun of Dasky, bailie to the Laird of Grant. They had, however, found caution 
for payment to her of the prices of the said wedders within 15 days thereafter, viz. : 
Mulwart had found for his cautioner Duncane Grant, brother of the Laird of Grant, 
and McCandrachie had found for his cautioner Johnne Miller. The 15 days are long 
bygone, but the complainer after divers applications has received no satisfaction 
from principals or cautioners. The complainer appearing by Mr. Williame Harte, 
her procurator, the said principals and cautioners for not appearing are to be 
denounced rebels (Privy Council Register]. 

By her husband, the laird of Gight, she had only one child, a 
daughter, Elizabeth, and from her many noblemen of to-day are 
descended. These descents are so curious that I venture to work out 
a few of them. The daughter was 

ELIZABETH. She was served heir to her father, June 23, 1580 (Inquisit. Gener- 
ates). She was under the guardianship of her step-father, Sir Patrick 
Gordoun of Auchindoun (Great Seal), and married Sir George Home of Spot, 
High Treasurer of Scotland, afterwards Earl of Dunbar. In 1582 her step- 
father contracted with John Gordon (IV. of Gight) on her behalf to sell 
Schives to the latter's grandson, George (VI. of Gight). This may corro- 
borate the Balbithan MS. as showing that while the main estate went in 
the male line to her granduncle, John yet she had certain rights in the 
property as the descendant of a younger son. On Nov. 15, 1595, William 
Gordon of Gight and Lady Elizabeth Gordon, with the consent of Sir 
George Home of Spot, resigned the lands of Cairnfechil, Auchinlech, the 
mill of Fechil and the lands of the Fechil in favour of Robert Maitland, 
Glenchincreiff, which had been granted " quondam Joanni Gordon de 
Geycht " (Great Seal). On May 22, 1596, Elizabeth Gordon and her 



GIGHT. 31 

husband, Home, were granted the lands of Derington (Great Seal). Ho 
was created Baron Hume of Berwick in 1604, and advanced to the Earldom 
of Dunbar in 1605. He attended King James VI. into England, and was 
made K.G. in 1608. He died suddenly at Whitehall on January 29, 
1611-2. Some say he was poisoned, which ought just to have been a 
Gordon's luck, for her father and her step-father had been killed and her 
maternal grandfather murdered. Lord Dunbar left no male issue, and his 
earldom became dormant (G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage, iii., 201). His barony 
seems to have vested in his two daughters and co-heirs, Anne and Eliza- 
beth. These were as under : 

THE EARLS OF HOME. 

(1) LADY ANNE HOME married Sir James Home of Coldingknows, and had 

JAMES HOME, who succeeded to the Earldom of Home as third Earl in 
1633. He married Lady Jane Douglas, daughter of Lord Morton, 
grand-daughter of the fifth Earl Marischal, and was succeeded by 
his three sons in turn. 

ALEXANDER, 4th Earl of Home (died s.p. about 1674). 
JAMES, 5th Earl of Home (died July 22, 1706). 
CHARLES, 6th Earl of Home (died August 20, 1706). He had 
ALEXANDER, 7th Earl of Home (died 1720). He had 
WILLIAM, 8th Earl of Home (died 1761), and 
ALEXANDER, gth Earl of Home (died 1786). He had 
ALEXANDER, loth Earl of Home (died 1841). He had 
COSPATRICK, nth Earl of Home (died 1881). He had 
CHARLES, i2th and present Earl of Home. Born 1834. 

THE EARLS OF SUFFOLK. 

(2) LADY ELIZABETH HOME, a second grand-daughter of the fourth Laird of 

Gight, married, in 1612, Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk 
(died 1640). She died August 19, 1633, at the Tower in Greenwich 
Park, of which her husband was keeper. She had four sons (three 
of whom succeeded to the Earldom in turn) and five daughters. 
Her immediate male issue became extinct in 1745, on the death of 
the loth Earl of Suffolk (the nth Earl succeeded, as descending 
from her husband's brother, the second son of the first Earl). Before 
going into the Suffolks in the main line, I may refer to Lady 
Elizabeth's daughters, still represented. 

(v) ELIZABETH married as his second wife in 1642 Algernon Percy, 4th 
Earl of Northumberland, and became the grandmother of Lady 
Elizabeth Percy, who was married three times before she was 
sixteen, and who was dealt with at some length by the present 

(i95) 




32 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

writer in the English Illustrated Magazine of March, 1898. The 
Earldom of Northumberland became extinct (1670) in Lady 
Elizabeth's father, the fifth Earl. Her son, Algernon Seymour, 
by her third husband (the Duke of Somerset), was created Earl 
of Northumberland in 1749. The latter's daughter married Sir 
Hugh Smithson, who succeeded to the Earldom, in 1750, and 
was created Duke of Northumberland in 1766. This Smithsonised 
Percy was the ancestor of the present Duke. 

(vi) MARGARET married, in 1640, Roger (Boyle), ist Earl of Orrery, who 
is represented in the main line to-day by the Earl of Cork. In 
this connection I may recall the fact that the fourth son of the 
8th Earl married (in 1845) Eleanor Vere, daughter of Alexander 
Gordon of Ellon. She is well known as a writer on gardening 
under the initials " E. V. B.". 
(vii) FRANCES married Sir Edward Villiers, and became the mother of 

the ist Earl of Jersey, and the ancestor of the present Earl. 
In order to place clearly the descent of Lady Elizabeth Home's sons (who 
succeeded each other), I rearrange them thus : 

(ii) GEORGE (Howard), 4th Earl of Suffolk (1625-1691), succeeded his 
brother, the third Earl (see below), and was succeeded by his brother 
(iii) HENRY, 5th Earl of Suffolk (1627-1709), who had 
HENRY, 6th Earl of Suffolk (1670-1718), who had 
CHARLES, 7th Earl of Suffolk (1693-1722). He was succeeded 

by his uncle, 
EDWARD, 8th Earl of Suffolk (1671-1731), who was succeeded 

by his brother, 
CHARLES, gth Earl of Suffolk (1675-1733). He had 

HENRY, loth Earl of Suffolk (1706-1745), who exhausted Lady 
Elizabeth Home's male issue. I now return to the eldest son. 

THE BARONS HOWARD DE WALDEN. 

(i) JAMES (Howard), 3rd Earl of Suffolk (1620-1689), died without male 
issue, his Earldom going to his brother (as above), and his barony 
of Howard de Walden falling into abeyance between his daughters 
(G. E. C.'s Complete Peerage, iv., 265). 
LADY ESSEX HOWARD married, in 1667, Edward (Griffin), ist Baron 

Griffin, but her male issue became extinct in 1799, when her 

right to the Barony of Howard de Walden went to the issue 

of her sister, 
LADY ELIZABETH HOWARD (1656-1681), married Sir Thomas 

Felton, Bart., and had 

ELIZABETH FELTON, married, in 1695, John (Hervey), ist Earl 
of Bristol, and had 

(196) 



GIGHT. 33 

LORD HERVEY, died (in 1743) before his father, and had 
GEORGE WILLIAM, 2nd Earl of Bristol (1721-1775). 
AUGUSTUS JOHN, 3rd Earl of Bristol (1724-1779). 
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS, 4th Earl of Bristol and Bishop 01 
Derry, 1730-1803, whose daughter, Elizabeth, married, as 
his second wife, the 5th Duke of Devonshire (see Vere 
Foster's Two Duchesses}. He had 
LORD HERVEY (1757-1796), who left a daughter, 

ELIZABETH HERVEY, married Charles Rose Ellis (1771- 
1845), w ho was created Baron Seaford in 1826, and 
by him had 

CHARLES AUGUSTUS (Ellis), 2nd Baron Seaford, who 
got the Barony of Howard de Walden on petition 
(1807). He had 

FREDERICK (Ellis), the 7th Baron Howard de 
Walden, the father of the present peer, 
THOMAS, 8th Baron Howard de Walden, born 

1880. 

FREDERICK WILLIAM (Hervey), the second son of the 
Bishop, succeeded as 5th Earl in 1803, and was created 
Marquis of Bristol in 1826. He died in 1859, having 
had 

FREDERICK, 2nd Marquis of Bristol (1800-1864). He had 
FREDERICK, 3rd and present Marquis of Bristol (born 
1834)- 



JOHN GORDON, IV. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of I. : died before 1592.) 

The Gight family had been so unlucky in the matter of male issue 
that the estates reverted, in the person of the fourth laird, to a son of 
the first, for the third laird, who left an only daughter, was succeeded 
by his uncle, John Gordon, who had held the lands of Adiell in 
Strichen, and also those of Ardmachar. 

1577. Oct. 20. John Gordon of Audiaill witnessed charter by which George 
Gordon of Gight made provision for his wife, Agnes Beaton (Great Seal, Nov. 22, 1577). 

1581. July 31. John Gordon of Adiwill was served heir of entail to his 
nephew, George Gordon of Gight (Retours). 

(197) CC 



34 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1581. Nov. 21. John Gordon of Adiell (or Adiwell) was served heir special 
to his nephew George in the lands of Schives with superiority (Inquisit. Generates). 

1581. Dec. 21. Vicecomes de Aberdeen necnon marusfeodi ejusdem, vice- 
comes dicti vicecomitatus de Abirdene in hac parte ex deliberatione dominorum 
consilii specialiter constitutus, respondebunt pro 96 de firmis totarum et integrarum 
terrarum et baronie de Scheves, cum superioritate, tenentibus, tenandriis et libere- 
tenentium servitiis, jacentium infra balliam suam, existentium in manibus Supremi 
domini nostri regis per spatium duorum annorum aut eo circa ultime elapsorum 
sasina non recuperata : et pro 48 de relevio earundem, reservato tamen vitali redditu 
totarum et integrarum terrarum et aliarum particulariter subscriptarum, que sunt 
partes et pendicule prefate baronie Schives. . . . Elizabethe Gordoun domine vitalis 
redditus earundem, pro toto tempore vite sue, necnon reservato vitali redditu totarum 
et integrarum terrarum et aliarum subscriptarum, que etiam sunt partes et pendicule 
prefate baronie de Schives, videlicet . . . cum partibus, pendiculis, annexis, et con- 
nexis, domine Agnete Betoun, domine vitalis redditus earundem, pro toto tempore 
vite sue ; regi debitis per sasinam datam Joanni Gordoun de Adyell [Edinburgh, 
2 Dec.] (Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, xxi., 461-2). 

1585. April 5. The king confirms the charter by John Gordon of Gight 
(which, with the consent of William, his son and apparent heir) for fulfilment of a 
contract entered into between Sir Patrick Gordon of Auchindoun, tutor dative to 
Elizabeth, daughter and heir legally served to the late George Gordon of Scheves and 
in name of Agnes Betoun his spouse on the one part, and the said John in name of 
Marjorie Gordon his spouse and the said William for himself and in name of Eliza- 
beth Auchterlonie his spouse on the other part, of the date at Aberdeen, 3rd 
January, 1582-3, granting to his grandson, George Gordon, eldest son of the said 
William, the lands and barony of Scheves, etc. Reserving to the said John elder, 
Marjorie, William elder, and Elizabeth Auchterlonie, their life rents as outside the 
terms of the contract between the said John and William, of date 1582, with precept 
of sasine directed to Alexander Gordon in Stanehouse. Reserving also to Elizabeth, 
Lady of Gight, her life rent of the lands and pertinents, etc. The witnesses are 
William Gordon of Auchindoir, three advocates (William Davidson, John Cheyne 
and Patrick Cheyne), and Captain John Gordon [the last probably being Ardmachar's 
son, who was executed for the Donibristle affair of 1592] (Great Seal). 

He seems to have taken part in the great Keith feud of 1587 which 
the Gordons waged, for, according to the diary of George Clark, school- 
master of Deer, quoted in Gordon's Scots Affairs (vol. i., p. xxxiii.), the 
lairds of Lesmoir and Gight, and Captain (John ?) Gordon, the latter's 
son, slew, Nov. 28, 1587, John Keith of Cryallie. This would seem to 
be a different slaughter from that of John Keith of Clachriach which 
occurred a few days later, Dec. 2, 1587. The Keith feud, as I shall 
show later, was going on merrily as late as 1597, when the Town 
Council of Aberdeen intervened. In the Border Papers (i., 309) there is 

( I9 8) 



GIGHT. 35 

a mysterious reference to a slaughter by the " Larde of Gicht, ' for 
Hunsdon, writing to Walsingham, Feb. 2, 158^, says : 

The King . . . sent specially to Huntley to know whether hee woulde obeye 
and performe that comanndement which the King had sent unto him, or noe : which 
was, that hee shoulde put from him those Jessewites which resorted unto him and 
that he shoulde come to Eddinborrowe and bring the Larde of Giche with him who 
killed the Earle of Marches kinsman to aunswer the lawe ; who aunserd that if hee 
might bring his frinds and forces with him hee would bring the Lairde of Giche to 
underlaye the law otherwise not. 

It is difficult to say when the fourth laird died. It is stated 
in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials (iii., 64) that the " laird of Gight was 
killed at the Battle of Balrinnes, Oct. 3, 1594 ". If " John " was at the 
battle of 1594, he must have been more than eighty years of age. Sir 
Robert Gordon, in the Earls of Sutherland (p. 227), mentions the laird 
of Gight among those who were "hurt" in the battle. "John" is 
described as " quondam " in the Great Seal under date November, 1595, 
and yet his son, William, the next laird, is described as "de Geyht" 
in the Great Seal under the date February 4, 1591-2. The Balbithan 
MS. says John married the first laird of Lesmoir's daughter. Captain 
Wimberley, in the Gordons of Lesmoir (p. 17), calls her Marjory. 
Patrick Grant of Rothiemurcus was surety, March 3, 1592-3, for Marjory 
Gordon, " relict " of John Gordon of Gight, in 500 merks, not to assist 
the Catholic Earls (Privy Council Register). Thus it is extremely 
difficult to say when the fourth laird died. 

The fourth laird had four sons and (possibly) seven daughters : 

1. WILLIAM, V. of Gight. 

2. JOHN was admitted a Burgess of Guild of Aberdeen, September 17, 1582. 

He is remembered by reason of his share in the murder of the Bonny 
Earl of Moray, at Donibristle, in Fifeshire, February 7, 1591-2. The Earl 
of Huntly and his brother-in-law were commissioned to arrest the Earl of 
Bothwell, who escaped to Bute. One of his partisans, the Earl of Moray, 
took refuge at Donibristle. There he was besieged by Huntly and a party 
of forty Gordons, including William and John Gordon. Huntly sent the 
latter to summon Moray from the castle ; Gordon was fired on and mortally 
wounded. Huntly then fired the castle, and Moray fled with Patrick 
Dunbar, Sheriff of Moray. The pair were pursued and murdered among 
the rocks by William Gordon of Gight and the laird of Cluny. Calderwood 
(History of Hie Church of Scotland, v., 145) declares that John (" Captain ") 
Gordon was " left for dead at Dinnybrissell ". " His hatt, his purse, his 

(199) 



36 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

gold, his weapons were taken by one of his own companie : his shanks 
were pulled off. He was taken into the Earle of Moray's mother [the 
Baroness Doune, nee Lady Margaret Campbell, daughter of the 4th Earl 
of Argyll], and was cherished with meate and drinke and clothing. A rare 
exemple 1 She brought him over with her sonne's corps to seek justice." 
Gordon protested that he was brought " ignorantlie " into the business : 
" but confessed the Lord had brought him to his shamefull end for his 
menie other great offences ". Wounded as he was, he was executed at 
Edinburgh (i2th February) five days after the murder ; and " hes man was 
hangitt" (Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, i., 358). Lord Moray's mother, 
according to Calderwood, " caused draw her sonne's picture as he was 
demaimed, and presented it to the King in a fyne lane cloath with 
lamentations and earnest suite for justice ". She supported her case by 
exhibiting the three bullets that were found " in the bowelling of the bodie ". 
One of these she presented to the king, another to some one else (not 
named). She kept the third to preserve her sense of revenge. On June, 
1593, according to the Balquhain Charter, No. 659, quoted in the History 
of the Family of Leslie (in., 64), " Marjory Gordon, relict of Captain 
John Gordon, brother of William Gordon of Gight, granted a letter of 
reversion of the lands of Kirkhill, containing the sum of 3000 merks, in 
favour of John Leslie of Balquhain". The Balbithan MS. says that the 
Captain married the " laird of Shevthins daughter Affleck, with whom he 
begat two daughters, and was killed at Dinnibersell without more suc- 
cession ". Captain Gordon's widow, Marjorie Auchinleck, afterwards 
married Robert Burnet, parson of Oyne, who figures in Barclay's protocol, 
1601, as having a large claim on the Gight estates on behalf of his wife 
(Davidson's Earldom of the Garioch, p. 242). 

3. ALEXANDER was a soldier. The Balbithan MS. says that he was " killed at the 
wars in Holland," but Sir Robert Gordon's statement (The Earls of Suther- 
land, p. 180) is probably the more correct. " The yeir of God, 1585, Captane 
Alexander Gordoun (brother to William Gordoun of Gight) wes governor 
of the fort of Tour-Louis, besyd Antwerp, when it was rendered to the 
Duke of Parma : which fort wes manfullie defended by Captane Alexander 
Gordoun a long tyme against the Spaniards, with the losse of much of his 
owne blood, and the lyves of many of his souldiers. Then wes he maid 
governor of Bergen-op-zom by Prince Maurice his excellence, and therefter 
maid Colonell of a Scottish regiment. [This regiment was probably part 
of the Scots Brigade in Holland, for, according to Ferguson's history of 
the same, an Alexander Gordon served in Col. William Stewart's Regiment, 
1579-81.] In end, coming home to visite his friends in Scotland, he wes 
slain in Monteith by some evill willers who had secretlie layd ane ambush 
for him." The issue of this Alexander is not quite clear. According to 
the Balbithan MS. he married " a gentlewoman in Holland, and begat 
with her 

(200) 



GIGHT. 37 

(1) CAPTAIN ALX R GORDON in Holland. This Alexander married -^ 

Holland, and begat 

A son, who was a captain anno 1633." According to Mr. 

James Ferguson's History of the Scots Brigade there was an 

Alexander Gordon in Captain James Scott's company in 1639. 

Sir Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, p. 180) gives a different account of 

Alexander Gordon's issue. He says that he " mareid Jacobee Pedralis of 

Aungadere, ane Italian gentlewoman, by whom he had tuo sons" : 

(2) GEORGE. 

(3) CAPTAIN JOHN, who was slain in Holland. There is a good deal in 

Mr. Ferguson's Scots Brigade about a Captain John Gordon who 
was reported in 1609 to have been absent from his regiment for 
six months. His company fell into a very bad state and was 
discharged. In 1618 his case was still before the States of 
Utrecht, to whom he made references to the services done by his 
father in Brabant. The Captain John Gordon mentioned in the 
Earls of Sutherland had according to that authority (p. 180) a son, 
ALEXANDER. 

4. GEORGE. The Balbithan MS. says he was killed " by the Master of Monteith ". 

But the MS. has mixed him up with his brother, Alexander, for George 
Gordon, according to Sir Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, p. 217), was 
" slain at Harlam in Holland ". He does not appear in the Scots Brigade 
in Holland. The Balbithan MS. says he married " Lady of Skillmaroch " 
(possibly Skillmanee which formed part of Schivas, or Skillymarno in 
Deer) and had a daughter. 

5. MARGARET, married as his second wife, Alexander Chalmers of Strichen. 

Her brother, William (V. of Gight), murdered her husband's step-father, 
Thomas Fraser of Strichen, on Christmas Eve, 1576, at Old Deer. Her 
son, John Chalmers, took part in the fight at Donibristle, 1592. Margaret 
Gordon, according to the Balbithan MS., married secondly " the laird of 
Philorth's brother ". 

6. CATHERINE married John Keith of Clachriach (Great Seal), who was mur- 

dered, December 2, 1589, at the Justice Port, Aberdeen, by her brother, 
William. This led to a feud between the Gordons and the Keiths. She 
was probably the mother of William Keith (brother of George Keith of 
Clachriach), who (with her nephew, John Gordon of Ardlogie) waged a 
deadly war on Leask of that ilk, 1616. 

7. ELSPET, married Arthur Garden of Banchory, who was the son of George 

Garden and Isobel Keith, daughter of John(?) Keith, laird of Troup (brother 
of the 5th Earl Marischal). According to the " Birth Brieves," published 
in the Spalding Club Miscellany, they had 

ALEXANDER GARDEN of Banchory, who married Janet Strachan, and 
had 

(201) 



38 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

GEORGE GARDEN, captain in the German army. He probably was 
the Rittmaster who initiated General Patrick Gordon of Auch- 
leuchries into the ways of foreign service. The mother of the 
Rev. Dr. William Garden Blaikie was descended from this 
family. A Major Garden, "laird of Troup," son to the laird of 
Nether Banchory, died May, 1662. (Scottish Notes and Queries, 
ist series, vii., 54.) 

8. ISOBELL, married (i) Hay, and (2) Patrick Grant of Rothiemurcus 

(Balbithan MS.). According to Eraser's Chiefs of Grant (i., 509), P. Grant of 
Rothiemurchus married Jean Gordon, daughter of "the Laird of Echt"; 
where Echt is evidently a slip for Gight. On May 17, 1616, Captain John 
Gordon was served heir of Jean Gordon, Lady of Rothiemurcus, his 
father's sister (Retours). This confirms Sir Robert Gordon's account of 
Alexander's (3) issue as given above. 

9. A daughter married Patrick (?) Sinclair of Auchynachie (Balbithan MS.\ 

John Sinclair, brother to the laird of Auchynachie, took part in the attack 
made by the Gights on the Hays of Brunthill in 1616 (to be referred to), 
and Patrick Sinclair of Auchynachie took part in the sixth laird of Gight's 
attack on his mother-in-law, Lady Saltoun, in 1618. 

10. A daughter married Gordon, brother of the laird of Haddo (Ibid.). 

11. Daughter married, according to the Familie of Innes (p. 201), John Innes of 

Blackhills, and was the mother of "Crag-in-peril" ("sister-son to the laird 
of Gight "), who married his cousin Marjorie Gordon, daughter of the fifth 
laird of Gight. 



WILLIAM GORDON, V. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of IV. : died 1604.) 

William Gordon, the fifth laird of Gight, son of John, the fourth 
laird, by Margaret Gordon of the Lesmoir family, seemed to have been 
impelled by the double dose of Gordon blood in his veins to outdo his 
predecessors in a spirit of rebellion. The check which the advent of 
the Kirk implied lashed him into a fury of revolt, and this was accentu- 
ated in the conduct of his seven stalwart sons, and several of his 
grandsons, including the eighth laird of Gight, and his cousin, Nathaniel 
Gordon of Ardlogie, whom the Kirk at last beheaded (1646). 

Before he succeeded to Gight in 1592, William had made himself 
a terror. Let me summarise his career : 

No date. According to Colonel Leslie in the History of the Leslies (Hi., 296), he 
killed William Leslie (son of William Leslie, first of Warthill), who had married a 

(202) 



GIGHT. 39 

daughter of Gordon of Auchindoir. Gordon was really quarrelling with Troup of 
Begshall, and Leslie seems to have interfered. At any rate, he was killed more by 
accident than design. 

1576. Dec. 23. The murder of Thomas Fraser. On this date William Gordon 
killed Thomas Fraser of Strichen (step-father-in-law of Gordon's sister, Margaret, 
who had married Alexander Chalmers). Fraser and Gordon appear to have met at 
the village of Old Deer. Some quarrel occurred between them on the way home. 
Gordon followed Fraser, and coming up with him on the bridge which spans the 
Ugie, struck him a blow with his sword, killing him on the spot. Gordon was after- 
wards obliged to pay 5,000 merks as compensation for the murder. Lord Saltoun, 
who tells the story in this way (Frasers of Philorth, ii., 148-9), scouts the origin of the 
quarrel as given in Anderson's History of the Family of Fraser. Anderson gives an 
account of how the estate of Strichen first came into the possession of one of the 
name ; but this is " altogether incorrect ". He says that Isobel Forbes, " daughter of 
Forbes of Corfurdie, had taken as her first husband William Chalmers of Strichen. 
This person's elder brother, George Chalmers, had been long abroad and there was 
little chance of his returning. William died in possession of the estate. His widow 
sometime after married Thomas Fraser, son of Philorth, who assumed the title 
of Strichen. But the old proprietors, unwilling to part with their inheritance, 
threatened to dispossess him, and their disputes led to several fruitless conferences. 
The Chalmers in their necessity had recourse to Gordon of Gight. He and Fraser 
met at Old Deer in the hopes of effecting a compromise, but the overtures of either 
party meeting with contempt, Gordon in a rage followed after Fraser, and coming 
behind him at the Bridge of Deer, laid him dead with one blow of his two-handed 
sword." Anderson quotes MSS. of the Strichen Family and the Wardlaiv MSS., "but 
the evidence of charters shows how little dependence can be placed upon those 
MSS. From the charters the whole story seems to have been an invention of the 
authors of the MSS., and it is highly improbable that the quarrel which took place 
between Thomas Fraser and Gordon of Gight could have any connection with the 
purchase of Strichen." 

1582. May g. William Gordon, " apperand of Gycht," was made a free 
Burgess of Aberdeen. 

1584. April 5. The following charter (of which a partial translation has 
already been given under John IV.) is very important for its genealogical information : 
Rex confirmavit cartam Joannis Gordoun de Geycht [qua, cum consensu Willelmi 
G. filii sui et apparentis heredis ob perimpletionem contractus initi inter Pat. 
Gordoun de Auchindoun militem, tutorem dativum Eliz. G. filie et heredis legitim, 
deservite quondam Georgii G. de Scheves, et nomine Agnetis Betoun ejus sponse, ab 
una, et dictum Jo. ac nominibus Marjorie Gordoun sponse sue et dicti Wil., et 
dictum Wil. pro ipso et nomine Eliz. Auchterlownie ejus sponse, ab altera partibus, 
de data apud Abirdene, 3 Jan. 1582 vendidit nepoti suo Georgio Gordoun filio 
seniori dicti Wil. terras et baroniam de Scheves, viz. terras dominicales maneriei 
de Geicht cum turre et fortalicio, hortis et pomariis, terras de Littill Geicht cum 

(203) 



40 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

molendinis granorum et fullonum, terras de Fadounhill, Brukilleisseit, Blakhillok, 
Mylnebreche, Swanfurde, Bawquhannachie cum molendino, Middlemure, Cow(k)- 
stoune, Mekill Ardoch cum molendino, Carnorie, Newsait, Littill Ardoch, Lentathe, 
Baythnagoakis major et minor, Auchincreiff, Monletie, Newtoun de Scheves et 
Skelmanay, cum tenentibus etc. advocatione ecclesiarum et capellaniarum, sal- 
monum piscatione super aqua de Ithane, vie. Abirdene : Tenend. dicto Geo. et 
heredibus masc. ejus de corpore legit, procreandis ; quibus deficientibus, Joanni G. 
filio secundario dicti Wil., et heredibus etc. (ut supra) : quibus def., Willelmo G. 
filio tertio genito dicti Wil., et heredibus etc. (ut supra) : quibus def. heredibus masc. 
quibuscunque dicti Wil. senioris, de rege : Reservando dictis Jo. seniori Marjorie, 
Wil. seniori et Eliz. A. vitalem redditum, juxta tenorem contractus inter dictos Jo. 
et Wil., initi de data . . . 1582 : cum precepto sasine directo Alexandro Gordoun 
in Stanehous : Reservando insuper Eliz. Gordoun domine de Geycht vitalem red- 
ditum terrarum et pertinen. ratione tertie aut conjuncte infeodationis Test. Wil. 
Gordoun de Auchindoir, Magistris Wil. Davidsoun, Jo. Cheyne, Pat. Cheyne, advo- 
catis, capitano Jo. Gordoun : Apud 1582] (Great Seal). 

1587. Jan. 12. William Gordon of "Geicht" and George Gordon of Crichie 
(his son-in-law ?) were caution for David Craik (Privy Council Register). 

1587-97. Vendetta with the Keiths. Caution in 1,000 was given on May 20, 
1587, by John, son and apparent heir of John Gordon of Cairnburrow, that William 
Gordon should cause rebuild and repair the place of Cairnbannoch, lately demolished 
by certain persons at his command, in as good state as " before the doun- 
casting of the same," at the sight of John Gordon of Pitlurg, George Gordon of 
Kindrocht, Michael Fraser of Stonywood, Johnne Fraser of Crichie, and Gilbert 
Hay of Park, or any three of them conjunctly, between this date and 2Oth June 
next. Sir George Ogilvy of Dunlugas gave caution, 2,000, that William Gordon 
of " Geyth " should not harm John Keith, fiar of Troup, brother of George, Earl 
Marischal, and his tenants of the lands of Cairnbannoch. On Dec. 2, 1587, William 
Gordon murdered his sister's husband, John Keith of Clachriach. On Nov. 
28, 1587, the lairds of Lesmoir and Gight and Captain (John ?) Gordon (the brother of 
William), who was beheaded for his share in the Donnibristle affair (1592), killed John 
Keith of Cryallie (Diary of George Clark, quoted in the preface to Gordon's Scots 
Affairs, vol. i., p. xxxiii.). For the murder of Clachriach young Gight had to fly, and he 
was harboured at Linlithgow by Huntly, who declined to surrender him to the king. 
Notwithstanding the Acts of Parliament (and especially the Act 1584, c. 17, iii., 301) 
forbidding litigants to come to courts except in " sic noumer and cumpany as the 
saidis actis provydis, under the pane of incurring the cryme of convocatioun of his 
Hienes lieges," yet the king is informed that George, Earl Marischal, and the friends 
of the late Johnne Keyth of Glak on the one side, and William Gordoun of Geych and 
his accomplices on the other side (which latter are charged to answer in the Tolbooth 
of Edinburgh upon 5th January next for the slaughter of the said late Johnne), 
intend to come, with a convocatioun of their adherents respectively, to the said 
diet. Now there being among them " sindrie deidlie feidis," both parties are charged 

(204) 



GIGHT. 41 

under the penalty above written to repair to the said Tolbooth, with no more 
attendance than is authorised by the said Acts of Parliament (Privy Council Register}. 
The Keith feud was going on merrily as late as 1597, when (on April 29) the 
magistrates of Aberdeen thought it necessary to dispatch the Bishop of the Diocese 
and his man, as an ambassador to Gight and Inverugie, "so as to secure peice betuix 
the lairds of Gycht and [Keith of] Benholme ". But his lordship's mission was a 
failure, for on December 30 George, Earl Marischal, and his wife, Margaret Ogilvy, 
John Keith, Captain of Dunnottar, and James Hog in Ballyedrie, complained to the 

Privy Council that Alexander Keyth in and his accomplices had been convicted 

of having stolen from the said lady a gray horse and from Hog two mares. But 
because the culprit was a Keith, the assize had continued the pronouncing of doom 
upon him till they had " devysit ane forme of death to him," and in the meantime 
had delivered him to the said captain, to be kept in the said castle. He had 
escaped thence, and the complainers have ever since used all diligence not only for 
his re-apprehension, but also for recovery of the said goods. At last they had found 
the animals " gangand and pasturand " upon the lands of Gight, in the possession 
of Gordon of Gight and certain of his tenants. Thereupon they had attached the 
goods and desired the laird of Gight to make restitution of them, offering to 
" verifie the horse and meiris challenged ". The laird of Gight however not only 
refused to deliver up the said goods, but " maist maliciouslie and cruellie," accom- 
panied by George Gordon (and three others), and divers other of his men, all armed 
with hagbuts, pistolets, jacks, steelbonnets, swords, gauntlets and other weapons, 
pursued the said Hog, and those with him at the said challenge, and wounded them 
in divers parts of their bodies. Farther, ever since the said Alexander's escape he 
had been resetted and maintained by Gight. The pursuers appearing by Mr. George 
Fraser, their procurator, the laird of Gight for neither appearing, nor having entered 
Keyth as charged, is to be denounced rebel (Ibid.). 

1589. April 10. Gight was commanded as a rebel to surrender his castle 
within six hours after being demanded (Ibid.). 

1590. Dec. 16. He had to find caution in 10,000 for the preservation of good 
order on his estate (Ibid.). By the Act of Parliament passed in July, 1587 (Acts, iii., 
461-467), all landlords and bailies on the borders and in the Highlands on whose 
lands broken men dwell are required to find sufficient sureties within fifteen days 
after being charged under pain of rebellion, that they, and all for whom they are 
" bound to " answer by the general bond, shall keep good rule in the country, and 
also that they shall make themselves and their men answerable to justice. Accord- 
ingly certain persons are ordered to find caution to the effect foresaid. 

1591. June 30. The lairds of Gight, Auchindoun, Cluny, Lord Huntly and 
others had got commissions to arrest the laird of Grant, who on this date got the 
commission suspended (Ibid.). 

1591-2. Feb. 7. The murder of the "Bonny " Earl of Moray. Gight took part 
in the affair at Donibristle, for which his brother Captain John was executed. Sir 
Robert Gordon (Earls of Sutherland, p. 216) says that it was the Laird of Gight who 

(205) DD 



42 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

actually killed the Earl "among the rocks of the sea". On March 22, 1592, the 
Privy Council denounced the Earl of Huntly and others concerned in the affair. 
William Gordon of Gight, and others, having failed to appear " at ane certain day 
bigane as charged to answer touching the lait tressounable raising of fyre and 
burning of the place and houssis of Dunnybirsell and slauchter of umquhill James, 
Erll of Murray, and certane uthiris being thairin," are to be denounced rebels. 
This order was merely for form's sake and by way of legal sequence to a charge 
previously given. In fact the Earl of Huntly and his associates were now free 
from all chance of pursuit. David Moysie in his Memoirs noticed that Huntly had 
warded himself by arrangement in Blackness Castle on March 10, but that his 
associates had neglected to ward themselves at the same time in Edinburgh Castle 
as had also been arranged. The minutes of proceedings in the Earl's case are 
"suspiciously scanty" in the Register of Council. It was a disagreeable affair, and 
a good deal may have been left purposely unregistered. On March 9, 1593, William 
Gordon's arrest " for treasonable fire raising and burning of the place of Dynnibirsill " 
was again ordered. On March 16, however, he was relaxed from the horn (Privy 
Council Register). 

1593. Feb. n. The king gave ("pro bono servitio ") and gave anew (" de novo") to 
William Gordoun "de Geicht" the lands "vocatas lie Mures de Fyvie," which included 
Maktarie, Blachrie, Badichellis, Murefundlands and Swanford, which William 
Meldrum of Moncoffer, brother of George of Fyvie, resigned "pro hoc infeofamento 
conficiendo " (Great Seal). 

1593. March i. William Gordon was one of those who witnessed at Aberdeen 
a bond of caution in 20,000 that Lord Huntly should keep the peace (Privy Council 
Register). 

1594. Oct. 3. Calderwood says that the laird of Gight was killed at the 
battle of Glenlivet (History of the Church of Scotland, v.. 351), but this is not so, for 
he got remission in 1603 (Spalding Club Misc., iv., 159). 

I 595- July 26. The king confirmed the charter of Sir Richard Cockburn of 
Clerkingtoun, junior. With the consent of Patrick Barclay of Towie and William 
Meldrum "de Haltoun," he had sold the lands to Gight and his wife, Isobel. 

159$. Feb. John Carey writes to Burghley that the Duke of Lennox had 
frustrated most of Huntly's friends, including "Geithe" (Border Papers, ii., 15). 

1595. Nov. 15. The king granted the lands of Carnefechill, Auchinlek and 
Pittrichie to Robert Maitland of Auchincrieff, who had sold them to William Gordon 
of Gight and Elizabeth Gordon (Great Seal). 

1595. April. He was excommunicated (Calderwood's History, v., 366). 

1596. March. The General Assembly ordered his arrest, and, a little later, 
that he should be "chargeit to come south" (Acts of Assembly : Bannatyne Club, 
Part iii., pp. 873, 877). 

1596. March 24. At the General Assembly of the Kirk in Edinburgh (the 
sixtieth of the series of General Assemblies since the Reformation, and an unusually 
memorable Assembly) a memorial representing grievances was sent to His Majesty, 

(206) 



GIGHT. 43 

who was urged, amongst other things, " to cause the lairds of Cluny, Geicht, and a 
number of others, to enter themselves in ward " (Privy Council Register and Booke of 
the Kirk of Scotland, v., 409, 417). 

1597. Jan. 27. William Gordon was made a burgess of Aberdeen (New 
Spalding Club Miscellany). 

1597. June 24. William Gordon was one of the sureties to George, Earl 
Huntly, who gave caution in 20,000 that he would not communicate with Jesuits. 
The bond was subscribed at Aberdeen on this date (Privy Council Register). 

1598. July 25. William Gordon of Gight, as cautioner for John Innes, alias 
McCarie, elder, burgess of Elgin (who was accused as art and part in the slaughter 
of the wife of the provost of Elgin), is fined 400 merks, being double of the penalty 
prescribed by the Act of Parliament, because he was at the horn. Who this John 
Innes was I do not know: his too-name was McCarie: his Gight connection may 
point to his belonging to the Inneses of Blackhills (Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, ii., 42). 

The vendetta with the Mowats. Having tired of his feud with the Keiths and 
the Kirk, Gight turned his attention to the Mowats and the Hays. On Sept. 10, 
1601, Magnus Mowat of Balquholie (a deduction of whose family appeared in Scottish 
Notes and Queries, Dec. 1898, Jan. 1899), complained to the Privy Council that, 
although he is heritably infeft in the lands of Balmelie and others after specified, 
and he and his predecessors have peaceably possessed the same past memory of 
man, yet Williame Gordon of Geicht, John and Alexander, his sons, and George 
Gordoun in Bridgend, envying the pursuer's possession, and not content to live 
in peace "as it becomis Christianis," continually trouble and molest him. For 
example: (i) In May, 1601, the said George, having the roum of Brigend adjacent to 
the complainer's lands of Balmelie, built a fold dyke within the bounds of the pur- 
suer's said lands ; and, while Johne Mowat, servitor to the complainer, endeavoured 
to stay the erection- of the same, the said George and his brother, armed with lances, 
swords and pistolets, shot the said John with a pistol and afterwards wounded him 
with a sword; (2) Upon June 5 Gordon of Geycht and the said George, in Brigend, 
with others to the number of twenty men, all armed with hagbuts, pistolets, swords 
and lances, came to the lands of Balquholie, "raid athort and trampit doun the comes 
sawin thairupoun," wounded Robert Catto, servitor to the complainer, "with ane 
reach of ane pistolett on the face," hurt Andro J affray, likewise his servitor, with a 
sword in the shoulders, and afterwards presented a pistolet at Thomas Cheyne, also 
complainer's servant ; (3) Upon June 6 the said John Gordon, accompanied by the 
said George and others, to the number of 300 persons, on horse and foot, all armed 
with jacks, hagbuts, spears, steelbonnets, swords and gauntlets, came again to the 
said lands of Balquholie, and tramped down and destroyed the corns ; (4) Upon 
June John and William, sons of the said John Gordon of Gight, accompanied by 
a number of " evill disposed persons," came to complainer's lands of Lescraigie, 
Galstoun and Bromhill, broke up the doors and windows of his tenants' houses, 
sought them for their slaughter, and, having apprehended William Smythe, one of 
the said tenants, struck him in his own house, and carried him as prisoner to the 

(207) 



44 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

place of Gight. Charge had been given to the said William Gordon of Gight. 
William and Adam Gordon, his third and fourth sons, Robert Dalgleische in Stanie- 
hous of Gight, Walter Maitland, servitor to the said William Gordon, and others, 
John Gordon, second son of the laird of Gight, George Gordon at the Brigend, 
Patrik Gordon and others, servitors to the laird of Gight, and others, to appear on 
Sept. 10 and answer ; and now the pursuer appearing the order is to denounce all 
the defenders for non-appearance (Privy Council Register). 

How the Laird of Gight defied the law. On Sept. 27, 1601, Alexander Chalmer, 
messenger (according to his complaint to the Privy Council on October 24), 
executed letters raised against William Gordon of Gight by Magnus Mowat, 
apparent of Balquholie, charging him to answer for certain crimes and to find 
law surety to Mowat. While returning from the place of execution Chalmer was 
pursued by a number of Gordon's men, and violently brought back to the laird of 
Gight, who at first sight of the officer would have shot him with a pistolet if he 
had not been stayed by some persons present. "He then hurlit him within his hall, 
tuik the copyis " of the said letters, believing them to be the principal letters, and 
"kaist thame in a dische of bree," and forced the said officer "to sup and swallow 
thame, held ane drawne dagger foiranent his hairt, avowing with mony horrible and 
blasphemous aithis to have thrust the dager throw his hairt gif he had not suppit 
the saidis copyis ; and efter that the said officer, for feir and saulftie of his lyfe, had 
swallowit the saidis copeis, the said laird getting some previe informatioun that the 
principall letters wer yet extant and that the copeis wer only destroyit, he come to 
the said officer in a new rage and furie, raif the principall letters onte of his sleif, raif 
thame in peices, and kaist thame in the fyre." Gordon not appearing, the order is to 
denounce him rebel. This bit of bravado seems to have become quite historic, for 
twenty-eight years later (that is in 1629) Luke Simpson complained to the Privy 
Council of an attack that had been made on him by James Wishart of Potterrow, 
who told him when he came to serve a summons, " Luke, the Laird of Gight caused 
ane messenger eat his awin letters". When Luke reminded Wishart that Gight 
"wes caused pay als weill thairfore," Wishart struck him in the face. On Oct. 17, 
1601, the Marquis of Huntly was rebuked for carelessness in the execution of the 
laws within the bounds of his northern lieutenancy, and especially for his laxness 
in dealing with Gordon of Gight. "And how that now of lait thair wes a maist 
vyld contempt and indignitie done to his Majestic be William Gordoun of Geycht, 
quha, to the contempt and dishonnour of his Majestic, forceit and compellit ane 
officer of armes to supe his Majesteis letters, quhilkis the said officer had put to 
executioun againis him." Accordingly, his Majestic, in presence of the Council, 
commands the Marquis to apprehend the said Gordoun of Geycht and to bring 
him "quick or deid " to his Highness, or if the said Gordoun escape apprehension, 
then to do his utmost in holding him furth of the bounds of his office and to assist 
the King's servants in intromitting with the goods and house of the culprit. 

The Mowat vendetta prolonged until the year 1610. On Feb. 16, 1604, George, 
Earl Marischal, was caution for Magnus Mowat, fiar of Balquholly, not to harm 

(208) 



GIGHT. 45 

William Gordon of Gight. On Feb. 24, 1604, the warrant of the Privy Council 
was subscribed by Lord Fyvie, commanding James Prymrois, clerk, to receive 
the Marquis of Huntly as caution for William Gordon of Gight for the indemnity 
of the laird of Balquholly, and to receive William Chalmer of Drumlettie as 
surety for Gight for his compearance before the Council. On March i, 1604, 
Chalmer gave caution in 2,000 merks for William Gordon ; and on March 14, 1604, 
George, Marquis of Huntly, gave caution for William Gordoun of Gight and 
his servant, 5,000 merks not to harm Magnus Mowat, fiar of Balquholie. Mr. 
Alexander Cumyng, advocate, registers and write's the bond, which is subscribed at 
Leith, February 23, before Alexander, laird of Spynie, John Gordon of Cairn- 
burrow, John Gordon, his son, John Gordon of Pitlurg. On June 14, 1606, Robert 
Drummond of the Dole of Carnock was caution for Andrew Meldrum of Drumbrek 
in 100 to answer before the Council on July 17 to the complaint of Magnus 
Mowat, fiar of Balquholie, for coming with the laird of Gight to his place. On 
May 23, 1608, Sir Thomas Ker of Hilton was caution for Gight's second son, John, 
to appear before the Privy Council in answer to complaints by Magnus Mowat 
and not to harm Mowat. On July 28, 1610, James Gordon of Lesmoir was caution 
in 100 merks for Patrick Gordon, in Tulloch, sometime domestic servitor to the late 
William Gordon of Gight, to answer before the Council on Nov. 22 to the complaint 
of Magnus Mowat. On the latter date Patrick Gordon complained to the Council 
against Mowat for suspension of horning " as he has never been lawfully charged is 
most innocent, and had nevertheless found caution in 100 merks to answer this day 
and to pay 10 merks for his escheat to the Treasurer, the horning should be sus- 
pended simpliciter". Pursuer appearing, but not the defender, the Lords suspend 
the horning (Privy Council Register). 

A midnight attack on Turriff. 1601. July 18. A complaint was made to the 
Privy Council on Sept. 10, 1601, by Alexander Coupland and William Duffus, in- 
habitants of Turriff, Ralph Anislie, servitor to Francis, Earl of Erroll, and Alexander, 
Master of Elphingstoun, as follows : Upon July 18 last Johne Gordoun, second son 
of the laird of Geicht, accompanied by Patrik Gordoun, servitor, and George 
Troupe, burgess in Aberdene, came to the town of Turriff and pursued Coupland and 
Anislie for their lives, wounding Anislie beyond hope of recovery. William Gordoun 
of Geicht, being informed of what had happened, and having " enterit in commun- 
ing " with George Hay, parson and minister of Turriff, the said minister had given 
him his word that the whole of the inhabitants of the said town should be answerable 
for any injury done to himself, his son, or any of his company ; whereupon the 
laird of Gight had departed, and all the inhabitants, thinking themselves thereby 
secure for the time, had retired to rest. Yet, in spite of this agreement, William 
Gordon of Gight, George Gordon, his son and apparent heir, William and Adam, 
also his sons, and others, and Patrik Gordon (servitor), George Gordon at the 
Brigend (and three servitors), and many others, came to the town of Turriff that 
same night at twelve o'clock, all armed with long guns, spears, and pistolets, and 
" oppresst the haill toun ". More especially, they went to the dwelling-house of 

(209) 



46 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

William Duffus, and "thair tuik him furth of his bed, and brocht him to the gait, he 
being sark allane ; quhair the laird of Geicht seeing him, drew his sword, and had 
slaine him, unles ane of his cumpany keppit the straik upoun ane lang gun. Thair- 
efter the said William Duffus fled for feir of his lyfe, quhilk the Laird of Geicht 
persaveing, cryit, ' Lett him not away, hot schuite him ' ; quhairupoun dyvers 
schottis wer schot at him with pistolettis, muscattis and hacquebuttis. In end, he 
was schot with ane muscat with nyne bulletis in dyvers pairtis of his body, quhairby 
the said Williame remanis in sic danger of his lyfe as na man knawis quhat houre 
he sail die." Charge had been given to the defenders above written to appear on Sept. 
10 and answer, and now the said William Duffus, appearing for himself and the other 
pursuers, the Lords ordain the defenders to be denounced rebels for non-appearance 
(Privy Council Register). 

1601. Oct. 30. A commission was granted to the Earl of Erroll of justiciary 
against Gordon of Gight and the rebels who adhered to him : William Gordon of 
Gight, John, Adam and William, his sons, George Gordoun, sometime at the Brigend 
of Turreff, now in Little Geycht, Patrik Gordoun, servitor, and others, on account 
of recent counts brought against them. The execution of this commission against 
the said laird of Geicht is superseded, however, till Nov. 15 next (Ibid.). Gight, 
however, had escaped across the Border, for on Nov. 21, 1601, Sir John Carey, 
the Governor, writes to Cecil : "Ther is a leard of Scottland named the Leard of 
Gethe, wiche for some particulars amongest themselves hathe byn thought fitt bey 
the Kinge to be banyshed for a tyme his owen counterey : whoe hathe mad choyse 
to com hether tyll his remission be granted and tyll the Earle of Arrell can be gred 
withe him. This Lerd of Gethe is the onley prinsepall man of the Earle of Huntleyes 
howes, and on that hathe ever parted him in all his actyones, and is on that maye 
doe most and knowes most of the carles mynd of aney man livinge." On Dec. 17, 
1601, Carey again writes : " For the Earl of Huntly's offer by Gethe, I shall as you 
direct let it fall. Yet I would have been glad that it might have been accepted at 
the least with thanks if but to have kept them from doing ill, for no man living in 
Scotland has more power to harm his Majesty, and is therefore worth keeping in 
good terms" (Border Papers, ii., 775-6). 

1602. Jan. 17. As notwithstanding the promise made by George, Marquis 
of Huntly, and his obligation by an Act of Council (see Oct. 17, 1601) to keep 
William Gordon of Geycht furth of his lieutenancy while at the horn for the " vyld 
contempt and indignitie" done to the King's officer, the said Gordoun has returned 
within the realme and has passed home, or at least haunts the said bounds, there 
is order to charge the Marquis to enter Gordoun before the Council upon - 

to answer (Privy Council Register). 

1603. Feb. 22. William Gordon of Gight was one of the sureties in 4,000 
merks that the Marquis of Huntly should appear before the Privy Council on April 10 
(Ibid.). 

1603. Oct. 17. William Gordon of Gight gave caution for Robert Birney in 
Brakley Tarves 1,000 merks not to harm James Gordon of Haddo, or Johnne 

(210) 



GIGHT. 47 

Gordoun of Tirelt. Mr. Lawrence registers the bond, subscribed at the Kirk of 
Tarves, 6th October, before William Prot, George Pringle, William Kar, William 
Steward, Johnne Meldrum, William Gordoun, and William Leslie, notary public 
(Privy Council Register). 

1605. April. William Gordon was put to the horn for not paying to William 
Buchan and James Anderson, burgesses of Aberdeen, the sum of 200 merks with 
54 as principal and 405. for expenses. On Aug. 15? 1605, it was reported to the 
Privy Council that Gordon " remains at the horn unrelaxed ". The Lords ordered 
the captain of the guard to apprehend him and " remove his family furth of his 
house and inventory his goods for his Majesty's use " (Ibid.). 

1605. His death. William Gordon died in this year, and in death gave nearly 
as much trouble as when in life, for he was buried with Roman Catholic honours. 
On January 3, 1607, the king sent a letter from Whitehall to the Privy Council of 
Scotland " concerning the mode of dealing with noble men suspected in their 
religion". In the course of the epistle his Majesty said: "And heirwith we are 
specialie to recommend unto you that exact tryall be taikin of these two verie 
heynous offenceis committed at the two severall buryallis and funerallis of the 
Lord Ogilvy and Laird of Geicht, quhairin ther wes sum superstitious ceremoneis 
and rittes used as gif the profession of papistrie had bene specialie licenced and 
tolerated, and upon the knauledge of the authouris of those insolenceis, owre plesour 
and will is that ye do presentlie commit thame, and efter the examination of all the 
particular circumstances in that mater that ye acquent us thairwith to the effect 
that we may returne bak unto yow owre will and pleasour thairin ". At Edinburgh, 
April 2, 1607, Sir Thomas Hamiltoun, King's Advocate, complained to the Privy 
Council as follows: "Notwithstanding the Acts of Parliament against 'superstitious 
and popische rates,' yet at the burial of William Gordoun of Geycht, George Craw- 
ford, now servitor to Hay of Urie, of the special causing of George Gordoun, 

now of Geycht, bore a crucifix on a spear immediately before the corps the whole 
way in the place of burial, the said George being present on the occasion and 
assisting at this superstitious and popische custom " (Privy Council Register). 

William Gordon married Isobel Ochterlony, daughter of (William ?) 
Ochterlony of Kelly (Balbithan MS.). In the charter chest of Lord 
Morton (Hist. MSS. Com., 2nd Report, Appendix, p. 184) there is a 
letter from " Dame Elizabeth Gordon Lady of Gycht," under date 1597. 
Alice Lady Morton declined to let me examine it. Isobel Ochterlony 
died in May, 1604, and like her spouse was buried according to the 
rites of the Roman Catholic Church. On April 2, 1607, Sir Thomas 
Hamilton, the King's Advocate, complained to the Privy Council that 
at the funeral David Wilson, tenant of part of the lands of Gight 

By command of George Gordon, now of Geycht, the Lady's son, careyed ane 
crucifix upoun ane speir immediatelie before the corps of the said umquhill Issobell 

(3X1) 



48 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

the haill way to the place of her buriall. Charge had been given to George Gordon, 
David Wilsoun and George Crawfurd to answer, and now pursuer appearing, but none 
of the defenders, the Lords, after hearing the depositions of certain witnesses, find 
the libel proved against Gordoun in both points, and also the charge against Craw- 
furd, and therefore ordain both to enter in ward in the Castle of Edinburgh within 
eighteen days after being commanded under pain of rebellion (Privy Council Register). 
On May 13, 1604, John Melville, painter in Aberdeen, was summoned by the Pres- 
bytery for painting the crucifix. 

William Gordon and his spouse, Isobel Ochterlony, had seven sons 
and seven daughters. All the boys followed in the footsteps of their 
sire one of the daughters, even, was charged with a brutal assault on 
a man ; and the grandchildren of the laird (the sons of his sons and of 
his daughters alike) became notorious. The issue of the fifth laird was 
as follows : 

1. GEORGE, VI. of Gight. 

2. JOHN, of Ardlogie. He was the father of the famous Royalist, Nathaniel, and 

himself was a redoubtable warrior. In 1601 he took part in the Turriff 
Raid, to which I have referred. But his chief contribution to the history 
of his house was his connection with a dare-devil gang of marauders, 
called the " Societie and Companie of Boyis," or " Knights of the 
Mortar " (who are fully described in the Privy Council Register). They 
went about the country as champions of Rome, but their real object was 
plunder. On January 20, 1607, the Privy Council wrote a letter to the 
Marquis of Huntly calling on him to suppress the " Societie " as follows : 
" After owre verye hairtlie commendationis to your goode Lordships : 
We ar informed of a very great insolence begun, and like to grow to a 
greater hicht, within the boundis of your Lordshipis office be Johne Gor- 
doun, callit of Gycht, Forbes of Corsindae, Patrik Mclnneis, and some 
otheris, who, having associat unto thameselffis ane nomber of deboscheit 
and laules lymmaris calling thameselffis 'The Societie and Companie of 
Boyis,' they haif most unlauchfullie and seditiouslie bound thameselffis 
in ane fellowschip with aithis, vowis, and protestationis of mutuall de- 
fence and persute, and that every one of thair quarrellis salbe common 
to all, and that the purpois and interprise of ony one of thame salbe 
prosequuted, bakkit, and followit onte be the haill societie aganis all and 
quhatsomevir without respect of personis. Lyke as thir same lymmaris 
keepis thameselffis togidder, committing open and avowed reiffis, heir- 
shippis and utheris enormities in all pairtis quhair they may be maisteris 
and commandaris. Quhilk proude and detestable attempt, as it is odious 
to be hard of in a peaceable estate, subject to a Prince whom God hes 
armed with pouer and force able to suppress the same, so the same 
caryis with it no little sclander and prejudice to your Lordshippis honour 

(212) 



GIGHT. 49 

and credit. That within your boundis quhair your Lordship may com- 
mand suche ane handfull of lymmaris dar presome to attempt such in- 
terpriseis. And we are certane that the knaulege hairof being broght to 
his Majestic will mak his heynes wonderfully till admeir your Lordshippis 
lang patience and connivence in not apprehending, punisheing and sup- 
presseing of thir lymmaris and what constructionis may be made heirupon 
to his Majestic aganis your Lordship we remit to your Lordshippis 
consideratioun. Alwayes we are heirby to requeist and desyre your 
Lordship that, with all convenient speede, you tak orderis for apprehending 
of the saidis personis and some otheris the chieftanes of that laules 
societie and present thame heir befoir the Counsell, and that your 
Lordship prosequute with fyre and swerd the haill raist of thair followaris 
and nevir leaf of the persute of thame while thay may be apprehendit, 
punist and altogidder supprest, as you respect his Majesteis service, the 
peace of the countrey, and your awne credite, honnour, and reputatioun, 
and as your Lordship wold estew that hard censure and constructioun 
whiche his Majestic may mak of your behaviour in this point. Sua we 
committ you to God." On July 13, 1607, Ardlogie (supported by Alexander 
Copland of Udoch, Patrick Con of Auchry and his son, and Robert Udny 
of Tilliecorthy) raided the lands of Magnus Mowat of Balquholly, their 
neighbour. On July 29 Mowat returned the compliment by taking away 
the peats of Auchry and of Mrs. Patrick Copland of Udoch, widow 
(possibly the mother of the aforesaid Alexander, who in 1603 had been 
charged with assaulting Magnus Mowat, apparent of Balquholly, at the 
fortalice of Freswick, Caithness). In 1616 he waged war on William 
Leask of Kelly, whose daughter seems to have married his brother Adam. 
He was also implicated in the brutal murder of Francis Hay. In 1618 
he helped, according to the Privy Council Register of June n, 1618, his 
brother Alexander and his " suster's son, William Gordon of Saphak, to 
raid the lands of Sir William Keith of Balmuir, a civile, obedient, and 
ansuerable subject who never offendit thame". An account of this affair 
will be found in the account of Ardlogie's brother, Alexander. On March, 
6, 1618, Ardlogie went on horseback with a sword in his hand to the " ball 
greene of Kellie " when Sir William Keith was at the place of Kellie, " rode 
up and down the greene, making provocatioun to him to have come furth, 
and with schouting and crying he utterit the wordis following, ' Up thy 
hairt, Ardlogie ! ' " I think this John was the John Gordon of Ardlogie who 
offered to raise levies for the King of Denmark's army (1626-7), for which 
Scotland raised 14,000 men. On March 8, 1627, Captain James Sinclair 
of Murkill got a commission to raise 3,000 men. Ardlogie undertook a 
"charge" in Murkill's regiment, and received his Majesties " moneyes," 
and gave his bond for " lifting and transporting of thame toward Germanic ". 
He failed to do so, for on July 25, 1618, the Privy Council reported that he 

(213) BE 



50 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

"hes most undewtifullie and unworthilie failyied in performing his condi- 
tioun, sua that after ane yeares patience and attending his discharge of 
dewtie he is at last for that caus denunced his Majesteis rebell and put to 
the home, quhairat he hes remained this lang tyme, as he does yitt, 
unrelaxt, to the high and proud contempt of his Majesteis auctoritie and 
disappointing and hindering of his Majesteis service ". The Council there- 
fore requested Lord Huntly to arrest him, " for we know very weill if your 
lordship kythe in this earand (as we perswade our selffis you will) thair is 
no possibilitie that the said Johne can escape your lordships hands " (Privy 
Council Register). In 1634 John of Ardlogie helped the Huntly Gordons 
to avenge themselves on Frendraught for the burning of Viscount Aboyne, 
robbing Alexander Innes, minister of Rothiemay, of his ryding horss 
(Troubles, i., 48). He was denounced as a rebel, and ordered (in 1635) to be 
arrested. He seems to have escaped to Germany, for it is apparently he 
who is referred to in a letter from Andrew Leslie to Father John Seton 
(dated March 26, 1639), and quoted in the Domestic Series of State 
Papers (Charles I., 1638-9, p. 569) : " I have tasted of your Germany . . . 
Colonel Gordon [of Wallenstein fame?] is not yet a Catholic. He has 
had a cousin [Ardlogie would have been his cousin-german] by him, who 
is lately dead, called John Gordon of Ardlogy, his brother's son [this is 
nonsense in any case], who married the Provost of Melrose's daughter." 
The Balbithan MS. says that Ardlogie married the daughter of Captain 
Thomas Keir and had four sons and two daughters. 

(1) ADAM took part in the attack made by the sixth laird of Gight, his 
uncle, on Sir Harry Wood of Bonnyton (when he is described as 
" appearand " of Gight) in 1624 (to which I shall refer). In 1625 
he was admitted to the Scots Men at Arms in France by Huntly, 
who was captain in the corps, and who made his first muster at 
Leith, July, 1625. Adam Gordon, who had Patrick Gordon of 
Boghead (his uncle ?) as one of his cautioners, promised that he 
should " dewlie observe and keip the haill mustoris dewlie preparit 
with ane man and tua horse, armit in all peices with ane case of 
pistollis at sic place and tyme as the said capitaine [Huntly] should 
appoint" (Spalding Club Miscellany, iv.). I think he must be the 
Gordon referred to by Robert Innes, the nephew of John Gordon 
of Ardlogie, who wrote to his brother, the laird of Leuchars, 
from London, July 15, 1636, as follows (Familie of Innes, p. 225) : 
"Young Arlogie I think be this tyme be deid. The nycht befor I 
cam to Parris [he] was run throw the bodie by on[e] Achterfoall. 
Arlogie being wery drunk persuit the wther in stritts. My Lord 
[Gordon] was werycairfull off him. . . . He told me he thocht he 
could not live tuo dayes." 

(2) JOHN is described by Spalding (i., 355) as "second son," and (ii., 

(214) 



GIGHT. 51 

324) in 1644 as "goodman of Ardlogie". He . Dined in the attack 
(1634) on the laird of Frendraught, who had burned up Lord 
Aboyne in 1630, and was denounced as a rebel. He went to 
Berwick in June, and returned in November, 1640 (Spalding's 
Troubles, i., 293. In the latter month, while drinking at Fyvie, he 
shot Sergeant Forsyth, of Lieutenant Fotherin'gham's musketeers, 
dead. The Gordons got clear away, and Fotheringham was after- 
wards (Jan. 16, 1641) drummed out of the army in public, the 
degradation taking place at the Cross of Aberdeen, when the 
hangman broke the sword of the lieutenant, who was then " con- 
voyit out of the toune, throw Futteis port, to seik his fortoun " 
(ibid., ii., 4). He was alive in January, 1647 (Acts of Parlia- 
ment), when he "received assurances without acting". On June 
27, 1655, a John Gordon got a pass to go to Poland or Sweden 
(Calendar of State Papers'). I think that this John Gordon of Ard- 
logie must have been the one who married Isobel Innes, one of 
the three daughters of Jerome Innes, minister of Fyvie, and son 
of the first laird of Edingight. The genealogy at this point is very 
puzzling, for this Isobel may have been John's mother, not his 
wife, though the dates seem to indicate the latter supposition. At 
any rate John Gordon of Ardlogie and Isobel Innes had a daughter, 
Elizabeth Gordon, who married her distant kinsman, John Innes 
of Edingight (probably about 1659), and (possibly) had three sons 
and a daughter. One of these sons, John, sixth of Edingight, was 
the father of Alexander Innes of Rosieburn, and the grandfather 
of Katherine Innes, Mrs. Byron's mother (See Colonel Innes' 
Chronicles of the Family of Innes of Edingight). 

(3) NATHANIEL, the daring Royalist, was probably the third son of old 
Ardlogie. He was the only member of the Gight family that ever 
met his death on the scaffold (Jan. 20, 1646). Few of the Cavaliers 
present such a dashing figure as Nathaniel Gordon. Indeed, he 
is so picturesque that I fancy Scott, who considered him one of 
" the bravest and best soldiers in Europe," had he ever written 
a romance of Aberdeenshire, might possibly have taken Gordon 
for his hero : the unusual length of a note in Border Minstrelsy 
points that way. In addition to his escapades as a soldier, the gay 
Gordon did not leave it to the imagination of the romancer to 
supply a "love interest," for, as became a man of the same ancestry 
as Byron, and with the amatory Montrose as his leader, he could 
spell Woman as well as War. I fancy Nathaniel must have been 
a trained soldier from the fact that he was entrusted with impor- 
tant commands by Huntly and Montrose, and is constantly spoken 
of as " Major Gordon ". Bishop Wishart speaks of him as having 

(215) 



52 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

served gallantly " both abroad and at home ". The fact that his 
mother was a daughter of the Provost of Melrose, and that his 
father died in Germany, indicates that the Ardlogie family were 
not stay-at-homes ; and it is just possible that his kinsman, Wallen- 
stein's assassin, may have given him a taste of fighting in the 
Empire. He crosses our path first in the very year (1634) when 
Europe rang with Wallenstein's death, and during the next decade 
he figures constantly in the annals of the Loyalists who defied the 
Covenant. In November, 1634 (Spalding's Troubles, i., 48), he joined 
the band of Gordons who set about avenging the death of the first 
Viscount Aboyne, who had been burned at Frendraught Castle 
four years before for family feuds were carried on with the vigour 
of invincible vendettas. They " spolzeit " cattle from Crichton. 
They stole the minister of Rothiemay's " ryding horss". They 
took " sum moneyis fra Mr. Robert Jamesoun, minister at Mairtyne 
Kirk, violentlie and maisterfullie ". They hanged one of Crichton's 
friends, suspected of being a spy, " most cruellie vpone the gallous 
neir to Strathbogie ". They drove off 260 oxen and 360 sheep 
from Frendraught. They burned up the corn-yard of the Mains 
of Frendraught, " quhairin thair wes standing four scoir stakis ". 
They effected an entrance at the house of Rothiemay, and " took 
it up royallie," killing a large number of sheep for their banquets. 
Some of these they " saltit, sum they rvistit, and sum they eitit 
freshe," while they compelled Frendraught's tenants to replenish 
their larder with "meill, malt, cokis, customs, and pultrie". The 
laird of Frendraught went to Edinburgh and laid his case before 
the Privy Council. One day a herald in "cot armes, with sound 
of trvmpit," rode forth to summon the "misdoeris" to answer to 
the Crown. He met the band on the road between Banff and 
Elgin, only to be told that they intended to be avenged on Fren- 
draught. Of course the "misdoeris" did not appear before the 
Privy Council ; and the bulk of them, including Nathaniel Gordon, 
were declared rebels. Ever a favourite with women, the dashing 
young cavalier was harboured by the lady of Rothiemay (nee 
Katherine Forbes), whose son had also been burned. She got 
nearly a year's imprisonment in Edinburgh for her trouble (being 
liberated in the autumn of 1637), but Nathaniel escaped and lived 
to fight another day. Whether he left the country with his father, 
who, as noted, died in Germany in 1638, I cannot say. In any 
case, he does not reappear in the great struggle till June, 1639, 
when he captured Ogilvy of Powry in a hand-to-hand struggle near 
Elsick (Gordon's Scots Affairs, ii., 275). In June, 1640, he left for 
Berwick with George, Lord Gordon (the elder brother of Viscount 

(216) 



GIGHT. 53 

Aboyne, who had been burned at Frendraught) (Spalding's Troubles, 
i.,293), and he is absent from the pages of Spalding until the spring 
of 1644, the most violent year of his restless career. In Feb., 1644, 
as Nathaniel and his friends were plundering the lands of Taarty, 
belonging to the learned Dr. Dun, of Aberdeen, they encountered 
a band of Covenanters, who were bound on a similar errand to the 
estates of some persistent Loyalists. The Covenanters were routed 
and disarmed, and cam schamefully back againe to Aberdene 
(Spalding's Troubles, ii., 322). Encouraged by this success, the little 
band of Loyalists kidnapped the Provost and Magistrates of Aber- 
deen on March 19, 1644. At seven o'clock in the morning nine 
cavaliers Irvine of Drum and his brother, Seton of Shethin, 
Meldrum of Iden, Innes of Tipperty, Sir John Gordon of Haddo, 
Sir George Gordon of Gight, John Gordon of Ardlogie and his 
brother, Major Nathaniel Gordon at the head of sixty or a 
hundred horsemen the number differs according as your authority 
is Loyalist or Covenanter rode into the town, kidnapped Patrick 
Leslie (the Provost), ex-Bailies Robert Farquhar and Alexander 
Jaffray, and Dean of Guild John Jaffray, and within four-and-twenty 
hours had clapped them in Huntly's stronghold at Strathbogie. 
The poor burghers were kept there till April 2, when they were 
transferred to Auchindoun, another Gordon keep ; nor were they 
set at liberty until May 7, when the Marquis of Argyll appeared 
on the scene and rescued them ' , ii., 324). On April 5, 
1644, Nathaniel made a daring deal on his own account which 
got him into trouble with his chief, Lord Huntly. A Danish 
herring smack, which had been taken by an English pirate and 
depleted of its crew, drifted into Aberdeen Bay. Nathaniel Gordon, 
assisted by twenty musketeers, seized the prize, and clapped the 
Englishmen who had been put on board in the Tolbooth. The 
pirate duly made its appearance to claim the prize. Nathaniel 
promptly arrested the pilot and the skipper, who turned out to 
belong not to the pirate, but to an English man-of-war. In retalia- 
tion the pirate began to harry the local shipping, and even made a 
descent on the land at Belhelvie. The fishing population, which 
suffered most, complained to Lord Huntly, who reproved Nathaniel 
"veray bitterly" for taking the prize without his permission. 
Gordon, hitherto an obedient soldier, resented the reproof. He 
was indeed so "angrie that he hastellie took his leive and left the 
Marques' service". Just before taking that step, however, he had 
been one of the force (300 strong) which (on April 24) had raided 
the town of Montrose, where he is said to have killed a bailie, 
Alexander Peirson. The laird of Drum tried to set fire to the 



54 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

town twice, but Gordon " pat out the samen" which surely more 
than counterbalanced his slaughter of the worthy bailie. On 
April 29 he sent in his resignation to Huntly, offered his services 
to the marquis' son, Lord Gordon, and when they were refused, 
"leivit be him self" (Spalding's Troubles, ii., 339-52). But he could 
not live long "be himself". If he had been wise he would have 
got out of the country, for the forces of the Kirk were quickly 
closing round the Cavaliers. On May 8 the Covenanters made a 
dead set on the Gight country as. the hotbed of the Loyalist cause 
in the north. Kelly, where Sir John Gordon of Haddo lived, 
surrendered; the House of Gight was captured, the young laird 
managing, however, to escape ; Gight and Haddo were marched 
off to Edinburgh as prisoners; while a reward of 18,000 marks was 
offered for the "inbringing" of Lord Huntly "quik or deid," and 
"sic vther soumes"for young Gight and Nathaniel Gordon. So 
Nathaniel put all his private grievances aside, for he "luikit for no 
better himself, if he hapnit to cum in [to the Covenanters'] handis ". 
He therefore resolved to fight it out to the death, and " defend him 
self als long as he could". His policy, however, was not the 
negative one of mere defence. He opened a positive campaign of 
attack by setting upon the merchants of Aberdeen and Dundee 
who assembled at St. James' Market in Elgin on July 24. The 
merchants came back to Aberdeen 14,000 marks the poorer, and 
Lord Gordon was despatched to arrest Nathaniel and his friends. 
His lordship returned without his "pray, and the honest men 
gat no amendis " (ibid., ii., 392). Then came a brief respite, 
for Nathaniel, eager to escape the ban of excommunication, 
agreed to a truce with the Covenanters, and even allowed the 
redoubtable Andrew Cant to reprove him, Nov., 1644. Spalding 
describes all this as "politique". On Feb. 6, 1645, however, he 
signed the Royalist Bond of Union (History of the Clan Gregor, ii., 
92). By the following March Cant's power had crumbled to pieces. 
The ministers " fled for feir " ; there was no sermon in " either of the 
Aberdenis " ; and on Sunday, March 9, Nathaniel marched into the 
town with a hundred Irish dragoons, got the keys of the Tolbooth, set 
free the prisoners, and seized all the available arms. On March 15 
Sir John Hurry, the Covenanting general, came into the town, to find 
Nathaniel and his friends " drinking cairleslie " in their lodgings. 
Hurry's men killed Captain Donald Farquharson, who had married 
Margaret Gordon, of the Abergeldie family, and two or three other 
Cavaliers. Nathaniel once more escaped with his life, losing Lord 
Huntly's best horse, which had been lent to him, for he had re- 
gained the favour of his chief (Spalding's Troubles, ii., 453-5). But 

(218) 



GIGHT. 55 

he could not really escape, for fighting was in his very blood, and 
soon he got a chance of showing his mettle, for the deciding battles 
of the great struggle followed fast on one another. In each of 
these he occupied an important post, commanding the right wing 
of Montrose's army either alone or in conjunction with some one 
else. His bravery is described in glowing terms in Britane's Dis- 
temper. He was present at the battle of Auldearn (May 9), and after- 
wards helped young Graham to rescue his sister, Lady Margaret 
Stirling of Keir, from Linlithgow, where she had been imprisoned 
after being captured (on the very day of the battle) by the Kirk. 
At the battle of Alford (July 2) he hacked his way through a lane 
of the enemy, bidding his musketeers throw aside their weapons 
and hamstring the horses with their dirks. Once again he escaped, 
but he left Lord Gordon a corpse on the field which Montrose 
won so dearly. He also fought at the battle of Kilsyth, August 15. 
The periods between these battles were filled in with escapades 
which sorely troubled the Covenanters. For instance, some time 
in the September after Kilsyth, the ragged rebels whom Nathaniel 
and Lord Ogilvie commanded quartered themselves on the Rev. 
Bernard Sanderson, the minister of Nithsdale. They " brake 
vp his cofferis, chistis, and almries ; carried away his whole 
bedding and the haill abuilzements" o f ' minister and his wife. 
They "brunt and spoyled his buekis, chistis, chyres, stoolis, and 
vther tymber work " for a camp fire had to be kept going ; 
and they ate up "his haill cornes vpon his gleib" for even 
dashing cavaliers could not live on loyalism alone. The un- 
fortunate parson fled to Carlisle for "safety of his lyff"; while 
his servants and "motherless childring" took to the " hillis and 
mountaines, destitute bothe of food and harbourie ". This escapade 
cost the Crown 1,200 merks, for that was the compensation voted 
to Sanderson by the Scots Parliament. Then Nathaniel's luck 
turned, for he was captured after the battle of Philiphaugh (Sep- 
tember 13), and marched off to Edinburgh in triumph by the 
Covenanters (Earls of Sutherland, p. 529). He was charged with 
the deadly crime of having taken upon him to " rise in arms, and 
to remain with, fortify, assist, and supply James Graham, the 
avowed enemy of this kingdom, leader of that rebellious army, 
which lately this year by-gone has infested this kingdom and 
troubled the peace thereof". The gay Nathaniel parleyed with 
the Presbyterians. There is even a subtle irony in the fact that 
his answers to the Court still preserved in the Duke of Montrose's 
charter chest (Hist. MSS. Commission, 2nd Report, Appendix, pp. 
174-5) have Scripture texts scribbled on the back. But the Court 

(219) 



56 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

closed its ears to all entreaties, for it knew that his release would 
mean renewed trouble. So it declared him guilty, and condemned 
him to die as a traitor. The execution took place at the Cross of 
St. Andrews on January 20, 1646, the maiden or guillotine being 
brought from Dundee for the purpose. Gordon was the first of the 
prisoners, who included Sir Robert Spottiswood, to mount the 
scaffold. Wishart's account of him (as translated by Mr. Morland 
Simpson in the Deeds of Montrose, p. 169) is memorable : 

When he saw death so near he bitterly lamented the sins of his 
youth. Just before his death a paper was thrust into his hands to sign, 
in attestation of his penitence. To this he readily put his name. At 
the same time he called God and His angels and all who were present to 
witness that, if there were anything in that document derogatory to the 
King and his authority, he utterly disowned it. He was then absolved 
from the sentence of excommunication laid upon him for an adultery he 
had committed long before. Amidst the profound pity of the spectators 
he laid his head upon the block. 

Even in death, however, Nathaniel was not at rest, for Parliament 
and Presbyteries continued to wrangle over him for five years at 
least. His estate was a matter of dispute (A cts of Parliament, vi., part 
2, p. 227). He seems to have had no ready money towards the end 
of his career, for Robert Keith, the minister of Deer, advanced 200 
merks, and Elspet Donaldson, widow of an Aberdeen burgess, lent 
100 merks to support Nathaniel in prison and to afford him decent 
burial. Gordon, however, declared to the end that 500 merks were 
due to him by Janet Gordon, the widow of William Gordon of 
Tulloch, and he directed in his last will and testament that his 
creditors should be paid out of this, the residue going to his wife, 
Grisel Seton probably of the Shethin or Udny families. But Mrs. 
Gordon of Tulloch resolutely declined to pay the 500 merks, and 
the poor parson of Deer had to appeal to Parliament as late as 
1649 to help him to get back his money. Nathaniel's wife Grisel 
must have had to practice the patience of her great namesake, for 
he was fancy-free, and did not let the marriage vow interfere 
with his inclinations. Cant had once criticised his polygamous 
instincts, whereon Nathaniel wrote the parson a letter which 
" fleyet him to the hairt, and causit him to remove out of the 
toun " of Aberdeen. Nathaniel afterwards confessed his sin, "but 
God knowis," says Spalding (ii., 431), "if this humiliatioun wes fra 
his hairt ". Long after his death his emotional misdemeanours were 
torturing the conscience of the Presbytery of Strathbogie, which 
persecuted Jean Gordon, "Lady Alter" she is sometimes called 
"Lady Glengerak" from 1645 to 1651 on the ground that she 

(220) 



GIGHT. 57 

had borne one child to Nathaniel and another to his comrade-in- 
arms, Captain Mortimer. The Duke of Fife's first known ancestor, 
Adam Duff in (not of) Clunybegg, gave evidence in this case. He 
told the Presbytery (January 19, 1650) that the lady "vas in a 
barne of his fourteen days or thereaboutt, and for anything that 
he or the vomen thereaboutt could perseaue, shoe vas vith child " 
(Presbytery Book of Strathbogie). A contemporary ballad (preserved 
by Peter Buchan) pictures Nathaniel as serenading a widow : 

Widow are ye sleeping yet ? If I promised to marry you, 
Or widow are ye waking ? My dow, but an' my dawty ; 

Ye'll open the gin, let me come in, And if I promised to marry you 
And me your only darling. . . . I'm sure I'm nae sae fauty. 

Despite all this pillorying, however, Nathaniel Gordon remains a 
picturesque, almost likeable, figure in history. He is referred to 
in the ballad of the "Gallant Grahams": 

Nathaniel Gordon, stout and bold, 
Did for King Charles wear the blue. 

Patrick Gordon in Britane's Distemper (p. 168) declares that he was 

"weel belowed euen by his enemies". He was "too walourous a 

cauelyre ". Wishart says he was " famous for his courage and 

military skill," and that he was " a brave, faithful gentleman" who 

had " great influence in his own country". Nathaniel had a son 

ADAM, who was served heir to his " gudsir," Jan. 2, 1656 

(Inquisit. Gen.). He was possibly the Adam Gordon of Ardlogie 

who was at Konigsberg in 1659, f r General Patrick Gordon of 

Auchleuchries, the friend of Peter the Great, sent letters home 

to Scotland by him (Patrick Gordon's Diary*). 

(4) GEORGE helped his father in 1634 to steal the horse of Alexander 
Innes, the minister of Rothiemay, who was deposed in 1647, when 
he was succeeded by James Gordon, the well-known parson of 
Rothiemay (Spalding's Troubles, i., 48). He may have been the 
George Gordon, one of his tenants at Lethenty, who in 1622 went 
forth to do battle on his own account with two brothers named 
Ferguson, at Newburgh. Undeterred by the fact that the day was 
the Sabbath, he struck one of them with " his faldit neiff upoun 
the faice and head, and thereby damneist and feld him deid to 
the ground," and then " verrie barbarously cuttit off his right lug ". 
Not satisfied with this barbarism, he pursued the other brother 
with a drawn sword, and " cutt ane grite peece of his harne pane " 
(Privy Council Register). George of Lethentie was accused by 
William Durhame, fiar of the Grange, Henry Ramsay of Ardownie, 

(221) FF 



58 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

and Mr. William Murray in Ardownie, of helping Sir George 

Gordon of Gight to "minass" them, 1631 (Privy Council Register). 

(5) Daughter married John Gordon, son to Knockespock (Balbithan M S.). 

3. WILLIAM took part in a raid on Turriff (July, 1601), and was put to the horn. 

He disappears from all records after this date. The Balbithan MS. says 
he was " killed in Turreff ". 

4. PATRICK held the farm of Boghead on the Gight estate ; in 1695 its poll tax 

was set down at 9 145. In 1601 he murdered Robert Catto, servant of 
Mowat of Balquholly (Privy Council Register). On July 2, 1606, Sir John 
Lindsay of Wodray and Sir William Ochterlony of Kellie were caution to 
the Council for Patrick Gordon, brother to the laird of Gight, not to 
harm Archibald Douglas and Magnus Mowat, fiar of Balquholly. He 
was implicated with his brother Adam in an assault on Fraser of Stoney- 
wood and Fraser of Durris in Aberdeen, 1609. On July 23, 1612, Sir 
Thomas Hamilton of Byres, the King's Advocate, and Alexander Banner- 
man of Waterton, and others, complained to the Council that Patrick 
and Adam Gordon, brothers of George Gordon of Gight, pursued Banner- 
man and his friends for their lives in Aberdeen and wounded two of 
Bannerman's servants. Moreover, they " daily since this assault and 
insolence hes borne and worne hagbutis and pistolletis, and ridden and 
gon thairwith publictlie and avowedlie in all pairtis " of the country to 
attack pursuers. The Lords find defenders guilty of the assault and wound- 
ing, and ordain them therefore to enter in ward in the Tolbooth of Edin- 
burgh, there to remain at their own expense till further order be taken 
with them in the matter, but assoilzie them from the charge of having 
worn hagbuts and pistolets, pursuers having failed in proving that 
particularly. In 1615 he was implicated in the attack on the Hays. In 
1616 William Leask, of that ilk, complained that Patrick and his brothers, 
John and Alexander, had annoyed him for eighteen months. On Nov. 4, 
1617, he was asked by the Privy Council to leave the country. On Sept. 
10, 1623, a complaint was tendered to the Privy Council by the King's 
Advocate and George Thomson, Writer to the Signet, to this effect : 
Patrick Auchterlony of Bonhard owed various sums of money to the said 
George Thomson, who had with great patience waited for payment, but 
at last was constrained to raise letters of horning and then a caption 
against his debtor. On May, 1623, while Auchterlony was in Dun- 
dee, Thomson charged the provost and bailies of that burgh to appre- 
hend him. Auchterlony, being warned, absented himself, and the com- 
plainer caused his horse, which was valued at 12, to be poinded in 
part payment. For this cause alone Auchterlony resolved to have the 
complainer's life, and in company with Patrick Gordoun, brother of 
George Gordon of Gight, and others, lay in wait for complainer, who 
was to ride from Dundee to Forfar, there to appraise the horse anew at 
the market-cross. When he was seen on his way thither, Patrick 

(222) 



GIGHT. 



59 



Gordoun, at Auchterlony's instance, leaped on horseback, and "haveing 
tua chargit pistollettis at his belt," rode after Thomson. Gordon, on 
overtaking Thomson, demanded " how he durst be so bald as to poynd " 
his kinsman Auchterlony's horse (Patrick's mother, it may be remembered, 
was an Ochterlony). Thomson " simplie ansuerit that he understoode that 
his Majesteis auctoritie was a sufficient warrand " ; whereupon Patrick 
" most proudlie said that, yf he haid all the warrands that the King hes, he 
sould mak him repent the doing thairof, and without ony forder (speeches ?) 
pullit furth ane of the saidis pistollis frome his belt, and thairwith gaif 
the said George a cruell straik and wound on the rycht side of the head, 
and then gaif him ane uther cruell and deadlie straik and wound a little 
above his left eye, and thairby almost dammeist him dead ". The com- 
plainer fled for safety to a house near, when Gordon "bendit " one of his 
pistols and rode furiously after the complainer " to the said house gavell," 
but some well-disposed neighbours " stayit him and convoyit him away ". 
Pursuer appearing personally, while the two defenders do not appear, the 
Lords order them to be denounced rebels. Patrick was engaged in a 
vendetta in 1625 to avenge the case of his illegitimate son William. 
He had been anxious that this son should marry Margaret, the only 
daughter of John Cushnie, Culsalmond. The girl, however, set her 
heart on one Richard Gordon. He was the son of John Gordon of 
Drymies (a cadet of Craig). Richard was servitor of Leslie of Wardes 
(a brother, Oliver, was servitor to the laird in 1627) ; he was put to the 
horn in 1623 for the "felloun and cruell slaughter of John Johnston in 
Inverurie," and in 1622 had been denounced as having worn hagbuts 
for three years, and " shoit thairwith at deir, rae, and wyld foull ". Patrick 
Gordon heard of the intended wedding in September, 1625, and he 
immediately sent his son William " with a nomber of| laules personis " to 
Cushnie's house, " of purpois to haif ravished " the girl. They offered 
" grite violence both to hir fathir and mother," hurt " diverse of hir 
familie," and " perforce caryed away the said Margaret Cushnie, band hir 
upon a horse behind ane of thame, and at last the said William verie 
barbarouslie did force hir". By the aid of the justices of the peace she 
was rescued, and shortly afterwards married her Richard. The Gights 
resolved to be avenged. They lay in wait for Richard, " soght him divers 
tymes, and [at] last, rancountering him betuix Tillyfour and Newton of 
Colsalmond, he wes violentlie assaultit and persewit of his lyffe by the 
said Patrik, accompanyed with Johnne Gordoun of Ardlogie, his brother 
[the father of the notorious Nathaniel, executed in 1646], Johnne Gordon 
of Knockespock [who had married the latter's sister], and a nombir of 
thair complices, who, nochtwithstanding of the said Richart his humble 
salutatioun unto thame, and of his submissive intreatie for Godis peace 
and his majesties, did hurt and wounde bothe him and his hors". At last 
Richard was " constrayned in his just and necessar defence to stand 

(223) 



60 MOUSE OF GORDON. 

to the saulftie of his lyffe, and haveing a pistoll about him, wheras no 
prayer nor intercession availlit him, he shoit " Patrick " with the pistolett ". 
Patrick succumbed to his wounds, " acknawledgeing at the verie houre of 
his death his fault and just deserving, and did freelie acquite and pardoun 
the said Richart ". Richard appealed to the king for pardon. His 
Majesty referred his petition to the Privy Council (Feb. 12, 1626), and 
summoned both parties (July 4, 1626). None of the Gight Gordons 
appeared however, and the Council found Richard entitled to at least 
a year's protection, "the reason why they did not go further having 
apparently been that though the slaughter committed had been in self- 
defence, yet Richard Gordon, in having a pistol about him at all, had 
incurred the penalties imposed by the Acts against useing or wearing 
fire-arms". When Cushnie wanted to return home from Edinburgh, he 
was afraid lest his action against the Gights would " mak thame the more 
violent and insolentlie disposed aganis him, sua that he cannot live in 
the cuntrey for feare of thair trouble and persute ". So the Council 
(July 6, 1626) wrote to the Marquis of Huntly : " We haif thoght goode to 
recommend the honnest man [Cushnie] to your Lordshipis protectioun and 
saulf-gaird, earnestlie requeisting and desiring your Lordship to tak the 
patrocinie and defence of him, and so to provide for his indempnitie 
aganis the rage and malice of the said William Gordoun and his partakeris 
as they may be restreaned and awed by your Lordshipis countenance and 
auctoritie from harmeing of him, and that he may repose in peace and 
follow out his adois without feare or danger of thair persute ". On August 
i, 1626, caution was given by Mr. Patrick Dunbar, fiar of Westerton, in 
2,000 merks, that Adam Gordon, son of John Gordon of Ardlogie, would 
not molest Richard Gordon, " son to John Gordon of Drummoureis " (in 
1627 he is described as of Drymies), Oliver, John and Patrick, his brothers, 

George Gordon of , John Cushnie in Newton of Culsalmond, nor 

their families. On August 23, 1626, the Council again wrote to the king 
relating what they had done in the matter. On March 13, 1627, Mr. John 
Paip, younger, advocate, as procurator for the cautioner, registered a 
bond of caution by James Gordon, fiar of Tillielt, in 3,000 merks, "that 
George Gordon, apparent [and afterwards VII.] of Geyght, will not molest 
Richard Gordon, John Cushnie in Cowcraigs, Isobell Hervie, his spouse 
Margaret Cushnie [Mrs. Richard Gordon, his daughter], Olipher Gordoun, 
servitor to the Laird of Wardes, John Gordon, servitor to Lord Gordoun, 
and Patrick Gordon in - , brothers to the said Richard, nor their 
families, tenants, etc., in terms of lawburrows raised by them, with clause 
of relief ". The bond written by John Lessell, notary, at the new Kirk of 
Deer, is dated at the Mill of Kellie, March 8, 1627. The feud, however, 
as related in the Privy Council Register, did not stop there. On May 16, 
1628, Oliver Gordon, brother of Richard Gordon aforesaid, complained 

(224) 



GIGHf. 6l 

to the Council about the Gight Gordons. He told how he had been " upoun 
the Linkes of Aberdeen [on a date not stated, in this year] ryding upoun 
my awin hors, haveing a course to have runne with John Johnestoun, 
servitor to the Laird of Cluny". John Gordon, Ardlogie (brother of 
Patrick), who had hate and malice against him, getting notice of this, 
came on horseback to the links, " with a bendit hacquebutt in his hand and 
a paire of pistoletts at his belt, and John Dalgleische, his servant, running 
at his hors foote with a paire of pistolets at his belt and a gwune in his hand ". 
When Ardlogie saw Oliver he made his way to him behind his back and 
would have shot him unawares, if Johnstone had not called on him to 
save himself. Ardlogie fired, but his hagbut misgave, whereupon Oliver, 
who had neither sword nor armour upon him, having left the links and 
"sett spurres" to his horse, was followed by Ardlogie, who had his hag- 
but in hand " readie bendit " to shoot. Oliver craves the Privy Council 
for a summons against Ardlogie. Patrick Gordon married Margaret 
Erskine of Ardestie, Forfarshire (Balbithan MS.). On July 18, 1642, the 
king confirmed the charter (dated May 29, 1613) by the late Sir Henry 
Lindsay (i3th Earl of Crawford) to Alexander Durham of Downiemylne, 
Forfar, with a precept of sasine to Patrick Gordon. Janet Durham 
married Robert Erskine of Ardestie, whose son resigned these lands to 
the sixth laird of Gight in 1623 (the year that Sir Henry Lindsay died). 
It will be remembered that Patrick Gordon committed a brutal assault 
on George Thomson, writer to the signet, on the highway near Dundee 
in 1623, when the lawyer had apparently been settling this business with 
him. This was the third alliance of the Gight Gordons with Forfar- 
shire women, for Patrick's father, William, V. of Gight, married an 
Ochterlony, while his brother, George, VI. of Gight, married Isobell 
Wood of the House of Bonnyton. The Balbithan MS. says that Patrick 
Gordon " has issue ". A son (whose Christian name is not given) was 
denounced in August, 1634, for joining in the attacks on the laird of 
Frendraught. Two of his sons were 
JOHN. He was served heir to his father, Patrick, on June 4, 1630 

(Inquisit. Gen.), and may have been the one who figured in the 

Frendraught vendetta. 
WILLIAM, illegitimate, was concerned in the attack on Richard Gordon, 

as already described. 

ADAM. He was a fighter, like all his brothers. He was implicated with his 
brother Patrick in an assault made on Fraser of Stoneywood and Fraser of 
Durris in Aberdeen, 1609. On July 6, 1609, he, his brother Patrick, and 
several other Gordons, " to the number of six score persons, all armed 
with certain weapons, including hagbuts and pistolets, came at night to 
the house of Robert Davidsoun in Abirdene, where the complainers were 
for the time, pressed violently to enter therein for their slaughter, and 

(225) 



62 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

would have succeeded if they had not been stayed by some good people ". 
The next day the defenders followed complainers with drawn swords and 
with "bend hagbuts and pistolletis" while they were repairing from New- 
town of Abirdene to the Auldtoun, and would have slain them if they had 
not been stopped by the magistrates at the port of the said burgh. When 
called on to appear before the Privy Council a few of the gang did so, and 
were found guilty. In June, 1612, Adam and his friend Francis Hay of 
Logierieve, who was to kill him three years later, and his brother Patrick 
Gordon, attacked Alexander Bannerman of Waterton and two of his ser- 
vants "to the effusion of thair blood in grite quantities" (Privy Council 
Register). Adam fought a friendly sword duel with his comrade Francis 
Hay (son of George Hay of Ardlethan, cousin-german to the Earl of Erroll). 
Hay was defeated, and in pique shot Gordon dead (Dec. 15, 1615). Three 
days later Hay was captured in the house of William Hay of Logierieve 
by George (the laird of Gight) and John and Alexander, the brothers of 
Adam. He was carried by them to their "awne ludgeing," the Bonnie 
Wife's Inn, in the Gallowgate of Aberdeen, and tried before a packed 
jury by a clansman, John Gordon of Clubsgoul, Sheriff of Aberdeen- 
The whole case is detailed at length, on account of its extraordinary 
lawlessness and ferocity, in the description of the next laird, the sixth, 
who took his brother Adam's death very much to heart. Adam Gordon 
had got into a trouble with a woman, for on October 6, 1608, he promised 
the Presbytery of Ellon (Mair's Records, p. 76) to marry Isobell, daughter 
of William Leask of that ilk. Whether the marriage ever took place I 
cannot say (the Balbithan MS. does not supply the name), but he declared 
that he was willing " to satisfie for entycing " her out of her father's 
house, to pay five merks, and make repentance in the Kirk of Ellon. 
Adam at any rate took umbrage at the House of Leask, for on July 24, 
1615, he was put to the horn at the instance of the King's Advocate and 
Alexander Leask in Balschamphie, Thomas Fidler there, and William 
Smyth in the Mains of Leask. On August 2, 1615, his arrest was ordered 
for not appearing before the Council in answer to a charge of wearing 
hagbuts and pistollets, and committing acts of oppression on the said 
pursuers. On July 25, 1616, William Leask, apparent of that ilk, com- 
plained to the Privy Council that " in the previous December George 
Gordon of Gight and William Hay, his son-in-law, attacked him on the 
highway, the former with a drawn sword and the latter with two swords 
pulled out of one scabbard. George broke his weapon upon Leask's 
head and his son-in-law struck him in divers places through the clothes. 
Pursuer appearing personally, and the defender George Gordon not 
appearing, the Lords ordered him to be denounced rebel. Later on, Leask 
complained to the Council that he had been annoyed for eighteen months 
by John, Patrick, Alexander and Robert Gordon of Gight, and William 
Keith, who was probably their nephew. 

(226) 



GIGHT. 63 

6. ALEXANDER, " in Burngraynes " (so described in the Privy Council Register), 
took part in the murder of Francis Hay. He was denounced as a rebel 
in 1616 for attacking Leask of that ilk. He was also prosecuted as a 
Papist. The most notable events in his career were his attacks on Sir 
William Keith of Balmure. On August n, 1617, the Lords of Secret 
Council reported that "of lait thair has ane unhappie accident fallin 
oute betuix " James Forbes of Blakstoun on one part, and the late 
William Keith, brother to the Goodman of Clachriach, and Alexander 
Gordon, brother to the laird of Gight, on the other, wherein Keith was 
killed and Forbes taken a prisoner by Keith's friends. The next we 
hear of Alexander Gordon is as an enemy of Sir William Keith of Bal- 
mure, for on June 4, 1618, it was reported by Keith to the Privy Council 
that " mony insolencyis " had been committed on him by John Gordon 
of Ardlogie, his brother Alexander in Burnegraynes, and William Gordon 
of Saphak, " thair suster sone ". On March 10, 1618, according to Keith's 
story, the three went armed to the land of Kellie, belonging in liferent to 
Keith's wife, Dame Margaret Bannerman, rode about in a bragging and 
insolent manner near to the place where pursuer happened to be staying, 
and endeavoured to provoke him to come forth. They then went to some 
of his cottars who were near at hand, and told them "that they were 
come thair to fetche a bair ". Disappointed in their desire by the inter- 
ference of pursuer they rode away to the Kirk of Methlik, where some 
masons were at work setting up a loft for pursuer. The masons had been 
warned of their wicked purpose, and so escaped the assault which de- 
fenders had intended to make upon them. ' With drawin swerdis in thair 
handis thay enterit in the kirk and raid athorte the said Sir Williame's 
and his said spous landis, searcheing and seeking thair tennantis, demand- 
ing of all personis thay mett gif thay wer " Keith's men, and " compellit 
thame with mony threatningis and minassingis to sweir upoun thair 
swordguardis that thay wer not thair men ". When James Ewing, in 
Little Methlick, one of Keith's men, who dwelt near the Kirk, heard of 
the affray and came to see what was wrong, the three Gordons " schame- 
fullie and unhonnestlie, without respect or regairde had to his grite age, 
perseuit him of his lyff, and he haveing humelie beggit mercie of thame, 
saying he wes a friend and had nothing to do with thame, thay com- 
manded him to cast his sword frome him ; quhilk he haveing done for 
saulftie of his lyff, thay then of new perseuit him of his lyff, and had not 
faillit to haif slane him, wer not be the providence of God, his awne 
bettir defence, and help of some personis present, he wes fred from 
thame ". Pursuers appearing personally, and defenders not appearing, 
the Lords order the three defenders to be denounced rebels. According 
to the Privy Council report of June n, 1618, the three Gordons were not 
content with this swaggering and " lawles forme to injure and trouble 
gentlemen thair nichtbouris (who yf the reverent respect and regaird of 

(227) 



64 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

his Majesteis authoritie and obedience restreanit thame not, wald mak the 
saidis personis to content thameselffis with ressoun and to forbeare thair 
foleyis). Thay misheantlie, shamefullie, and unhonnestlie come be way 
of hamesuckin to the dwelling house and corneyaird of Mr. Johnne 
Mersair, a harmless, innocent minister, and finding him single and allone 
at his meditatioun with a booke in his hand, thay invadit and perseuit 
him of his lyffe; housit him in his house, and fleeing to his horse gaif him 
a nomber of straikis with swerdis, and hurte and woundit him ; assezeit 
him in his house ; brasheit his durris with grite jestis ; held in bendit 
pistollis at his windois of purpois to haif shoite him yf thay had gottin a 
sight of him, and thay had not failed to haif rissen fyre and brinte the 
house and the said Mr. Johnne within the same, wer not, be the provi- 
dence of God, some gentilmen and nightbouris, hairing of thair cruell 
and barbarous purpois, come and releist the said Maister Johnne. For 
the quhilkis barbarous and detestable insolencyis the saidis Johnne, 
Alexander and Williame Gordonis being callit and convenit afoir his 
Majesteis justice and chargit to find cautioun to haif underlyne the lawis, 
thay absentit thameselffis frome thair tryall, refused to find cautioun, and 
wer thairfoir, upoun the 18 day of Aprile (1618), denunceit rebellis and putt 
to the home ; quhairat they remane as yitt unrelaxt, hanting all publict 
placeis and societie of men as yf thay wer laughfull and obedient subjectis, 
heighlie to the offence of owre Soverane Lord and misregaird of law and 
justice. And quhairas the uncontrolled ressett and supplie quhilk the 
rebellis findis in the cuntrey, not onlie tosteris thame in thair impietie and 
rebellioun, bot encourageis otheris insolent and lawles personis to adhere 
unto thame, and the Lordis of Secreit Counseill haveing resolved ex- 
amplarlie to punishe all suche personis as sail gif ony ressett, supplee or 
comforte to thir rebellis so lang as thay continew in thair rebellioun ; 
and to the effect all pretext of excuse salbe tane frome thame, yf thay or 
ony of thame sal happin to offend in this case . . . command, charge and 
inhibit all and sindrie his Majesteis liegeis and subjectis be oppin pro- 
clamatioun at all placeis neidfull that nane of thame presoome nor tak 
upoun hand to ressett, supplee, nor intercommoun with the saidis rebellis, 
furneis thame meate, drink, house nor harborie, nor haif intelligence with 
thame, privatlie nor publictlie, be letteris, messageis, nor no other maner 
of way during the tyme of thair rebellioun, certifeeing thame that sail 
failyee or do in the contrair that they sail be callit, persewit and punist 
thairfoir with all vigour." On July 27, 1619, the Marquis of Huntly, who 
had been charged at the instance of Sir William Keith and Mr. John 
Merser to produce Burngraynes and his brother Ardlogie before the 
Council, protested, and as the pursuers did not appear the protest was 
admitted. On Jan. 27, 1620, the horning against Ardlogie, who had 
found caution in 1,000 merks to appear before the Council, which he did, 
was relaxed. On June 4, 1618, John Hedderwick in Boddam complained 

(228) 



GIGHT. 65 

to the Privy Council that on the night of April 4, 1618, Alexander Gordon, 
brother to the laird of Gight, Johne Sinclair, brother of - Sinclair of 
Achannachie, and George Bruce, servitor to the said Alexander, all 
armed with swords, hagbuts and pistollets, assaulted him at the place of 
Fortrie, " shote tua billotis throw his richt thie, and with ane lance ran 
him throw the same thie ". They then struck him to the ground and 
wounded him very seriously in the head. Alexander Gordon did not 
appear before the Council and was put to the horn. According to the 
Balbithan MS., Alexander Gordon married a Hay. 

ROBERT. He took part in the Hay and Leask affairs, and on Nov. 4, 1617, 
he and his brother Patrick appeared before the Privy Council and " actit 
thameselffis to depairt and pass furth of this cuntrey for obedyence of his 
Majesteis decreit ". He was one of a band of raiders who, in 1634, 
entered the lands of " Lady Frendraught," " spyling and laying of the 
same waist, and hanging one of her tenants at Strathbogie ". The Aber- 
deen Town Council was ordered (December, 1634) to arrest him, but 
declined the task. In July, 1636, the Privy Council issued a proclamation 
for his arrest in connection with this affair. According to the Balbithan 
MS., he married a daughter of Ogilvie of Kempcairn. 

JANET. The Balbithan MS. says that one of the fifth laird's daughters 
married a Leith of Harthill. Dr. Davidson in his Earldom of the Garioch 
notes that John Leith, second of Harthill, married as his second wife a 
Janet Gordon, whom I take to be Gight's daughter. Dr. Davidson 
further adds that Leith had by his first wife (Beatrice Fraser) a son 
John, third of Harthill, the notorious rebel who broke out of the Tolbooth 
of Aberdeen, July, 1640 ; and that it was his son Patrick who was executed 
as a rebel in Edinburgh, Oct. 26, 1647 ( at tne a S e f twenty-five). Now 
Spalding (Troubles, ii., 392) speaks of this Patrick as the " cousing " of 

Nathaniel Gordon. Hence I am inclined to believe that Gordon of 

Gight married John the third, not the second, laird of Harthill, as Dr. 
Davidson says. In any case, the Spalding reference makes it clear that 
Patrick Leith was descended from a Gight Gordon (whereas Dr. David- 
son's statements make no relationship at all). She was either the mother 
or the grandmother of " young Harthill," who was hand-in-glove with 
Nathaniel Gordon, notably in the raid on the Aberdeen merchants at 
St. James' Fair, Elgin, July 24, 1644, and at the capture of Forbes of 
Craigievar's troopers at Inverurie on Sunday, Feb. 23, 1645. 

CHRISTIAN made a good match by marrying, as his first wife, Sir Adam 
Gordon of Park. George Jamesone painted the portraits of Sir Adam and 
his spouse, which are now in the possession of Mr. Gordon Duff of Park 
and Drummuir; but whether the lady was Christian Gordon or Helen 
Tyrie, Sir Adam's second wife, I cannot tell (John Bulloch's George Jame- 
sone, p. 138). As the Park genealogy will be treated in another volume, I 
shall content myself here with tracing it out only in regard to the Duff 

(229) GG 



66 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

connection, because it is the first landed family with whom we can 
connect the Duke of Fife. The eldest son of Sir Adam was 

SIR JOHN GORDON of Park, who married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
James Sibbald of Rankeillor, in 1631, and had 

(i) SIR JOHN GORDON, created a baronet in 1680. The baronetcy 

became extinct in 1804. 

(ii) SIR GEORGE GORDON of Edinglassie, Sheriff of Banff. He had, 
with other issue, a daughter 

JEAN GORDON, married William Duff of Dipple (grandson of 
the much-disputed Adam Duff in Clunybegg), and became 
the mother of the first Earl Fife, and ancestor of the Duke 
of Fife (Temple's Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 121). 

10. ANNA married, according to the Balbithan MS., (i) Alexander Gordon of 
Tulloch, son of Alexander, III. of Cracullie, and (2) Thomas Gordon of 
Pittendreich, the fourth son of Sir Thomas Gordon of Cluny (by Elizabeth 
Douglas, daughter of the Earl of Angus), and brother of Sir Alexander 
Gordon of Cluny and of Patrick Gordon of Ruthven, who wrote Britane's 
Distemper. Pittendreich was implicated in an attack in Aberdeen, March 
26, 1644 (Spalding's Troubles, p. 330). Sir Thomas Gordon of Cluny was 
caution to the Privy Council for the sixth laird of Gight in connection 
with the murder of Francis Hay in 1617. On Feb. 28, 1629, Anna Gordon, 
spouse to Thomas Gordon of Tulloch, was infeft in the lands of Pitten- 
dreich. On June 4, 1674, Thomas Gordon of Pittendreich was given as the 
liferenter of Tulloch, the laird of which was then a minor (Records of the 
Meeting of the Exercise of A If or d, p. 225). By her first husband (Alexander 
Gordon of Tulloch) she had 

WILLIAM GORDON of Tulloch, who went to France with a corps of 
men in March 5, 1642, and was made a captain (Spalding's Troubles, 
ii., 125). He married the laird of Cluny's daughter (Balbithan 
MS.), Janet Gordon, who (as a widow) was due Nathaniel Gordon 
500 merks in 1646. He had two sons 
ALEXANDER GORDON of Glengarroch. 
THOMAS GORDON of Garioch. 

n. JEAN married George Gordon of Crichie. The Balbithan MS. (p. 107) 
gives the name of "Cushney". But Crichie is unquestionably correct. 
Crichie, who was a cadet of Lesmoir, had first married Katherine 
Mclntosh, by whom he had Adam of Bogholl (Balbithan MS., p. 45). He 
then married Jean Gordon, by whom he had 

WILLIAM GORDON of Saphak, described in the Privy Council Register 
as the sixth laird of Gight's " suster sone ". William assisted 
his uncle, Alexander Gordon in Burnegraynes, to raid the lands of 
Sir William Keith of Balmure in March, 1618 (Nathaniel Gordon's 
father also being implicated). He was put to the horn. On June 
9, 1619, George Gordon of Gight was caution for him and Harry 

(230) 



GIGHT. 67 

- 

Gordon in Haddo not to molest William Keith and John Merser. 
On July 8, 1619, William complained to the Privy Council as 
follows : " He is informed that he is denounced as a rebel at the 
instance of Sir William Keith, Merser, and the King's Advocate for 
not appearing to answer to a charge of wearing hagbutis" coming 
to the lands of Kellie and near to Sir William Keith's house, " and 
in defiance of him ryding and courseing thair horse foiranent his ; 
searcheing of the said Sir William his maisonis at the kirk of 
Mathelick, who wer building to him ane dask thairintill, of purpois 
to haue slane thame, compelling his awne men to sweir vpon naiked 
swerdis that thay wer not his servandis ; invaiding and perseuing 
the said Mr. John Merser of his lyff within his awine barneyard, 
houseing him within his house and besedgeing him thairin a lang 
space ". Pursuer appearing personally and defenders not appearing, 
and pursuer pleading that he was not lawfully charged, had given 
caution of 500 for obedience, and had offered 20 for his escheat, 
the Lords suspend trje process until the principal letters of horning 
are produced. The Great Seal calls his wife Elizabeth Forbes and 
mentions him as late as 1620. The Balbithan MS. calls him simply 
" William Collonell Gordon ". He had, as noted, a brother by his 
father's first wife, Katherine Mclntosh (ibid., p. 45). 
ADAM of Bogholl (Great Seal). He was one of several Gordons, in- 
cluding William of " Saquhan," who granted a bond in 1606 to 
Patrick Gordon of Ruthven, author of Britane's Distemper, Aug. 28, 
1616. " The justice be the mouth of Thomas Young, Dempster of 
Court, ordanit Adam Gordoun of Boigholl [as cautioner and surety 
for the entry of John Gordon of Clubsgoul, the judge who "tried" 
Francis Hay] to be vnlawet in the pane of ffyve hundreth merkis 
for the nocht entrie : and that (he said John Gordoun sail be 
denuncet our Soverane Lordis rebell and put to his hienes home, 
and all his moveabill guides to be escheited " (Pitcairn's Criminal 
Trials, iii., 401). On July 16, 1620, Adam Gordon of Bogholl, 
was cautioner for Harry Gordon of Haddo, who was accused of 
the slaughter of John Johnston, servant and near kinsman to the 
laird of Caskieben, and was " unlawit for nocht entrie of the said 
Harie in the pane of 200 merkis " (ibid., iii., 48). 

12. LUCY (?) married James (?) Mowat of Balquholly (Balbithan MS.). Mr. Hay 

in his Sinclairs of Rosslyn says that " Lucy Gordon, daughter of the laird 

of Gight," married "James Mowat of Balquholly," and had a daughter 

MARGARET MOWAT, who had two illegitimate children (Patrick and 

John) to the Hon. William Sinclair, second son of the fourth Earl 

of Caithness. These boys were legitimated in 1607. The second 

of them 

REV. JOHN SINCLAIR, was the ancestor of Sir John Sinclair, the 



MOUSE OF GORDON. 

compiler of the Statistical Account of Scotland, and of the present 
baronet of Ulbster, and the Archdeacon of London. 

13. ELSPET (or ELIZABETH) was a sister worthy of her brothers' exploits. She 
married, in 1600, James Cheyne of Pennan, a James Cheyne (possibly of 
Esslemont) being charged by the Ellon Presbytery (Feb. n, 1600) with 
having performed the ceremony, he "having no function in the ministrie" 
(Mair's Presbytery of Ellon, p. 32). Cheyne belonged to a very lawless family. 
On March 23, 1619, John Gordon of Buckie made a series of complaints 
to the Privy Council about Elspet and her husband. "Of late," he says, 
"in his absence they had molested his tenants on the lands of Esslemont, 
compelling them with oppin force and violence to yeild unto quhat sumevir 
is demandit of them." In June, 1617, Elspet and her spouse went to the 
dwelling-house of Alexander Anysoun in Cairnhill, tenant of pursuer, 
assaulted him in a very cruel manner, and swore that he would have his 
life unless he removed from that town and the lands of Esslemont, or 
paid " in name of blak maill " a number of cayne fowls and a yearly 
pension. From Nov., 1617, to Feb., 1618, Elspet and her husband had 
gone to the pursuer's barnyard of Esslemont and taken away corn for 
the use of their horses and cattle. On a night of May, 1618, they went 
to the dwelling-house of John Petrie in Esslemont and Issobell Tillery, 
his spouse, broke up the doors, made themselves masters of the house, 
opened lockfast "loomes," etc., and took away "the haill meite, drink, 
meill, beiff and muttoun being within the same". When the tenants 
requested them to depart, Cheyne set upon Petrie with a sword and 
dagger, and would have slain him had he not escaped from the house. 
Thereupon Cheyne " cryit for fyre," and endeavoured to burn the house. 
He was prevented by some neighbours who had gathered together. In 
July, 1618, Cheyne went to the pursuer's lands of Carstane and assaulted 
Johnne Ligertwood, another tenant, whom he felled to the ground. He 
then demanded some meal and malt from Johnne Ligertwood, but was 
refused. Thereupon Cheyne went to Ligertwood's house and took a 
number of hens, capons, and other fowls. He swore that if he were 
again denied, he should neither eat nor drink till he had taken Ligert- 
wood's life. When the latter raised letters of lawburrows against Cheyne, 
that worthy vowed that he would take his life "in caise he gaif his aith 
that dreides him bodelie harme ". It is further stated that Petrie having 
asked the said Elspet Gordon to " forbeir suche unseamelie forme of 
doing," she thereupon "consaueing ane heich offence aganis him in the 
hicht of his distemperit passioun and unreulie humour, pat violent hand 
on him, and schamefullie and unhonnestlie strak and dang him with hir 
handis and feit in sindrie pairtis of his body and left him for deid ". Her 
husband has so often threatened to burn pursuer's houses, cornyards, etc., 
that his tenants and servants intend to " leave of the labouring of his 
lands and to cast the same in his hands ". Pursuer appearing and the 

(23*) 



GIGHT. 69 

said James Cheyne appearing for himself and his said wife, the Lords 
assoilzied the defenders because pursuer had failed to prove the charges. 
14. MARJORIE married, before 1587, her cousin-german, Alexander Innes of 
Cotts, who was known as " Crag-in-Peril ". His mother was a daughter 
of the fourth laird of Gight. (1 may note in parenthesis that her husband's 
grand-niece, Jane Innes, who died in 1727, married Thomas Pitt, the 
ancestor of Lord Chatham and William Pitt. A table giving the full 
connection between the Inneses and Pitts was published in Scottish Notes 
and Queries, June, 1898. A very elaborate table of the Pitts appears 
in Lady Russell's Swallowfield and its Owners p. 195.) Marjorie had a 
strain of the family blood, for there was " sum intrigue " between her 
and Innes, the marriage coming off " abruptly," though she was really 
" contracted with the Laird of Tolly Barclay " (Familie of Innes, p. 201). 
They had seven sons and two daughters : 

(1) JOHN INNES of Leuchars was his mother's son. In 1612 he and 

several other boys, including two Gordons (of course), were ar- 
raigned before the Aberdeen Town Council for a series of riots in 
the Grammar, Song and Writing Schools of the city. On De- 
cember i they took possession of the Song School, "lang before 
the superstitious tyme of Yeuill, against the laudibill acttis and 
statutes maid thairanent obefoir, nochwithstanding that souertie 
wes found be thame that thay sould not tack the schulles at that 
time nor na uther tyme of the year ; and that thay sould observe 
gude ordour and dL~ipline within the saidis schullis". They were 
also charged with carrying guns and with " schouting thairwith 
alswell on the nicht as on the day". Their " greit deids of oppres- 
sionne and ryottis" included their forcible entry of the citizens' 
houses, and " bracking up thair durris and windowis and maister- 
fullie tacking of thair fouillis, pultrie, breid, and vivaris ". They 
also looted the country carts which brought " fewall and vivaris 
cumeing to this burghe and mercat thairof" (Spalding Club, 
Extracts from the Council Register of Aberdeen). The ringleaders 
were imprisoned in the Tolbooth. This John Innes began life in 
the French army with his distant kinsman, Colonel Gordon (of 
Wallenstein notoriety). His eldest son married Marjorie Geddes, 
daughter of James Geddes of Auchenreath, and had eighteen 
children, including 

JOHN INNES of Leuchars, who married, at the age of forty-nine, 
Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Sir George Gordon of Edin- 
glassie, the latter being his father's first cousin. His wife's 
sister married William Duff of Dipple. John Innes had no 
issue. 

(2) ALEXANDER INNES entered the English service, and was attached 

successively to Buckingham, Stafford, and the King. He was 

(233) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 

once employed on a State mission to Holland (Familie of Innes, 
p. 208). 

(3) JAMES INNES was also in the English (Royalist) service, and was 

made a prisoner by the Parliamentary army at Windsor, 1643. 

(4) PATRICK INNES of Mefts was employed by the Earls of Argyll and 

Huntly. 

(5) GEORGE INNES had a pair of colours in Lord Spynie's regiment, 

raised for service with Gustavus Adolphus, 1621. He was laird of 
Caldcots ; married Isobel, daughter of Adam Gordon of Park ; and 
was ancestor of Cosmo Innes the antiquary. The Balbithan MS. 
(p. 36) erroneously calls him John Innes. 

(6) ROBERT INNES was also worthy of his mother's son. On Aug. 7, 

1621 (Privy Council Register), his uncle, the laird of Gight, had to 
appear on his behalf as cautioner in 500 merks that the boy should 
not disturb Marion Strachan, relict of John Innes of Leuchars 
(probably his aunt), and John Dunbar, notary public, burgess of 
Elgin, and their families. The bond is dated at Coittis, July 20, 
1621, and is witnessed by, among others, James Rutherfuird, 
Provost of Elgin. He entered the French army, and afterwards 
served with the English Royalists (Familie of Innes, p. 208). 



GEORGE GORDON, VI. OF GIGHT. 

(Son of V. : died in prison, 1640.) 

This laird, the eldest of the fifth laird's seven sons, carried on the 
family traditions with unswerving fidelity, and his life was one long 
struggle against law and order. He had arrived at that point of 
culture when a man is able to formulate the philosophy of his conduct. 
According to the Privy Council Register, he once said to his wife 

I can tak no rest. I knaw I will die upon a scaffald. Thair is ane evil turne 
in my hand, quhilk I avow to God presentlie to reform (Privy Council Register, July 
2, 1618). 

Secondly, we are informed by the same authority that Gight thought 
that it was 

A cryme unpardonable in the person of ony of his rank or within to resset or 
schaw favour to ony person aganis whome he beiris querrell. 

The Council ultimately labelled him as 

A most rebellious and disobedient person, who, by a concourse of a nombir of 
odious crymes, [had] made himself in a kynd eminent abone offendaris of the heichest 
degree. 

(234) 



GIGHT. 71 

As a final evidence of his evil reputation, let me quote Lord Dun- 
fermline, who, writing to Lord Binning on Feb. 18, 1616 (Eraser's 
Earls of Haddington, ii., 134), says : 

The insolence and misrewll committed by Geight can nather be vncouthe to 
yiow nor me that knaws the humouris of thase folkes, althocht wee might hawe 
hoped that the good ordour of all the rest of the countrie might hawe tempered thame 
suim better. 

Gight simply revelled in his effrontery, and, after the manner of a Jack 
Shephard, he once bragged that (Privy Council Register) 

He knew the Wynd of the Tolbuith, and how to gyde his turne [and that he 
had had to do] with the gritest of Scotland, and had outit his turnis aganis thame. 

Let me demonstrate these obiter dicta by the leading incidents in 
his career, extending over a period of six and forty years (1594-1640) : 

T 593- April 12. George Gordon, fiar of Gight, and others, having failed to 
appear to underlie such order " as sould haue beine prescrivit to thame tuicheing 
the observatioun of peax and quietnes in the cuntrie," are denounced as rebels (Privy 
Council Register). 

1594. Dec. 26. Robert Betoun of Balfour became surety in 5,000 merks for 
George Gordon, apparent of Gight, to keep ward in the place of Bonytoun or any 
other place besouth the Tay. On Feb. i;, 1595, this bond was deleted (Ibid.). Note 
that the third laird of Gight, who died in 1578, had married a daughter of Cardinal 
David Beaton, while the sixth laird himself was captured in 1640 by a Captain 
Beaton. 

1602. Nov. 23. The contract between George Gordon, fiar of Gight, and Mr. 
Robert Maitland on the third part of the lands of Auchincruive is recorded (Sasine 
Register). 

1605. Oct. 19. John Gordon of Buckie had to offer caution of 2,000 that 
Gight should not harm Archibald Douglas of Bennettle (Privy Council Register). 

1606. Feb. 8. George Gordon of Gight, " haeres masculus et talliae Willielmi 
Gordoun de Geicht, patris," was served heir in the lands of Badichill, Over and 
Nether Murefundlands, Over and Nether Suanfurde, Blacrie, and Mactarrie (/- 
quisitiones Speciales). 

1607. A "witch " named Malie Wyse was said to live on the lands of Gight 
(Mair's Ellon). 

1607. July 3. A priest named William Murdo, examined by the Privy Council, 
declared that he " understandis Mr. David Law as he belevis [is] bruther to the 
Bischop of Orknay, who is ane preist and not as yit ressavit in the ordour of Jesuitis, 
hot is desyreous to be thairin, and that Mr. David Law come to this cuntrey some 
yeiris syne frome Pareis, as the deponer rememberis, and the deponer knew him 
not afoir he come to this cuntrey bot as a young scoller in Pareis. And the deponer 

(235) 



72 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

knowis that he remanit a quhyle with young Geycht, and with his sister in Buchane, 
with whom he maid his residence. Examinat upoun that part of the writting 
beiring ' Estate preterita visitavi loca in quibus peregrinatus fuerat Machareus noster 
pie memorie,' etc., quhat placeis thir wes wher M'Quhirrie had hantit of auld, de- 
ponis that it wes with the Laird of Geycht in Buchane and no uther part, and deponis 
that he remanit in the wynter with William Leslie of Conrak and the rest of the 
partis contenit in his former depositioun " (Privy Council Register}. 

1609. March 16. Alexander, Lord Elphinstone, successfully petitioned the 
Privy Council for letters against George Gordon of Gight, James Gordon, apparent 
of Newton, John Gordon of Ardlogie, and others, for resetting and supplying John 
Meldrum of Ordley, who, on May 13, 1607, was put to the horn at the complainer's 
instance for not obtempering the decreet obtained by Andro Meldrum, now of Drum- 
bek, before the Lords of Council and Session on March 14, 1607. 

1610. February. The Bishop of Moray assured the king that Gight had 
shown himself a " great furderar and favourer of peace ". 

1612. September 29, 30. The Synods of the diocese of St. Andrews north of 
the Forth ordered Gight's excommunication to be intimated from its kirks (Minutes 
of the Synod of Fife), which was pillorying him again in 1614. 

1615. June 15. The king confirmed the charter by Henry Wood of Bonytoun, 
who sold to Gight, his son-in-law, the lands of Cuikburnes, "cum pendiculo," Tully- 
brex (Great Seal). 

1615. December. Gight was summoned by the Privy Council for breaking a 
sword across the head of the laird of Leask, whose daughter had been abducted 
in 1608 by his brother Adam. 

GIGHT'S REPUDIATION OF THE "TREW" RELIGION. Between 1597 and 1616 
Gight carried on a constant battle against the " trew religion ". In this he was sup- 
ported by his wife, Isobel Wood, of the Bonnyton family. The Woods were Papists, 
and the Presbytery Records of Ellon (which Mr. Mair has summarised) teem with 
reference to their heresy. Gight was in constant conflict with the Reformed Church, 
and was accused of harbouring " masse priests," who went about the country dis- 
guised as " medicinars". On June 12, 1594, he was one of the north countrymen 
charged to appear before the King and Council to answer for good rule and loyalty, 
to answer concerning " persute and invasioun of his Majesteis declairit tratouris, 
rebellious and unnaturall subjectis, tressounable practizaris and conspiratouris 
aganis the trew religioun presentlie professit within this realme, his Majesteis 
persone and estate, and libertie of this cuntrey ". On July n, 1594, Gordon was 
denounced as rebel in connection with this edict. In November, 1594, "young 
Geicht and Clunie" were received by the Duke of Lennox, who had been left in 
Aberdeen by the king as his lieutenant in the north. The Duke " tooke up 
vigourouslie the penalteis of the commoun people that obeyed not the procla- 
matiouns, but compouned easilie with the assisters of the rebels. He had power to 
receave to peace whom he pleased. He had avaritious and craftie counsellers left 
with him " (Privy Council Register). In 1597 the Presbytery of Ellon learned that 
Gight (who then lived at Little Ardo) and Isobel Wood had " laitlye caused ane 

(236) 



GIGHT. 73 

popish priest to baptise ane bairne to them ". Gight retorted that the minister of 
Tarves had declined to baptise "ye first of ye four bairnes". 

Gight and his wife excommunicated, 1601. In January, 1601, Mrs. Gordon was 
excommunicated, "as nothing is seen in her bot contumacie," and in the following 
September Gight was excommunicated. He had a fear of this sentence extra- 
ordinary in a man of his turbulent type and gave "the brethren" a trying time. 
On April, 1601, he was summoned to Aberdeen by the Presbyteries of Aberdeen and 
Ellon under pain of excommunication, but he did not appear. A letter was received 
from the Marquis of Huntly pointing out that George had ridden south with him 
" chairgit in his majesties adois". Gordon himself sent a letter, adding in addition 
to Huntly's excuse, that his brother-in-law, young Wood of Bonnyton, was in danger 
of his life at Edinburgh, " and to be executed as he fearit this xxiii of Aprile ". The 
brethren put off the examination of Gordon until May 8, when he duly appeared. 
Sentence of excommunication was deferred until July i, under certain conditions, 
among them that he should have the Confession of Faith read to him and attend the 
Kirk of Methlick. On July 24 he was summoned by the Presbyteries for failing to 
fulfil the conditions. His father, William, appeared in his absence and produced 
" tua testimionallis, testifeand his diseass, quhilkis the presbyteries fand irrelevant, 
becauss thair was na offer maid thairwith that he wald satisfie ". But upon his 
father's " ernist " request, the pronunciation of sentence was again postponed. He 
was summoned again on Aug. 7, but did not appear. Instead, he sent a servant 
with a letter, written from Kelly, on Aug. * He declared that he had a " deadlie 
diseass," which made him unable to leave the country, although the brethren might 
think this " ane fenyeit excuise. Befoir God I persuaid my selff that I haue fewe 
daies to leve in respect of yeiris." He offered to ward himself in his house to 
receive " nane quha is excommunicat (my bed fellow being exceptit)," and that he 
would confer with them when his "deidlie secknes dois permitt". He had simply 
a terror of excommunication, and went on to say : " I heir offeir, giff thair is nathing 
can satisfie yow [if] I remane Catholick, bot my bluid and wardlie wraik, to enter 
my selff ... in ony place ye pleiss till opponit, and gift it sail pleiss Majestic and 
your wisdomes of the Kirk of Scotland sa to tack my bluid for my professioun, 
quhilk is Catholick Romane, I will maist willinglie offere it for the same". The 
brethren were dissatisfied and summoned him (for the fourth time) on Aug. 14. 
Instead of appearing he sent his father, William. The brethren excommunicated 
him on Sept. 20 (Aberdeen Kirk Session Records, pp. 178-183; Mair's Presbytery of 
Ellon, pp. 7-11). 

Gight summoned as a Papist by the Privy Council. On Oct. 24, 1601, he appeared 
before the Privy Council on the charge (which he denied) of having often, notwith- 
standing divers proclamations to the contrary, resetted Mr. Johne Hamiltoun, who has 
made "schamefull defectioun and apostacie fra the treuth," and been " a trafficquar 
and practizar aganis the lauchfull authoritie and governament of Princeis," and the 
Council ordered him, on a caution of 5,000 merks, to enter in ward in the burgh of 
Montrose, and remain there till freed by his Majesty, "to the effect in the meane- 

037) HH 



74 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

tyme he may have conference with the ministeris, and be resolvit be thame in sic 
heidis and pointis of his religioun quhairin he standis in doubt". Sir David Wode 
becomes his surety. On March 2, 1601, Sir Johnne Lindsay of Wodheid was caution 
in 5,000 merks that Gight should repair to his own house of Ardoch and remain 
there, going monthly, if his health permit, to the burgh of Abirdene, where he is to 
reside eight days every month, occupied in conference with the Bishop of Abirdene 
and Presbytery thereof for his resolution in such points of religion as he stands in 
doubt of. He is to continue in the said ward and eight miles thereabout till freed 
by his Majesty. If he be so visited with " disease and seiknes " that he cannot re- 
pair to the said burgh, he shall monthly advertise the said Bishop and Presbytery 
thereof, with a request to send some one to reason with him on the said matter. 
On April 13, 1602, Huntly was charged by the Privy Council to enter certain Papists 
still at large in the north (Gight included) before the King and Council. In 1604 he 
was accused of having carried a crucifix on a spear at his mother's funeral. On 
Feb. 18, 1608, the captain of the guard was ordered to apprehend him and inventory 
his goods as he had been excommunicated, and had remained a long time unrelaxed 
from the horn. On April 28, 1608, John Dempstair and certain other officers of the 
guard reported to the Council that they had apprehended him in the north in the 
company of Francis, Earl of Erroll, " who, however, had prevented them from fully 
executing their warrant, alleging that he was a councillor himself, and would enter 
Gordon before the Privy Council when charged". Erroll was ordered to "compeir 
befoir the Counsell and to exhibit the Laird of Geycht ". In 1608 the General 
Assembly ordered the " downcasting " of Gight's private chapel (Mair's Ellon). In 
1609 the Privy Council summoned him for sheltering a Jesuit, Walter Murdo, "a 
traffiquair and practizar aganis the lauchfull authoritie and government of Princeis ". 
He was ordered, under a caution of 5,000 merks, to confine himself to the burgh of 
Montrose, where he was to confer with the ministers. 

Gight banished. On Feb. i, 1614, he was ordered to go abroad and remain 
there " dureing all the dayis of his lyftyme," without skaith to his person or property, 
provided he attempt nothing against the king or the present religion (Privy Council 
Register). On July 2, 1616, a commission under the signet was granted to the captain 
and lieutenant of the guard to apprehend Gight, as " ane profest and avowed Papist," 
who, " in the pryde of his heart, contemning and disdaining all kynd of procedeur, 
alsweill ecclesiastique as criminall," has made himself eminent above other offenders, 
especially by the wearing of hagbuts, the assault on the brethren of Brunthill and 
the murder of Francis Hay, and his refusal to appear for trial. Since he was put 
to the horn for these crimes he had been summoned before the High Commission 
of the Kirk for practising against the religion, but he had refused to appear. 

THE VENDETTA WITH THE HOUSE OF HAY, 1615-23. The feud between the 
Gordons of Gight and the House of Hay is unparalleled even in the history of the 
Gordons for its ferocity. It arose from several causes, and as usual had a basis in 
friendship and relationship. In the first place, Gight felt that he had to avenge the 
death (in a duel, Dec. 15, 1615) of his brother Adam, at the hands of Francis Hay 

(238) 



GIGHT. 75 


of Logierieve, who had been his bosom companion ; and second, there seems to have 

been some disagreement between his son-in-law, William Hay, son of the eighth 
Earl of Erroll, and the Hays of Brunthill. The vendetta assumed almost national 
importance, so that the Earl of Dunfermline thought it worth while to write to the 
king, Dec. 23, 1617 (Letters to King James VI., Maitland Club, 1835): "Your Sacred 
Majesty agreed [the Marquis of Huntly and Lord Erroll] and thair freindis in a par- 
ticuler perrollus deadlie feade [which] was fallin out amongs thameselffis, and lykelie 
to haue maide great truble betuix thame for the slauchter and bloode betuix Laird of 
Gight Gordon and ane brother of the Erll of ErrolPs and some otheris his freindis". 

The capture of Francis Hay, who killed Adam Gordon in a duel, 1615. Adam 
Gordon fell on Dec. 15, 1615. Three days later, according to the statement of 
the King's Advocate before the Privy Council (April 16, 1616), " George Gordoun of 
Geycht, William Hay, his son in law, Johnne, Alexander, Robert and Patrik Gordonis, 
his brether, James Baird, William Gordoun in the Maynis of Geycht, Johnne 
Sinclair, bruther to the Laird of Achannachie, Andro Nicolson, servitor to William 
Hay, Patrik Clyntlie in Ardiffery, Thomas Bisset, servitour to the Laird of Geycht, 
and Johne Gordoun, Scheref-depeite of Abirdene, with utheris thair complices, and 

with convocatioun of hes Majesteis leigeis to the noumir of personis, all of 

thame being privat men, cled with no lauchfull warrand, pouer, auctoritie nor com- 
missioun, and being bodin in feir of weir, with invasive forbidden and unlauchfull 
wapponis, and convocat and assemblit togiddei, the said Laird of Geycht come in a 
hostile and weirlyke maner to William Hay his dwelling house of Logyruiff, quhair 
umquhill Francis Hay, his Majesteis frie leige, wes for the tyme. [They] invironed 
and belayit the house on all sydis, upoun set purpoise, provisioun and resolutioun to 
have assedgit the same, and in end to have ressin fyre, gif any oppositioun had bene 
maid to thame in the deleverie of the said Frances. And haveing assaylled the said 
William Hay within his awne house a certane space with mony threatning and 
minassing speitcheis, in end thay forcit him for eschewing of thair barbarous crueltie 
... to grant thame acces in his house. And thay, usurping upoun thayme his Heynes 
royall pouer and auctoritie, took the said Frances prisouner and transportit him, 
guairdit with a nomber. of men in armes, to the burgh of Abirdene. Comeing 
thair about ten of the cloke at nicht, thay committit and detenit him presoner 
in thair awne ludgeing in the Gallowgait of Abirdene callit the Bony Wyffis Inne the 
space of fourty-aucht houris, to witt. quhill the twentye day of the said moneth 
at ellevin of the clock in the foirnoone, suffering no persone of his kin and freind- 
schip to haif access unto him nor to confer nor intercommoun with him in this 
meanetyme." 

Gight arranges a sham trial of Hay. " Gycht in this tyme directit his 
messageis and letteris to the haill baronis and gentilmen of the cuntrey thairaboute 
who profest him freindschip and goodwill, intreating thame to come and assist him 
in the acting of that detestable, violent, and barbarous tragidie which he had in 
handis. Quhairupoun thair come flocking unto him frome all the cornaris of that 
province nomberis of baronis and gentilmen in airmes. Being all assemblit togidder 

(239) 



76 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

to the nomber of twa hundreth people in airmes, and the Laird of Geycht 
thinking himselff of sufficient pouer, force and strength to do his turne and to resist 
quhatsumevir thing sould be intendit be ordour of law or utherwyse for defence of 
the said Frances his lyff, he being backit, assistit and accumpaneit with the haill 
nomber of personisfoirsaidis in airmes brocht the said Frances frome thair ludgeing 
the said twenty day at elevin of the clock in the foirnoone." Hay was carried " alangis 
the hie calsay to the Tolbuith of Abirdene, quhair Johne Gordoun of Clubbisgoul, 
scheref-depeite of Abirdene, ane of thair awne complices and direct pairtie with 
thame in all that mater, wes attending, he being the cheife persone whose advise, 
counsaill, and directioun and opinioun thay followit in the prosequtioun of this 
haill busynes. And he being guiltie in his awne conscience before God of partialitie 
and preocupyit opinioun, and knawing weill aneugh that the tyme of his priviledge, 
gif he ony had, wes expyrit, he, notwithstanding to the offence of God, contempt of 
his Majestic, and scandaill of the justice of the cuntrey, most presumptuouslie, 
arrogantlie, and with ane evill conscience, usurpit upoun him the place of judge and 
presentit himselff and sat down in judgement." 

Hay was refused the benefit of legal advice. " Mr. William Barclay, advocate, 
wes prepairit to haif compeirit for defence of the said Frances lyff, and had mony 
gude reasonis and exceptionis aganis the pretendit judge, as partiall and incompetent, 
being pairtie aganis his jurisdictioun as expyrit (the defendair not being tane reid 
hand), aganis the tyme (as not being cited upoun fyftene dayis wairning) and aganis 
the actioun as excludit, becaus the pairtie [Adam Gordon] slayne be Frances died 
at the home for divers criminall causis, quhairof the horningis wer reddie to produce. 
But the said scheref-depute, Laird of Geycht, and thair freindis being foirsene 
thairof, and understanding weill aneugh that ony ane of thir exceptionis according to 
the course of law and justice wald haif frustrat and maid void that dyet, and thay, 
being bent and resolvit to haif the said Frances lyff, thay directit George Leslie of 
Kincraigie to the said Mr. William Barclay with a commissioun dischargeing him 
upoun the perrell of his lyff to come and speik for the said Frances. [They told 
Barclay] gif he compeirit that, howevir thay wald reverence his Majesteis seate 
during his being thair, thay sould put twenty quhinyearis in him efter he wes anes 
doun the stair. And some uther advocatis in the toun were boistit, threatnit, and 
minassit gif in any wayis thay spak in that mater. And some of the said Frances 
freindis, who wer preparit to come to Abirdene to dischairge that dewtie unto him, 
quhilk became thame, thay wer adverteist and forwairnit to come upoun thair gaird, 
or utherwyse upoun thair hasard and perrell. And sua the poore gentilman, being 
bereft of the benefite of lauchfull defence quhilk God and nature has indifferentlie 
allowed unto all men, and debarrit fra speiche, company and conferrence of his 
freindis and advocatis, who durst not assist him for feirof that unlauchfull assemblie 
of forces, he wes enterit upoun pannell and put to the knawledge of ane assise 
selectit and chosen be the pairties thameselffis, and who wer so far addictit unto 
thame as no doubt wes had of the said Frances convictioun. Lykeas he wes 
convict be thame of the said slauchter, and sentence of death pronuncit aganis him 
to losse his head." 

(240) 



GIGHT. 77 



Hay condemned to death by a packed court and brutally murdered by the Gordons. 
" After the pronunceing of quhilk sentence the pretendit usurping judge deliverit the 
said Frances to the pairtie, to be demanit as thay thocht good, who took him bak to 
thair awne privat prisone agane, and keipit him till the nixt day. And chuseing the 
tyme of sermone for his executioun about seven in the cloik in the morning, to the 
effect the eyis of these who delytit to heir the preiching of Godis word sould not be 
polluted, nor thair hairtis grevit with that act worthie of no uther spectatouris bot 
the cruell actouris, thay being all convenit in airmes as afoirsaid, took the said 
Frances doun the closse of thair ludgeing oute at a backyette, and caryit him to a 
hoill betuix tua mottis, not a rig lenth or tua fra the said dure, quhair they crowned 
thair tragidie with so butcherly mangling the poore gentilman with sex severall 
straikes upoun his shoulderis, hind head and neck, as the lyke hes nevir, or seldome, 
bene sene or hard." 

The Gordons then make an attack on the victim's kinsmen, the Hays of Brunthill, 
1616. The Gights, however, were not satisfied with the brutal murder of Francis 
Hay. They made a daredevil attack on the Hays of Brunthill (who had sheltered 
Francis) in " a most raigefull crueltie," for the laird of Gight thought it a " cryme 
unpardonable in the persone of ony of his rank or within to resset or schaw favour 
to ony persone aganis whom he beiris querrell ". So on February i, 1616, the laird 
of Gight, his brothers Alexander, Patrick and Robert, his son-in-law, William Hay, 
his servants, James Baird and William Gordon, in the Mains of Gight, Andrew 
Milne, falconer, John Sinclair, brother to the laird of Auchanachie, Andrew Nicolson, 
servant to William Hay, and Andrew Cantlie, "all bodin in feir of war, and haveing 
hagbutis and pistolletis upoun thair personis," did battle with the Hays. Accord- 
ing to the complaint of the King's Advocate to the Privy Council (April 16, 1616), 
Gight was informed by a spy sent out by him that \Villiam, George and Patrick 
Hay, the sons of Alexander Hay of Brunthill, were " at ane brydaill at the mylne of 
Ardiffrie, within twa flicht shott of thair fatheris dwelling hous and upoun Frances 
Erll of Erroll his proper land and heritage of the barony of Slaines ". The Gordons 
" raid about the house in a bragging forme, purpoislie to have trayned " the Hays 
out. The Hays, knowing that their lives were in imminent danger, sent out their 
brother George without " swerd or weapone " to parley with the intruders. In " most 
gentill termes" he desired them to "go away in peace and not to crave moir blood, 
seeing ther wes aneugh already gottin. Bot so far wer they [the Gordons] frome 
giving care to the intreaty of the said George, that most feirslie, schamefullie and 
cruellie they set upoun the said George and his saidis tua brethir, and invaidit and 
perseuit thame of thair lyveis, hurte the said Williame deadlie in the oppin of the 
head with a swerd eftir he wes schote throw the thie with a hagbute, gaif the said 
George tua deidlie strykis, ane on the head and ane upoun the left hand, sua that he 
is mutilat of tua fingeris, and strak the said Mr. Patrik through the body, and left 
thame all lyaid upoun the ground for dead, suirlie beleving thay had bene dead, 
utherwyse thay had not left thame quhill thay had bene dead, and thay left ane 
hagbute and pistollet behind thame." According to the King's Advocate (on March 

(241) 



78 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

12) it was the laird of Gight who "schote a lang hagbute at William Hay, quhair- 
with he schote him throw the thie," and then attacked Patrick and George. It was 
also stated that the laird's son-in-law, William Hay, presented a pistol at Patrick 
Hay, " quhilk misgaif, and that thaireftir he stoggit him with a rapper". 

The Laird of Gight gives the Privy Council a different version. The laird of 
Gight, who did not appear as ordered before the Privy Council, had quite a different 
story to tell. He declared that, as there was "some question, controversie and 
difference standing betuix" his son-in-law, William Hay, and the latter's mother, 
Dame Agnes Sinclair, Countess of Erroll, he (the laird of Gight) travelled for the 
" freindlie setling of the materis forsaidis standing questionable ". He arranged a tryst 
between Hay and his mother at the Kirk of Cruden. In the evening, he, his son-in- 
law, his servant Baird, and two other " husband men," left the house of Hay, which 
was near the church. They were "single and thame allanes with ganging staulffis 
in thair handis walking on fute for seiking ane flicht to the said Laird of Geycht his 
halk upoun the watter of Cruden. They come alongis the said watter neir unto the 
mylne of - , pertening to the said William Hay, in a verie peciable and quiet 
manner, lippyning for nothing les then ony oppin violence or injurie to have bene 
done to thame be ony persone or personis. Notwithstanding, it is of treuth that 
Maister Patrik, Williame and George Hayis, sones to Alexander Hay of Brunthillis, 
being in ane oisler house neir unto the said mylne, quhair they had spent the most 
pairt of that day in the intertenyment of thameselffis with excesse, and persaveing 
the said Laird of Geycht walking on his fute with ane staulf in his hand as said is, 
upoun a deidlie malice and privat grudge consavit and borne be thame in thair hairtis 
aganis him resolvit at that tyme to have his lyfe. And for this effect the said Mr. 
Patrik Hay, him allane comeing first furth of the said house, verie tantanlie, scorn- 
fullie, and disdanefullie schoutit and cryit the falconneris cry, and said ' Wow, wow, 
schit schew ! ' and the said Laird of Geycht, not knawing at first who it wes, nor 
quhat the mater meanit, patientlie comportit with the speitcheis foirsaidis ; bot 
heireftir persaveing that it was Mr. Patrik Hay, for eschewing of forder trouble thay 
went directlie fordwart alongis the said watter, comporting with the injurie foirsaid. 
And the said William Hay, bruther to the said Mr. Patrik, comeing then furth of the 
said house, thay both, airmed with swerdis, came trotand eftir the said complenaris ; 
and the said William Hay, brother to the said Erll of Erroll, haveing went to thame 
to ask of thame quhat thay meanit, and to haif dissuadit thame fra committing ony 
oppin violence aganis his said father-in-law, thay directlie past by him, pullit out 
thair swerdis, and most feirslie set upoun the said Laird of Geycht, and schamefullie, 
cruellie, and unmercifullie invaidit and perseuit him of his lyff. And he having fled 
from thame a grite space, thay, accompanyit with the said George Hay, thair said 
third bruther, followit him over the bra of the mylne dame of the said mylne (fra 
quhilk place he could not flie ane fute farder), and thair the saidis thrie brether most 
cruellie and unmercifullie invaidit and perseuit him of his lyff, lichtit all thrie upoun 
him at once with thair drawne swerdis, cuttit doun thairwith his pickadill upoun both 
his sheulderis, strak him on his bak in the said mylne dame, and had not faillit to 

(242) 



GIGHT. 79 

k 
have slayne and drownit him thairintill (his said son-in-law and .his said servand being 

singlit frome him and haldis fast be the persones present for the time) wer not, be 
the providence of God, the said Laird of Geycht his said servand, who bore his halk, 
pat ane hagbute in his hand, which he then accidentlie carved for slaying ane craw 
to the halk, (and) the said Laird of Geicht defendit himselff thairwith. And the 
saidis personis also cruellie and unmercifullie invadit and perseuit the said William 
Hay and - Baird of thair lyveis, and thay narrowlie eschapit with their lyves." 

How the Privy Council tried in 1616 to bring the Gordons to justice. The Privy 
Council found it a difficult task to bring the Gordons to book. On Feb. 8, 1616, 
the Council ordered all the parties to appear, the laird of Gight and his son-in-law, 
Hay, under pain of 5,000 merks each. On March 12 Hay appeared, and he and 
the laird of Gight, together with the latter's brother, John, who did not appear, 
were ordered to enter their persons in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh within fifteen 
days. The laird's brother, Alexander, was denounced as a rebel, and all his 
movables were to be escheated for his non-appearing. On behalf of the Brunthill 
victims, Mr. David Rattray, minister at Cruden, appeared and declared that they 
were unable to travel their father in respect of his "aige and seikness," and the 
three sons in respect of the " hurtis and woundis quhilkis the}' ressavit ". On April 
16 the King's Advocate detailed the whole story at great length. It was stated that 
the laird of Gight, " feiring the event of his tryall, and takand upoun him the igno- 
minie and guilt of that cryme, he abstentit himselff and compeirit not " before the 
Council. James Gordon of Knockespock appeared to excuse the absence of the 
defenders, all of whom were absent except William Hay, Gight's son-in-law. So the 
Lords ordered that the laird of Gight, his brothers John and Alexander, together 
with John Gordon of Clubisgoul (the sham judge of Francis Hay) and Gight's servant, 
James Baird, should enter their persons in the Tolbooth. William Hay was delivered 
to the lieutenant of the guard to be similarly confined. The charge against Gight's 
brothers, Robert and Patrick, and against John Sinclair, Adam Nicolson, William 
Gordon, Patrick Bisset and Patrick Cantlie was found not proven so far as the actual 
capture of Francis Hay was concerned, though they were all put to the horn in 
respect of the attack on the Brunthill Hays in February. 

The Hays accused of making an attack on the Laird of Gight. The quarrel took a 
new turn in June, 1616, when the Hays attacked the Gordons, for, according to the 
complaint (Feb. 25, 1617) by the King's Advocate and the laird of Gight, the Hays, 
accompanied by George Hay of Achairne and Johnne Fraser of Crechie, "with 
utheris, thair compliceis, all bodin in feir of weir and with hagbutis and pistolletis 

prohibite to be worne be the lawis of this realme, come upoun the day of the 

said moneth of Junij, ryding upoun horsbak, to the said George [Gordon] his landis 
of Birnes, and searcht and socht the said George throughout all the pairtis of his 
saidis landis, raid about the housis of the same, and had not faillit to have slane 
him upoun set purpois. provisioun and foirthocht felloun wer not be the providence 
of God he come not thair that day ". The Gordons appeared personally, as also 
did George and William Hay, the latter presenting a testimonial under the hand of 

(243) 



8O HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Mr. David Rattray, minister at Cruden, stating that Mr. Patrick Hay was sick and 
confined to bed. The other defenders, George Hay of Auchquhairney and George 
Fraser of Crechie, not appearing, and the said William and George Hay having 
admitted that they had worn hagbuts and pistollets since the beginning of trouble 
with pursuer, but without ever having done harm to any person, the Lords assoilzie 
George and William from the charge of assault because they have denied the 
charge on oath. They excuse the absence of Mr. Patrick, and order the other 
defenders who have not answered the summons to be denounced rebels. 

General indictment of Gight and his "odious crymes," July, 1616. On July 6, 
1616, the Privy Council resolved to punish Gight, not only on account of the Hay 
affair, but also as a Papist. He was described as " ane profest and avowed 
trafficquing Papist and adversair to God and his treuth, having shaikin af his 
dewtie and alledgeance to his Majestic, his obedience to the laws and discipline 
to the Kirk, and in the pryde of his hairt contempning and disdaining all kynd of 
procedour that can be used aganis him. [He] hes of laitt gevin prooffe of a most 
rebellious and disobedient persone, and by a concurse of a nomber of odious crymes 
hes maid himself in a kynd eminent above offendaris in the heichest degree." The 
laird had been "chairgit to haif compeirit befoir the Lordis of his Majesties Previe 
Counsall to haif underlyne such ordour as sould haif bene tane with him for ob- 
serveing of his Majesteis peace and keiping of goode reule and quietnes in the 
cuntrey, as alsua to haif answerit to ane complaint maid upoun him for his Majesteis 
Advocatt for his Hienes witnesse for bearing and wearing of hacquebuttis and 
pistolletis and persute of the brether of Brunthill hard by thair fatheris dwelling 
house". But the laird, "takand the cryme upoun him, and disdaneing either to gif 
obedience to his Majestic or to purge and cleir himself of the said cryme, absentit 
himself and compeirit not befoir the saidis Lordis to haif answerit upoun his 
usurpeing of his Majesties princlie power and auctoritie in the unlauchfull taking 
of umquhill Frances Hay, and for the barbarous and butcherlie murdering of him 
he lykewyse tooke the cryme upoun him and absentit himself, for the quhilk decreit 
and sentence is gevin and pronunceit, and letteris of horning direct aganis him for 
entrie of his personie in wairde within the Tolbuith of Edinburgh. And alsua 
upoun the said xxviiij day of Marche, Alexander Gordon, brether to the said George 
Gordon of Geycht, wes denunceit rebell and putt to the home be vertew of letteris 
raisit at the instance of his Majesties Advocat for his not compeirance personallie 
at ane certane day before the saidis Lordis to have answerit to ane complaint maid 
upoun him tuitcheing the bearing and wearing of hacquebuttis and pistolettis as 
the saidis letteris execute, indorsate, and registrat beiris. And siclyke upoun the 
fourt and sex dayis of Julij instant Alexander, Patrik, and Robert Gordonis, brether 
to the said George Gordon of Geycht, James Baird and William Gordon, in the 
Maynis of Geycht, Andro Mylne, falconer, Andro Nicolsoun, servitor to William 
Hay, son in law to the said George Gordon of Geycht, and Patrik Cantlie in 
Ardiffrie, wer denuncit rebellis and putt to the home be vertew of letteris raisit 
at the instance of his Majesties Advocat foirsaid for not compeirance personallie 

(244) 



GIGHT. 8l 

before the saidis Lordis of Secreit Counsall at ane certane day bigane to haif 
ansuerit to ane complaint maid upoun him be his Majesties said Advocat for the 
persute and invasioun of the forsaidis brether of Brunthill with unlauchfull and 
forbidden waponis in maner and at the tyme specifeit and contenit in the saidis 
letteris as the samyn beiris. . . . Quhairfore the Lordis of Secreit Counsall hes 
gevin and grantit and be the tennour hairof gevis and grantis full power and com- 
missioun, expres bidding and chairge to the Capitane or Leutennant of the Gaird and 
to suche of the Companie of the Gaird as salbe direct be thame to convocate his 
Majesties liegeis in armes, and to pas, search, seik, and tak the personis rebellis 
foirsaidis quhairevir thay may be apprehendit, and to bring, present and exhibite 
thame befoir the saidis Lordis to be tane ordourwith as apperteynis, as alsua to pas, 
persew, and tak thair houses " (in customary form). 

The King intervenes in the Gordon-Hay vendetta. At last the king himself inter- 
vened. Writing to the Privy Council from Bletso (July 24, 1616), with "most 
princelie, wyse and judicious direction," his Majesty said: "We once hard of ane 
aggreiance betwene the Hayes and Gordons, but are not the les now certified of 
the contrarie, and that the saidis Hayes ar^ now resolved to urge the benefit 
and executioun of our lawes allsweill against the unlauchfull imprisonaris and 
putteris to death of thair late kinsman, Francis Hay, as against the invaderis 
and hurteris of the brethren Brunthill. In whiche regaird and upoun the not 
aggreiance of the afoirnamed parteis wee have thocht good to recommend unto 
yow two thingis which yee are accordinglie to performe. The first is that yee proceed 
with all care and diligence to a full and exact tryall of the committeris and acces- 
saries guiltie of the foirsaidis crymes, especiallie of the unlauchfull committment 
and executioun of the said Frances Hay, and that this done, yee caus do justice 
against the offendaris according to the merite and qualitie of the cryme quhairof 
thay salbe fund culpable. The next thing whiche we are to recommend to yow is 
(after due triall and punishement of the delinquentis) to urge the foirsaidis pairties to 
reconcile and aggrie. For, as a reconciliatioun can not upoun equall termes inter- 
vene betweene guiltie and innocent, so is it necessarie that justice preceid for 
making the guiltie pairtie innocent by punisheing offendaris, that thairefter a 
freindschip and aggreiance may be performed betuix the pairties so made innocent 
on both sides. And what in this case we have prescribed, the lyke yee ar to 
observe and use as a rule and square to direct yow in all incidentis of this or the 
lyke nature, knawing that as wee rigne not precario bot a frie and absolute king, so 
we will nather suffer the reconciliatioun of pairties amongst thameselffis to intersept 
the dew course of justice in the punishment of crymes whairin we have interesse, 
nor that the lauchfull instance of pairties interessed against suche malefactoris to 
be punished by the hand of our justice salbe ane occasioun of discorde amongst the 
freindis of suche pairties therefter. And so, not doubting bot yee will proceid to the 
performance of the premisis with that care and diligence that the consequence of the 
mater, and wee for our satisfactioun do require, wee bid yow fairwell." 

Special precautions taken for the trial of the Gordons in Edinburgh, Aug., 1616. 
The extraordinary intimidation at the "trial" of Francis Hay in Aberdeen gave 

(245) I I 



82 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

the Crown authorities such a fright that when they resolved to try the Gordons in 
Edinburgh they took extraordinary precautions. On August 27, 1616, they issued 
a proclamation for keeping of the peace in Edinburgh on the approaching day of 
law for the trial of parties concerned in the taking and execution of Francis Hay. 
" Forsamekle as althocht by divers actis and proclam(ationis) maid and publeist 
heirtofoir the convocatioun of his M(ajesties) liegeis for backing of pairties to dayis 
of law be pro(hibite) and dischairgit under divers pases mentionet and (contenit in) 
the actis maid theranent, notwithstanding (the Lordis) of Secreit Counsall ar in- 
formed thair is grite nomberis of people come to this burgh for assisting and backing 
the pairties haveing entres in persute and defence at the dyet appointit befoir his 
Majesties Justice in the Tolbuith of Edinburgh upoun the xxviij day of August 
instant for the taking and executioun of umquhill Frances, it is to be suspected that 
some inconvenientis sail fall oute betuix thame within this burgh to the breck of his 
Majesties peace without remeid be providit : Thairfore the saidis Lordis ordanit ane 
maiser to pas to the mercat croceof Edinburgh and utherisplaceis neidfull and thair 
be oppin proclamatioun to command and chairge all and sindrie his Majesties 
liegeis and subjectis who ar alreddy come or that salhappin to come to this burgh 
to attend and await upoun the said day of law, or for ony uther caus or occasioun 
quhatsumevir, that thay and everie ane of thame observe his Majesties peace, keepe 
goode reule and quietnes ane with another, and that thay nor nane of thame pre- 
soome nor tak upoun hand to invade or persew ane another, nor to mak provocatioun 
of offence or displeasour ane to another by worde, deade, countenance, toukeing, nor 
by na uther maner of way, under quhatsumevir collour or pretext under the pane of 
deade : certifeeing thame that failyees or that sail happin to do in the contrair that 
thay salbe takin, apprehendit, and the pane of deade salbe execute upoun thame 
withoute favour or mercye : and to command and chairge and inhibite all and sindrie 
his Majesties liegeis and subjectis that nane of thame presoome nor tak upoun hand to 
accompany ony of the saidis pairties to the bar the day foirsaid without ane warrant 
in wryte from the saidis Lordis to be grantit upoun the petitioun and desyre of the 
pairtyis persewar and defendair under the pane of warding of thair personis and 
forder punishement at the discretioun of his Majesties Counsall." 

The outlawing of Francis Hay's unjust judge, John Gordon of Clubisgoul. 
According to the MSS. collections of Sir James Balfour, preserved in the Library 
of the Faculty of Advocates, and printed in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials (in., 39), John 
Gordon of Clubisgoul, who had been summoned with Gight and his accomplices for 
Hay's slaughter, appeared before the justice and his deputes in the Tolbooth of Edin- 
burgh, August 28, 1616, accompanied by "sum gentilmen of the name of Gordon ". 
He came with outward " show and apperance," and petitioned the Council to let some 
gentlemen of his name assist him at the bar. This was granted " to sex persones 
selected and maid choise of be himselff. The Erll of Erroll came lykewayes heir 
for persute of that mater, he having procurit ane Licence from the Counsell con- 
venit at Abirdene for his cuming heir." He also "cravit licence that he might go 
to the Bar to assist the persute of that mater, hot in regaird he wes excommunicat 
it was not thought expedient that he sould go in persone to the bar, becaus it wes 

(246) 



GIGHT. 83 

suspectit that the excommunication would be objectit aganist him to debar him from 
proces. And als becaus His Ma ties Advocat was pairtlie persewar in the Letteris 
who wold prosecute that mater, als weill as if the Erll war present. The Court 
being fensit, the justice, Justice Clerk, with the haill memberis of the Court, and 
the parteis persewaris being all present, and the Sheref-depute being constantlie 
looked for to compeir, he notwithstanding absentit himselff, and is thairfoir declairet 
fugitive and his cautioneris vnlauit." This was but a formal beginning of the 
proceedings against the main culprit, Gordon of Gight himself. 

Gight complains to the Council about their injustice to him in the Hay affair, 1617. 
On January 16, 1617, the laird of Gight complained to the Council that he had 
been put to the horn wrongfully for not entering into ward to answer three charges : 
() the pursuit of William, George and Mr. Patrick Hay ; (6) the slaughter of Francis 
Hay; and (c) his not appearing to answer the complaint anent the trouble between 
him and the brethren of Brunthill. As he was never lawfully charged to enter his 
person or to appear, and as he had found caution in 6,000 merks to appear this day, 
and will make payment of 200 merks to the treasurer for his escheat, he pleads that 
the hornings should be suspended. Pursue*" and the King's Advocate appearing 
personally, the Lords, in respect of the laird's appearance, suspend the letters of 
horning. They order him to find caution in the sum of 5,000 merks to keep the 
peace, and to appear before them to answer for the said crimes, and to find caution 
in the Books of Adjournal for his appearance before the justice to the same effect 
under the said pain of 5,000 merks. Caution is to be found within forty-eight hours. 
On Jan. 14, 1617, William Hay was ordered to be set at liberty, the laird of Gight 
being made his cautioner. February 26 was appointed as the day of Gight's ap- 
pearance, and as the Council learned that there would be " grite contestatioun 
and reasoning betuix the pairties, and that divers questionis, objectionis, ansueris 
and replyis" would require good advice and deliberation, "the saidis Lordis hes 
appointit and nominat and be the tennour heirof nominatis and appointis the per- 
sonis following thay ar to say, Sir Richard Cokburne of Clerkintoun, knicht, Lord 
Previe Seale ; Sir Williame Levingstoun of Kilsyith ; Sir Andro Hammiltoun of 
Ridhous ; Sir Alexander Drummond of Medop ; and Sir James Skeene of Currihill 
to be assessouris to our Soverane Lordis Justice, and to assist him with thair advise 
and opinioun in suche thingis as salbe propouned in that judgement ". 

The Marquis of Huntly and the Earl of Erroll ordered to intervene. On February 
20, in view of the " hairtburning, private grudge, and miscontent " which the whole 
vendetta had occasioned, the Council ordered that the officers of arms should " pas to 
the Mercat Croce of Edinburgh " and charge the Marquis of Huntly, " as chief to the 
said Laird of Geycht," and Francis, Earl of Erroll, as to the brether of Brunthill, 
"as alsua the pairtyis thameselffis, and the haill noblemen, baronis, and gentlemen 
of thair name, and all thair servandis, followaris, and propper dependaris, who ar 
alreddy come to this burgh or sail come to the same to attend and awaitt upoun the 
said day, and for assisting and baking of one of the pairties, that they immediatelie 
addresse thameselffis to thair ludgeingis within this burgh [of Edinburgh] and con- 
teene thameselffis thairin, and onnawayes come furthe thairof withoute licence of the 

(247) 



84 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

saidis Lordis had and obtenit to that effect, and that the pairtyis thameselffis onna- 
wayes presoome to come to the Justice Court quhill the magistratis of the said burgh 
of Edinburgh come and mak thair convoy and addresse to the same under the pane of 
rebellioun, etc., with certificatioun. And siclyke to command, chairge, and inhibite 
all and sindrie personis that nane of thame be fund walking upoun the streetis of 
this burgh efter the ringing of the ten hour bell at night under the pane to be takine, 
apprehendit, wairdit, and punist as accordis." 

The trial of Gight was a fiasco. The trial proved a sheer fiasco. On Feb. 26, 
1617, the Court met as appointed, the prosecutors being Lord-Advocate Oliphant 
and Marjorie Keith, the mother of the deceased Francis Hay, while as prolocutors 
for the defence were Gordon of Cluny, the Laird of Strathdon, Thomas Nicolson 
elder, and Alexander Peebles and Robert Fairlie, advocates. By consent of both 
parties the trial was adjourned till the 28th, Gordon of Cluny becoming cautioner in 
5,000 merks for the appearance then of Gordon of Gicht. " Upon the 26 Februar," 
writes Calderwood, "the Crosse of Edinburgh was taken doun. The old long stone, 
about fortie foots or thereby in length, was translated by the devise of certaine 
mariners in Leith from the place where it stoode past memorie of man to a place 
beneath in the Highe Street without anie harme to the stone, and the bodie of the 
old Crosse was demolished and another buildit, whereupon the long stone or obelisk 
was erected and sett up on the 28th Marche." When Feb. 28 came round the Lords 
of Secret Council thought it expedient for " mony goode respectis and considera- 
tionis tending to the observation of his Majesteis peace within the burgh that 
the justice courte now presentlie sitting for tryeing of the Laird of Geycht anent 
the unlauchfull taking and detening of umquhill Francis Hay and for persuite 
of the brether of Brunthill sail sitt no (langer this nyght nor fyve of the cloke 
at nyght and so lang heirefter as this mater salbe of continewance), that the 
Courte (sitt no langer bot till fyve of the cloke nyghtlie), and ordanes the (clerk of) 
Counsall to (go and make intimation heirof to the justice) and to desire him to 
conforme himself in this mater accordinglie ". The second day of the trial (Feb. 
28) is described at length in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials (iii., 419-422). Sir William 
Hart and Alexander Colville were the judges. The prosecutors, as on the first day, 
were Lord-Advocate Oliphant and Marjorie Keith, mother of the deceased Francis 
Hay, but with George Hay, brother of the deceased William Hay, fiar of Brunthill, 
and George Hay, his brother, now conjoined with them ; as prolocutors for the 
pursuit were named the Earl of Erroll, Lord Oliphant, Lord Yester, and Alexander 
Keith of Ludquharne ; and the prolocutors for the defence now named were the 
Marquis of Huntly, the Earl of Eglinton, Viscount Lauderdale, Lord Ochiltree, Mr. 
Thomas Nicolson, and Mr. Alexander Peebles. After a good deal of ingenious 
argumentation between the laird of Gight's counsel and the Lord Advocate, the 
trial was adjourned to the following day (ist March), Gordon of Cluny continuing his 
caution for the laird of Gight. The Court duly met for its third sitting on March i 
as appointed. From Pitcairn (iii., 422-424) it appears that, in consequence of the 
illness of Sir William Hart, the single judge on the bench that day was Mr. Alex- 
ander Colville, and that it was pleaded on behalf of Gordon of Gight that Colville 

(248) 



GIGHT. 85 

could not be lawfully a judge in the case, because he was fourth of kin to the 
Countess of Erroll, whose husband was a party to the pursuit, and that the sitting 
was consumed in argument pro and con on this question between the counsel for 
Gight and the Lord Advocate. There was again adjournment to the present 4th 
March, on which day, as appears from Pitcairn (iii., 424-427), Mr. James Bannatyne 
of Newtyle presented his commission and took his place on the bench along with 
Mr. Alexander Colville, and much of the proceedings consisted in argument pro and 
con on a declinature submitted in retaliation by the Lord Advocate of the com- 
petency of Drummond of Medhope and Hamilton of Redhouse to be assessors on 
the trial, in respect that they were both related to the Marquis of Huntly, and 
therefore likely to be prejudiced in favour of Gight. The question was left un- 
decided and the Court again adjourned. Since the 4th March, the third day of the 
sittings, there had been adjourned sittings on the 7th, the 8th, and the nth and 
i2th (see Pitcairn, iii., 427), where it appears that the pursuers had abandoned 
their declinature of the assessorships of Drummond of Medhope and Hamilton ot 
Redhouse, and that on the nth and i2th thr r e were very prolix disputations on 
the merits of the case. 

The trial stopped. On March 13, which was the eighth day of the trial, there 
was a stop in the proceedings, which is recorded thus : " The Justice and Assessouris 
for obedience of ane warrand of the Lordis of Secreit Counsall producet be my 
Lord Justice Clerk, continewis this Justice Court and all forder disputatioun in 
this cause to the auchtene day of Junii nixtocum". The warrant is signed by the 
Chancellor, Marr and Binning. The trial was postponed on June 18 to June 27, 
when, according to Pitcairn, "the Justice be directioun of the Kingis Majestic de- 
clairit be my Lord Advocat continews all forder disputatioun in this process and 
tryeli of the particular crymes respective contenit in that summondis to the third 
day of the next justice-air of the sherefdome quhair the parteis, alsweill persewaris 
as defendaris, duelles (Aberdene), or soner upon xv dayes wairning : and ordanis the 
Laird of Geicht to find caution for his compeirance to the effect and in maner above 
written, under the pane of 5,000 merks, conforme to his Majesteis directioun re- 
portit to his Majesteis Advocat as said is". Gight found William Gordon of 
Rothiemay his surety. 

Erroll objects to Huntly. ^On July 27, 1617, the Lords of Secret Council decided 
on the proposition laid before them by the king " tuitching " the exemption craved 
by Francis, Earl of Erroll, from the office and judgment and jurisdiction of sherriffship 
of George, Marquis of Huntly, which the Earl desired " be insert in his Majesteis 
decreit, and sentence arbitrall to be gevin and pronuncet be his Majestic upoun that 
submissioun, maid unto his Majestic be the said Marques takand the binding on him 
for George Gordoun of Geycht and Johnne Gordoun, lait scheref-depute of Abirdene, 
on the ane pairt, and the said Erll of Errole, takand the burdyne on him for the 
fader and bairnes of Brunthill and for the moder and freindis of umquhill Frances 
Hay, on the other pairt ". The Lords, understanding that the submission pro- 
ceeded not upon any deeds done by the Earl and the Marquis, " or upoun ony con- 
troversie or debait standing amangis thameselffis, bot onlie upoun the occasiounis 

(249) 



86 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

fallin oute betuix thair freindis, and that thay ar no forder bundin hot to caus thair 
freindis underly and obey his Majesteis decreit and sentence to be pronunceit be- 
tuix thame ; and considering thairwithall that a schereff-principall can not be 
ansuerable in criminalibus for his depute, seeing the cryme is personall and the 
punishement dew thairfoir aucht onlie to be execute upoun the persone guiltye : 
Thairfoir the saidis Lordis findis that his Majestic in his decreit and sentence can 
not of law decerne the said exemptioun seeing thair is no suche mater submittit, and 
his Majestic can not pas the boundis of the submissioun ; and yf the said Erll hes 
ressoun for him to seik the said exemptioun he wil be hard thairupoun befoir the 
Lordis of Counsell and Sessioun". 

The King settles the vendetta. " It was the King himself," says the editor of 
the Privy Council Register (vol. xi.), "that had thought the trial worthy of his own 
interposition during his visit to Edinburgh. He wanted the trial arranged so that 
it should run aground by being transferred to Aberdeen. Then he took the whole 
affair into his own hands, and resolved to settle it by a royal decreet arbitral which 
the parties should be invited to accept." So on August 20 the Privy Council sent 
letters to Lord Huntly and Lord Erroll summoning them to Edinburgh on Sept. 8 
in "peciable maner, accompanyed onlie with thair houshalde servandis, and to 
keepe thair ludgeings quhen thay come heir". Huntly was ordered to bring Gight 
and his brother, John Gordon of Ardlogie. Erroll was to bring the three brothers 
Hay of Brunthill. On Sept. 10, 1617, there appeared before the Privy Council the 
Marquis of Huntly, George, Lord Gordon, the laird of Gight, and his son-in-law, 
Hay, Sir Alexander Gordon of Cluny, Gordon of Abergeldie, and John Gordon of 
Buckie, on the one part ; and the Earl of Erroll, his son, Lord Hay, his brother, 
- Hay, Nathaniel Keith, and the brothers Hay of Brunthill, on the other. It 
was "signifiet" to the two parties that the king had pronounced his sentence 
arbitral in the dispute, and that it " wes his Majesteis will and pleasour that afoir his 
decreit wer showne unto thame that thay sould be reconsiliat and aggreit, and 
promeis to stand to his Majesteis decreit and sentence foirsaid. And thay being 
demandit yf thay wer content to conforme thameselffis to his Majesteis will and 
plesour on this point, thay declairit that in all reverence and humilitie thay wold 
acquiesce to his Majesteis will and plesour. Therefore in testificatioun of thair 
willing obedience to his Majestic, thay choppit handis, one with another, and 
promeist to burie all formair greiffis, displeasouris, and unkyndnes standing amangis 
thame. and to stand and underly and fulfil the decreit and sentence gevin and pro- 
nunceit be his Majestic betuix thame." 

A recrudescence of the feud, 1617. Even then, however, the dispute was not 
settled, for on January 31, 1618, the King's Advocate and William Hay, Gight's son- 
in-law, petitioned the Council as follows : Despite the publication of the decreet in 
the matter of the feud between them and the " brether of Brunthill," and the 
"chopping" of hands in presence of the Council, the said Williame Hay, when 
walking on the links, less than a mile from his house, on - , was attacked by 
William Hay, younger of Brunthill, and Mr. Patrik Hay, on horseback, and armed 
with hagbuts and pistollets. Petitioner having his "led horse " with him made his 

(250) 



GIGHT. 87 

escape. The brothers thereupon retired to an "oistlar" house at the Kirk of , 

on the highway home, and there hid themselves. They assembled together twelve 
horsemen and twenty footmen all armed, but petitioner, suspecting the ambush, rode 

home another way. On November last "the said Johnne Hay" assaulted 

David Nicolsoun, petitioner's servant, in Patrik Blak's booth in Abirdeene. All 
these persons are guilty of carrying forbidden weapons, and should be ordered to 
appear before the Council. The petition is signed " Sir W. Oliphant " ; on the back, 
"Fiat ut petitur, P. Pollok". 

The final settlement. On June 29, 1623, Mr. Robert Learmonth, advocate, as 
procurator for the dischargers, registers a discharge by Francis, Earl of Erroll, and 
William Hay, fiar of Brunthill, and George and Mr. Patrik Hay, his brothers, to 
James Prymrois, clerk of the Privy Council, for 2,000 consigned in his hands by 
George Gordon of Gight, for obedience of part of a decree arbitral pronounced by 
the king as judge and arbiter chosen by George, Marquis of Huntly, and the said 
Earl of Erroll, dated at Carlisle, August 6, 1617, and registered in the books of 
Council and Session on September 10 thereafter. The discharge is dated at Slains, 
May 26, 1623. Witnesses : John Hay, burgess of Aberdeen, Alexander Davidson, 
John Hay and David Syme, servitors to the Earl of Erroll, and Walter Hay, inserter 
of the date and names of witnesses. On the same date there is an acquittance by 
Erroll and the Hays. The discharge is signed " Errol " ; " Wm. Hay, w* my hand " ; 
"George Hay, w 4 my hand"; " M. P. Hay, with my hand"; "Alex r Davidsone, 
witness"; "W. Hay, witnes " ; "J. Hay, witnes"; "apud Edinburgh, nono Junij, 
1623 ". Mr. Robert Learmont, advocate, as procurator for Erroll and William, 
George and Patrik Hay, " consentis to the registratione of this above writtin 
discharge in the buikis of Secreit Counsall " (Privy Council Register}. 

1618. April 10. This day Mr. James Lawtie, advocate, as procurator for 
William, Lord Blantyre, and George Gordon of , gave in a document for regis- 
tration bearing that they had become cautioners for George Gordon of Gight, that 

he shall not molest James Cuming in , Johnne Andersone, George Grede (?) 

, Williame of Methlick, James Hay in Methlick, George his brother, 

John Raith there, and their families and tenants. The act of caution, which 

was written by Thomas Crombie, writer, was signed at Leyth on April 10, 1618, by 
the said parties before Mr. Andro Skene of Chapeltoun, Mr. James Buchane, son of 
the laird of , William Hammyltoun, " my servitor," and Alexander Blair (Ibid.}. 

GIGHT'S ATTEMPT TO BLACKMAIL HIS DYING MOTHER-IN-LAW, THE DOWAGER 
LADY SALTOUN, 1618. Gight's next venture was an attempt to blackmail his mother- 
in-law, Lady Saltoun. In 1617 he married at Rothiemay, as his second wife, Lady 
Jean Lindsay (who had married, in 1607, Sir John Lindsay of Kinfauns and Carrald- 
Btone, son of the twelfth Earl of Crawford). She was the daughter of George 
Abernethy, seventh Baron Saltoun (died i6V ,), by his wife (married 1588), Lady 
Margaret Stewart, daughter of the fourth * irl of Atholl, Chancellor of Scotland, 
who had married Lady Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of the fourth Earl of Huntly. 
The parson of Rothiemay was suspended for celebrating the marriage, Gight 
being a Roman Catholic (Erasers of Philortlt, ii., 63). Gight got two step-daughters. 



88 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

His wife's sister, Lady Margaret Abernethy, married Sir Alexander Fraser of 
Philorth, and became the mother of the tenth Baron Saltoun, the first Fraser 
to bear that title. It may be remembered that Gight's father, William, killed 
Thomas Fraser of Strichen in 1576. He had been married less than a year when 
he tried to blackmail his mother-in-law, old Lady Saltoun, who was lying at the 
point of death at Corncairn (which was afterwards bought for Gight's brother- 
in-law, and called Park), to make a will in his favour. The whole case was 
recited before the Privy Council on July 2, 1618, when Patrick Livingstone of 
Inchorsie, his brother, Mr. William, and the King's Advocate made this com- 
plaint. 

Gight intimidates the dowager's adviser, Patrick Livingstone. On April 20, 1618, 
Gight, accompanied by George, his eldest son, James Baird, and John Alschinner, 
his servants, and others, all armed with pistollets and other weapons, went to Corn- 
cairn, "quhair umquhill Dame Margaret Stewart, Lady Saltoun, lay seik for the tyme, 
and quhair he looked to have found the said Patrik. And missing him thair, being 
informed that he wes riddin to the place of Tullidone, to the baptisme of his susteris 
bairne, he addrest him selff with als speid and come to the said place. Quhairof notice 
being gevin to .the said Patrik, he and all these that wer with him come furth and mett 
the said George, ressavid him with all schawis of hairtie love and kyndnes, and he 
acquat thame with suche outward formes of goodwill and hairtynes asthay could haif 
wished, and past with thame to denner, intertennying pleasant and familiar discourseis 
at the denner, with mony promisis and attestationis of his best affectionis to the said 
Patrik and his wyff. And efter denner thay accumpaneid him to his horsse, looke- 
ing for nothing les then that he had ony bad or sinister purpois in his hairt aganis 
the said Patrik. Bot afore he took horsse he called the said Patrik asyde unto him, 
and, in presence of the minister of Rothemay, he begun to questioun him anent the 
testament and latter will maid be the said laite lady, and quarellit the said Patrik 
for suffering hir to mak ony testament, as gif it had layne in his pouer to have 
stayed hir, alledgeing that all that scho had wes his birth right, and that no utheris 
had interesse thairto. And the said Patrik . . . verie mbdestlie and soberlie 
ansuerit him that it wes the laydis will to mak a testament for the weele of hir oyis, 
and that he had no reasoun, nather lay it in his pouer, to stay and hinder hir, and 
that he wald quite his pairt of the said testament for ane plak, so as he micht have 
his releif of twa thousand merkis quhairin he stood ingadgeit as cautionair to him self 
for the said lady." Gight, "not being content with this the said Patrikis ansuer, burst 
furth in moist bitter and passionat speetcheis aganis him, protesting and avowing 
with mony horrible aithes that he sould stryk ane daigger to the said Patrikis hairt, 
and that he sould cleive him to the harne pane unles he causit the said testament 
ather to be nullit or reformit to his contentment. And the said George, his sone, 
presentit ane bend pistollet to the said Patrik, of purpois and intentioun to have 
schote and slane him thairwith. And he and his said sone and thair complices had 
not faillit at that tyme to have tane some unhonnest advantage of him, wer not 
thay stayit be the gentilmen present and in company with the said Patrik for the 
tyme. And so, finding him selff disapoint of his blodie and wicked purpois at that 

(252) 



GIGHT. 89 

tyme, he past away with mony threatningis to have the said Patrikis lyff gif the 
testament wer not reformit agane the nixt meeting." 

A second attempt to threaten Patrick Livingstone. "And schoirtlie thairefter the 
said lady haveing send for the said Mr. Williame to confer with him upoun some 
particulairis concerning hir estaite, and he accordinglie haveing addrest him selff 
unto hir, the said George, being informed thairof, and that the said Mr. Williame wes 
riddin to Rothemay to his said bruther, quhair he hes dwelt thir sax yeiris bigane," 
resolved to " tak some advantage of thame at that tyme, [and] accumpaneid with 
George Craufurd, William Pratt in Monkishill, Johnne Abirnethie, his servitor, and 
Williame Essillis in Fettircarne, with utheris his compliceis, bodin in feir of weir, 
with pistolletis prohibite to be worne, as said is, came upoun the sext day of Maij 
last to the said place of Rothemay. And the said Mr. Williame, persaveing him 
comeing, he addrest himself to meete him, expecting all freindlie and kynd useing of 
him, in respect of the mony good officeis done be the said Mr. Williame to him and 
the mony promeisis of freindship maid be him to the said Mr. Williame. And at the 
said Mr. Williame's first meeting with him, he, persaveing the said Patrik walking 
some space asyde with the minister of Rothemay, he brak at him in a grite raige and 
furie, and with verie grite difficultie wes he stayed be some personis present for the 
tyme. And the said Mr. Williame, being informed that Sir James Skene of Currie- 
hill, ane of the nomber of the Lordis of Prevey Counsaill, wes than newlie lichtit at 
the Kirk of Rothemay, he past unto him, acquentit the said Sir James with the 
lawles and insolent cariage of the said Laird of Geicht, and humelie desyrit him, as 
ane of his Majesteis Prevey Counsaill, to bind the said Laird to the peace. Quhilk 
the said Sir James did." 

Gight tries to confront old Lady Saltoun herself. When Skene returned south " the 
said Laird of Geycht, being forgetfull of the promeis maid for keiping of the peace, 
he upoun the thretene day of Maij last directit and send his awne wyff, his eldest 
sone, Johnne Abirnethie, and Andro Wood to the place of Corncarne in commissioun 
to the saidis Patrik and Mr. Williame, that thay sould caus the said testament be 
reformed to his contentment, or ellis it sould be the darrest testament that evir wes 
maid in the North. And the said Lady Saltoun being delt with to reforme the said 
testament, scho planelie declairit that scho wold not alter ane word thairof. Quhilk 
answer being returnit to the said George, he wes so incensit and eommovit thair- 
with that upoun the morne thaireftir, being the fourtene day of Maij, he, accum- 
paneid with George Gordoun, his eldest sone, James Baird in the Mayne of Geicht, 
William Prat in Munskishill, William Stewart in McTarie, George Gordoun in 
Lethentie, Walter Ogilvy in Dudweik, Patrik Sinclair of Achannachie, Johnne 
Abirnethie, Johnne Alexander, and Alexander P oun, servitoris to the said Laird of 
Geicht, and with convocatioun of his Majesteip eigeis to the noumer of ten personis, 
all bodin in feir of weir, with jackis, secritep ,teil-bonnetis, tua-handit swerdis, and 
utheris wapponis invasive, and with pistolletis, prohibite to be worne as said is, 
come to the place of Cornecarne, quhair he thocht to have surprysit the saidis 
Patrik and Mr. Williame at denner tyme ar evir thay had bene war of him. And 
quhen he come to the place, finding the yettis oppin, he appointit tuaof his servandis 

(253) KK 



90 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

to guard the yet, and he send ane uther up to the hall to try and persave quhair thay 
wer sitting, resolveing gif thay had bene togidder to have slane thame at that same 
instant. Bot, seeing be the providence of God the said Patrik wes a little before 
riddin to Rothemay, he directit his servand, James Baird, to the said Mr. Williame, 
desyreing him to come and speik with him." 

Gight makes William Livingstone his prisoner. Mr. William, " being sitting at 

his denner, he rais presentlie frome the table and went unto him single and allane, 

without company or wapponis, dreiding no harme of him, seeing as the said Mr. 

Williame apprehendit all his miscontentment wes aganis his said bruther. And quhen 

the said Mr. Williame come unto him, his servandis past betuix the said Mr. 

Williame and the yet, and thairby cutt him schorte of all meanis of retreate to the 

house. And he himselfe enterit in most dispytfull and railling speetcheis aganis 

him, commanding the said Mr. Williame presentlie to gif him satisfactioun in that 

mater of the testament, or ellis he sould have the said Mr. Williame's hairt bloode, 

and that he sould wasche his handis in his blood. And the said Mr. William, 

haveing oppossit aganis his furie his awne innocence and impossibilitie to gif him 

contentment in that mater quhairwith he burdynit him, and then the respect quhilk 

he aucht to carey to his Majestic and his lawis, and the havie wraith and judgement 

of God that wold still persew him gif he medlit with the said Mr. Williame his 

innocent blood, yit nothing could content him, bot with horrible aithes he avowed 

that nane sould releve him out of his handis, and that he sould ding a sword throughe 

thame that durst presome to releve him, uttering in this meanetyme mony disdane- 

full speetcheis aganis his Majestic and his lawis, saying that he knew the Wynd of 

the Tolbuith and how to gyde his turne, and that he hes had to do with the gritest 

of Scotland, and had outit his turnis aganis thame, and in this forme he detenit and 

held the said Mr. Williame the space of tua houres as a prisonner under his power, 

dureing the quhilk haill space the said Mr. William evir expectit that he sould have 

put violent handis on his persone, and that he sould have tane his lyff. And at last 

he propossit this overture unto the said Maister Williame that he wold spare his 

lyff gif he wold bring his bruther out of Rothemay unto him. Quhilk propositioun 

being with reasoun rejectit be the said Mr. Williame, as a mater unworthie to be hard 

of, and most unnaturall to have bene performit on his pairt, he than urgeid the said 

Mr. Williame to go with him to Rothemay, and that he sould tak on with him, and 

that he sould decyde his querrell with the said Mr. Williame and his bruther. Quhilk 

being of the nature of ane challange, he wes forcet to undirtak the same, purpoislie 

to be red and quite of the said George truble. And so, thay being sinderit, he past 

in to the place, and with grite intreaty wes moved to tak some refreschement, and 

then to ly doun and tak rest ; bot he wes so far distemparit and careyed with a 

cruell purpois of revenge as he could tak no rest, bot rease immediatlie, saying to his 

wyff, ' Jeane, I can tak no rest. I knaw I will die upoun a scaffold. Thair is ane will 

turne in my hand, quhilk I avow to God presentlie to performe.' And with that he 

maid searche for the said Mr. Williame, sua that he wes constrayned to reteir him- 

selff to ane quiet chalmer and to hyde him selff." The next move in the game 

shows the vengeful pertinacity of Gight. 

(254) 



GIGHT. QI 



A raid on Rothiemay in search of Patrick Livingstone. " Persaveing that he could 
not get the said Mr. Williame, he with all haist, accumpaneid with George Gordoun, 
raid to Rothemay thinking to have surprysit the said Patrik unawaris. Lyke as he 
being walking in quiet maner afoir the yet, he wes almoist surprysit of him, and with 
grite difficultie relevit himself within the house. The yettis quhairof being closed 
and locked, he chapped verie rudlie at the yet, crying and schouting unto the said 
Patrik to come furth that he micht have his hairt blood ; bot finding him self 
frustrat of his wicked purpois, he come back immediatlie to the place of Cornecarne, 
resolved to have had the said Mr. Williame's lyff, avowing with mony horrible aithes 
that he sould nevir see Geycht till he had the said Mr. Williame and his brotheris 
lyff, and that it sould coast him his lairdschip of Geycht or he sould have thair lyveis, 
saying thay had bound him to the peace, and that he caired not for the peace ; he 
had doubled out his turne aganis the best in Scotland ; and that he sould go mad, 
lyke Richie, the foole, gif he wer not revengeit upoun thame. And he remanit in 
the place all that day and tua dayis thaireftir threatning the deeing lady to reforme 
hir testament. And finding hir constant in hir resolutioun to stand be that quhilk 
scho had done, he send commissionaris to the saidis Patrik and Mr. Williame to 
Rothemay, quhairunto the said Mr. Williame had reteirit him selff in the nicht for 
eschewing of his raige and furie, commanding thame outher to caus him ressave 
satisfactioun in that mater of the testament, or than assuire thame that no house in 
the North sould keepe thame, and behavit him selff so ruidlie and insolentlie within 
the place of Cornecarne in the sicht and presence of the diseasit aiget lady that 
without all doubt he haistned hir death, quhilk fell out that tyme." 

The decision of the Privy Council in the case. Gordoun appeared for himself, 
his son, James Baird, Williame Pratt, Williame Stewart, George Gordoun, Johne 
Alexander, Alexander Broun, and Williame Eshillis ; George Crawfurde and Walter 
Ogilvy did not appear. The Lords find that the laird "hes verie injuriouslie boistit, 
minassit and threatnit " defenders, and that his son, " who is bot ane young boy 
under his pouer and commandement," has been suffered to carry pistollets in his 
company, and therefore order him to be committed to the Castle of Edinburgh, 
therein to remain at his own expense till he present his said son before the Lords, 
and till he be liberated by them. He is also to pay a fine of 500 merks to the 
treasurer, and not to depart till he have paid the same. " And whereas thair hes 
bene divers complaintis formarlie maid to the saidis Lordis aganis him, sua that it 
is verie evident and liklie that he will not be reclamed frome his oppressioun nor 
halden under obedience of the law, unles some strait course and ordour (be) tane 
with him and his said sone," order is therefore given that the said laird and his said 
son find caution in 10,000 merks each to keep the peace, and to appear before the 
Lords when called upon to do so, in 500 each not to wear hagbuts and pistollets, 
and shall also find lawburrows in 5,000 merks each. The Lords order George Crau- 
furde and Walter Ogilvy to be denounced' rebels. On July 9 Gight "exhibited " his 
son George to the Council, who committed him to the Castle of Edinburgh, where he 
was to remain at his own expense during their pleasure. On July 16 Gight and his 
son were fined 500 merks for wearing pistolets. They had to find caution in 10,000 

(255) 



Q2 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

merks to appear before the Council when called ; lawborrowis to the two Living- 
stones in 5,000 merks, and 500 caution not to wear hagbuts. Adam Gordon of 
Park, Gight's brother-in-law, and George Chalmer of Cowburtie, became caution for 
old Gight, who in turn was caution for his son until the time of the latter's marriage, 
when he was to be presented to the Lords by his father to find new caution for him- 
self. On Feb. 14, 1622, Gight informed the Council that he was finally reconciled 
to the Livingstones, and that "all quarrellis, contraverseis, eilistis and dabaittis 
standing betuix thame are removed and tane away, and thay stand under most 
hairty termeis of frendschip," so that now Patrick and William desire no such 
caution. " Lykeas thay ar attending at the doore, and being callit will compeir," 
and will renounce and pass from the caution so far as they are concerned. 

Gight's protest against the Council' s finding. As touching the remaining points of 
keeping the peace, Gight and his son declare that they are hardly used, being law- 
abiding subjects, and ever ready to appear for trial on all complaints that can be made 
against them. "Thair is no uther baronis nor gentlemen in the country putt under 
this forme of cautioun, and to injoyne conditionis to thame, and to hold bondis over 
thair headis with the lyke quhairof no uther guid subjectis ar burdeyneit within this 
kingdome, it caryes a foull and havie imputatioun aganis thame, as gif thay wer brokin 
men, aganis whome the course of law could have no executioun, and in this caise 
thay ar in a maner seperat frome the whole rest of the subjectis of the kingdome, 
and sett by be thameselffis with a mark of reprotche over thair headis, whilk is a verie 
grite greif unto thame ; and thay ar expoisit to the malice of all the malitious 
toungis in the countrey, who takis hold of this cautionarie that thay underly to 
misprese thame at thair pleasour." As for George Gordoun, younger, "he wes 
bot a young boy the tyme of that complaynt, and wes onlie in company with 
his father at that tyme, and rakleslie laid a pistolett upoun him, being ignorant 
of the law, and nevir afoir nor sinsyne wes thair any complaynt maid upoun 
him. And sieing the saidis George Gordoun, elder, and George Gordoun, younger, 
ar ansuerabill and lawbyding subjectis, and as the saidis Lordis knawis ar bleist 
with good estaittis and fortnis quhilkis thay will be loathe foolishelie to haisard 
or perrell to thair awne wrak, besydeis the haisard of the law, humblie thairfoir 
beseikand the saidis Lordis to exoner thame of this cautionarie and of all thay (that) 
may follow thairupoun, sua that thay leive in the rank and conditioun of the re- 
manent baronis and gentilmen of the countrey, and that the saidis Lordis wold this 
day accept of the compeirance of the said George Gordoun, younger, and declair the 
said George Gordoun, elder, his act satisfeit in that poynt and he simpliciter fred 
thairof." Mr. William Livingstoun being called in, appears for himself and his 
brother, and the petitioners being also present, declares that he and his brother 
are reconciled with them, and do renounce the caution for indemnity. The Lords 
therefore exonerate the petitioners and their cautioners from the burden of the in- 
demnity ; they also relieve the elder Gordoun from his cautioning of his son, and 
ordain the son to find caution for himself in 500 that he shall not wear hagbuts. 
They find, however, that it is not expedient that the elder Gordon should be alto- 
gether freed from caution for keeping the peace and appearing before them ; but 

(256) 



GIGHT. 93 

they modify the amount from 10,000 merks to 2,000 merks, and order him to find new 
caution in that sum, and also in 500 not to wear hagbuts. Adam Gordon of Park 
and George Chalmer are freed from their responsibility (Privy Council Register). 

1618. July 30. The king granted to the laird and his second wife (Jean 
Abernethie), and erected into a free barony, the lands of Many (consisting of Lyn- 
toun, Cothill, Cowhill, and Altersait) in Belhelvie, which William Forbes of Craigievar 
and Patrick Forbes of Corse, his brother, resigned (Great Seal). 

1619. June 10. The king confirmed the charter by James, Earl of Buchan, 
by which they sold to Gight the lands (" irredimabiliter ") of Fetterletter and Lethentie. 
This Earl of Buchan was the first of the Erskines who held the title. He was the 
son of Lord Mar, and married Mary Douglas, de jure Countess of Buchan. On 
March 22, 1617, they held a charter of the Earl James to themselves and the longest 
liver, with remainder to male issue (ibid.). 

1619. Jan. 14. The king ratified the charter by George Gordon, the next 
laird, of these lands, granted to Andrew Meldrum, second son of the late Andrew 
Meldrum of Fyvie. 

1619. June 10. Gight and the King's Advocate complained to the Council 
that Andrew Meldrum of Drumbek had worn hagbuts and pistollets since January, 
1618, and "gangis thairwith in all pairtis of the cuntrey quhair he hes occasioun to 
repair, and useisthe same for his particulair revenge upoun all suche personis aganis 
whome he beiris querrell ". Pursuers appearing personally, and defender appearing 
by Mr. Rodger Mowat, advocate, because of his "infirmitie and inhabilitie to compeir 
notoure and knawne," the Lords find the charge of having carried pistollets proven, 
and order defender to keep ward in Edinburgh during their pleasure, and to find 
caution in 200 merks to keep the peace (Privy Council Register). 

1621. Nov. In the Minute Book of Processes we find mention of "letteris 
against Gordon of Geight and utheris papists to appear" (ibid.). 

1623. Jan. 30. Gight sold to Patrick Gordon of Nethermuir and the 
latter's heir, George, the lands of Cuikburnes (in Logie-Buchan), Many, Leyton, 
Cothill, Cowhill, and Altersait (in Belhelvie) (Great Seal). According to the Collection 
for a History of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff (p. 285), Menie was bought in 1623 
from Gordon of Gight by William Seton of Udny, and after that mortgaged (1659) by 
Sir Robert Graham of Morphie to Robert Kerr, burgess in Aberdeen. 

GIGHT'S ATTACK ON HIS BROTHER-IN-LAW, SIR HARRY WOOD OF BONNYTON, 1623. 
Gight became hard up a condition demonstrated by the sales of his lands. Hav- 
ing failed to squeeze his second wife's mother, old Lady Saltoun, he turned on his 
first wife's brother, Sir Harry Wood of Bonnyton. According to Wood's complaint to 
the Privy Council (April 28, 1624), Gight suddenly appeared on Sunday, July 20, 1623, 
in the parish kirk of St. Vigeans, where Wood was sitting " in his awne dask, in a 
verie modest and quyet maner ". He was accompanied by William Gordon of Chapel- 
toun, John Abernethy and George Ireland (alias Abercrombie), his servitors, John 
Gordon of Ardlogie, Adam Gordon his son, John Gordon, son to the goodman of 
Knockespock, Andrew Cook in Meny, Andrew Udny, servitor to the laird of Foveran, 
Thomas Shewan, messenger in Brechin, and others, " all bodin in fear of wear, with 

(257) 



94 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

swords, long dagours, buffell coites, secreitts, plait sleives, steil hattis, with plait stringis, 
gantellitts," and other weapons. They rushed into the kirk with drawn swords, 
when the parson " after the ending of the sermone wes at his prayer, and rusheing 
throw the kirk, and overtradeing weomen and bairnis who wer sitting upoun thair 
kneyis at the prayer, they come directlie to the complenaris dask, quhair he wes 
lykewyse upoun his kneyis at his prayer, and shamefullie and unhonnestlie invadite 
and perseuit him as he supposeit of his lyff, shouting and cryeing 'Traitour be tane,' 
holding thair drawne swordis and dagouris in thair handis in threatning maner gif 
he maid ony resistance, sua that he wes constrained to yeild to the necessitie and to 
rander himself in thair will ". 

Sir Harry taken prisoner. Then, " he haveing in modest and sober maner de- 
mandit of thame the cause and reasoun of thair so lawles and insolent proceidour 
aganis him, the said Laird of Geyght, out of the pryde and malice of his hairt, replyit 
and ansueirit that he wald knaw no law, and that the complener sould goe with 
thame nil he wald be quhair they pleasit. And sua they caried him as prisonnar 
with thame to his awne house of Lethem, quhilk they supprysed and tooke, locked 
the yetts thairof, held his wyff and children out of the same, and with drawne durkis 
and daigers thrattenit his servandis within his house, and keipit him captive and 
prisonner within the said hous, suffering non to come neir him, or acces unto 
him, and in end presentit unto him ane bond conteining diverse gritt soumes of 
money and uther'hard conditionis, quhilkis thay wald nowise reveill unto him, and 
propoussed unto him thane to subscrye the bond. And he, preferring the saiftie of 
his credite to onything that might follow and happin upon that bond, he subscryvit 
the same, not knowing the tennour nor contents thairof. And dureing the time that 
thay remained within his house thay sett thair haill horse upon a shote of his best 
infeild aittis, and held thame thairon till they eate, trade, and distroyit the same ; 
and suche of his servandis as preast to turne the horse thay minassit of thair lyffis." 

The punishment of Gight. Parties havdng been called, the pursuer was per- 
sonally present, as also the laird of Gight for himself and in the name of John 
Gordon of Ardlogie, Adam Gordon, his son, John Gordon, son to the guidman 
of Knockespock, Andrew Cook, and Andrew Udny, for whom he declared he would 
answer in this case, but the said John Abernethie, George Ireland, and Thomas 
Shewan did not compear. The laird of Gight, having referred the proof of the 
matter simply to the pursuer's oath, and pursuer having deponed to the above effect, 
adding that had the laird of Gight " presentit unto him a wreit concerning the 
liveing of Bonnytoun he would have subscryveit it at that tyme," the Lords " finds and 
declairs that the said John Gordoun of Ardlogie, Adame Gordoun, his sone, and John 
Gordoun, sone to the guidman of Knokespak, come with the said laird of Geight to 
the kirk at the time foirsaid, and in a verie tumultuous and unseemlie maner, haveing 
tua drawne swordis in thair handis, patt violent handeis in the said Laird of Bonny- 
toun without chargeing and arreisting of him be ane officiar, and quhen the said Laird 
of Bonnytoun asked of Geyght quhair his officiar wes and bequhat warrand he tooke 
him, the Laird of Geight answeirit that ' I will tak yow and be answeirable to the 
Counsall,' and finds and declairs that the said Laird of Bonnytoun subscryveit the 

(258) 



GIGHT. 95 

bond foirsaid, he being Geight's prisonnar for the tyme"; which being "ane verie 
gritt insolence against the said Laird of Bonnytoun, of a wicked and pernicious praepar- 
ative and example, and to the braik of his Majesteis peace," the Lords ordain the laird 
of Gight to be committed to ward in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, and to remain there 
upon his own charges till released, also to pay to the treasurer a fine of 500 merks, 
to the poor of St. Vigeans parish 200 merks, " for the offence committed be him 
within the kirk foirsaid," and to the witnesses for their expenses 5 for every horse- 
man and forty shillings for every footman. They also ordain him to present before 
them the said John Gordon of Ardlogie, Adam Gordon his son, and John Gordon, 
son to Knockespock, that they may be committed to ward and otherwise punished. 
Finally, they ordain the lairds of Gight and Bonnyton to find caution acted in the 
books of Council in 5,000 merks each to keep the peace towards each other. On April 
29, 1624, John Leith, fiar of Harthill, Harry Ramsay of Ardownie, and Patrick Gordon, 
indweller in Edinburgh, were cast in 5,000 merks for Gight not to molest Wood 
or his family ; also in 5,000 that on his being released from the Tolbooth he will 
keep ward in Edinburgh till he pay the fines for his insolence to the laird of Bonny- 
ton, and until released by the Council; with clause of relief, signed "Jon. Leythe, 
Henri Ramsay, Patrik Gordoun, George Gordoun of Gichtt ". On the same date 
Alexander Ramsay, fiar of Arbikie, gave caution in 5,000 merks for Wood not to 
harm Gight. On May 3, 1624, Henry Ramsay of Ardownie was caution in 2,000 
merks that Gight would present his nephew, Adam Gordon, younger of Ardlogie, 
and also young Knockespock to the Council on June i. On the same date there is 
caution by Gight in 1,000 for Henry Ramsay, elder of Adney, and in 1,000 merks 
for Henry Ramsay, fiar thereof, his son, not to molest Mr. Williame Durehame, 
apparent of Lumquhy, nor his family. On the same day Mr. John Paip, younger, 
advocate and procurator for the dischargers, registers an acquittance by Sir Henry 
Wardlaw of Pittreive, knight, to John Aitkyne, in name of George Gordon of 
Gight, for 500 merks, being the fine imposed upon Gordon for his assault upon 
Wood of Bonnyton. Dated at Edinburgh, May 3, 1624 (Privy Council Register). 

GIGHT AND HIS FRENCH GOVERNESS. The poverty of Gight, which was only 
increased by these expensive attacks on his relatives, is strikingly illustrated by the 
remarkable letter about his daughter's French governess which the Privy Council 
wrote to Lord Huntly, his chief, as follows, under date September, 1623 : " After 
oure verie hairtlie commendationis to your goode lordship, it has bene complenit 
unto us be Mr. Johne Paip, writter, that he haveing causit denunce the Laird of 
Geyght, eldair, and putt him to the home for non payment to him of the soume of 
iij m iij c merkis money as principall and iij c merkis of expenssis, that the said Laird 
notwithstanding, in contempt of the law and justice, lyis still at the home without 
ony purpois or intentioun to mak payment of the said soume. We understand, 
althoght Mr. Johnne his name be used in this mater, that the soume nevirtheles is 
the proper debt of a strangeair, a Franshewoman, who thir divers yeiris bigane hes 
had and still hes the charge of educatioun of one of the said Laird his doghtoris, and 
intertenyis and furnissis hir verie honnestlie in hir apparell and dyet, and bringis hir 
up in all verteous exerciseis beseameing a young gentlewoman of hir birthe, and this 

(259) 



96 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

soume is a grite pairt of the chargeis deu to the poore strangear for that caus ; quhairin 
the said Laird oversees himselff verie far in neglecting suche a point of dewtie to a 
strangear who hes had and still hes such a care of his doghter, and he gevis hir 
mare nor just caus to blame the justice of this kingdome, whilk in a mater of this 
kynd hes provin and provis so frindles unto hir. The consideratioun whereof hes 
moved us to recommend the same to your Lordship requeisting and desiring your 
goode Lordship to deale with the said Laird to haif some regaird of his credite and 
dewtie in this point, and to mak tymous and thankfull payment to the said Mr. 
Johnne of this soume. Quhairin yf he shall mak ony refuise or delay, that then 
your Lordship, according to the dewtie of your office, apprehend him and committ 
him to warde till he purge this hoirning. We doubt not bot your lordship in your 
awne honourable regaird to justice and to the furtherance of a poore strangear to 
justice will so behave yourselff heirin as by your meanis the poore strangear may 
haif ressoun. Wherein as yow sail do that whiche to your honnour and dewtie in 
this caise apperteynis, so yow will do us a singulair pleasour. And so committing 
yow to Godis protectioun, we rest your Lordships verie loving freindis, Mar, Rox- 
burgh, Melros, Lauderdaill, Arskine, Ar. Naper, S. W. Oliphant, Kilsaithe." 

1623. Nov. The Minute Book of Processes notifies " Alexander Annand a 
cautioner for the appearance of Gordon of Geight " (Privy Council Register). 

1623. Dec. 24. The king granted to Gight the lands of Ardestie, Murdrum, 
and part of Downykeane in Forfar, which Robert Erskine of Ardestie (son of the late 
Robert) resigned, and the lands of Carlonge and Newbigging in Forfar, which (the 
i4th ?) Lord Crawford resigned. It will be remembered that the third laird of Gight's 
sister-in-law (Margaret Beaton) married the tenth Earl of Crawford (Great Seal). 

1628. April 18. Sasine to George Gordon, younger of Gight, of the town and 
lands of Chapelton of Schivas (Aberdeen Burgh Sasines). 

1629. April i. Gight sold the lands of Many to William Seton of Udny and 
Marjory Innes, his wife, for 40,000 merks (Great Seat). 

1631. June 19. Gight was ordered (on July 5) by the Privy Council in his 
absence to enter into ward at the Edinburgh Tolbooth for attacking " Mr." William 
Murray in Ardownie after the sermon in the parish kirk of Monfuthe. Murray was 
dining with Jerome Lindsey when Gight enticed him "farre out of the toune," and 
then " er ever he wes awar . . . strake out a nomber of straikes . . . and had not 
failed to have slaine him, wer not his [Murray's] awne better defence ". On July 5 
William Durham, fiar of Grange, Henry Ramsay of Ardownie and " Mr." William 
Murray in Ardownie complained that Gight whose "turbulent dispositioune is not 
unknowne . . . daylie troubles and molests us and others gentlemen dwelling about 
him, threatning us with all sort of violence, by hacquebuts, pistolets and uthers 
forbidden weapouns". Gight was ordered to find 1,000 caution to desist (Privy 
Council Register). 

1631. July 27. Gight and his brother John of Ardlogie with a gang of armed 
men were charged before the Privy Council with having on this date gone to the 
Kirkton of Rayne to kill John Leith of Harthill, which they would have clone "if 
some noble weomen and ladeis had not interceedit " (ibid.). 

(260) 



GIGHT. 97 

1633. George Gordon of Gight owed Patrick Wood in Little Ardo 4,000 merks 
on the lands of Chapelton of Schivas (Spalding Club Misc., Hi., 132). 

1634. Nov. 13. Gight was ordered by the Privy Council to arrest those who 
had attacked the laird of Frendraught (Spalding's Troubles, i., 421). 

I ^35- July 3. He was caution that his son-in-law, Coxton, John Innes of 
Leuchars and others should not harm Innes of Balvenie (Familie of Innes, p. 230). 

1639. Feb. 14. He took part in the first Raid of Turriff (Spalding, i., 137). 

1639. April 16. Gight, who throughout the Covenanting struggle " kythit " 
with the anti-Covenanters, was one of a deputation to Lord Aboyne, then at Percok, 
to request him not to go south, as the country was "heidles" (Ibid., i., 172). 

1639. May 8. Gight was one of another deputation who, supported by eighty 
horse and sixty foot, "cam to the kirkyeard of Ellon, and send to the laird [Kennedy] 
of Kermvk, being in his owne hous of Arduthie, desyring him to refuse the countrie 
covenant, and to subscrive the Kingis covenant." Kennedy refused (Ibid., i., 181). 

1639. May 10. Gight, the young laird of Cromartie, with some other lairds, 
intended to "cum to the place of Tolly Barclay, and thair to tak out sic armes, 
mvscatis, gvnis, and carrabinis as the lairdis of Delgatie and Tollie-Barclay had 
plunderit from the said young laird of Cromartie out of the place of Balquholly 
[which belonged to the Mowats, who were relatives of Gight] ; bot it hapnit the Lord 
Fraser and maister of Forbes to sie thair cuming. Thay manit the houss of Towy, 
cloissit the yettis, and schot diuerss schotis fra the houss heid, whair ane seruand of 
the laird off Geichtis wes schot, callit Dauid Prat. . . . Heir it is to be markit that 
this wes the first blood that wes drawin heir sen the begining of this covenant." 
Gight's party ultimately retreated, " thinking it no vassalage to stay whill thay war 
slayne : syne, but more ado, rode their way" (Ibid., i., 182). 

1639. May 13. Gight took part in the Trot of Turriff, when the Royalists 
surprised the Covenanting Committee (Ibid., i., 185). 

1639. June. Montrose and his artillery attacked the castle of Gight, which 
was well defended by the laird and Colonel Johnston. The siegers, however, with- 
drew to Aberdeen (on June 3) when they heard that a Royalist army was approaching. 
Spalding says the soldiers left the siege, " but more skaith " (Ibid., i., 201 ; Britane's 
Distemper, p. 23). 

1639. July 10. On this day it was reported to the Presbytery of Ellon that 
Gight had " come to ye Kirk of Ellon upon ye Saboth day, and having maid some 
ryding throuche ye toun of Ellon which wes scandelous ". Gight (at a subsequent 
meeting) declared that "he cam not to the Kirk of Ellon to mak ony convocatione, 
nor to offend or to irritat any gentleman there, but onlie to visit ye laird of Ochter- 
ellone and Mr. David Leache [the minister], to tak with him the young laird of 
Foveran [his grandson], wha was in Ochterellone [the lad's mother, Gight's daughter, 
having died in the early part of the year] ". He said he was sorry if he had offended 
any of the brethren (Mair's Records of the Presbytery of Ellon, p. 141). 

1640. April. Gight began to fortify his house with " men, mvskat, meit, and 
drink, and vther devysis of defenss," in view of Monro's advance (Spalding, i., 265). 

1640. June. Gight, described as a "seiklie, tender man, being by chance at 

(261) LL 



98 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

this samen tyme in Montross,'is takin by ane Capiten Betoun, and had to [the Tol- 
booth of] Edinbrugh with the rest ; his houss of Ardessie [in Forfarshire] pitifullie 
plunderit, becauss he wes ane papist and out stander aganes the good causs ' 
(Spalding, i., 285). Upon caution he had "libertie of frie waird within the toune". 

1640. Nov. 17. He "wes confynit in the toun, whair old Geicht departit 
this lyf" in November (Ibid., i., 285), "either through age or greefe or bothe 
together. He was a Papist in his profession. That was eneuch indytment against 
him " (Gordon's Scots Affairs, iii., 200). 

1640. Dec. 30. "Collonell Maister of Forbes send out to the intaking of the 
place of Geicht ane capiten with 32 soldiouris. The hous is randerit be the lady, 
becaus none laird wes there. Aluaies scho cam in and delt so with the collonell 
that they were all removit and cam bak agane to Abirdene " (Spalding, i., 375). 

Gight was twice married : (i) before 1597 to Isobell, the daughter 
of Sir Patrick Wood of Bonnyton the name of his lands in Udny and in 
Forfarshire (see a deduction of the Woods in Scottish Notes and Queries, 
Nov., 1898) ; and (2), before May 18, 1617, to Jean, daughter of George 
Abernethy, seventh Baron Saltoun, and widow of Sir John Lindsay of 
Kinfauns. She was involved, it may be remembered, with her husband, 
Gordon, in his attack on her mother, in 1618. Dr. Temple (Thanage of 
Fermartyn, p. 264) says that James Gordon, son of James, IV. of Newton, 
married " the lady of Gight, but had no issue ". The dates suggest that 
the lady was probably the widow of the sixth laird of Gight, but I 
cannot verify Dr. Temple's assertion. The second laird of Newton 
(the brother of Sheelagreen) was hand-in-glove with the Gights in their 
war against the Covenant, and was executed for his share in the rising 
(1644). Mr. Mair, in his Presbytery Records of Ellon (p. 8), notes that 
Gight's first wife (Isobell Wood) bore him at least five children before 
1597. The Balbithan MS. says that the first wife bore Gight two sons 
and three daughters, and that his second wife bore him a son and a 
daughter. 

1. GEORGE, VII. of Gight. 

2. JOHN assisted his nephew, the eighth laird, to raid the town of Montrose. 

He was imprisoned in Edinburgh, 1644, with his brother, the seventh 
laird, who was granted, through his agent, Thomas Gordon, 300 merks 
to " menteyn " himself and his brother in prison (June 19, 1644, Acts of 
Parliament). 

3. ALEXANDER is referred to in a charter of 1642 as the son of Sir George 

Gordon and Lady Jean Abernethy. Like his father and his uncle 
Patrick, he married a Forfarshire woman, Lilias, second daughter of 
Sir William Menteith of Kers. In 1642 the king confirmed the charter 

(262) 



GIGHT. 99 

of 24th February, 1636, by the seventh laird, in implement of a marriage 
contract of the same date to Lilias, second daughter of Sir William 
Menteith of Kers, promised spouse of Alexander Gordon, in life-rent, 
to continue during her widowhood ; and in fee to Alexander and his 
heirs by Lilias, whom failing to said Sir George and his heirs by said 
Jean, whom failing to heirs and assignees whatsoever of said Sir George. 
In 1636 he got the estate of Ardestie, in Forfarshire, from Robert Erskine 
(Great Seal). His father was known as "Old Ardestie " (Gordon's Scots 
Affairs'), he having probably got that estate through his first wife, Isobell 
Wood, who was a Forfarshire woman. He, too, had dealings in 1630 
with Alexander Durhame of Downiemylne. In 1642 the king confirmed 
a charter (dated i8th February, 1631) by Alexander Lindsay of Potterlie 
to Alexander Gordon for a payment of 16,000 merks by his nephew (the 
seventh laird). 

BARBARA married Sir John Turing, both of them "recusants," 1623 (Mair's 
Presbytery of Ellon, p. 67). A royal charter of July 29, 1623 (the year 
when they were recusants), shows the marriage contract between Barbara 
Gordon and Sir John Turing of Foveran was dated at Gight, August 3, 
1620. On January 5, 1629, sne renounced her right in the Mains of Gight 
in favour of her father. Her husband was present at the battle of Wor- 
cester, 1651, and had been created a baronet, 1639. He lost his lands at 
Foveran, which his house had held for three centuries. He had by 
Barbara Gordon a son, George, who was alive in 1644 (Troubles, ii., 330), 
but predeceased him. By his second marriage (in 1652) he had a son, 
who died unmarried in 1682, when the representation of the family de- 
volved on the (first) baronet's nephew, the ancestor of the present baronet, 
who lives at Chichester. Barbara Gordon died early in the beginning of 
1639, and Lord Huntly, whose " ant " she was (according to Spalding's 
Troubles, i., 137), attended her funeral. The Turings are dealt with in the 
Thanage of Fermartyn (pp. 565-572). 

5. MARY married Alexander Innes of Coxton, who was concerned in the anti- 

Covenanting struggle, but was pardoned, 1647 (Acts of Parliament). On 
January 5, 1629, sne renounced Little Gight and Faldonhill. She died 
August 20, 1647 (Familie of Innes). She is buried at Lhanbryde (Jervise's 
Epitaphs). 

6. LILIAN married the Hon. William Hay of Fetterletter, son of the eighth 

Earl of Erroll, by Lady Agnes Sinclair, daughter of Lord Caithness 
(Privy Council Register). He quarrelled with his mother in 1616 (Ibid.), 
and helped his father-in-law to attack the Hays of Burnthill (1616), to 
which I have already referred. On January 5, 1629, Lilian renounced 
her rights in Meikle Ardo and Carnerie, with the consent of her husband, 
in favour of her father. 

7. GORDON. The Balbithan MS. says Gight had a daughter by his second 

wife. . I cannot verify this. 

(263) 



100 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

GEORGE GORDON, VII. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of VI.) 

I do not know when the seventh laird was born, but he was de- 
scribed by the Privy Council in 1618 as " ane young boy ". His career 
was almost as stormy as his father's. Its leading events are as 
follows : 

1618. Gight, though "a young boy," helped his father, in April and May of 
this year, as I have shown, to worry old Lady Saltoun, his step-grandmother, into 
altering her will. On July 2 the Privy Council ordered the lad to be imprisoned in 
Edinburgh. On July 9 his father " exhibited " him, and committed him to the castle, 
"therein to remain at his own expenses during their Lordships' pleasure". 

1623. Aug. 20. Complaint by the King's Advocate against John Forbes of 
Pitsligo, George Gordoun, fiar of Geicht, Robert Innes of Balvennie, Alexander 
Bannerman of Elsick, Alexander Annand of Auchterellon, George Gordoun of New- 
toun, Johne Leith, apparent of Harthill, and Johne Burnet of Campbell, who since 
1617 had worn hagbuts and pistolets and shot at wild fowl and deer in contravention 
of the laws. The pursuer appeared personally, with all the defenders (except 
George Gordoun, fiar of Gight, who is therefore ordained to be denounced rebel) 
(Privy Council Register}. 

1623. Nov. 21. Alexander Annand of Arduthie was caution in 1,000 merks 
for George Gordon, fiar of Gight, to appear before the Council on Sept. 10 and answer 
a charge of wearing hagbuts and pistolets (Ibid.). 

1624. July. He took part with his father in the raid on Sir Harry Wood of 
Bonnyton, his uncle, in the Kirk of St. Vigeans. 

1633. George Gordon, younger of Gight, owed 100 merks to the miller of 
Towie (Spalding Club Misc., iii., 132). 

1636. Dec. 20. The Privy Council granted him letters of protection against his 
creditors for a year, repeating the favour in 1638. 

1640. June ii. "The young laird of Geicht is forsit be Marschall and Monro 
to cum in; and vpone Frydday the nth of Junij he cam to Aberdein befoir the 
counsall of warr. He getis 48 houris protectioun. Ane challenge of combat past 
betuixt him and [Alexander Fraser] the laird of Phillorth. Marschall getis word, 
sendis ane pairty of soldouris for him (to eschew this fight), and took him out of his 
naikit bed, lying in Mr. Thomas Lilleis house in Old Abirdein. Geicht (wnder pro- 
tectioun) mervallis at this bussines, not knowing Marischallis purpoiss. Aluaies he 
gettis libertie from the capiten that took him to ryde beside him (who wes also horst) 
over to the toun, and speik with Marschall. The capiten, seing his horss bot ane 
litle naig, wes content : and so thay ryde on with his soldiouris whill thay cum to 
the Justice Port, whair Geicht schiftis the capiten and all his keiparis, and be plane 
speid of foot he wynis cloiss away, to all thair disgraces, and to Germanic goes he " 

(264) 



GIGHT. 101 

(Spalding's Troubles, i., 287). He may have lived in Germany with his kinsman, 
Colonel John Gordon, who assassinated Wallenstein, and who had seen John 
Gordon of Ardlogie die in 1638. He spent part of the time in England as the 
next item shows. 

1642. April 20. On this date King Charles wrote this letter, which has been 
discovered in the Record Office by Mr. Murray Rose : " Charles, by the Grace of God 
King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, To all and sundry 
to whom these presents shall come, Greeting : Seeing that a noble and most brave 
knight, George Gordon of Gight, faithful to us and beloved, one of the lords of our bed- 
chamber, descended of the most noble house of Huntley in Scotland, has so proved 
his fidelity to us in the late troubled times, that not only did he for two years per- 
form the duties of commander of a troop of horse and company of foot in our service 
with the highest credit, but also out of his great zeal on our behalf defrayed at his 
own expense the charge of both companies; and that after the pacification of Berwick 
fresh troubles having broken out in England, he proceeded thither, and there being 
made a Colonel by us, he for the space of a whole year conducted himself with the 
highest bravery and merit. And now that peace has been restored, he asks our per- 
mission to depart ; and we being desirous not only to accord to him our benign 
permission, but also to grace him with this passport as a testimony of his fidelity 
and bravery. Therefore we earnestly desire all Kings, Princes, and States others, 
our Friends and Neighbours through whose countries he may pass, or in which he may 
give evidence of his bravery, as well as their vice-gerents and other magistrates and 
goodmen : and we strictly enjoin our subjects that they afford to the said George 
Gordon full freedom and power of going, abiding and returning with his household 
and goods, permitting none to molest or injure him, but rather afford him all offices 
of humanity, benevolence and friendship which every one expects to be rendered to 
himself : and they may rest assured that whatever aid they shall confer on this 
excellent man will be very grateful to us, and will be willingly rewarded by us as 
occasion offers ; and we have caused this passport to be given under our regal hand 
and seal, in our Court at York, the twentieth of April, 1642, and of our reign the 
eighteenth year." 

1643. Feb. 20. The king granted to Robert Cruickshank, junior, and Alex- 
ander Burnet, senior, merchant burgesses of Aberdeen, their heirs and assignees 
whatsoever, the lands and barony of Geight, which belonged to George Gordon 
of Geight, son and heir of the late Sir George, and were valued 8th November, 1642, 
at 16,800 libs. (Great Seal). 

1643. June. " Schir George Gordon, elder of Geicht, cam hame out of 
Germanic," where he had been for three years (Spalding's Troubks, ii., 254). 

1643. July 31. The king grants to James, Earl of Airlie [the laird's brother- 
in-law], his heirs and assignees whatsoever the Kirklands of Gight, etc., etc., and 
the other lands and tacks of teinds on July 18, 1643, at 11,504 merks. Gight was 
in hiding in Germany from 1640 to 1643. During this period his creditors seem to 
have fallen on his assets, and that may have caused him to come "out of Germany" 
in 1643, as Spalding tells us. 

(265) 



102 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1644. March 19. He was one of the band of Royalists who rode into Aber- 
deen arrd captured Provost Leslie, Robert Farquhar and Alexander Jaffray, "lait 
baillies," and John Jaffray, Dean of Guild, and took them to Strathbogie, and then 
to Auchindown (Troubles, ii., 324-5). 

1644. March 26. He and his son accompanied the Marquis of Huntly to 
Aberdeen (Ibid., ii., 330). 

1644. April. He was one of the band that went to Banff, "took in the toune 
but contradictioun, mellit with the keyis of the tolbuith, took frie quarteris, and 
plunderit all the armes thay could get, buffill cotis, pikis, pistollis, suordis, carrabinis, 
yea and money also. Thay took from Alexander Winchester, ane of the bailleis 
thairof, 700 merkis, quilk he [had] as ane of the four collectouris of the taxationis, and 

loane siluer of Banff, and fra Schand in Doun thay plunderit some moneis. 

Thay causit the balleis (for Doctor Douglass thair prouest had fled) and tounesmen 
subscrive and sueir the band denying the last Covenant. . . . Thay also took from 
George Geddess, ane vther of the saidis four collectouris, 500 merkis of taxatioun 
and loane siluer. Geicht keepit all the moneyis, about 2,500 merkis. Thairefter thay 
rode to Muresk, perseuit the place, and being randerit, thay took the Laird with 
thame ; syne returnit to Innervrie, quhair thay met with the Marquis " (Ibid., ii., 
342). 

1644. May i. He rode through Old Aberdeen with a company of about 60 
horse, bearing "new quhyte lances in thair handis," to Strathbogie " (Ibid., ii., 352). 

1644. May 9. The house of Gight was "randerit" by the laird to the 
Covenanters. Gight was captured (though his son escaped). " Thair is ane capitan 
with about 24 soldiouris put within the place of Geicht, quhilk wes weill provydit 
with meit and drink and other necessares ; and quhairin thair wes store of ammvni- 
tioun, pulder and ball, with victuall in girnellis aboundantlie" (Ibid., ii., 359). 

1644. May 13. Gight and the other prisoners, his brother John, and Sir John 
Gordon of Haddo, were brought to Aberdeen "throw the lynkis". The Aberdeen 
Town Council spent 26 135. 4d. in entertaining Patrick Chalmers, the lieutenant of 
the horse troop, " that cam as convoy with Haddo and Gight," and his men (Spalding 
Club Mis., v., 161). Haddo and Gight were taken to Edinburgh. In June the 
Parliament (see Acts of Parliament) granted Gight liberty to write to his wife and get 
the services of an "ypothecarie" because of the "weakness of his bodie". He also 
asked to be relieved of the "burdene of his interteanment of his brother" [John], 
who was in prison with him. Parliament granted him 300 merks, through his agent, 
Thomas Gordon. In July he was granted permission to see his wife and his daughter, 
Barbara. In the same month witnesses against him were granted 20 each. In 
June, Mr. George Sharpe, the minister of Fyvie, had complained to Parliament that 
Gight owed him "87 bolles victuell and 251 133. 4d. of his stipend," which the laird 
was ordered to pay up. Haddo was tried in July, and condemned and executed 
(July 19, 1644). Gight's trial was postponed till January, 1645. Meantime he escaped. 

1647. J an - 5- He was pardoned by Parliament. 

1648. Feb. The Commission of that General Assembly declared of Gight and 
Gordon of Ardlogie that the Presbyteries where they lived were overawed. 

(266) 



GIGHT. 103 



1648. May. He was summoned by Parliament to appear for the "cryme of 
malignancie for his complyand with the rebels, assisting of them in the rebellion, or 
being accessorie or active himself in said rebellion ". A messenger-at-arms was 

ordered to "warne and charge the said Gordon" personally "giff he can be 

apprehendit ". The proclamation for his arrest was to be exhibited at the market 
crosses of " the head burghe of the shyre quhair he dwellis " (Acts of Parliament). 

Gight married Lady Elizabeth Ogilvy, daughter of the sixth Lord 
Ogilvy of Airlie (died 1616) and sister of the first Earl of Airlie (died 
1648), whose wife (a daughter of the Earl of Haddington) is the heroine 
of the well-known ballad, " The Bonnie Hoose o' Airlie ". In 1624 
Gight was described as an "apostate," and his wife as a "recussant" 
(Mair's Presbytery of E lion, p. 67). 

1. GEORGE, VIII. of Gight. 

2. A son (Balbithan MS.}. 

3. BARBARA was allowed to visit her father in Edinburgh Jail, July, 1644 (Acts 
of Parliament). 



GEORGE GORDON, VIII. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of VII.} 

This laird followed precisely in the way of his ancestors ; and even 
surpassed them by an attempt to oust his own father from the estates. 
His career runs thus : 

1635. He was a student at King's College, Aberdeen (University Register). 

1642. July. He married Keith, the laird of Ludquharne's daughter, while his 
father was still in Germany. Keith was a Covenanter, which may account for 
Spalding's statement (Troubles, ii., 175) that young Gight " fell [at this time] in sum 
variance with his awin mother," at the instigation of Ludquharne, " as wes thocht ". 
He wished to enter into possession, as his father, who was in Germany when the 
seventh laird died, was never infeft " thairintill ". " The lady ansuerit scho would not 
deliuer these wreittis (hir husband being absent) without his consent. Quhairvpone, 
be Ludquharnes assistans, thay resolue to tak in the place of Geicht, whiche scho 
schortlie manis, and stoutlie defendis. Thay tak in barnes and laiche bigging to sie 
if thay could get the yetis opnit, and schot in at the hall wyndois, quhair ane William 
Gordone wes schot through the schulder blead." The affair reminds one of the 
plight of the lady's sister-in-law, who had been besieged in the " Bonnie Hoose o' 
Airlie" two years before. In the present attack on " Lady Gight," her brother, the 
Earl of Airlie, "heiring of his sisteris distress," remonstrated with Lord Huntly on 
the subject. The Marquis "satlit" the business at Leggitisden "betuixt Geicht 

(267) 



104 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

(who cam thither) with the ladie his mother". Spalding relates a curious incident. 
When Gight was returning from Leggitisden, "weill content of the agriement, 
Johne Lesk, ane of his owne folke, schooting ane volay with ane hagbut of found for 
joy (lying at the seige of Geicht), hes hand wes schot fra him, and schortlie thairefter 
[he] deit. This hagbut of found in the trubles wes plunderit be Ludquharne, the 
said Johne Lesk being in his company, out of the place of Foverane ; so he gat his 
reward, and this seige dissoluit." 

1644. Feb. 23. A band of Covenanters, who had set out to raid the lands 
of several lairds who would not sign, met a troop of loyalists, including young Gight, 
who were plundering the lands of Dr. Dun at Taartie. The Covenanters were 
" schamefullie dvng bak, thair armes tane fra thame, and routit pitifullie. . . . 
Quhairat our Committee of Aberdene . . . wes heichlie offendit " (Spalding's 
Troubles, ii., 322). 

1644. March 26. Young Gight and a number of Royalists met Lord Huntly 
in Aberdeen. Young Gight, Drum and Haddo, and some horsemen were left in 
charge of the town, which Huntly left (Ibid., ii., 330). 

1644. April 22. Young Gight and a band of Royalists left Aberdeen and 
crossed the Bridge of Dee. At two o'clock in the morning of April 24 they entered 
the town of Montrose, " dang the toune's people [who were on the watch] fra the 
calsey to thair houssis, and out of the foirstaires thay schot desperatlie, bot thay 
war forssit to yeild by many feirfull schotes schot aganes thame ; quhair vnhappelie 
Alexander Peirsone, ane of thair bailleis, wes slayne ". The raiders then tried to 
charter an Aberdeen ship, then lying in the harbour, to carry off the town's " car- 
towis ". But the provost had taken refuge in the vessel, which " schot fyve or six 
peices of ordinans disperatlie amongis" the Royalists, "with about fourtie mvscattis, 
quhair by the gryte providens. of God thair wes bot onlie tuo men killit and sum 
hurt ". The Royalists then " brak the quheillis of the cartowis, for moir thay could 
not do, nor brak them thay micht not, and threw thame over the schoir to mak 
thame vnserviceable ". They afterwards plundered the shops of the town, and 
" cruellie spolzie ritche merchandice, clothis, silkis, veluotis, and other costlie wair, 
siluer, gold and siluer wark, armes, and all vther thing, quhairat the hieland men 
wes not slow. Thay brak up a pype of Spanish wyne, and drank hartfullie. Thay 
took Patrick Lichtoun, lait Provost," and another man prisoner. "Thay left Mon- 
troiss in wofull cace, about tuo efternoone " not a bad twelve hours' work. " Syn 
that samen nicht [they] went to Cortoquhy to meet with the Erll of Airlie [young 
Gight's uncle], who heiring of the Marques of Argyllis cuming wold not give thame 
entrie." As a consequence, thirty-two of the party who lingered plundering the 
town of Montrose were captured by the Covenanters, and taken to Edinburgh 
(Ibid., ii., 347-8). A few days before old Gight had plundered the town of Banff. 
A reward of 18,000 merks was offered for the capture of young Gight (among others), 
" quik or deid ". 

1644. May g. When old Gight surrendered his house to the Covenanting 
party at this date, " his sone, the young laird, escaipis with tuo or thrie, and being 
weill horsit, lap the park dykes and saiflie wan away in presens of the soldiouris 

(268) 



GIGHT. 105 

lying about the place, who follouit, but cam no speid to thair gryt greif " (Troubles, 

, 359)- 

1645. Feb. 20. Young Gight and his friends apprehended at Percock " Alex- 
ander Forbes alias Plagne, a bussie bodie in the good causs," who was carrying 
Covenanting despatches to the Committee at Elgin (Ibid., ii., 448). 

1645. Feb. 24. Young Gight and his friends took two of Forbes of Craigievar's 
troop "lying cairleslie in thair naikit bedis within thair quarteris of Innervrie. 
Thay took thair horss, thair moneyis, thair apparell, and armes, and gave the men 
libertie to go; whairat Cragiwar wes heichlie offendit " (Ibid., ii., 449). 

1645. July. He was wounded at the battle of Alford (Earls of Sutherland, p. 
526). 

Gight whose career after this point is obscure was certainly 
lucky to have escaped with his head, for his friends fell thick in the 
struggle, as follows : 

1644. July 19. Sir John Gordon of Haddo, his neighbour, was executed at 
Edinburgh. 

1645. July 2. Lord Gordon, his chiefs son, fell at the battle of Alford. 

1646. Jan. 20. Nathaniel Gordon, his kinsman, was executed at St. Andrews. 

1647. Oct. 26. John Leith, younger of Harthill, his cousin, was executed at 
Edinburgh. 

1649. March 22. The second Marquis of Huntly, chief of his clan, was 
executed at Edinburgh. 

Considerable ambiguity exists about the name of his wife. Spalding 
says (Troubles, ii., 174) he married (in July, 1642) a daughter of Sir 
William (?) Keith of Ludquharne (whose ancestor, Sir John Keith, had 
been killed at Flodden). He seems to have married as his second wife 
Lucretia, daughter of Robert Irvine of Fedderat by his wife Elizabeth 
Campbell, daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, who was 
married in 1621 (MS. Pedigree, by Col. Forbes-Leslie at Drum Castle). 
According to Row, whose Journal was printed in Scottish Notes and 
Queries, Jan., 1894, Dame Anna Forbes, " Lady Gight," daughter to 
the Lord Forbes, died Sept. 14, 1667, aged 67. According to Mac- 
farlane's Genealogical Collections (ii., 244), "Arthur Forbes of Eight 
married Anna Forbes, daughter to my Lord Forbes . . . and the said 
Arthur to his second Lady married Barbara Forbes, daughter to the 
Laird of Asloun . . .". Hence in Row Gight is probably a slip for Eight. 
The mention of this lady, however, seems to give some semblance 
of truth to the ballad entitled " Gight's Lady," which Peter Buchan 
printed. In this ballad the lady says: 

(269) MM 



106 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

First I was lady o' Black Riggs, 

And then into Kincraigie ; 
Now I am the Lady o" Gight, 

And my love he's ca'd Geordie. 

I was the mistress o' Pitfour, 

And madam o' Kincraigie, 
And now my name is Lady Anne, 

And I am Gight's own lady. 

The ballad describes how Gight went after " Bignet's lady". He then 
got into prison, and owned first to having stolen " ane o' the King's 
best brave steeds," and "sold him in Bevany " ; secondly, to having 
killed five orphans for their money. A ransom of 10,000 crowns is then 
put on " Geordie's " head. His wife then 

Spread her mantle on the ground, 

Dear but she spread it bonny ; 
Some gaed her crowns, some ducadoons, 
And some gaed dollars mony. 

Gight, of course, is saved, and his spouse prepares to ride off with him, 
when he announces his unswerving devotion to her rival : " A finger 
o' Bignet's lady's hand is worth a' your fair body ". And he is made 
to stab her to the heart. 

Now a' that lived intil Black Riggs, 

And likewise in Kincraigie, 
For seven lang years were clad in black, 

To mourn for Gight's own lady. 

Historically, I cannot verify the ballad at all. Peter Buchan makes a 
third laird of Gight (killed in 1578) the hero of this affair, but I fear 
that Buchan is simply guessing at the truth. The eighth laird of Gight, 
at any rate, had two children (although the Balbithan MS. says he 
"begat a daughter and dyed"). 

1. GEORGE, IX. of Gight. 

2. MARIE. On July 16, 1684, there is a discharge and renunciation by her to 

her brother of 12,000 merks, " contained in heritable bond by him, with 
consent of Dame Elizabeth Urquhart, his spouse, to his said sister, 
of date April 20, 1683 : whereby for security of said sum he bound him- 
self to infeft his said sister in an annual rent of 480, furth of the town 
and lands of Newseat, Ardoe, etc., in the Parish of Tarves ". At Aberdeen, 
May 22, 1684 (Aberdeen Sasines, xii., 57). She seems to have been the 
"Mrs. Mary Gordon of Gight" who was married on June 2, 1691, to 
Lieut.-Colonel John Gordon. The marriage ceremony was performed by 

(270) 



GIGHT. 

the minister of Fyvie before the Laird of Meldrum and the Laird of 
Knockleith. The Lieutenant-Colonel is spoken of in the Poll Book as 
"the laird of Gight" in 1695. On Sept. 30, 1697, "Lieut. Col. John 
Gordon of Gight " was a witness to the baptism of Margaret, daughter of 
Mr. George Dalgarno, minister at Fyvie (Fyvie Register of Baptisms). 
Lieut.-Col. Gordon and his wife Marie had a daughter 

ELIZABETH, baptised by the minister of Fyvie, in presence of John 
Gordon of Rothnie, William Pantoun in the Miltoun of Fyvie 
and others, June 12, 1694 (Ibid.). What became of this Elizabeth 
I cannot say. She is mentioned in the Poll Book. 



SIR GEORGE GORDON, IX. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of VIII.) 

Very little is known about this laird. Dr. Temple, in the Thanage 
of Fermartyn, dismisses him with four-and-twenty words. Almost the 
only fact I can discover about him is that he was a Commissioner of 
Supply in 1678 and 1685 (Acts of Parliament). In 1682 Lord Aberdeen 
sent a present of plums to Gight's gardener (Aberdeen Papers, Historical 
MSS. Commission, 5th Report, p. 609). In a sasine of 1685 Gight is 
described as " Knight, Baronet ". The following item from the Register 
of Aberdeen Sasines (xii., 137) throws some light on him, suggesting that 
the family had fallen into debt : 

1685. Jan. 15. Discharge and renunciation by George Keith of Knock, 
Sheriff- Depute of Kincardine, to Sir George Gordon [ninth] of Gight, and George 
Gray of Schivas, his cautioner, of 3,000, which he agreed to pay in consideration of 
the sums contained in a heritable bond by the deceased Sir George Gordon [eighth] 
of Gight to Nathaniel Keith in Aden, of date December 30, 1642, and registered 
February i, 1649, in and to which bond the said Nathaniel constitute the deceased 
Major George Keith of Whytriggs, father of the foresaid George, cessioner and 
assignee by his assignation of date September n, 1656. Whereupon the said Major, 
having raised letters of horning against the said deceased Sir George Gordon, and 
by virtue thereof caused charge him to pay to the said Major the sums of money 
foresaid, which being suspended by the said deceased Sir George Gordon, the said 
umquhile Major obtained dereet of suspension before the Lords of Council and 
Session on November 16, 1667, against the said Sir George Gordon, whereby they 
found the saids letter and charges orderly proceeded, and decern the same to have 
effect, and be put to further execution, etc. At Aberdeen, December 4, 1684. 



lo8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

The ninth laird married his kinswoman, Elizabeth Urquhart, only 
daughter of Patrick Urquhart of Meldrum (1611-1664) by Lad)' Margaret 
Ogilvie, who was the daughter of the first Earl of Airlie, and the cousin 
of her husband, for it will be remembered that the seventh laird of Gight 
had married the sister of the first Earl of Airlie. Gight died before 1695, 
for his wife was described (Poll Book) in 1695 as the " duager of Gight," 
and was living at the Mains of Gight. Among her servants occurs the 
name of Donald M 'Queen. He may have been the hero of the ballad 
called " Donald M'Queen's Flicht wi' Lizie Menzie," quoted by Peter 
Buchan. Donald is said to have tempted her with a cheese as a love 
philtre ! It is certain, however, that Lizie Menzie was not " Lady of 
Fyvie " in the sense of being the wife of the last Earl of Dunfermline, 
as Buchan makes out. According to the Poll Book, Mrs. Magdalen 
Crichton, relict of Laurence Oliphant, son of Lord Oliphant, was living 
at Woodhead of Gight in 1695. Lady Gordon, who was alive in 1704 
(Privy Council Register), afterwards married Major-General Thomas 
Buchan of the Auchmacoy family, who died in 1721 (without leaving 
issue), at Ardlogie, the jointure house of the Gights (Joseph Robertson's 
Preface to the Diary of General Patrick Gordon). Buchan met General 
Patrick Gordon in Edinburgh on June 20, 1686. He had served in 
France and Holland, and was made a Major-General by James II. in 
1689. The tombstone that marks the resting-place of the Gights stands 
in the churchyard of Fyvie. One side of it bears a coat of arms, of 
date 1685, with the letters " S[ir] G[eorge] G[ordon] " and " D[ame] 
E[lizabeth] U[rquhart] " in the body of it, surmounted by the Gordon 
motto, " Bydand," and at the base runs the Urquhart motto, " By sea 
and land ". The ninth laird had an only daughter 

MARIE GORDON, X. of Gight. 



MARIE GORDON (MRS. DAVIDSON), X. OF GIGHT. 

(Daughter of IX. : died 1740.) 

She was the only child of the ninth laird. I think that this is made 
quite clear by the following extract from the Register ofSasines, Aberdeen 
(xii., 514) : 

(272) 



GIGHT. log 

1687. June 22. Sasine on Charter under the Great Seal to Marie Gordon, only 
lawful daughter procreated between Sir George Gordon of Gight and Elizabeth 
Urquhart, his spouse, and the heirs male of her body : which failing to the eldest 
heir female without division of her body, and the heirs male or female of her body : 
and the said heirs as well male as female, and the heirs of taillie and provision nomi- 
nated by the said Sir George, and succeeding to his lands and estate shall assume 
the sirname of Gordon and insignia of the family of Gight, etc., of the lands and 
barony of Gicht, alias Schives. ... At Whythall, April 4, 1685. Sasine on June 13, 
1687. George Gordon in Gight is a witness. 

There is a curious difficulty in connection with the tenth laird, 
involved in the presence of two John Gordons on the estate a Captain 
John in 1685, and a Lieutenant-Colonel John in 1695. Captain John 
figures in two references : 

1685. February 23. Sasine on disposition by Dr. Patrick Urquhart [uncle of 
the tenth laird of Gight], Professor of Medicine in King's College, Aberdeen, and 
Elizabeth Muir, his spouse, with consent of Sir George Gordon of Gicht, Knight, 
Baronet, to Captain John Gordon, sometime tutor of Glenbucket, for an annual rent 
of 60 Scots, corresponding to the principal sum of 1000 : furth of the town and 
lands of Little Gicht, mill and mill lands of Ardo, lying in the parishes of Fyvie and 
Tarves. At Aberdeen, May 20, 1684: Sasine on January 30, 1685 (Aberdeen Sasines, 
vol. xii., folio 171). 

1708. February 12. Sasine on letters of obligation by William Keith of Lud- 
quharne [the eighth laird of Gight had married a Keith of Ludquharne], with consent 
of Lady Jean Smith, his spouse, and George Keith, their second lawful son, to Agnes 
Gordon [of the Badenscoth family], relict of Captain John Gordon, tutor of Glen- 
bucket, and George Gordon, his eldest son, of an annual rent of 40 Scots furth of 
two crofts of the town and lands of Stirlinghill, sometime possessed by Alexander 
Bruce and George Darg, lying in the parish of Peterhead. At Boddam, December 
13, 1707 : Sasine on December 31, 1707 (Ibid., xix., 412). 

The " tutor of Glenbucket " was the grandson of Sir Adam Gordon 
of Glenbucket, by his second wife, Helen Tyrie. Sir Adam's first 
spouse was Christian, a daughter of the fifth laird of Gight. The 
other John, the Lieutenant-Colonel, figures in the List of Pollable Persons 
in Aberdeenshire, 1695 (ii., 289), where the "laird of Gight" is 
stated to be " Livetennent-Collonell John Gordon " (to the amount of 
"996 135. 4d. Scots). His wife is stated to be " Dame Mary Gordon," 
and his daughter " Mrs. Betty Gordon ". Now, who was this Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John Gordon ? Was he the first husband of Marie, the 
tenth laird, or was his wife Marie the daughter of the eighth and 
the aunt of the tenth laird ; and did he assume the guardianship of her 

(273) 



110 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

lands during her minority? The laird of Gight's valuation in the 
parish of Ellon in 1695 was 149 i6s. The valuation of the lands of 
Gight was 996 135. 4d. Scots, as follows : 

Lieut. -Col. John Gordon should pay of the proportion of the 
valued rent i us., effeirand to the duty of the saids 
lands in his own labouring, but its absorbet in the highest, 
in which he is raited, being 24 Scots : inde with the 
generall poll is 24 6 o 

Dame Mary Gordon, his lady, and Mrs. Bettie Gordon, his 

daughter . . o 12 o 

Their servants and cottars 14 10 4 



39 8 4 
Maynes of Gight (occupied by Dame Elizabeth Urquhart, 

" Duager of Gight," and cottars) 25 4 8 

Little Gight 838 

Swanfoord . . . 388 

Milne of Gight 3164 

Blackhillock 4 15 6 

Lethentie 6156 

Fadonhill 524 

Cottoune . . . . . . . . . . 4 12 o 

Millbrecks ' . 10 n 6 

Brucleseat 260 

Fetterletter 9 15 4 

Stonhouse 218 

Munkshill 10 15 o 

Woodhead of Gight, occupied by Mrs. Magdalen Crighton, 
relict of Mr. Laurence Olyphant, son to Lord Olyphant 
[Patrick, sixth Lord Oliphant, married as his second 
wife Mary, daughter of James Crichton of Frendraught], 
Mrs. Bettie Gordon, James Gordon, gentleman ; Anna 
Gordon, spouse to Alexander Whyte, an officer in the 

army in Flanders, but indigent ; and others . . . 21 17 6 

" Lady " Marie Gordon, who was the first woman laird of Gight, 
married at Fyvie, Nov. 2, 1701, Alexander Davidson, younger of Newton 
of Culsalmond. The witnesses were " the laird of Cubardie, the lairds of 
Knockleath, Banchrie, and many others ". On the margin the " Lairds 
of Newton and Lady Gight" are given (Fyvie Register of Marriages in 
the Register House). The marriage contract, dated Edinburgh, October 

(274) 



GIGHT. Ill 



20, 1701, is referred to in the Register of Aberdeen Sasines (xix., 559) 
thus : 

1712. June 26. Sasine on (i) contract of marriage between Alexander David- 
son, younger of Newton of Culsalmond, with consent of Alexander Davidson, his 
father, on the one part, and Lady Mary Gordon, heiress of Gight, with consent of 
Lady Elizabeth Urquhart, her mother, for infefting her in liferent after the decease 
of the said Alexander Davidson, now her future spouse, in 22 chalders victual 
furth of the one or other half of the lands, mills, etc., of Newtoun of Culsalmond, 
Williamstoun and Melinsyde, by letters of resignation by the said Mr. Alex- 
ander Davidson, his father : contained in the said contract, which is dated at 
Edinburgh, Oct. 20, 1701. Also, on (2) charter of resignation by the Queen to the 
said Alexander Davidson and the said Mary Gordon of the said lands. At Edin- 
burgh, June 22, 1711, and registered June 5, 1711. Sasine in , 1712. 

There should have been a certain irony in this alliance, because, 
while the Gight family had been notorious law-breakers, the Davidsons 
had for generations been administering the law as " advocates " in 
Aberdeen. Yet the Gight lawlessness was uninfected by the marriage, 
for Alexander Davidson exhibited (so late as 1704) an extraordinary 
contempt for the law, so that his progeny may be supposed to have 
had a good share of Gight morality in their blood. It was part of his 
marriage contract that Davidson should pay the debts of his mother- 
in-law, who had married General Buchan. Davidson apparently re- 
gretted this arrangement, for, in 1704 at which date the contract had 
not been registered he borrowed a copy of the contract from his 
mother-in-law, through James Hamilton of Cobairdy. Then followed 
a curious lawsuit, which is condensed from the Privy Council Register 
in Chambers's Domestic Annals (iii., 304), under date September, 1704 : 

When the [Gight] family creditors applied for payment of their debts, Davidson 
did not scruple to send them, or allow them to go, to the old Lady Gight and her 
husband (General Buchan) for payment. Beginning to feel distressed by the 
creditors, old Lady Gight sought back the copy of the contract for her protection ; 
but, as no entreaty could induce Davidson to return it to Cobairdy, she was forced 
to prosecute the latter for its restitution. Cobairdy, being at length, at the instance 
of old Lady Gight and her husband, taken upon a legal caption, was, with the 
messenger, John Duff, at the Milton of Fyvie, on his way to prison, i6th September, 
1704, when Davidson came to him with many civil speeches, expressive of his regret 
of what had taken place. He entreated Duff to leave Cobairdy there on his parole 
of honour, and go to intercede with General Buchan and his wife for a short respite 
to his prisoner, on the faith that the contract should be registered within a fortnight, 
which he pledged himself should be done. Duff executed this commission success- 

(275) 



112 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

full}' ; but when he came back Davidson revoked his promise. It chanced that 
another gentleman had, meanwhile, arrived at the Milton, one Patrick Gordon, who 
had in his possession a caption against Davidson for a common debt of 100 due to 
himself. Seeing what stuff Davidson was made of, he resolved no longer to delay 
putting his design in execution ; so he took Duff aside and put the caption into his 
hand, desiring him to take Davidson into custody, which was immediately done. In 
the midst of these complicated proceedings, a message came from Mrs. Davidson, 
entreating them to come to the family mansion, a few miles off, where she thought 
all difficulties might be accommodated. The whole party accordingly went there, 
and were entertained very hospitably till about two in the morning (Sunday), when 
the strangers rose to depart, and Davidson came out to see them to horse, as a host 
was bound to do in that age, but with apparently no design of going along with 
them. Duff was not so far blinded by Gight's hospitality as to forget that he would 
be under a very heavy responsibility if he should allow Davidson to slip through his 
fingers. Accordingly he reminded the laird that he was a prisoner, and must come 
along with them ; whereupon Davidson drew his sword, and called his servants to 
the rescue, but was speedily overpowered by the messenger and his assistant, and by 
the other gentlemen present. He and Cobairdy were, in short, carried back as 
prisoners that night to the Milton of Fyvie. This place, being on the estate of 
Gight, Duff bethought him next day that, as the tenants were going to church, they 
might gather about their captive laird, and make an unpleasant disturbance ; so he 
took forward his prisoners to the next inn, where they rested till the Sabbath was 
over. Even then, at Davidson's entreaty, he did not immediately conduct them to 
prison, but waited over Monday and Tuesday, while friends were endeavouring to 
bring about an accommodation. This was happily so far effected, the Earl of Aber- 
deen and his son, Lord Haddo, paying off Patrick Gordon's claim on Davidson, and 
certain relatives becoming bound for the registration of the marriage contract. 
From whatever motive whether, as alleged, to cover a vitiation in the contract, or 
merely out of revenge Davidson soon after raised a process before the Privy Council 
against Cobairdy, Gordon and Duff for assault and private imprisonment, concluding 
for 3,000 of damages ; but, after a long series of proceedings, in the course of which 
many witnesses were examined on both sides, the case was ignominiously dismissed, 
and Davidson decerned to pay 1,000 merks as expenses. 

Fountainhall refers to this affair in his Decisions of the Lords of 
Council : 

1708. July 15. Mr. Alexander Davidson of Newton, having married Anne 
[Marie] Gordon, the heretrix of the lands of Gight, it was represented to him that the 
debt affecting the estate was only 40,000, whereon, by his contract of marriage, his 
father obliged himself to advance that sum to disburden the lands, and accordingly 
paid it in ; but after the marriage debts emerged double of that sum, and far above 
100,000 merks ; and being pursued by [Patrick ?] Gordon of Cults for a debt owing 
to him by Gight, and he insisting, primo loco, to have him made liable for the annual 
rents of that sum, he alleged that being unluckily engaged for that family, he finds 

(276) 



GIGHT. 113 

the debts so insuperable, and so far exceeding the value of the estate, that he is 
willing to renounce and abandon the whole to the creditors, upon liberating him 
of the debts that had so unexpectedly and surprisingly emerged on that estate, even 
though he should lose the 40,000 advanced by his father. . . . The Lords thought 
Mr. Davidson's case very hard, to make him liable in the annual rents of the debts 
far exceeding the rents of his wife's land ; yet, ita lex scripta est, the same was now 
turned into a fixed known custom and law. Only, he was thus far relieved, but the 
Lords did not think him liable in the principal sums, but left them to affect the lands 
by adjudication and other diligence for securing that. 

In 1702 Alexander Dunbar, the laird of Monkshill, received from 
Mary Gordon and her husband a precept of dare constat, whereby the 
town and lands of Monkshill were declared redeemable by them as 
superiors, for the sum of 3,000 merks (Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 80). 

Davidson died about 1716. His widow seems to have died in 1739 
or in 1740, for on 2gth January, 1740, their son, Alexander, was served 
heir to his mother. Alexander Davidson and Mary Gordon had 

1. GEORGE DAVIDSON, born and baptised May 20, 1704. Mr. Alexander David- 

son, elder of Newtone, sponsor : witnesses, James Ogilvie at miln of Airdo, 
Adam Panton in Litlegight, Patrick Chalmers in the Newtown and 
Alexander Wilson in Buchquhandachie (Fyvie Register of Baptisms). 

2. ALEXANDER DAVIDSON, born and baptised Jan. 30, 1707. Major Generall 

Buchan and Alex. Davidson, Laird of Newton, present. The Earl 
of Huntly, the Laird of Cockstown, the Laird of Pitmeden, god- 
fathers (Ibid.). 

3. ALEXANDER DAVIDSON, born and baptised May 16, 1711, by Mr. George 

Dalgarno, minister of Fyvie, at the Milne of Williamston in the parish of 
Culsalmond, Alexander Davidson, Laird of Newton, elder, Thomas Buchan, 
Major Generall, were present and several others (Ibid.). 

4. ALEXANDER GORDON, XI. of Gight. 

5. ELIZABETH DAVIDSON, married James Gordon of Techmuiry, and died at 

Faichfield on October i, 1788, in the eighty-fifth year of her age (Scots 
Magazine (1., 518), which calls her "sister of Alexander Gordon of 
Gight"). I may note that Dr. Temple (Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 76) says 
she "married, in 1767, Alexander Innes of Breda and Cowie ". This is a 
mistake. The Elizabeth Davidson whom Innes married was the daughter 
of William Davidson, Provost of Aberdeen from 1760 to 1762. The 
Provost died in 1765 (A. M. Munro's Memorials, p. 240). 

6. ISOBEL DAVIDSON, baptised Dec. n, 1705, married (as his first wife) William 

Fordyce of Monkshill, Aquhorties, who bought the lands of Monkshill 
from her brother, Alexander, in 1744 (Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 80). She 
was dead before 1738, when Fordyce married Margaret, daughter of 

(27?) NN 



114 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Walter Cochrane of Dumbreck, Provost of Aberdeen (Scottish Notes and 
Queries, May, igoo). Isobel Gordon had one son 

WILLIAM FORDYCE of Monkshill, Captain in the Marines, who was the 
grandfather of Sir Fitzroy Kelly, Attorney-General, 1858-9. Captain 
Fordyce sold Monkshill to George Gordon, XII. of Gight, in 1768. 
7. JEAN DAVIDSON, born and baptised June i, 1709, Jean, Countess of Dunferm- 
line being the godmother (Fyvie Register of Baptisms), who married Andrew 
Robertson of Foveran (Temple's Thanage of Fermartyn, pp. 76, 575). They 
had a son 

JOHN ROBERTSON of Foveran, who married Mary, daughter of David 
Stewart of Dalguise, Provost of Edinburgh, and died 1826. He was 
succeeded by his son 

ANDREW ROBERTSON of Foveran. He sold the estate of Foveran 
to David Gill of Aberdeen, to Alexander Mitchell of Ythan 
Lodge, and to Miss Christina Mackenzie (Ibid,, p. 575). 



ALEXANDER GORDON, XI. OF GIGHT. 
(Son of X. : born 1716 ; drowned 1760.) 

Alexander, the eleventh laird, was baptised May 25, 1716, the Earl 
of Huntly, the Laird of Cockstoune and the Laird of Pitmeddan being 
godfathers, and Alexander Gordon in Bochelle and William Panton 
at the Miltoune of Fyvie witnesses (Fyvie Register of Baptisms). In 
accordance with the sasine on charter granted to his mother (June 22, 
1687), he assumed the " sirname of Gordon and insignia of the family 
of Gight ". Dr. Temple calls him " Alexander Davidson Gordon," but I 
can find no authority for this middle name. On his tombstone he is 
called "Alexander Gordon," while the Service of Heirs describes him (in 
1735 and 1740) as " Alexander Gordon or Davidson ". 

He was served heir to his father in Newton, Wrangham, Glenis- 
toun, Skares and Melvinside on January 10, 1735 ; to his grandfather, 
Alexander Davidson of Newton, on January 10, 1735 ; to his grand- 
uncle, James Davidson of Tillymorgan, who died September, 1720, in 
Tillymorgan, Sauchieloan, Graystone and Catdenaill in Culsalmond, 
January 10, 1735 ; to his mother, January 29, 1740. 

The eleventh laird, soon after his accession, redeemed from Eliza- 
beth Smith (who was a sister of " Tiftie's Annie ") and her son, William 

(a 7 8) 



GIGHT. 115 

Dunbar, the wadset of Monkshill, by paying up the 3,000 merks due 
thereon. In 1744 he sold the lands to William Fordyce of Aquhorties, 
his brother-in-law (Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 80). In 1768 the latter's 
son, Captain William Fordyce of the Marines, resold Monkshill to the 
next laird of Gight, George Gordon, and the burden of 4,000 merks was 
discharged by the payment of this sum to Isobell Fordyce, his mother. 
He married Margaret Duff, born Dec. 20, 1720 ; died at Banff, Nov. 
13, 1801 (vide Gight tombstone). She was the daughter of Patrick 
Duff of Craigston (uncle of the first Earl Fife, and founder of the Duffs 
of Hatton). This alliance was interesting from several points of view 
besides Byron's famous love affair with his cousin, Mar)' Duff. The 
Duffs represented everything that the Gordons of Gight did not. They 
were never reckless especially where money was concerned ; for their 
rise is one of the most wonderful stories of success, and was mainly due 
to brains as applied to commerce. Sometimes (as I argued at con- 
siderable length in Scottish Notes and Queries, May, 1898) their brains 
led them into literature (Sir M. E. Grant-Duff and his brother, Mr. 
Douglas Ainslie, are cases in point to-day), and it might be advanced 
that Byron was a good deal indebted to this strain in his blood for his 
literary instincts. In any case, it may be taken for granted that the 
Gight family increased their balance at the bankers during the reign of 
Margaret Duff, despite the fact that she had a large family, and apart 
from the annexation of the Davidson estates. 

The eleventh laird of Gight lived at a period when the landed gentry 
had ceased to go out to slaughter their neighbours, and, in turn, get 
killed for their trouble. But, like so many of his ancestors, he met a 
violent death (at the age of forty-four), for he was drowned in the river 
Ythan, on January 24, 1760. The Aberdeen Journal, in recording the 
event, says : " He was an honest, inoffensive gentleman, an affectionate 
husband, indulgent parent, sincere friend, master, and good Christian. 
He had frequently found benefit to his health by using the cold bath, 
and he had the misfortune to perish in the water of Ythan, while he 
was bathing, being suddenly swelled with melted snow " ! In his 
plenitude of grief, as you will note, the reporter's sense of syntax failed 
him (for surely no man ever succumbed to an overdose of melted snow) ; 
and I am further inclined to believe that the journalistic reticence of 
1760 may have led him to gloss the fact of suicide. Scotsmen in 

(279) 



Il6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

1760 had not become slaves to the tub so much as to induce them 
to bathe in ice-covered rivers in the depths of winter. Furthermore, 
the victim's son, the next laird of Gight, is said to have drowned 
himself in the Bath Canal, though no obituary notice I have seen 
mentions the fact. 

Mrs. Gordon, with all the common-sense tenacity of her race, sur- 
vived her spouse for forty-one years, having a jointure of 55 us. on 
the Gight estate to the very end. She took herself to Banff, where she 
lived with her sister, in a three-storeyed house in Low Street. She 
practically brought up her granddaughter, Mrs. Byron, whose reckless 
marriage must have shocked her, though it did not prevent her from 
entertaining her great-grandson (Lord Byron) at Banff when he was 
about seven or eight years old. In Dr. Cramond's Annals of Banff 
(i., 228-237) will be found various legends about Byron's boyhood 
in Banff, and a letter which shows what an illiterate speller old " Lady 
Gight " was. The eleventh laird of Gight and his spouse had no fewer 
than twelve children nine sons and three daughters. Beyond the 
appearance of their names on the Gight tombstone at Fyvie and the 
Register of Baptisms, I have been able to discover nothing about them, 
so that I imagine most of them died young. Only the eldest of them 
took the name of Gordon. The rest were Davidsons, as follows : 

1. GEORGE GORDON, XII. of Gight, born Nov. 14, 1741. 

2. ALEXANDER DAVIDSON, baptised Nov. 26, 1744 (Fyvie Register of Baptisms). 

He was at Marischal College, 1758-62. He got his father's estate of 
Newton in 1760. He was a captain in General R. Dalrymple-Horn- 
Elphinstone's regiment, the 53rd Foot, and married the General's 
daughter, Jean, by whom he had three daughters, including Mary and 
Margaret, who died unmarried, having sold the estate of Newton to the 
grandfather of the present proprietor, Mr. A. M. Gordon of Newton (Private 
information). 

3. PATRICK DAVIDSON, baptised Dec. 19, 1745, before the laird of Techmuirie 

and Mr. Milne (Fyvie Register of Baptisms). 

4. JOHN DAVIDSON, baptised Nov. 30, 1749 (Ibid.). 

5. WILLIAM DAVIDSON, baptised July 24, 1750 (Ibid.). 

6. JAMES DAVIDSON, baptised Nov. 24, 1752, before William Stuart of Achor- 

achan and George Gray, servitor to the laird of Gight (Ibid.). 

7. ARCHIBALD DAVIDSON, baptised Oct. 15, 1754 (Ibid.). Dr. Temple (Thanage 

of Fermartyn, p. 77) says he was a lieutenant in the same regiment as his 
brother, namely, the 53rd Foot, and that he infefted, by dare constat, in 

(280) 



GIGHT. 117 

1787, his niece, Catherine Gordon (Mrs. Byron), in the lands of Melvinside, 
Gleniston, and others in Culsalmond. He appears to have been unmarried. 

8. ROBERT DAVIDSON (Temple's Thanage of Fermartyn, p. 77). 

9. ADAM DAVIDSON (Ibid.). 

10. MARY DAVIDSON ^ 

,. > twins: baptised Jan. g, 1730. 

11. MARGARET DAVIDSON) 

12. ELIZABETH DAVIDSON, baptised Nov. 14, 1742 (Fyvie Register of Baptisms), 

died at Banff, June 20, 1804, having survived all her family. She erected 
the tombstone to her father and mother and brothers and sisters in Fyvie 
churchyard. 

13. MARY DAVIDSON, baptised Dec. 29, 1743 (Ibid.). 

14. MARGARET DAVIDSON, baptised Oct. 19, 1747 (Ibid.); she died 1764. 



GEORGE GORDON, XII. OF GIGHT. 

(Son of XI. : born 1741 ; drowned 1779.) 

With this laird the male line of the Gight family became extinct for 
the second time it had really ended in the ninth laird, his great-grand- 
father. The twelfth laird was baptised in the manor place of Ardlogie, 
Nov. 14, 1741, by the Rev. Thomas Scott, minister of Fyvie, in the 
presence of "the Lady Gight and William Knight, servitor to the 
laird of Gight " (Fyvie Register of Baptisms'). He was served heir to his 
father in April 18, 1760. On these letters, and a certified rent-roll of 
1470 135. 4d., he was enrolled a freeholder in Aberdeenshire. On 
Sept. 14, 1771, sasine was granted in favour of George Gordon of Gight 
on the lands of Minmore and others, in the parish of Inveravon, 
Banffshire, proceeding on a charter and disposition of the Duke of 
Gordon (Banff Sasines). 

He revived the old alliance between the Gordons and the Inneses, 
by marrying Catherine Innes, the daughter of Alexander Innes of 
Rosieburn (1701-1761), who was Sheriff-Clerk of Banffshire, and Provost 
of Banff for five terms of office. This Alexander Innes had married 
Catherine Abercromby (1708-1784), second daughter of Alexander Aber- 
cromby of Glassaugh, M.P. for Banffshire (from 1706 to 1727; he died 
1729). The graves of the Inneses and the Russells are in Banff church 
(Annals of Banff, ii., 358-9). The connection between the Gordon and 
Innes families, which began in the sixteenth century, will be more 
clearly understood from the accompanying table : 

(281) 



u8 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



" 111" Sir ROBERT INNES, XV. of that Ilk (circa 1441). 
I 



JAMES INNES, XVI. of that Ilk, 

married JANET GORDON, sister of and EARL OF HUNTLY. 



ALEX. INNES, XVII. of that Ilk. 



ROBERT INNES of Cromy. 



WILLIAM GORDON, 
I. ofGight. 



JAMES INNES of Rath- 
makenzie (killed at 

Pinkie) mar. Catherine 

Gordon, daughter of 

ist laird of Gight. 

ALEX. INNES, XXII. of 

that Ilk, murdered in 

1580 by Robert Innes, 

IV. of Invermarkie. 



WALTER INNES, I. of 
Invermarkie. 



ROBERT INNES, II. 
of Invermarkie. 



JOHN INNES, I. of Edingight. 



ALEXANDER INNES JOHN, IV. Rev. JEROME THOMAS INNES, 



of Blackhill. of Gight. 



INNES. II. of Edingight 



I 

JOHN INNES = Dau. 



ROBERT INNES, 
XXIII. of that Ilk. 



WILLIAM, 
V. ofGight. 



ALEX. INNES = MARGARET JOHN = !SOBEL 



("Crag-in- 
Peril "). 



of Ard- INNES. 
logic. 



THOMAS INNES, 
III. of Edingight. 



JOHN INNES, 
IV. of Edingight. 



JOHN INNES of Leuchars 
(the friend of " Wallenstein " 
Gordon). 



ELIZABETH = JOHN INNES, V. of 

| Edingight. 

ANN INNES JOHN INNES, VI. 
mar. Pat. Duff of Edingight. 
of Craigston. 



ALEXANDER, = MARGARET ALEX. INNES 
XI. ofGight. I DUFF. of Rosieburn. 



Connection 

fiefnjeen tt 

ano <5f0bt <3oroon0. 



GEORGE, XII. = KATHERINE ELIZA INNES 
of Gight. | INNES. mar. Alex. Russell 
of Montcoffer. 



CATHERINE, 

Mrs. Byron 

(d. 1811). 



It will be noticed that the twelfth laird of Gight and his wife were 
second cousins (see Colonel Innes' Chronicle of the Family of Innes of 
Edingight, 1898). The marriage contract between them is dated June 
2, 1763, and is (or was) in the possession of Mrs. Katherine Russell 

(282) 



GIGHT. IIQ 

Jack, the wife of John Jack, Inspector-General of Hospitals. I am 
indebted for the digest of it to the late Dr. Garden Blaikie, who perused 
it after writing his articles on the Gight family in the Scotsman (Sept. 
24, 1896), where he repeated the old blunder that the twelfth laird 
had married Catherine Duff. 

The contract secured for Mrs. Gordon a jointure of 1,000, the trustees being 
General James Abercromby of Glasshaugh, M.P. (died 1781), her uncle ; Captain Aber- 
cromby, his eldest son ; Thomas Innes of Rosieburn, her brother (1749-1784) ; and 
John Innes of Edingight (the Duffs, Gordons, Abercrombys and Inneses being closely 
intermarried). The property consisted of the Barony of Gight, which comprised 
Mains of Gight, Potts and Carfulzie, town and lands of Millbrecks, Blackhillock, 
Swanford, Fawdonhill, Little Gight, Middlemuir, Balquhynachie, Miln of Ardo, 
Corn and Walk Milns of Gight, Miln lands and Stonehouse of Gight, Coal town 
thereof, Fetterletter (comprehending Ardlogie and VVoodhead) ; the town and lands 
of Windyhills (comprehending Blackhills) ; the town and lands of Lethenty and 
Bruckleseat, the town and lands of Newseat, the town and lands of Little Folia, with 
the miln of Balquhydaches, etc., in the parishes of Fyvie and Tarves. The contract 
also provided very explicitly that should the succession fall to a daughter, she must 
marry either a Gordon or one who would assume that name. 

The children of the marriage are said to have been brought up by 
the laird's mother, who lived at Banff. His youngest daughter died 
there in 1777, and this seems to have weighed on the mind of the laird, 
who is described by Dr. Kiernan, an American writer on degeneracy, as 
" a victim of periodical melancholia ". The laird made a will, dated 
Dec. 19, 1777 : 

Whereas I have no heirs male procreate of the marriage betwixt me and 
Katherine Innes, my present spouse, I am resolved to settle my lands and barony of 
Gight and whole estate upon my daughters and their heirs, and in order and in 
manner after-mentioned : By these presents I do give, grant and dispone, with the 
reservations, etc., to and in favour of myself, whom failing by decease, to Katherine 
Gordon, my eldest daughter procreate betwixt me and the said Katherine Innes, my 
present spouse, and the heirs male to be lawfully procreate of her body, and the 
heirs whatsomever to be lawfully procreate of their body, the eldest heir female in 
case the succession -shall devolve upon females, always succeeding without division, 
and excluding heirs portioners : which failing, to the heirs female to be lawfully 
procreate of the body of the said Katherine Gordon, and the heirs whatsomever 
to be lawfully procreate of their bodies : which failing, to Margaret Gordon, my 
youngest daughter, procreate betwixt me and the said Katherine Innes [and the heirs 
of her body] . . . which failing, to my own nearest heirs and assignees heritably 
and irredeemably the lands of Gight, comprehending the particular towns, teinds and 
others after-mentioned, namely the Mains of Gight, comprehending Potts, with the 

(283) 



120 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

tower, fortalice and manour place thereof, houses, bigging, yards, orchards and 
pertinents thereof; the town and lands of Millbrecks, Blackhillock, Swanford, 
Fawdonhill, Little Gight, Meiklearde and pendicle called Middlearde, Middlemuir, 
Balquhynachie, Milne of Ards, Corn and Waulk milns of Gight, Miln Lands, multures, 
suckenand sequels of the said Miln, Stenhouse of Gight, Coaltown thereof, Fetterletter, 
comprehending Ardlogie and Woodhead, the town and lands of Windiehills, com- 
prehending Blackhills, the town and lands of Lethintie and Bruckleseat, the town 
and lands of Newseat, the town and lands of Coaltown, with pendicle called Little 
Folia with the miln of Balquhynachie, miln, lands, multures, sucken, sequels and 
pertinents thereof, together with the haill houses, biggings, yards, orchards, tofts, 
crofts, outsetts, insetts, mosses, muirs, marshes, woods, fishings, pasturages, meadows, 
commonty, common pasturage, annexis, connexis, dependencies, pendicles, and haill 
prevaleges and pertinents thereof, with the teind sheaves of the said haill lands all 
lying within the parishes of Fyvie and Tarves and the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen, all 
which lands, teinds and others aforesaid with certain other lands were erected into 
a haill and free barony called the barony of Gight, and the Manner Place of Gight is 
declared to be the principal messuage conform to Charter, etc., as also all and haill 
the Burgh of Barony of Woodhead of Fetterletter lying within the said lands and 
barony of Gight, with burdens, etc. 

In the beginning of 1779 Gordon made another disposition : 
Whereas I purchased some time ago from Captain William Fordyce, of the 
Maines, the property of the lands of Monkshill, teinds and fishings, and I having 
afterwards purchased the superiority of the fishings after mentioned, the same were 
conveyed and disponed in favour of Thomas Innes of Rosyburn, in liferent during all 
the days of his lifetime, and to me George Gordon of Gight, my heirs and assignees 
whatsoever in fee : and, as I have no heirs male procreate of my own body, I am re- 
solved to settle the said lands of Monkshill and teinds thereof with property, the 
superiority, and the superiority of the fishings after mentioned in favour of myself, and 
after my decease, upon Katherine Gordon, my eldest daughter : ... all and haill 
the town and lands of Monkshill, with the teinds and feu-duties thereof, houses, bigg- 
ings, yards, tofts, crofts, pendicles and pertinents of the same whatsoever lying within 
the Barony of Gight, parish of Fyvie, and Sheriffdom of Aberdeen ; as also all and 
haill that half nets fishing of salmon fish in the river of Don near the city of Old 
Aberdeen, with all the privileges, etc., which sometime belonged to the deceased James 
Colinson, burgess of Aberdeen, to me George Gordon, whom failing by decease, the 
said Catherine Gordon, my eldest daughter, and the other heirs substitutes in manner 
aforesaid. 

Gordon seems to have gone to Bath in search of health, and com- 
mitted suicide in the canal there, on Saturday, January 9, 1779. The 
only reference to the fact of suicide is in a letter which his daughter 
wrote to her solicitor at the- time of her son's proving his title before 
taking his seat in the House of Lords. I have not seen the letter. Mr. 

(284) 



GIGHT. 121 

Prothero (Byron's Letters and Journal, i., 3) just states that Gordon 
committed suicide. I have searched all the available newspaper files 
in vain for any information on the point. The Bath Chronicle of Jan. 
14, 1779, recorded that 

On Saturday evening last [January 9] died here George Gordon, Esq. of Gight, 
in the county of Aberdeenshire, descended from an ancient family, and possessed of 
considerable estate. He was a gentleman of great probity, much esteemed by his 
acquaintance for the generosity and goodness of heart, and will be sincerely regretted 
by many to whom he was a warm friend and liberal benefactor. 

The Aberdeen Journal (of 25th Jan.) stated 

On Saturday, the gth curt., died at Bath, George Gordon, Esq. of Gight. It is 
hoped his friends will accept this as a sufficient notification of his death. 

He was buried "under Mr. Pierce's stone by the font," in Bath 
Abbey, Jan. 15, 1779 (Register of Bath Abbey, Harleian Society, {{.,465). 
Colonel Alexander Campbell was buried " in George Gordon's ground 
by the font," April 24, 1779. Had he committed suicide, would he 
have been buried in the abbey ? A tablet to Gordon, in the extreme 
south-east corner of the abbey, bears the inscription : 

GEORGE GORDON, ESQ. 

of Gight 

in the Shire of ABERDEEN 
Died g th of Jany. 1779. 

His widow survived him a few years. Her will was proved by 
her daughter, Catherine, before the Commissary of Aberdeen on January 
16 (" last "), and confirmed on Feb. 22, 1783, Thomas Innes of Rosie- 
burn and John Innes of Edingight being cautioners. The " relict of 
the deceased George Gordon " is returned as having died " upon the 
day of last ". 

The executrix [Catherine] gives up and acknowledges to be resting to the 
defunct as executrix nominated by the now deceased Miss Margaret Gordon, her 
daughter, conform to her last will and testament, dated Dec. i, 1779 . . . the 
principal sum of 1,500 sterling contained in the said deceased George Gordon of 
Gight his bond of provision to the said Miss Margaret Gordon, dated Aug. 24, 1776 
. . . : also another 1,500 contained in an additional bond of provision by the said 
George to the said Margaret, dated Dec. 19, 1777. 

The twelfth laird and his wife had three daughters 

1. CATHERINE, XIII. and last of Gight. 

2. MARGARET, born 1766 ; died at the Bristol Hot Baths, March 7, 1780 (Scots 

(285) 00 



122 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Magazine}. In her will, of which her sister Catherine was executrix, and 
which was confirmed Feb. 22, 1783 Thomas Innes of Rosieburn and 
John Innes of Edingight being the cautioners she is described as 
"youngest lawful daughter" of the deceased George Gordon of Gight. 
3. ABERCROMBY. The Aberdeen Journal of Feb. 3, 1777, records that "On 
Tuesday last, died at Banff, Miss Abercromby Gordon, youngest daughter 
of George Gordon, Esq. of Gight. Her relations and friends will please 
accept of this notification of her death." In the churchyard of Banff 
there is an inscription : " An affectionate and sorrowing parent places 
this memorial of his attachment upon the grave of a promising and 
beloved daughter, Abercromby Gordon, who in the bloom of life was cut 
off by a fever in Banff in January, 1777". 



CATHERINE GORDON (MRS. BYRON), XIII. AND LAST OF GIGHT. 
(Daughter of XII. : died 1811.) 

Catherine Gordon was the last of her line, and ended the first of 
the two branches of the Gordons who have held the lands of Gight. She 
became mistress of the estates on attaining her majority, for she was 
served heir to her father in September, 1785, by which date she had 
taken the very step to lose everything by marrying John Byron. Her 
whole life up to this point had been that of loss after loss. Her mother 
had died while she was a mere child. One sister died in 1777 ; her 
father died in 1779 ; her only other sister died in 1780. Her mother's 
trustees, General Abercromby and Thomas Innes, died respectively in 
1781 and 1784. Her maternal grandmother, Mrs. Innes, died in 1784, 
so that, by 1785, the Gight family had reduced itself to the young 
heiress, her paternal grandmother (nee Duff), and her aunt, Margaret 
Davidson. The heiress started her career (according to Moore) with 
3,000 in cash, two shares of the Aberdeen Banking Company, the 
estates of Gight and Monkshill, and the superiority of two salmon 
fishings on the Dee. She was " a stout, dumpy, coarse-looking woman, 
awkward in her movements, and provincial in her accent and manners " 
(Prothero's Byron), but "proud as Lucifer" (as her son said) "and 
very headstrong ". She considered herself quite a great personage, and 
her idea of her own superiority was doubtless increased by her having 
lived in " England," and figured among the beaux of Bath like a Society 

(286) 



GIGHT. 123 

lady. Bath proved her ruin, for it was there she met and married 
Captain Byron. The marriage register (as quoted in Peach's Historic 
Houses of Bath, 1886) runs as follows (although Cordy Jeaffreson, in the 
Real Lord Byron, 1883, declares that the marriage, which he describes 
as a sham elopement, took place in Scotland) : 

John Byron, Esquire, of the parish of St. Peter and St. Paul, in the city of 
Bath, a widower, and Catherine Gordon, of the parish of St. Michael, in the same 
city, spinster, were married in this church [St. Michael's, Bath] this thirteenth day 
of May, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five [May 13, 1785], 
me, John Chapman, Rector. 

This marriage was solemnized between us. 

[Signed] John Byron. 

Catherine Gordon 

In the presence of Sarah Hay [and Dr.] Alexander Hay. 

It is a curious fact that the bride was the third Catherine Gordon who 
had married an alien adventurer. Lady Catherine Gordon, the daughter 
of the second Earl of Huntly, married, in 1495, the French impostor, 
Perkin Warbeck ; while Lady Catherine Gordon, the daughter of the 
second Marquis of Huntly, married, about 1659, tne Polish traitor, 
Count Andreas Morsztyn. 

The Byron mating was almost incredible from every point of 
view, and, of course, it turned out impossible. Byron was notorious ; 
Catherine Gordon was a nonentity. Byron was handsome ; she was 
very plain. Byron was bankrupt ; she had a good balance at her 
bankers doubtless exaggerated by herself (unconsciously) and by the 
people of Bath (through ignorance). This, and this alone, may be 
taken as the reason of the marriage. Byron had borne down on Bath 
with the view of getting an heiress, for the 4,000 a year which he had 
enjoyed for five years lapsed in 1784 on the death of his first wife, the 
former Marchioness of Carmarthen. He found himself up to the ears 
in debt within a few months. 

Let me recall Byron's story briefly, familiar though it is. Captain 
John Byron was the eldest son of Admiral the Hon. John Byron (who was 
in turn the second son of the fourth Lord Byron), by Sophia Trevanion 
of Carhays, Cornwall (whose pedigree will be found in Burke's History 
of the Commoners, 1833, i., 253-5). The Byrons had become a bye-word. 
The fifth Lord (who was in Aberdeen as a captain in the Duke of 

( 2 8 7 ) 



124 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Kingston's Horse, March 20, 1745-6) made himself notorious by reason 
of his killing his kinsman, William Chaworth, in a duel, fought in a 
tavern in Pall Mall, in 1765. The Admiral (1723-1786) started life by 
being wrecked on the coast of Chili, in 1741 (he wrote a book about it) ; 
and, as a Don Juan of fifty summers, he again found himself on a danger- 
ous coast, for he set up an establishment in London for his wife's ex- 
maid (Town and Country Magazine, Dec., 1773). His handsome son, 
Captain John Byron, regarded him as an excellent model, for he ran 
away, in December, 1778, with the beautiful, but bored, Marchioness of 
Carmarthen, Baroness Conyers in her own right, and daughter-in-law 
of the 5th Duke of Leeds. The town rang with the scandal (see 
ibid., Jan., 1779, and Bon-Accord, August 19, 1898). Byron had the 
temerity to marry the lady, June, 1779. She bore him one child, the 
famous Augusta. She kept him in pocket-money, and departed this 
life, in France, Jan. 27, 1784, the victim of " consumption and his 
ill-usage ". 

At this crisis Catherine Gordon crossed his path. Whether he 
piqued her or petted her I do not know ; but the blase bankrupt man- 
about-town (aetat 30), with the memory of his beautiful Marchioness 
constantly before him (in the face of her daughter), went one day to 
St. Michael's, Bath, with the dumpy little " heiress " (who had a 
Scots accent), and the tragedy of her line reached a climax. A legend 
is related in the Memoirs of Robert Chambers (p. 287) about Catherine 
Gordon's marriage with Byron. In 1784 (the year in which Byron's 
first wife died) Miss Gordon, who was present at a performance in 
Edinburgh of Mrs. Siddons, as Isabella, in The Fatal Marriage, was 
" carried out of her box in hysterics, screaming loudly the words caught 
from the great actress, ' Oh, my Biron ! my Biron ! ' A strange tale 
was therewith connected. A gentleman, whom she had not at this 
time seen or heard of, the Honourable John Biron, next year met, 
paid his addresses, and married her. It was to her a fatal marriage 
in several respects, although it gave to the world the poet, Lord 
Byron." The marriage was not welcomed by Miss Gordon's relatives, 
especially her economical grandmother. It was tabooed even by her 
neighbours. Peter Buchan published in his collection of ballads (1828, 
p. 258) the following verses, which he says were " written by a Scottish 
bard who had been dissatisfied with the marriage of Miss Gordon " : 

(288) 



GIGHT. 125 



O, whare are ye gaein', bonny Miss Gordon ? 

O, whare are ye gaein', sae bonnie and braw ? 
Ye've married, ye've married wi' Johnny Byron, 

To squander the lands o' Gight awa. 

This youth is a rake, frae England he's come ; 

The Scots dinna ken his extraction ava ; 
He keeps up his misses, his landlord he duns ; 

That's fast drawin' the lands o' Gight awa. 

The shootin' o' guns, and rattlin' o' drums ; 

The bugle in woods, the pipes in the ha', 
The beagles a' howlin', the hounds a' growlin' 

These soundings will soon gar Gight gang awa'. 

A curious echo of the note of dismay which Captain Byron struck 
among the Aberdeenshire gentry has come down to us in the shape of 
a diary kept by Alexander Russell, Mrs. Byron's cousin, the son of the 
co-commissioner on her estates. In this document, now owned by his 
grandson, the present laird of Aden, Russell describes a visit he paid 
the Byrons in September, 1785, when he was seventeen. Russell was 
" much struck by the extravagance of the establishment, and much 
impressed by the descriptions of fashionable society given by Captain 
Byron ". No doubt the gallant captain entertained the lad of seventeen 
to an account of his own amours including his flight with Lady Car- 
marthen ; while the exploits of old Q., who was then the man-about- 
town, would be related. Boys, however, will be boys, for the laird of 
Aden tells us that his grandfather joined in " dancing the lands of Gight 
awa' " to the sound of the pipes in the " ha'," which scandalised the 
ballad writer, and gives a graphic account of these merry meetings : 

He was also greatly edified, and not a little shocked, by seeing a copy of a 
recently published work, called La Nouvelle Heloise, which he discovered on Captain 
Byron's table, and which in no way harmonised with Tillotson's sermons, which, to 
judge by previous entries in his diary, had been the young man's favourite reading. 
He also relates how greatly alarmed he was one Saturday night lest wild Captain 
Jack should dance on into the Sabbath. He therefore retired to bed at 11.30, but, to 
his great relief, the reels left off before the clock struck midnight. It would appear 
that Mrs. Byron and her young son paid frequent visits to her aunt and uncle at 
Aden. 

The Aberdeenshire "gentry " could not tolerate Byron (the clash- 
ing of his reckless temperament with their cautious outlook on life must 

(289) 



126 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



a 

O to 

& V 

o c 

StST 



s c 1 ^ 
SS* 



P 






,^. 



f Craig 







tnCQ 



s a 
P^ 



&T 



111 






(290) 



GIGHT. 127 

have been very comic), although he seems to have gone half way to 
meet them, by living at Gight and adopting his wife's name, by calling 
himself " John Byron Gordon ". Their repudiation of him was shown 
when he tried to vote in the Parliamentary election of February, 1786, 
when George Skene of Skene, backed by the Whig Duffs, offered him- 
self as member for Aberdeenshire against James Ferguson of Pitfour, 
the nominee of the Tory Gordons. Byron's vote was disallowed, 
although he put himself forward as " John Byron Gordon of Gight ". 
A squib of the period (reprinted in Davidson's Earldom of the Garioch) 
dismisses him thus : 

And there was an Englishman, married in haste 
To an heiress that suited him just to his taste ; 
Yet his right of attendance at court was not clear, 
So they sent him to dance it at home for a year. 

It is interesting to note that Lord George Gordon also tried to vote : 

There, too, was the Lord of the Protestant mob, 
Who came post a long way to assist at the job ; 
And yet, when he came, no assistance could grant, 
For no oath he would take but the old Covenant. 

Very soon after this Mrs. Byron suffered further degradation. 
Unlike her mother, her grandmother, and her great-grandmother, she 
had no marriage settlement which shows how little she had profited by 
the Duff strain in her ; and her husband's creditors fell upon her income. 
The stocking was very soon emptied. The Aberdeen Bank shares went 
for 600. The timber on the estate was cut down and sold, to the 
amount of 1,500. Monkshill was sold in 1787 to James Hay of 
Brigend, Lord Aberdeen's factor, bringing in (with the superiority of 
the Dee fishings) 480. Meantime 8,000 had been borrowed on the 
Gight estate, and it too had to go Byron and his wife having left it for 
good in the summer of 1786, when they went to Hampshire in the first 
instance, and then to Cowes (not to France, as Moore makes out). 

Some very interesting correspondence, dealing with the sale of 
Gight, was published (for the first time) by the Rev. Dr. Milne of 
Fyvie in the supplement to his parish magazine (February, March and 
April, 1886). In order to understand the nexus of the families involved 
in these disputes the table on the preceding page should be studied. 

(291) 



128 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

On July 15, 1785, Alexander Duthie wrote from Aberdeen to the 
laird of Aden as follows : 

Mr. Innes, Breda, has been in the country for some time, and I have not yet 
seen him since I got your last letter, but I know he has refused payment of a number 
of drafts upon him from Mr. Byron Gordon, which were returned protested. I 
suppose he had heard from the lady. For some days past a rumour has gone thorrow 
in the town that Capt. Byron and his lady were parted, which I am afraid is too 
true, for late last night Mr. Byron arrived here in a chaise and four without any other 
person. What has become of the lady I know not. He has not an acquaintance 
here, nor is he recommended to anybody. Mr. Innes is not in town. So what 
the Captain intends nobody knows. It is said he is going to Gight. 

On November 25, 1785, Duthie, who seemed to have been con- 
fidential agent of the Russell family, wrote to Russell : 

Mr. Innes [who came to Aberdeen on Nov. 24] says that Captain Byron had 
wrote to his father to see if he would advance money for paying off the debts of 
Gight upon an heritable security, to be granted by Captain Byron and his lady, but as 
yet they had got no return. Mr. Innes is going next week to Gight to se^if there is 
any return from the Admiral. If not, he proposes to take an heritable security in his 
own name for the debts of Gight, and to convoy it to some person who will lend the 
money. 

Captain Byron (writing from his mother's birthplace, Carhays, in 
Cornwall, on August 22, 1786) addressed the following remarkable 
letter to the co-commissioners of the Gight estate, namely Admiral 
Robert Duff (I. of Fetteresso, who died 1787), Mrs. Byron's grand-uncle, 
and Alexander Russell of Montcoffer, who had married her aunt (Eliza 
Innes) : 

Gentlemen, I received yours this instant, with your copy, and am perfectly 
satisfied with the determination, except in one respect, namely, the coach-horses 
going to Mr. Stewart, Mill of Arden, as Mrs. Byron Gordon is at S[outh] Warn- 
borough, a house I have taken in Hampshire, and I being obliged to be here on 
business, I can only give you my sentiments with regard to the bond Mr. Watson 
has signed, therefore the other two must be given up. With respect to the sale, I 
have wrote to Lord Aberdeen and Fyvie. When I get their answers I will send them 
to you with our resolutions. I think it is the best way to dispose of the Estate as 
soon as possible, as I see no end to the expense we may incur. 

I hope Mr. Duff, as soon as the money is got, will remit a certain sum to us, as 
we have been obliged to borrow of Mr. Hay, our factor, when we thought we should 
have been relieved by Mr. Duff on the 2Oth June, and I beg Mr. Duff will make out 
to the Commissioners the sums we are indebted to him, and that the produce of 
the bond may be sent immediately to me, and also the amount of the meal rent due, 
etc., may be sent us. I am, etc., etc., JOHN BYRON GORDON. 

(292) 



GIGHT. 129 

James Duff (fourth son of Alexander Duff, I. of Hatton), Sheriff- 
Clerk of Banffshire, who was Mrs. Byron's agent, communicated (on 
September 18, 1786) with Russell as follows : 

Dear Sir, Some posts ago I had a letter from Mr. Byron Gordon in answer to 
the one wrote when you was here, copy of which is subjoined ; to it I shall refer 
when I again hear from him as to the price I shall advise you. In the meantime I 
have wrote Mr. Hay, the factor, to get back the horses from Mr. Stewart. I have 
delayed the roup proposed, as Mr. Byron says nothing of it ; by this there can be 
no inconveniency. At last the proposed loan from Cairnbanno I think will take 
place, and as there is now no time to be lost it will be necessary for you to fix some 
day to be here next week when Mr. Abercrombie is ready to attend in order to 
finish the transaction, the papers being now all in my custody, and Mr. Byron's 
affairs require despatch, so in course will expect to hear from you. I am, Dear Sir, 
etc., etc., JAMES DUFF. 

As there is no regular post to you, [I] have sent this by express, so as to have 
time to advise the gentlemen the day you are to be here. 

On August 16 Mr. Russell got a letter from a Mrs. Clerk : 

I am sorry to hear from every quarter that the estate of Gight is to be sold for 
certain. I wish you and Mrs. Byron's friends could only get but 100 a year secured 
to her, but I will not meddle in it, for I have done all I can for her, poor unhappy 
creature ! 

Mrs. Byron, for her part, did not approach the Commissioners in 
the first instance. Doubtless she thought that she had put herself out of 
court by marrying the roue ; and yet she felt herself so much in his 
power, through her affections (the point is exceedingly interesting in 
a woman of her hard instincts), that she demanded protection against 
herself, as well as against her husband. She approached the Commis- 
sioners through her kinswoman, Miss lAquhart of Craigston, to whom 
she wrote from South Warnborough, on November 13, 1786, in this 
strain : 

It is by Admiral Duff and Mr. Russell of Montcoffer's advice that we sell the 
estate [of Gight]. You know they are the Commissioners, and if they act as my 
friends they should see that there is a proper settlement made upon me, the best 
that I could wish or expect would be ten thousand pounds ; and I would have that 
settled in such a manner that it would be out of Mr. Byron's power to spend, and 
out of my own power to give up to him, though I should wish to have the power oi 
spending it myself, or to leave it to any lady I pleased, though I am not sure if that 
could be done ; though if it could I should wish it. I suppose if that could not be 
done, it might be settled in such a manner that he could not spend it, and that I 
could not give it up to him, but that I might leave it to him if I was to die. I should 

(293) PP 



130 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

not wish to appear in it myself or that Mr. Byron should know that I wrote or spoke 
to any one on this subject, because if he did he would never forgive me, but I should 
wish it to be done without my appearing in it. Admiral Duff is certainly the best 
person, but I should wish that he would not mention me in it, but as if it came from 
himself, and as being my uncle, that he thought it his duty to demand and see 
properly settled upon me. For God's sake mention it to nobody but who is neces- 
sary, and I beg that your answer to this letter you will send under cover to my maid, 
Mrs. Bawn, at South Warnborough, near Hartford Bridge, Hampshire. I trust to 
youre friendship. 

This letter was duly communicated by Miss Urquhart to Admiral Duff. 
In order to reach his colleague (Russell) it was communicated by Miss 
Urquhart to Miss Helen Innes, who sent it to her brother-in-law, 
Russell. Miss Innes wrote (from Banff, November 30, 1786) : 

If anything could be done to secure her, you will be best judge what steps 
are proper, now that she sees the necessity of it herself. [Up to this point Mrs. 
Byron would seem to have repudiated the interference of her relatives.] lit will be an 
act of charity in her friends to do what they can for her. Miss Urquhart is desirous 
that it should not be mentioned to any person here, as you will see that it would not 
be proper that Mr. Byron should hear of it, and she has mentioned it to nobody but 
me. 

There was great difficulty in selling the estate ; Alexander Gordon 
of Letterfourie, who had married Alexander Russell's daughter Helen 
(by his first wife), was anxious to buy it. The estate was at last put up 
for sale on December 12, 1786, but was withdrawn. Mr. J. Buchan, 
W.S., offered 16,000. Gight was at last bought in 1787 for 17,850, 
by the third Earl of Aberdeen, for his son, Lord Haddo, the descendant 
of that Sir John Gordon of Kellie (or Haddo) who had lost his head for the 
very same cause which the Gight Gordons had followed with impunity. 
The prevalent idea that the family of Gight was pursued by an unlucky 
fate crystallised, as I have shown, in several " frets " was expressed 
at this period by a legend related by Moore, who repeats the gossip of 
a correspondent, to the effect that, shortly before the sale of Gight, a 
number of herons, which had nested for years in a wood on the banks 
of a large loch at Gight, called the Hagberry Pot, flew over to Haddo. 
When Lord Haddo was informed of this, he said : " Let the birds 
come, and do them no harm, for the land will soon follow ". The 
omniscient " Thomas the Rhymer " had prophesied that 

When the heron leaves the tree 
The laird o' Gight shall landless be. 

(294) 



G1GHT. 13f 



The evil fate did not end with the old Gight family, for Lord Haddo 
met his death on the " Green of Gight," by being thrown from his 
horse (October 2, 1791), leaving several children, including the future 
Premier (labelled by Byron "the travelled Thane, Athenian Aberdeen"), 
and the Hon. Sir Alexander Gordon, Wellington's A.D.C., who was 
killed at Waterloo. Haddo's death was believed to fulfil " Thomas the 
Rhymer's " prophecy : 

At Gight three men a violent death shall dee, 
And efter that the lands shall lie in lea, 

which was completed by a servant from the home farm being killed 
in a similar way. Mr. James Davidson (of the Scottish Employers' 
Liability and General Insurance Company) tells me that the prophecy 
was fulfilled in 1855 or X 856, when James Davidson, Bridge of Methlick 
(my informant's father), was commissioned to destroy the outhouses at 
Gight and turn the land into lea. A youth named Main, son of Francis 
Main, a " dyker," set about the work of demolition light-heartedly, with 
the remark : " Thomas the Rhymer made a mistak' for aince, for the 
place will be ca'ed doon withoot a third man bein' kilt ". He had no 
sooner said this than a wall fell and killed him. Mr. Davidson vividly 
remembers the washing of the blood-stained blankets in which young 
Main had been carried away. 

Mrs. Byron was not much better off even after the estate was sold. 
On Dec. 10, 1786, Mrs. Duff, the mother of Mary, whom Byron fell 
in love with and who married Robert Cockburn, wrote to Russell from 
Bath "with reference to our poor nieco," Mrs. Byron. She says that 
a joint letter had been written to Byron representing to him "the 
justice and necessity of securing 3,000 or 4,000 out of the estate of 
Gight for their joint lives, the principal to go to the survivor, the 
annuity not to be touched by the debts of either. To ask for more 
would have given Byron an excuse to grant nothing." Mrs. Byron 
saw nothing like the 10,000 which she wished to be settled on her. 
The whole proceeds of the sale, 17,850, were mopped up by her hus- 
band's creditors, except 1,122, which was required to pay her grand- 
mother (nee Duff) an annuity of 55 us. id., and 3,000 for herself, 
which was lent by the trustees to Mr. Carsewell of Rathillet, Fifeshire. 
It says much for Mrs. Byron's thrift that this capital sum, 4,122, 
was untouched during her remaining life of twenty-four years, for her 

( 2 95) 



132 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

son inherited it intact on her death, and by his will (dated I2th 
August, 1811) directed that it should be used to pay off certain legacies 
and debts. 

After the sale of Gight, Captain Byron and his wife seem to have 
gone to Chantilly, to escape the duns who had not yet been satisfied. 
Mrs. Byron was reported, in September, 1787 (Annals of Banff, i., 236), 
to be " big with bairn ". She returned to England about the close of 
1787, and, on January 22, 1788, she gave birth to the poet, at 22 Holies 
Street, off Oxford Street, London. The house, which used to be marked 
by a metal medallion, was pulled down years ago, and the site is now 
occupied by the huge drapery establishment of John Lewis & Co., 
whose business notepaper bears a bust of Byron, and who have erected 
in a niche in the wall a statue to mark the site of the historic spot. 

The birth seems to have reconciled Mrs. Byron to tar family, for 
Mr. Duff of Fetteresso and the Duke of Gordon (Jane Maxwell's hus- 
band) whose line she despised, ignorantly supposing her own to be 
descended from the real Gordons were the godfathers. As a specimen 
of the confusion in Byron biography, I may note that R. C. Dallas 
declares that the poet was born at Dover ; while Sir Cosmo Gordon 
goes the length of saying that the event occurred at Gight. Shortly 
before the boy's birth Mrs. Byron sent her step-daughter, the six-year- 
old Augusta, to the child's grandmother, the Dowager Lady Holdernesse. 

Mrs. Byron, probably to gratify her relatives, and also for the sake 
of economy, took up her residence, in 1790, at Aberdeen, which she made 
her headquarters for the next eight years. But for her son's succeeding 
to the baronage of Byron (in 1798) she might have lived and died in 
Aberdeen, and Byron's genius might have been choked in consequence. 
She lived at different periods in Virginia Street (apparently with a Mrs. 
Cruickshank, " on the shore," to whom she wished a letter addressed 
to her in January, 1791) ; in two different houses in Queen Street, and 
at 64 Broad Street, which was demolished in 1901. The last is her 
best known residence. This house kept up the traditions of literature 
by sheltering Dr. John Mackintosh, the author of the History of Civi- 
lisation in Scotland. She sometimes spent her summer holiday in a 
little cottage off the South Stocket Road, called Honeybrae, which has 
been demolished to make way for the voracious villa (Aberdeen Free 
Press of July 26 and September 4, 1898, and Evening Express, January 

(296) 



GIGHT. 133 



19, 1899). Mr. George Walker (author of Aberdeen A wa') learned this 
fact from a Mrs. Black (who was Mrs. Byron's servant) or her son. Mrs. 
Black, who was a member of the George Street U.P. Church, died in 
the forties. The west room of the first floor of the villa used to be 
pointed out as the room occupied by Byron. It has been said that Villa 
Franca, in the South Stocket Road district, was the house in which 
Byron stayed. As the house had at that time been recently built by 
old Peacock, the dancing master, for his own residence, it is unlikely 
that he would have let it for summer lodgings. Mrs. Byron's grand- 
mother seems to have forgiven her, for Byron and his mother visited 
(on one occasion at least) the veteran dowager (nee Duff) at Banff. 
Some illustrated articles by Rev. W. Rogerson on Byron's connection 
with Aberdeen were given in Bon- Accord, May 8- July 10, 1902. 

Her husband continued to worry her till his death (by suicide ?) at 
Valenciennes, on August 2, 1791, aged thirty-six. Moore declares that 
he paid her two visits at Aberdeen, apparently with the object of getting 
money out of her. The fear of herself, which she had expressed to 
Miss Urquhart five years before, proved too true, for, though she had 
been ruined by the Captain, she gave him more than she could spare, 
and got 300 into debt. The interest on this debt reduced her income 
to 135 a year, and it was not until the jointure of 1,122 fell to her 
(by her grandmother, the dowager's, death, in 1801) that she was able 
to clear her feet. It was probably one of her husband's visits that 
made her write, from Aberdeen, the follo-ving piteous letter to her uncle, 
Alexander Russell of Montcoffer, on January 24, 1791. As quoted by 
Dr. Milne, the letter runs thus : 

Dear Sir, I wrote to your son some time ago about some business, which I 
suppose he has told you of. I wrote Mr. Duff at the same time, and I meant to have 
wrote to yourself, but, as Mr. Russel was at Fetteresso, I wrote to him. They both 
called on me, and your son said he did not think you would have any objection to 
do what I requested of you. I said I would write to you, but he said that was not 
necessary, as he would tell you of it, and as I have heard nothing to the contrary you 
will have no objection to sign the enclosed paper; it will be doing me a very 
particular favour, and I will feel very grateful for it. I am in great want of the 
money. The paper is this: Lord Aberdeen to advance me a hundred pounds at 
present out of the twelve hundred pounds settled on me at Lady Gight's death, but 
in case both me and Mr. Byron should die before my grandmother, he will not lend 
the money without the trustees guarantee any conveyance of mine, or Mr. Byron by 

(297) 



134 HOUSE OF GORDOM. 

a formal deed, which is the same thing as becoming bound for the money. I really 
do not perfectly understand the settlement, but I believe if Mr. Byron or myself 
was to die before Lady Gight, my son when he came of age, if he was to insist on it? 
could make them pay him the money, but I am not certain. But as the sum is only 
100, Mr. Duff, Fetteresso, has signed the paper, and Mr. Watson and Mr. Clark at 
Edinburgh have agreed to sign it when it is signed by you and Mr. Duff. Indeed, 
Mr. Watson seemed to wish your son also to sign it, but in that he may do as he 
pleases. The paper is made out by Dr. Thorn, who was in possession of all my 
papers, and made it out accordingly. Therefore I hope you will have no objection 
to sign it when the rest have agreed, as it is only for 100, and there is four of you, 
and it is only running the risk of 25 in case Mr. Byron and me was to die before 
Lady Gight. If I was not in great want of the money I would not ask it, and it 
would be doing me a great favour. I beg you would return it as soon as possible. I 
hope all your family are well. I beg to be kindly remembered to my aunt. I hope 
she is pretty well in her health, and believe me, dear sir, your affectionate niece, 

C. BYRON GORDON. 

Mrs. Byron spent the summer holidays in 1795, 1796, 1797 and pos- 
sibly 1798 with her son in the house of James Robertson at Ballaterich 
(Michie's Records of Invercauld, pp. 166, 391). She left Aberdeen in 1798, 
on her boy's succeeding to the title, and never came north again, so far 
as I know. Her life in England, spent mainly at Newstead during the 
next thirteen years, is too well known to be recapitulated here. But, 
as typical of her temperament, I may quote a letter (see Prothero's 
Byron) she wrote to one of her neighbours at Newstead, in September, 
1809, as it recalls the violent boundary disputes which her ancestors 
had carried on with one another at the point of the sword. I retain her 
italics. 

Sir, I must insist on your confining yourself to your own premises, or at least 
not coming on Lord Byron's Manor to hunt and commit trespasses, which you have 
been so long in the habit of doing that you now, I suppose, fancy you have a right to 
do so ; but I am fully determined to convince you to the contrary. Pray, Sir, do you 
suppose that I will remain here and tamely submit to every insttlt from you ? If you 
think so you will find yourself extremely mistaken. 

I cannot send out my Keeper but he must be abused by you on Lord Byron's 
own Manor. You presume on his absence to insult a Woman and assault an Old Man ; 
that is, you insult his Mother, and injure the Property, attack the Persons and 
threaten the Lives of his Servants. In short, your language is unbecoming, and 
your behaviour totally unworthy, a Gentleman. To a man of courage these are 
harsh truths, but they are truths nevertheless. 

I will now take the trouble to inform you that Lord Byron's Tenants shall be 
no longer annoyed by you with impunity, but that a prosecution will be immediately 

(298) 



GIGHT. 135 

instituted against you for divers trespasses and one assault. You are surely not so 
ignorant as not to know that breaking down fences and riding through fields of 
standing corn with your Hounds are unjustifiable, arbitrary, and oppressive acts, and 
will not be submitted to in a free country, even if you was the first Man in it. I will 
not suffer my Keeper to be abused or interrupted in the execution of his duty, and 
he has my positive orders to use every possible means to destroy the Foxes. Lord 
Grey de Ruthyn's poaching and these abundant, noxious Animals have nearly de- 
prived this once excellent Manor of game, and the Woods on this estate shall not 
continue to be a Depot for your vermine, and I'm determined to extirpate the breed 
here, and to suffer so great a nuisance no longer. If the breed of Fox-hunters could 
be as easily got rid of, the benefit to society in general would be great. No earths 
shall be stopt on Newstead, as I shall encourage neither Foxes nor their Hunters on 
these premises. 

I understand the earths have been stopt, and whoever shall be found at that 
work shall have sufficient cause to regret it, and care shall be taken to watch for 
them. I remain, Sir, etc., etc., 

C. G. BYRON. 

Mrs. Byron died at Newstead on August i, 1811. Moore says she 
succumbed to " a fit of rage, brought on by reading over an upholsterer's 
bill " so that she died as she had lived. A few days before her death 
(July 23, 1811) Byron had written to her : " You will consider New- 
stead as your house, not mine: I'm only a visitor". She was taken 
ill so suddenly that Byron, who was living in London, did not reach 
Newstead in time to see her die. He was very much affected by her 
death. " Thank God," he wrote one of his friends, " her last moments 
were most tranquil. I am told she was in little pain, and not aware of 
her situation. I now feel the truth of Mr. Gray's observation : ' That 
we can only have one mother '. Peace be with her." Moore relates 
that 

On the night after his arrival at Newstead, Mrs. Byron's maid, on passing the 
room where the body lay, heard a heavy sigh from within. On entering the room 
she found Byron sitting in the dark by the bed. When she spoke to him he burst 
into tears, and exclaimed : " Oh, Mrs. By ! I had but one friend in the world, and 
she is gone ! " On the day of the funeral he refused to follow the corpse to the 
grave, but watched the procession move away from the door of Newstead : then 
turning to Rushton, bade him bring the gloves, and began his usual sparring exercise. 
Only his silence, abstraction, and unusual violence betrayed to his antagonist the 
state of his feelings. 

Mrs. Byron was buried in the vault in the chancel of Hucknall 
Torkard Church, Notts, where Byron and his daughter lie. The 

(299) 



136 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

chancel door opens directly on the slab which covers the Byron vault, 
and over its lintel is a mural tablet to the memory of the Countess 
of Lovelace, " Ada, sole daughter of my house and heart," whose coffin 
is beneath. A plain marble slab let into the wall, nearer to the com- 
munion slab, marks the site of Byron's grave. There is also a slab 
of rosso-antico marble let into the pavement immediately above the spot 
where the body of Lord Byron lies. In the vestry there hangs a small 
escutcheon little more than a foot square, painted on silk, and bearing 
on the reverse the following inscription : 

The Honourable Cath. Gordon Byron of Gight, ^ 

Mother of Geo. Lord Byron, 
And lineal descendant of the Earl of Huntley, 

And Lady Jane Stuart, 

Daughter of King James the First of Scotland, 

Died in the 4&th year of her age, 

August ist, 1811. 

Mr. Charles B. Doran, writing to the Pall Mall Gazette many years 
ago, remarked : 

This magniloquence and pride of birth, lofty enough to befit a mausoleum, con- 
trasts painfully with the poverty of the material on which it is presented to the eye. 
The silk is dingy, tattered and faded, falling away from the sides of the wooden 
frame to which it is stitched, and the inscription, which is on ordinary cardboard, 
in rude letters, as if drawn by a careless schoolboy, with only a miserable attempt 
at colouring, is fast becoming illegible. The contrast between the pride of long 
descent in the inscription, and the poverty perceptible in the decayed scrap of silk 
and ragged bit of pasteboard, is painful in the extreme. 

The Rev. J. E. Phillips, the vicar of the church, tells me that the 
escutcheon " is in a good state of preservation, and is in a handsome 
frame ". I venture, however, to think that its former decay was more 
symbolic of Mrs. Byron's sad life. 

Byron drafted a will on August 12, 1811, in consequence of his 
mother's death, by which he decreed that the 4,200 which came to 
him (through his mother) from the sale of Gight, four and twenty years 
previously, should be used to pay legacies and debts. 

What was Byron's attitude to his mother ? The question is very 
difficult to answer, for his own letters are as contradictory as the stories 
of his biographers. For instance, Rogers, in his Table Talk, gives two 
versions in these stories : 

(300) 



GIGHT. 137 

(1) A lady, resident in Aberdeen, told me that she used to sit in a pew in St. 
Paul's Chapel in that town, next to Mrs. Byron's, and that one morning she observed 
the poet (then seven or eight years old) amusing himself by disturbing his mother s 
devotions : he every now and again gently pricked with a pin the large round arms 
of Mrs. Byron, which were covered with white kid gloves. 

(2) Professor Stuart, of the Marischal College, Aberdeen, mentioned to me the 
following proof of Byron's fondness for his mother : Georgy, and some other little 
boys, were one day allowed, much to their delight, to assist at a gathering of apples 
in the Professor's garden, and were rewarded for their labours with some of the 
fruit. Georgy, having received his portion of apples, immediately disappeared, and 
on his return, after barely an hour's absence, to the query where he had been, he 
replied that he had been "carrying some apples to his poor dear mother". 

One of Byron's schoolfellows contributed an impression of the pair 
to the ramshackle Appreciation of Byron written by Sir Cosmo Gordon 
in 1824, as follows : 

[Mrs. Byron] was a lady of very staid and sober habits. Her face was comely, 
and her air that of a lady, but her stature was diminutive, and she was too much 
en ban point for being accounted handsome. Notwithstanding, her son was all to 
her : she was all to her son : and the attentions which the mother showed to her 
son were more than repaid by the fondness which the son evinced for the mother. 

Byron himself has described her thus : 

My mother was as haughty as Lucifer, with her descent from the Stuarts and 
her line from the old Gordons not the Seyton Gordons, as she disdainfully termed 
, the ducal branch [of course she was quite wrong]. She told me the story, always 
reminding me how superior her Gordons were to the southern Byrons, notwithstand- 
ing our Norman and always masculine descent. 

He treated her with dignity, for he always addressed her on letters 
as the " Hon. Mrs. Byron," although, of course, she had no claim to 
the epithet (see the long series from 1808 to 1811, quoted in R. C. 
Dallas's Life of Byron, i., 77-121, and ii., 1-31). Beaconsfield sketched 
Mrs. Byron under the name of Mrs. Cadurcis in Venetia, published 
in 1837. ^ e gives a lurid picture of the lady : 

Mrs. Cadurcis, since she was a widow, has lived in strict seclusion with her 
little boy. But I am afraid she has not been in the habit of dining as well as we 
have to-day. A very limited income. . . . [She was] a short and very stout woman 
with a rubicund countenance, and dressed in a style which remarkably blended the 
shabby with the tawdry. ... Mrs. Cadurcis was a great workwoman . . . not able 
to walk for any length of time. . . . Puffing, panting and perspiring, now directing 
her waiting woman, and now ineffectually attempting to box her son's ears, Mrs. 
Cadurcis indeed offered a most ridiculous spectacle. "Take that, you brat,'' shrieked 

QQ 



138 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

the mother [when Lord Cadurcis mimicked her], and she struck her own hand 
against the doorway. . . . Mrs. Cadurcis threw the cage at her son's head. . . . Mrs. 
Cadurcis went into an hysterical rage : then suddenly jumping up, she rushed at her 
son. . . . Mrs. Cadurcis remained alone in a savage sulk. . . . [There was] a renewed 
burst of hysterics from Mrs. Cadurcis, so wild and terrible, that they must have been 
contagious to any female of less disciplined emotions than her guest. [She suc- 
cumbed to] the most violent epileptic fits (chaps, i.-xvii.). 

The latest investigator of Byron's "degeneracy" is an American 
professor, Dr. James G. Kiernan, who contributed a series of articles on 
Byron to the Alienist and Neurologist (reprinted in the defunct London 
Humanitarian, 1899). He sees degeneracy in Mrs. Byron's " predilec- 
tion for quacks " (who tortured her boy f s lame foot), and in her 
" premature obesity ". Dr. Kiernan, coming to the subject with the 
microscopic eye of the specialist, which sees " stigmata " everywhere, 
mentions her father's suicide, and adds, on what authority I know 
not, that "other members of the family were suicides". He sums up 
Mrs. Byron thus : 

Mrs. Gordon was a woman of very unbalanced temperament. At the theatre 
in Edinburgh she went into convulsions, shrieking about her love to "Mad Jack'' 
[Byron] on seeing Mrs. Siddons as Juliet. She half-worshipped, half-hated, her 
blackguard husband, and fell into grand hysteria at his death. Her mental defects 
were the theme of comment by the poet's schoolfellows. " Your mother's a fool," 
said a schoolboy to Byron. "I know it," was his curt reply, followed by an ominous 
silence. A mqre exasperating mother for a sensitive, passionate child cannot be 
imagined than this vehement, undisciplined woman, who had fits of ill-temper hourly, 
and who rarely passed a week without a wild outbreak of hysteric rage. Lavish of 
kisses to the child when good-humoured, she was lavish of blows when he incurred 
her capricious displeasure. In a later stage of his infancy, instead of fearing, he 
hated her. Once, after pouring coarse abuse and profanity upon him, she called him 
a "lame brat". At this the glare came from the child's eyes that so often flashed 
from them in after-time. Whilst his lips quivered and his face whitened from the 
force of feeling never to be forgotten, he was silent, and then said, with icy coldness, 
" I was born so, mother," and he turned away from the woman who dared not follow 
him. The scene was in the poet's mind when he told the Marquis of Sligo that it 
was impossible for him to love Mrs. Byron as a son ought to love a widowed mother. 
The scene was still in his mind when, three years before his death, he wrote the first 
words of The Deformed Transformed 

Bertha : Out, Hunchback ! 

Arnold : I was born so, mother. 

[Mrs. Byron's] features had that exaggeration of the Scotch type which constitutes 
arrest of facial development. She was by no means devoid of the shrewdness and 

(302) 



GIGHT. 139 

ordinary intelligence of inferior femininity. She was capable of generous impulses to 
the persons whom, in her frequent fits of uncontrollable fury, she would assail with 
unwomanly violence. Mrs. Byron's early education was remarkably neglected at a 
time when Scottish young ladies of her station were exceedingly well educated, and 
the contrast between them and the women of the lower class [whom Dr. Kiernan 
says Mrs. Byron " reached "] was enormous. She found that her husband, to whom 
she had sacrificed her fortune, was the meanest kind of a profligate, who' did not 
hesitate to leave her practically penniless, burdened with her own infant and the 
daughter [Augusta] of [his] first wife [Lady Carmarthen], whom she seems to have 
treated with all the kindness possible to an ill-regulated nature. 

Dr. Kiernan, of course, may be exaggerating Mrs. Byron's in- 
capacities ; but, to my mind, there can be no doubt that she came of 
an utterly impossible race, and came at the fag end of it, when mere 
ebulliency of spirit had passed into a form of actual insanity on the 
one hand (as illustrated by her father), and of enfeebled physique on 
the other (as shown by the rapid decay of the family). The biographers 
of Byron (few of them Scots by the way) have, in the absence of the 
necessary genealogical knowledge, sketched Mrs. Byron's family by 
starting and guessing from her backwards. I have reversed the pro- 
cess, and the two results are identical. A crude engraving of Captain 
Byron's bust is given in the Town and County Magazine of 1779, and 
Mr. R. E. Prothero tells me that a Mr. Hemmell, who resides in 
London, owns another portrait. Mrs. Byron's portrait, painted by 
Thomas Stewartson in 1806, is in the possession of Mr. John Murray, 
of Albemarle Street, and is reproduced by photogravure in Mr. Pro- 
thero's edition of Byron's Letters and Journals (i., 194). 



GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON. 

Aberdeen has never produced a really great poet (a writer in the 
Scots Observer once hinted it never would) ; but it has made the most of 
its share of half of one, by creating a great saga round Lord Byron. 
Born January 22, 1788, in Holies Street, London, Byron spent only 
eight years (1790-8) of his life in Aberdeen and the north, but into that 
brief and boyish period many legends and some passions (the possession 
of which at such an age only proves Byron the more degenerate) have 
been laboriously packed. This is not the place to biograph Byron ; but 
I must indicate the sources of information on his life in Aberdeen. 

(303) 



140 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

The influence of Aberdeen on Byron (besides that of his mother, 
which I have already dealt with) lasted until 1801, when (as a boy of 
thirteen) he left the school at Dulwich taught by Dr. William Glennie 
(born 1761), who was an Aberdonian, the son of Rev. John Glennie, 
D.D., minister of Maryculter, and brother of Dr. George Glennie, 
Professor of Moral Philosophy, Marischal College. Byron had two 
Aberdonians, the sisters Agnes and Mary Gray, for his nurses. Moore 
has drawn them in bright colours. When Agnes Gray married Alex- 
ander Melvin of Aberdeen, Mrs. Byron was present at the christening 
of her first-born, who was called George Byron Melvin. Byron gave 
him a gold watch, which passed to the child's brother (Alexander 
Melvin), and from him to his aunt, Mary Gray, who gave it to Dr. 
Ewing of Aberdeen. It is now in the possession of the widow of Major 
Ewing, the doctor's son, who lives at Taunton, and reproduction of the 
back and front of it were given in the English Illustrated Magazine (1897), 
along with reproduction of the younger Kay's portrait of Byron (at the 
age of seven), equipped as an archer. Byron is said to have stayed for 
a time with Agnes Gray (Mrs. Melvin) at 177 Barren Street, Woodside, 
which was known as " Byron's Hall " (see Morgan's Annals of Woodside, 
pp. 105-6). Mary Gray was in attendance on Byron at Nottingham in 
1799. (An article on his stay at Nottingham, by Mr. J. A. Hammerton, 
appeared in The Sketch of September 22, 1897.) Moore has presented the 
Grays as being very kind to Byron, but Hanson (quoted in Prothero's 
Byron, i., 10) gives a very different story. Writing to Mrs. Byron on 
September, 1799, Hanson says : 

Her [Mary Gray's] conduct to your son was shocking. It was the general topic 
of conversation at Nottingham. Byron told me that she was perpetually beating 
him, and that his bones sometimes ached from it ; that she brought all sorts of com- 
pany of the very lowest description into his apartments ; that she was out late at 
night ; and he was frequently left to put himself to bed ; that she would take the 
chaise boys into the chaise with her, and stopped at every little alehouse to drink 
with them. But, madam, this is not all ; she has even traduced yourself. 

The Aberdeen period of Byron's life has been fully dealt with by 
Moore (who is generally the only authority quoted by north country 
writers). Byron's boyhood in Aberdeen was described at length in 
Harper's Magazine (August, 1891), by Dr. Garden Blaikie (who told 
me that his article was very much cut down), and by Mr. Prothero in 
the Nineteenth Century, 1898. Dr. Blaikie says : 

(304) 



GIGHT. 14! 

[At the age of five Byron was sent to the school of " Bodsy " Bower, in Longacre, 
the schoolroom being] a room like a wareroom, perhaps 25 or 30 feet long, low in the 
ceiling, with three or four small windows, ill-glazed and ill-cleaned, the walls and 
roof begrimed with dust, the rough, unwashed floor worn here and there into holes, 
suggesting excellent quarters for the rats below. 

Altogether, the school was so uncongenial that his mother took Byron 
away, and engaged private tutors, two of whom became ministers of 
the Church of Scotland. Mr. Ross was a man of mature years, and 
Byron says : " Under him I made astonishing progress, and I recollect 
to this day his mild manners and good-natured painstaking ". Of his 
other tutor, afterwards Rev. Dr. Joseph Paterson, Montrose, who died 
in 1865, at the age of ninety-two, Byron says : 

Afterward I had a very serious, saturnine, but kind young man, named Pater- 
son, for a tutor. He was the son of my shoemaker, but a good scholar, as is common 
with the Scotch. He was a rigid Presbyterian also. 

Dr. Blaikie forgot to mention that David Grant, the compiler of The 
Beauties of Modern British Poetry, was one of Byron's tutors. He after- 
wards had a side school at Buffle, and used to boast to my maternal 
grandfather, Andrew Malcolm, M.A., schoolmaster of Cushnie, that he 
had taught Byron. 

Byron ended his school experience at Aberdeen as a pupil at the 
Grammar School, then in the Schoolhill. The best description of his 
schooldays is that which was written by Mr. Morland Simpson for The 
Sketch (June 22, 1898), where facsimiles of two pages of the register, 
with his name inscribed, " Geo. Bayron Gordon" superinscribed, 
" Dom. de Byron" were reproduced. The school registers show his 
name entered quarterly, from January 29, 1796, to the quarter which 
began (or ended) on June 18, 1798 (his granduncle, whom he succeeded 
in the peerage, died May 19, 1798). On January 29, 1796, he was in 
the second class. But Dr. Blaikie declared (Harper's Magazine) that 
Byron entered the school in November, 1794, along with Dr. Blaikie's 
father. I think that is probable, for he would have entered the first 
class (the registers before 1796 have not been preserved, if they ever 
existed). The last survivor of this class was Charles Winchester, 
advocate. I may note that Winchester was distinctly literary. In 1802 
he was writing most of the articles in the Intruder, a penny-halfpenny 
octavo, issued by J. Burnett, Aberdeen, which at least reached a twenty- 

(305) 



142 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

sixth number. Winchester also translated the memoirs of that bom- 
bastic Jacobite, the Chevalier Johnstone. Another contemporary of 
Byron at the Grammar School, though not in the same class, was 
William Knight, afterwards Professor of Natural Philosophy in 
Marischal College (1822-44). He used to relate that Byron, who was 
his junior by two years, once tore his jacket, and was recompensed by 
a sound thrashing (Alma Mater, vi., 96). 

Dr. Glennie's school at Dulwich, which Byron attended (1799-1801), 
is fully described in Harnett Blanch's History of Camberwell (pp. 388-92). 
Byron thought it a " damned place ". On going to Harrow he made a 
companion of Charles David Gordon (died 1826), son of David Gordon, 
XIV. of Abergeldie. Two letters he wrote to Gordon (August 4 and 
14, 1805) are quoted by Prothero (Letters of Lord Byron, i., 6g.and 77). 
In one of them he says : 

I recollect passing near Abergeldie on an excursion through the Highlands ; it 
was at that time a most lovely place. I suppose you will soon have a view of the 
eternal snows that summit the top of Lachin-y-Gair, which towers so magnificently 
above the rest of our Northern Alps. I still remember with pleasure the admiration 
which filled my mind when I first beheld it, and, further on, the dark, frowning moun- 
tains which rise near Invercauld, together with the romantic rocks that overshadow 
Mar Lodge. 

Rev. J. G. Michie (Records of Invercauld, p. 389) is responsible for 
the statement, which is new, that Byron visited Invercauld in the 
autumn of 1803. A ghillie told Mr. Michie that 

His lordship rested often and looked at the scenery. He was very quiet, and 
did not often speak to me. When we began to climb the crags of Loch-an-uan, I 
thought he would not be able to scramble up, for he was rather lame, and I offered 
to assist him, but he would not have any help from me. When we got to the top he 
sat a long time on the edge of the rocks looking about him, but seldom asked me 
any question. 

Byron was then a boy of fifteen and a half, and was much more likely 
to have been struck with the glories of " dark Lochnagar " than he 
could possibly have been on his earlier visits as a boy of nine or ten. 

Apropos of Byron's famous verses, I may note that a poem, in pretty 
much the same measure, appeared in the Aberdeen Magazine of October, 
1798. The first verse runs thus : 

(306) 



GIGHT. 143 

Ye hills and high mountains surrounding Mount Battock, 
Ye groves and bright fountains, ye surely can tell 
How sportive and merry, my ewes, I've been with you, 
How now I must bid thee, sweet mountains, Farewell : 
I drove from the cot to the hill where I tended 
My ewes, and my lambs from the wolf I defended. 
The charms of sweet Nature my pleasure so blended 
I sang like a lark in the Glen of Lochlee. 

The verses were said to be the work of a "young shepherdess, whose 
images were drawn from the bleatings of her flock, the story of the 
skylark, and the wild flowers blooming in her native vale ". Byron 
was living at Ballaterich in the summers of 1795-1797 and possibly 1798, 
and is said to have been courting Mary Robertson, his host's daughter. 
Is it possible that he wrote the verses, figuring as a " young shep- 
herdess " ? He was just nine at the time. 

It is interesting to remember that Robert Louis Stevenson found 
a great inspiration within sight of " dark Lochnagar," for, as he wrote 
(McClure's Magazine, September, 1894), it was while recruiting in "Miss 
Macgregor's Cottage," Braemar, that he "ticketed" his performance 
Treasure Island. 

There was a schoolboy [staying at the same time in Miss Macgregor's cottage]. 
He had no thought of literature : it was the art of Raphael that received his fleeting 
suffrages, and with the aid of pen and ink and a shilling box of water colours, he had 
soon turned one of the rooms into a picture gallery. My more immediate duty 
towards the gallery was to be showman : but I would sometimes unbend a little, join 
the artist (so to speak) at the easel, and pass the afternoon with him in a generous 
emulation, making coloured drawings. On one of these occasions I made the map 
of an island : it was elaborately and (I thought) beautifully coloured: the shape of it 
took my fancy beyond expression : it contained harbours that pleased me like sonnets : 
and, with the consciousness of the predestined, I ticketed my performance "Treasure 
Island ". 

I have already referred to the elaborate compilation of notices of 
Byron's residence in Banff in Dr. Cramond's Annals. A photograph of 
the pear tree in the garden of the old manse, which Byron is said to 
have robbed, has been taken by Rae of Banff, and was reproduced in 
The Sketch (April 13, 1898). 

Byron has been credited with at least two amazing love affairs 
while he was in Aberdeen. Patrick Morgan (in the Annals of Woodside, 
p. 105) mentions an incredible affair he had with a Woodside girl, 

(307) 



144 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

" Lexy " Campbell. As Byron was only nine years old at the time it 
is inconceivable that "poor 'Lexy'" should have "lost caste by this 
affair," as Morgan declared, and if her subsequent career was " unfor- 
tunate," Byron was surely not responsible. Byron himself and Moore 
told the extraordinary story of his "passion " for his kinswoman, Mary 
Duff, of the Hatton family. Like many points in Byron's career, the 
identity of Mary is in dispute. The late Mr. R. W. Duff of Fetteresso 
declared she was a Duff. Rev. J. G. Michie (Records of Invercauld, p. 391) 
says she was Mary Robertson, the daughter of James Robertson of 
Ballaterich, with whom Byron lodged in the summers of 1795, 1796, 1797 
and possibly of 1798. The girl was Byron's senior by six years. A good 
summary of the controversy was contributed by Mr. Robert Anderson to 
Scottish Notes and Queries (December, 1892), and is re-stated i^Mr. A. I. 
McConnochie's book, The Royal Dee (pp. 103-4). Mr. Michie (Records 
of Invercauld, pp. 389-95) goes over the ground elaborately. The 
"box" bed in which Byron slept at Ballaterich now serves as a cheese 
press at Dee Castle, a short distance to the east of the Robertsons' 
cottage. Mary Robertson married an excise officer, and died in Aber- 
deen in 1867 ; while Mary Duff married the excise officer's raison d'etre, 
a wine merchant, Robert Cockburn, by whom she had four sons. Her 
portrait, taken after death (a somewhat gruesome sight), was reproduced 
in Scottish Notes and Queries (December, 1892). Dr. Blaikie suggested 
that Byron may have been in love with two Marys at once. The idea 
is at least permissible in the great Byron saga. 

Aberdeen is at this moment attempting to equip its strangely un- 
statued streets with a statue of Byron ; but the movement has been 
attended by some extraordinary difficulties. Aberdeen has always 
assumed a curiously half proud, half shame-faced, allegiance to Byron. 
For instance, it was Dr. Alexander Kilgour (died 1874) wno compiled a 
very frank (and anonymous) biography of Byron, under the title : 

Lord Byron, from authentic sources, with remarks illustrative of his connection with 
the principal literary characters of the present day. " Dead scandals form good subjects 
for dissection." Don Juan. London : Knight & Lacy, Paternoster Row ; Aberdeen : 
W. Gordon, A. Stevenson, D. Wyllie, and L. Smith, 1825. [Printed by William 
Aitken : pp. xvi., 207.] 

The preface to the volume contains a few rather unreliable statements 
as to Byron's family history, and a few anecdotes about his residence in 
Aberdeen. But nothing is extenuated. 

(308) 



GIGHT. 145 

Byron has six descendants still living (September, 1902). By his 
marriage (in 1815) with Anne Isabella (1792-1860), daughter of Admiral 
Sir Ralph Milbanke, sixth baronet (in 1856 she became entitled to the 
Barony of Wentworth by the death of her cousin the third- Baron 
Scarsdale), he had an only child 

HON. ADA AUGUSTA NOEL, born December 10, 1815, in Piccadilly Terrace, 
London. She married, on July 8, 1835 (as his first wife), William King, 
eighth Lord King, Baron of Ockham. He was created Viscount Ockham 
and Earl of Lovelace in 1840, and took the additional name of Noel in 
1860. He died, Dec. 29, 1893. She died, November 27, 1852, and was 
buried beside her father at Hucknall, Notts. She had: 

(1) HON. BYRON NOEL KING, Viscount Ockham. He was born, May 12, 

1836, and succeeded to the peerage as Baron Wentworth, on the 
death of his grandmother (Lady Byron), in 1860. He died un- 
married, September i, 1862. 

(2) RALPH GORDON KING-MILBANKE, the second and present Earl of 

Lovelace, born July 2, 1839. He succeeded his brother in 1862, 
and his father in 1893. Lord Lovelace assisted in editing the 
new edition of Byron issued by Mr. Murray. He married (i) in 
1869 Fannie (died 1878), daughter of Rev. George Heriot; and (2) 
on December 30, 1880, Mary Caroline, daughter of the Right Hon. 
James Stuart-Wortley (son of the first Baron Wharncliffe . by 
whom he has no issue. His half-brother (Lionel) is heir to the 
title. By his first wife Lord Lovelace has a daughter 

LADY ADA MARY KING-MILBANKE, born Feb. 26, 1871. She is, 
of course, the most direct descendant of Byron, belonging to 
the second generation now alive. She belongs to the fifteenth 
generation of the Gights. 

(3) LADY ANNE ISABELLA NOEL KING-MILBANKE, born 1837, married, 

June 8, 1869, Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, poet, politician, and Arab 

horse-breeder. They have onlj- one child 
JUDITH ANNE DOROTHEA BLUNT. She married, on February 2, 
1899, at the Roman Catholic Church of Zeytun, Cairo, the 
Hon. Neville Stephen Bulwer-Lytton, second son of the second 
Earl Lytton, and grandson of the novelist Bulwer-Lytton. 
This is a most interesting literary alliance ; the bride being 
the great-granddaughter of a poet (Byron) and the daughter of 
another (Blunt); the bridegroom being the grandson of a 
novelist (Bulwer-Lytton) and the son of a poet ("Owen 
Meredith "). The bride was given away (in ' her father's 
absence) by Lord Cromer (whose son, the Hon. Roland Baring, 
acted as best man). The honeymoon was spent at Heliopolis, 

(309) RR 



146 HOUSE OF GORDON. 



and the young couple were escorted part of the way by a body- 
guard of mounted Bedouins. They have 

(1) NOEL ANTHONY SCAWEN BULWER-LYTTON, born April 7, 

1900. 

(2) ANNE BULWER-LYTTON, born August 24, 1901. These 

children represent the sixteenth generation of the 
Gordons of Gight. 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 



APPENDICES TO VOLUME I. 

LISTS OF GORDONS IN SCOTLAND 



NEW SPALDING CLUB, 

ss 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

THE appendices to this volume form part of the editorial scheme 
to supply a quarry as well as a structure illustrated by the 
deductions of Abergeldie, Coclarachie and Gight, which show 
to what use the quarry may be put. They are intentionally 
confined to Scotland to begin with ; and present in a handy 
form trustworthy information regarding the Gordons who owned 
land, studied at the Scots Universities, entered Parliament, or 
joined certain branches of the clerical and legal professions. 

I. THE RETOURS AND SERVICES OF HEIRS. 

This appendix has been prepared a very laborious task 
by Mrs. Skelton, to whom the best thanks of the Club are 
due. The Retours and the Services of Heirs, though known to 
professional genealogists, are not always accessible. The entries 
have been extracted from the following works, which, while well 
known, are not easy to manipulate : 

Inquisitionvm ad Capellam Domini Regis Retornatarvm qvce in pvblicis 
archivis Scotice adhvc servantvr abbreviatio. [Edited by Thomas 
Thomson, Keeper of State Documents.] Printed by command of 
his Majesty George III. in pursuance of an address of the House 
of Commons of Great Britain. Folio. Vols. I. and II., 1811 ; Vol. 
III., 1816. 

Decennial Indexes to the Services of Heirs in Scotland. Commencing 
January i, 1700. [Only the first two volumes, edited by John M. 
Lindsay, and comprising ten decades, down to 1800, have been 
indexed here.] Edinburgh : Printed for Her Majesty's Stationery 
Office. Folio. Vol. I. (1700-49), 1863 ; Vol. II. (1750-99), 1870. 

(313) 



4 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

The Retours were printed under the direction of Thomson, 
by command of the Crown, which, in answer to a petition from 
the House of Commons, dated July, 1800, appointed (in 1806) 
Commissioners to provide " for the better arrangement and 
preservation and more convenient use " of the Public Records. 
Thomson (born 1768, died 1852), who was appointed Keeper 
of the Records in 1806, edited a long series of volumes, the 
most important of which were the Acts of the Scots Parliament. 
To the Retours he contributed a most instructive and highly con- 
densed preface, which has to be studied closely. The Retours 
in Thomson's volumes, which come down to 1699, are ^ n Latin 
and are arranged chronologically in each of the sections formed 
by the nature of the service as described below. The Services, 
which are in English, are a continuation of the Retours, but are 
arranged alphabetically in sections, each of which covers ten 
years. In this appendix will be found every person of the name 
of Gordon who was served heir of land in Scotland for two and 
a half centuries (1546-1800). 

By the law of Scotland, on the death of a person possessed 
of freehold property, such property did not immediately become 
vested in the heir of the deceased person, but remained in abey- 
ance until the person claiming to be the heir of the deceased 
person had established the fact of his kinship. Such being the 
case, it followed of course that some procedure was necessary 
to enable the person claiming to be heir or, for brevity, " the 
claimant," to have it judicially declared that the claimant was 
the heir to and entitled to succeed to and enjoy the lands of the 
deceased person, who is hereafter called " the ancestor ". This 
judicial declaration was obtained in the following manner : On 
the death of the ancestor an order was issued by the Court of 
Chancery to the local judge (usually the sheriff) to make an 
inquiry into these points : 

(314) 



PREFATORY NOTE. 5 

(1) What were the lands the ancestor owned when he died. 

(2) Whether the claimant was in fact the heir of the ancestor. 

(3) Whether the claimant was of age. 

(4) What was the value of the lands. 

(5) Of whom, as feudal lord, the lands were held. 

(6) By what feudal services the lands were held ; in other words, what 

was the nature of and the incidents of the tenure. 

(7) In whose possession the lands in question then were. 

(8) How the lands came to be in the possession of the person holding 

them and how long they had been so held. 

The document or order addressed to the sheriff commanding 
him to make the inquiry was called the " Brieve of Succession ". 
The local judge or sheriff had jurisdiction for a certain defined 
district only. Therefore, if the ancestor owned lands in various 
parts of Scotland it was necessary for a " Brieve of Succession" 
to be issued to the sheriff of every district involved. But, in 
order to avoid the same proceedings being gone through in 
different districts, an innovation was made, by which an officer 
of the Court of Session was appointed to make the inquiry con- 
cerning all the lands of the ancestor, wherever those lands might 
be situated. 

The proceedings upon the Brieve of Succession were held 
before a judge and jury, and were described as a Service. When 
those proceedings were held before the local judge or sheriff they 
were called "Special Service," or "Service of an Heir in Special," 
for they related to lands in one district only ; whilst the proceed- 
ings before the officer of the Court of Session were called "General 
Service," or " Service of an Heir in General," as they related to 
all the lands of the ancestor, wherever those lands were situated. 

The verdict of the jury was transmitted to, and the " Brieve 
of Succession " was returned to, the Court of Chancery, where 
it was recorded, and an extract of the record was given to the 
claimant, and the extract so given was called the " Retour ul 
the Service ". 

(315) 



HOUSE OF GORDON. 

We have no certain knowledge of the ancient practice as to 
the registration of the " Retours of Service," but Thomson sur- 
mised that the verdict of the jury was retoured to Chancery " as 
a necessary step towards the feudal investiture of the heir," that 
is to say, the act by virtue of which the claimant was placed in 
possession of the lands of his ancestor. Thomson also notes : 

That the original inquisitions were again delivered to the private party 
(the claimant), and not merely an extract, as at present, may be 
fairly conjectured from the many originals which yet remain in 
private custody. 

In addition to the two classes of Inquisitions retoured to 
Chancery there were retours to a " Brieve of Tutory " and to a 
" Brieve of Idiotry or of Furiosity ". The former was for the 
purpose of ascertaining the person who ought to be appointed 
tutor to a claimant who was a minor. The latter was for the 
purpose of ascertaining the mental incapacity of the heir to the 
ancestor. If it were found that the heir was mentally incapable 
of managing his own affairs, then it was further found who was 
his nearest relative of proper age and capacity upon whom that 
management devolved. 

There were two other sorts of retours, one as to the estimated 
value of the whole of the lands of a county or district ; the other 
for the purpose of ascertaining the real estate of which persons 
whose lands were forfeited for treason were in possession for five 
years preceding the dates of forfeiture. 

Thomson sums up the importance of the Retours very 
neatly : 

With certain limitations it [the Retour] may be considered as exhibiting 
an authentic history of the transmission by inheritance of the far 
greater part of the landed property of Scotland as well as that of the 
descent of the greater number of its considerable families during the 
course of the two last centuries. That part of the Record which pre- 
cedes the date of the Scottish Statute of 1681 " concerning the 



PREFATORY NOTE. 7 

Election of Commissioners for Shires," derives a peculiar importance 
from its affording the appropriate evidence of a certain class of Free- 
hold Qualifications. 

Where are the ancient records of Chancery ? Some remarks 
by Lord Stair on a judgment of the Court of Session of 1624 
throw light on the point. Stair says that " Services before the 
year 1550 were sufficient to satisfy . . . because at that time 
the books of Chancery were destroyed by war ". 

It ought perhaps to be explained that the contractions 
" A. E. " and " N. E. " in the Retours stand for " Auld Extent " 
and " New Extent ". These terms are explained by Skene in 
his De Verborum Significatione, \ 597. 

EXTENT of landes signifies the rents, profiles and issues of the samin, 
quhairof there is twa kindes, the AULD EXTENT and the NEW EXTENT. 
For it appearis that the rentall and valour of lands hes bin taxed 
and liquidat to ane certain sum of silver, conforme to the profites 
and dewties quhilk the lands payed at that time [the time of the 
Alexanders] quhilk is called the Auld and first Extent. Bot because 
the revenues and dewties of land be progresse of time did increase 
and grow mair and mair, ane vther taxation and extent was made in 
the time of peace, as the former extent, conforme to the profites 
augmented as saide is: quhilk is called, the New, or second, Extent. 

The preface to the Service of Heirs, written by Mr. John 
M. Lindsay, describes the different kinds of heirs under Scots 
law as follows : 

Heir. The term " Heir," without qualification, means nearest heir at 
law. 

Heir of Line. This term means the same thing. 

Heir of Conquest. The word " Conquest " means real property acquired 
by purchase or otherwise than by inheritance. When a man dies 
intestate and childless in Scotland his inherited property goes to his 
immediate younger brother or heir of line, but his " Conquest " 
goes to his immediate elder brother (or to that brother's issue) as 
heir of conquest. 

Heir Portioner means one of several females, or their issue, succeed- 
ing jointly. 

(3i7) 



8 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Heir of Provision means an heir having right by settlement or will in 
the Scots form. 

Co-heir of Provision means one of several heirs having right by settle- 
ment or will in the Scots form. 

Heir Male of the Body and of Provision. An heir is served in these 
terms when the lands stand destined to male descendants, excluding 
all female descendants and the issue of all females. 

Heir Male and of Provision. An heir is served in these terms when 
the lands stand destined to heirs male general that is, not to 
male descendants only but also to other heirs male, collaterals or 
ascendants. 

Heir of Entail, Taillie or Tailzie means an heir succeeding under the 
destination of an entail. 

Heir " cum beneficio inventarii " means an heir who, doubting his pre- 
decessor's solvency, gives in an inventory of all his predecessor's 
real property, and thus obtains legal exemption from liability beyond 
the value of that property. 

The index has been arranged on the following principle : 
i. Christian name, the surname, which is, of course, always 
"Gordon," being omitted ; 2., the place name first mentioned ; 
3. the date of the Retour or the Service. Where two dates 
are given the second refers to the registration. 

II. THE POLL BOOK OF ABERDEENSHIRE. 

This invaluable work was printed in two volumes (aggregat- 
ing xxiv. and 1309 pp.) in a handsome quarto in 1844 under the 
title : 

List of Pollable Persons within the Shire of Aberdeen. 1696. Aberdeen. 
Printed by William Bennett, MDCCCXLIV. 

The volumes were printed under the direction of Dr. John 
Stuart from the folio manuscript of 1541 pages, in the possession 
of General Gordon of Cairness, bearing the title : 

The Book or List off Poleable persons within the Shire off Aberdein and 
Burghs within the same : containing the names off the haill persones 

(318) 



PREFATORY NOTE. g 

poleable and polemoney payable be them, conform to their respective 
capacities, according to the Act off Parliament anent Pole-Money 
daited the 25th day of June 1695. Faithfullie extracted ffurth of the 
Principall Lists of poleable persons off each paroch within the shyre, 
as they were reported by the Commissioners and Clerks for the 
severall paroches appointed for that effect. By William Hay collector 
appointed off the Polemoney payable ffurth off the said shire. And 
revised and examined by an quorum of the Commissioners of Supplie 
off the samen shyre and attested by them the first day of April 
1696. 

The MS. was submitted to the (old) Spalding Club, who 
relegated the printing of it to a committee of county gentlemen. 
The present appendix of Gordon entries has also been com- 
piled by Mrs. Skelton. The late Mr. A. Dingwall Fordyce, 
of Fergus, Ontario, a great enthusiast on Aberdeenshire genea- 
logy, made an index (of persons only), a model of neatness and 
accuracy. It is a MS. quarto of 271 pages, and is now in the 
possession of the New Spalding Club, to whom Mr. Dingwall 
Fordyce presented it in May, 1891. It is entitled : 

Extracts alphabetically arranged (Special and General) from the Poll 
Tax Book of Aberdeenshire (1696). (Special, pp. 1-148: General, 
pp. 151-262.) With list of orthographical variations. Synopsis of 
special extracts (S). 

The Poll Tax was first imposed in May, 1693, to pay arrears 
due to the country and the army. Exceedingly unpopular, it was 
farmed out by the Government to Lord Ross and others for the 
sum of ,44,000 stg. of tack duty. But in July, 1695, an Act 
was passed for turning the tack of the poll into a collection, on 
the ground that 

The levying of money by pole was new, and as the countrey and others 
concerned had not observed the rules and ordinences contained in 
the Act of Parliament thereanent, the tacksmen were unable to pay 
the stipulated tack-duty unless they were allowed to exact the penal- 

(3i9) TT 



10 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

ties imposed by the Act, which would have tended to the disturbance 
and oppression of the whole kingdom : therefore his Majesty liberated 
the said tacksmen from the said tacks and tack duty, providing that 
they should make just count and reckoning of all their intromissions 
with the said Pole-money as if they had been only collectors. 

The Poll Tax was again put in force in 1695 (payable first 
at Martinmas, the term being afterwards extended to October 
15) to increase the army and navy. The tax amounted to six 
shillings per head, leviable on all except "poore persons" and 
children under the age of sixteen, and " in families of all these 
persons whose pole doth not exceed ^i IDS. Scots". In addi- 
tion to the six shillings, a cottar having a trade had to pay six 
shillings more. The following grading also was imposed : 

Seamen ....... 12 shillings Scots 

Tenants (on their valued rent) .... y^ part 

Merchants (with from 500 to 4,999 merks) . . 2 10 o 

( ,, 5,000 to 9,999 ) . . 400 

,, ( ,, 10,000 merks and over) . . 10 o o 

Gentlemen (" so holden and repute ") . . . 300 

Heritors (with below 50 valued rent). . . o 20 o 

( from 50 to 199) ... 400 

( 200 to 499) . 900 

( 5 to 999) ... 12 o o 

+ 2s. 6d. for each child infamilia 

,, (with 1,000) 24 o o 

+ 3 for each child infamilia 

Lords . . . . . . . . . 40 o o 

Viscounts ........ 50 o o 

Earls ......... 60 o o 

Marquises ........ 80 o o 

Dukes . . . . . . . . 160 o o 

Widows (whose husbands would have been worth 

i IDS. poll'or over) .... ^ husband's poll 

Heiresses were subject to the same poll as their 

predecessors would have been. 

Notaries, procurators and messengers-at-arms . 400 

(320) 



PREFATORY NOTE. II 

Writers, not to the Signet, Agents, Clerks of Inferior 
Civil Courts, Macers and Under-Clerks of 
Session ....... 600 

Advocates, Writers to the Signet, sheriffs, doctors 1200 

Commissioned officers in the Scots army . . two days' pay 

The total tax collected in Aberdeenshire amounted to 
^28,148 75. id. Scots, or ,2,345 J 3 S - 7 d - stg- 

III. STUDENTS AT THE SCOTTISH UNIVERSITIES. 

These lists have been compiled, partly from printed, partly 
from manuscript sources, by Mr. P. J. Anderson. To each 
name is prefixed the first year of the class to which the student 
belonged. 

The names of students at University and King's College, 
Aberdeen, and at Marischal College and University, Aberdeen, 
are taken from Mr. Anderson's Roll of Alumni at University 
and Kings College, 1596-1860 (Aberdeen University Studies: 
No. i. 1900) ; and his Fasti Academics Mariscallance, 1593- 
1860. Vol. II.: Officers, Graduates and Alumni (New Spalding 
Club, 1898). 

The names of Glasgow graduates are taken for the period 
prior to 1727 from the late Mr. Cosmo Innes' Munimenta Universi- 
tatis Glasguensis, Vol. III. (Maitland Club, 1854); for the period 
subsequent to 1727, from Mr. W. Innes Addison's Roll of the 
Graduates of the University of Glasgow, 1727-1897 (Glasgow, 
1898). Mr. Addison has kindly supplemented the information 
to be found in his admirable volume by furnishing the names of 
all non -graduate alumni of the name of Gordon during the same 
period, 1727-1897. 

The names of Edinburgh graduates are taken from the late 
Mr. David Laing's Catalogue of the Graduates in the Faculties of 
Arts, Divinity and Law of the University of Edinburgh since its 

(321) 



12 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Foundation (Bannatyne Club, 1858) ; and List of the Graduates 
in Medicine of the University of Edinburgh from 1705 to 1866 
(Edinburgh, 1867). The Matriculation Albums of the Univer- 
sity for the period 1634 to 1860 have also been searched for 
Gordon alumni by the Rev. Walter Macleod, Edinburgh, and 
the results incorporated with the extracts from the lists of grad- 
uates. The entries in the Edinburgh Albums are unfortunately 
very meagre and yield but slight means of identification, 

None of the St. Andrews records have as yet been printed. 
Mr. J. Maitland Anderson, librarian to the University, has 
obligingly searched the Matriculation and Graduation Registers 
(1429 to 1879) for Gordon entries. 

An attempt has been made to identify in the various Uni- 
versity lists the Gordons who appear in Dr. Hew Scott's 
monumental work, Fasti Ecclesics Scoticance : the Succession of 
Ministers in the Parish Churches of Scotland from the Reforma- 
tion A.D. 1560 to the Present Time. 3 vols. Edinburgh, 
1866-71. The Gordons of the Fasti that have not been traced 
in the Universities are added in a separate list. 

IV. SCOTS MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. 

The Gordons in this list are taken from Mr. Joseph Foster's 
Members of Parliament, Scotland, including the Minor Barons, 
the Commissioners for the Shires and the Commissioners for the 
Burghs, 1357-1882, on the basis of the Parliamentary Return, 
1880, with Genealogical and Biographical Notices. London, 
1882. 

V. MEMBERS OF THE FACULTY OF ADVOCATES, OR WRITERS 

TO H.M. SIGNET. 

For the lists of Gordons who have been members of the 
Faculty of Advocates the best thanks of the Club are due to 

(322) 



PREFATORY NOTE. 1^ 

Mr. J. T. Clark, Keeper of the Advocates' Library, who fur- 
nished the names for the present publication. 

The names of Gordons who were Writers to the Signet are 
taken from Dr. T. G. Law's History of the Society of Writers to 
Her Majesty s Signet, with a list of Members of tke Society from 
1594 to 1890. Edinburgh, 1890. 

J. M. B. 

4*/t March, 1903. 



1323) 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



A. E. . 


. Auld Extent. 


I. G. 


c. b. inv. 


. cum beneficio inven- 


I. S. . 




tarii. 


masc. 


conq. . 


conquest. 


N. E. 


d. 


. daughter. 


port. . 


E. 


Extent. 




f. 


. filius or filia. 


prov. . 


gen. . 


. general. 


s. 


h. 


. heir or haeres. 


S. H. 


hh. . 


. haeredes. 


sp. . 


I. de Tut. . 


. Inquisitio de Tutela. 


spec. . 


I. de Poss. Quinq. 


. Inquisitio de Posses- 


Supp. 




sione Quinquennali. 


wid. . 



Inquisitio Generalis. 
Inquisitio Specialis. 
masculus. 
New Extent, 
portioner, portion- 

arius, etc. 
provision, 
son. 

Service of Heirs, 
sponsa. 
special. 
Supplement, 
widow. 



(324) 



APPENDIX I. 

GORDONS MENTIONED IN SERVICES OF HEIRS IN 
SCOTLAND, FROM 1545 TO 1799. 

de Baldornie, est fatuus et naturaliter idiota I. de Tut., 26 Feb. 1647 

- of Culvennan. See Joan, Barholme S. H., 24 Jan. 1718 

A., advocate. See Robert, Aberdeen S. H., 24 Jan. 1712 

Adam, Lieut, in Gen. Maitland's Regiment. See Ann ; Joan ; 

Theodosia S. H., 27 June 1717 

,, de Aberlour. See James, Aberlour I. G., 19 June 1697 

of Ardlogie, s. to Colonell Nathaniel, h. of John of Ard- 

logie, his gudsir I. G., 2 Jan. 1656 

of Ardoch, to his father Alexander of Ardoch h. gen. 

S. H., 9 May; i June 1753 

,, of Ardoch, to his father, Alexander of Ardoch, who 
died March, 1753 h. male spec, in the manse 
and croft of the Treasurer of Ross, and in 
Thomsonshill and part of Gallowbank, Ross- 
shire S. H., 2 Sept.; 4 Oct. 1757 
captain, of Auchanachy. See Elizabeth, Jamaica 

S. H., 23 Aug. 1782 

,, younger of Cairnfield, to his brother John, advocate, 

who died n April, 1793 h. spec, in the Barony 

of Linturk, including Drumdargue, Claymiln, etc., 

Aberdeenshire S. H., 16 Aug. ; 28 Aug. 1793 

,, s. of James of Cochlarachie. See Charlotte, Coch- 

larachie ; Harriet, Cochlarachie S. H., 9 Aug. 1779 

Sir, of Dalphollie. See William of Dalphollie 

I. G., 10 Dec., 1700; S. H., Dec. 1700; S. H., 26 Feb. 1702 
,, goldsmith in Edinburgh. See Helen, Edinburgh S. H., 6 May 1767 

(325) 



l6 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Adam, goldsmith in Edinburgh. See William, Edinb. S. H., 20 Nov. 1735 

,, f. Alexandri aliquando in Chapeltoune de Eslemont, h. 

Adami, mercatoris in Leith, patrui I. G., 27 Oct. 1698 

,, in Leith. See Adam, supra. 

Agnes, wife of Geo. Gordon, minister at Alves, to her brother 
David Brodie of Pitgaviny co-h. of prov. gen. 

S. H., 28 Oct. 1746; 29 Jan. 1747 

See Margaret, Auchlean I. S. (Wigton), 26 Oct. 1652. 

,, h. Jacobi de Barnebarroch, avi, in 3 mercatis et 10 
solidatis terrarum de Gaitgill-Makilvernok ; 25 
solidatis terrarum de Gaitgill-M'Nische ; 25 
solidatis terrarum de Gaitgill olim occupatis per 
quondam Fynlaum Watsoun, extendentibus in 
integro ad 5 libratas terrarum antiqui extentus 
infra parochiam de Barge. A.E. 5!. ; N.E. 15!. 
6 mercatis terrarum de Barnebarrache et Barne- 
howrie, cum principali mansione de Barnebarrach 
et molendinis de Barnebarrach et Barnehowrie 
antiqui extentus, infra parochiam de Colven. 
A.E. 4 1. ; N.E. 12!. I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 July 1602 

,, h. port, praedicti Joannis [de Blaikat] in terris praedictis. 

See Catharine, Blaikat I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 Oct. 1548 

h. port, praedictae Margaretae [Blaket], sororis in unde- 
cima parte dictarum terrarum. See Catharine, 
Blaket I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 14 April 1552 

,, to her father Alexander of Crogo, writer in Edinburgh 

h. port, and of line gen. S. H., 23 June; 30 June 1789 

,, wife of Wm. Glendonwyne of Glendonwyne, to her sister 
Mary, d. of Alex, of Crogo, who died 1790 h. 
of line spec, in 4 of Crogo, including Knockclairn, 
etc., and in J of Auchinreoch, etc., Kirkcudbright- 
shire S. H., 4 Dec. ; 30 Dec. 1790 

,, above designed, to her father Alexander of Crogo, who 
died in May or June, 1774 h. of line spec, in 
Earmark and in Upper and Nether Caldows, 
Kirkcudbrightshire S. H., 4 Dec. ; 30 Dec. 1790 

wife of Thos. Gordon, baker, Dumfries, to her father 
William Kirkpatrick, merchant there co-h. of 
prov. gen. S. H., 29 Mar.; 8 April 1794 

(326) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. IJ 

Agnes, Crawford, wid. of Robert Gordon, sailor, Leith, to her 
brother James, brazier, Canongate h. port. gen. 

S. H.. 16 Sept.; 18 Sept. 1766 
,, to her father Robert, sailor in Leith co-h. of prov. 

gen. S. H., 21 June ; 23 June 1791 

,, Janeta Frazer, f. Joannis Frazer aliquando fabri ferrarii 
burgensis de Inverness, procreata inter eum et 
Agnetam Gordoun, h. port. Jacobi, fabri murarii 
in Inverness, avi, Janeta, Margareta, et Maria 
Gordouns, hh. port, dicti Jacobi, patris, in annuo 
redditu 160!., correspondente 4,ooom. de villa 
et terris de Salterhill, pro principali, et de villa 
et terris de Ettils, in parochia de Kinnedder, in 
speciale warrantum dictarum terrarum. E. id. 

I. S. (Elgin), 31 Nov. 1690 

,, Elizabeth Kirko, h. Agnetae Gordoun, matris, et 
Bessetae Gordoun, materterae, in 20 solidatis 
terrarum antiqui extentus de Over Whytesyde, 
infra baroniam de Haliwood. E. 2^m. 

I. S. (Dumfries), 23 May 1662 

Maxwell, sp. Roberti Gordoune junioris de Shirmers, 
h. lineae gen. Gulielmi Maxwell, junioris de 
Monreith, fratris I. G., 2 June 1681 

,, Maxuel, sp. Roberti Gordoun junioris de Shirmers, h. 
lineae gen. Gulielmi Maxwell seniorisde Monreith, 
avi I. G., 2 June 1681 

Al., of Kinaldie. See Janet, Kinaldie. S. H., 9 Sept. 1740; 17 June 1741 
Alexander, h. conq. Patricii, fratris germani immediate junioris 

I. G., 8 Oct. 1633 
captain in the Earl of Orkney's regiment of foot 

S. H., 20 Aug. 1733 
,, burgensis de Abirdeen. See John, Knokleyth 

I. S. Supp. (Aberd.), 12 Jan. 1579 

,, magister, f. legitimus quondam Joannis burgensis 
de Abirdein, inter ilium et quondam Elspetham 
Crombie, h. port. Domini Thomae Crombie de 
Kemnay militis, avunculi, in terris praedictis. 
E. 408. I. S. (Aberd.), 20 July 1649 

,, burgensis de Aberdein. See Juliana I. G., 12 Jan. 1677 

(327) UU 



18 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Alexander, burgensis de Aberdeen. See George, Aberdeen I. G., 19 July 1690 
,, in civitate veteris Aberdoniae, f. magistri Thornae 
in Kethocksmilne, h. Georgii de Nether Bodome, 
fratris germani, in villa et terris de Neather 
Boddome cum parte vocata the Bass ; villa et 
terris de Over Boddom, infra parochiam de Insh. 
cum decimis. A.E. 2!. ; N.E. 81. I. S. (Aberd.), 22 June 1698 
,, merchant in Aberdeen, to his brother George of 

Sands, advocate h. gen. S. H., 18 April; 21 Apr. 1732 

,, barber in Aberdeen. See Charles, Warsaw S. H., 30 Aug. 1733 
,, bookseller, Aberdeen. John Largie, sergeant in 
Mackay's regt. of foot, to his aunt, Isabella 
Largie, wid. of Alex. Gordon, bookseller, Aber- 
deen h. gen. S. H. Supp., 20 Jan. 1744 
,, residing in Aberdeen, to his father Alexander, ship- 
master there h. gen. S. H., 8 Nov. ; 15 Nov. 1783 
,, shipmaster in Aberdeen. See Alexander, supra. 
,, ofAberdour. See George of Aberdour 

S. H., i June 1791 ; S. H., 4 Jan. 1792 

,, ofAberdour. See William ofAberdour S. H., 20 Mar. 1793 
,, de Abirzeldi. See William, magister, Abirzeldi 

I. S. (Aberd.), 30 May 1601 ; I. S. (Aberd.), 17 June 1607 ; 
I. S. Supp. (Aberd.), 31 July 1613 
de Achomachie. See Catherine, Achomachie 

I. S. (Fife), 19 May 1698 

,, Penrose (Gumming) of Altyre, etc., to Sir William 
Gordon of Gordonstoun, bart. h. of tail and 
prov. gen. S. H., 25 May; lojune 1795 

,, merchant, Amsterdam, to his father Robert of Cairn- 
field, Banff h. male of prov. gen. S. H., 10 May; 27 June 1718 
of Ardoch. See Adam of Ardoch 

S. H., i June 1753; S. H., 4 Oct. 1757 

,, de Arradoull, h. Jacobi de Arradoull, fratris germani, 

in villis et terris de Arradoull extendentibus ad 

8 bovatas terrarum, infra dominium de Einzie et 

parochiam de Raphane. E. 20!., etc., feudifermae 

I. S. (Banff), 23 Jul. 1663 
,, de Arradoull. See George, de Arradoull 

I. S. (Banff), 18 Oct. 1692 

(328) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. IQ 

Alexander, of Auchindolly, M.D. in Dumfries. See Robert, 

Bristol S. H., 6 Nov. 1778 

de Auchinreath. See John de Combrie I. G., 15 Apr. 1665 

,, major-generall, of Auchintoull, Banff, to his father 

Alexander of Auchintoull h. gen. S. H., 27 June ; 27 July 1713 
of Auchintoull. See Alexander, supra. 
,, major-general, of Auchintoul. See Alexander of 

Dorlathers S. H., 30 July 1753 

,, of Auchintoul. See Catharine of Auchintoul S. H., 14 Sept. 1768 
,, of Auchleuchries. See James of Auchleuchries 

S. H., 23 Apr. 1751 ; S. H., 2 Aug. 1768 
,, of Auchmunziel. Alexander Forbes, son of Robt. 
Forbes of Auchmunziel, to his gt. grandfather, 
Alexander Gordon of Auchmunziel h. of prov. 
gen. S. H. Supp., 13 May 1745 

of Auchredy, to his father James of Auchredy 

h. gen. S. H., 18 Aug. ; 2 Sept. 1709 

,, of Auchredy. See James, Auchredy S. H., 25 Jan. 1740 

,, in the Customs at Ayr. See Charles, New York 

S. H., 26 Mar. 1782 

,, de Balcray. See Hugh de Grange I. S. (Wigton), 23 Feb. 1608 
,, de Balery. See Robert de Bandane I. G., 2 Jan. 1607 

,, de Barnbarroch. See James, Barnbarroch 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 21 Apr. 1556 
Barskeoche. See Roger, in Schirmers 

I. de Tut. Supp., 23 July 1577 
in Barskeoche. See Roger, in Schirmers 

I. de Tut. Supp., 23 July 1577 
de Barskeoche. See George, Barskeoche 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 27 Oct. 1607 ; I. S. (Wigton), 31 Oct. 1607 ; 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 10 Oct. 1609 
,, de Beldorney. See George, Beldorney 

I. S. (Banff), 20 Feb. 1627 

,, of Birkenburn. See William of Birkenburn S. H., 24 Apr. 1724 
,, h. Patricii de Brasmoir, patris I. G., 18 Apr. 1626 

de Birsmoir, h. Patricii de Birsmoir, patris, in 
terris et villa de Carnday, continentibus Auldtoun 
de Carnday, Over et Nether Cairndayis, Lin, cum 
molendino de Lin vel Carnday, et decimis garbali- 

(329) 



2O HOUSE OF GORDON. 

bus, in baronia de Cluny, infra parochiam de 
Kinairnie. A.E. 403. ; N.E. 81. I. S. (Aberd.), 27 Sept. 1637 
Alexander, de Brasmoir, h. Patricii de Brasmoir, patris I. G., 5 Dec. 1665 
,, de Birsmoir, h. Joannis de . . . avi I. G., 7 Apr. 1666 

of Blelack. See John of Blelack S. H.. 16 Mar. 1723 

,, merchant in Bordeaux, to his brother Charles, 
merchant in Edinburgh h. of conq. gen. 

S. H., 27 Jan. ; 31 Jan. 1728 
,, in Borderside of Kelly. See George, in India 

S. H., 2 Dec. 1793 

,, merchant in Boulogne, to his father William, 
merchant there, once banker in Paris h. gen. 

S. H., ii Sept.; 19 Sept. 1729 
,, merchant in Boulogne. See Robert, Boulogne 

S. H., 31 Dec. 1755 
,, merchant in Boulogne. See Robert of Railhead 

S. H., 8 Dec. 1759; S. H., I2 Dec. 1760 

,, See Joan, Brokloch I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 13 1615 

,, of Cairnburrow. See John of Airthlock S. H., 24 Dec. 1703 
,, of Cairnborrow. See John in Finties S. H., n July 1710 

de Camdell, h. Jacobi de Tillisoules, patris I. G., 18 Aug. 1696 
,, son of W[illiam] of Campbelltoun, to his aunt 
Henrietta dau. of S. Broun of Mollance h. port, 
gen. c. b. inv. S. H., 13 Feb. 1762 

,, of Campbellton, to his father William of Campbell- 
ton, who died 18 Aug. 1785 h. spec, in Balma- 
cample or Campbellton, and Nether Campbellton, 
in the parish of Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire 

S. H., 5 May; 16 Sept.^Sg 
,, to his father Alexander of Carltoun h. gen. c. b. 

inv. S. H., 26 Aug.; 5 Sept. 1743 

,, of Carletoun. See Alexander, supra. 
of Carleton, to his grandfather Nathaniel of Carle- 
ton h. of taillie and prov. gen. S. H., 3 Feb. ; 16 Feb. 1773 
,, of Carleton, to his grandfather Nathaniel of Carleton 

h. gen. S. H., 23 Feb. ; 29 Mar. 1774 

,, of Carlton. See John of Carlton S. H., 30 Aug. 1790 

,, younger of Carlton. See John of Carlton S. H., 30 Aug. 1790 
de Castraman, h. Issobellae Muirhead, matris, in 5 

(330) 



APPENDIX I. I SERVICES OF HEIRS. 21 

mercatis terrarum antiqui extentus de Castraman 
et Uarregoune, infra parochiam de Girtoun. A.E. 
3!. 6s. 8d. ; N.E. lol. I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 20 Mar. 1610 

Alexander, de Castramen. See Elspet, Castramen 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 30 Jan. 1644 

,, in Chapeltoune de Eslemond. See Adam, Chapel- 

toune I. G., 27 Oct. 1698 

de Clone. See William, Clone 

I. S. Supp. (Wigton), Jan. 1596 

,, de Clonyeard, h. masc. Joannis de Cloinyeard, 
patris, in 5 mercatis terrarum de Clonyeard, infra 
parochiam de Kirkmaden in Rynis. A.E. 5m. ; 
N.E. iol. I. S. (Wigton), 22 Feb. 1687 

of Cloves. See Charles, Cloves S. H., 28 July 1718 

,, h. masc. domini Thomae de Cluny militis, 
patris, in villa et terris de Carvechin, Thorny- 
wray, Corsistane, Peiriesmylne, Sleauche cum 
park, Adamstoun, Silverhillok, Weistroune, 
Mutehillok, Boigheid, Newtoun ; tertia parte 
villae et terrarum de Garie ; bina parte terrarum 
de Chappeltoun; tertia parte de Wedderburne; 
bina parte de Brumhill ; tertia parte de Thomas- 
toun ; bina parte de Comalegie ; in baronia de 
Kynmondie per annexationem. A.E. 19111.; N.E. 
50!. 135. 4d. I. S. (Aberd.), n July 1607 

h. talliae Georgii f. Georgii de Cochlarrachie, fratris 

immediate senioris I. G., 24 July 1661 

of Coldwells. See Elizabeth, Coldwells ; Isobel, 

Coldwells S. H., 7 Feb. 1766 

of Coldwells. See Elizabeth, Coldwells S. H., i Sept. 1780 

,, of Coldwells. See Fabian, col. Polish service 

S. H., 23 Sept. 1783 

,, in Collarhead, once in Achynachie. See Alexander, 

of Edintore S. H., 29 June ; 9 July 1742 

,, h. prov. Alexandri in Corriedoune, patris I. G., 8 Oct. 1633 

in Corriedoune. See Alexander, supra. 

of Crogo, writer in Edinburgh. Sec Agnes, Crogo ; 

Mary, Crogo S. H., 30 June 1789 

of Crogo. See Agnes, Crogo S. H., 30 Dec. 1790 

(33i) 



22 HOUSE OF GORDOti. 

Alexander, de Culvenen. See William de Culvenen I. G., 6 Feb. 1679 

,, of Culvennan. See William of Culvennan S. H., 4 Mar. 1703 

,, of Cumry. See Catharine, Cumry 

S. H., 24 Feb. ; 27 Feb. 1779 

,, portioner of Dallachy. See John, Dallachy S. H., 21 Aug. 1727 

,, of Dorlathers, to his uncle Major-General Alexander 

of Auchintoul h. gen. S. H., 24 July; 30 July 1753 

,, in Drumfald. See Patrick, Drumfald I. G., 19 July 1684 

,, Spalding-Gordon, advocate, to his uncle Samuel 

Spalding of Dullarg h. gen. S. H., 3 Feb. ; 3 Feb. 1790 

,, h. Alexandri in Dunce, patris I. G., 9 Mar. 1609 

,, in Dunce. See Alexander, supra. 

,, de Erlestoun, h. Joannis de Erlestoun, patris, in 
i mercata terrae de Erlistoun ; i mercata terrae 
de Mylntoun ; i mercata terrae de Ardoch ; 
dimidia mercata terras de Over Barley ; dimidia 
mercata terrae de Blaquharne ; i mercata terrae 
de Knokgry, et 2^ mercatis terrarum de Marbrok, 
cum molendino de Erlestoun, in dominio de 
Erlestoun et parochia de Dairy. A.E. "jm. 6s. 8d.; 
N.E. 22m. 6s. 8d. dimidietate terrarum de Quhyt- 
park. E. 81. 38. 4d. terris de Airdis, Over, 
Middill et Nather, in dominio Gallovidiae subtus 
Crie. E. 20!. 35. 4d. etc. 40 solidatis terrarum 
antiqui extentus de Monydow ; 40 solidatis ter- 
rarum ejusdem extentus de Barmoffatte in baronia 
de Kirkpatrik-Durhame. E.ul. I.S. (Kirkcudb.), 23 Oct. 1628 

,, de Earlestoun, h. Elizabethae unius haeredum por- 
tionariarum Joannis de Blaiket aviae, in duo- 
decima parte 14 mercatarum terrarum de Blaiket et 
Lag, cum duodecima parte molendini de Blaiket 
antiqui extentus, in parochiis de Ure et Girtoun 
respective. A.E. 153. 6d. et tertia parte 2d. ; 
N.E. 465. 8d. I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 July 1634 

,, of Earlstoun. See William, M r of Earlstoun 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 23 Jan. 1655 

,, nuper de Earlstone. See William, Magister de 

Earlestone I. de Poss. Quinq., 3 Sept. 1686 

,, de Earlstone, h. Alexandri de Earlstone, avi I. G., 4 Apr. 1700 

(332) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 23 

Alexander, de Earlstone. See Alexander, supra. 

of Earlstone, Kirkcudb., to his grandfather Alexander 

of Earlstone h. gen. S. H., 4 April 1700; 29 Jan. 1711 

,, of Earlstone. See Alexander, supra. 

,, of Earlstoun. See Thomas, Earlstoun S. H., 5 Feb. 1724 

,, s. of G., writer in Edin., to his g d father George, 

messenger there h. gen. S. H., 29 April ; 3 May 1704 

,, writer in Edinburgh. See Elizabeth, Auchinhalrigg 

S. H., 20 Feb. 1724 

,, of Edintore, to his uncle Alexander in Collarhead, 
once in Achynachie, who died h. male spec, 
in 1,371 merks over the lands of Cotts in the 
parish of Longbryde, Elgin S. H., 29 June; 9 July 1742 

of Edintoir. See Isobel, Midmar S. H., 22 Apr. 1763 

in Old Manse of Fintray. See Elizabeth, Fintray ; 

Jean, Fintray S. H., 22 Mar. 1775 

to his father Robert, postmaster in Fochabers h. 

gen. S. H., 31 July 1733 ; 21 Jan. 1734 

,, of Forskan. See John of Drumquhynle S. H., 4 Mar. 1713 
,, in Garlerge. See John, Garlerge 

I. G., 28 July 1657 ; I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 28 July 1657 
de Glengerrack. See Charles de Glengarrack 

I. S. (Banff), 29 Nov. 1692 

(or Davidson) of Gight, son of Lady Mary of Gight, 
to his father Alexander Davidson of Newtoun, 
who died Feb. 1712 h. male spec, in the 

Newtoun of Wranghame, Glenestoun, Skares, 
Melvinside, etc., Aberdeenshire S. H., 10 Jan. ; 20 Feb. 1735 
,, (or Davidson) of Gight, to his grandfather Alex- 
ander Davidson of Newtoun h. gen. 

S. H., 10 Jan. ; 20 Feb. 1735 

of Gight, to his granduncle James Davidson of 
Tillimorgan who died Sept. 1720 h. of line 
and prov. spec, in Tillimorgan, Sauchenloan, 
Graystone and Catden, all in the parish of Culsal- 
mond, Aberdeenshire S. H., 10 Jan. ; 20 Feb. 1735 

(or Davidson) of Gight, to his grandfather Alex- 
ander Davidson, of Newtoun h. of line and of 
prov. gen. S. H., 28 July 1739; 18 Feb. 1740 

(333) 



24 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Alexander (or Davidsone), of Gight, to his father Alexander 
Davidson of Gight h. of prov. gen. 

S. H., 28 July 1739; 18 Feb. 1740 

,, (or Davidson) of Gight, to his mother Mary of 

Gight h. male and of prov. gen. S. H., 29 Jan. ; 18 Feb. 1740 

,, (or Davidsone) of Gight, to his granduncle George 

Davidson of Cairnbrogie h. of prov. gen. 

S. H., 8 April ; 9 May 1740 

,, (or Davidson) to his father Alexander (or Davidson) 
of Gight, who died Jan. 1760 h. of taillie and 
prov. spec, in Newtoun of Wrangham, Glen- 
niestown, Skairs, Mellenside, etc., Aberdeenshire 

S. H. Supp., 18 Apr. ; 29 Apr. 1760 

,, (or Davidson) of Gight. See Alexander, supra. 

(or Davidson) of Gight. See George, Gight 

S. H., 29 Apr. 1760; S. H., i May 1777 

of Glendaveny. See Jean, Glendaveny S. H., 10 Aug. 1774 

to his father William of Greenlaw h. gen. c. b. 

inv. S. H., 7 Nov.; 23 Nov. 1758 

,, merchant in Greenock. See Archibald, Greenock 

S. H., 18 Aug. 1739 

captain, portioner of Hassingtoun. See George of 

Gordonbank S. H., n Sept. 1772 

,, advocate. See James, of Hilton, doctor S. H., 22 June 1736 

Spalding-Gordon of Holm. See Alexander Spald- 

ing-Gordon, of Shirmers S. H., 22 May 1778 

,, Spalding-Gordon of Holm. Samuel Spalding, 
physician, Devizes, to his brother Alexander 
Spalding-Gordon of Holm, who died 5 Nov. 1794 
h. spec. c. b. inv., in Killochy, Knocksley, 
Hardlands, and Cubbox S. H. Supp., 28 Oct. ; i Nov. 1799 

Duke of Gordon, to his father Cosmo George, Duke 
of Gordon, who died 5 Aug. 1752 h. male and 
of line spec, in the Marquisate, Earldom and 
Lordship of Huntly, etc., Aberdeenshire; Braes 
of Enzie, Banffshire ; Lochaber, etc., Inverness- 
shire S. H., 9 Feb. ; 25 Mar. 1754 

Duke of Gordon to his father Cosmo George, Duke 

of Gordon h. gen. S. H., 9 Feb. ; 25 Mar. 1754 

(334) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 25 

Alexander, formerly Wemyss, surgeon in Huntly. See Francis, 

Craighall S. H., 15 Mar. 1791 

,, in Kelly. See George, in India S. H., 2 Dec. 1793 

magister, h. Elspetae Crombie sponsae quondam 

Joannis, matris, in equali dimidietate terrarum 
et baroniae de Kemnay, comprehendente terras 
dominicales de Kemnay vulgo Auldmaynes, 
Litlemaynes, et Mylntoun de Kemnay nuncupatas, 
cum parte dictarum terrarum nuncupata Insche 
de Mylntoun de Kemnay, et petia terrae nuncupata 
Haugh de Slugartie, jacente ex boreali parte aquae 
de Don ; terras de Elisounwall ; molendinum 
de Kemnay ; terras de Over et Nether Auchqu- 
hoythies, Racharrald, Boigfur, Glenheid, Parkhill, 
'Les-changie,croftas ejusdem,Wreattoun, Pektillim, 
croftam de Paradyce, croftas terrarum dominicalium 
de Cobleseat; salmonum piscariam super dictam 
aquam de Don, cum cymba portatoria lie ferrie- 
boat ; omnes unitas in baroniam de Kemnay. 
A.E. 555.; N.E. nl. xix. I. S. (Aberd.), 2 Mar; 1648 

,, Vicecomes de Kenmuir. See John, magister, Ken- 

muir I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 20 Sept. 1698 

,, of Kilgour. See John of Kilgour S. H., 18 Dec. 1723 

,, of Kings-grange, collector of customs, Montserrat, 
America, to his brother Brigadier-General Patrick, 
of Kingsgrange, who died Aug. 1776 h. spec. ; 
c. b. inv. in Grange, Kilquhenidie, etc. 

S. H., 14 Oct.; 22 Oct. 1777 
of Kinmundy. See James of Techmuirie 

S. H., 2 Feb. 1727 ; S. H., 18 April 1735 5 s - H - X 7 J ul y J 74 T 
,, in Kinnedour. See Lewis, Kinnedour S. H., 6 Aug. 1718 

,, of Kirkland. See Elizabeth, Kirkland ; Margaret, 

Kirkland S. H., 3 Dec. 1731 

,, of Kirkland. See Alexander of Littleknox S. H., 6 May 1788 
,, in Kirkmabrick. See John de Cairnfeild I. G., n Jan. 1687 

,, de Knockbrex. See Samuel, Dumfries 

I. de Tut., 4 April 1683 
,, de Knockgray. See William de Dundeugh 

I. de Poss. Quinq., 31 Aug. 1682 

(335) XX 



26 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Alexander, h. masc. Georgii de Lesmoir, patris, in terris de 
Grodie, in baronia de Kynnadie. A.E. los. ; N.E. 

36!. I. S. (Aberd.), 3 Oct. 1600 

,, h. Georgii de Lesmoir, patris, in terris de Glascow 
forrest in baronia de Carnecrumlem, et per annexa- 
tionem in baronia de Glencuthill. A.E. 203 ; 
N.E. 4 1. I. S. (Aberd.), 20 Dec. 1600 

,, de Lesmoir. See James de Lesmoir 

I. S. (Aberd.), 10 Apr. 1610 

,, Sir, of Lessmore, to his cousin Sir William of 

Lessmore, who died 15 Sept. 1750 h. male 
spec, in parts of Chappeltown, of Weatherburn, 
of Broomhill, of Carnlogie, Sleeack, etc. 

S. H., 23 Jan.; 23 Apr. 1751 
Sir, of Lesmoir, bart., to his brother Captain John 

h. of conq. gen. S. H., 28 Mar. ; 27 Apr. 1764 

,, Sir, of Lesmoir, bart., to his grandfather Sir James, 
of Lesmoir, bart. h. male gen. 

S. H., 23 Oct. 1765; 24 July 1766 
,, of Letterfourie, to his father James of Letterfourie 

h. gen. S. H., 12 July; 15 July 1791 

of Letterfourie, to his brother James of Letterfourie 

h. gen. S. H., 12 July; 15 July 1791 

of Letterfourie. See James of Letterfourie S. H., 13 Feb. 1798 
of Little Cocklaw, to his brother James of Little 

Cocklaw h. gen. S. H., 7 Feb. 1766; 7 Dec. 1771 

of Littleknox, to his grandfather Alexander of 
Kirkland h. of line and conq. gen. 

S. H., 26 Apr. ; 6 May 1788 

,, of Littleknox, to his grandfather John Cannon of 
Littleknox h. of line and conq. gen. 

S. H., 26 Apr.; 6 May 1788 
.,, in Lochans. See Robert, Lochans 

I. G., 25 Apr. 1615 ; I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 10 Oct. 1615 
in Lochanes. See James, Lochanes 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 Oct. 1633 

,, of Logic. See Robert of Logic S. H., n Oct. 1752 

,, de Mercartnay. See James de Mercartnay 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 3 Nov. 1607 

(336) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. J 

Alexander, de Mundork. See John, Mundork I. G., 30 Aug. 1626 

de Over Barskeoche. See John de Over Bar- 

skeoche I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 24 Feb. 1631 

f. Gulielmi de Pinkaitland. See Patrick, Pinkait- 

land I. G., 8 Feb. 1690 

,, de Pitlurg, h. Roberti de Pitlurg, avi, in villis et 
terris de Over Kinmundy et terris dominicalibus ; 
villa et terris de Dourie ; villa et terris de Miln- 
breck, cum molendino ; villa et terris de Milnhill, 
villa et terris de Pettiemarkhouse ; villa et terris 
de Smallburne ; villa et terris de Kinknockie, in 
se comprehendente villam et terras de Auldtoun 
ejusdem ; Nethertoun alias Welstrype, et alias 
Pettindreichseat, Backhill alias Barackseat, in 
baronia de Kinmundy et parochia de Deer, erectis 
in baroniam de Kinmundy. A.E. 5!.; N.E. 20!. 

I. S. (Aberd.), 5 Oct. 1692 

,, de Pitlurg, h. masc. Roberti de Pitlurg, patris, 
in terris de Pitlurges, et terris de Auquhorties 
superiore et inferiore vulgo Over et Nether, cum 
molendino de Auquhorties vocata Turnash, et 
crofta terrae de Pittinfure vocata Letochie, exten- 
dente ad i& davatam terrae, infra baroniam de 
Keith et parochiam de . . . E. 22!. 6s. 8d. feudi- 
firmae I. S. (Banff), n Oct. 1698 

,, to his father James, minister at Rosenath h. gen. 

S. H., 23 July 1707; Mar. 1708 

,, in Scheilgrein. See James in Drymmeis I. G., i July 1614 

,, of Shirmers, to his father William of Shirmers, 
who died Jan. 1716 h. spec, in the lands of 
Cubbox and in 6,000 merks over Garlorgs, etc. 

S. H., 23 June; 21 Sept. 1719 

,, of Shirmers. See Robert of Shirmers 

S. H., 24 Oct. 1755; s - H -> 8 July 1756 

Spalding-Gordon of Shirmers, to his father Alexander 

Spalding of Holm h. gen. S. H., 20 May ; 22 May 1778 

de Siddera, h. Alexandri de Siddera, avi I. G., 27 July 1647 

de Siddera. See Alexander, supra. 

,, de Siddera, h. Joannis de Siddera, patris I. G., 27 July 1647 

(337) 



28 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Alexander, de Siddera, h. Joannis apparentis de Siddera, fratris 

I. G., 27 July 1647 

de Stradowne, mente captus fatuus et furiosus, et 
Georgius Marchio de Huntlie frater legitimus natu 
maximus dicti Alexandri, propinquior consan- 
guineus patris dicti Alexandri I. de Tut, 3 Oct. 1606 

,, Comes, h. Joannis Comitis Sutherlandiae, patris, 

in comitatu Sutherlandiae, et omnibus terris 
ejusdem comitatus, cum castro de Dunrobyn, 
piscationibus in aqua salsa et dulci, advocationibus 
ecclesiarum et capellaniarum, infra vicecomitatum 
de Inverness. A.E. 500111. ; N.E. i,ooom. 

I. S. (Sutherl.), 8 July 1573 

,, de Swellend. See Helen, Swellend I. S. (Aberd.), i Jan. 1669 

,, of Techmuirie. See James of Techmuirie S. H., i Aug. 1729 

,, de Torquhane. See John, Torquhane 

I. S. Supp. (Kirkcudb.), 30 Oct. 1582 

magister, de Tulloche. See William de Tulloch 

I. S. (Banff), 7 Dec. 1637 

,, of Tulloch, h. of William of Tulloch, his father, in 
the lands of Nether Tulloch, with the croft and 
ferric coble upon the water of Done, within the 
parochin of Monymusk ; the lands of Over 
Tulloch and Dipstoun, with the wood and salmond 
fishing upon the water of Done, within the 
parochin of Monymusk and regalitie of Sanct- 
androis. E. 24!. The lands of Little Abercatie 
lyand as forsaid ; the half of the lands of Noth, 
in the baronie of Strathbogie, in warrandice of the 
lands of Abercatie. E. 12!. 8s. I. S. (Aberd.), Nov. 1656 

,, of Wardhouse, s. of John of Beldorny, to his 
granduncle Arthur of Wardhouse, who died 
Oct. 1760 h. of taillie and prov. spec, in 
Wardhouse and in Old Glanderston, etc. 

S. H. (Aberd.), 2 Sept. 1763 

,, h. magistri Rogeri, patris, in 5 mercatis terrarum 

de Welcrage (vel Balcrage) antiqui extentus, in 
parochia de Candidge. E. 2om. 6s. 8d. 

I. S. (Wigton), 31 Oct. 1598 

(338) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 2Q 

Alexander, of Wardhouse, to his cousin Catherine of Ward- 
house (wife of Capt. George Sempill), who died 
5 Feb. 1762 h. of taillie and prov. spec, in 
Cookshill, Garryhill, Fechlachie, Kinclune, etc. 

S. H. (Aberd.), 12 Aug. ; 2 Sept. 1763 

,, of Wardhouse. See Charles of Wardhouse S. H., 5 Sept. 1770 
,, of Whiteley. Margaret Grant at Dalmenach, to 
her uncle Alexander Gordon of Whiteley, Sheriff- 
Depute of Moray h. port. gen. S. H., 3 Dec; 29 Dec. 1783 
of Whiteley. See Janet, Hillockhead S. H., 29 Dec. 1783 

,, of Woodhall, to his brother George (son of Alexander 
of Woodhall), who died h. spec, in the 

tenandry of Woodhall, including Knockendunce, 
Tripslaw and Waddelum, Haddington 

S. H., 18 Aug. ; 20 Oct. 1746 
,, of Woodhall. See Alexander, supra. 
Ann, to her father Adam, Lieut, in Gen. Maitland's regiment 

h. port. gen. S. H., 16 Apr. ; 27 June 1717 

d. of F[rancis ?], shoemaker in Aberdeen. See James, 

Aberdeen S. H., 17 Jan. 1799 

,, domina, h. dominae Margaretae Irving, sponsae Caroli 

Comitis de Aboyn, matris I. G., 17 June 1665 

,, d. of Js. of Banchory, to her aunt Ann, dau. of Rt. 

Gumming of Birness co-h. of prov. gen. S. H., 7 May 1740 
,, to her brother Major Thomas of Clerkseat co-h. of 

prov. gen. S. H., 12 Sept.; 17 Sept. 1740 

,, wife of W. Forbes, gardener, Dunrobin, to her brother 
Robert, s. of George, tacksman of Culmaly : h. 
port. gen. S. H., 24 May 1769 

,, Brown, wife of John Gordon, writer in Edinburgh, to her 

son Francis h. of prov. gen. S. H., 28 Nov. 1717 ; 27 June 1718 
,, Brown. See John, writer, Edinburgh S. H. Supp. ; 31 Dec. 1719 

Edinburgh. Isobel and Margaret Cheyne to their mother 
Ann Gordon, wife of Charles Cheyne, merchant in 
Edinburgh h. port. gen. S. H., 13 Nov. ; 19 Nov. 1771 

wife of Dr. And. Brown, Falkland, to her father Thomas, prof. 

of philosophy, Aberdeen h. gen. S. H., 15 July; 26 July 1799 
,, to her brother John of Gordonbank h. port. gen. 

S. H., 6 Apr. ; 21 Apr. 1796 

(339) 



30 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Ann, h. Georgii feoditarii de Kincaldrum, f. fratris, in 
terris propriis baroniae de Kincaldrum compre- 
hendentibus terras dominicales de Kincaldrum, 
Buchtiehillok, et molendinum de Kincaldrum ; 
dimidietatem terrarum de Carrot ; tenandriam 
terrarum de Kincreich. A.E. 4!. IDS. ; N.E. i81. 
terris templariis de Kincaldrum in parochia de 
Methie. E. 35. feudifirmae I. S. (Forfar), 16 Jan. 1662 

,, Broune sp. Joannis Gordone junioris de Kingoodie, h. 
Joannis Broune mercatoris in Edinburgo, avi 

I. G., 17 Aug. 1697 
,, wife of John, farm servant in Main, to her father John, 

farm servant, Elgin h. gen. S. H., 2 Dec. 1772 ; 7 Jan. 1773 
,, d. of Francis of Miln of Kincardine, to her brother Hugh 

of Miln of Kincardine h. gen. S. H., 4 July ; 4 Aug. 1766 
,, wife of Lieut. Thomas Stewart in Keithmore, to her father 
Francis of Mill of Kincardine, who died Oct. 
1747 h. spec, in the lands, mill and mill lands 
of Kincardine S. H., 3 Aug.; 26 Sept. 1770 

,, wife of George Gordon of Sheilagreen, to her father James 

Donaldson of Cocklaw h. gen. S. H., 16 Apr. ; 19 Apr. 1746 
,, wife of George Gordon of Sheilagreen. See James, 

Sheilagreen S. H., 22 April; 10 June 1747 

Archibald, s. of Peter of Ardmeallie. See James, Ardmeallie 

S. H., ii Apr. 1753 
,, merchant in Greenock, to his father Alexander, 

merchant there h. gen. S. H., 14 Aug. ; 18 Aug. 1739 

of Halleaths, to his father Gilbert of Halleaths 

h. gen., c. b. inv. S. H., 20 Mar.; 30 Mar. 1790 

,, of Minidow. See Gilbert, Dumfries 

S. H., 12 June 1754 ; S. H., 23 Aug. 1759 
Arthur, of Wardhouse. See Catharine of Wardhouse 

S. H., 14 Feb. 1761 ; S. H., 30 Sept. 1761 
,, of Wardhouse. See Alexander of Wardhouse 

S. H., 2 Sept. 1763 

Barbara. See Christina, Branelane I. S. (Aberd.), 6 Oct. 1669 

,, wife of James Gordon of Hilton, M.D., to her sister 
Ann, d. of Rt. Gumming of Birness h. port, of 
line and prov. gen. S. H., 7 May 1740 

(34) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 31 

Barbara, wife of Dr. James Gordon. See John, Pitlurg 

S. H., 29 Jan. 1783 
See Margaret, Kirkwall I. S. (Orkney) 25 Nov. 

1656; I. G., 16 Dec. 1656; I. S. (Orkney), 8 Feb. 1662 
Beatrix, h. port, praedicti Joannis [de Blaikat], patris, in 
terris praedictis. See Catharine, Blaikat 

I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 Oct. 1548 
Benjamin, of Balbethan, to his father James of Balbethan 

h. gen. S. H., 7 Feb. ; 24 April 1739 

Bessie. See Agnes, Over Whytsyde I. S. (Dumfries), 23 May 1662 

Catharine Wardlaw, wife of James Gordon, merchant in Aber- 
deen, to her mother Henrietta Colin h. gen. 

S. H., i May; 4 May 1787 

,, sp. Alexandri Gordone de Achomachie, h. port. 
Joannis Martme de Lattons, patris, magis- 
ter Thomas Martine incola in 'St. Andrews f. 
Elizabethae Martine f. dicti Joannis Martine, et 
Margareta Leitch sp. Alexandri Ferrier ballivi de 
St. Andrews, et f. Helenae Martine f. dicti Joannis 
Martine, hh. port, dicti Joannis Martine, avi, in 
terris de Auchintrochane alias Midle, Wester, et 
Norther Lathons vocatis, infra regalitatem Sancti 
Andreae. A.E. 6s. 8d. ; N.E. 2 6s. 8d. 

I. S. (Fife), 19 May 1698 

,, of Auchintoul, to her brother Alexander of Auchin- 
toul, who died 30 Mar., 1768 h. of line and 
prov. spec., in Auchintoul, etc., Banff; and in 
Lathers, etc., Aberd. and Banff S. H., 12 Aug. ; 14 Sept. 1768 
,, of Auchentool. See Frederica, Auchentool S. H., 28 Aug. 1798 
,, wid. of Alex. Forbes of Blackford, to her brother 
James of Badenscoth h. port, of line and prov. 
gen. S. H., i July; 10 July 1778 

,, h. port. Joannis de Blaikat (qui obiit in conflictu de 
Pinkiecleuch), patris, in 14 mercatis terrarum de 
Blaikat et Lag antiqui extentus, in parochiis de 
Girtoun et Ur. E. 3m. 6s. 8d. I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 29 Oct. 1548 
,, h. port. Margaretae, sororis, in undecima parte 
10 solidatarum ex 9 mercatis terrarum de Blaket, 
cum undecima parte molendini de Blaket, ex- 

(34i) 



32 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

tendente ad n denariatas terrarum. A.E. nd. ; 
N.E. 33d. 6 denariatis terrarum de 5 solidatis 6 
denariatis terrarum ex 5 mercatis terrarum de Lag 
antiqui extentus in parochia de Ur et Girthoun. 
A.E. 6d. ; N.E. ud. I. S. (Kirkcudb.), 14 Apr. 1552 

Catharine, wife of George Rose, to her cousin David Bridges in 

Bullcamp, Suffolk h. port. gen. S. H., 4 Feb. ; 12 Feb. 1777 
,, Scott, wid. of Alex. Gordon of Cumry, to her 
nephew, Patrick Scott-Hepburn of Kingstone 
h. port. gen. S. H., 24 Feb. ; 27 Feb. 1779 

,, to her father Doctor James of Fechell, who died 

Aug., 1723 h. port. spec, in the lands of Fechell 
in the parish of Ellon S. H., 17 July; 29 Aug. 1741 

wife of John Byron, to her father George of Gight 

h. of prov. and in gen. S. H., 30 Sept. ; 21 Oct. 1785 

wife of Jas. Baird, merchant, Glasgow, to her grand- 
father John, physician there co-h. of prov. gen. 

S. H., 30 May; 18 June 1792 

to her brother George of Glengerrick, who died in 
May or June, 1747 h. port, and of line spec, 
in the barony of Glengerrick, including Auchivis, 
Berryleys, Newmiln of Strathisla, etc., Banff 

S. H., 16 Aug. ; 25 Aug. 1748 

,, Kelly. See George, India S. H., 2 Dec. 1793 

,, of Wardhouse, wife of the Hon. Captain G. Sempill, 
to her father Arthur of Wardhouse h. of taillie 
and prov. gen. S. H., 14 Feb. 1761 

,, of Wardhouse, wife of Captain G. (Gordon) Sempill, 
to her father Arthur of Wardhouse h. gen. 

S. H., 28 Sept. ; 30 Sept. 1761 
,, of Wardhouse. See Alexander of Wardhouse 

S. H., 2 Sept. 1763 
Charles, of Abergeldie, to his father Patrick of Abergeldie h. 

male of line and prov. gen. S. H., 29 July; 25 Oct. 1737 

,, of Abergeldie, to his father Patrick of Abergeldie 

h. male of taillie and prov. gen. S. H., 19 Aug.; 8 Sept. 1738 
,, of Abergeldy, to his grandfather Charles of Abergeldy 

h. gen. S. H., 8 July ; 25 July 1768 

,, of Abergeldy. See Charles, supra. 

(342) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 33 

Charles, of Abergeldie. See Peter of Abergeldie. S. H., 18 May 1798 

Comes de Aboyn. See Ann, domina, Aboyn I. G., 17 June 1665 
,, Capitanus. See Rachael, Aberzeldie I. G., i Mar. 1798 

de Blelock. See Isobel, Blelock I. G., 19 Feb. 1698 

of Blelack. Charles Gordon Rose, g d son of Hugh 
Rose of Tilliesnaught, to his gduncle Charles 
Gordon of Blelack h. of line and prov. gen. 

S. H. Supp., 9 July; 17 July 1788 

Hamilton, advocate. See Helen, Boquhen ; Edin- 
burgh S. H., Oct. 1771; S. H., 14 Aug. 1754 
de Bracco, h. Joannis de Bracco, patris, in villa et 
terris de Bracco, cum terris dominicalilbus de 
Bracco ac pendiculis earundem vocatis Raebids et 
Whytwalls ; terris et forresta de Drumkentoun ; 
villa et terris de Glashea et pendiculis earundem 
vocatis Reidfoord, cum molendino de Glashea et 
privilegio baroniae, infra baroniam de Knoking- 
lews. A.E. 2 m. ; N.E. 8m. I. S. (Aberd.), 15 Sept. 1682 
merchant in Brechin, to his granduncle Charles of 
Glengarroch h. male and of prov. gen. 

S. H., i Mar. ; 7 Mar. 1748 

,, of Buthlaw, to his uncle John of Buthlaw, advocate, 
who died July 1775 h. of prov. spec, and 
the lands, mains and manor place of Newtyle, 
Drums, Mains of Buthlaw, Cadgerhill, etc. 

S. H., 2 Apr. ; 26 Apr. 1776 

,, of Buthlaw. See Thomas of Buthlaw S. H., 22 Feb. 1797 

,, to his father Alexander of Cloves h. gen. 

S. H., 20 May ; 28 July 1718 
,, in Dumfries, to his brother John, writer there h. 

gen. S. H., 6 Feb. ; 15 Feb. 1796 

merchant in Edinburgh. See Alexander, Bordeaux 

S. H., 31 Jan. 1728 
to his father James at the Mill of Esslemont h. gen. 

S. H., 29 Mar.; 3 May 1744 

Cfharles], of Fetterangus. See William, Fetterangus S. H., 13 Aug. 1768 
magister, de Gardenstoune. See Robert, magister, 

Gardenstoune I. G., 5 Dec. 1674 

of Glenderrich. See George of Glenderrich S. H., 8 Jan. 1734 

(343) YY 



34 HOUSE OF GORDON. 

Charles de Glengarrack, h. masc. Alexandri de Glengarrack, 
patris, in terris de Over et Nether Auchinhuives 
et Berrielies cum Alehouse et Alehousecrofts ; 
terris et villa de Glengerack, Alriecardoch, et 
Corbiescraig, cum communi pastura in terris de 
Greenes de Kinbaldie, Balnamain, et Altmore, et 
potestate aedificandi molendinum super easdem 
terras, in baronia de Strathila et regalitate de 
Kinlose ; 2 bovatis terrae de Newmilne de 
Strathila ; terris de Nether Kinminitie vocatis 
Overseat de Nether Kinminitie ; molendino de 
Strathila vocato Newmylne vel Overmylne de 
Strathila, cum crofta terrae adjacente in baronia 
de Strathila et regalitate de Kinlose ; burgo 
baroniae de Newmill, cum privilegio fori hepdo- 
madarii et 4 nundinarum annuatim ; omnibus 
unitis et erectis in baroniam de Glengerack. 
A.E. ; N.E. 77!. i 4 s. 6d. I. S. (Banff), 29 Nov. 1692 

,, of Glengerrick. See George of Glengerrick S. H., 3 Oct. 1746 

of Glengarroch. See Charles, merchant in Brechin 

S. H., 7 Mar. 1748 

,, magister. See Robert, magister, Gordonstoune 

I. S. (Sutherl.), 22 Apr. 1675 

,, Hamilton, of Newhall, advocate. See William of 

Newhall S. H., 20 Apr. 1763 

,, Hamilton, of Newhall, advocate. See Henrietta of 

Braelangwell S. H., 29 Jan. 1787 

s. of Peter, New York, to his brother Alexander in 
the Customs at Ayr h. of conq. gen. 

S..H., 5 Mar.; 26 Mar. 1782 

s. of G., merchant, Peterhead, to his grandaunt 
Catharine M' Ronald or Forbes there h. gen. 

S. H., 6 Mar. ; 13 Aug. 1767 

of Sheelagreen, captain, to his father William of 
Sheelagreen, who died May, 1773 h. spec, in 
Wranghams, Sheelagreen, with Manor Place, 
Boghillock, etc., all in the parish of Culsalmond, 
Aberd. S. H., 4 Mar. ; u Mar. 1776 

>, of Wardhouse, to his brother Alexander of Wardhouse, 

(344) 



APPENDIX I. : SERVICES OF HEIRS. 35 

who died 24 Nov. 1769 h. of tail and prov. 
spec, in Cookshill, Garryhill, Drummalachies, 
Kinclune, Nether Kildrimmie, Wellhead, etc., 
Aberd. S. H., 13 Aug. ; 5 Sept. 1770 

Charles, of Wardhouse, to his father John of Beldorney, who 
died 6 Oct. 1760 h. spec, in the lands of 
Succoch, in the parish of Mortlach, Banff 

S. H., 9 June; n Aug. 1777 
merchant in Warsaw in Poland, to his fat